3,264 results match your criteria Pediculosis


Prevalence of pediculosis and its related factors among primary school girls in the north of Iran.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2019 Jan 26. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Health Science Research Center, School of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran.

Introduction Head lice infestation is one of the main public health problems worldwide and a sanitary, cultural and economic indicator for communities' health. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of head lice infestation among female primary school children in selected districts of Mazandaran Province, Iran. Methods In this cross-sectional study, 3033 female school children were recruited using the consensus method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0039DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Anaesthetic efficacy of Aqui-S, Benzoak, and MS-222 on lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus) fries. Impact from temperature, salinity, and fasting.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(1):e0211080. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Large numbers of lumpfish are produced for the Norwegian salmon industry and are used to combat sea lice infestations. Periodically high mortality of farmed lumpfish demonstrates the need to improve farming conditions and animal welfare. As part of such efforts, the present work tested the efficacy of three anaesthetic chemicals on lumpfish fries (average weight of 0. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211080PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342319PMC
January 2019

Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations in owned dogs in Kwara State, Nigeria.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2019 Feb 28;4:e00079. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Parasitology Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.

In Nigeria, dogs are the common companions in many households and, harbor wide range of ectoparasites of severe zoonotic potentials. A cross sectional survey was conducted to examine the prevalence, intensity and risk factors of ectoparasite infestation among the owned dogs in Kwara state, Nigeria. A total of 333 dogs were screened for ectoparasites, and questionnaires were applied to obtain information regarding; age, sex, breeds, coat colour and management practices by dog owners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parepi.2018.e00079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324013PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Sea lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer 1837), infected Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) are more susceptible to infectious salmon anemia virus.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(1):e0209178. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Aquaculture Research Institute, University of Maine, Hitchner Hall, Orono, Maine, United States of America.

The role of parasitic sea lice (Siphonostomatoida; Caligidae), especially Lepeophtheirus salmonis, in the epidemiology of Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus (ISAv) has long been suspected. The epidemiological studies conducted during the 1998 major Infectious Salmon Anaemia (ISA) outbreak in Scotland demonstrated a strong correlation between sea lice presence and ISAv positive sites or subsequent clinical outbreaks of ISA. The question posed from this observation was "do sea lice infestations on Atlantic salmon make them more susceptible to viral infections?" This study investigated the role that sea lice infestations have on the severity of ISAv infections and disease mortality in experimental populations of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209178PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334929PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Twelve new species of Guimaraesiella (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) from "babblers" (Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae, Pellorneidae, Timaliidae) with a description of a new subgenus and a key to its species.

Zootaxa 2019 Jan 9;4543(4):451-497. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Conservation and Resource Utilization, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Wild Animal Conservation and Utilization, Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

The chewing louse subgenus Cicchinella new subgenus is erected and described for species of Guimaraesiella Eichler, 1949, parasitizing Old World babblers (Leiothrichidae, Pellorneidae, Timaliidae). The subgenus is divided into three species groups based on chaetotaxy, head and genitalia of both sexes. Two species are redescribed: Guimaraesiella (Cicchinella) sehri (Ansari, 1955) from Trochalopteron lineatum lineatum (Vigors, 1831) and T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4543.4.1DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Infectious Disease: Bedbugs, Lice, and Mites.

FP Essent 2019 Jan;476:18-24

University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, 414 E. Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069.

Bedbugs, mites, and scabies are ectoparasites that commonly affect humans. Bedbugs ( species) were once rare in the United States but are now common. They cause intensely pruritic lesions on areas of exposed skin. Read More

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January 2019
11 Reads

Cold Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Comb-A Physical Approach for Pediculosis Treatment.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 21;16(1). Epub 2018 Dec 21.

University of Applied Sciences and Arts HAWK, Faculty N, Von-Ossietzky-Strasse 99/100, 37085 Göttingen, Germany.

Pediculosis, that is the infestation of humans with (head lice), poses a worldwide problem that is as old as mankind itself. Over the centuries, man has developed a variety of remedies, all of which have ultimately culminated in the use of chemical agents. Some of these remedies are known to produce successful results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338894PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Bioaccumulation of selected veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) in the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis).

Sci Total Environ 2019 Mar 15;655:1409-1419. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Gaustadalléen 21, NO-0349 Oslo, Norway.

Veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) are widely used within the fish farming industry to control sea lice infestations. There is concern that wild and farmed mussels in the vicinity to these fish farms may be exposed and subsequently bioaccumulate these chemicals, which could pose a threat to human health. To understand the fate of these chemicals in the environment, controlled laboratory exposures were performed to establish the uptake and depuration of selected VMPs in the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.212DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Effect of oral afoxolaner on naturally occurring infestations of peacocks by the louse Goniodes pavonis.

Vet Dermatol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Centro Universitario UAEM Amecameca, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Km. 2.5 Carretera Amecameca-Ayapango, 56900, Amecameca de Juárez, México.

Background: Ectoparasitism of ornamental birds, including captive species kept in zoos, represents a serious health problem. Up to 13 different species of lice have been reported to affect peacocks worldwide and heavy infestation may cause anaemia. Because of this, alternatives to the prevailing treatments have been sought including use of isoxazolines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vde.12713DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[Update on human head lice].

Semergen 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria, Hospital Universitari Mútua Terrassa / CAP Valldoreix, Terrassa, España. Electronic address:

Head lice is a common condition, and it causes great concern in parents of the affected child. Resistance to the most common treatment has been reported recently, due to an indiscriminate use. A review is presented on this condition and its available treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semerg.2018.11.005DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Head lice infestations in rural Honduras: the need for an integrated approach to control neglected tropical diseases.

Int J Dermatol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada.

Background: Pediculosis capitis is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) that receives little attention in countries where it continues to be endemic. This study aimed to understand the impact of Pediculus humanus capitis infestations in the lives of Honduran children living in extreme poverty.

Methods: A qualitative study on head lice infestation was conducted in June 2016 in a rural community in Honduras. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14331DOI Listing
December 2018

[Case of pneumonia associated sepsis accompaning pulmonary myiasis].

Mikrobiyol Bul 2018 Oct;52(4):439-443

Kocaeli State Hospital, Clinic of Chest Diseases, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Myiasis; is defined as the infestation of dead or living tissues of humans and animals by the diptera larvae. It is prevalent all over the world, especially in tropical and subtropical countries with low socioeconomic status. Myiasis of humans has been associated with low socioeconomic status, alcoholism, mental or neurological diseases, poor personal hygiene, patients with varicose veins, diabetes, malnutrition, advanced stage cancer, pediculosis, immunosuppression, sexually transmitted disease, gingivitis and other oral cavity lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/mb.67395DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Using human head lice to unravel neglect and cause of death.

Parasitology 2018 Dec 10:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Section, School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading,Reading, RG6 6AS,UK.

Despite the common association of human lice with abandoned or neglected people, no procedure to assess pediculosis, aimed to detect signs of neglect, exists. Investigating the two most common forms of head louse infestation, regular and severe, we define lice-markers of neglect and develop a protocol and survey form to record and assess pediculosis. The study of head lice from a deceased victim of neglect helped unravel time-length since death, frequency of exposure to neglect and the cause and circumstances related to the death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182018002007DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Efficacy and Safety of a Water-Based Head Lice Lotion: A Randomized, Controlled, Investigator-Blinded, Comparative, Bicentric Study.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Adriaens Consulting, Bellemdorpweg 95, 9881, Bellem, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium.

Introduction: Silicones (e.g., dimethicone) are effective and safe alternatives to insecticides for the treatment of head lice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13555-018-0274-xDOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Parasitic sea louse infestations on wild sea trout: separating the roles of fish farms and temperature.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Nov 29;11(1):609. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Health Management, University of PEI, Charlottetown, PEI C1A 4P3, Canada.

Background: The causal relation between parasitic sea lice on fish farms and sea lice on wild fish is a controversial subject. A specific scientific debate has been whether the statistical association between infestation pressure (IP) from fish farms and the number of parasites observed on wild sea trout emerges purely because of a confounding and direct effect of temperature (T).

Methods: We studied the associations between louse infestation on wild sea trout, fish farm activity and temperature in an area that practices coordinated fallowing in Nordhordland, Norway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3189-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267784PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Are Medical Laboratories Ready for the Diagnosis of Parasitic Diseases?

Authors:
Ahmet Özbilgin

EJIFCC 2018 Nov 7;29(3):171-174. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manisa Celal Bayar, Manisa, Turkey.

Economic instability, destabilisation with armed conflagration, religious and ethnic conflicts are the most important driving factors for migrations towards Europe. Mediterranean countries are important route for refugees who emigrate from the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Viral, bacterial, parasitic and fungal diseases carried by these refugees constitute a significant health risk in Mediterranean countries. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247129PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Common mental disorder among incarcerated women: a study on prevalence and associated factors.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Nov;23(11):3587-3596

Departamento de Saúde Coletiva, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. R. Tessália Vieira de Camargo 126, Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz. 13083-887 Campinas SP Brasil.

Mental disorders are present in four of the ten main causes of incapacity across the world. This article aims to analyze the prevalence of Common Mental Disorders (CMD) in incarcerated women and associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a population of 1,013 women incarcerated in a female prison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320182311.30372016DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Phthirus pubis Infestation of the Scalp: A Case Report and Review of The Literature.

Korean J Parasitol 2018 Oct 31;56(5):487-489. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Phthirus pubis usually infests the pubis, groin, buttocks and perianal region. It can sometimes infest the thighs, abdomen, chest, axillae and beard. Eyelashes and eyebrows may be involved in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2018.56.5.487DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243192PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Bartonella quintana, past, present, and future of the scourge of World War I.

Authors:
Joaquim Ruiz

APMIS 2018 Nov;126(11):831-837

Independent Researcher, Barcelona, Spain.

During World War I, a mysterious new disease affected soldiers on both sides of battle field. The first reports described a relapsing fever of unknown origin with body lice being suggested as the vector. The outbreak affected >1 000 000 people, mostly soldiers fighting in front-line trenches. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/apm.12895
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apm.12895DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Ivermectin does not interfere with seminal and hormonal parameters in male rabbits.

Theriogenology 2019 Jan 27;124:32-38. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, São Paulo, SP, 05508-270, Brazil.

Ivermectin (IVM) is a macrocyclic lactone used as a broad spectrum antiparasitic agent against nematodes and arthropods. It is mainly used in the control of parasitic infections of domestic animals, and recently has been used in humans to treat onchocerciasis, scabies, and pediculosis. In mammals, evidence has indicated that macrocyclic lactones interact with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated chloride channels. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0093691X183086
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2018.09.029DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

New species and additional data on the chewing louse genus Myrsidea (Phthiraptera: Menoponidae) from wild Neotropical Passeriformes (Aves).

Zootaxa 2018 May 10;4418(5):401-431. Epub 2018 May 10.

Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackeho tr. 1946/1, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic.

Twenty-four species of chewing lice of the genus Myrsidea Waterston, 1915 (Phthiraptera: Menoponidae) from Neotropical Suboscines (Passeriformes: Formicariidae, Furnariidae, Pipridae, Thamnophilidae, Tityridae, Tyrannidae) are recorded and discussed. They include: eight new species which are described and illustrated (Myrsidea capeki new species ex Chiroxiphia caudata; Myrsidea leptopogoni new species ex Leptopogon superciliaris; Myrsidea leucophthalmi new species ex Automolus leucophthalmus; Myrsidea pachyramphi new species ex Pachyramphus polychopterus; Myrsidea philydori new species ex Philydor rufum; Myrsidea pyriglenae new species ex Pyriglena leucoptera; Myrsidea scleruri new species ex Sclerurus scansor and Myrsidea zuzanae new species ex Furnarius rufus), as well as nine previously known species with additional data on intraspecific morphological variability, host associations and geographical distribution (Myrsidea barbati Price, Hellenthal Dalgleish, 2005; Myrsidea dalgleishi Valim, Price Johnson, 2011; Myrsidea flaviventris Price, Hellenthal Dalgleish, 2005; Myrsidea klimesi Sychra, 2006; Myrsidea meyi Valim, Price Johnson, 2011; Myrsidea oleaginei Price, Hellenthal Dalgleish, 2005; Myrsidea olivacei Price, Hellenthal Dalgleish, 2005; Myrsidea pitangi Price, Hellenthal Dalgleish, 2005 and Myrsidea spellmani Price, Johnson Dalgleish, 2008b). Seven further species are recorded at genus level only due to lack of adequate material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4418.5.1DOI Listing
May 2018
1 Read

The freshwater crab genera Ghatiana Pati Sharma, Gubernatoriana Bott, and Inglethelphusa Bott (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Gecarcinucidae) revisited, with descriptions of a new genus and eleven new species.

Zootaxa 2018 Jun 25;4440(1):1-73. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Zoological Survey of India, Western Regional Centre, Vidyanagar, Sector 29, P.C.N.T. Post, Akurdi, Pune-411 044, Maharashtra, India.

The taxonomy of three morphologically related and endemic genera of the northern Western Ghats (Ghatiana Pati Sharma, 2014, Gubernatoriana Bott, 1970, and Inglethelphusa Bott, 1970) is re-assessed to accommodate several new taxa. We describe a new genus, Sahyadriana gen. nov. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4440.1.1DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Light Microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy of Colpocephalum nanum Piaget, 1890 (Phthiraptera: Amblycera: Colpocephalidae).

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2018 Sep;42(3):207-212

Electron Microscope Unit, University of Limpopo, Medunsa Campus, Pretoria, South Africa.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the morphological characteristics of Colpocephalum nanum (C. nanum) Piaget, 1890 using light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Methods: For this purpose, the C. Read More

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http://turkiyeparazitolderg.org/eng/makale/1104/73/Full-Text
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tpd.2018.5808DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Impact of ivermectin administered for scabies treatment on the prevalence of head lice in Atoifi, Solomon Islands.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 09 25;12(9):e0006825. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Clinical Research Department, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Scabies and head lice are ubiquitous ectoparasitic infestations that are common across the Pacific Islands. Ivermectin is an effective treatment for both conditions, although the doses used vary. At a community level, mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin is an effective strategy to decrease prevalence of scabies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173439PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Prevalence and treatment of sexually transmitted infections in men followed by urologists in Germany - a cross sectional study with 347,090 men.

Ger Med Sci 2018 13;16:Doc03. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Epidemiology, QuintilesIMS, Frankfurt, Germany.

The goal of this retrospective analysis was to study the prevalence and treatment of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STI) in men followed by urologists in Germany. This study included a total of 347,090 men followed in 71 urology practices in Germany between 2013 and 2015. The first outcome was the prevalence of individuals diagnosed with STI between 2013 and 2015. Read More

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http://www.egms.de/en/journals/gms/2018-16/000265.shtml
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3205/000265DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124731PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Tool for predicting Caligus rogercresseyi abundance on salt water salmon farms in Chile.

Prev Vet Med 2018 Oct 11;158:122-128. Epub 2018 Aug 11.

Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island C1A 4P3, Canada.

Caligus rogercresseyi is a host-dependent parasite that affects rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon in Chile. Numbers of sea lice on fish increase over time at relatively predictable rates when the environment is conducive to the parasite's survival and fish are not undergoing treatment. We developed a tool for the salmon industry in Chile that predicts the abundance of adult sea lice over time on farms that are relatively isolated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2018.08.001DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Scalp Itch: A Systematic Review.

Skin Appendage Disord 2018 Aug 29;4(3):187-199. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

Fredric Brandt Endowed Professor of Dermatology, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

Scalp itch is a frequent complaint in the dermatological setting. It is common for the dermatologist to encounter patients with no evident cause of scalp pruritus, making it a distressing situation for both the clinician and the patient. The aim of this paper is to propose a systematic approach to scalp itch, which classifies scalp pruritus into two types: (1) with or (2) without dermatological lesions, and presence or absence of hair loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000484354DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6120392PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Lice Update: Management and Treatment in the Home.

Home Healthc Now 2018 Sep/Oct;36(5):289-294

Elaine Webber, DNP, PPCNP-BC, IBCLC, is a Clinical Associate Professor, McAuley School of Nursing, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan. Sherry McConnell, MSN, RN, is a Clinical Instructor, McAuley School of Nursing, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan.

Lice infestation is a common health issue affecting 6 to 12 million school-age children in the United States each year, impacting all members of the household. The home care nurse can be a valuable resource in the management of lice in the home and can assist the family in understanding the various myths and misconceptions about lice. This article provides an overview of lice management, including identification and treatment of a lice infestation as well as recommendations for environmental control strategies in the home. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NHH.0000000000000677DOI Listing
January 2019

A new species of sucking louse Hoplopleura villosissima n. sp. (Psocodea: Phthiraptera: Hoplopleuridae) and a new host record of the spiny rat louse Polyplax spinulosa Burmeister, 1839 (Psocodea: Phthiraptera: Polyplacidae) from the long-haired rat Rattus villosissimus Waite (Rodentia: Muridae) in Australia.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Aug 23;11(1):476. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

GeneCology Research Centre, Centre for Animal Health Innovation, School of Science and Engineering, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, 4556, Australia.

Background: The sucking louse fauna of endemic Australian rodents has been under-studied for decades. Sixty-five species of native rodents have been recorded in Australia. However, only 11 species of lice have been reported from 11 species of endemic Australian rodents. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3037-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6108133PMC
August 2018
13 Reads
3.430 Impact Factor

Prevalence and risk factors of pediculosis in children of the Lacandon Jungle in Chiapas, Mexico.

Salud Publica Mex 2018 Jul-Ago;60(4):383-384

Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Nuevo León, México.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/8909DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Ectoparasite communities of small-bodied Malagasy primates: seasonal and socioecological influences on tick, mite and lice infestation of Microcebus murinus and M. ravelobensis in northwestern Madagascar.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Aug 8;11(1):459. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Institute for Parasitology, Centre for Infection Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, 30559, Hanover, Germany.

Background: Ectoparasitic infections are of particular interest for endangered wildlife, as ectoparasites are potential vectors for inter- and intraspecific pathogen transmission and may be indicators to assess the health status of endangered populations. Here, ectoparasite dynamics in sympatric populations of two Malagasy mouse lemur species, Microcebus murinus and M. ravelobensis, were investigated over an 11-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3034-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6083607PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Complexin in ivermectin resistance in body lice.

PLoS Genet 2018 08 6;14(8):e1007569. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Aix Marseille Univ, IRD, APHM, MEPHI, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.

Ivermectin has emerged as very promising pediculicide, particularly in cases of resistance to commonly used pediculicides. Recently, however, the first field-evolved ivermectin-resistance in lice was reported. To gain insight into the mechanisms underlying ivermectin-resistance, we both looked for mutations in the ivermectin-target site (GluCl) and searched the entire proteome for potential new loci involved in resistance from laboratory susceptible and ivermectin-selected resistant body lice. Read More

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https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007569
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1007569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6108520PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

Global output of research on epidermal parasitic skin diseases from 1967 to 2017.

Authors:
Waleed M Sweileh

Infect Dis Poverty 2018 Aug 6;7(1):74. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Physiology, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Background: Epidermal parasitic skin diseases (EPSD) occur in most countries and cause a considerable health and economic burden, particularly in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to assess and analyse peer-reviewed literature on EPSD in humans. The results of this study serve as an indicator of the extent the scientific community, health authorities, and international health agencies interact with EPSD as a health problem that is commonly associated with poverty and poor hygiene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0456-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091169PMC
August 2018
8 Reads
2 Citations

Sustainable production and use of cleaner fish for the biological control of sea lice: recent advances and current challenges.

Vet Rec 2018 Sep 30;183(12):383. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK.

Currently, cleaner fish are one of the most widely used sea lice control strategies in Atlantic salmon aquaculture. Two species are currently being farmed in North Atlantic countries, ballan wrasse () and lumpfish (), and the sector in most countries is rapidly expanding towards self-sufficiency. The species are very different both in terms of their biology and life histories and, consequently, production and husbandry methods must be tailored to each species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.104966DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Plica Polonica Secondary to Pediculosis Capitis and Use of Shampoo.

Int J Trichology 2018 May-Jun;10(3):143-144

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Pt. B. D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijt.ijt_15_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6028994PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Infectious and dermatological diseases among arriving migrants on the Italian coasts.

Eur J Public Health 2018 10;28(5):910-916

National Institute for Health Migration and Poverty (INMP), Rome, Italy.

Background: Since 2008 Italy has been the destination of the 'central Mediterranean route', used by migrants to reach Europe. The aim of this study is to describe demographic characteristics and health problems of migrants at the time of arrival on the Italian coasts, focussing on dermatological and infectious diseases.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of data routinely collected (n = 6, 188) by the National Institute for Health Migration and Poverty (INMP) in the centres for migrants of Lampedusa and Trapani-Milo (2015-16). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky126DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Clinical studies evaluating abametapir lotion, 0.74%, for the treatment of head louse infestation.

Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Sep 12;35(5):616-621. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Hatchtech Pty Ltd, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Background: There is a need for better control of head louse infestations. Abametapir is an inhibitor of metalloproteinases critical for louse survival and egg development. The efficacy of abametapir lotion, 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13612DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175393PMC
September 2018
8 Reads

Current Status of the Sari-Dzhas Natural Focus of Plague, Kyrgyzstan: Epizootic Activity and Marmot Population.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2018 10 10;18(10):524-532. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

4 Karakol Anti-Plague Department of RCQDI (KAPD) , Karakol, Kyrgyzstan .

The Sari-Dzhas natural mountain focus of plague with an area of 5000 sq. km is located mainly in Kyrgyzstan. This enzootic area belongs to a group of Tien-Shan mountain plague foci and crosses the boundaries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2017.2200DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Ten new species of Brueelia Kéler, 1936 (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) from nuthatches (Aves: Passeriformes: Sittidae), tits and chickadees (Paridae), and goldcrests (Regulidae).

Acta Parasitol 2018 Sep;63(3):527-557

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Conservation and Resources, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Wild Animal Conservation and Utilization, Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources, 105 Xingang West Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, 510260, China.

Ten new species of chewing lice in the genus Brueelia Kéler, 1936, are described from hosts in the families Paridae, Regulidae, and Sittidae. They are: Brueelia johnsoni n. sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ap-2018-0063DOI Listing
September 2018

Investigation of the Prevalence of Pediculus humanus capitis and Risk Factors in a Village in Isparta.

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2018 Sep;42(3):202-206

Yalvaç Devlet Hastanesi, Tıbbi Mikrobiyoloji Kliniği, Isparta, Türkiye.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Pediculus humanus (P.h.) capitis infestation in school children in Sücüllü Village, Isparta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tpd.2018.5217DOI Listing
September 2018

Ancient treatment for lice: a source of suggestions for carriers of other infectious diseases?

Infez Med 2018 06;26(2):181-192

Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche, Sezione di Malattie Infettive e Dermatologia, Università di Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Louse infestation is one of the oldest contagious pestilential diseases of humankind, which has recently re-emerged in several developing countries as well as in homeless individuals and migrants. The present work provides the first phase of an historical excursus of louse remedies based on the classics of pharmaceutical literature, codes, pharmacopoeia and treatises. The second phase involves a literature search, based on the principal medical databases (SciFinder, Pubmed, Google Scholar, ISI-Web of Science and Scopus), to match ancient raw materials and active principles for the treatment of pediculosis and their possible applications, with other current infectious pathologies transmitted by different carriers. Read More

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June 2018
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Detection of bacterial pathogens in clade E head lice collected from Niger's refugees in Algeria.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Jun 15;11(1):348. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

IRD, AP-HM, MEPHI, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Aix-Marseille Univ, Marseille, France.

Background: Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, are obligate blood-sucking parasites. Phylogenetically, they occur in five divergent mitochondrial clades (A, D, B, C and E), each having a particular geographical distribution. Recent studies have revealed that head lice, as is the case of body lice, can act as a vector for louse-borne diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-2930-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6003154PMC
June 2018
9 Reads

Dermoscopy of pediculosis pubis.

JAAD Case Rep 2018 Mar 28;4(2):168-169. Epub 2018 Jan 28.

Department of Dermatology, Chengdu Second People's Hospital, Chengdu, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdcr.2017.08.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5993553PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Effect of a health education program on reduction of pediculosis in school girls at Amphoe Muang, Khon Kaen Province, Thailand.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(6):e0198599. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background: Pediculosis caused by head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation is still an important health problem in schoolchildren, especially girls, worldwide, including in Thailand. Although pediculicidal agents effectively kill head lice, the re-infestation rate is still high. Thus, prevention is an important strategy for any sustainable control program. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0198599PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5995376PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Prevalence and risk factors associated with ectoparasite infestation of buffaloes in an Amazonian ecosystem.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Jun 4;11(1):335. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Laboratório de Sanidade Animal, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, LARSANA/UFOPA, Rua Vera Paz, s/n, CEP 68100-000, Santarém, Pará, Brasil.

Background: The water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is well adapted in some regions of the Amazon. Of all Brazilian states, Pará contains the largest number of this species, with 510,000 animals, approximately 38% of the Brazilian buffaloes. Despite the socioeconomic importance of bubaline farming in the northern region, little is known about the prevalence of ectoparasites that affect buffalo herds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-2917-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987401PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Exposure to teflubenzuron negatively impacts exploratory behavior, learning and activity of juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus).

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Sep 26;160:216-221. Epub 2018 May 26.

Institute of Marine Research, P.O. Box 1870, Nordnes, 5817 Bergen, Norway. Electronic address:

Infestations with salmon lice, a parasitic copepod, is a major problem in the salmon farming industry. Teflubenzuron is an in-feed pharmaceutical applied to control lice outbreaks; the standard medication is 10 mg per kg fish per day for seven days. Surveys reveal that teflubenzuron accumulates and persists in the sediment around fish farms and causes deformities and mortality in juvenile European lobster (Homarus gammarus), a species commonly found in the vicinity of salmon farms in Norway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.05.021DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Comparative analysis of long non-coding RNAs in Atlantic and Coho salmon reveals divergent transcriptome responses associated with immunity and tissue repair during sea lice infestation.

Dev Comp Immunol 2018 10 24;87:36-50. Epub 2018 May 24.

Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research, University of Concepcion, Barrio Universitario s/n, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:

The increasing capacity of transcriptomic analysis by high throughput sequencing has highlighted the presence of a large proportion of transcripts that do not encode proteins. In particular, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are sequences with low coding potential and conservation among species. Moreover, cumulative evidence has revealed important roles in post-transcriptional gene modulation in several taxa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dci.2018.05.016DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Oral ivermectin for the treatment of head lice infestation.

Am J Health Syst Pharm 2018 Jul 22;75(13):937-943. Epub 2018 May 22.

School of Pharmacy, Wingate University, Wingate, NC

Purpose: Published literature describing the use of oral ivermectin for the treatment of head lice infestation is reviewed.

Summary: In the United States and globally, head lice infestation, or pediculosis capitis, remains a public health issue with both social and medical implications. Treatment with oral or topical medications is typically required for head lice eradication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2146/ajhp170464DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Treatment of Scabies and Pediculosis in Health Education Publications and Folk Medicine of Eastern Croatia - Slavonija, Baranja, and Western Srijem County.

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2018 Apr;26(1):33-38

Ivanka Muršić, MD, University Hospital Centre Osijek, Department of Dermatology and Venereology J. Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Croatia;

Scabies and pediculosis are common parasitic infestations of the skin and hair, manifesting with intense pruritus and effectively treated with modern medications. Because of the attached social stigma linking it with poverty and poor hygiene, patients will often attempt alternative folk-based remedies before confiding in their physicians. We conducted a comprehensive bibliographical study of historic folk literature and interviewed 70 individuals experienced in everyday application of folk medicine in order to categorize available remedies and provide a modern, scientific comment on their effectiveness and dangers. Read More

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April 2018
15 Reads

A Case of Felicola subrostratus (Burmeister, 1838) (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) on a Cat (Felis catus).

Authors:
Bilal Dik

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2018 Mar;42(1):96-100

Selçuk Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Konya, Türkiye.

We present this case report to provide information about Felicola subrostratus (Burmeister, 1838) (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) detected on a 2-year-old stray cat (Felis catus) brought for treatment to a veterinary clinic in Kocaeli, Turkey. Macroscopically, severe louse infestation was detected on the cat. Some of the lice on the cat were collected using forceps and preserved in 70% ethanol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tpd.2018.5634DOI Listing
March 2018
1 Read