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    1 OF 14

    The Value of Direct Immunofluorescence on Proteinase-Digested Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Skin Biopsies.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Pathology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, UMass Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, MA.
    Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) on frozen tissue (DIF-F) is the method of choice for the identification of immune deposits present in skin and other tissues. DIF can also be performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue (DIF-P) after antigen retrieval with proteases and has proven to be of value in renal pathology. However, its utility in skin biopsies has not been fully examined. Read More

    Autoimmune Bullous Disease in Childhood.
    Indian J Dermatol 2017 Jul-Aug;62(4):440
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Background: Autoimmune bullous disorders (AIBDs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases which are rarely seen in children. Studies concerning the immunobullous diseases in pediatric patients are scarce.

    Aims And Objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical features and treatment outcomes of AIBDs in children. Read More

    Evaluation of Autoimmune Bullous Diseases in Elderly Patients in Iran: A 10-Year Retrospective Study.
    Skinmed 2017 1;15(3):175-180. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Department of Dermatology, Autoimmune Bullous Diseases Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Autoimmune bullous diseases (ABDs) are uncommon but significant skin disorders with relatively high morbidity and mortality. Some surveys have been carried out to describe the spectrum of ABDs in a region, but this is the first that has focused on ABDs in elderly patients. This study was conducted to determine the clinicoepidemiologic features of ABDs in elderly patients. Read More

    Possible triggering factors and comorbidities in newly diagnosed autoimmune bullous diseases.
    Turk J Med Sci 2017 Jun 12;47(3):832-840. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey.
    Background/aim: The distribution and the demographic, etiological, and clinical features of autoimmune bullous diseases (ABDs) vary according to geographic regions of the world. The limited number of reported studies in Turkey are mostly retrospective and generally include only pemphigus. The aim of our study was to evaluate the demographic data, clinical features, associated triggering factors, and comorbidities in patients newly diagnosed with ABDs. Read More

    Correlation between IL36α and IL17 and Activity of the Disease in Selected Autoimmune Blistering Diseases.
    Mediators Inflamm 2017 10;2017:8980534. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Immunopathology, Chair of Allergy, Immunology and Dermatology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.
    Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), bullous pemphigoid (BP), and pemphigus vulgaris (PV) are autoimmune bullous skin conditions with eosinophilic and neutrophilic infiltrations. While cytokines are crucial for the affinity and activation of different leukocyte cells in the inflammation and blister formation, there are no studies concerning a role of IL-36. The goal of the study was to analyze whether interleukin 36 is involved in pathogenesis of DH, BP, and PV. Read More

    Pediatric Pemphigus Herpetiformis: Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2017 May;34(3):342-346
    Dermatology Program, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Pemphigus herpetiformis (PH) is a rare autoimmune bullous condition usually seen in adults and likely underrecognized in children. We describe a 2-year-old girl who presented with a chronic, generalized, blistering rash consistent with pediatric PH based on histology and immunohistochemistry and review the literature. Prognosis is generally more favorable in children than adults. Read More

    Case of shift from linear immunoglobulin A bullous dermatosis to pemphigus herpetiformis for a short period of time.
    J Dermatol 2017 Feb 5;44(2):189-193. Epub 2016 Nov 5.
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.
    Pemphigus herpetiformis (PH) is a rare variant of pemphigus characterized by erythemas and vesicles, tending to present with annular-shaped lesions. Immunologically, immunoglobulin (Ig)G deposition at the keratinocyte cell surfaces is observed. Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is a rare subepidermal blistering disease with linear IgA deposits at the epidermal basement membrane zone (BMZ). Read More

    A study of clinical, histopathological and direct immunofluorescence diagnosis in pemphigus group Utility of direct immunofluorescence.
    Bratisl Lek Listy 2017 ;118(4):243-249
    Aims: To determine the diagnostic accordance between histopathological and direct immunofluorescence diagnosis of patients with autoimmune vesiculobullous skin diseases.

    Background: The term pemphigus refers to a group of autoimmune blistering diseases mediated by auto-antibodies directed against desmoglein proteins. The differentiation between the various bullous diseases is important for treatment and prognosis. Read More

    Meeting Report of the Pathogenesis of Pemphigus and Pemphigoid Meeting in Munich, September 2016.
    J Invest Dermatol 2017 Jun 5;137(6):1199-1203. Epub 2017 Apr 5.
    Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany.
    Autoimmune blistering diseases are a heterogeneous group of about a dozen complex disorders that are characterized by intraepidermal (pemphigus) and subepidermal blistering (pemphigoid diseases and dermatitis herpetiformis). The Pathogenesis of Pemphigus and Pemphigoid Meeting, organized by the Departments of Dermatology in Lübeck and Marburg and the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Munich, was held in September 2016 in Munich. The meeting brought together basic scientists and clinicians from all continents dedicating their work to autoimmune blistering diseases. Read More

    The Inpatient Burden of Autoimmune Blistering Disease in US Children: Analysis of Nationwide Inpatient Sample Data.
    Am J Clin Dermatol 2017 Apr;18(2):287-297
    Departments of Dermatology, Preventive Medicine and Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Suite 1600, 676 N. St. Clair St., Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.
    Background: Little is known about the epidemiology of pediatric autoimmune blistering disorders (PAIBD).

    Objective: We sought to determine the inpatient burden and comorbidities of PAIBD.

    Methods: We analyzed data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2012, which contained a representative 20% sample of all US hospitalizations. Read More

    Research Techniques Made Simple: Mouse Models of Autoimmune Blistering Diseases.
    J Invest Dermatol 2017 Jan;137(1):e1-e6
    Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany. Electronic address:
    Autoimmune blistering diseases are examples of autoantibody-mediated, organ-specific autoimmune disorders. Based on a genetic susceptibility, such as a strong HLA-class II association, as yet unknown triggering factors induce the formation of circulating and tissue-bound autoantibodies that are mainly directed against adhesion structures of the skin and mucous membranes. Compared with other autoimmune diseases, especially systemic disorders, the pathogenicity of autoimmune blistering diseases is relatively well described. Read More

    Pemphigus herpetiformis-type drug reaction caused by erdosteine containing mucolytic in a child.
    Cutan Ocul Toxicol 2017 Sep 23;36(3):302-304. Epub 2016 Nov 23.
    b Department of Pathology , Ankara Ataturk Training and Research Hospital , Ankara , Turkey.
    Drug-related pemphigus is very rare in children. Erdosteine is a thiol compound having mucoactive, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antitussive effects and is reported to be safe for treatment of acute respiratory tract diseases in children. Herein, we report a 9-year-old boy presented with pemphigus herpetiformis associated with anti-desmoglein 1 antibodies due to erdosteine consumption. Read More

    Incidence of autoimmune bullous diseases in Serbia: a 20-year retrospective study.
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2016 Oct;14(10):995-1005
    Institute of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Background And Objectives: While most previous surveys on the clinico-epidemiological features of autoimmune bullous diseases (AIBDs) have predominantly focused on a single disease entity or just one disease group, there have been only few studies examining the incidence of various AIBDs. In the present study, we set out to determine the spectrum of AIBDs, to estimate the incidence of the most common AIBDs, and to examine their temporal trends in Central Serbia over a period of 20 years.

    Methods: We retrospectively recruited 1,161 new AIBD cases diagnosed in Central Serbia during the period from January 1991 to December 2010. Read More

    Inzidenz von bullösen Autoimmunerkrankungen in Serbien: eine retrospektive Studie über 20 Jahre.
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2016 Oct;14(10):995-1006
    Institut für Sozialmedizin, Medizinische Fakultät, Universität Belgrad, Belgrad, Serbien.
    Hintergrund Und Ziele: Die meisten früheren Arbeiten zu den klinisch-epidemiologischen Merkmalen von bullösen Autoimmunerkrankungen (AIBD) konzentrierten sich vor allem auf eine einzige Krankheitsentität oder nur eine Krankheitsgruppe; nur in wenigen Studien wurde die Inzidenz verschiedener AIBD untersucht. Bei der vorliegenden Studie war es unser Ziel, das gesamte Spektrum der AIBD zu betrachten, die Inzidenz der häufigsten AIBD zu ermitteln und die zeitlichen Trends ihres Auftretens in Zentralserbien über einen Zeitraum von 20 Jahren zu untersuchen.

    Methoden: Wir rekrutierten retrospektiv 1161 AIBD-Fälle, die in Zentralserbien von Januar 1991 bis Dezember 2010 neu diagnostiziert wurden. Read More

    Decreased fibrinolytic potential and morphological changes of fibrin structure in dermatitis herpetiformis.
    J Dermatol Sci 2016 Oct 6;84(1):17-23. Epub 2016 Jul 6.
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Dermatooncology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address:
    Background: Recently, high prevalence of cryofibrinogenaemia has been observed in plasma of untreated dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) patients, and the pathological IgA and TG3 deposits in the papillary dermis were found to co-localize with fibrin and fibrinogen.

    Objective: To study the fibrinolytic potential in plasma of untreated, dapsone and or/gluten-free diet treated DH patients as well as the in vitro effect of dapsone on the fibrinolytic profile.

    Method: Plasma samples of 23 DH patients, 19 healthy subjects and 5 pemphigus vulgaris patients were investigated by a turbidimetric-clot lysis assay. Read More

    Oral and vulvovaginal changes in pregnancy.
    Clin Dermatol 2016 May-Jun;34(3):353-8. Epub 2016 Mar 2.
    Department of Dermatology, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
    Physiologic alterations of the oral and vulvovaginal mucosal surfaces result from the profound hormonal and immunologic changes of gestation. High estrogen levels are responsible for the vascular changes noted on mucosal surfaces. Gingival hyperemia and edema, gingivitis and pyogenic granuloma are the most common alterations of the oral mucosa during gestation. Read More

    Utility of Direct Immunofluorescence Studies in Subclassification of Autoimmune Sub-Epidermal Bullous Diseases: A 2-Year Study in a Tertiary Care Hospital.
    Turk Patoloji Derg 2016 ;32(2):91-8
    Department of Pathology Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College and Hospital, SANGLI, INDIA.
    Objective: Sub-epidermal bullous disorders belong to immunobullous diseases which develop as a result of autoantibody action against epidermal basement membrane proteins. Clinically, they are tense bullae and do not rupture easily. They are classified into various forms based on histopathology and direct immunofluorescence patterns. Read More

    Pemphigus in North-Western Yemen: A therapeutic study of 75 cases.
    Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2016 May-Jun;82(3):359
    Department of Dermatology, Saudi Hospital, Hajjah, Republic of Yemen.
    Background: The incidence of pemphigus, though not documented, seems to be quite high in Yemen. There is no universal consensus on the treatment of this disease.

    Aims: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and side effects of different therapeutic regimens used in patients of pemphigus in North-Western Yemen. Read More

    A Case of Pemphigus Herpetiformis with Only Immunoglobulin G Anti-Desmocollin 3 Antibodies.
    Ann Dermatol 2016 Feb 28;28(1):102-6. Epub 2016 Jan 28.
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Research Institute, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Pemphigus represents a group of autoimmune blistering diseases caused by autoantibodies against desmogleins (Dsgs), a class of desmosomal cadherins. Recently, several pemphigus patients only with desmocollin (Dsc) 3-specific antibodies have been reported. Here, we report a case of pemphigus herpetiformis (PH), where only anti-Dsc3-specific antibodies but not anti-Dsg antibodies were detected. Read More

    Spectrum of autoimmune vesiculobullous diseases in Iran: a 13-year retrospective study.
    Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2016 11;9:15-20. Epub 2016 Jan 11.
    Psoriasis Research Center, Department of Dermatology, Farshchian Hospital, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
    Background: Autoimmune bullous diseases (ABDs) represent a group of rare, acquired disorders characterized by overlapping features with involvement of the skin and mucous membranes, resistance to treatment, and potential lethality that comprise pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid (BP), epidermolysis bullosa, dermatitis herpetiformis, and linear immunoglobulin A bullous dermatosis.

    Aim: The main aim of this study was to identify the epidemiologic characteristics and clinical courses of these common diseases in Hamadan, Iran. Few surveys have been carried out to demonstrate the whole spectrum of ABDs in the literature. Read More

    Literature-based immunization recommendations for patients requiring immunosuppressive medications for autoimmune bullous dermatoses.
    Int J Dermatol 2016 Jun 29;55(6):599-607. Epub 2015 Dec 29.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
    Autoimmune bullous diseases, such as pemphigus, pemphigoid, and dermatitis herpetiformis, are uniquely associated with vulnerability in the mucocutaneous barrier against infection. The management of immunobullous diseases is complex and may at times require immunosuppressive medications. Iatrogenic immunosuppression may increase susceptibility to vaccine-preventable illnesses. Read More

    Bullous diseases: Kids are not just little people.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Nov-Dec;33(6):644-56. Epub 2015 Sep 14.
    Departments of Dermatology & Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 161 Fort Washington Avenue, 12th Floor, New York, NY, 10032, USA. Electronic address:
    Bullous diseases may be rare; however, this does not preclude the clinician from being familiar with their manifestations and treatment. After ruling out infection, genetically inherited blistering diseases are more likely to be the cause of blistering or erosions in the neonatal period, whereas immunobullous diseases are more common in adults. Published literature on immunobullous disorders reflects information gleaned from case reports and open-label case series; prospective studies and evidence-based treatments are limited. Read More

    [Expression of transient receptor potential lvanilloidreceptor 4 protein in autoimmune bullous skin disorders].
    Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2015 Aug;35(9):1349-51
    Department of Dermatology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an 710004, China.E-mail:
    Objevtive: To investigate the expression of transient receptor potential lvanilloidreceptor 4 (TRPV4) protein in pemphigus vulgaris (PV), bullous pemphigoid (BP), dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), and explore the role of TRPV4 in the pathogenesis of these diseases.

    Methods: TRPV4 protein in normal skin tissues and lesions of PV, BP, DH, and EBA were detected with immunohistochemistry.

    Results: The positivity rate of TRPV4 protein expression was 61. Read More

    Retrospective Study on Autoimmune Blistering Disease in Paediatric Patients.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2015 Nov-Dec;32(6):845-52. Epub 2015 Sep 22.
    Division of Dermatology, National University Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.
    Background: Autoimmune blistering diseases (AIBDs) are rare in children and their prevalence in Singapore is unclear. We aimed to investigate the clinical and immunopathologic characteristics of children diagnosed with AIBDs in Singapore.

    Materials And Methods: The clinical and histology databases at the National Skin Centre in Singapore were searched to identify patients younger than 18 years old diagnosed with an AIBD from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2012. Read More

    Transplacental Transmission of Pemphigus Herpetiformis in the Setting of Maternal Lymphoma.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2015 Nov-Dec;32(6):e234-7. Epub 2015 Jul 27.
    Division of Pediatric Dermatology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
    Pemphigus herpetiformis (PH) is characterized by grouped vesicular or papular pruritic lesions with histologic and immunopathologic features of pemphigus. PH can manifest at any age, and paraneoplastic cases have been reported. We describe a healthy boy born with acral crateriform erosions of the hands and feet whose 35-year-old mother had similar lesions. Read More

    Role of direct immunofluorescence in dermatological disorders.
    Indian Dermatol Online J 2015 May-Jun;6(3):172-80
    Department of Dermatology, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Background: Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) test for tissue-bound autoantibodies, has been found to be of value in the diagnosis of several dermatological disorders. The location and pattern of deposition of immunoreactants helps in classifying various immune-mediated diseases.

    Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the concordance between the clinical, histopathological and DIF diagnosis in bullous and nonbullous lesions of the skin, and thus determine the impact of immunofluorescence on diagnosis. Read More

    Quality of life index in autoimmune bullous dermatosis patients.
    An Bras Dermatol 2015 Mar-Apr;90(2):190-4
    Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Autoimmune bullous dermatoses are complex diseases triggered by autoantibodies action against epidermal antigens or the dermoepidermal junction. Blisters and vesicles that evolve with erosion areas characterize them. Although rare, they present high morbidity, affecting the quality of life of patients. Read More

    Anti-desmocollin autoantibodies in nonclassical pemphigus.
    Br J Dermatol 2015 Jul 28;173(1):59-68. Epub 2015 May 28.
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, and Kurume University Institute of Cutaneous Cell Biology, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka, 830-0011, Japan.
    Background: Despite the established pathogenic role of anti-desmoglein (Dsg) antibodies in classical pemphigus, the significance of autoantibodies to another desmosomal cadherin, desmocollin (Dsc) is at present unknown. No consistent immunoassay for immunoglobulin (Ig) G autoantibodies to Dscs has been developed.

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop reliable assays to detect anti-Dsc autoantibodies. Read More

    Pemphigus herpetiformis: a case series and review of the literature.
    Int J Dermatol 2015 Sep 20;54(9):1014-22. Epub 2015 Jan 20.
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Background: Pemphigus herpetiformis (PH) is a rare subtype of pemphigus that presents challenges in diagnosis.

    Objective: To review the presentation, diagnosis, and management of PH.

    Methods: We reviewed the charts of all patients diagnosed and treated for PH in an immunobullous referral center between September 2007 and June 2013. Read More

    Immunofluorescence testing in the diagnosis of autoimmune blistering diseases: overview of 10-year experience.
    An Bras Dermatol 2014 Nov-Dec;89(6):885-9
    Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Immunofluorescence testing is an important tool for diagnosing blistering diseases.

    Objective: To characterize the immunofluorescence findings in patients diagnosed with autoimmune blistering skin diseases.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed immunofluorescence results encompassing a 10-year period. Read More

    A Cross-sectional Study of Direct Immunofluorescence in the Diagnosis of Immunobullous Dermatoses.
    Indian J Dermatol 2014 Jul;59(4):364-8
    Department of Pathology, Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune, India.
    Background: Autoimmune blistering diseases are a group of bullous disorders characterized by pathogenic antibodies directed at the target antigens, which are components of the desmosomes or adhesion complex at the dermoepidermal junction. Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) is invaluable in the diagnosis of these lesions.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of DIF in immunobullous dermatoses and to study the pattern of DIF. Read More

    Chronic desquamative gingivitis in siblings: A report of two cases.
    J Indian Soc Periodontol 2014 May;18(3):385-9
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, Terna Dental College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Desquamative gingivitis is a gingival response associated with a variety of clinical conditions and characterized by intense erythema, desquamation and ulceration of free and attached gingiva. A variety of diseases such as lichen planus, pemphigus, pemphigoid, dermatitis herpetiformis, linear IgA disease, lupus erythematosus, erythema multiformae manifest clinically as desquamative gingivitis. Of all the disease entities, Lichen Planus is a relatively common disorder affecting the skin and mucous membrane. Read More

    Autoimmune blistering dermatoses as systemic diseases.
    Clin Dermatol 2014 May-Jun;32(3):364-75. Epub 2013 Nov 22.
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical Faculty, Medical University-Sofia, 1 Georgi Sofiiski Boulevard, 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria.
    Autoimmune blistering dermatoses are examples of skin-specific autoimmune disorders that can sometimes represent the cutaneous manifestation of a multiorgan disease due to potential common pathogenic mechanisms. As soon as a distinct autoimmune blistering dermatosis is diagnosed, it is imperative to consider its potential systemic involvement, as well as the autoimmune and inflammatory conditions that are frequently associated with it. In paraneoplastic pemphigus/paraneoplastic autoimmune multiorgan syndrome, the internal organs (particularly the lungs) are affected by the autoimmune injury. Read More

    Evidence for a role of autoantibodies to heat shock protein 60, 70, and 90 in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis.
    Cell Stress Chaperones 2014 Nov 19;19(6):837-43. Epub 2014 Mar 19.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Lübeck, Germany,
    Heat shock proteins (Hsp) are highly conserved immunomodulatory molecules upregulated when cells are exposed to stressful stimuli, such as inflammation. Their involvement in various autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune bullous diseases and celiac disease, has been increasingly recognized. To further study the role of Hsp in autoimmune bullous diseases, we have investigated for the first time the humoral autoimmune response to Hsp40, Hsp60, Hsp70, and Hsp90 in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH; n = 26), bullous pemphigoid (BP; n = 23), and pemphigus vulgaris (PV; n = 16), the first representing a cutaneous manifestation of celiac disease. Read More

    Paraneoplastic pemphigus with eosinophilic spongiosis and autoantibodies against desmocollins 2 and 3.
    Clin Exp Dermatol 2014 Apr;39(3):323-6
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario La Princesa, Madrid, Spain.
    Paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) is an autoimmune blistering disease associated with neoplasms, typically lymphoproliferative disorders. PNP is characterized clinically by painful erosive stomatitis and polymorphous skin lesions. Histopathological findings are also very varied, and include lichen planus-like and pemphigus-like changes. Read More

    Non-classical forms of pemphigus: pemphigus herpetiformis, IgA pemphigus, paraneoplastic pemphigus and IgG/IgA pemphigus.
    An Bras Dermatol 2014 Jan-Feb;89(1):96-106
    Federal University of São Paulo, Paulista School of Medicine, Dermatology and Pathology Departments, São PauloSP, Brazil, Pathologist. Masters Degree and PhD. Dermatopathologist at the Dermatology and Pathology Departments, Paulista School of Medicine - Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP) - São Paulo (SP), Brazil.
    The pemphigus group comprises the autoimmune intraepidermal blistering diseases classically divided into two major types: pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceous. Pemphigus herpetiformis, IgA pemphigus, paraneoplastic pemphigus and IgG/IgA pemphigus are rarer forms that present some clinical, histological and immunopathological characteristics that are different from the classical types. These are reviewed in this article. Read More

    Clinical and immunological profiles in 17 Japanese patients with drug-induced pemphigus studied at Kurume University.
    Br J Dermatol 2014 Sep 27;171(3):544-53. Epub 2014 Aug 27.
    Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, and Kurume University Institute of Cutaneous Cell Biology, 67 Asahimachi, Kurume, Fukuoka, 830-0011, Japan.
    Background: Drug-induced pemphigus (DIP) shows clinical, histopathological and immunological features of pemphigus. However, little is known about immunological profiles in DIP.

    Objectives: To characterize clinical and immunological profiles in patients with DIP. Read More

    A Cross-sectional Study of Clinical, Histopathological and Direct Immunofluorescence Spectrum of Vesiculobullous Disorders.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2013 Dec 15;7(12):2788-92. Epub 2013 Dec 15.
    Professor and Head, Department of Pathology, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College , Bangalore, Karnataka, India .
    Background: Accurate diagnosis of vesiculobullous lesions of skin requires evaluation of clinical, histopathologic and immunofluorescence findings.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study of 68 patients to evaluate the clinical, histopathological and direct immunofluorescence (DIF) features in the diagnosis of cutaneous vesiculobullous disorders. The patients with vesiculobullous lesions were subjected to clinical examination regarding socio-demographic and clinical data. Read More

    A review of the current literature and a guide to the early diagnosis of autoimmune disorders associated with neuromyelitis optica.
    Autoimmunity 2014 May 10;47(3):154-61. Epub 2014 Feb 10.
    The Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery , Liverpool , UK and.
    Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an immune-mediated neurological disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. A serum biomarker, aquaporin-4 IgG, the autoantibody against aquaporin-4 water channel, has been specifically associated with NMO and has assisted early recognition and prediction of relapses. Less commonly, a monophasic course, associated with antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein has been reported. Read More

    Pemphigus herpetiformis: from first description until now.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2014 Apr 25;70(4):780-7. Epub 2014 Jan 25.
    Department of Dermatology and Immunodermatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Pemphigus herpetiformis is one of the less common forms of pemphigus, first introduced by Jabłońska and colleagues in 1975. This autoimmune bullous disease combines the clinical features of dermatitis herpetiformis and the immunologic characteristics of pemphigus. The target autoantigen is usually desmoglein 1 (or less frequently desmoglein 3), although recently it has become increasingly obvious that patients with pemphigus herpetiformis also demonstrate autoantibodies against desmocollin. Read More

    IgG/IgA pemphigus reactive with desmoglein 1 with additional undetermined reactivity with epidermal basement membrane zone.
    Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2014 Jan-Feb;80(1):46-50
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
    IgG/IgA pemphigus is an extremely rare subset of pemphigus, showing anti-keratinocyte cell surface antibodies of both IgG and IgA classes. Herein, we describe a unique case of IgG/IgA pemphigus with clinical features of edematous erythema and peripheral vesiculopustules. Histopathology showed the presence of subcorneal pustules and acantholytic blisters in the mid-epidermis with neutrophilic infiltration and eosinophilic spongiosis. Read More

    Ribosomal protein s6-ps240 is expressed in lesional skin from patients with autoimmune skin blistering diseases.
    N Am J Med Sci 2013 Oct;5(10):604-8
    Georgia Dermatopathology Associates, Atlanta, Georgia.
    Background: The in situ signaling transduction within skin biopsies from patients affected by autoimmune skin blistering diseases is not well-characterized.

    Aim: In autoimmune skin blistering diseases, autoantibodies seem to trigger several intracellular signaling pathways and we investigated the presence of the phosphorylated form of ribosomal protein S6-pS240 within autoimmune skin blistering diseases biopsies.

    Materials And Methods: We utilized immunohistochemistry to evaluate the presence of S6-pS240 in lesional skin biopsies of patients affected by autoimmune skin blistering diseases including patients with an endemic and nonendemic pemphigus foliaceus (non EPF), with bullous pemphigoid (BP), pemphigus vulgaris (PV), dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), and the respective controls. Read More

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