Urolithiasis 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.
Urology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti di Ancona, Faculty of Medicine, School of Urology, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Conca 71, 60126, Ancona, Italy.
We aimed to perform a systematic review of randomized trials to summarize the evidence on the safety and stone-free rate after Tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) (ureteral stent/catheter, no nephrostomy) compared to Standard PCNL (nephrostomy, with/without ureteral stent/catheter) to evaluate if the tubeless approach is better. The inverse variance of the mean difference with a random effect, 95% Confidence Interval (CI), and p values was used for continuous variables. Categorical variables were assessed using Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel method with the random effect model, and reported as Risk Ratio (RR), 95% CI, and p values. Read More