44 results match your criteria Percutaneous Transtracheal Jet Ventilation

Emergency percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation in a hypoxic cardiopulmonary resuscitation setting: a life-saving rescue technique.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jan 26;2018. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Department of Anaesthesiology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

(Un)anticipated difficult airway remains a challenge in anaesthesia. Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation has been shown to be an adequate technique for temporary oxygenation and ventilation and has been described as an acknowledged method in emergency settings of an unanticipated difficult airway. These emergency settings can be considered as low incidence high-risk situations. Read More

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January 2018

Percutaneous Transtracheal Jet Ventilation with Various Upper Airway Obstruction.

Biomed Res Int 2015 16;2015:454807. Epub 2015 Jun 16.

Department of Anesthesiology, Yokohama City University Hospital, 3-9 Fukuura Kanazawa, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0004, Japan.

A "cannot-ventilate, cannot-intubate" situation is critical. In difficult airway management, transtracheal jet ventilation (TTJV) has been recommended as an invasive procedure, but specialized equipment is required. However, the influence of upper airway resistance (UAR) during TTJV has not been clarified. Read More

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February 2016

Combining transtracheal catheter oxygenation and needle-based Seldinger cricothyrotomy into a single, sequential procedure.

Am J Emerg Med 2015 May 7;33(5):708-12. Epub 2015 Mar 7.

Department of Emergency Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Needle-based cricothyrotomy is a common procedure for emergency department patients requiring an emergent surgical airway. Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation is well studied to provide oxygenation. We propose to combine these procedures into a novel, single, and sequential procedure. Read More

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Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation in an obstructed airway model in post-apnoeic sheep.

Br J Anaesth 2014 Dec 30;113(6):1039-45. Epub 2014 Jun 30.

Centre for Translational Physiology, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Wellington Hospital, Wellington, New Zealand

Background: Temporizing oxygenation by percutaneous transtracheal ventilation (PTV) is a recommended emergency technique in 'can't intubate, can't oxygenate' (CICO) situations. Barotrauma risk increases if expiration is obstructed. The Ventrain(®) is a new PTV device that assists expiration. Read More

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December 2014

Tidal volume and airway pressure under percutaneous transtracheal ventilation without a jet ventilator: comparison of high-flow oxygen ventilation and manual ventilation in complete and incomplete upper airway obstruction models.

J Anesth 2014 Jun 9;28(3):341-6. Epub 2013 Nov 9.

Department of Anesthesia, Nagoya City West Medical Center, 1-1-1 Hirate-cho, Kita-ku, Nagoya, 462-8508, Japan,

Purpose: Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation (PTV) can be life-saving in a cannot ventilate, cannot intubate situation. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of PTV by measuring tidal volumes (VTs) and airway pressure (Paw) in high-flow oxygen ventilation and manual ventilation using a model lung.

Methods: We examined 14G, 16G, 18G, and 20G intravenous catheters and minitracheotomy catheters. Read More

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Jet or intensive care unit ventilator during simulated percutaneous transtracheal ventilation: a lung model study.

Br J Anaesth 2013 Mar 20;110(3):456-62. Epub 2012 Nov 20.

Anaesthesia and Operation Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation (PTV) via a jet ventilator (PTJV) is considered a rescue technique in difficult airway management. However, whether a conventional ventilator can generate adequate ventilation via PTV is not known. Our goal was to evaluate the tidal volume (V(T)) generated by a conventional ventilator during simulated PTV compared with PTJV in a lung model. Read More

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Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation.

Mark Hauswald

Acad Emerg Med 2011 Oct 26;18(10):1109; author reply 1109. Epub 2011 Sep 26.

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October 2011

[Invasive airway management update 2011].

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2011 Sep 5;46(9):608-16. Epub 2011 Sep 5.

Invasive airway management techniques are still challenging even for skilled anesthesiologists, intensivists and emergency physicians. All current percutaneous tracheostomy techniques are based on Seldinger's principle. Using the recent introduced Blue Dolphin Kit is feasible and safe, but without clear advantage compared to other kits. Read More

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September 2011

Percutaneous transtracheal emergency ventilation with a self-made device in an animal model.

Paediatr Anaesth 2007 Oct;17(10):972-6

Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Jena, Jena, Germany.

Background: Special equipment for emergency percutaneous transtracheal ventilation is often not immediately available. We used a self-made device consisting of a three-way stopcock connected between a G-15 transtracheal airway catheter and an oxygen supply in a simulated 'cannot intubate, cannot ventilate' scenario and tested the hypothesis that the effectiveness of the device depends on the body weight of the experimental animals.

Methods: With approval of the local animal protection committee, two groups of six pigs each with a body weight of 21 +/- 2 and 36 +/- 6 kg, respectively, were tracheally intubated and mechanically ventilated after induction of anesthesia. Read More

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October 2007

Difficult airway management after carotid endarterectomy: utility and limitations of the Laryngeal Mask Airway.

J Clin Anesth 2007 May;19(3):218-21

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4283, USA.

This case series details successful management of life-threatening airway obstruction after carotid endarterectomy. In the first case, ventilation was restored with a Laryngeal Mask Airway. In the second case, laryngeal mask airway rescue was unsuccessful, necessitating percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation and subsequent endotracheal intubation with direct laryngoscopy. Read More

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Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation: resuscitation bags do not provide adequate ventilation.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2006 Nov-Dec;21(6):431-5

Department of Health Services Administration, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH 45207-7331, USA.

Introduction: Percutaneous, transtracheal jet ventilation (PTJV) is an effective way to ventilate both adults and children. However, some authors suggest that a resuscitation bag can be utilized to ventilate through a cannula placed into the trachea.

Hypothesis: Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation (PTV) through a 14-gauge catheter is ineffective when attempted using a resuscitation bag. Read More

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[Invasive airway management].

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 2006 Sep;41(9):576-87

Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin und Schmerztherapie am Klinikum der Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe-Universität Frankfurt.

Invasive airway management techniques are the bottom line of most difficult airway management algorithms when less invasive measures (e.g. endotracheal intubation, bag-valve-mask ventilation, or supraglottic airways) have failed. Read More

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September 2006

Percutaneous transtracheal emergency ventilation during respiratory arrest: comparison of the oxygen flow modulator with a hand-triggered emergency jet injector in an animal model.

Am J Emerg Med 2006 Jul;24(4):455-9

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, 34840 Istanbul, Turkey, and Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University of Jena, Germany.

The oxygen flow modulator is a device for percutaneous transtracheal emergency ventilation. Simulating a respiratory arrest situation, we studied the effects of this device in comparison with a hand-triggered emergency jet injector during pulmonary resuscitation. Nine pigs were anesthetized and mechanically ventilated. Read More

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[Choice of lung ventilation at suspension laryngoscopy in patients with laryngeal neoplasms].

Anesteziol Reanimatol 2005 Sep-Oct(5):13-7

Three methods of artificial ventilation (AV) (volumetric, high-frequency injection, and high-frequency percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilations) were studied in 340 patients when laryngeal tumors were removed, by using a Stortz laryngoscope under multicomponent general anesthesia and local airways anesthesia. Examining the parameters of respiration and circulation in the use of three AV methods has indicated the advantages of the high-frequency percutaneous ventilation that ensures the prevention of aspiration complications and steady-state values of gas exchange and blood circulation, including in those with laryngeal stenosis and at a high risk for hemorrhage. Read More

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January 2006

Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation in head and neck surgery.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2005 Oct;131(10):886-90

University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington 06030, USA.

Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation (PTJV) in the management of the difficult airway.

Design: Retrospective case series.

Setting: Academic, tertiary care medical center. Read More

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October 2005

Prophylactic percutaneous transtracheal catheterisation in the management of patients with anticipated difficult airways: a case series.

Anaesthesia 2005 Aug;60(8):801-5

Department of Anaesthesiology, St Gallen Cantonal Hospital, Rorschacherstrasse 95, CH-9007 St Gallen, Switzerland.

Primary tracheostomy under local anaesthesia is indicated in the management of an anticipated difficult airway in patients in whom less invasive procedures are expected to fail or have already failed. However, primary tracheostomy is a relatively complex procedure and places not inconsiderable stress on the patient. In a prospective study in our hospital over a period of 22 months, we were able to avoid primary tracheostomy in 11 patients with very difficult airways. Read More

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Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation as a guide to tracheal intubation in severe upper airway obstruction from supraglottic oedema.

Br J Anaesth 2005 May 11;94(5):683-6. Epub 2005 Feb 11.

Magill Department of Anaesthesia, Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup DA14 6LT, UK.

We report two cases of severe upper airway obstruction caused by supraglottic oedema secondary to adult epiglottitis and Ludwig's angina. In the former case, attempts to intubate with a direct laryngoscope failed but were successful once percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation (PTJV) had been instituted. In the case with Ludwig's angina, PTJV was employed as a pre-emptive measure and the subsequent tracheal intubation with a direct laryngoscope was performed with unexpected ease. Read More

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A severe complication after laser-induced damage to a transtracheal catheter during endoscopic laryngeal microsurgery.

Anesth Analg 2004 Jun;98(6):1807-1808

Departments of *Anesthesiology and †Ear, Nose, Throat, Head, and Neck Surgery, St. Gallen Cantonal Hospital, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Unlabelled: Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumothorax is a rare and severe complication of percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation, usually caused by obstruction of the upper airway or displacement of the tracheal catheter. Nevertheless, it is our preferred technique for endoscopic laryngeal laser surgery. We report a patient with acute subcutaneous emphysema and pneumothorax during laser surgery, caused by unobserved laser damage and discuss the associated risk factors. Read More

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Unanticipated difficult airway in anesthetized patients: prospective validation of a management algorithm.

Anesthesiology 2004 May;100(5):1146-50

Service d' Anesthésie Réanimation, Hôpital Henri-Mondor, 51 Avenue du Maréchal de Lattre-de-Tassigny, 94100 Créteil Cedex, France.

Background: Management strategies conceived to improve patient safety in anesthesia have rarely been assessed prospectively. The authors undertook a prospective evaluation of a predefined algorithm for unanticipated difficult airway management.

Methods: After a 2-month period of training in airway management, 41 anesthesiologists were asked to follow a predefined algorithm for management in the case of an unanticipated difficult airway. Read More

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Percutaneous transtracheal ventilation: effects of a new oxygen flow modulator on oxygenation and ventilation in pigs compared with a hand triggered emergency jet injector.

Resuscitation 2003 Mar;56(3):329-33

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital, 07740 Jena, Germany.

The application of percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation for emergency ventilation depends on special equipment which is often not available outside the operating room. The oxygen flow modulator is a new specially designed device for emergency ventilation using a low pressure oxygen supply. We studied the effects of the new device in comparison with a hand triggered emergency jet injector on oxygenation and ventilation in six pigs (21+/-1 kg). Read More

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Failed intubation managed with subcricoid transtracheal jet ventilation followed by percutaneous tracheostomy.

Anesthesiology 2002 Jun;96(6):1519-20

Department of Anaesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India.

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Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation: a safe, quick, and temporary way to provide oxygenation and ventilation when conventional methods are unsuccessful.

R G Patel

Chest 1999 Dec;116(6):1689-94

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, G. V. (Sonny) Montgomery V. A. Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39110, USA.

Introduction: Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation (PTJV) with a large-bore angiocath that is inserted through the cricothyroid membrane can provide immediate oxygenation from a high-pressure (50 lb per square inch) oxygen wall outlet, as well as ventilation by means of manual triggering. The objective of this retrospective study is to highlight the potential benefit of PTJV as a temporary lifesaving procedure during difficult situations when oral endotracheal intubation is unsuccessful and bag-valve-mask ventilation is ineffective for oxygenation during acute respiratory failure.

Methods: The medical records of 29 consecutive patients who required emergent PTJV within the past 4 years were reviewed. Read More

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December 1999

Prevention of kinking of a percutaneous transtracheal intravenous catheter.

Anesthesiology 1995 Jan;82(1):288-91

Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego Medical School.

Background: Transtracheal jet ventilation (TTJV) through a percutaneously inserted intravenous/TTJV catheter, using a high-pressure oxygen source and noncompliant tubing is a simple and quick method of effective ventilation, especially in a patient in whom the lungs cannot be ventilated via mask and/or whose trachea cannot be intubated. TTJV becomes impossible if any part of the plastic portion of the TTJV catheter kinks; although the incidence of this problem is not known, kinking of the catheter is most likely to occur as the catheter turns from a predominantly posterior to a predominantly caudad direction. These experiments tested the hypothesis that a small-angle bend in the tip of the TTJV catheter would reduce the requirement to aim the entire TTJV catheter in a caudad-directed orientation. Read More

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January 1995

Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation for paediatric endoscopic laser treatment of laryngeal and subglottic lesions.

Can J Anaesth 1994 Dec;41(12):1200-7

Department of Anaesthesia, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Percutaneous transtracheal high frequency jet ventilation (TTJV) in adults is frequently used during anaesthesia for laryngeal microsurgery. It provides excellent surgical operating conditions and safety for the patient. The technique has not been evaluated in infants and children. Read More

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December 1994

Management of the difficult airway.

J L Benumof

Ann Acad Med Singap 1994 Jul;23(4):589-91

Department of Anaesthesia, University California San Diego Medical Centre 92103-8812.

Respiratory catastrophes are the most common cause of anaesthesia-related brain deaths and death. If an airway is recognised to be difficult, endotracheal tube (ETT) intubation should be performed awake. Awake intubation demands proper preparation of the patient. Read More

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