15,421 results match your criteria Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings of gynaecologic emergencies: A pictorial essay.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Radiology, University of Yamanashi, Chuo-shi, Yamanashi, Japan.

Gynaecologic emergencies include diseases resulting from adnexal and uterine disorders. Some emergencies are life threatening; however, they often have non-specific symptoms and physical findings. Thus, imaging diagnosis is important for evaluating these conditions. Read More

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Colorectal Carcinoma in the Background of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2022 Jan-Dec;10:23247096221106755

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso, TX, USA.

Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is a common malignancy with steadily declining incidence rates and mortality, secondary to improved screening and lifestyle changes (eg, decreased smoking rates). The association between pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and CRC has been unclear in the past. However, multiple studies showed a positive association between PID and underlying malignancy (gynecologic and pelvic primarily). Read More

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The Expression and Bioinformatics Analysis of Circular RNAs in Endometritis Mouse Uterus Tissues.

Molecules 2022 Jun 8;27(12). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Joint Laboratory of the Modern Agricultural Technology International Cooperation, Ministry of Education, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China.

Previous studies have shown that circular RNAs are directly or indirectly involved in the occurrence of various diseases by regulating gene expression. However, the acting mechanism of circular RNAs in endometritis remains unclear. In this study, we successfully established an endometritis model in mouse using ; endometrial integrity was destroyed, inflammatory cells infiltrated and the expression of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α was significantly up-regulated. Read More

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A New Methodology to Assess Fallopian Tubes Microbiota and Its Impact on Female Fertility.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 2;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Division of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Cagliari, 09042 Cagliari, Italy.

Tubal factor is an important contributor to female infertility, and the current diagnostic approaches cannot correctly identify many subtle causes of tubal dysfunction. While it is known that the most common cause of tubal factor infertility is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), creating critical alterations of the tubal epithelium, little attention has been devoted to understanding the tubal modifications caused by the resident microbial population and their interaction with the surrounding tubal epithelium. Furthermore, most of these samples are obtained by traumatic procedures such as direct sampling during laparoscopy using a cytobrush. Read More

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Extracellular matrix protein turnover markers are associated with axial spondyloarthritis-a comparison with postpartum women and other non-axial spondyloarthritis controls with or without back pain.

Arthritis Res Ther 2022 Jun 23;24(1):152. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Rigshospitalet, Center for Arthritis Research, Glostrup, Denmark.

Background: Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is a common chronic inflammatory disease, associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling of the cartilage, bone, and connective tissues. The primary symptom of axSpA is back pain, caused by inflammation. However, there is a medical need to truly identify patients with axSpA from other subjects with buttock or low back pain attributable to other reasons. Read More

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The Proinflammatory Role of Guanylate-Binding Protein 5 in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Front Microbiol 2022 2;13:926915. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Colorectal and Pelvic Floor Diseases, Department of Colorectal Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Guangdong Institute of Gastroenterology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

NLRP3 inflammasome is implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Since guanylate-binding protein 5 (GBP5) induces the NLRP3 inflammasome activity, we aim to investigate the potential role of GBP5 in IBD pathogenesis. The expression of GBP5, NLRP3 inflammasome, and related cytokines and chemokines was examined in two cohorts of IBD patients and healthy controls, by microarray transcriptome analysis and quantitative real-time PCR. Read More

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Risk factors and clinical characteristics associated with a ruptured ectopic pregnancy: A 19-year retrospective observational study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 17;101(24):e29514. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation, and Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.

Abstract: Ectopic pregnancy is the most common cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to find risk factors and clinical characteristics associated with ruptured ectopic pregnancies at a medical center in eastern Taiwan in a 19-year period. This was a retrospective observational study that included patients diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy between August 1999 and December 2018. Read More

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Estimates of infertility in the United States: 1995-2019.

Fertil Steril 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Objective: To estimate the changes in infertility from 1995-2019 and determine the association of individual-level characteristics with fertility in the United States.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Periodic data from 1995, 2002, 2006-2010, 2011-2013, 2013-2015, 2015-2017, and 2017-2019 cycles of the National Survey for Family Growth were used for this analysis. Read More

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The future of diagnostic laparoscopy - Cons.

Reprod Fertil 2022 Apr 20;3(2):R91-R95. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Endometriosis has a large impact on the lives of patients, affecting nearly 90% of women with chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Unfortunately, diagnosis for this condition is often delayed by an average of 7 years, with adolescent patients experiencing disproportionate delays. This is in part due to the use of an invasive procedure for primary diagnosis and limited access to subspecialty care. Read More

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IgG4-related Disease Mimicking a Paratesticular Tumor and Pelvic Lymph Node Metastasis.

J Rheumatol 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Rheumatology, Tonan Hospital, Sapporo, Japan. Address correspondence to Dr. E. Sugawara, 060-0004 N4W7, Chuo-Ku, Sapporo, Japan. Email: The authors declare no conflicts of interest relevant to this hospital. The present study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Tonan Hospital (approval no. 3-1-1), and written informed consent was obtained from the patient.

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic fibro-inflammatory disease characterized by tumor-like mass with infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells.. Read More

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CXCR3 antagonist AMG487 ameliorates experimental autoimmune prostatitis by diminishing Th1 cell differentiation and inhibiting macrophage M1 phenotypic activation.

Prostate 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Background: Chronic prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is an inflammatory immune disease that is characterized by infiltrating inflammatory cells in the prostate and pelvic or by perineal pain. Receptor CXCR3modulates immune and inflammatory responses; however, the effects of CXCR3 antagonist AMG487 in the context of CP/CPPS are unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effect of AMG487 in experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP) mice and explored the potential functional mechanisms. Read More

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Treatment of Radiation Enteritis With Fecal Transplantation.

Am Surg 2022 Jun 12:31348221091954. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Research Center of Intestinal Barrier and Fecal Microbiota Transplantation, 26468The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Radiation enteritis (RE) is a frequent complication in patients who undergo pelvic irradiation, and this condition has been increasingly diagnosed. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is being developed in recent years, and it has remarkable curative effect for the clostridium and inflammatory bowel disease. Herein, we present a case of recurrent RE in a 59-year-old woman with RE 18 years after radiotherapy for cervical carcinoma. Read More

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In vitro modeling of endometriosis and endometriotic microenvironment - Challenges and recent advances.

Cell Signal 2022 Jun 9;97:110375. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, 48 Wojska Polskiego St., 60-627 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address:

Endometriosis is a chronic condition with high prevalence in reproductive age women, defined as the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity, most commonly on the pelvic peritoneum. The ectopic endometrial lesions exist in a unique microenvironment created by the interaction of epithelial, stromal, endothelial, glandular, and immune cell components, dominated by inflammatory, angiogenic, and endocrine signals. Current research is directed at understanding the complex microenvironment of the lesions and its relationship with different endometriosis stages, phenotypes, and disease symptoms and at the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic concepts that minimalize the undesirable side effects of current medical management. Read More

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The dynamic cellular and molecular features during the development of radiation proctitis revealed by transcriptomic profiling in mice.

BMC Genomics 2022 Jun 9;23(1):431. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Colorectal and Pelvic Floor Diseases, Guangdong Institute of Gastroenterology, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510655, China.

Background: Radiation proctitis (RP) is the most common complication of radiotherapy for pelvic tumor. Currently there is a lack of effective clinical treatment and its underlying mechanism is poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to dynamically reveal the mechanism of RP progression from the perspective of RNomics using a mouse model, so as to help develop reasonable therapeutic strategies for RP. Read More

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Lower Gastrointestinal Tract Disorders: Clinical Updates in Women's Health Care Primary and Preventive Care Review.

Obstet Gynecol 2022 Jun;139(6):1201

Abstract: Lower gastrointestinal (GI) diseases and associated symptoms account for a large number of health care visits each year. Many women visit their obstetrician-gynecologists more often than their primary care physicians or use them as primary health care providers. Many gynecologic and lower GI disorders share symptoms, such as lower abdominal or pelvic pain and bloating. Read More

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Timing of Adjunctive Azithromycin for Unscheduled Cesarean Delivery and Postdelivery Infection.

Obstet Gynecol 2022 Jun 2;139(6):1043-1049. Epub 2022 May 2.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Center for Women's Reproductive Health, and the Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, and Mission Hospital, Asheville, North Carolina; and the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, Ochsner Health System, New Orleans, Louisiana, University of Utah and Intermountain Health Care, Salt Lake City, Utah, Columbia University, New York, New York, University of Mississippi, Jackson, Mississippi, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, Texas.

Objective: To estimate the association between timing of administration of adjunctive azithromycin for prophylaxis at unscheduled cesarean delivery and maternal infection and neonatal morbidity.

Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized trial of adjunctive azithromycin prophylaxis in patients with singleton gestations who were undergoing unscheduled cesarean delivery. The primary exposure was the timing of initiation of the study drug (after skin incision or 0-30 minutes, more than 30-60 minutes, or more than 60 minutes before skin incision). Read More

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Single-dose versus multiple-dose antibiotics prophylaxis for preventing caesarean section postpartum infections: A randomized controlled trial.

Womens Health (Lond) 2022 Jan-Dec;18:17455057221101071

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nigeria.

Background: Caesarean section, a common obstetric surgical procedure, is a major predisposing factor for puerperal infections, requiring the need for antibiotic prophylaxis. Evidence suggests that single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis has comparable efficacy to multiple-dose antibiotic prophylaxis, but with a lower cost and risk of antibiotic resistance. However, single-dose antibiotic prophylaxis after caesarean section is not generally used in many centres in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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Efficacy of Linn. Pod's Sitz Bath plus Vaginal Pessary in Syndromic Management of Abnormal Vaginal Discharge: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2022 25;2022:5769555. Epub 2022 May 25.

Faculty of Business and Management Studies, Koforidua Technical University, Koforidua, Ghana.

Objectives: Abnormal vaginal discharge () is a common public health problem that significantly disrupts the health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Syndromic management infers the concurrent treatment of two or more infections. Hence, a comparative, single-blind study was planned to determine the efficacy of ( Linn. Read More

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Prognostic value of systemic inflammatory response markers in cervical cancer.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2022 Jun 4:1-9. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Health Sciences, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

We investigated the association between preoperative ratios of inflammatory markers and the prognosis in patients with invasive cervical cancer (CC). In this single-centre study, we retrospectively enrolled 163 CC patients who underwent radical hysterectomy between February 2008 and October 2018. Among the evaluated ratios, a high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (N/L) was significantly associated with deep stromal invasion and tumour size larger than 2 cm, whereas a high M/L was significantly related to advanced-stage CC (IB3-IIIC2), lymphatic metastasis (total) and pelvic lymph node metastasis (= . Read More

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[Endometriosis as an inflammatory disease ?]

Rev Med Liege 2022 May;77(5-6):370-376

Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, CHU Liège, Belgique.

Endometriosis is the presence of stromal and epithelial cells outside the uterine cavity. This chronic inflammatory disease affects about 10 % of the female population in reproductive age and is responsible for chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Its pathogenesis is complex, and the treatment will rely on medical treatment or/and surgery. Read More

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Endometriosis at all ages: diagnostic ultrasound.

Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

ANEMO, Nice, France.

Endometriosis is a gynecological disease affecting about 10% of the female population. The multifactorial hormonal, inflammatory, genetic, mental and behavior pathogenesis can result in chronic pelvic pain, blooding disorders and infertility causing disruption of quality of life. Correct diagnosis of the extension and topography is substantial in defining the adequate therapeutic strategy. Read More

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The dienogest-related cystitis in women with endometriosis: a prospective, controlled, comparative study.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2022 Jun 2:1-6. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Bacteriology, Central District Hospital, Kamenolomni, Russia.

The aim of the study was to examine the severity of clinical symptoms of acute cystitis and the level bacteriuria in female patients who underwent to laparoscopic surgery followed by a postoperative administration of dienogest 2 mg and combined oral contraceptives pills (COCP). One hundred and forty five women who had a laparoscopic surgery prospectively were enrolled. Criteria inclusions were the age from 30 to 45 years old; body mass index (BMI) absence of previous hormonal therapy at least 6 month and recent performed a laparoscopy surgery for endometriosis. Read More

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Urinary tract diversion with gastric conduit after total pelvic exenteration for Crohn's disease-related anorectal cancer: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 2;8(1):107. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Division of Lower G.I., Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya, 663-8501, Japan.

Background: In Japan, Crohn's disease (CD)-related cancers occur most frequently in the anal canal. Many patients with advanced CD-related cancer require total pelvic exenteration (TPE) based on their medical history, and choosing the most effective method for urinary diversion is a major concern. We herein report the first case of CD-related cancer treatment with urinary diversion using a gastric conduit after TPE in Japan. Read More

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Bovine salpingitis: Histopathology, bacteriology, cytology and transcriptomic approaches and its impact on the oocyte competence.

Anim Reprod Sci 2022 Jul 22;242:107004. Epub 2022 May 22.

Department of Animal Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

The present study was performed to examine the histopathology, cytology, bacteriology and expression pattern of a targeted set of genes of cytokines in the oviduct of cows with inflammation (Experiment 1). In addition, the effects of oviductal fluid from cows with salpingitis on the oocyte maturation and fertilization in vitro were examined (Experiment 2). The most frequent bacterial co-infection was Escherichia coli and Fusobacterium necrophorum, which was always associated with severe histopathologic salpingitis. Read More

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Can we accurately diagnose endometriosis without a diagnostic laparoscopy?

J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc 2022 06;23(2):117-119

Center for Special Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Camran Nezhat Institute, Woodside, California, United States of America

Endometriosis is a progressive, estrogen-dependent, chronic inflammatory disease that affects approximately 6-10% of reproductive age women. Patients usually presents with symptoms, such as non-menstrual pelvic and abdominal pain, ovulatory pain, dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, dyschezia, and/or changes to bowel or bladder function, which can be exacerbated during ovulation or menses. Endometriosis is a leading cause of unexplained infertility, accounting for up to 50-80% of cases. Read More

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Baicalin alleviates endometrial inflammatory injury through regulation of tight junction proteins.

Food Funct 2022 Jun 20;13(12):6522-6533. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.

Endometritis is the foremost reason for reduced reproductive performance, which impedes the establishment of pregnancy in ruminants. Baicalin is extensively acknowledged as a tocolytic drug. However, the preventive effect of baicalin on endometrial inflammatory injury remains unclear. Read More

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Investigation of the Role of Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Peptide (PACAP) and Its Type 1 (PAC1) Receptor in Uterine Contractility during Endometritis in Pigs.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 May 13;23(10). Epub 2022 May 13.

Division of Reproductive Biology, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Tuwima 10, 10-078 Olsztyn, Poland.

Uterine inflammation is a common pathology in animals, leading to disturbances in reproductive processes and reduced production profitability. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) effects at the uterine level during inflammation are not known. In the current study, we analyzed the relative PACAP type 1 receptor (PAC1R) mRNA transcript and protein abundances in the myometrium (MYO), as well s PACAP and PAC1R involvement in the contractile function of inflamed pig uterus. Read More

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Cervical Power Doppler Angiography with Micro Vessel Blood Flow Indices in the Auxiliary Diagnosis of Acute Cervicitis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 3;12(5). Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Yangming Chiaotung University, Taipei 112304, Taiwan.

We have conducted cervical imaging of uterine and micro-vessel flow velocity waveforms in acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) by transvaginal power Doppler ultrasound (TVPDU) in order to explore the associations of sonographic parameters with simple and complex cervicitis. Thirty-eight patients with acute PID (26 with acute simple cervicitis and 12 with complex cervicitis) were enrolled for an assessment of vascular grading of cervix and micro-vessel flow velocity using TVPDU before treatment. Seven parameters, including vascular grading (VG), lowest pulsatility index (PI), resistance index (RI), peak systolic velocity (PS), end diastolic velocity (ED), time average maximum velocity (TAMV), and vascular index (VI = PS/ED), were measured and recorded. Read More

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Primary ovarian abscess in virginal young woman with huge endometriosis cyst: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 May 27;101(21):e29463. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hangzhou Women's Hospital (Hangzhou Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital), Hangzhou, China.

Rationale: Primary ovarian abscess which develops as an isolated lesion without simultaneous tubal infection is a rare entity. Ovarian abscess (OA) is a serious complication of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) rarely seen in virginal girls. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent further sequela including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. Read More

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An update on polymyalgia rheumatica.

J Intern Med 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Rheumatology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund-Malmö, Sweden.

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is the most common inflammatory rheumatic disease affecting people older than 50 years and is 2-3 times more common in women. The most common symptoms are pain and morning stiffness in the shoulder and pelvic girdle and the onset may be acute or develop over a few days to weeks. General symptoms such as fatigue, fever and weight loss may occur, likely driven by systemic IL-6 signalling. Read More

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