14,924 results match your criteria Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(4):940-947


Objective: The aim: To carry out a statistical analysis of physical and reproductive health characteristics in women after ineffective reattempts of using assisted reproductive technologies and identify significant medical and social factors contributing to the development of chronic endometritis.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: We carried out a statistical analysis involving 177 outpatient medical records: group 1 includes 127 women aged under 45 with two or more ineffective attempts of in vitro fertilization; group 2 comprised 50 healthy women without reproductive disorders. The complete physical exam included past history, clinical and gynecologic examination, lab techniques and medical imaging according to outpatient medical records obtained during the follow-up care in Isida-IVF Medical Center LLC. Read More

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Olena I Krotik

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(4):896-901


Objective: The aim: To identify the characteristics of the vaginal microbiota, cervical and uterine flora in women with the past history of sexually transmitted infections.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: A prospective study and the analysis of the vaginal microbiota, cervical and uterine flora were conducted in 96 women of reproductive age with infertility after the past history of STIs, who planned to get pregnant using ART. Together they made up the group I (main group) and the CG included 30 women of reproductive age, who planned pregnancy without a compromised reproductive history. Read More

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Development and Validation of a Pediatric MRI-Based Perianal Crohn Disease (PEMPAC) Index-A Report from the ImageKids Study.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Radiology Department, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: As part of the prospective multicenter ImageKids study, we aimed to develop and validate the pediatric MRI-based perianal Crohn disease (PEMPAC) index.

Methods: Children with Crohn disease with any clinical perianal findings underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging at 21 sites globally. The site radiologist and 2 central radiologists provided a radiologist global assessment (RGA) on a 100 mm visual analog scale and scored the items selected by a Delphi group of 35 international radiologists and a review of the literature. Read More

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Candida Spondylitis Considered as Microbial Substitution After Multiple Surgeries for Postoperative Lumbar Spine Infection.

Cureus 2021 May 12;13(5):e14995. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, JPN.

spondylitis is a relatively rare disease. The primary risk factor is an immunocompromised status. Here, we report an immunocompetent patient who developed spondylitis. Read More

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Effect of comprehensive nursing intervention on serum inflammatory factors and quality of life in patients with pelvic inflammatory disease.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(5):5554-5560. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Gynecology, Zhoushan Women and Children Hospital Zhoushan 316000, Zhejiang Province, China.

Objective: To explore the improvement of quality of life of patients with pelvic inflammatory disease by comprehensive nursing intervention.

Methods: Altogether 118 patients with pelvic inflammatory disease admitted to our hospital from February 2018 to December 2019 were obtained and grouped into the control group (CG) and the experimental group (EG). The CG was given routine nursing and the EG was given comprehensive nursing intervention. Read More

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Therapeutic Applications of Functional Nanomaterials for Prostatitis.

Front Pharmacol 2021 28;12:685465. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Urology, Guangzhou Institute of Urology, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Prostatitis is a common disease in adult males, with characteristics of a poor treatment response and easy recurrence, which seriously affects the patient's quality of life. The prostate is located deep in the pelvic cavity, and thus a traditional infusion or other treatment methods are unable to easily act directly on the prostate, leading to poor therapeutic effects. Therefore, the development of new diagnostic and treatment strategies has become a research hotspot in the field of prostatitis treatment. Read More

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Uterine Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Neoplasms With Aggressive Behavior, Including an Epithelioid Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Sarcoma: A Clinicopathologic Study of 9 Cases.

Am J Surg Pathol 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer, Houston, TX Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

The experience with uterine inflammatory myofibroblastic neoplasms with an unfavorable outcome is limited. We present the clinicopathologic features of 9 such cases, including 8 inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) and 1 epithelioid inflammatory myofibroblastic sarcoma (EIMS). Median patient age for the IMT group was 50. Read More

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The negative impact of most relevant infections on fertility and Assisted Reproduction Technology.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Science and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Infections may act with variable impact on the physiopathology of the reproductive organs, determining infertility or reducing the outcomes of assisted reproduction technology. The aim of this narrative review is to describe the existing evidence regarding the pathogens with a supposed or recognized role in reproductive medicine. Viral hepatitis, as HIV, can reduce sperm quality. Read More

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Cryotherapy Produces Pain Relief in Young People with Primary Dysmenorrhea.

Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Bioscience and Health Posgraduate Program, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, Brazil.

Primary dysmenorrhea is characterized as painful menstruation without associated pelvic disease and has been considered common among young people of reproductive age. Cryotherapy is a technique aimed at analgesia and anti-inflammatory action. The objective of this study was to analyze the analgesic efficacy of cryotherapy in sedentary youth with primary dysmenorrhea. Read More

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The Effect of Combined Vitamin C and Vitamin E Supplementation on Oxidative Stress Markers in Women with Endometriosis: A Randomized, Triple-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.

Pain Res Manag 2021 26;2021:5529741. Epub 2021 May 26.

Applied Biomedical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Endometriosis is a chronic and estrogen-dependent pelvic inflammatory disease, which may have various causes, such as oxidative stress. Dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and pelvic pain are well-known symptoms of endometriosis. The present clinical trial assessed the role of supplementation with antioxidant vitamins on the indices of oxidative stress as well as the severity of pain in women with endometriosis. Read More

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Tubal factor infertility and its impact on reproductive freedom of African American women.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI.

In the past, the reproductive freedom of African American women was hindered by forced reproduction and sterilization campaigns. Unfortunately, these involuntary practices have now mostly been replaced by inequality because of disproportionate tubal factor infertility rates within African American communities. Our work aimed to describe the inequities in increased rates of pelvic inflammatory disease and tubal factor infertility as it relates to African American women. Read More

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Prevalence and Epidemiology of Mycoplasma genitalium in a Pacific-Region Military Population.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 Jan 29. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

1Department of Clinical Investigation, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 2Department of Pediatrics, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 3Department of Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 4Department of Pathology, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI.

Background: Mycoplasma genitalium is an important emerging sexually transmitted pathogen commonly causing urethritis in men, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease in women with potential of infertility. Accumulating evidence identifies the prevalence of M. genitalium similar to long recognized pathogens, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Read More

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January 2021

: test positivity in syndromic presentations and clinicians' adherence with treatment guidelines at Sydney Sexual Health Centre.

Int J STD AIDS 2021 Jun 9:9564624211022583. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

() is associated with urethritis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, proctitis and epididymitis. Its treatment is complicated by antimicrobial resistance. To assess clinicians' adherence to diagnostic testing recommendations for syndromic presentations, as well as resistance-guided management of at Sydney Sexual Health Centre, we reviewed patients presenting between August and December 2018. Read More

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Characteristics of pelvic inflammatory disease caused by sexually transmitted disease - An epidemiologic study.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 Jun 1;50(9):102176. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel; affiliated with Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Introduction: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the upper genital organs, diagnosed by clinical findings. The nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) identify sexually transmitted (STD) pathogens from endocervical swabs, via real time PCR. This study explored the prevalence of STD detected by NAAT for women with PID. Read More

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MiR-378b Modulates -Induced Upper Genital Tract Pathology.

Pathogens 2021 May 7;10(5). Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry & Immunology, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA.

Genital infection causes severe reproductive pathologies such as salpingitis and pelvic inflammatory disease that can lead to tubal factor infertility. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are evolutionarily conserved regulators of mammalian gene expression in development, immunity and pathophysiologic processes during inflammation and infection, including infection. Among the miRNAs involved in regulating host responses and pathologic outcome of infection, we have shown that miR-378b was significantly differentially expressed during primary infection and reinfection. Read More

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Incarceration and Subsequent Pregnancy Loss: Exploration of Sexually Transmitted Infections as Mediating Pathways.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Division of Comparative Effectiveness and Decision Science, Department of Population Health, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Incarceration is linked to risk of sexually transmitted infection (STI) postrelease among women. There has been little examination of incarceration's association with related sexual and reproductive outcomes such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and pregnancy loss, or the role of STI in this relationship and whether these relationships differ between Black and White women. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we examined cross-sectional associations between incarceration (Wave IV; 2007-2008; ages 24-34) and history of STI and PID ( = 5,968), and longitudinal associations between incarceration and later pregnancy loss in mid-adulthood (Wave V; 2016-2018; ages 34-43) among women who had ever been pregnant ( = 2,353); we estimated racial differences. Read More

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Intrauterine devices as an exposure risk for urinary tract infections: A scoping review.

Am J Reprod Immunol 2021 May 30:e13476. Epub 2021 May 30.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Background: The intrauterine device (IUD) as a potential source of uro-gynecologic infection has raised concern for decades. While a causal link between IUD and pelvic inflammatory disease has been refuted, the relationship between IUDs and urinary tract infections (UTIs) remains incompletely understood.

Methods: We used a PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library search strategy to identify studies evaluating UTI occurrence and microbial signatures among women exposed to IUD. Read More

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High Pgp3 Chlamydia trachomatis seropositivity, pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility among women, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2013-2016.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Chlamydia trachomatis causes pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and tubal infertility. Pgp3 antibody (Pgp3Ab) detects prior chlamydial infections. We evaluated for an association of high chlamydial seropositivity with sequelae using a Pgp3Ab multiplex bead array (Pgp3AbMBA). Read More

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How prevalent are symptoms and risk factors of pelvic inflammatory disease in a sexually conservative population.

Reprod Health 2021 May 28;18(1):109. Epub 2021 May 28.

School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Background: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the inflammation of the adnexa of the uterus, that mainly manifests in a subclinical/chronic context and goes largely underreported. However, it poses a major threat to women's health, as it is responsible for infertility and ectopic pregnancies, as well as chronic pelvic pain. Previous studies in Jordan have not reported PID, attributed mainly to the social structure of the country which largely represents a sexually conservative population. Read More

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Where to go to in chlamydia control? From infection control towards infectious disease control.

Sex Transm Infect 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The clinical and public health relevance of widespread case finding by testing for asymptomatic chlamydia infections is under debate. We wanted to explore future directions for chlamydia control and generate insights that might guide for evidence-based strategies. In particular, we wanted to know the extent to which we should pursue testing for asymptomatic infections at both genital and extragenital sites. Read More

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Hospital care of endometriosis in Spain: a retrospective multicenter analysis of patient characteristics and costs.

Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 2021 Jun 7:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Health Economics, BCN Health Economics & Outcomes Research S.L., Barcelona, Spain.

: Despite the potential serious outcomes associated with endometriosis, few data is available describing the real clinical practice and costs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of patients diagnosed with endometriosis in Spain, to measure incidences within the hospital setting and the associated medical costs.: Admission records of patients with endometriosis registered between 2009 and 2018 were obtained from a Spanish hospital discharge database and analyzed in a retrospective multicenter study. Read More

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The intersect of gastrointestinal symptoms and malnutrition associated with anorexia nervosa and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder: Functional or pathophysiologic?-A systematic review.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 Jun 27;54(6):1019-1054. Epub 2021 May 27.

ACUTE at Denver Health, Denver, Colorado, USA.

Objective: Although multiple pathophysiologic changes develop within the gastrointestinal (GI) system in the setting of malnutrition, the etiology of the reported multitude of symptoms in those with anorexia nervosa and avoidant restrictive intake disorder, as well as their contribution toward disordered eating, remain poorly understood. This systematic review seeks to better understand how these physiologic changes of malnutrition of the esophagus, stomach, intestines, and pancreas contribute toward the reported GI symptoms, as well as better understand how celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, pelvic floor dysfunction, and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome contribute toward disordered eating.

Methods: Studies of any design exploring the pathogenesis of complications and treatment strategies were included. Read More

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O-RADS MRI score: analysis of misclassified cases in a prospective multicentric European cohort.

Eur Radiol 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Objective: To retrospectively review the causes of categorization errors using O-RADS-MRI score and to determine the presumptive causes of these misclassifications.

Methods: EURAD database was retrospectively queried to identify misclassified lesions. In this cohort, 1194 evaluable patients with 1502 pelvic masses (277 malignant / 1225 benign lesions) underwent standardized MRI to characterize adnexal masses with histology or 2 years' follow-up as a reference standard. Read More

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Hysteroscopic Removal of Intrauterine-retained Suture Material Causing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.

Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther 2021 Apr-Jun;10(2):121-123. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Retained intrauterine objects are rare causes of persistent vaginal discharge and pelvic inflammatory disease. Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive technique used for removing these materials. A 47-year-old female who had recurrent vaginal discharge was admitted to our emergency department with pelvic pain. Read More

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Innocent until proven guilty: acute on chronic tubal torsion mimicking pelvic inflammatory disease.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 17;2021(5):rjab187. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Joondalup Health Campus, Joondalup, WA, Australia.

Acute pelvic pain is a common complaint in reproductive age women and has a large differential diagnosis. Decision for conservative vs. surgical management is often dependent on clinical, biochemical and imaging findings. Read More

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Performance of a rapid molecular test to detect Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in women with pelvic inflammatory disease.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Institut de Salut Global Barcelona - ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Microbiology, Biomedical Diagnostic Center (CDB), Hospital Clínic of Barcelona, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) in women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and the usefulness and cost-effectiveness of a rapid molecular test for the diagnosis and clinical management of PID.

Methods: This observational study included 75 patients with mild-to-moderate PID (n=33), severe PID (n=29) and non-specific lower abdominal pain (NSAP) (n=13). CT/NG infections were analyzed using a standard and a rapid test. Read More

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Hemodynamic changes in cytokines, chemokines, acute phase proteins and prostaglandins in mares with subclinical endometritis.

Theriogenology 2021 Sep 14;171:38-43. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Giza, Egypt. Electronic address:

Apparently healthy mares with conception failure or embryonic loss may have subclinical endometritis (SE). Our objective was to document evidence of systemic immune responses against SE in mares. In apparently healthy (control) mares as well as those with chronic endometritis (ChE) or subacute suppurative endometritis (SSE), both considered classes of SE, serum concentrations of cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF), chemokines (IL-8), acute phase protein (SAA), and plasma concentrations of prostaglandins (PGF and PGE) were measured using validated enzyme linked immunoassays (EIA). Read More

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September 2021

Trends in time-to-pregnancy in the USA: 2002 to 2017.

Hum Reprod 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Study Question: Has there been there a temporal change in time-to-pregnancy (TTP) in the USA.

Summary Answer: Overall, TTP was stable over time, but a longer TTP for women over 30 and parous women was identified.

What Is Known Already: Fertility rates in the USA have declined over the past several years. Read More

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Pelvic and Lumbar Pain Revealing Bone Sarcoidosis: A Case Report.

Clin Med Insights Case Rep 2021 3;14:11795476211014788. Epub 2021 May 3.

Radiology and Imaging Department, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Hassan II, University Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Morocco.

A 54-years-old woman suffered from a bilateral pelvic and lumbar pain. She had a systemic investigation shows a diffuse bone lesions. A biopsy of iliac bone was done and revealed sarcoidosis. Read More

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Adiponectin Alleviates Intestinal Fibrosis by Enhancing AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Phosphorylation.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 26 Yuancun Er Heng Rd., Guangzhou, 510655, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Background: Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn's disease (CD). Adiponectin reportedly exerts anti-inflammatory effects in various disease models, including colitis models.

Aims: In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of adiponectin on intestinal fibrosis and the underlying mechanisms. Read More

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