15,900 results match your criteria Perforated Peptic Ulcer


Treatment of de Garengeot's hernia: a meta-analysis.

Hernia 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, 75185, Uppsala, Sweden.

Purpose: de Garengeot's hernia is a rare entity in which the appendix is located within a femoral hernia and is almost invariably encountered incarcerated in an emergency setting with concomitant appendicitis. In the literature, there are mostly single-case reports. The purpose of the present study was to perform a review of the literature to study the incidence, pathogenesis, demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory and radiological investigations, differential diagnosis, delay in diagnosis and treatment, operative findings, surgical technique, histological findings, the postoperative course, use of antibiotics, and complications regarding de Garengeot's hernia. Read More

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December 2018

The acute abdomen in pregnancy and postpartum of a teenager woman. Case report.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):939-943

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania; Department of General Surgery, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

The acute abdomen with its many clinical aspects is not a condition that eludes pregnancy; acute appendicitis being the most frequently incriminated, but when it comes to its complication - peritonitis and the pregnant is a teenager, the cases cited in the literature are quite rare. We present the case of a 15-year-old teenager pregnant within 24 weeks admitted from the emergency department with the diagnosis of acute abdomen and operated for generalized peritonitis due to a perforated appendicitis. The microscopic analysis of the specimen indicated the presence of ulceration and extensive and deep and necrosis of the appendicle wall, the residual structures being dissected by a predominantly polymorphonuclear leukocytes inflammatory infiltrate associated with eosinophilic fibrinous deposits. Read More

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January 2018

[Perforated duodenal ulcer in high risk patients].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (11):39-43

Chair of Faculty-Based Surgery of the Volgograd State Medical University, Volgograd, Russia.

Aim: To improve the outcomes in patients with perforated duodenal ulcers.

Material And Methods: Cohort study included 456 patients with perforated duodenal ulcer. High risk of mortality was determined in 9% of patients (n=40) considering Boey diagnostic criteria (1982, 1987). Read More

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January 2018

[Peritonitis aggressiveness assessment].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (11):31-34

Pirogov Samara City Clinical Hospital #1, Samara, Russia.

Peritonitis due to perforated duodenal ulcer was taken as a model. Patients were conditionally divided into three groups depending on the time after perforation: 6-12, 13-24 and over 24 hours. Analysis of microflora and pH of abdominal exudate was performed immediately after laparotomy. Read More

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January 2018

[Laparoscopy for perforated gastroduodenal ulcers].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (10):23-26

Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Care of Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To assess laparoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of patients with perforated gastroduodenal ulcers.

Material And Methods: There were 273 patients with perforated gastroduodenal ulcers who underwent laparoscopy at the Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Care in 2010-2016. Sample included patients with clinical and instrumental diagnosis of perforated gastroduodenal ulcers, suspected hollow organ perforation including perforated ulcer and other acute abdominal diseases followed by perforated ulcer. Read More

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January 2018

Prospective evaluation of a clinical response directed pathway for complicated appendicitis.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool, UK. Electronic address:

Aim: Despite evidence to suggest shorter durations of antibiotics are safe in complicated appendicitis, the practice has not been widely adopted in the UK. Our aim was to determine whether a clinical pathway that tailors antibiotics to clinical condition was safe and effective.

Methods: A new post-operative pathway (NewPath) was devised that reduced mandatory intravenous antibiotics for complicated appendicitis (perforated or gangrenous) from 5 to 3 days post-operatively, provided the child was apyrexial for >12 h and tolerating oral diet. Read More

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November 2018

A 57-Year-Old Man With Subacute Progressive Hemoptysis and Fevers.

Chest 2018 Dec;154(6):e181-e185

Department of Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address:

Case Presentation: A 57-year-old man was admitted for 1 month of accelerating hemoptysis and hematemesis. Two weeks earlier, he first presented with fevers and hemoptysis of 2 weeks' duration and was diagnosed with community-acquired pneumonia treated with 5 days of ceftriaxone and azithromycin. He improved and was discharged, but his hemoptysis recurred 1 day after discharge and progressed over 9 days, leading to the present admission. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Clostridium septicum: A usual suspect? Aortic rupture following right hemicolectomy: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 22;54:51-54. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Surgery, Epworth Health, Melbourne Australia; Gastrointestinal Clinical Institute, Epworth HealthCare, Melbourne Australia.

Introduction: There is a known association between Clostridium Septicum, mycotic aneurysm and colon neoplasm.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 90 year old female admitted with abdominal pain to the general surgery unit. Admission CT scan demonstrated a thick walled caecum and pericaecal inflammation suspicious for a perforated carcinoma. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

[A low risk of ileus, incisional hernia and impact on female fertility after appendectomy].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Nov;180(48)

Appendicitis is a common condition, which is often seen by the general practitioners as well as in the emergency departments. It is normally treated with laparoscopic appendectomy. This review gives an overview of the long-term surgical complications ileus and incisional hernia and of the impact of appendicitis and appendectomy on female fertility. Read More

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November 2018

[Surgical strategy of diagnosis and treatment for acute perforated gastric cancer].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;21(11):1218-1222

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, China.

Acute perforated gastric cancer (GC) is defined as an acute perforation of primary GC. It is a rare surgical acute abdominal disease that is mainly caused by advanced GC. The onset of acute perforation of GC is related to the depth of invasion. Read More

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November 2018

Efficacy of oral antibiotics in children with post-operative abscess from perforated appendicitis.

Pediatr Surg Int 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Surgery, Children's Mercy Hospital, 2401 Gillham Road, 64108, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Background: Post-operative intra-abdominal abscess (PIAA) is the most common complication after appendectomy for perforated appendicitis (PA). Typically, intravenous antibiotics by a peripherally inserted venous catheter are utilized to treat the abscess. We sought to evaluate the role of oral antibiotics in this population. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Is abdominal drainage after open emergency appendectomy for complicated appendicitis beneficial or waste of money? A single centre retrospective cohort study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Dec 9;36:168-172. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

UCL Medical School, UCL, Research Department of Medical Education, Room GF/664, Royal Free Campus, Hampstead, London, NW3 2PR, UK.

Background: Appendicitis is a medical condition that causes painful inflammation of the appendix. For acute appendicitis, appendectomy is immediately required as any delay may lead to serious complications such as gangrenous or perforated appendicitis with or without localized abscess formation. Patients who had appendectomy for complicated appendicitis are more prone to develop post-operative complications such as peritoneal abscess or wound infection. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Characteristics and Timing of Interhospital Transfers of Emergency General Surgery Patients.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 26;233:8-19. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin.

Background: Transferred emergency general surgery (EGS) patients have increased morbidity, mortality, and costs, yet little is known about the characteristics of such transfers. Increasing specialization and a decreasing general surgery workforce have led to concerns about access to care, which may lead to increased transfers. We sought to evaluate the reasons for and timing of transfers for EGS diagnoses. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Withholding Urinary Catheters in Children Receiving Patient-Controlled Analgesia for Appendicitis.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 17;233:100-103. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Surgery, The Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri. Electronic address:

Background: In some institutions, urinary catheters (UCs) have been placed in all patients receiving opioid patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) because of the increased incidence of urinary retention. Our institutional data demonstrated no UC replacements in 48 children who had PCA for perforated appendicitis who had their catheters removed before discontinuation of the PCA. As part of a quality improvement initiative, we discontinued the practice of requiring UC with PCA for perforated appendicitis. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Laparoscopic appendectomy - Outcomes of senior trainees operating without supervision versus experienced pediatric surgeons.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Division of General, Thoracic and Fetal Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Aim Of The Study: Pediatric surgery trainees at our program are allowed to perform unsupervised laparoscopic appendectomies during their last year of training to promote independent operative decision-making skills. We reviewed the outcomes of laparoscopic appendectomies done by senior trainees without supervision and compared them to experienced pediatric surgeons.

Methods: We reviewed 500 laparoscopic appendectomies performed without supervision by the last 10 pediatric surgery trainees during their last year of training (first 50 cases of each trainee). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Giant Depolarizing Potentials Trigger Transient Changes in the Intracellular Cl Concentration in CA3 Pyramidal Neurons of the Immature Mouse Hippocampus.

Front Cell Neurosci 2018 20;12:420. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Institute of Physiology, University Medical Center Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Giant depolarizing potentials (GDPs) represent a typical spontaneous activity pattern in the immature hippocampus. GDPs are mediated by GABAergic and glutamatergic synaptic inputs and their initiation requires an excitatory GABAergic action, which is typical for immature neurons due to their elevated intracellular Cl concentration ([Cl]). Because GABA receptors are ligand-gated Cl channels, activation of these receptors can potentially influence [Cl]. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Prognostic significance of sealed-off perforation in colon cancer: a prospective cohort study.

World J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 4;16(1):232. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101, Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Perforated colon cancer is a rare complication, but has a high risk of recurrence. However, most studies have not distinguished sealed-off perforation from free perforation, and the prognosis is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oncologic outcome of colon cancer with sealed-off perforation. Read More

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December 2018

[Finger necrosis following arterial cannulation - a case report].

Laeknabladid 2018 Dec;104(12):551-553

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Nursing, University of Iceland.

Arterial cannulation is a common procedure in critically ill patients, as it facilitates continuous monitoring of blood pressure, titration of inotropes, vasopressors and fluids and is also used for blood sampling. Serious complications from arterial lines are very rare, permanent ischemic damage occurs in less than 0,1% of patients. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman in septic shock caused by a perforated duodenal ulcer which was treated with emergent laparoscopic repair. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The Association of Nil Per Os (NPO) Days with Necrotizing Enterocolitis.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2018 30;2018:2795468. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: Enteral feeds are an essential part of care for infants and may be a potential risk factor in NEC development. The present study objective was to evaluate the relationship between nil per os (NPO) and clinical outcomes in infants with NEC.

Methods: This was a retrospective review of 196 premature, low-birth-weight infants with NEC from January 1, 2011, to October 31, 2016, at four academic tertiary care hospitals. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Immature stages of the Rubiaceae-feeding metalmark butterflies (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae), and a new function for the tentacle nectary organs.

Zootaxa 2018 Nov 20;4524(1):1-32. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Aquapro, Km 13 via a Acacias, Villavicencio, Colombia..

Metalmark butterfly (Riodinidae) diversity is heavily concentrated in the Neotropical lowland forests but despite their prevalence basic information on immature stages is still scarce. Here we describe the life cycle of seven taxa in the Rubiaceae-feeding section of the Mesosemiina, including three Mesosemia Hübner, [1819], three Leucochimona Stichel, 1909, and the first information for Semomesia Westwood, 1851. Immature stage morphology of Mesosemia cippus Hewitson, 1859 is described in detail through scanning electron microscopy. Read More

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November 2018

Geographic and socioeconomic predictors of perforated appendicitis: A national Canadian cohort study.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Surgery, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4L8, Canada; Division of General Surgery, St. Joseph's Healthcare, 50 Charlton Avenue East, Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 4A6, Canada. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Appendiceal perforation significantly impacts the outcomes of pediatric appendicitis. While socioeconomic status affects perforation risk in the United States, these effects should dissipate in a universal healthcare system. The specific spatial patterns associated with perforation have also never been delineated. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Multifunctional wafer-scale graphene membranes for fast ultrafiltration and high permeation gas separation.

Sci Adv 2018 Nov 23;4(11):eaau0476. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Nanoscience for Energy Technology and Sustainability, Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Tannenstrasse 3, Zürich CH-8092, Switzerland.

Reliable and large-scale manufacturing routes for perforated graphene membranes in separation and filtration remain challenging. We introduce two manufacturing pathways for the fabrication of highly porous, perforated graphene membranes with sub-100-nm pores, suitable for ultrafiltration and as a two-dimensional (2D) scaffold for synthesizing ultrathin, gas-selective polymers. The two complementary processes-bottom up and top down-enable perforated graphene membranes with desired layer number and allow ultrafiltration applications with liquid permeances up to 5. Read More

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November 2018

A White Matter Fiber Microdissection Study of the Anterior Perforated Substance and the Basal Forebrain: A Gateway to the Basal Ganglia?

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neuroscience Center, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Studies detailing the anatomy of the basal forebrain (BF) from a neurosurgical perspective are missing.

Objective: To describe the anatomy of the BF and of the anterior perforated substance (APS), the BF emphasizing surgical useful anatomical relationship between surface landmarks and deep structures.

Methods: White matter fiber microdissection was performed on 5 brain specimens to analyze the topographic anatomy of the APS and expose layer-by-layer fiber tracts and nuclei of the BF. Read More

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November 2018

Surgical Resection of a Cavernous Malformation of the Anterior Perforated Substance: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Cavernous malformations (CMs) are intracranial vascular anomalies of the brain blood vessels which are usually asymptomatic but sometimes may cause headache, seizures, or focal neurologic symptoms.1 The latter may be attributed to either hemorrhage of the lesion or due to associated mass effect.2 Here, we describe the case of a 27-yr-old woman who had an acute onset of headache and occasional left sided peripheral visual disturbances. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

The diagnostic values of procalcitonin and interleukin 6 in acute appendicitis.

Turk J Surg 2018 Nov 20:1-3. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Surgery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Objective: Despite the recent use of computed tomography scan and diagnostic laparoscopy, acute appendicitis is still highly misdiagnosed. Timely diagnosis of acute appendicitis is more crucial in children and elderly patients because of vague symptoms and rapid progression to perforation in these age groups, which may result in high rates of morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to find the diagnostic values of procalcitonin and interleukin 6 (IL-6) for diagnosing acute appendicitis in our center. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Three-Dimensional Printing Technology Combined With Postmortem Computed Tomography Angiography as New Form of Forensic Evidence: A Case Report.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai, China.

Postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) and PMCT angiography are increasingly used in forensic practice. However, their application in court is still limited because they need professional equipment or software to be displayed. In this article, the authors introduce 3-dimensional (3D) printing technology as a new approach to provide evidence in court. Read More

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November 2018

Morphogenetic mechanism of the acquisition of the dinosaur-type acetabulum.

R Soc Open Sci 2018 Oct 17;5(10):180604. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Ecological Developmental Adaptability Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, 6-3, Aza-aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.

Understanding morphological evolution in dinosaurs from a mechanistic viewpoint requires the elucidation of the morphogenesis that gave rise to derived dinosaurian traits, such as the perforated acetabulum. In the current study, we used embryos of extant animals with ancestral- and dinosaur-type acetabula, namely, geckos and turtles (with unperforated acetabulum), and birds (with perforated acetabulum). We performed comparative and experimental analyses, focusing on inter-tissue interaction during embryogenesis, and found that the avian perforated acetabulum develops via a secondary loss of cartilaginous tissue in the acetabular region. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Steroid reservoir loss during removal of perforated Levonorgestrel 52mg intrauterine device.

Contraception 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford, Rockford, IL 61107, USA.

A 22-year-old G1P1 Caucasian female had hysteroscopic removal of a perforated intrauterine device during which the steroid reservoir of the intrauterine device was lost. Isolated steroid reservoirs are radiolucent on plain film radiography. We located the reservoir in the peritoneal cavity with magnetic resonance imaging and removed it via laparoscopy. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Deep-subwavelength control of acoustic waves in an ultra-compact metasurface lens.

Nat Commun 2018 11 22;9(1):4920. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore, 639798, Singapore.

Space-coiling acoustic metasurfaces have been largely exploited and shown their outstanding wave manipulation capacity. However, they are complex in realization and cannot directly manipulate acoustic near-fields by controlling the effective path length. Here, we propose a comprehensive paradigm for acoustic metasurfaces to extend the wave manipulations to both far- and near-fields and markedly reduce the implementation complexity with a simple structure, which consists of an array of deep-subwavelength-spaced slits perforated in a thin plate. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Management of the Exposed or Perforated Midurethral Sling.

Urol Clin North Am 2019 Feb;46(1):31-40

Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue/Q10, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

The synthetic midurethral sling has become the gold standard for treatment of stress urinary incontinence since its introduction more than 20 years ago. With its utilization, the incidence of mesh-related complications has also increased. Mesh exposure and perforation are 2 common mesh complication scenarios that pelvic floor surgeons should be prepared to treat. Read More

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February 2019
2 Reads

A bioactive collagen membrane that enhances bone regeneration.

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Division of Pharmaceutics and Translational Therapeutics, University of Iowa College of Pharmacy, Iowa City, Iowa.

Membranes are an integral component of guided bone regeneration protocols. This pre-clinical study was aimed at enhancing the bioactivity of collagen membranes by incorporating plasmid DNA (pDNA) or chemically modified RNA (cmRNA) encoding bone morphogenetic protein-9 (BMP-9). In addition, we also endeavored to harness the regenerative potential of the periosteum by creating perforations in the membrane. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Laparoscopic Repair for Perforated Peptic Ulcer Disease Has Better Outcomes Than Open Repair.

J Gastrointest Surg 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

The Whiteley-Martin Research Centre, Discipline of Surgery, Nepean Hospital, The University of Sydney, Level 5, South Block, P.O. Box 63, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

Purpose: Over the last 3 decades, laparoscopic procedures have emerged as the standard treatment for many elective and emergency surgical conditions. Despite the increased use of laparoscopic surgery, the role of laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcer remains controversial among general surgeons. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic versus open repair for perforated peptic ulcer. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Novel metformin-containing resin promotes odontogenic differentiation and mineral synthesis of dental pulp stem cells.

Drug Deliv Transl Res 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Advanced Oral Sciences and Therapeutics, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.

This represents the first report on the development of metformin-containing dental resins. The objectives were to use the resin as a carrier to deliver metformin locally to stimulate dental cells for dental tissue regeneration and to investigate the effects on odontogenic differentiation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and mineral synthesis. Metformin was incorporated into a resin at 20% by mass as a model system. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Perforation risk in pediatric appendicitis: assessment and management.

Pediatric Health Med Ther 2018 26;9:135-145. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Surgery, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA,

Perforated appendicitis, as defined by a visible hole in the appendix or an appendicolith free within the abdomen, carries significant morbidity in the pediatric population. Accurate diagnosis is challenging as there is no single symptom or sign that accurately predicts perforated appendicitis. Younger patients and those with increased duration of symptoms are at higher risk of perforated appendicitis. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Characterization of fume particles generated during arc welding with various covered electrodes.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 21;8(1):17169. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Far Eastern Federal University, Sukhanova Street, 8, Vladivostok, 690950, Russian Federation.

Arc welding operations are considered to be risky procedures by generating hazardous welding fume for human health. This study focuses on the key characteristics, as well as dispersion models, of welding fumes within a work zone. Commercial and widely used types of electrodes with various types of covering (rutile, basic, acidic and rutile-cellulose) were used in a series of experiments on arc welding operations, under 100 and 150 amps of electric current. Read More

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November 2018

Outcomes and Costs of Common Surgical Procedures at Children's and Nonchildren's Hospitals.

J Surg Res 2018 Dec 3;232:63-71. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Surgery, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California; Department of Pediatrics, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California; Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance, California. Electronic address:

Background: Variations in the management of pediatric patients at children's hospitals (CHs) and non-CHs (NCHs) have been well described, especially within the trauma literature. However, little is known about the outcomes and costs of common general surgical procedures at NCHs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of CH designation on the outcomes and costs of appendectomy and cholecystectomy. Read More

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December 2018
7 Reads

Perforated sigmoid diverticulitis: Hartmann's procedure or resection with primary anastomosis.

Authors:
W A Bemelman

Tech Coloproctol 2018 Oct 20;22(10):739-740. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

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October 2018
3 Reads

Removal of phosphate from River water using a new baffle plates electrochemical reactor.

MethodsX 2018 31;5:1413-1418. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Environment Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq.

During the last 50 years, the human activities have significantly altered the natural cycle of phosphate in this planet, causing phosphate to accumulate in the freshwater ecosystems of some countries to at least 75% greater than preindustrial levels, which indicates an urgent need to develop efficient phosphate treatment methods. Therefore, the current study investigates the removal of phosphate from river water using a new electrochemical cell (PBPR). This new cell utilises perforated baffle plates as a water mixer rather than magnetic stirrers that require power to work. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

Perforated Sigmoid Diverticulitis Resulting in Subcutaneous Abscess.

Am Surg 2018 Aug;84(8):e275-e276

Department of Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.

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August 2018
1 Read

Concomitant Fecal Impaction and Perforated Appendicitis in an Autistic Patient.

Am Surg 2017 Dec;83(12):e471-e473

Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

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December 2017

Direct Penetration of the Anterior Abdominal Wall by a Perforated Neoplastic Acute Appendicitis.

Am Surg 2017 Nov;83(11):e463-e465

Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.

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November 2017
3 Reads

The Effect of Surgical Training and Operative Approach on Outcomes in Acute Diverticulitis: Should Guidelines Be Revised?

Dis Colon Rectum 2019 Jan;62(1):71-78

Colorectal Surgery Center, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Current guidelines accept partial colectomy and primary anastomosis with proximal diversion for select patients with perforated diverticulitis based on low-quality evidence.

Objective: This study aimed to compare the effect of operative approach and surgeon training on outcomes following urgent/emergent colectomy for diverticulitis.

Design: This is a statewide retrospective cohort study. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Understanding the anatomy of a perforated mitral valve: From 2D echocardiography to 3D printing.

Hellenic J Cardiol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Cardiology, King's College, Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Electronic address:

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November 2018
1 Read

L-DOPA-Induced Motor Impairment and Overexpression of Corticostriatal Synaptic Components Are Improved by the mGluR5 Antagonist MPEP in 6-OHDA-Lesioned Rats.

ASN Neuro 2018 Jan-Dec;10:1759091418811021

1 Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Levodopa (L-DOPA) is still the most effective drug for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the long-term therapy often triggers L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). Metabotropic glutamate receptor type 5 (mGluR5) is abundant in the basal ganglia, and its inhibition is thought to modulate postsynaptic excitatory synaptic transmission and glutamate hyperactivity in PD and LID. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Laparoscopy for perforated duodenal ulcer: A morbidity score based on a cohort study of 384 patients.

Tunis Med 2018 Apr;96(4):167-170

Background: The Laparoscopic treatment of perforated ulcer is accompanied by a lesser morbidity and mortality compared with treatment by laparotomy. However, the morbidity of the laparoscopic approach is not nil (4%). It is influenced by pre and intraoperative factors. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Management of perforated duodenal peptic ulcer treated by suture.

Tunis Med 2018 Jul;96(7):424-429

Background: Laparoscopic surgery has become the gold standard for many procedures owing to its advantages such as a shorter post-operative stay, a faster recovery and less postoperative pain. However, choosing laparoscopic approach in an emergency situationsuch as in the management of a perforated duodenal peptic ulcer is still debated because of the absence of significant benefits. This study aimed to assess the management of perforated duodenal peptic ulcer treated by suture. Read More

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July 2018
9 Reads

Correction: Unique perforated graphene derived from Bougainvillea flowers for high-power supercapacitors: a green approach.

Nanoscale 2018 Nov;10(46):22065

Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Ministry of Electronics and Information and Technology (MeitY), Government of India, Panchawati off Pashanroad, Pune-411008, India.

Correction for 'Unique perforated graphene derived from Bougainvillea flowers for high-power supercapacitors: a green approach' by Rajendra P. Panmand et al., Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 4801-4809. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Mini-Incision Open Appendectomy with Incision Skin Tissue Retractor vs. Laparoscopic Appendectomy: A Retrospective Study of the Management of Child Acute Appendicitis.

Adv Ther 2018 Dec 13;35(12):2176-2185. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Surgery, National Children's Medical Center, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100045, China.

Introduction: This study aims to compare the clinical effects of an incision skin tissue retractor for mini-incision open appendectomy and laparoscopic surgery for pediatric appendicitis.

Methods: From January 2014 to July 2017, a total of 248 patients were included in the present study. Laparoscopic appendectomy was performed for 108 cases (LA group), and mini-incision open appendectomy with an incision skin tissue retractor was performed for 140 cases (MOA-ISTR group). Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Novel screening protocol for precise phenotyping of salt-tolerance at reproductive stage in rice.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2018 Nov 13;24(6):1047-1058. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

ICAR-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha 753006 India.

The present study reports an unequivocal and improved protocol for efficient screening of salt tolerance at flowering stage in rice, which can aid phenotyping of population for subsequent identification of QTLs associated with salinity stress, particularly at reproductive stage. To validate the new method, the selection criteria, level and time of imposition of stress; plant growth medium were standardized using three rice genotypes. The setup was established with a piezometer placed in a perforated pot for continuous monitoring of soil EC and pH throughout the period of study. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads