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    3103 results match your criteria Pediculosis

    1 OF 63

    Genetic diversity of the human head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, among primary school girls in Saudi Arabia, with reference to their prevalence.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Aug 13. Epub 2017 Aug 13.
    Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Orman, 12613, Giza, Postal Code 12613, Egypt.
    The present work aimed at investigating the genetic diversity of the head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (P. humanus capitis) among infested primary school girls at Bisha governorate, Saudi Arabia, based on the sequence of mitochondrial cytochrome b (mt cyt b) gene of 121 P. humanus capitis adults. Read More

    [Diseases affecting the scalp].
    Cas Lek Cesk 2017 ;156(3):137-140
    The skin of the scalp differs from the skin on the other areas of the body because of a higher density of hair follicles and higher sebum production. These, together with the presence of hair, provide a suitable environment for superficial infections, infestations and inflammatory diseases. The good condition of the scalp has a significant impact on the patient's mental well-being and social interaction. Read More

    European guideline for the management of pediculosis pubis.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Jul 16. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Department of Dermatology II, Colentina Clinical Hospital, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.
    Pediculosis pubis is caused by Phthirus pubis. The disease can be sexually transmitted. Patients main complain is of itch in the pubic area. Read More

    Chewing lice from wild birds in northern Greece.
    Parasitol Int 2017 Oct 12;66(5):699-706. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address:
    Greece represents an important area for wild birds due to its geographical position and habitat diversity. Although the bird species in Greece are well recorded, the information about the chewing lice that infest them is practically non-existent. Thus, the aim of the present study was to record the species of lice infesting wild birds in northern Greece and furthermore, to associate the infestation prevalence with factors such as the age, sex, migration and social behaviour of the host as well as the time of the year. Read More

    Are scabies and impetigo "normalised"? A cross-sectional comparative study of hospitalised children in northern Australia assessing clinical recognition and treatment of skin infections.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jul 3;11(7):e0005726. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia.
    Background: Complications of scabies and impetigo such as glomerulonephritis and invasive bacterial infection in Australian Aboriginal children remain significant problems and the overall global burden of disease attributable to these skin infections remains high despite the availability of effective treatment. We hypothesised that one factor contributing to this high burden is that skin infection is under-recognised and hence under-treated, in settings where prevalence is high.

    Methods: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study to assess the burden of scabies, impetigo, tinea and pediculosis in children admitted to two regional Australian hospitals from October 2015 to January 2016. Read More

    Control of lice infestation in horses using a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin topical application.
    Ir Vet J 2017 19;70:22. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    UDEAR, Université de Toulouse, INSERM, ENVT, 23 chemin des Capelles, 31076 Toulouse, France.
    Background: Two open-controlled studies evaluated the tolerance and the efficacy of a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin-based pour-on solution (Deltanil®; Virbac, France) in treating (study 1) and preventing (study 2) natural Damalinia equi infestations in horses. In study 1, seven adult horses received 10 mL of the solution from mane to tail head on day 0 (D0). Four adult horses, living separately, served as non-treated controls. Read More

    Impact of theory-based educational intervention on explaining preventive pediculosis infestation behavior among primary school students.
    Electron Physician 2017 Apr 25;9(4):4101-4107. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    Ph.D. of Biostatistics, Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background: Despite the fact that improved health, social, and economic situations have significantly affected the reduction of its infestation, pediculosis is still spreading worldwide.

    Aim: This study is conducted to evaluate the explanatory power of health belief model constructs in adoption of preventive pediculosis infestation behavior in female primary school students.

    Methods: This study involves two stages. Read More

    Lice induced immuno-oxidative wreckage of goats.
    Vet Parasitol 2017 Aug 24;242:24-30. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, UP, 243122, India.
    The present study aimed to evaluate the immuno-oxidative patho-biology of lice infestation in goats. Sixty goats were divided into five groups; sucking lice (Linognathus africanus) infested (Group 1, n=12), chewing lice (Bovicola caprae) infested-mild (Group 2, n=12), chewing lice (B. caprae) infested-moderate (Group 3, n=12), chewing lice (B. Read More

    Identification of Novel Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Mutations in Human Head and Body Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae).
    J Med Entomol 2017 May 26. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia 5756115111, Iran ( ; ; ).
    In recent years, the increase of head louse infestation in Iran (7.4%) and especially in West-Azerbaijan Province (248%) has raised the hypothesis of insecticide resistance development. There are different mechanisms of resistance to various groups of insecticides, and knockdown resistance (kdr) is a prominent mechanism of resistance to pyrethroids, an insecticide group which is used conventionally for pediculosis control. Read More

    Studies on the antibody response and side effects after intramuscular and intraperitoneal injection of Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) with different oil-based vaccines.
    J Fish Dis 2017 May 26. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.
    Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) is used as a biological delousing agent for sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis K.) infestations in Norwegian aquaculture. Read More

    [Trichomycosis (trichobacteriosis) capitis in an infant: Microbiological, dermoscopic and ultrastructural features].
    Rev Chil Pediatr 2017 Apr;88(2):258-262
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Infantil de México Dr. Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México, México.
    Trichomycosis is a superficial infection caused by Corynebacterium flavescens, which regularly affects axillary, and to a a lesser extent, pubic, scrotal and intergluteal, and exceptionally, head hairs or trichomycosis capitis (TC). This condition is characterised by the formation of bacterial nodules. Clinically, it can be confused with white piedra or pediculosis. Read More

    Ivermectin lipid-based nanocarriers as novel formulations against head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Aug 18;116(8):2111-2117. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Centro de Investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas (CONICET- UNIDEF), Juan Bautista de La Salle 4397, B1603ALO, Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    The use of pyrethroids to control the human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Anoplura: Pediculidae), has suffered considerable loss of efficacy due to the evolution of resistance. Thus, the development of efficiently insecticide delivery systems is imperative for the control of head lice. We studied the insecticidal activity of ivermectin-loaded lipid nanocapsules (IVM-LNC) against permethrin-resistant head lice from Argentina. Read More

    Randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study with lice shampoo (Licener®) versus dimethicone (Jacutin® Pedicul Fluid) for the treatment of infestations with head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Jul 9;116(7):1863-1870. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Clinic for Dermatology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    The present clinical trial was conducted to obtain additional data for the safety and efficacy of a head lice shampoo that is free of silicone compared with an anti-head lice product containing dimethicone. Both products act by a physical mode of action. This randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study was conducted between July and November 2016 in households of two villages (Abou Rawash and Shandalat) in Egypt. Read More

    Case report: a new method for treatment of permethrin - resistant head lice.
    Clin Case Rep 2017 May 17;5(5):601-604. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Department of PathobiologySchool of Veterinary MedicineShiraz University1731Shiraz71345Iran.
    Head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation is an important disease worldwide, especially in children under 11 years old. Permethrin is the most common insecticide for treatment of human pediculosis, but nowadays resistance to permethrin and other pyrethroids has caused many treatment failures. The second treatment of choice is malathion. Read More

    'Snorkel' lice barrier technology reduced two co- occurring parasites, the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) and the amoebic gill disease causing agent (Neoparamoeba perurans), in commercial salmon sea-cages.
    Prev Vet Med 2017 May 10;140:97-105. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    Institute of Marine Research, Matredal 5984, Norway.
    Diverse chemical-free parasite controls are gaining status in Atlantic salmon sea-cage farming. Yet, the intricacies of their use at commercial scale, including effects on co-occurring parasites, are seldom reported. A new salmon lice prevention method involves installing a deep net roof and 'snorkel' lice barrier in cages to shelter salmon from free-living infective larvae which concentrate at shallow depths, and allows salmon to jump and re- inflate their buoyancy-regulating swim bladder by swallowing air. Read More

    Recognizing common parasitic infestations.
    JAAPA 2017 May;30(5):1-6
    Judy Truscott is program director and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University in Pittsburgh, Pa. Alyssa Abebe is an assistant professor at Chatham University and practices at an HIV research clinic at the University of Pittsburgh. Kelly Donkers is academic coordinator and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University. Daria Segers is a senior PA with the University of Pittsburgh Physicians. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
    Parasitic infestations commonly are seen in patients in primary care, urgent care, and EDs. These infestations are a common cause of pruritus and may lead to secondary infestations. This article reviews the signs and symptoms of pinworms, lice, bedbug, and scabies infestations, as well as diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Read More

    Exotic "Gill Lice" Species (Copepoda: Lernaeopodidae: Salmincola SPP.) Infect Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in the Southeastern United States.
    J Parasitol 2017 Aug 21;103(4):377-389. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Aquatic Parasitology Laboratory, School of Fisheries, Aquaculture, and Aquatic Sciences and Southeastern Cooperative Fish Parasite and Disease Project (SCFPDL), Auburn University, 203 Swingle Hall, Auburn, Alabama 36849.
    Salmincola californiensis infected 25 of 31 (prevalence 0.8; intensity 2-35 [mean 6.6 ± standard deviation 7. Read More

    Molecular Markers of Pesticide Resistance and Pathogens in Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) From Rural Georgia, USA.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 2. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    College of Science and Mathematics, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458
    Although the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, and body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., both have a worldwide distribution, the occurrence of head louse pediculosis appears to be more prevalent in modern societies despite systematic use of various pediculicides. This study tested head lice collected in rural Georgia and body lice collected in Russia for the prevalence of a kdr-biomarker that is associated with permethrin resistance. Read More

    First Detection of the Kdr Mutation T929I in Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Schoolchildren of the Metropolitan Area of Nuevo Leon and Yucatan, Mexico.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar 3. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., 66451 México
    The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that inhabits the human scalp. Infestations by this insect are commonly known as pediculosis, which is more common in younger groups. These infestations are asymptomatic; however, skin irritation from scratching occasionally may cause secondary bacterial infections. Read More

    Skin diseases of the vulva: Infectious diseases.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 Apr 11:1-9. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    a Department of Dermatology , Bispebjerg Hospital , Copenhagen , Denmark.
    A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area. Read More

    Orbital Myiasis with Scalp Pediculosis and Buccal Abscess-An Uncommon Presentation.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Feb 1;11(2):OD01-OD02. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Hospital Trust , Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India .
    We present a case of severe orbital myiasis caused by Osteris ovis, also known as sheep nasal botfly which is an uncommon manifestation of maggot infestation. Our patient was successfully treated with oral as well as topical ivermectin. The experience of ivermectin as an anti-parasitic agent in the treatment of orbital myiasis, although a known entity, is still limited among medical professionals including ophthalmologists. Read More

    A new species of the genus Amyrsidea (Phthiraptera: Amblycera: Menoponidae) parasitizing domestic chickens in Saudi Arabia.
    Zootaxa 2017 Mar 2;4238(2):zootaxa.4238.2.5. Epub 2017 Mar 2.
    Research Chair of Insect Vector Borne Diseases, Department of Plant Protection, College of Food and Agriculture Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Amyrsidea Ewing, 1927 is a genus of chewing lice comprising 52 species, divided into five subgenera: Amyrsidea sensu stricto, Argimenopon Eichler, 1947, Cracimenopon Carriker, 1954, Desumenopon Carriker, 1954 and Numidimenopon Scharf & Price, 1977 (see Price et al. 2003: 86), which parasitise a wide range of hosts belonging to the avian order Galliformes (see Price et al. 2003: 321). Read More

    Prevalence and predictors of pediculosis capitis among primary school children in Hulu Langat, Selangor.
    Med J Malaysia 2017 Feb;72(1):12-17
    Universiti Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Community Health, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Introduction: Pediculosis capitis infestation is endemic in both developing and developed countries leading to various physical, economical and psychological consequences. Our main objective was to determine the prevalence and predictors of pediculosis capitis among primary school children in Hulu Langat District, Malaysia.

    Methods: An analytic cross-sectional study using cluster random sampling method was carried out in Hulu Langat District, Malaysia. Read More

    The Dynamics of the Defense Strategy of Pea Induced by Exogenous Nitric Oxide in Response to Aphid Infestation.
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Feb 5;18(2). Epub 2017 Feb 5.
    Department of Plant Physiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań, Poland.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exogenous nitric oxide (NO), i.e., S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), on the metabolic status of Pisum sativum L. Read More

    Flammability testing of 22 conventional European pediculicides.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Apr 2;116(4):1189-1196. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University, Max-von-Laue-Str. 13, D-60438, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.
    Lice have been parasitizing humans for at least 10,000 years. Since then, humans have tried to rid themselves of these unpleasant and potentially disease-carrying insects. Despite various plant extracts and chemical compounds being used to combat recurring infestations to this date, several lice populations have developed resistance to some of the abundantly used compounds. Read More

    The use of genomic information increases the accuracy of breeding value predictions for sea louse (Caligus rogercresseyi) resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
    Genet Sel Evol 2017 01 31;49(1):15. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Av Santa Rosa 11735, La Pintana, Chile.
    Sea lice infestations caused by Caligus rogercresseyi are a main concern to the salmon farming industry due to associated economic losses. Resistance to this parasite was shown to have low to moderate genetic variation and its genetic architecture was suggested to be polygenic. The aim of this study was to compare accuracies of breeding value predictions obtained with pedigree-based best linear unbiased prediction (P-BLUP) methodology against different genomic prediction approaches: genomic BLUP (G-BLUP), Bayesian Lasso, and Bayes C. Read More

    Pregnancy during Adolescence and Associated Risks: An 8-Year Hospital-Based Cohort Study (2007-2014) in Romania, the Country with the Highest Rate of Teenage Pregnancy in Europe.
    Biomed Res Int 2017 4;2017:9205016. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Gr. T. Popa" Iasi, Iasi, Romania.
    Aim. To determine pregnancy and delivery outcomes among teenagers. Materials and Methods. Read More

    Slender-horned gazelle (Gazella leptoceros), a new host for Tricholipeurus balanicus (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Trichodectidae).
    Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2016 Dec;40(4):211-214
    Department of Parasitology, Selçuk University School of Veterinary, Konya, Turkey.
    This study was performed to provide information on Tricholipeurus balanicus (Werneck 1938) detected on slender-horned gazelles (Gazella leptoceros) (Cuvier 1842). Four slender-horned gazelles kept in the El Hamma Zoological Garden in Algeria were examined for lice in April 2015. Three of the four gazelles were infested with lice; of 37 lice collected from the infested animals, 14 were females, 16 were males, and 7 were nymphs. Read More

    Efficacy of Peer Education for Adopting Preventive Behaviors against Head Lice Infestation in Female Elementary School Students: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
    PLoS One 2017 10;12(1):e0169361. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Public Health Department, School of Health, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background: Pediculosis is a common parasitic infestation in students worldwide, including Iran. This condition is more prevalent in populous and deprived communities with poor personal hygiene. This study sought to assess the efficacy of peer education for adopting preventive behaviors against pediculosis in female elementary school students based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). Read More

    An Assessment of Host Associations, Geographic Distributions, and Genetic Diversity of Avian Chewing Lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) from Benin.
    J Parasitol 2017 Apr 7;103(2):152-160. Epub 2017 Jan 7.
    Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843.
    Host associations of highly host-specific chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) across multiple avian species remains fairly undocumented in the West African country of Benin. Two hundred and seventeen bird specimens collected from multiple localities across Benin and housed at the Texas A&M University Biodiversity Research and Teaching Collections were examined for lice. Lice were identified and genetic data (mitochondrial COI and nuclear EF-1α genes) were obtained and phylogenetically analyzed. Read More

    Arrestant Effect of Human Scalp Components on Head Louse (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) Behavior.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Mar;54(2):258-263
    Centro de investigaciones de plagas e insecticidas (CITEDEF-CONICET), Juan Bautista de Lasalle 4397 (B1603ALO), Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Relevant evidence has shown that parasites process host-related information using chemical, visual, tactile, or auditory cues. However, the cues that are involved in the host-parasite interaction between Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer 1767) and humans have not been identified yet. In this work, we studied the effect of human scalp components on the behavior of adult head lice. Read More

    Evaluating the effect of synchronized sea lice treatments in Chile.
    Prev Vet Med 2017 Jan 22;136:1-10. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Centre for Veterinary Epidemiological Research, Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PE C1A 4P3, Canada.
    The sea louse is considered an important ectoparasite that affects farmed salmonids around the world. Sea lice control relies heavily on pharmacological treatments in several salmon-producing countries, including Chile. Among options for drug administration, immersion treatments represent the majority of antiparasitic control strategies used in Chile. Read More

    Managing aquatic parasites for reduced drug resistance: lessons from the land.
    J R Soc Interface 2016 Dec;13(125)
    Centre for Veterinary and Epidemiological Research, Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada C1A 4P3.
    Atlantic salmon farming is one of the largest aquaculture industries in the world. A major problem in salmon farms is the sea louse ectoparasite Lepeophtheirus salmonis, which can cause stress, secondary infection and sometimes mortality in the salmon host. Sea lice have substantial impacts on farm economics and potentially nearby wild salmonid populations. Read More

    Nutrigenomic effects of glucosinolates on liver, muscle and distal kidney in parasite-free and salmon louse infected Atlantic salmon.
    Parasit Vectors 2016 Dec 12;9(1):639. Epub 2016 Dec 12.
    Cargill Innovation Center, Puerto Montt, Chile.
    Background: Reduction of Lepeophtheirus salmonis infection in Atlantic salmon achieved by glucosinolates (GLs) from Brassica plants was recently reported. However, wider application of functional feeds based on GLs requires better knowledge of their positive and adverse effects.

    Methods: Liver, distal kidney and muscle transcriptomes of salmon exposed to the extreme dose of GLs were profiled by microarray, while qPCR analysis followed up selected hepatic and renal responses under the extreme and moderate GLs dose during the L. Read More

    Head Lice of Pygmies Reveal the Presence of Relapsing Fever Borreliae in the Republic of Congo.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Dec 2;10(12):e0005142. Epub 2016 Dec 2.
    Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France.
    Background: Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, occur in four divergent mitochondrial clades (A, B, C and D), each having particular geographical distributions. Recent studies suggest that head lice, as is the case of body lice, can act as a vector for louse-borne diseases. Therefore, understanding the genetic diversity of lice worldwide is of critical importance to our understanding of the risk of louse-borne diseases. Read More

    [Pediculicide effect of a Eucaliptus globulus L formulation].
    Rev Chilena Infectol 2016 Aug;33(4):433-437
    Introduction: Pediculosis capitis is a public health problem with a high prevalence. The emergence of parasite resistance to conventional pediculicide is of great concern worldwide.

    Objective: To develop alternatives pediculicide, effective and safe, based on the essential oil of Eucaliptus globulus. Read More

    Iron metabolism modulation in Atlantic salmon infested with the sea lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus rogercresseyi: A matter of nutritional immunity?
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 2017 Jan 22;60:97-102. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Department of Oceanography, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research, University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:
    Sea lice are copepodid ectoparasites that produce high economic losses and environmental issues, thus impacting the salmon aquaculture worldwide. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) from Northern and Southern Hemispheres are primarily parasitized by Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus rogercresseyi, respectively. To cope L. Read More

    Ectoparasite (louse, mite and tick) infestations on female turkeys (Galliformes, Phasianidae. Meleagris gallopavo) in Iran.
    J Parasit Dis 2016 Dec 14;40(4):1226-1229. Epub 2015 Feb 14.
    Veterinary Faculty, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
    Wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) were evaluated as potential hosts of ectoparasites. Different lice, ticks and mites can infest turkeys and cause direct and/or indirect harms and in some cases can also be fatal. Samples (feathers) were collected from lateral parts of 15 and 7 female turkeys' body of two different turkey flocks, in Rasht, Gilan province and Piranshahr, Western Azerbaijan province, Iran, respectively. Read More

    Assessment of oral ivermectin versus shampoo in the treatment of pediculosis (head lice infestation) in rural areas of Sine-Saloum, Senegal.
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 2016 Dec 31;48(6):627-632. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    Aix-Marseille Université, Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198 (Dakar), Inserm 1095, Marseille, France; Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR 198 IRD, Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), Campus International de Recherche IRD-UCAD, Hann, BP. 1386, Dakar, Senegal. Electronic address:
    Reports of treatment failure and the emergence of resistance to topical head lice treatments have become increasingly common, driving the need for continued development of new therapeutic options for pediculosis. Ivermectin has been proposed as a potential alternative for the treatment of pediculosis but has not been sufficiently evaluated. In this study, the effectiveness of oral ivermectin versus shampoo in the treatment of pediculosis in Senegal was compared. Read More

    Louse-borne relapsing fever in Finland in two asylum seekers from Somalia.
    APMIS 2017 Jan 16;125(1):59-62. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    We report two cases of louse-borne relapsing fever (LBRF) in young Somali asylum seekers having recently arrived to Finland. They had sought medical attention for a febrile illness. Blood smears were examined for suspected malaria, but instead, spirochete shaped bacteria were observed. Read More

    Chewing Lice of Swan Geese (Anser cygnoides): New Host-Parasite Associations.
    Korean J Parasitol 2016 Oct 31;54(5):685-691. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA.
    Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) that parasitize the globally threatened swan goose Anser cygnoides have been long recognized since the early 19th century, but those records were probably biased towards sampling of captive or domestic geese due to the small population size and limited distribution of its wild hosts. To better understand the lice species parasitizing swan geese that are endemic to East Asia, we collected chewing lice from 14 wild geese caught at 3 lakes in northeastern Mongolia. The lice were morphologically identified as 16 Trinoton anserinum (Fabricius, 1805), 11 Ornithobius domesticus Arnold, 2005, and 1 Anaticola anseris (Linnaeus, 1758). Read More

    Density-dependent effects of Caligus rogercresseyi infestation on the immune responses of Salmo salar.
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 2016 Dec 3;59:365-374. Epub 2016 Nov 3.
    Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), Biotechnology Center, University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:
    Sea lice infestations are a particular concern in the salmonid aquaculture industry due to damaging effects on fish growth, disease/infection susceptibility, and survival. Despite the impacts of sea lice parasitism, few studies have determined corresponding physiological thresholds, or the quantity of sea lice that can trigger measurable effects in the host immune response. The present study evaluated the mRNA expressions of immune-related genes in Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon) under infestation challenges with contrasting loads of the sea louse Caligus rogercresseyi. Read More

    Comparative immunity of Salmo salar and Oncorhynchus kisutch during infestation with the sea louse Caligus rogercresseyi: An enrichment transcriptome analysis.
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 2016 Dec 1;59:276-287. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Department of Oceanography, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:
    Caligus rogercresseyi, an ectoparasite affecting the Chilean salmon industry, can cause immunosuppression and physiological stress in farmed fish. Interestingly, coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) are notably resistant to infestation, whereas Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) are phenotypically more susceptible to sea lice. However, comparative studies on immune responses to C. Read More

    New records of Caligidae (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida) from the Philippines.
    Zootaxa 2016 Oct 11;4174(1):237-248. Epub 2016 Oct 11.
    Laboratory of Aquaculture, Department of Bioresource Science, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 738-8528, Japan.; Email:
    Parasitic copepods, especially sea lice (Caligidae) are causing economic problems in both aquaculture and to wild fishes around the world, but their study in at least some of the southeastern Asian countries, is still scanty. Here we provide new information on the distribution of 11 known species of parasitic copepods collected from 11 marine fish hosts from Iloilo, central part of the Philippines. Two species of the genus Anuretes Heller, 1865 and nine species of the genus Caligus Müller, 1785 were found to infest these hosts, i. Read More

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