1,029 results match your criteria Perianal Abscess


[Analysis of clinical characteristics and drug treatment of inflammatory bowel disease in children: a single center study].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jul;58(7):570-575

Department of Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing 100020, China.

To analyze the clinical characteristics and efficacy of drug treatment in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at different ages of onset. The clinical data of 87 children with IBD admitted to Department of Gastroenterology in Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2009 to December 2018 were collected. The patients were divided into four groups according to the age of onset: 0 -<2 years old group (36 cases), 2 -<6 years old group (10 cases), 6 -<10 years old group (12 cases) and 10 -<18 years old group (29 cases). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112140-20200504-00468DOI Listing

Pilonidal sinus of the perianal region: Difficult to diagnose.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 Jun 6;72:96-98. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

University of Health Science, Istanbul Haydarpasa Education and Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: Pilonidal sinus usually arises in the area of natal cleft in young men. Hair accumulation in the wound in the perianal region is very rare. Although pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used in the differential diagnosis of perianal region diseases, it is not possible to diagnose perianal pilonidal sinus by MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.05.071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298328PMC

Levels of TB-IGRA may help to differentiate between intestinal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease in patients with positive results.

Therap Adv Gastroenterol 2020 18;13:1756284820922003. Epub 2020 May 18.

Gastroenterology Department, Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, Shanghai, China.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of positive tuberculosis interferon gamma release assay (TB-IGRA) in the differential diagnosis of intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) and Crohn's disease (CD) patients, and to find a suitable threshold to help distinguishing CD from tuberculosis (TB), so as to provide better recommendations for clinical treatment.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed including 484 patients who underwent TB-IGRA testing for suspected CD or ITB treated in the Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University between January 2015 and May 2018. According to the diagnostic criteria, 307 patients, including 272 CD and 35 ITB patients, were recruited for the final analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1756284820922003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235651PMC

Atypical Clinical Presentation of Hidradenitis Suppurativa in a Patient with Severe Mannose-Binding Lectin Deficiency.

Case Rep Dermatol 2020 May-Aug;12(2):83-91. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Dermatology, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) deficiency is associated with recurrent infections, autoimmune and inflammatory skin disease, and vascular complications. MBL deficiency is not a recognized comorbidity in hidradenitis suppurativa (HS); the latter is associated with the group of autoinflammatory disorders. A 32-year-old woman presented with a history of recurrent painful, deep-seated abscesses and pustular lesions since the age of 13 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250386PMC

The value of post-operative antibiotic therapy after laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated acute appendicitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled phase III study (ABAP study).

Trials 2020 Jun 1;21(1):451. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Amiens University Hospital, Amiens University Medical Center, Avenue Laennec, F-80054, Amiens cedex 01, France.

Background: Approximately 30% of appendectomies are for complicated acute appendicitis (CAA). With laparoscopy, the main post-operative complication is deep abscesses (12% of cases of CAA, versus 4% for open surgery). A recent cohort study compared short and long courses of postoperative antibiotic therapy in patients with CAA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04411-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268648PMC

Pediatric Crohn's Disease and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) and COVID-19 Treated with Infliximab.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Susan and Leonard Feinstein IBD Clinical Center, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may lead to a severe inflammatory response referred to as a cytokine storm. We describe a case of severe COVID-19 infection in a recently diagnosed pediatric Crohn's disease patient successfully treated with Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α) blockade. The patient presented with five days of fever, an erythematous maculopapular facial rash, and abdominal pain without respiratory symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268863PMC

[Extraintestinal manifestations and intestinal complications in children with Crohn's disease: an analysis of 54 cases].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2020 May;22(5):478-481

Department of Pediatrics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing 100730, China.

Objective: To summarize the extraintestinal manifestations and intestinal complications in children with Crohn's disease (CD).

Methods: The clinical data of 54 children who were diagnosed with CD in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2008 to December 2018 were collected for retrospective analysis of extraintestinal manifestations and intestinal complications. According to the location of the lesion, the children were divided into ileocolonic group (30 cases), colonic group (6 cases), and ileal group (18 cases). Read More

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Efficacy of conservative treatment of perianal abscesses in children and predictors for therapeutic failure.

Clin Exp Pediatr 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Helios University Hospital Wuppertal, University Witten-Herdecke, Wuppertal, Germany.

Background: The optimal management of perianal abscess in children is controversial.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficiency of conservative treatment of perianal abscess in children and identify parameters that predict therapy failure.

Methods: All cases of children younger than 14 years of age with perianal abscesses between 2001-2016 were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3345/cep.2019.00969DOI Listing

Ambulatory management of perianal Crohn's disease during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Colorectal Dis 2020 06 18;22(6):645-646. Epub 2020 May 18.

Minimally Invasive and GI Surgery, Policlinico Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/codi.15104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7267577PMC

Fournier gangrene: pictorial review.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Medical Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Fournier gangrene is an emergency condition that is associated with a high mortality rate. It is defined as a rapidly progressing infective necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, perianal, and genital regions. Early diagnosis, broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage, and adequate surgical debridement are crucial and lead to better prognosis and patient survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-020-02549-9DOI Listing

Inflammatory bowel disease symptoms at the time of anal fistula lead to the diagnosis of Crohn's disease.

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2020 Apr 23. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Gastroenterology, Amiens University Hospital, Picardie University, Amiens, France.

Introduction: Most anal fistulas are crypto-glandular. Nevertheless, anal fistulas can reveal Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of our study was to evaluate the risk of developing CD in patients undergoing surgery for anal fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinre.2020.03.027DOI Listing

Perianal fistula mapping at 3 T: volumetric versus conventional MRI sequences.

Clin Radiol 2020 Jul 22;75(7):563.e1-563.e9. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of General Surgery, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: To evaluate volumetric contrast-enhanced three-dimensional T1-weighted (CE 3D T1) turbo spin-echo (TSE) with variable flip angle (SPACE), CE 3D T1 volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) sequences with conventional CE-two-dimensional (2D)-T1 and 2D-T2-weighted imaging (WI) sequences in assessing perianal fistulas.

Methods And Materials: Twenty-three patients with perianal fistula were included in this prospective study and underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 T including fat-supressed CE 3D T1 SPACE, CE 3D T1 VIBE, axial and coronal 2D-T1WI together with 2D-T2WI sequences in the axial and coronal planes. Acquisition times were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2020.03.034DOI Listing

Perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano in children - evaluation of treatment efficacy. Is it possible to avoid recurrence?

Pol Przegl Chir 2020 Feb;92(2):29-33

Klinika Chirurgii Dziecięcej i Transplantacji Narządów, Instytut "Pomnik - Centrum Zdrowia Dziecka", Warszawa.

Introduction: Perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano are common findings in infants and children. The perianal abscess is usually a manifestation of a fistula-in-ano. Experience of our center indicates general lack of knowledge of the origin of the abscess and therefore, it is usually treated by incision and drainage, which leads to repeated recurrences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0013.8158DOI Listing
February 2020

Lift and VAAFT for high trans-sphincteric anal fistula: a single center retrospective analysis.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2020 Jun 16;35(6):1149-1153. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Surgery, Ospedale GM Vannini, Istituto Figlie di San Camillo, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: The management of complex anal fistulas remains a challenge, mainly due to the considerable risk of incontinence. We compared LIFT and VAAFT in the treatment of complex anal fistulas in terms of healing time, recurrence, continence, morbidity, and postoperative pain, focusing also on patients with local abscess at the time of surgery.

Methods: We include all patients with high trans-sphincteric anal fistula even with abscess at the time of surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-020-03584-0DOI Listing

Clinical features and monocyte/macrophage subsets characterization in granulomatous vs non-granulomatous Crohn's disease.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2020 Apr 14;55(4):442-448. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Gastroenterology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Granuloma, mainly composed of macrophages, is a histological feature of Crohn's disease (CD). However, its significance in CD has not been investigated adequately. Our study aims to address this issue by comparing the clinical manifestations and monocyte/macrophage subtypes between granulomatous and non-granulomatous CD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2020.1748222DOI Listing

An unusual cause of granulomatous colitis: Behcet's disease.

JGH Open 2020 Apr 15;4(2):303-305. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

Department of Gastroenterology Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh India.

Intestinal involvement in Behcet's disease (BD) is uncommon. Differentiating it from close mimics like Crohn's Disease is difficult. Further, in asymptomatic cases, diagnostic challenges posed is still greater. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgh3.12215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7144775PMC

[Submucosal laser ablation of internal hemorrhoids].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2020 (3):89-96

A.N. Ryzhikh State Scientific Center of Coloproctology of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To analyze efficacy and safety of submucosal laser ablation of internal hemorrhoids (SLT).

Material And Methods: Systematic review included 10 articles published in electronic databases PubMed, Cochrane Library, Elibrary until January 2019. There were only full-text publications from prospective clinical trials devoted to submucosal laser ablation in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia202003189DOI Listing

Giant Retrorectal Epidermoid Cyst Masquerading as a Perianal Swelling.

Case Rep Surg 2020 18;2020:5750382. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Radiology Department, King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz University Hospital, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

A retrorectal epidermoid cyst is an uncommon congenital lesion that arises from the remnants of the embryonic tissues. This type of cyst is difficult to diagnose before surgery. In this study, we report a rare case of a giant retrorectal epidermoid cyst in a 30-year-old woman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5750382DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7106870PMC

Management of perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano in infants and children.

Authors:
Jinyoung Park

Clin Exp Pediatr 2020 Mar 23. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, South Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3345/cep.2020.00150DOI Listing

Surgical management of perianal abscess in neonates and infants.

ANZ J Surg 2020 Jun 4;90(6):1034-1036. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: The optimal management of perianal abscess in neonates and infants remains unclear, including the need for laying open of the fistula and the role of microscopy and culture studies (MCS). We aimed to report the recurrence rate following incision and drainage alone (I&D) compared to incision and drainage with laying open of the fistula (I&DF) and to determine the value of MCS in perianal abscess management.

Methods: Following ethical approval (16326Q), a 10-year (2007-2017) review of children younger than 1 year presenting with a perianal abscess was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15801DOI Listing

Long-term Outcomes of Laser Ablation of Fistula Tract for Fistula-in-Ano: A Considerable Option in Sphincter Preservation.

Dis Colon Rectum 2020 Jun;63(6):831-836

Department of Surgery, Bursa Medicana Hospital, Bursa, Turkey.

Background: Ablation of anal fistula tract using a radial laser-emitting probe is a sphincter-preserving technique.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess long-term outcomes of laser ablation of fistula tract.

Design: This was a retrospective analysis of the long-term outcomes of 100 patients who underwent laser ablation of fistula tract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001628DOI Listing
June 2020
3.749 Impact Factor

The Use of Hypochlorous Acid Lavage to Treat Infected Cavity Wounds.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Jan 24;8(1):e2604. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani, Thailand.

Managing cavity wounds that cannot be cleaned using standard irrigating solution is challenging. An immunocompromised patient with a horseshoe perianal abscess was selected to represent a heavy infection in cavity wounds. Diluted povidone-iodine was initially used to lavage the wounds, but the fever persisted and the irrigation was painful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002604DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7015588PMC
January 2020

A Case of Fournier's Gangrene in a Patient Taking Canagliflozin for the Treatment of Type II Diabetes Mellitus.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Feb 24;21:e920115. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Winchester District Memorial Hospital, Winchester, Ontario, Canada.

BACKGROUND Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a class of antihyperglycemic medications associated with an increased risk of urinary and genital infections due to their glycosuric effects. In 2018, the FDA issued a safety alert warning that multiple cases of Fournier's Gangrene (FG), a severe genital infection, had been reported in patients taking SGLT2 inhibitors. CASE REPORT We present a case of 72-year-old male with type II diabetes mellitus who developed FG while taking the SGLT2 inhibitor canagliflozin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.920115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7061930PMC
February 2020

Extraperitoneal spread of anorectal abscess presented only as acute abdomen. A case report of a rare pathology and mini-review.

Ann Coloproctol 2020 Jan 31. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

General hospital of Patras, Greece, Patras, Greece.

Background: Supralevator abscess is a rare form of anorectal disease responsible for very rare but morbid manifestations, one of which is spreading superiorly through fascial planes.

Case Presentation: We present a rare case of a spreading anorectal abscess presented only as diffuse abdominal pain and review similar cases of the literature according to the anatomical considerations, presentation, diagnostic procedures and treatment options.

Discussion: We identified seven cases of spreading anorectal abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3393/ac.2020.01.20DOI Listing
January 2020

Short-term outcomes of laparoscopic intersphincteric resection with intraoperative radiotherapy using low-energy X-rays for primary locally advanced low rectal cancer: a single center experience.

World J Surg Oncol 2020 Feb 3;18(1):26. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of the General Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

Background: Even with the augmentative application of anal-preservation surgery in low rectal cancer, the role and indications of laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (Lap ISR) are still under debate, especially for T3 or node-positive (T3N0M0, T1-3N+M0) cancer, mainly due to the oncological safety and functional outcomes. INTRABEAM (Carl Zeiss, Germany) intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) using low-energy X-rays features in accurate irradiation, less exposure, and reduced complications. Taking advantages of Lap ISR and INTRABEAM IORT, this innovative approach aims to increase the probability of the anal preservation with acceptable postoperative outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-020-1799-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6998155PMC
February 2020

Korean Children and Adolescents with Crohn's Disease Are More Likely to Present with Perianal Fistulizing Disease at Diagnosis Compared to Their European Counterparts.

Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr 2020 Jan 9;23(1):49-62. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the disease phenotype of Korean pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) patients at diagnosis according to the Paris classification by comparison with patients from the European multicenter 5-years recruitment of children with newly developed IBD (EUROKIDS registry).

Methods: Korean children and adolescents who had been newly diagnosed with CD at the age of <18 years during 2013-2016 were included in this multicenter retrospective study. Disease phenotype at diagnosis was classified according to the Paris classification, and compared with the published data from the EUROKIDS study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5223/pghn.2020.23.1.49DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6966217PMC
January 2020

Evaluation and management of perianal abscess and anal fistula: SICCR position statement.

Tech Coloproctol 2020 02 23;24(2):127-143. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Diagnostic Imaging Centre "Diagnostica Marche", Osimo Stazione, Ancona, Italy.

Perianal sepsis is a common condition ranging from acute abscess to chronic anal fistula. In most cases, the source is considered to be a non-specific cryptoglandular infection starting from the intersphincteric space. Surgery is the main treatment and several procedures have been developed, but the risks of recurrence and of impairment of continence still seem to be an unresolved issue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10151-019-02144-1DOI Listing
February 2020

Perianal fistula imaging: a comparison between two-channel superficial Flex coil and eight-channel body coil.

Pol J Radiol 2019 4;84:e430-e435. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

Memorial Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: Perianal fistula is an important health problem with devastating morbidity. For diagnosis and prevention of recurrence, perianal fistula imaging (PFI) is crucial. The aim of this study was to investigate if a Flex-M superficial coil images would provide more information than images obtained with a phased-array body coil in PFI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pjr.2019.89906DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6964328PMC
November 2019

[Long-term efficacy of bioprosthetic anal fistula plug in the treatment of transsphincteric anal fistula].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jan;23(1):71-75

Department of General Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

To evaluate the long-term healing rate of transsphincteric anal fistula treated with anal fistula plug procedure and the risk factors affecting the healing of anal fistula. A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 207 patients with transsphincteric anal fistulas who received anal fistula plug procedure at the Department of General Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University from August 2008 to September 2012. Inclusion criteria: (1) consistent with the diagnosis of transsphincteric anal fistula: the anal fistula passed through the internal and external sphincter; (2) complete data; (3) initial treatment with anal fistula plug procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1671-0274.2020.01.012DOI Listing
January 2020

Cytomegalovirus enteritis with intractable diarrhea in infants from a tertiary care center in China.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2020 Jan 9;55(1):55-61. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is rarely thought to be the cause of significant gastrointestinal infection in immunocompetent children. CMV colitis is seldom observed in young infants. This study aims to examine the clinical features of CMV colitis in Chinese children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2019.1706763DOI Listing
January 2020

Perianal Fistulas.

Dis Colon Rectum 2020 02;63(2):129-132

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, New York-Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001576DOI Listing
February 2020
3.749 Impact Factor

Spinal epidural abscess - a rare complication of Crohn´s disease: case report.

Vnitr Lek 2019 ;65(11):712-714

Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare disease that occurs mainly in immunocompromised patients after spinal surgery or spinal trauma and can lead to a severe neurological deficit or even death if diagnosed too late. However, cases of SEA have also been reported in patients with fistulising Crohn´s disease (CD). We present a case of a young patient with CD and a history of relapsing perianal disease followed by a complication of SEA in the thoracic spine. Read More

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January 2020

Benign Anorectal Conditions: Evaluation and Management.

Am Fam Physician 2020 01;101(1):24-33

University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Common anorectal conditions include hemorrhoids, perianal pruritus, anal fissures, functional rectal pain, perianal abscess, condyloma, rectal prolapse, and fecal incontinence. Although these are benign conditions, symptoms can be similar to those of cancer, so malignancy should be considered in the differential diagnosis. History and examination, including anoscopy, are usually sufficient for diagnosing these conditions, although additional testing is needed in some situations. Read More

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January 2020

Pararectal angiomyxoma: a diagnostic dilemma.

J Surg Case Rep 2019 Dec 17;2019(12):rjz331. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Department of General Surgery, Seth G.S. Medical College & K.E.M Hospital, Mumbai 400053, Maharashtra, India.

Clinical diagnosis of pararectal masses remains a challenge to this day. Despite the availability of advanced imaging facilities, we often fail to reach a definitive diagnosis and have to resort to surgery. We describe a case of a 60-year-old female with a painless perianal swelling gradually increasing in size for 6 months with spontaneous reduction on assuming a supine position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjz331DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6917470PMC
December 2019

Predictors of long-term outcomes of radiologically defined perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease treated with antitumor necrosis factor-alpha agents based on Parks' classification.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020 Feb;32(2):187-192

Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background And Aims: Perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease (PFCD) leads to significant disability. Data assessing healing of complex PFCD based on pelvic MRI using Parks' classification remains sparse. We aimed to assess the frequency of closure of fistula tract on MRI in patients treated with antitumor necrosis factor alpha antagonists and identify predictors of poor response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0000000000001634DOI Listing
February 2020
2.152 Impact Factor

Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma in the Treatment of Perianal Fistula in Crohn's Disease.

J Gastrointest Surg 2019 Dec 10. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Coloproctology Unit Clinical Management Unit of General and Gastrointestinal Surgery Division Seville, Biomedical Research Institute (IBIS), Avenida Manuel Siurot s/n, 41013, Seville, Spain.

Aim: To assess clinical healing in patients with perianal Crohn's disease with local intrafistular injection of autologous platelet-rich plasma.

Method: The pilot study was conducted at a single centre between January 2013 and December 2015. Autologous platelet-rich plasma was prepared in platelet-rich and platelet-poor fractions for local intrafistular injection in patients with proven, established perianal Crohn's disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-019-04480-xDOI Listing
December 2019

Point-of-care Transperineal Ultrasound to Diagnose Abscess in the Emergency Department.

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2019 Nov 18;3(4):349-353. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia.

Perineal and rectal pain are common presentations in the emergency department (ED). In the majority of cases, clinical examination is sufficient to detect local anorectal pathologies. However, perianal and rectal abscesses and fistulas are often the primary concerns prompting diagnostic imaging in the ED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2019.6.43514DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6861055PMC
November 2019

Successful haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with post-transplant cyclophosphamide in a child with X-linked chronic granulomatous disease: A first report in Asia.

Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 2019 Nov 3. Epub 2019 Nov 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi hospital, Mahidol University, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, Thailand.

Backgound: HLA-matched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the curative treatment for chronic granulomatous disease (CGD).

Objective: To report a case of X-linked CGD with active infection successfully treated by haploidentical HSCT with post-transplant high dose cyclophosphamide (PTCY).

Methods: A 5-year-old Thai boy with CGD was undergone for haploidentical HSCT using PTCY with correction of the phagocytic function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12932/AP-290419-0551DOI Listing
November 2019
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1.255 Impact Factor

Excisional Hemorrhoidectomy: Safe in Patients With Crohn's Disease?

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2019 Oct 21. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

Introduction: Due to concerns over wound healing, hemorrhoidectomy in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) remains controversial. We sought to ascertain safety and efficacy of excisional hemorrhoidectomy in CD.

Methods: A retrospective review of all adult CD patients undergoing excisional hemorrhoidectomy between January 1, 1995, and January 1, 2019, at 2 IBD referral centers was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izz255DOI Listing
October 2019
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The use of Argentum-Quartz® solution in primary or recurrent perianal fistulas: first experience on three cases.

Clin Ter 2019 Sep-Oct;170(5):e328-e331

Department of Experimental Biomedicine and Clinical Neuroscience, University of Palermo, Italy.

Primary perianal fistulous pathology represents a painful condition often noticeable in patients affected by Crohn's disease or Ulcerative colitis. It causes difficult defecation and can evolve in perianal abscess that should be urgently ascertained and drained. The present work aims to propose Argentum-Quartz® as valid non-surgical therapeutic treatment in order to reach a more comfortable perianal fistula healing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7417/CT.2019.2155DOI Listing
December 2019
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Immediate and Delayed Reconstruction after Excision of Axillary Hidradenitis Suppurativa Using a Propeller Flap.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2019 Aug 12;7(8):e2387. Epub 2019 Aug 12.

Babtain Center of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, ibn-Sina Hospital, Ministry of Health, Shuwaikh, Kuwait.

The chronic inflammatory skin condition hidradenitis suppurativa (acne inversa), characterized by hair follicle or apocrine gland infection, causes recurrent superficial nodules and abscesses in axillary, mammary, and perianal regions. Chronic reoccurrence results in fistula formation, causing scarring and fibrosis. Surgical excision of affected skin tissue with adequate free margins is the gold standard treatment to prevent recurrence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002387DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6756640PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Hemorrhoidectomy and Excision of Skin Tags in IBD: Harbinger of Doom or Simply a Disease Running Its Course?

Dis Colon Rectum 2019 12;62(12):1505-1511

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background: Controversy in performing hemorrhoidectomy and anal skin tag excision in patients with IBD stems from dated reports of nonhealing wounds resulting in proctectomy.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the safety of interventional management of hemorrhoids or anal skin tags in patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.

Design: This study is a retrospective review of patient records from 2000 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DCR.0000000000001524DOI Listing
December 2019
3 Reads

The pathogens and curative effects analysis of perianal abscess of infants under 3 months.

Authors:
Yimin Zhu Fuying Xu

Turk J Pediatr 2019 ;61(1):40-43

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Lishui University, Lishui, China.

Zhu Y, Xu F. The pathogens and curative effects analysis of perianal abscess of infants under 3 months. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 40-43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2020
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Perianal Crohn's Disease.

Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2019 Sep 6;32(5):377-385. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Hospital Santa Helena Los Álamos, Málaga, Spain.

This article provides an overview of the principles in the evaluation and management of perianal Crohn's disease (CD). Manifestation-specific treatment is addressed including abscess, fistula, skin tags, hemorrhoids, fissure, ulcers, strictures, ano-, and rectovaginal fistulas as well CD-associated hidradenitis suppurativa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1687834DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6731113PMC
September 2019
9 Reads

Pedictors of Perianal Fistula Relapse in Crohn's Disease.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2020 May;26(6):926-931

Hépato-gastro-entérologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Despite an optimal medico-surgical management of perineal Crohn's disease (PCD), fistula relapse still occurs in 30% of patients. Our aim was to determine predictors of fistula relapse in patients in remission after treatment of a PCD lesion.

Methods: Consecutive patients treated for fistulizing PCD have been included in a retrospective study when they achieved fistula remission within 3 months after the surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izz200DOI Listing
May 2020
2 Reads

Perianal abscess in infants: Amenable to conservative treatment in selected cases.

Pediatr Int 2019 Nov 13;61(11):1146-1150. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Background: Perianal abscess is a common surgical condition in daily pediatric practice. Management is a subject of controversy and a variety of approaches are practiced. While the most frequent approach is drainage with/without fistulotomy, the superiority of this approach and the place of conservative approach has not been established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13996DOI Listing
November 2019
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Efficacy of continuous intravenous pumping of insulin for patients with diabetes complicated with perianal abscess and the effect on inflammatory cytokines.

Exp Ther Med 2019 Sep 12;18(3):1539-1544. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, Jinhua Hospital of Zhejiang University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321000, P.R. China.

Efficacy of insulin with different administrations for patients with diabetes complicated with perianal abscess and the effect on serum inflammatory cytokines were investigated. One hundred and sixty-seven patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent radical operation of perianal abscess in Jinhua Hospital of Zhejiang University from January 2014 to December 2016 were analyzed. Before and after the operation, 89 patients who received continuous intravenous pumping of insulin for blood glucose control were set as an observation group, and 78 patients who received intermittent subcutaneous injection of insulin as a control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7773DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6676185PMC
September 2019
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Combination therapy with traditional medicines for perianal abscess in children.

Pediatr Int 2019 Oct;61(10):1025-1029

Department of Pediatric General and Urogenital Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Combination therapy with two different traditional medicine formulations called hainosankyuto and juzentaihoto (TJ-122 and TJ-48; Tsumura & Co, Tokyo, Japan) may be effective for perianal abscess (PA), but their effectiveness has not been established. The present study investigated the effectiveness of combination therapy with TJ-122 and TJ-48 as the most effective conservative treatment for PA.

Methods: We identified 69 patients with PA under 2 years of age and divided them into four groups according to the formulations used: group 1, TJ-122 (n = 17); group 2, TJ-48 (n = 14); group 3, TJ-122 and TJ-48 (n = 19); and group 4, no traditional medicines (n = 19). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13988DOI Listing
October 2019
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