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    Recognizing common parasitic infestations.
    JAAPA 2017 May;30(5):1-6
    Judy Truscott is program director and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University in Pittsburgh, Pa. Alyssa Abebe is an assistant professor at Chatham University and practices at an HIV research clinic at the University of Pittsburgh. Kelly Donkers is academic coordinator and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University. Daria Segers is a senior PA with the University of Pittsburgh Physicians. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
    Parasitic infestations commonly are seen in patients in primary care, urgent care, and EDs. These infestations are a common cause of pruritus and may lead to secondary infestations. This article reviews the signs and symptoms of pinworms, lice, bedbug, and scabies infestations, as well as diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Read More

    Molecular Markers of Pesticide Resistance and Pathogens in Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) From Rural Georgia, USA.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 2. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    College of Science and Mathematics, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458
    Although the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, and body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., both have a worldwide distribution, the occurrence of head louse pediculosis appears to be more prevalent in modern societies despite systematic use of various pediculicides. This study tested head lice collected in rural Georgia and body lice collected in Russia for the prevalence of a kdr-biomarker that is associated with permethrin resistance. Read More

    First Detection of the Kdr Mutation T929I in Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Schoolchildren of the Metropolitan Area of Nuevo Leon and Yucatan, Mexico.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 3. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., 66451 México
    The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that inhabits the human scalp. Infestations by this insect are commonly known as pediculosis, which is more common in younger groups. These infestations are asymptomatic; however, skin irritation from scratching occasionally may cause secondary bacterial infections. Read More

    Skin diseases of the vulva: Infectious diseases.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 Apr 11:1-9. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    a Department of Dermatology , Bispebjerg Hospital , Copenhagen , Denmark.
    A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area. Read More

    Orbital Myiasis with Scalp Pediculosis and Buccal Abscess-An Uncommon Presentation.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Feb 1;11(2):OD01-OD02. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Hospital Trust , Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India .
    We present a case of severe orbital myiasis caused by Osteris ovis, also known as sheep nasal botfly which is an uncommon manifestation of maggot infestation. Our patient was successfully treated with oral as well as topical ivermectin. The experience of ivermectin as an anti-parasitic agent in the treatment of orbital myiasis, although a known entity, is still limited among medical professionals including ophthalmologists. Read More

    Prevalence and predictors of pediculosis capitis among primary school children in Hulu Langat, Selangor.
    Med J Malaysia 2017 Feb;72(1):12-17
    Universiti Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Community Health, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Introduction: Pediculosis capitis infestation is endemic in both developing and developed countries leading to various physical, economical and psychological consequences. Our main objective was to determine the prevalence and predictors of pediculosis capitis among primary school children in Hulu Langat District, Malaysia.

    Methods: An analytic cross-sectional study using cluster random sampling method was carried out in Hulu Langat District, Malaysia. Read More

    The Dynamics of the Defense Strategy of Pea Induced by Exogenous Nitric Oxide in Response to Aphid Infestation.
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Feb 5;18(2). Epub 2017 Feb 5.
    Department of Plant Physiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Poland.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous nitric oxide (NO), i.e., S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), on the metabolic status of Pisum sativum L. Read More

    Flammability testing of 22 conventional European pediculicides.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Apr 2;116(4):1189-1196. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University, Max-von-Laue-Str. 13, D-60438, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.
    Lice have been parasitizing humans for at least 10,000 years. Since then, humans have tried to rid themselves of these unpleasant and potentially disease-carrying insects. Despite various plant extracts and chemical compounds being used to combat recurring infestations to this date, several lice populations have developed resistance to some of the abundantly used compounds. Read More

    The use of genomic information increases the accuracy of breeding value predictions for sea louse (Caligus rogercresseyi) resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
    Genet Sel Evol 2017 01 31;49(1):15. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Av Santa Rosa 11735, La Pintana, Chile.
    Sea lice infestations caused by Caligus rogercresseyi are a main concern to the salmon farming industry due to associated economic losses. Resistance to this parasite was shown to have low to moderate genetic variation and its genetic architecture was suggested to be polygenic. The aim of this study was to compare accuracies of breeding value predictions obtained with pedigree-based best linear unbiased prediction (P-BLUP) methodology against different genomic prediction approaches: genomic BLUP (G-BLUP), Bayesian Lasso, and Bayes C. Read More

    Pregnancy during Adolescence and Associated Risks: An 8-Year Hospital-Based Cohort Study (2007-2014) in Romania, the Country with the Highest Rate of Teenage Pregnancy in Europe.
    Biomed Res Int 2017 4;2017:9205016. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Gr. T. Popa" Iasi, Iasi, Romania.
    Aim. To determine pregnancy and delivery outcomes among teenagers. Materials and Methods. Read More

    Slender-horned gazelle (Gazella leptoceros), a new host for Tricholipeurus balanicus (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Trichodectidae).
    Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2016 Dec;40(4):211-214
    Department of Parasitology, Selçuk University School of Veterinary, Konya, Turkey.
    This study was performed to provide information on Tricholipeurus balanicus (Werneck 1938) detected on slender-horned gazelles (Gazella leptoceros) (Cuvier 1842). Four slender-horned gazelles kept in the El Hamma Zoological Garden in Algeria were examined for lice in April 2015. Three of the four gazelles were infested with lice; of 37 lice collected from the infested animals, 14 were females, 16 were males, and 7 were nymphs. Read More

    Efficacy of Peer Education for Adopting Preventive Behaviors against Head Lice Infestation in Female Elementary School Students: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
    PLoS One 2017 10;12(1):e0169361. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Public Health Department, School of Health, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background: Pediculosis is a common parasitic infestation in students worldwide, including Iran. This condition is more prevalent in populous and deprived communities with poor personal hygiene. This study sought to assess the efficacy of peer education for adopting preventive behaviors against pediculosis in female elementary school students based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). Read More

    Managing aquatic parasites for reduced drug resistance: lessons from the land.
    J R Soc Interface 2016 Dec;13(125)
    Centre for Veterinary and Epidemiological Research, Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada C1A 4P3.
    Atlantic salmon farming is one of the largest aquaculture industries in the world. A major problem in salmon farms is the sea louse ectoparasite Lepeophtheirus salmonis, which can cause stress, secondary infection and sometimes mortality in the salmon host. Sea lice have substantial impacts on farm economics and potentially nearby wild salmonid populations. Read More

    Nutrigenomic effects of glucosinolates on liver, muscle and distal kidney in parasite-free and salmon louse infected Atlantic salmon.
    Parasit Vectors 2016 Dec 12;9(1):639. Epub 2016 Dec 12.
    Cargill Innovation Center, Puerto Montt, Chile.
    Background: Reduction of Lepeophtheirus salmonis infection in Atlantic salmon achieved by glucosinolates (GLs) from Brassica plants was recently reported. However, wider application of functional feeds based on GLs requires better knowledge of their positive and adverse effects.

    Methods: Liver, distal kidney and muscle transcriptomes of salmon exposed to the extreme dose of GLs were profiled by microarray, while qPCR analysis followed up selected hepatic and renal responses under the extreme and moderate GLs dose during the L. Read More

    [Pediculicide effect of a Eucaliptus globulus L formulation].
    Rev Chilena Infectol 2016 Aug;33(4):433-437
    Introduction: Pediculosis capitis is a public health problem with a high prevalence. The emergence of parasite resistance to conventional pediculicide is of great concern worldwide.

    Objective: To develop alternatives pediculicide, effective and safe, based on the essential oil of Eucaliptus globulus. Read More

    Iron metabolism modulation in Atlantic salmon infested with the sea lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus rogercresseyi: A matter of nutritional immunity?
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 2017 Jan 22;60:97-102. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Department of Oceanography, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research, University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:
    Sea lice are copepodid ectoparasites that produce high economic losses and environmental issues, thus impacting the salmon aquaculture worldwide. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) from Northern and Southern Hemispheres are primarily parasitized by Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus rogercresseyi, respectively. To cope L. Read More

    Ectoparasite (louse, mite and tick) infestations on female turkeys (Galliformes, Phasianidae. Meleagris gallopavo) in Iran.
    J Parasit Dis 2016 Dec 14;40(4):1226-1229. Epub 2015 Feb 14.
    Veterinary Faculty, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
    Wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) were evaluated as potential hosts of ectoparasites. Different lice, ticks and mites can infest turkeys and cause direct and/or indirect harms and in some cases can also be fatal. Samples (feathers) were collected from lateral parts of 15 and 7 female turkeys' body of two different turkey flocks, in Rasht, Gilan province and Piranshahr, Western Azerbaijan province, Iran, respectively. Read More

    Assessment of oral ivermectin versus shampoo in the treatment of pediculosis (head lice infestation) in rural areas of Sine-Saloum, Senegal.
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 2016 Dec 31;48(6):627-632. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    Aix-Marseille Université, Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198 (Dakar), Inserm 1095, Marseille, France; Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR 198 IRD, Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), Campus International de Recherche IRD-UCAD, Hann, BP. 1386, Dakar, Senegal. Electronic address:
    Reports of treatment failure and the emergence of resistance to topical head lice treatments have become increasingly common, driving the need for continued development of new therapeutic options for pediculosis. Ivermectin has been proposed as a potential alternative for the treatment of pediculosis but has not been sufficiently evaluated. In this study, the effectiveness of oral ivermectin versus shampoo in the treatment of pediculosis in Senegal was compared. Read More

    Louse-borne relapsing fever in Finland in two asylum seekers from Somalia.
    APMIS 2017 Jan 16;125(1):59-62. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    We report two cases of louse-borne relapsing fever (LBRF) in young Somali asylum seekers having recently arrived to Finland. They had sought medical attention for a febrile illness. Blood smears were examined for suspected malaria, but instead, spirochete shaped bacteria were observed. Read More

    Chewing Lice of Swan Geese (Anser cygnoides): New Host-Parasite Associations.
    Korean J Parasitol 2016 Oct 31;54(5):685-691. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA.
    Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) that parasitize the globally threatened swan goose Anser cygnoides have been long recognized since the early 19th century, but those records were probably biased towards sampling of captive or domestic geese due to the small population size and limited distribution of its wild hosts. To better understand the lice species parasitizing swan geese that are endemic to East Asia, we collected chewing lice from 14 wild geese caught at 3 lakes in northeastern Mongolia. The lice were morphologically identified as 16 Trinoton anserinum (Fabricius, 1805), 11 Ornithobius domesticus Arnold, 2005, and 1 Anaticola anseris (Linnaeus, 1758). Read More

    Density-dependent effects of Caligus rogercresseyi infestation on the immune responses of Salmo salar.
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 2016 Dec 3;59:365-374. Epub 2016 Nov 3.
    Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), Biotechnology Center, University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:
    Sea lice infestations are a particular concern in the salmonid aquaculture industry due to damaging effects on fish growth, disease/infection susceptibility, and survival. Despite the impacts of sea lice parasitism, few studies have determined corresponding physiological thresholds, or the quantity of sea lice that can trigger measurable effects in the host immune response. The present study evaluated the mRNA expressions of immune-related genes in Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon) under infestation challenges with contrasting loads of the sea louse Caligus rogercresseyi. Read More

    Comparative immunity of Salmo salar and Oncorhynchus kisutch during infestation with the sea louse Caligus rogercresseyi: An enrichment transcriptome analysis.
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 2016 Dec 1;59:276-287. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Department of Oceanography, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:
    Caligus rogercresseyi, an ectoparasite affecting the Chilean salmon industry, can cause immunosuppression and physiological stress in farmed fish. Interestingly, coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) are notably resistant to infestation, whereas Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) are phenotypically more susceptible to sea lice. However, comparative studies on immune responses to C. Read More

    New records of Caligidae (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida) from the Philippines.
    Zootaxa 2016 Oct 11;4174(1):237-248. Epub 2016 Oct 11.
    Laboratory of Aquaculture, Department of Bioresource Science, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 738-8528, Japan.; Email:
    Parasitic copepods, especially sea lice (Caligidae) are causing economic problems in both aquaculture and to wild fishes around the world, but their study in at least some of the southeastern Asian countries, is still scanty. Here we provide new information on the distribution of 11 known species of parasitic copepods collected from 11 marine fish hosts from Iloilo, central part of the Philippines. Two species of the genus Anuretes Heller, 1865 and nine species of the genus Caligus Müller, 1785 were found to infest these hosts, i. Read More

    Consecutive emamectin benzoate and deltamethrin treatments affect the expressions and activities of detoxification enzymes in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
    Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2017 Jan 17;191:129-137. Epub 2016 Oct 17.
    Instituto de Bioquímica y Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile; Centro FONDAP, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), Chile.
    Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) subjected to three consecutive, alternating treatments with emamectin benzoate (EMB) and deltamethrin (DM) during outbreaks of Caligus rogercresseyi in a farm located in southern Chile (Hornopiren, Chiloé), were studied to determine the effects of these treatments on the protein and enzymatic activity levels of cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A), flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in different tissues. Consecutive and alternating EMB/DM treatments resulted in a 10-fold increase and 3-fold decrease of CYP1A protein levels in the intestine and gills, respectively. Notably, CYP1A activity levels decreased in most of the analyzed tissues. Read More

    Acute poisoning in a child following topical treatment of head lice (pediculosis capitis) with an organophosphate pesticide.
    Sudan J Paediatr 2016 ;16(1):63-6
    Division of Pediatric Neurology, College of Medicine and King Saud University Medical City, King Saud University , Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.
    This is a case report of acute organophosphate poisoning in a child treated with topical application of Diazinon-60 (WHO Class II toxicity) for head lice (pediculosis capitis). The patient presented with neurological symptoms and signs. After emergency respiratory and circulatory resuscitation the patient underwent dermal decontamination and was treated with atropine, high flow oxygen and pralidoxime. Read More

    Redescriptions and new host records of chewing lice of the genus Ricinus (Phthiraptera: Ricinidae) from the Neotropical Region.
    Zootaxa 2016 Aug 19;4154(2):179-89. Epub 2016 Aug 19.
    Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr. 1, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic; Email: unknown.
    Two species of the chewing louse genus Ricinus are redescribed and illustrated: Ricinus dalgleishi Nelson, 1972 from Helmitheros vermivorum (Gmelin, 1789), a new host-louse association, and Ricinus tanagraephilus Eichler, 1956 from Euphonia laniirostris d'Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837. Also, new host-louse associations are recorded for Ricinus vireoensis Nelson, 1972 from Vireo pallens Salvin, 1863, and for females of an unidentified species of Ricinus sp. from Corythopis delalandi (Lesson, 1831), which are described and illustrated. Read More

    Cypermethrin exposure induces metabolic and stress-related gene expression in copepodid salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis).
    Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics 2016 Dec 31;20:74-84. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    Hoplite Lab, Department of Pathology & Microbiology, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Ave, Charlottetown, PE, C1A 4P3, Canada. Electronic address:
    Cypermethrin has been administered for decades to control salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infestations in Atlantic salmon farming regions globally. However, resistance to cypermethrin and other available therapeutants has threatened the sustainability of this growing industry. To better understand the effects of cypermethrin on L. Read More

    Management of Head Louse Infestations in the United States-A Literature Review.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2016 Sep;33(5):466-72
    Department of Biological Sciences and Environmental Sciences Program, Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville, Edwardsville, Illinois.
    Unlabelled: Head lice are a source of scalp irritation, social disruption, and loss of school time. Health care providers need authoritative information to help avoid the costs and risks of ineffective treatment. A review was completed to provide relevant information on infestation treatments available in the United States. Read More

    Repeated sublethal exposures to the sea lice pesticide Salmosan® (azamethiphos) on adult male lobsters (Homarus americanus) causes neuromuscular dysfunction, hypoxia, metabolic disturbances and mortality.
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2016 Dec 2;134P1:106-115. Epub 2016 Sep 2.
    Golder Associates Ltd., 300-2920 Virtual Way, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 0C4. Electronic address:
    In Atlantic Canada and other salmon-growing regions, treatment of sea lice infestations in salmon aquaculture is necessary to protect fish health. The product Salmosan®, which contains the organophosphate azamethiphos as the active ingredient, is a pesticide presently used for treatment against sea lice. It is applied as a bath treatment and then released into the surrounding seawater. Read More

    Itch Management in Childhood.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2016 23;50:173-91. Epub 2016 Aug 23.
    Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany.
    Itch in children is a very common symptom and is mainly related to a skin disease rather than an underlying systemic disorder. The most common dermatoses include atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, insect bites, scabies, and pediculosis capitis. There are specific diagnostic patterns which require the evaluation of a careful history and dermatological examination. Read More

    Management and Treatment of Human Lice.
    Biomed Res Int 2016 27;2016:8962685. Epub 2016 Jul 27.
    Research Unit on Emerging Infectious and Tropical Diseases (URMITE), UMR CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM 1095, Faculty of Medicine, Aix-Marseille University, 27 boulevard Jean Moulin, 13005 Marseille, France.
    Of the three lice (head, body, and pubic louse) that infest humans, the body louse is the species involved in epidemics of louse-borne typhus, trench fever, and relapsing fever, but all the three cause pediculosis. Their infestations occur today in many countries despite great efforts to maintain high standards of public health. In this review, literature searches were performed through PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, and EBSCOhost, with key search words of "Pediculus humanus", "lice infestation", "pediculosis", and "treatment"; and controlled clinical trials were viewed with great interest. Read More

    Two new species of Philopteroides (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) of the beckeri species-group, from New Guinean painted berrypeckers (Aves: Passeriformes: Paramythiidae).
    Zootaxa 2016 Jul 22;4139(4):527-41. Epub 2016 Jul 22.
    Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr. 1, 612 42, Brno, CZECH REPUBLIC.; Email: unknown.
    Two new species of the louse genus Philopteroides Mey, 2004 are described and illustrated from two host species of painted berrypeckers, endemic to New Guinea: Philopteroides sinancorellus n. sp. ex Oreocharis arfaki (Meyer, 1875) (tit berrypecker), and Philopteroides gigas n. Read More

    Cutaneous Manifestations of Selected Parasitic Infections in Western Pacific and Southeast Asian Regions.
    Curr Infect Dis Rep 2016 Sep;18(9):30
    Department of Parasitology, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila, P. Gil St., Ermita, Manila, 1000, Philippines.
    Cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections often result in discomfort, debilitation, and even stigmatization. Data on cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections, however, are limited. This article provides updates on the cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections which are known to occur in Western Pacific and Southeast Asian regions, such as scabies, pediculosis, cutaneous larva migrans, larva currens, cutaneous schistosomiasis, cutaneous enterobiasis, cutaneous cysticercosis, acute dermatolymphangioadenitis (lymphatic filariasis), and cutaneous amoebiasis. Read More

    Sea lice, Caligus rotundigenitalis infestations and its management in pond cultured pearlspot, Etroplus suratensis in Gujarat: a case study.
    J Parasit Dis 2016 Jun 31;40(2):565-7. Epub 2014 Aug 31.
    Aquatic Animal Health Division, Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA), ICAR, 75 Santhome High Road, Raja Annamalai Puram, Chennai, 600 028 India.
    Highly popular and delicious fish of Kerala (India), pearlspot, Etroplus suratensis is known for its ability to tolerate wide range of salinity, omnivorous feeding behavior. Present report documents the occurrence and management of Caligus rotundigenitalis in brackishwater pond meant for culture demonstration of pearlspot in Gujarat, (India). A brackishwater aquaculture pond (1,500 sq m) was stocked with pearlspot fry (2. Read More

    Three new species of Myrsidea (Phthiraptera: Menoponidae) from New Zealand passerines (Aves: Passeriformes).
    Zootaxa 2016 Jun 20;4126(3):397-410. Epub 2016 Jun 20.
    Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, New Zealand.; Email:
    Myrsidea ivanliteraki new species, M. novaeseelandiae new species, and M. hihi new species are described and illustrated from New Zealand birds, with Gymnorhina tibicen, Anthornis melanura and Notiomystis cincta as type hosts respectively. Read More

    New data on the taxonomy and distribution of ten Neotropical chewing lice of the genus Myrsidea (Phthiraptera: Menoponidae), including the description of a new species.
    Zootaxa 2016 Mar 2;4085(2):233-47. Epub 2016 Mar 2.
    Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr. 1, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic; Email: unknown.
    The new species Myrsidea alexanderi is described and illustrated ex Pheugopedius maculipectus (Troglodytidae) from Honduras. Redescriptions and illustrations are given for both sexes of Myrsidea chiapensis ex Calocitta formosa from Costa Rica, and the male of M. dissimilis ex Progne chalybea from Brazil. Read More

    [Main parasitic skin disorders].
    Rev Med Interne 2017 Jan 29;38(1):17-27. Epub 2016 Jun 29.
    Service de dermatologie, hôpital Henri Mondor, AP-HP, université Paris-Est, 51, avenue du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny, 94010 Créteil, France.
    Cutaneous parasitic skin diseases are frequent in human pathology. There are few reliable epidemiological data on the prevalence and/or incidence of such diseases. Skin parasites are cosmopolitan but their global distribution is heterogenous; prevalence is especially high in subtropical and tropical countries. Read More

    Sarcoptes scabiei infestation does not alter the stability of ectoparasite communities.
    Parasit Vectors 2016 07 1;9(1):379. Epub 2016 Jul 1.
    Departamento de Biología Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Universidad de Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas, s.n., E-23071, Jaén, Spain.
    Background: The host represents a heterogeneous ecosystem where multiple parasite species co-occur and interact with each other for space and resources. Although these interactions may rule the features of an infracommunity and may shape the infracommunity response to external perturbations, the resilience of ectoparasite communities to new infestations remains poorly explored.

    Methods: We analysed the composition of the ectoparasite communities found on 214 individual Iberian ibexes (Capra pyrenaica) inhabiting the Sierra Nevada Natural Space, southern Spain. Read More

    The ecdysone receptor (EcR) is a major regulator of tissue development and growth in the marine salmonid ectoparasite, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Copepoda, Caligidae).
    Mol Biochem Parasitol 2016 Aug 21;208(2):65-73. Epub 2016 Jun 21.
    Sea Lice Research Centre, Institute of Marine Research, Norway.
    The function of the ecdysone receptor (EcR) during development and molting has been thoroughly investigated in some arthropods such as insects but rarely in crustacean copepods such as the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis (L. salmonis) (Copepoda, Caligidae). The salmon louse is an ectoparasite on Atlantic salmon that has major economical impact in aquaculture due to the cost of medical treatment methods to remove lice from the fish. Read More

    Fourth case of louse-borne relapsing fever in Young Migrant, Sicily, Italy, December 2015. Mini Review Article.
    Public Health 2016 Oct 21;139:22-26. Epub 2016 Jun 21.
    Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care "G.D'Alessandro", Palermo, Italy.
    Objectives: Currently louse-borne relapsing fever (LBRF) is primarily found in limited endemic foci in Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan; no case of imported LBRF has been reported in Europe in the 9 years prior to 2015. The aim of our paper is to describe a new case of imported LBRF detected in Sicily, Italy, and to review all cases reported in migrants arrived in Europe in the last 10 years.

    Study Design: Mini review of all published cases of louse-borne relapsing fever in Europe in the last 10 years. Read More

    Atlantic salmon infected with salmon lice are more susceptible to new lice infections.
    J Fish Dis 2017 Mar 23;40(3):311-317. Epub 2016 Jun 23.
    Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Aggregation is commonly observed for macroparasites, but its adaptive value remains unclear. Heavy infestations intensities may lead to a decrease in some fitness-related traits of parasites (e.g. Read More

    Predicting the effectiveness of depth-based technologies to prevent salmon lice infection using a dispersal model.
    Prev Vet Med 2016 Jul 20;129:48-57. Epub 2016 May 20.
    Sustainable Aquaculture Laboratory - Temperate and Tropical (SALTT), School of BioSciences, University of Melbourne, 3010 Victoria, Australia; Institute of Marine Research, Norway, P. O. Box 1870 Nordnes, N-5817 Bergen, Norway.
    Salmon lice is one of the major parasitic problems affecting wild and farmed salmonid species. The planktonic larval stages of these marine parasites can survive for extended periods without a host and are transported long distances by water masses. Salmon lice larvae have limited swimming capacity, but can influence their horizontal transport by vertical positioning. Read More

    Ectoparasites of Stray Dogs in Mazandaran, Gilan and Qazvin Provinces, North and Center of Iran.
    J Arthropod Borne Dis 2016 Sep 6;10(3):364-9. Epub 2016 Jan 6.
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Iran.
    Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of ectoparasite infestations in stray dogs in Mazandaran, Gilan and Qazvin Provinces in fall and winter in 2013(December to March).

    Methods: Seventy dogs in 2013, from these Provinces were examined for ectoparasite infestation and diagnosis of them based on parasitological methods and identification keys was done.

    Results: The rate of infestation in these areas was 100%, 68. Read More

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