1,033 results match your criteria Peptostreptococcus Infection


Potential risk factors and outcomes of infection with multidrug resistance among diabetic patients having ulcers: 7 years study.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2019 Jan - Feb;13(1):414-418. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Former Professor of Endocrinology and Dean, Faculty of Medicine, Ex-Director, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Diabetes and Endocrinology, Former Dean, Faculty of Medicine, J.N. Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 202002, India; Consultant, Diabetes and Superspeciality Center, Central Tower Ground Floor, Kela Nagar Chauraha, Aligarh, 202002, India.

Diabetes Mellitus is characterized as a hyperglycemic condition, which results due to alteration in the secretion of insulin or action of insulin. The development and spread of microorganisms is known as a key health concern, and such cases are growing drastically in hospitals and communities. Therefore, the study aims to determine the potential risk factors and infection outcomes among diabetic patients with multi drug resistance, who are suffering from foot ulcerations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2018.10.014DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

A Case Report of Vertebral Osteomyelitis Caused by Peptostreptococcus micros.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 May-Jun;8(3):7-9

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Introduction: Anaerobic vertebral osteomyelitis has been reported rarely. In this report, we describe an extremely rare case of a patient who suffered from vertebral osteomyelitis caused by Peptostreptococcus micros.

Case Report: A 73-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus was admitted to our hospital with a 5-month history of severe low back pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298707PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Necrotizing Myositis: A Rare Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection Involving Muscle.

Wounds 2018 Dec;30(12):E116-E120

Department of Surgery, NYU Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, NY.

Introduction: Necrotizing myositis (NM) is an extremely rare necrotizing soft tissue infection involving muscle. Unlike similar infections (eg, necrotizing fasciitis, clostridial myonecrosis) that can be more readily diagnosed, NM can have a benign presentation then rapidly progress into a life-threatening condition with a mortality rate of 100% without surgical intervention.

Case Report: A 74-year-old man with a history of prostate cancer with radiation therapy, seed implants, and 2 transurethral resection procedures presented to the emergency department after a fall. Read More

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December 2018
16 Reads

Clinical and microbiological features of bacteraemia with Gram-positive anaerobic cocci: a population-based retrospective study.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Infection Medicine, Lund, Sweden; Skåne University Hospital, Division of Infection Medicine, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:

Objectives: Gram-positive, anaerobic cocci (GPAC) can cause infections in humans. Only a few cases of bacteraemia with GPAC have been reported. We describe the clinical and microbiological characteristics of GPAC bacteraemia. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1198743X183062
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2018.09.001DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Parvimonas micra bacteremia following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: A new route of infection.

Anaerobe 2018 Dec 11;54:136-139. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Microbiology and Virology Unit, University Hospital Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Turin, Italy.

Parvimonas micra is an anaerobic, Gram-positive coccus belonging to oral, gastrointestinal and genital flora, rarely causing infections in humans. It was mainly deemed to cause bacteremia, septic bone and cerebral infections in patients which have undergone dental procedures or with suboptimal dental hygiene. We report the first case of Parvimonas micra bacteremia following endoscopic retrograde colangiopancreatography performed due to choledocholithiasis in a patient with good oral health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anaerobe.2018.09.003DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

A Retrospective Analysis of Anaerobic Bacteria Isolated in 236 Cases of Pleural Empyema and their Prevalance of Antimicrobial Resistance in Turkey.

Clin Lab 2018 Jul;64(7):1269-1277

Background: Parapneumonic effusions usually occur secondary to an infection and produce pus (empyema) that accumulates in the pleural space. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of anerobes in patients with empyema and to assess their resistance patterns for seven antimicrobials.

Methods: Pleural fluid specimens from 236 patients were inoculated on Schaedler agar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7754/Clin.Lab.2018.180317DOI Listing
July 2018
21 Reads

HPV infection and bacterial microbiota in the placenta, uterine cervix and oral mucosa.

Sci Rep 2018 Jun 28;8(1):9787. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology, Institute of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

We investigated the association between HPV infection and bacterial microbiota composition in the placenta, uterine cervix and mouth in thirty-nine women. HPV DNA genotyping of 24 types was conducted using Multimetrix. Microbiota composition was characterized by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27980-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6023934PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Peptostreptococcus canis and Bacteroides pyogenes prosthetic joint infection.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBiS), Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena/Universidad de Sevilla/Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Sevilla, España.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0213005X183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eimc.2018.05.004DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Association Between Bacteremia From Specific Microbes and Subsequent Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer.

Gastroenterology 2018 08 3;155(2):383-390.e8. Epub 2018 May 3.

State Key Laboratory of Digestive Disease, Institute of Digestive Disease, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, and CUHK Shenzhen Research Institute, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Colorectal cancer (CRC) development has been associated with increased proportions of Bacteroides fragilis and certain Streptococcus, Fusobacterium, and Peptostreptococcus species in the intestinal microbiota. We investigated associations between bacteremia from specific intestinal microbes and occurrence of CRC.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study after collecting data on 13,096 adult patients (exposed group) in Hong Kong hospitalized with bacteremia (identified by blood culture test) without a previous diagnosis of cancer from January 1, 2006 through December 31, 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2018.04.028DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Bacterial diversity in the feces of dogs with CPV infection.

Microb Pathog 2018 Aug 27;121:70-76. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, 510642, People's Republic of China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Prevention and Control for Severe Clinical Animal Diseases, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, 510642, People's Republic of China; Guangdong Provincial Pet Engineering Technology Research Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, 510642, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Canine parvovirus (CPV) is a contagious disease in dogs that has high morbidity and mortality. In cases of infection, the pups tend to have a higher mortality and more severe clinical symptoms than the adult dogs because the dehydration is difficult for pups to bear. Following the natural infection, there is a rapid antibody response neutralizing the extracellular virus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2018.04.043DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Ageing with HIV - a periodontal perspective.

New Microbiol 2018 Jan;41(1):61-66

School of Dental Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

The importance of oral microflora composition in HIV-infected patients is well recognized. However, no studies so far have dealt with age-related changes in periodontal pathogens occurrence in HIV+ individuals. The aim of the present study was to assess and compare temporal changes of bacteria frequency in younger (≤35 years) and older (≥50 years) HIV-infected and non-infected individuals. Read More

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January 2018
13 Reads

Teenage boy with high fever and rash: what could we be missing?

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Feb 8;2018. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Pediátrico de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

A 15-year-old boy was admitted to a local hospital with high fever, generalised rash and a mild sore throat. He was started on intravenous flucloxacillin and 12 hours later develops a sustained low diastolic blood pressure (DBP), unresponsive to fluid volume expansion and cardiovascular support with dopamine. Intravenous clindamycin was added and transportation to paediatric intensive care unit arranged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223497DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

Anaerobic bacterial meningitis in adults.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Apr 1;50:45-50. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Anaerobic infection is a very uncommon condition in adult bacterial meningitis (ABM), and its clinical characteristics have yet to be clarified. We enrolled 540 patients with culture-proven bacterial meningitis during a study period of 30 years (1986-2015), of whom 13 (2.4%) had anaerobic infections. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09675868173188
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.01.014DOI Listing
April 2018
16 Reads

Fournier's Gangrene: Clinical Presentation of 13 Cases.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Jan 28;24:548-555. Epub 2018 Jan 28.

Department of General, Oncological and Functional Urology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

BACKGROUND Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a fulminant form of infective, polymicrobial, necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, genital, and perianal regions. It commonly affects men, but women and children may also develop this type of tissue necrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study is a retrospective analysis of the management of 13 cases of Fournier's gangrene, diagnosed from among about 45 000 patients (men, women, and children) treated in the Department of General, Oncological, and Functional Urology (Medical University of Warsaw) from 1995 to 2013. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5798415PMC
January 2018
10 Reads

Risk of Infection After Allograft Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Are Nonprocessed Allografts More Likely to Get Infected? A Cohort Study of Over 10,000 Allografts.

Am J Sports Med 2018 Mar 3;46(4):846-851. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Orthopaedics, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Baldwin Park, California, USA.

Background: Allograft tissue is frequently used in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). It is often irradiated and/or chemically processed to decrease the risk of disease transmission, but some tissue is aseptically harvested without further processing. Irradiated and chemically processed allograft tissue appears to have a higher risk of revision, but whether this processing decreases the risk of infection is not clear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546517745876DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads

The oral microbiome-the relevant reservoir for acute pediatric appendicitis?

Int J Colorectal Dis 2018 Feb 22;33(2):209-218. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Leipzig, Liebigstr. 20A, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Purpose: The oral microbiome has been related to numerous extra oral diseases. Recent studies detected a high abundance of oral bacteria in inflamed appendices in pediatric patients. To elucidate the role of oral bacteria in acute pediatric appendicitis, we studied the oral and appendiceal microbiome of affected children compared to healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-017-2948-8DOI Listing
February 2018
8 Reads

Subdural empyema caused by Peptostreptococcus sp.: a complication of acute pharyngitis.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2017 Dec 21;59:e83. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, United States.

Subdural Empyema (ESD) is the collection of purulent fluid that develops between the exterior "dura mater" layer and the middle "arachnoid mater" layer that covers the brain. ESD can be caused by a primary infection located in the paranasal sinuses. In many aerobic and/or anaerobic bacterial cases, hearing or traumatic processes serve as the causative agent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-9946201759083DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5738768PMC
December 2017
7 Reads

Human Infection with without Jugular Venous Thrombosis: A Varied Presentation of Lemierre's Syndrome.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2017 24;2017:5358095. Epub 2017 Oct 24.

Critical Care Department, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Lemierre's syndrome is also known as postangina septicemia, which is commonly caused by also known as Necrobacillus and also by other microorganisms like , , , and . Though the disease starts as an upper respiratory tract infection, it may spread and cause thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. It may present itself through cranial nerve palsy or sepsis involving distant organs like the lungs or bones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5358095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5674496PMC
October 2017
15 Reads

[Pathogen analysis in patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis using 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2017 Nov;37(11):1448-1455

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China. E-mail:

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of pathogenic microorganisms in the infected bone tissues in patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) using 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing to facilitate rapid and accurate detection of pathogens and effective infection control.

Methods: Between September, 2016 and April, 2017, 16 patients with DFO were admitted in our department and infected bone specimens were obtained during debridement. The pathogenic microorganisms in the specimens were identified using both 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing and automatic blood culture analyzer, and the characteristics of the microflora were analyzed based on 16S rRNA sequencing data in comparison with the results of blood culture. Read More

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November 2017
14 Reads

Fusobacterium emphysematous pyomyositis with necrotizing fasciitis of the leg presenting as compartment syndrome: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2017 Nov 28;11(1):332. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, 60612, IL, USA.

Background: Fusobacterium necrophorum is a common agent of disease in humans, but the occurrence of primary infections outside the head and neck area is extremely rare. While infection with Fusobacterium necrophorum has a rather benign course above the thorax, the organism is capable of producing very severe disease when located in unusual sites, including various forms of septic thrombophlebitis. No infections of the leg have been documented before; thus, antibiotic coverage for Fusobacterium is currently not recommended in this area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-017-1493-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5704428PMC
November 2017
22 Reads

Pyogenic Brain Abscess Caused by Peptostreptococcus in a Patient with HIV-1 Infection.

Diseases 2017 Nov 17;5(4). Epub 2017 Nov 17.

Gilead Sciences, Miami, FL 33136, USA.

In the setting of HIV, cerebral lesions are usually secondary to lymphoma and opportunistic infections; however, in patients with CD4 counts above 200 cells/uL, other pathologies such as pyogenic brain abscess could gain importance. The microbiology of pyogenic brain abscess has and as the leading etiologic pathogens in immunocompetent individuals. is also recognized as a common cause of brain abscess in this patient population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diseases5040026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5750537PMC
November 2017
4 Reads

Septic arthritis of knee joint due to micra.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Nov 14;2017. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, Peoria, Illinois, USA.

species are anaerobic, Gram-positive cocci that are a constituent of normal oral and gastrointestinal flora. We present a case of right knee joint septic arthritis due to in an immunocompromised patient. A 61-year-old male renal and pancreatic transplant recipient on immunosuppressive therapy was admitted to our hospital due to intense pain, joint swelling and inability to move his right knee over the past 9 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-221926DOI Listing
November 2017
10 Reads

Activities of Pexiganan and 10 Comparator Antimicrobials against 502 Anaerobic Isolates Recovered from Skin and Skin Structure Infections.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2017 12 22;61(12). Epub 2017 Nov 22.

R. M. Alden Research Laboratory, Culver City, California, USA.

Pexiganan, a cationic peptide, exhibited a broad range of anti-anaerobic antimicrobial activity. The MICs of studied isolates were as follows: , 16 μg/ml; other group spp., 4 μg/ml; and spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01401-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5700356PMC
December 2017
20 Reads

Bacterial isolates and antimicrobial susceptibilities from odontogenic abscesses in rabbits: 48 cases.

Vet Rec 2017 Nov 6;181(20):538. Epub 2017 Oct 6.

Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, UC Davis Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California, Davis, California, USA.

The medical record database of a veterinary teaching hospital was searched from 2000 through 2014 for records of client-owned rabbits with positive cultures from odontogenic abscesses. Data reviewed included sex, age, abscess location, sampling technique, previous antimicrobial treatments, microorganisms identified and antibiotic susceptibility of aerobic bacteria. Forty-eight client owned rabbits with one or more odontogenic abscesses and culture results were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.103996DOI Listing
November 2017
12 Reads

Factors Associated with Choice and Success of One- Versus Two-Stage Revision Arthroplasty for Infected Hip and Knee Prostheses.

HSS J 2017 Oct 26;13(3):224-231. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Toronto, 26 Laidlaw St, Toronto, Ontario M6K1X2 Canada.

Background: Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) of hip and knee arthroplasties are becoming increasingly common with an aging population and an increasing demand for these procedures. Despite attempts at standardization, medical and surgical approaches vary widely among practitioners.

Questions/purposes: We first sought to determine if there were specific factors associated with choice of one- versus two-stage revision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11420-017-9550-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5617816PMC
October 2017
7 Reads

Spondylodiscitis due to Parvimonas micra diagnosed by the melting temperature mapping method: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2017 08 23;17(1):584. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

Department of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences for Research, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

Background: It has been suggested that more than 100 bacterial species can be identified using only seven universal bacterial primer sets in the melting temperature (Tm) mapping method and that these findings can be obtained within 3 h of sterile site collection.

Case Presentation: A 67-year-old Japanese man with type 2 diabetes visited our hospital complaining of progressive lower back pain for 2 months. The patient was suspected to have spondylodiscitis on magnetic resonance imaging of the spine. Read More

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http://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1287
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-017-2690-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5569488PMC
August 2017
33 Reads

Odontogenic orbital abscess with intracranial and pulmonary involvement.

Orbit 2017 Dec 16;36(6):459-461. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Mater Misericordiae University Hospital , Dublin , Republic of Ireland.

A 58-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with left ptosis and complete ophthalmoplegia. Imaging demonstrated a left orbital abscess. Her past medical history included cavitatory lung disease and "aseptic" meningitis 2 months previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2017.1337193DOI Listing
December 2017
3 Reads

Bacterial communities found in placental tissues are associated with severe chorioamnionitis and adverse birth outcomes.

PLoS One 2017 12;12(7):e0180167. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Preterm birth is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Bacterial infection and the subsequent inflammatory response are recognised as an important cause of preterm birth. It is hypothesised that these organisms ascend the cervical canal, colonise placental tissues, cause chorioamnionitis and in severe cases infect amniotic fluid and the foetus. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0180167PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5507499PMC
September 2017
18 Reads

Odontogenic orbital cellulitis associated with cavernous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2017 Jun 20;11(1):164. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Eye Clinic, Melegnano Hospital, Vizzolo Predabissi, Milan, Italy.

Background: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis.

Case Presentation: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-017-1309-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5477346PMC
June 2017
28 Reads

Dipping into the Clostridium difficile pool: Are alcohol-based dispensers fomites for C difficile?

Am J Infect Control 2017 Nov 7;45(11):1279-1280. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Baylor Scott & White Health, Scott & White Medical Center, Temple, TX.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate alcohol-based dispensers as potential fomites for Clostridium difficile. A convenience sample of 120 alcohol-based dispensers was evaluated for the presence of C difficile either by culture or polymerase chain reaction for C difficile toxin. The results demonstrated that C difficile was not cultured, and C difficile toxin was not detected using polymerase chain reaction; however, gram-positive rods, Clostridium perfringens, Pantoea agglomerans, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, Peptostreptococcus, Bacillus spp, and microaerophilic Streptococcus were present within the overflow basins of the alcohol-based dispensers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.04.284DOI Listing
November 2017
43 Reads

-associated septic arthritis and osteomyelitis in a woman with osteoarthritis and diabetes mellitus.

BMJ Case Rep 2017 Jun 2;2017. Epub 2017 Jun 2.

Infectious Diseases, St. Paul Infectious Disease Associates Ltd, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

, a Gram-positive obligatory anaerobic coccus, is a commensal of the human vagina and gut and can be an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised patients. It is usually part of polymicrobial anaerobic infections such as skin and soft tissue infections in diabetics, bone and joint infections and surgical site infections; however, infections caused by in pure culture have been reported as well. Herein, we describe a case of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis caused by in a woman with osteoarthritis and diabetes mellitus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-219969DOI Listing
June 2017
8 Reads

Isolation of bacteria from diabetic foot ulcers with special reference to anaerobe isolation by simple two-step combustion technique in candle jar.

Indian J Med Res 2017 Jan;145(1):97-101

Department of Microbiology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research, Kolkata, India.

Background & Objectives: Although polymicrobial infections involving both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria are very common in diabetic foot ulcers, in many centres of developing countries, anaerobes are rarely isolated due to technical difficulties. This can be overcome by using a new simple, innovative technique of a combination of candle combustion and use of acidified copper-coated steel wool, as reported here.

Methods: In-house developed method was used in a prospective clinico-microbiological study for anaerobes from randomly selected 43 patients with diabetic foot ulcers along with conventional method of anaerobic culture in GasPak system and aerobic culture by standard laboratory procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1436_14DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5460581PMC
January 2017
17 Reads

Case of pacemaker pocket infection caused by Finegoldia magna.

Anaerobe 2017 Oct 25;47:135-136. Epub 2017 May 25.

Department of Infectious Disease, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai St. Luke's and Mount Sinai West Hospital Center, New York, NY, United States.

Finegoldia magna (formerly called Peptostreptococcus magnus) is a Gram-positive anaerobic coccus which is increasingly recognized as an opportunistic pathogen. We present a case of F. magna associated non-valvular cardiovascular device-related infection in an 83 year-old male who received a permanent pacemaker for sick sinus syndrome seven weeks prior to his presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anaerobe.2017.05.011DOI Listing
October 2017
26 Reads
2.479 Impact Factor

Pleural effusion due to Parvimonas micra. A case report and a literature review of 30 cases.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2017 Aug 24;30(4):285-292. Epub 2017 May 24.

Fernando Cobo, Department of Microbiology, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves Avda Fuerzas Armadas, 2 18014 Granada, Spain.

The clinical and microbiological characteristics of infections caused by Parvimonas micra is described, including 30 cases in the literature and a new case handled at the present centre. Out of the 31 patients, 18 were male; mean age at diagnosis was 65.1 ± 13. Read More

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August 2017
7 Reads

Recurrence of Deep Surgical Site Infection in Cerebral Palsy After Spinal Fusion Is Rare.

Spine Deform 2017 05;5(3):208-212

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, 601 N. Caroline Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address:

Study Design: Retrospective review of prospective registry.

Objectives: To assess the following in children with cerebral palsy (CP) who develop deep surgical site infection (DSSI) after spinal fusion: (1) rate of infection recurrence after treatment; (2) treatments used; (3) radiographic outcomes; and (4) differences in Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD) scores versus those of children with no infection (NI).

Summary Of Background Data: Studies show high rates of surgical site infection in patients with CP but do not address late recurrence or quality-of-life effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2016.12.004DOI Listing
May 2017
5 Reads

Efficacy of tedizolid against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Peptostreptococcus anaerobius in thigh mixed-infection mouse model.

J Infect Chemother 2017 Jun 23;23(6):368-373. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Department of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Japan; Department of Infection Control and Prevention, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Japan; Department of Pharmacy, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the antimicrobial activity of human simulated exposures of tedizolid 200 mg daily, and linezolid 600 mg every 12 h for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infection (cSSSI) caused by MRSA and Peptostreptococcus anaerobius in both the neutropenic mice thigh mixed-infection models.

Material And Method: Tedizolid phosphate and linezolid were used for all in vivo testing. A total of one MRSA and two P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2017.02.013DOI Listing
June 2017
9 Reads

Performance of two blood culture systems to detect anaerobic bacteria. Is there any difference?

Anaerobe 2017 Jun 7;45:59-64. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Institute of Clinical Microbiology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

We studied the performance characteristics of two blood culture (BC) bottles/systems, (i) BacT/ALERT-FN Plus/3D (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Étoile, France) and (ii) BACTEC-Lytic/9000 (Becton Dickinson, Sparks, USA) for detection of growth and time-to-positivity (TTP) against a balanced and diverse collection of anaerobic bacterial strains (n = 48) that included reference strains (n = 19) and clinical isolates (n = 29) of 32 species (15 Gram-negative and 17 Gram-positive). Standard suspension of bacteria was inoculated to each bottle in duplicates and incubated in the corresponding system. Overall, 62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anaerobe.2017.03.006DOI Listing
June 2017
7 Reads

Specific Infectious Organisms Associated With Poor Outcomes in Treatment for Hip Periprosthetic Infection.

J Arthroplasty 2017 06 26;32(6):1984-1990.e5. Epub 2017 Jan 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Background: Periprosthetic hip infection treatment remains a significant challenge for orthopedics. Some studies have suggested that methicillin resistance and gram-negative organism type are associated with increased treatment failure. The aim of this research is to determine if specific organisms were associated with poor outcomes in treatment for hip periprosthetic infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2017.01.027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5440199PMC
June 2017
12 Reads

Temporomandibular total joint prosthesis infections: a ten-year retrospective analysis.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 May 1;46(5):596-602. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

A retrospective review of 178 total temporomandibular joint replacements (TJR) performed on 106 patients at the University of Alabama at Birmingham during the years 2000-2010 was completed. Data regarding sex, past medical history, prosthesis manufacturer, microbiology, antibiotic therapy, and the need for additional procedures were obtained from the medical records of patients who developed a prosthetic joint infection following TJR. Of the 106 patients, 95 (89. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2017.01.005DOI Listing
May 2017
6 Reads

Bacteraemia due to Parvimonas micra, a commensal pathogen, in a patient with an oesophageal tumour.

BMJ Case Rep 2016 Nov 18;2016. Epub 2016 Nov 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario de Mostoles, Mostoles, Madrid, Spain.

A man aged 53 years was admitted to our hospital due to general malaise, fever and chills for the past 24 hours. He had a history of chronic alcoholic liver disease. The blood tests showed leucocytosis with neutrophilia, lactic acidosis and acute-phase reactants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2016-217740DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5129023PMC
November 2016
33 Reads

Septic arthritis caused by Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus.

Acta Reumatol Port 2016 Jul-Sep;41(3):271-272

Peptostreptococcus spp are commensal organisms, usually involved in periodontal disease. Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus is an anaerobic gram-negative cocci, difficult to isolate due to its slow growth. Septic arthritis by this microorganism is a rare entity, but it can occur by hematogenous dissemination from a distant focus. Read More

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October 2017
4 Reads

A case of Finegoldia magna (formerly Peptostreptococcus magnus) infection mimicking disseminated malignancy.

Int J Infect Dis 2016 Dec 19;53:12-14. Epub 2016 Oct 19.

Nevill Hall Hospital, Brecon Road, Abergavenny, NP7 7EG, UK.

A 44-year-old alcoholic (and therefore immunocompromised) hospital cleaner presented with general malaise, weight loss, and erythematous skin nodules. Computed tomography scanning revealed a neck mass invading the thyroid gland, pulmonary infiltrates, liver lesions, and deposits on the anterior abdominal wall, consistent with disseminated malignancy. However, tissue diagnosis showed a necro-inflammatory process with no evidence of malignancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2016.10.006DOI Listing
December 2016
6 Reads

Bacteria in the apical root canals of teeth with apical periodontitis.

J Formos Med Assoc 2017 Jun 10;116(6):448-456. Epub 2016 Oct 10.

Department of Dentistry, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Dentistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Dentistry & Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Bacteria in the tooth root canal may cause apical periodontitis. This study examined the bacterial species present in the apical root canal of teeth with apical periodontitis. Antibiotic sensitivity tests were performed to evaluate whether these identified bacterial species were susceptible to specific kinds of antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2016.08.010DOI Listing
June 2017
7 Reads

Bacterial diversity of symptomatic primary endodontic infection by clonal analysis.

Braz Oral Res 2016 Oct 10;30(1):e103. Epub 2016 Oct 10.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba Dental School, Endodontics Division, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to explore the bacterial diversity of 10 root canals with acute apical abscess using clonal analysis. Samples were collected from 10 patients and submitted to bacterial DNA isolation, 16S rRNA gene amplification, cloning, and sequencing. A bacterial genomic library was constructed and bacterial diversity was estimated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2016.vol30.0103DOI Listing
October 2016
8 Reads

[Intramedullary Abscess of the Cervical Spinal Cord Caused by Advanced Periodontitis:Case Report].

No Shinkei Geka 2016 Aug;44(8):685-9

Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Iwate Medical University.

We describe the case of a 60-year-old man with an intramedullary abscess of the cervical spinal cord caused by advanced periodontitis. He suddenly developed severe neck pain and rapidly progressive palsy of the left upper arm. T2-weighted sagittal magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)revealed a hyperintense area extending from C1 to C6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436203354DOI Listing
August 2016
3 Reads

Microbial flora of odontogenic abscesses in pet guinea pigs.

Vet Rec 2016 Oct 23;179(13):331. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

Avian and Exotic Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého tř. 1946/1, Brno 61242, Czech Republic.

Abscesses of odontogenic origin in guinea pigs pose a serious health problem and need to be treated with a combination of surgical and medical therapy. The aim of this prospective study was to describe the microbial flora of odontogenic abscesses associated with osteomyelitis in 24 pet guinea pigs, to perform antibiotic sensitivity testing, and to make recommendations for practitioners on the antibiotics of first choice. Inclusion criteria for the study included the animal being diagnosed with an odontogenic abscess which underwent surgery and was not pre-treated with an antibiotic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.103551DOI Listing
October 2016
4 Reads

Molecular Identification of Cultivable Bacteria From Infected Root Canals Associated With Acute Apical Abscess.

Braz Dent J 2016 May-Jun;27(3):318-24

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics Division, Piracicaba Dental School, UNICAMP - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Piracicaba SP , Brazil.

The objective of this study was to investigate the bacterial composition present in root canals of teeth associated with acute apical abscess by molecular identification (16S rRNA) of cultivable bacteria. Two hundred and twenty strains isolated by culture from 20 root canals were subjected to DNA extraction and amplification of the 16S rRNA gene (PCR), followed by sequencing. The resulting nucleotide sequences were compared to the GenBank database from the National Center of Biotechnology Information through BLAST. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-6440201600715DOI Listing
March 2017
8 Reads

Use of an Innovative Simple Method for Anaerobiosis in the Diagnosis and Management of Infections in Two Unusual Cases.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2016 Jan-Feb;6(1):56-8

Department of Microbiology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Technical limitations restrict routine anaerobe isolation from clinical materials in resource-limited laboratories. An innovative two steps combustion candle jar technique may be suitable for such setup. This system was tried with one case of chronic osteomyelitis developed on supracondyler compound fracture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2141-9248.180275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4849118PMC
May 2016
5 Reads

Microbiology of Root Canal Infections.

Prim Dent J 2016 May;5(2):84-89

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Inflammatory reaction in the periapical tissues is induced by microbial infection in the root canal system. The aim of root canal treatment is to preserve healthy periapical tissues or to provide healing of them in restorable teeth, which have sufficient periodontal support. The amount of microbial cells in the root canal system and their virulence as well as host responses influence on the degree of periapical inflammation and symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/205016816819304231DOI Listing
May 2016
10 Reads