J Vet Diagn Invest 2016 Jul 30;28(4):399-407. Epub 2016 May 30.
Wildlife Health Center (Roug, Johnson), School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CADepartment of Molecular Biosciences (Puschner), School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CAUtah Division of Wildlife Resources, Salt Lake City, UT (Roug)California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Rancho Cordova, CA (Swift, Torres)California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Fresno, CA (Gerstenberg)U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Science, Technology, and Analysis Services, National Veterinary Services Laboratories, Ames, IA (Mertins)Oregon State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Corvallis, OR (Mortensen)California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA (Woods)
Infestation with nonnative, "exotic" lice was first noted in Washington black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus) in 1994 and has since then spread throughout the western United States. In California, infestation with the exotic louse Damalinia (Cervicola) sp. was first detected in black-tailed deer from northern California in 2004, and, in 2009, the exotic louse species Bovicola tibialis and Linognathus africanus were identified on mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus californicus) in central Sierra Nevada in association with a mortality event. Read More