4,652 results match your criteria Perception[Journal]


Making a Spectacle of Yourself: The Effect of Glasses and Sunglasses on Face Perception.

Perception 2019 Apr 22:301006619844680. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, UK.

We investigated the effect of wearing glasses and sunglasses on the perception of social traits from faces and on face matching. Participants rated images of people wearing no glasses, glasses and sunglasses on three social traits (trustworthiness, competence and attractiveness). Wearing sunglasses reduced ratings of trustworthiness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619844680DOI Listing

Similarities in Color Preferences Between Women and Men: The Case of Hadza, the Hunter-Gatherers From Tanzania.

Perception 2019 Apr 13:301006619840937. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, Poland.

Evidence for cross-cultural patterns of sexual differences in color preferences raised the question of whether these preferences are determined by universal principles. To address this question, we investigated most- and least-favorite color choices in a nonindustrialized community, the Hadza that has an egalitarian hunter-gatherer culture, fundamentally different from those previously investigated. We also compared color preference patterns in the Hadza with published data from Poland and Papua. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619840937DOI Listing

Effects of Peripheral Gradient of Color Saturation on the Feeling of Being Dazzled.

Authors:
Mitsuhiko Hanada

Perception 2019 Apr 13:301006619842496. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Complex and Intelligent Systems, Future University Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan.

The feeling of being dazzled that is evoked by images consisting of an achromatic uniform center surrounded by regions with a luminance gradient was investigated. The effects of type of color saturation gradient in the peripheral region on the feeling of being dazzled were examined. Stimulus configuration was also varied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619842496DOI Listing

Illusions With Hands, but Not With Balloons - Comparing Ownership and Referral of Touch for a Corporal and Noncorporal Object After Visuotactile Stimulation.

Perception 2019 Apr 2:301006619839286. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

University of Reading Malaysia, Iskandar Puteri, Malaysia.

The rubber hand illusion is a perceptual illusion of perceiving an object like a model hand as part of the own body. The question whether the illusion can be induced with noncorporal objects that do not look like a human body part is not perfectly resolved yet. In this study, we directly assessed the subjective experience of two different components within the illusion (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619839286DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

What Is a Face? Critical Features for Face Detection.

Perception 2019 Apr 2:301006619838734. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Faces convey very rich information that is critical for intact social interaction. To extract this information efficiently, faces should be easily detected from a complex visual scene. Here, we asked which features are critical for face detection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619838734DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Exploring the Jastrow Illusion in Humans ( Homo sapiens), Rhesus Monkeys ( Macaca mulatta), and Capuchin Monkeys ( Sapajus apella).

Perception 2019 Mar 26:301006619838181. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Psychology, The Citadel, Charleston, SC, USA.

In the Jastrow size illusion, two vertically stacked but offset stimuli of identical size are misperceived such that the bottom stimulus is overestimated relative to the top stimulus due to their spatial layout. In this study, we explored whether nonhuman primates perceive this geometric illusion in the same manner as humans. Human adults, rhesus macaques, and capuchin monkeys were presented with a computerized size discrimination task including Jastrow illusion probe trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619838181DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Falling for a Fake: The Role of Kinematic and Non-kinematic Information in Deception Detection.

Perception 2019 Apr 21;48(4):330-337. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Human Movement Sciences, Amsterdam Movement Sciences and Institute of Brain and Behavior Amsterdam, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Kinematic and non-kinematic visual information have been examined in the context of movement anticipation by athletes, although less so in deception detection. This study examined the role of kinematic and non-kinematic visual information in the anticipation of deceptive and non-deceptive badminton shots. Skilled ( n = 12) and less skilled ( n = 12) badminton players anticipated the direction of deceptive and non-deceptive shots presented via video footage displayed in normal (kinematic and non-kinematic information), low (kinematic information emphasized), and high (non-kinematic information emphasized) spatial frequency conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619837874DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Painter in the Head: A New Fallacy?

Authors:
David Rose

Perception 2019 04 18;48(4):283-285. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619836354DOI Listing

Limited Attention Diminishes Spatial Suppression From Large Field Glass Patterns.

Perception 2019 Apr 18;48(4):286-315. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, UK.

Glass patterns (GPs) consist of randomly distributed dot pairs (dipoles) whose orientations are determined by specific geometric transforms. We investigated the role of visuospatial attention in the processing of global form from GPs by measuring the effect of distraction on adaptation to GPs. In the nondistracted condition, observers were adapted to coherent GPs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619835457DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Perceiving Social Cohesion: Movement Synchrony and Task Demands Both Matter.

Perception 2019 Apr 14;48(4):316-329. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Division of Psychology, Sociology & Education, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK.

Previous research has shown that interpersonal synchrony is associated with a number of prosocial effects. We investigated the respective roles of behavioural synchrony and perceived task demands on perceptions of cohesion by performing two experiments in which participants viewed pairs of point-light figures engaging in four coordinated behaviours. Behaviours were seen twice, once in perfect in-phase synchrony and once with synchrony manipulated (phase shift: 180° in Experiment 1 and 45°, 90°, 270°, and 315° in Experiment 2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619837878DOI Listing

Gradients Account for the Thresholds for Perceiving Motion and Depth in Observer-Produced Parallax Displays.

Perception 2019 Apr 7;48(4):338-345. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychology, Centre for Vision Research, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

We examined whether the thresholds of motion and depth perception produced by motion parallax could be specified by the concept of a disparity gradient. We manipulated both the motion parallax amplitude and the angular separation of two dots and calculated the percentages of trials in which participants perceived motion or depth. The results showed that the amplitude of motion parallax for the threshold increased as the separation became larger with the gradients of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619833301DOI Listing

Low-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Right Parietal Cortex Disrupts Perception of Briefly Presented Stimuli.

Perception 2019 Apr 4;48(4):346-355. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Nottingham Trent University, UK.

Right parietal cortex has recently been linked to the temporal resolution of attention. We therefore sought to investigate whether disruption to right parietal cortex would affect attention to visual stimuli presented for brief durations. Participants performed a visual discrimination task before and after 10 minutes repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (1 Hz) to right or central parietal cortex as well as 20 minutes after the second block of trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619834251DOI Listing

Motion-Induced Scotoma.

Perception 2019 Feb;48(2):115-137

Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS-Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France; Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NJ, USA; Department of Psychology, Glendon College, CVR York University, Toronto, ON, Canada.

We investigated artificial scotomas created when a moving object instantaneously crossed a gap, jumping ahead and continuing its otherwise smooth motion. Gaps of up to 5.1 degrees of visual angle, presented at 18° eccentricity, either closed completely or appeared much shorter than when the same gap was crossed by two-point apparent motion, or crossed more slowly, mimicking occlusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619825769DOI Listing
February 2019

Perceptual Errors Support the Notion of Masking by Object Substitution.

Perception 2019 Feb;48(2):138-161

Nottingham Trent University, UK.

Two experiments examined the effect of object substitution masking (OSM) on the perceptual errors in reporting the orientation of a target. In Experiment 1, a four-dot trailing mask was compared with a simultaneous-noise mask. In Experiment 2, the four-dot and noise masks were factorially varied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619825782DOI Listing
February 2019

Unfamiliar Face Matching With Driving Licence and Passport Photographs.

Perception 2019 Feb;48(2):175-184

School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, UK.

Matching two different images of an unfamiliar face is difficult, although we rely on this process every day when proving our identity. Although previous work with laboratory photosets has shown that performance is error-prone, few studies have focussed on how accurately people carry out this matching task using photographs taken from official forms of identification. In Experiment 1, participants matched high-resolution, colour face photos with current UK driving licence photos of the same group of people in a sorting task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619826495DOI Listing
February 2019

Hand-Foot Coupling: An Advantage for Crossed Legs.

Perception 2019 Apr 24;48(4):356-359. Epub 2019 Feb 24.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

It is difficult to perform distinct, simultaneous motor actions with the ipsilateral hand and foot; for example, clockwise circles with the right hand and counter-clockwise circles with the right foot. By chance, we discovered that this hand-foot coupling task is easier when seated with legs crossed. We consider various explanations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619832499DOI Listing

Visual and Hedonic Perception of Food Stimuli in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and their Relationship to Food Neophobia.

Perception 2019 Mar 13;48(3):197-213. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Research Center in Neurosciences of Lyon, Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, France.

The present study examined whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) children differed in visual perception of food stimuli at both sensorimotor and affective levels. A potential link between visual perception and food neophobia was also investigated. To these aims, 11 children with ASD and 11 TD children were tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619828300DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

How the Blind Hear Colour.

Authors:
Armin Saysani

Perception 2019 Mar 12;48(3):237-241. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

School of Psychology and Centre for Brain Research, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Crossmodal correspondences between seemingly independent sensory modalities are often observed in normal participants. For instance, colours commonly map consistently onto pure tones. In this study, we investigated colour-tone mapping in both normal trichromats and in people with congenital blindness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619830940DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

The Neon Fruit Illusion: A Fresh Recipe for Colour Science Demonstrations.

Perception 2019 Mar 7;48(3):242-247. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, UK.

At this year's European Conference on Visual Perception, we debuted a novel colour science demonstration-and visual illusion-for the Un mare di illusioni exhibition. Under carefully curated lighting conditions, cycling through different illuminant spectra, certain fruits and vegetables appear to glow and dim in an unchanging environment. Encouraged by the positive reactions it received, and the numerous and specific questions from conference delegates, we here describe what this illusion is, why we believe it may work, and how this particular low-cost setup may be assembled and demonstrated for the amazement of your friends, students, and members of the public. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618824484DOI Listing

Spatial Frequency Thresholds for Detecting Latent Facial Signals of Threat.

Perception 2019 Mar 6;48(3):214-227. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Brandon University, Canada.

This study examined whether latent facial signals of threat can be detected at more extreme ranges of spatial frequencies (SFs), and thus with fewer frequencies from an optimal middle band for face identification, compared with latent nonthreatening facial signals. Using an adaptive staircase procedure and a two-interval forced-choice same-different task, SF thresholds from the lower and higher ends of the SF spectrum were obtained for nonexpressive threatening and nonthreatening faces. Threatening faces were discriminated from neutral faces more quickly and accurately, and engendered more extreme SF thresholds, compared with nonthreatening faces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619828254DOI Listing

Where Have All the Illusions Gone?

Authors:
Brian Rogers

Perception 2019 03 6;48(3):193-196. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

University of Oxford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619828117DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Early Attentional Capture of Animate Motion: 4-Year-Olds Show a Pop-Out Effect for Chasing Stimuli.

Perception 2019 Mar 6;48(3):228-236. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Preferential attention to animate motion develops early in life, and adults and infants are particularly attuned to chasing motion. Adults can detect chasing objects among up to 10 distractors and are better at detecting a chase among nonchasing distractors than a nonchase among chasing distractors. We tested whether an attentional preference for chasing has developed by the age of 4, and whether 4-year-olds can explicitly point out chasing objects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619828256DOI Listing

Contact Is in the Eye of the Beholder: The Eye Contact Illusion.

Perception 2019 Mar 4;48(3):248-252. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

In a simple experiment, we demonstrate that you don't need to mindfully look at the eyes of your audience to be perceived as making eye contact during face-to-face conversation. Simply gazing somewhere around the face/head area will suffice. Or to borrow a term from Mareschal and colleagues, direct gaze will suffice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006619827486DOI Listing
March 2019
11 Reads
1.114 Impact Factor

Mr Fantastic Meets The Invisible Man: An Illusion of Invisible Finger Stretching.

Perception 2019 Feb 3;48(2):185-188. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Psychology, University of York, UK.

Our brain continually integrates bottom-up sensory signals to create a coherent experience of the body. This bodily experience is also constrained by top-down knowledge of body appearance. However, the extent of these constraints has been challenged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618821068DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

On Surprise-Hacking.

Perception 2019 02 3;48(2):109-114. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

KU Leuven, Belgium; Utrecht University, the Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618822217DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Upper Eye Bias: Rotated Faces Draw Fixations to the Upper Eye.

Perception 2019 Feb 27;48(2):162-174. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.

There is a consistent left-gaze bias when observers fixate upright faces, but it is unknown how this bias manifests in rotated faces, where the two eyes appear at different heights on the face. In two eye-tracking experiments, we measured participants' first and second fixations, while they judged the expressions of upright and rotated faces. We hypothesized that rotated faces might elicit a bias to fixate the upper eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618819628DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.114 Impact Factor

Beauty Is in the Eye of the Beholder: The Appraisal of Facial Attractiveness and Its Relation to Conscious Awareness.

Perception 2019 Jan 19;48(1):72-92. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

School of Psychology, University of Nottingham, UK.

Previous research suggests that facial attractiveness relies on features such as symmetry, averageness and above-average sexual dimorphic characteristics. Due to the evolutionary and sociobiological value of these characteristics, it has been suggested that attractiveness can be processed in the absence of conscious awareness. This raises the possibility that attractiveness can also be appraised without conscious awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618813035DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The role of Peripheral Vision in the Flashed Face Distortion Effect.

Perception 2019 Jan 19;48(1):93-101. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

The flashed face distortion effect is a phenomenon whereby images of faces, presented at 4-5 Hz in the visual periphery, appear distorted. It has been hypothesized that the effect is driven by cortical, rather than retinal, components. Here, we investigated the role of peripheral viewing on the effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618817419DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

"Aha"ptics: Enjoying an Aesthetic Aha During Haptic Exploration.

Perception 2019 Jan 19;48(1):3-25. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of General Psychology and Methodology, University of Bamberg, Germany; Forschungsgruppe EPÆG (Ergonomics, Psychological Æsthetics, Gestalt), Bamberg, Germany; Bamberg Graduate School of Affective and Cognitive Sciences, Germany.

Perceptual insight, like recognizing hidden figures, increases the appreciation of visually perceived objects. We examined this Aesthetic Aha paradigm in the haptic domain. Participants were thinking aloud during haptic exploration of 11 visually nonaccessible panels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618818014DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Warburg Dance Movement Library-The WADAMO Library: A Validation Study.

Perception 2019 Jan 17;48(1):26-57. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

The Warburg Institute, University of London, UK; Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, UK.

The Warburg Dance Movement Library is a validated set of 234 video clips of dance movements for empirical research in the fields of cognitive science and neuroscience of action perception, affect perception and neuroaesthetics. The library contains two categories of video clips of dance movement sequences. Of each pair, one version of the movement sequence is emotionally expressive (Clip a), while the other version of the same sequence (Clip b) is not expressive but as technically correct as the expressive version (Clip a). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618816631DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Effects of Blur and Inversion on the Recognition of Ambient Face Images.

Perception 2019 Jan 8;48(1):58-71. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Center for Visual and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA.

When viewing unfamiliar faces that vary in expressions, angles, and image quality, observers make many recognition errors. Specifically, in unconstrained identity-sorting tasks, observers struggle to cope with variation across different images of the same person while succeeding at telling different people apart. The use of ambient face images in this simple card-sorting task reveals the magnitude of these face recognition errors and suggests a useful platform to reexamine the nature of face processing using naturalistic stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618812581DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Infants Perceive Three-Dimensional Subjective Contours.

Perception 2018 Dec 14;47(12):1153-1165. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Unit of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Bonn, Germany.

The addition of crossed horizontal disparity enhances the clarity of illusory contours compared to pictorial illusory contours and illusory contours with uncrossed horizontal disparity. Two infant-controlled habituation-dishabituation experiments explored the presence of this effect in infants 5 months of age. Experiment 1 examined whether infants are able to distinguish between a Kanizsa figure with crossed horizontal disparity and a Kanizsa figure with uncrossed horizontal disparity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618811051DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Avatars in Pain: Visible Harm Enhances Mind Perception in Humans and Robots.

Perception 2018 Nov 9:301006618809919. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

University of Bremen, Germany.

Previous research has shown that when people read vignettes about the infliction of harm upon an entity appearing to have no more than a liminal mind, their attributions of mind to that entity increased. Currently, we investigated if the presence of a facial wound enhanced the perception of mental capacities (experience and agency) in response to images of robotic and human-like avatars, compared with unharmed avatars. The results revealed that harmed versions of both robotic and human-like avatars were imbued with mind to a higher degree, irrespective of the baseline level of mind attributed to their unharmed counterparts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618809919DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Doppler Illusion Prevails Over Pratt Effect in Risset Tones.

Perception 2018 Nov 7:301006618807338. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

University of Aizu, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan.

Changes in frequency such as those found in Risset tones have been associated with moving sound sources in the vertical plane (Pratt effect) and the horizontal plane (Doppler illusion). We investigated the reported origin and motion of unspatialized Risset tones presented monotically and diotically, and Risset tones simulated to be in the sagittal or coronal plane, approaching or receding, from above or horizontally. Independent of the artificial spatialization used (none, spatializing frequency components collectively or individually, elevated or not), upward glissandi were more likely to be judged as approaching than receding, and downward glissandi as receding than approaching, in most cases from the horizon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618807338DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Haptic Distance Ratio Estimation: The Geometry of Space Within the Hands.

Perception 2018 Oct 29:301006618809937. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Ogden College of Science and Engineering, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY, USA.

In the current study of haptic distance perception, 20 younger (median age: 22 years) and 20 older adults (median age: 72 years) used active touch to estimate distance ratios(one length relative to another). Nine tactile stimuli were created from wooden dowels; each consisted of two perpendicular dowels. The stimulus distance ratios ranged from 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618809937DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Perceived Weight Is Affected by Auditory Pitch Not Loudness.

Authors:
Midori Takashima

Perception 2018 Oct 23:301006618808937. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Iwaki Meisei University, Iwaki City, Japan.

This study examined whether auditory pitch and loudness affect the perception of object's weight. Two series experiments showed that the object with High-Pitch sound was perceived as being lighter than the object with Low-Pitch sound and that the perceived weight was not affected by loudness. Because auditory pitch has a relationship to the weight of an object while loudness has a relationship to the distance of a placed object, the perceived weight was affected by auditory pitch not loudness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618808937DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Investigating the Effects of Tactile Masking and Surface Texture on the Velvet Hand Illusion.

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):1070-1080. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

BKC Research Organization of Social Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan; Yoshika Institute of Psychology, Shimane, Japan.

When we hold thin metallic bars between the palms of our hands and rub the palms against each other, the feeling of touching smooth velvet occurs. Previous studies have shown that tactile motion and pressure on the palms are important for this velvet hand illusion. Interestingly, when we experience this illusion, we cannot feel the texture of our palms as we usually do. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618805335DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Autistic Traits in the Neurotypical Population do not Predict Increased Response Conservativeness in Perceptual Decision Making.

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):1081-1096. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield, UK.

Recent research has shown that adults and children with autism spectrum disorders have a more conservative decision criterion in perceptual decision making compared to neurotypical individuals, meaning that autistic participants prioritise accuracy over speed of a decision. Here, we test whether autistic traits in the neurotypical population correlate with increased response conservativeness. We employed three different tasks; for two tasks we recruited participants from China ( N = 39) and for one task from the United Kingdom ( N = 37). Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0301006618802689
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618802689DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Anchoring Effects in Facial Attractiveness.

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):1043-1053. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Psychology, University of York, UK.

First impressions from faces emerge quickly and shape subsequent behaviour. Given that different pictures of the same face evoke different impressions, we asked whether presentation order affects the overall impression of the person. In three experiments, we presented naturally varying photos of a person's face in ascending (low-to-high) or descending (high-to-low) order of attractiveness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618802696DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Anxiety Body Odors as Context for Dynamic Faces: Categorization and Psychophysiological Biases.

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):1054-1069. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

CINTESIS.UA, Department of Education and Psychology, University of Aveiro, Portugal; William James Research Center, Instituto Universitário, Lisbon, Portugal; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Body odors (BOs) can convey social information. In particular, their effects are maximal when their presence is paired with meaningful social contexts. Static faces have been widely used as social stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618797227DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Perception of Affordances for Stepping Over an Expanse With Crutches.

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):1106-1109. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA.

Perception of possibilities for behavior reflects the task-specific fit between action capabilities and environmental properties. We investigated whether this is so for a behavior that requires spontaneously and temporarily coordinating anatomical components and inert objects into a person-plus-object action system-stepping over an expanse with crutches. We found that perception of this affordance (a) scaled to an anthropometric property of primary relevance to performing this behavior (leg length), (b) reflected the ability to perform this behavior, and that (c) variability in perception decreased with practice perceiving this affordance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618802508DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Development of the Youth Emotion Picture Set.

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):1029-1042. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Several facial expression image sets have been developed. Nevertheless, there is a lack of facial expression sets comprising adolescents' images depicting all basic emotions. This study aimed to fill this gap through the development of an image database of youth facial expressions, containing pictures of six basic emotions plus neutral. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618797226DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Adults' Markers of Face Processing Are Present at Age 6 and Are Interconnected Along Development.

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):1002-1028. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Special Education, Edmond J. Safra Brain Research Center, University of Haifa, Israel.

Recent studies on the development of face processing argue for a late, quantitative, domain-specific development of face processing, and face memory in particular. Most previous findings were based on separately tracking the developmental course of face perception skills, comparing performance across different age groups. Here, we adopted a different approach studying the mechanisms underlying the development of face processing by focusing on how different face skills are interrelated over the years (age 6 to adulthood). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618794943DOI Listing
November 2018
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Effect of Visual Attention on Binocular Fusion Limits.

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):1097-1105. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Centre for Vision Research, York University, Canada.

We examined the effect of visual attention on binocular fusion limits by using Posner's spatial cueing paradigm that entails cued shifts of attentional focus. Results showed that attention decreases the fusion limit. Observers perceived diplopia of a binocular line within +/-26. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618796719DOI Listing
November 2018
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Visual Illusions as a Tool for Dissociating Seeing From Thinking: A Reply to Braddick (2018).

Perception 2018 Oct-Nov;47(10-11):999-1001. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618796348DOI Listing
August 2018
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Becoming Familiar With a Newly Encountered Face: Evidence of an Own-Race Advantage.

Perception 2018 Aug;47(8):807-820

Department of Psychology, Brock University, St Catharines, Canada.

Adults' ability to match identity in images of unfamiliar faces is impaired for other- compared with own-race faces; their ability to match identity in images of familiar faces is independent of face race. Exposure to within-person variability in appearance plays a key role in face learning. Past research suggests that children need exposure to higher levels of variability than adults to learn a new face-a difference that has been attributed to experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618783915DOI Listing
August 2018
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Working Memory-Driven Attention in Real-World Search.

Perception 2018 Sep 29;47(9):966-975. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Psychology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

People's attention is well attracted to stimuli matching their working memory. This memory-driven attentional capture has been demonstrated in simplified and controlled laboratory settings. The present study investigated whether working memory contents capture attention in a setting that closely resembles real-world environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618791688DOI Listing
September 2018
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Sensual Light? Subjective Dimensions of Ambient Illumination.

Perception 2018 Sep 22;47(9):909-926. Epub 2018 Jul 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.

This work concerns the subjective impression of perceived illumination. The purpose of the study is to test attributes expressing qualitative experiences referring to ambient lighting that can be applied as descriptors. Seventy participants viewed an actual model room, with the fourth wall removed (viewing booth). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618787737DOI Listing
September 2018
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The Effect of Transient Location on the Resolution of Bistable Visual and Audiovisual Motion Sequences.

Perception 2018 Sep 20;47(9):927-942. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

We examined the attention and inference accounts of audiovisual perception using the stream/bounce display, a visual stimulus wherein two identical objects move toward each other, completely superimpose, then move apart. This display has two candidate percepts: stream past each other or bounce off each other. Presented without additional visual or auditory transients, the motion sequence tends to yield the streaming percept, but when coupled with a tone or flash at the point of coincidence, the response bias flips toward bouncing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618788796DOI Listing
September 2018
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Personality Traits Do Not Predict How We Look at Faces.

Perception 2018 Sep 18;47(9):976-984. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Psychology, Queen Mary University of London, UK.

While personality has typically been considered to influence gaze behaviour, literature relating to the topic is mixed. Previously, we found no evidence of self-reported personality traits on preferred gaze duration between a participant and a person looking at them via a video. In this study, 77 of the original participants answered an in-depth follow-up survey containing a more comprehensive assessment of personality traits (Big Five Inventory) than was initially used, to check whether earlier findings were caused by the personality measure being too coarse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0301006618788754DOI Listing
September 2018
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