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    1 OF 63

    Changing Demographics and Prevalence of Body Lice among Homeless Persons, Marseille, France.
    Emerg Infect Dis 2017 Nov;23(11):1894-1897
    The prevalence of body lice among 2,288 sheltered homeless persons in the city of Marseille during 2000-2017 was 12.2% and significantly decreased over time. We report a positive association between body lice infestations and older age, duration of stays in France for migrants, frequent consumption of alcohol, and tobacco smoking. Read More

    The drivers of sea lice management policies and how best to integrate them into a risk management strategy: An ecosystem approach to sea lice management.
    J Fish Dis 2017 Oct 13. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    Fisheries Directorate, Oslo, Norway.
    The control of sea lice infestations on cultivated Atlantic salmon is a major issue in many regions of the world. The numerous drivers which shape the priorities and objectives of the control strategies vary for different regions/jurisdictions. These range from the animal welfare and economic priorities of the producers, to the mitigation of any potential impacts on wild stocks. Read More

    [Pediculus capitis in schoolchildren of the urban area of Nuevo León, México: Analyses of associated factors].
    Biomedica 2017 Sep 1;37(3):333-340. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Departamento de Zoología de Invertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Nuevo León, México.
    Introduction: Pediculosis capitis is a recurring problem affecting 6 to 12 millions of children annually; there are no epidemiological data on this subject in the state of Nuevo León, and there are few in México. Therefore, new contributions are needed to design control strategies based on factors that may predispose to head lice infestation.

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of Pediculus capitis in primary school children and to evaluate risk factors and individual or socioeconomic characteristics statistically associated with infestation. Read More

    Detection of bacterial pathogens including potential new species in human head lice from Mali.
    PLoS One 2017 20;12(9):e0184621. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD, INSERM, AP-HM, URMITE, IHU - Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.
    In poor African countries, where no medical and biological facilities are available, the identification of potential emerging pathogens of concern at an early stage is challenging. Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, have a short life, feed only on human blood and do not transmit pathogens to their progeny. They are, therefore, a perfect tool for the xenodiagnosis of current or recent human infection. Read More

    Efficacy of fluralaner (Bravecto™ chewable tablets) for the treatment of naturally acquired Linognathus setosus infestations on dogs.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Sep 18;10(1):426. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    MSD Animal Health Innovation GmbH, Research Antiparasitics, Zur Propstei, 55270, Schwabenheim, Germany.
    Background: The clinical efficacy of fluralaner chewable tablets (Bravecto™, MSD Animal Health) against naturally acquired Linognathus setosus infestations on dogs was evaluated compared with permethrin (Exspot®, MSD Animal Health) treatment.

    Methods: Privately-owned dogs naturally infested with L. setosus from 21 different households were randomly allocated to two treatment groups. Read More

    Behavioural responses of infective-stage copepodids of the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Copepoda:Caligidae) to host-related sensory cues.
    J Fish Dis 2017 Sep 17. Epub 2017 Sep 17.
    Institute of Marine Research, Austevoll Research Station, Storebø, Norway.
    The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis [Krøyer]) is an ectoparasitic copepod that causes disease in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and may play a role in the decline of some wild salmonid populations. Controlling lice infestations is a major cost for the salmon industry; this has stimulated the pursuit of alternative approaches to controlling them. One such approach involves determining, and then disrupting, the sensory cues used by the parasite to find its host. Read More

    Safety, Efficacy, and Physicochemical Characterization of Tinospora crispa Ointment: A Community-Based Formulation against Pediculus humanus capitis.
    Korean J Parasitol 2017 Aug 31;55(4):409-416. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Ermita, Manila 1000, the Philippines.
    The high prevalence of pediculosis capitis, commonly known as head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation, has led to the preparation of a community-based pediculicidal ointment, which is made of common household items and the extract of Tinospora crispa stem. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and physicochemical characteristics of the T. crispa pediculicidal ointment. Read More

    A study on prevalence and factors associated with ectoparasitism in goats of two agro-climatic regions in India.
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Sep 19;41(3):739-746. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
    Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly, UP India.
    The present study was aimed to evaluate the factors associated with prevalence of various ectoparasites among goats during winter season in two different agro-climatic regions of India. A total of 320 goats (Uttarakhand-208; Uttar Pradesh-112) were screened and evaluated for ectoparasitism and associated factors. The occurrence of ectoparasitism in goats was studied in relation with age, sex, breed, housing, agro-climatic region and system of rearing. Read More

    Adult Onset Hair Casts: Nits Which Do Not Itch!
    Int J Trichology 2017 Apr-Jun;9(2):70-72
    Department of Dermatology, Civil Hospital, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
    Hair casts (HCs) are thin, elongated, firm, whitish cylindrical concretions which ensheath the hair shaft and can be easily dislodge. They are of two different types: peripilar and parakeratotic keratin cast. Due to its clinical resemblance to pediculosis capitis, the entity is also known as pseudonits. Read More

    Genetic diversity of the human head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, among primary school girls in Saudi Arabia, with reference to their prevalence.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Aug 13. Epub 2017 Aug 13.
    Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Orman, 12613, Giza, Postal Code 12613, Egypt.
    The present work aimed at investigating the genetic diversity of the head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (P. humanus capitis) among infested primary school girls at Bisha governorate, Saudi Arabia, based on the sequence of mitochondrial cytochrome b (mt cyt b) gene of 121 P. humanus capitis adults. Read More

    [Diseases affecting the scalp].
    Cas Lek Cesk 2017 ;156(3):137-140
    The skin of the scalp differs from the skin on the other areas of the body because of a higher density of hair follicles and higher sebum production. These, together with the presence of hair, provide a suitable environment for superficial infections, infestations and inflammatory diseases. The good condition of the scalp has a significant impact on the patient's mental well-being and social interaction. Read More

    European guideline for the management of pediculosis pubis.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Sep 16;31(9):1425-1428. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Department of Dermatology II, Colentina Clinical Hospital, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.
    Pediculosis pubis is caused by Phthirus pubis. The disease can be sexually transmitted. Patients main complain is of itch in the pubic area. Read More

    Chewing lice from wild birds in northern Greece.
    Parasitol Int 2017 Oct 12;66(5):699-706. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address:
    Greece represents an important area for wild birds due to its geographical position and habitat diversity. Although the bird species in Greece are well recorded, the information about the chewing lice that infest them is practically non-existent. Thus, the aim of the present study was to record the species of lice infesting wild birds in northern Greece and furthermore, to associate the infestation prevalence with factors such as the age, sex, migration and social behaviour of the host as well as the time of the year. Read More

    Are scabies and impetigo "normalised"? A cross-sectional comparative study of hospitalised children in northern Australia assessing clinical recognition and treatment of skin infections.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jul 3;11(7):e0005726. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia.
    Background: Complications of scabies and impetigo such as glomerulonephritis and invasive bacterial infection in Australian Aboriginal children remain significant problems and the overall global burden of disease attributable to these skin infections remains high despite the availability of effective treatment. We hypothesised that one factor contributing to this high burden is that skin infection is under-recognised and hence under-treated, in settings where prevalence is high.

    Methods: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study to assess the burden of scabies, impetigo, tinea and pediculosis in children admitted to two regional Australian hospitals from October 2015 to January 2016. Read More

    Control of lice infestation in horses using a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin topical application.
    Ir Vet J 2017 19;70:22. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    UDEAR, Université de Toulouse, INSERM, ENVT, 23 chemin des Capelles, 31076 Toulouse, France.
    Background: Two open-controlled studies evaluated the tolerance and the efficacy of a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin-based pour-on solution (Deltanil®; Virbac, France) in treating (study 1) and preventing (study 2) natural Damalinia equi infestations in horses. In study 1, seven adult horses received 10 mL of the solution from mane to tail head on day 0 (D0). Four adult horses, living separately, served as non-treated controls. Read More

    Impact of theory-based educational intervention on explaining preventive pediculosis infestation behavior among primary school students.
    Electron Physician 2017 Apr 25;9(4):4101-4107. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    Ph.D. of Biostatistics, Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background: Despite the fact that improved health, social, and economic situations have significantly affected the reduction of its infestation, pediculosis is still spreading worldwide.

    Aim: This study is conducted to evaluate the explanatory power of health belief model constructs in adoption of preventive pediculosis infestation behavior in female primary school students.

    Methods: This study involves two stages. Read More

    Lice induced immuno-oxidative wreckage of goats.
    Vet Parasitol 2017 Aug 24;242:24-30. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, UP, 243122, India.
    The present study aimed to evaluate the immuno-oxidative patho-biology of lice infestation in goats. Sixty goats were divided into five groups; sucking lice (Linognathus africanus) infested (Group 1, n=12), chewing lice (Bovicola caprae) infested-mild (Group 2, n=12), chewing lice (B. caprae) infested-moderate (Group 3, n=12), chewing lice (B. Read More

    Microbes and masculinity: Does exposure to pathogenic cues alter women's preferences for male facial masculinity and beardedness?
    PLoS One 2017 8;12(6):e0178206. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Women's preferences for men's androgen dependent secondary sexual traits are proposed to be phenotypically plastic in response to exposure to pathogens and pathogen disgust. While previous studies report that masculinity in facial shape is more attractive to women who have recently been exposed to pathogenic cues and who are high in self-reported pathogen disgust, facial hair may reduce male attractiveness under conditions of high pathogens as beards are a possible breeding ground for disease carrying ectoparasites. In the present study, we test whether women's preferences for beardedness and facial masculinity vary due to exposure to different pathogenic cues. Read More

    Ionotropic receptors signal host recognition in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Copepoda).
    PLoS One 2017 5;12(6):e0178812. Epub 2017 Jun 5.
    Sea Lice Research Centre, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    A remarkable feature of many parasites is a high degree of host specificity but the mechanisms behind are poorly understood. A major challenge for parasites is to identify and infect a suitable host. Many species show a high degree of host specificity, being able to survive only on one or a few related host species. Read More

    Identification of Novel Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Mutations in Human Head and Body Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae).
    J Med Entomol 2017 Sep;54(5):1337-1343
    Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia 5756115111, Iran.
    In recent years, the increase of head louse infestation in Iran (7.4%) and especially in West-Azerbaijan Province (248%) has raised the hypothesis of insecticide resistance development. There are different mechanisms of resistance to various groups of insecticides, and knockdown resistance (kdr) is a prominent mechanism of resistance to pyrethroids, an insecticide group which is used conventionally for pediculosis control. Read More

    Studies on the antibody response and side effects after intramuscular and intraperitoneal injection of Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) with different oil-based vaccines.
    J Fish Dis 2017 May 26. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.
    Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) is used as a biological delousing agent for sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis K.) infestations in Norwegian aquaculture. Read More

    [Trichomycosis (trichobacteriosis) capitis in an infant: Microbiological, dermoscopic and ultrastructural features].
    Rev Chil Pediatr 2017 Apr;88(2):258-262
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Infantil de México Dr. Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México, México.
    Trichomycosis is a superficial infection caused by Corynebacterium flavescens, which regularly affects axillary, and to a a lesser extent, pubic, scrotal and intergluteal, and exceptionally, head hairs or trichomycosis capitis (TC). This condition is characterised by the formation of bacterial nodules. Clinically, it can be confused with white piedra or pediculosis. Read More

    Ivermectin lipid-based nanocarriers as novel formulations against head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Aug 18;116(8):2111-2117. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Centro de Investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas (CONICET- UNIDEF), Juan Bautista de La Salle 4397, B1603ALO, Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    The use of pyrethroids to control the human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Anoplura: Pediculidae), has suffered considerable loss of efficacy due to the evolution of resistance. Thus, the development of efficiently insecticide delivery systems is imperative for the control of head lice. We studied the insecticidal activity of ivermectin-loaded lipid nanocapsules (IVM-LNC) against permethrin-resistant head lice from Argentina. Read More

    Randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study with lice shampoo (Licener®) versus dimethicone (Jacutin® Pedicul Fluid) for the treatment of infestations with head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Jul 9;116(7):1863-1870. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Clinic for Dermatology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    The present clinical trial was conducted to obtain additional data for the safety and efficacy of a head lice shampoo that is free of silicone compared with an anti-head lice product containing dimethicone. Both products act by a physical mode of action. This randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study was conducted between July and November 2016 in households of two villages (Abou Rawash and Shandalat) in Egypt. Read More

    Case report: a new method for treatment of permethrin - resistant head lice.
    Clin Case Rep 2017 May 17;5(5):601-604. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Department of PathobiologySchool of Veterinary MedicineShiraz University1731Shiraz71345Iran.
    Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation is an important disease worldwide, especially in children under 11 years old. Permethrin is the most common insecticide for treatment of human pediculosis, but nowadays resistance to permethrin and other pyrethroids has caused many treatment failures. The second treatment of choice is malathion. Read More

    'Snorkel' lice barrier technology reduced two co- occurring parasites, the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) and the amoebic gill disease causing agent (Neoparamoeba perurans), in commercial salmon sea-cages.
    Prev Vet Med 2017 May 10;140:97-105. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    Institute of Marine Research, Matredal 5984, Norway.
    Diverse chemical-free parasite controls are gaining status in Atlantic salmon sea-cage farming. Yet, the intricacies of their use at commercial scale, including effects on co-occurring parasites, are seldom reported. A new salmon lice prevention method involves installing a deep net roof and 'snorkel' lice barrier in cages to shelter salmon from free-living infective larvae which concentrate at shallow depths, and allows salmon to jump and re- inflate their buoyancy-regulating swim bladder by swallowing air. Read More

    Effect of pyrethroid treatment against sea lice in salmon farming regarding consumers' health.
    Food Chem Toxicol 2017 Jul 27;105:347-354. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research Studies (IDAEA), Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), H(2)O Building, Scientific and Technological Park of the University of Girona, Emili Grahit 101, 17003 Girona, Spain. Electronic address:
    Pyrethroids are the most popular drug against sea lice in salmon farming. Although they are more toxic to insects, they have toxic effects in mammals. Pyrethroids were detected in 100% of farmed salmon with a mean concentration of 1. Read More

    Recognizing common parasitic infestations.
    JAAPA 2017 May;30(5):1-6
    Judy Truscott is program director and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University in Pittsburgh, Pa. Alyssa Abebe is an assistant professor at Chatham University and practices at an HIV research clinic at the University of Pittsburgh. Kelly Donkers is academic coordinator and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University. Daria Segers is a senior PA with the University of Pittsburgh Physicians. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
    Parasitic infestations commonly are seen in patients in primary care, urgent care, and EDs. These infestations are a common cause of pruritus and may lead to secondary infestations. This article reviews the signs and symptoms of pinworms, lice, bedbug, and scabies infestations, as well as diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Read More

    Exotic "Gill Lice" Species (Copepoda: Lernaeopodidae: Salmincola SPP.) Infect Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in the Southeastern United States.
    J Parasitol 2017 Aug 21;103(4):377-389. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Aquatic Parasitology Laboratory, School of Fisheries, Aquaculture, and Aquatic Sciences and Southeastern Cooperative Fish Parasite and Disease Project (SCFPDL), Auburn University, 203 Swingle Hall, Auburn, Alabama 36849.
    Salmincola californiensis infected 25 of 31 (prevalence 0.8; intensity 2-35 [mean 6.6 ± standard deviation 7. Read More

    Molecular Markers of Pesticide Resistance and Pathogens in Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) From Rural Georgia, USA.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Jul;54(4):1067-1072
    College of Science and Mathematics, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458.
    Although the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, and body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., both have a worldwide distribution, the occurrence of head louse pediculosis appears to be more prevalent in modern societies despite systematic use of various pediculicides. This study tested head lice collected in rural Georgia and body lice collected in Russia for the prevalence of a kdr-biomarker that is associated with permethrin resistance. Read More

    First Detection of the Kdr Mutation T929I in Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Schoolchildren of the Metropolitan Area of Nuevo Leon and Yucatan, Mexico.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Jul;54(4):1025-1030
    Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., 66451 México.
    The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that inhabits the human scalp. Infestations by this insect are commonly known as pediculosis, which is more common in younger groups. These infestations are asymptomatic; however, skin irritation from scratching occasionally may cause secondary bacterial infections. Read More

    Skin diseases of the vulva: Infectious diseases.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 Oct 11;37(7):840-848. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    a Department of Dermatology , Bispebjerg Hospital , Copenhagen , Denmark.
    A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area. Read More

    Orbital Myiasis with Scalp Pediculosis and Buccal Abscess-An Uncommon Presentation.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Feb 1;11(2):OD01-OD02. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Hospital Trust , Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India .
    We present a case of severe orbital myiasis caused by Osteris ovis, also known as sheep nasal botfly which is an uncommon manifestation of maggot infestation. Our patient was successfully treated with oral as well as topical ivermectin. The experience of ivermectin as an anti-parasitic agent in the treatment of orbital myiasis, although a known entity, is still limited among medical professionals including ophthalmologists. Read More

    A new species of the genus Amyrsidea (Phthiraptera: Amblycera: Menoponidae) parasitizing domestic chickens in Saudi Arabia.
    Zootaxa 2017 Mar 2;4238(2):zootaxa.4238.2.5. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    Research Chair of Insect Vector Borne Diseases, Department of Plant Protection, College of Food and Agriculture Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Amyrsidea Ewing, 1927 is a genus of chewing lice comprising 52 species, divided into five subgenera: Amyrsidea sensu stricto, Argimenopon Eichler, 1947, Cracimenopon Carriker, 1954, Desumenopon Carriker, 1954 and Numidimenopon Scharf & Price, 1977 (see Price et al. 2003: 86), which parasitise a wide range of hosts belonging to the avian order Galliformes (see Price et al. 2003: 321). Read More

    Prevalence and predictors of pediculosis capitis among primary school children in Hulu Langat, Selangor.
    Med J Malaysia 2017 Feb;72(1):12-17
    Universiti Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Community Health, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Introduction: Pediculosis capitis infestation is endemic in both developing and developed countries leading to various physical, economical and psychological consequences. Our main objective was to determine the prevalence and predictors of pediculosis capitis among primary school children in Hulu Langat District, Malaysia.

    Methods: An analytic cross-sectional study using cluster random sampling method was carried out in Hulu Langat District, Malaysia. Read More

    Bartonella species pathogenic for humans infect pets, free-ranging wild mammals and their ectoparasites in the Caatinga biome, Northeastern Brazil: a serological and molecular study.
    Braz J Infect Dis 2017 May - Jun;21(3):290-296. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco (Univasf), Laboratório de Doenças Parasitárias, Petrolina, PE, Brazil. Electronic address:
    This study verified the occurrence of Bartonella spp. in dogs, cats, wild mammals and their ectoparasites in Petrolina and Lagoa Grande Counties, Pernambuco, located in a semi-arid region in Northeastern Brazil. Anti-Bartonella spp. Read More

    The Dynamics of the Defense Strategy of Pea Induced by Exogenous Nitric Oxide in Response to Aphid Infestation.
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Feb 5;18(2). Epub 2017 Feb 5.
    Department of Plant Physiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Poland.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous nitric oxide (NO), i.e., S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), on the metabolic status of Pisum sativum L. Read More

    Flammability testing of 22 conventional European pediculicides.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Apr 2;116(4):1189-1196. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University, Max-von-Laue-Str. 13, D-60438, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.
    Lice have been parasitizing humans for at least 10,000 years. Since then, humans have tried to rid themselves of these unpleasant and potentially disease-carrying insects. Despite various plant extracts and chemical compounds being used to combat recurring infestations to this date, several lice populations have developed resistance to some of the abundantly used compounds. Read More

    The use of genomic information increases the accuracy of breeding value predictions for sea louse (Caligus rogercresseyi) resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
    Genet Sel Evol 2017 01 31;49(1):15. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Av Santa Rosa 11735, La Pintana, Chile.
    Sea lice infestations caused by Caligus rogercresseyi are a main concern to the salmon farming industry due to associated economic losses. Resistance to this parasite was shown to have low to moderate genetic variation and its genetic architecture was suggested to be polygenic. The aim of this study was to compare accuracies of breeding value predictions obtained with pedigree-based best linear unbiased prediction (P-BLUP) methodology against different genomic prediction approaches: genomic BLUP (G-BLUP), Bayesian Lasso, and Bayes C. Read More

    Pregnancy during Adolescence and Associated Risks: An 8-Year Hospital-Based Cohort Study (2007-2014) in Romania, the Country with the Highest Rate of Teenage Pregnancy in Europe.
    Biomed Res Int 2017 4;2017:9205016. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Gr. T. Popa" Iasi, Iasi, Romania.
    Aim. To determine pregnancy and delivery outcomes among teenagers. Materials and Methods. Read More

    Slender-horned gazelle (Gazella leptoceros), a new host for Tricholipeurus balanicus (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Trichodectidae).
    Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2016 Dec;40(4):211-214
    Department of Parasitology, Selçuk University School of Veterinary, Konya, Turkey.
    This study was performed to provide information on Tricholipeurus balanicus (Werneck 1938) detected on slender-horned gazelles (Gazella leptoceros) (Cuvier 1842). Four slender-horned gazelles kept in the El Hamma Zoological Garden in Algeria were examined for lice in April 2015. Three of the four gazelles were infested with lice; of 37 lice collected from the infested animals, 14 were females, 16 were males, and 7 were nymphs. Read More

    Efficacy of Peer Education for Adopting Preventive Behaviors against Head Lice Infestation in Female Elementary School Students: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
    PLoS One 2017 10;12(1):e0169361. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Public Health Department, School of Health, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background: Pediculosis is a common parasitic infestation in students worldwide, including Iran. This condition is more prevalent in populous and deprived communities with poor personal hygiene. This study sought to assess the efficacy of peer education for adopting preventive behaviors against pediculosis in female elementary school students based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). Read More

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