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    3149 results match your criteria Pediculosis

    1 OF 63

    Response of Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) to Volatiles of Whole and Individual Components of the Human Scalp.
    J Med Entomol 2018 Jan 20. Epub 2018 Jan 20.
    Centro de investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas (UNIDEF-CONICET), Juan Bautista de Lasalle 4397 (B1603ALO), Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) is a cosmopolitan human ectoparasite causing pediculosis, one of the most common arthropod parasitic conditions of humans. The mechanisms and/or chemicals involved in host environment recognition by head lice are still unknown. In this study, we evaluated the response of head lice to volatiles that emanate from the human scalp. Read More

    Gene silencing reveals multiple functions of Na/K-ATPase in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis).
    Exp Parasitol 2018 Feb 12;185:79-91. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Sea Lice Research Centre, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Thormøhlensgate 55, 5008, Bergen, Norway.
    Na/K-ATPase has a key function in a variety of physiological processes including membrane excitability, osmoregulation, regulation of cell volume, and transport of nutrients. While knowledge about Na/K-ATPase function in osmoregulation in crustaceans is extensive, the role of this enzyme in other physiological and developmental processes is scarce. Here, we report characterization, transcriptional distribution and likely functions of the newly identified L. Read More

    Quantitative risk assessment of salmon louse-induced mortality of seaward-migrating post-smolt Atlantic salmon.
    Epidemics 2017 Dec 2. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    The Norwegian Veterinary Institute, PB. 750 Sentrum, N-0106 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:
    The Norwegian government recently implemented a new management system to regulate salmon farming in Norway, aiming to promote environmentally sustainable growth in the aquaculture industry. The Norwegian coast has been divided into 13 production zones and the volume of salmonid production in the zones will be regulated based on salmon lice effects on wild salmonids. Here we present a model for assessing salmon louse-induced mortality of seaward-migrating post-smolts of Atlantic salmon. Read More

    Common Child and Adolescent Cutaneous Infestations and Fungal Infections.
    Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care 2018 Jan 6;48(1):3-25. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Department of Dermatology, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH.
    Cutaneous infections and infestations are common among children and adolescents. Ectoparasitic infestations affect individuals across the globe. Head lice, body lice, scabies, and infestations with bed bugs are seen in individuals who reside in both resource poor areas and in developed countries. Read More

    An overview of cleaner fish use in Ireland.
    J Fish Dis 2017 Nov 21. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Carna Research Station, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, Carna, Co. Galway, Ireland.
    Sea lice infestations represent one of the most significant challenges facing the salmon farming industry, giving rise to lost production, additional costs of treatment and potential negative interactions with wild stocks. At present, cleaner fish, which actively remove lice from salmon, are an effective, biological, long-term option which has been adopted by many countries. In Ireland, several key studies were conducted in the 1990s on the use of wild-caught wrasse (corkwing, goldsinny and rock cook) as cleaner fish in experimental and commercial scale trials. Read More

    The Cat Flea (Ctenocephalides felis) Immune Deficiency Signaling Pathway Regulates Rickettsia typhi Infection.
    Infect Immun 2018 Jan 19;86(1). Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    species are obligate intracellular bacteria with both conserved and lineage-specific strategies for invading and surviving within eukaryotic cells. One variable component ofbiology involves arthropod vectors: for instance, typhus group rickettsiae are principally vectored by insects (i.e. Read More

    Changing Demographics and Prevalence of Body Lice among Homeless Persons, Marseille, France.
    Emerg Infect Dis 2017 11;23(11):1894-1897
    The prevalence of body lice among 2,288 sheltered homeless persons in the city of Marseille during 2000-2017 was 12.2% and significantly decreased over time. We report a positive association between body lice infestations and older age, duration of stays in France for migrants, frequent consumption of alcohol, and tobacco smoking. Read More

    The drivers of sea lice management policies and how best to integrate them into a risk management strategy: An ecosystem approach to sea lice management.
    J Fish Dis 2017 Oct 13. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    Fisheries Directorate, Oslo, Norway.
    The control of sea lice infestations on cultivated Atlantic salmon is a major issue in many regions of the world. The numerous drivers which shape the priorities and objectives of the control strategies vary for different regions/jurisdictions. These range from the animal welfare and economic priorities of the producers, to the mitigation of any potential impacts on wild stocks. Read More

    [Pediculus capitis in schoolchildren of the urban area of Nuevo León, México: Analyses of associated factors].
    Biomedica 2017 Sep 1;37(3):333-340. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Departamento de Zoología de Invertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Nuevo León, México.
    Introduction: Pediculosis capitis is a recurring problem affecting 6 to 12 millions of children annually; there are no epidemiological data on this subject in the state of Nuevo León, and there are few in México. Therefore, new contributions are needed to design control strategies based on factors that may predispose to head lice infestation.

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of Pediculus capitis in primary school children and to evaluate risk factors and individual or socioeconomic characteristics statistically associated with infestation. Read More

    Detection of bacterial pathogens including potential new species in human head lice from Mali.
    PLoS One 2017 20;12(9):e0184621. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD, INSERM, AP-HM, URMITE, IHU - Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.
    In poor African countries, where no medical and biological facilities are available, the identification of potential emerging pathogens of concern at an early stage is challenging. Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, have a short life, feed only on human blood and do not transmit pathogens to their progeny. They are, therefore, a perfect tool for the xenodiagnosis of current or recent human infection. Read More

    Efficacy of fluralaner (Bravecto™ chewable tablets) for the treatment of naturally acquired Linognathus setosus infestations on dogs.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Sep 18;10(1):426. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    MSD Animal Health Innovation GmbH, Research Antiparasitics, Zur Propstei, 55270, Schwabenheim, Germany.
    Background: The clinical efficacy of fluralaner chewable tablets (Bravecto™, MSD Animal Health) against naturally acquired Linognathus setosus infestations on dogs was evaluated compared with permethrin (Exspot®, MSD Animal Health) treatment.

    Methods: Privately-owned dogs naturally infested with L. setosus from 21 different households were randomly allocated to two treatment groups. Read More

    Behavioural responses of infective-stage copepodids of the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Copepoda:Caligidae) to host-related sensory cues.
    J Fish Dis 2017 Sep 17. Epub 2017 Sep 17.
    Institute of Marine Research, Austevoll Research Station, Storebø, Norway.
    The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis [Krøyer]) is an ectoparasitic copepod that causes disease in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and may play a role in the decline of some wild salmonid populations. Controlling lice infestations is a major cost for the salmon industry; this has stimulated the pursuit of alternative approaches to controlling them. One such approach involves determining, and then disrupting, the sensory cues used by the parasite to find its host. Read More

    Safety, Efficacy, and Physicochemical Characterization of Tinospora crispa Ointment: A Community-Based Formulation against Pediculus humanus capitis.
    Korean J Parasitol 2017 Aug 31;55(4):409-416. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Ermita, Manila 1000, the Philippines.
    The high prevalence of pediculosis capitis, commonly known as head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation, has led to the preparation of a community-based pediculicidal ointment, which is made of common household items and the extract of Tinospora crispa stem. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and physicochemical characteristics of the T. crispa pediculicidal ointment. Read More

    A study on prevalence and factors associated with ectoparasitism in goats of two agro-climatic regions in India.
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Sep 19;41(3):739-746. Epub 2017 Jan 19.
    Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly, UP India.
    The present study was aimed to evaluate the factors associated with prevalence of various ectoparasites among goats during winter season in two different agro-climatic regions of India. A total of 320 goats (Uttarakhand-208; Uttar Pradesh-112) were screened and evaluated for ectoparasitism and associated factors. The occurrence of ectoparasitism in goats was studied in relation with age, sex, breed, housing, agro-climatic region and system of rearing. Read More

    Adult Onset Hair Casts: Nits Which Do Not Itch!
    Int J Trichology 2017 Apr-Jun;9(2):70-72
    Department of Dermatology, Civil Hospital, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
    Hair casts (HCs) are thin, elongated, firm, whitish cylindrical concretions which ensheath the hair shaft and can be easily dislodge. They are of two different types: peripilar and parakeratotic keratin cast. Due to its clinical resemblance to pediculosis capitis, the entity is also known as pseudonits. Read More

    Genetic diversity of the human head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, among primary school girls in Saudi Arabia, with reference to their prevalence.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Oct 13;116(10):2637-2643. Epub 2017 Aug 13.
    Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Orman, 12613, Giza, Postal Code 12613, Egypt.
    The present work aimed at investigating the genetic diversity of the head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (P. humanus capitis) among infested primary school girls at Bisha governorate, Saudi Arabia, based on the sequence of mitochondrial cytochrome b (mt cyt b) gene of 121 P. humanus capitis adults. Read More

    Human head lice and pubic lice reveal the presence of several Acinetobacter species in Algiers, Algeria.
    Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2017 Aug 28;53:33-39. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Laboratoire de Biodiversité et Environnement: Interactions et Génomes, Faculté des Sciences Biologiques, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie Houari Boumediene, BP 32, El Alia Bab Ezzouar, Algiers, Algeria; Laboratoire de Valorisation et Conservation des Ressources Biologiques (VALCORE), Faculté des Sciences, Université M'Hamed Bougara, Boumerdes, Algeria; Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), Aix-Marseille Université UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198 (Dakar), Inserm 1095, AP-HM Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France; Ecole Supérieure des Sciences de l'Aliment et des Industries Agro-Alimentaires, Algiers, Algeria. Electronic address:
    There are two majorspecies of medically important lice that parasitize humans: Phthirus pubis, found in pubic hair, and Pediculus humanus. Pediculus humanus consists of two eco types that live in specific niches on the human host: body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus), found on the human body and clothing, and head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis), found on the scalp. To date, only body lice are known to be vectors of human disease; however, it has recently been reported that the DNA of several bacterial agents has been detected in head lice, raising questions about their role in the transmission of pathogens. Read More

    [Diseases affecting the scalp].
    Cas Lek Cesk 2017 ;156(3):137-140
    The skin of the scalp differs from the skin on the other areas of the body because of a higher density of hair follicles and higher sebum production. These, together with the presence of hair, provide a suitable environment for superficial infections, infestations and inflammatory diseases. The good condition of the scalp has a significant impact on the patient's mental well-being and social interaction. Read More

    European guideline for the management of pediculosis pubis.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Sep 16;31(9):1425-1428. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Department of Dermatology II, Colentina Clinical Hospital, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.
    Pediculosis pubis is caused by Phthirus pubis. The disease can be sexually transmitted. Patients main complain is of itch in the pubic area. Read More

    Modulation of Atlantic salmon miRNome response to sea louse infestation.
    Dev Comp Immunol 2017 Nov 12;76:380-391. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research, Department of Oceanography, University of Concepcion, Barrio Universitario s/n, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:
    MicroRNAs are non-coding RNA that plays a crucial role in post-transcriptional regulation and immune system regulation. On other hand, sea lice are prevalent parasites that affect salmon farming, generating different degrees of immune suppression depending on the salmon and sea louse species. Caligus rogercresseyi for example, which affects the salmon industry in Chile, decreases Th1 response, macrophage activation, TLR-mediated response and iron regulation in infected fish. Read More

    Chewing lice from wild birds in northern Greece.
    Parasitol Int 2017 Oct 12;66(5):699-706. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address:
    Greece represents an important area for wild birds due to its geographical position and habitat diversity. Although the bird species in Greece are well recorded, the information about the chewing lice that infest them is practically non-existent. Thus, the aim of the present study was to record the species of lice infesting wild birds in northern Greece and furthermore, to associate the infestation prevalence with factors such as the age, sex, migration and social behaviour of the host as well as the time of the year. Read More

    Are scabies and impetigo "normalised"? A cross-sectional comparative study of hospitalised children in northern Australia assessing clinical recognition and treatment of skin infections.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jul 3;11(7):e0005726. Epub 2017 Jul 3.
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia.
    Background: Complications of scabies and impetigo such as glomerulonephritis and invasive bacterial infection in Australian Aboriginal children remain significant problems and the overall global burden of disease attributable to these skin infections remains high despite the availability of effective treatment. We hypothesised that one factor contributing to this high burden is that skin infection is under-recognised and hence under-treated, in settings where prevalence is high.

    Methods: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study to assess the burden of scabies, impetigo, tinea and pediculosis in children admitted to two regional Australian hospitals from October 2015 to January 2016. Read More

    Control of lice infestation in horses using a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin topical application.
    Ir Vet J 2017 19;70:22. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    UDEAR, Université de Toulouse, INSERM, ENVT, 23 chemin des Capelles, 31076 Toulouse, France.
    Background: Two open-controlled studies evaluated the tolerance and the efficacy of a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin-based pour-on solution (Deltanil®; Virbac, France) in treating (study 1) and preventing (study 2) naturalinfestations in horses. In study 1, seven adult horses received 10 mL of the solution from mane to tail head on day 0 (D0). Four adult horses, living separately, served as non-treated controls. Read More

    Impact of theory-based educational intervention on explaining preventive pediculosis infestation behavior among primary school students.
    Electron Physician 2017 Apr 25;9(4):4101-4107. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    Ph.D. of Biostatistics, Assistant Professor, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
    Background: Despite the fact that improved health, social, and economic situations have significantly affected the reduction of its infestation, pediculosis is still spreading worldwide.

    Aim: This study is conducted to evaluate the explanatory power of health belief model constructs in adoption of preventive pediculosis infestation behavior in female primary school students.

    Methods: This study involves two stages. Read More

    Lice induced immuno-oxidative wreckage of goats.
    Vet Parasitol 2017 Aug 24;242:24-30. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Division of Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, UP, 243122, India.
    The present study aimed to evaluate the immuno-oxidative patho-biology of lice infestation in goats. Sixty goats were divided into five groups; sucking lice (Linognathus africanus) infested (Group 1, n=12), chewing lice (Bovicola caprae) infested-mild (Group 2, n=12), chewing lice (B. caprae) infested-moderate (Group 3, n=12), chewing lice (B. Read More

    Microbes and masculinity: Does exposure to pathogenic cues alter women's preferences for male facial masculinity and beardedness?
    PLoS One 2017 8;12(6):e0178206. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Women's preferences for men's androgen dependent secondary sexual traits are proposed to be phenotypically plastic in response to exposure to pathogens and pathogen disgust. While previous studies report that masculinity in facial shape is more attractive to women who have recently been exposed to pathogenic cues and who are high in self-reported pathogen disgust, facial hair may reduce male attractiveness under conditions of high pathogens as beards are a possible breeding ground for disease carrying ectoparasites. In the present study, we test whether women's preferences for beardedness and facial masculinity vary due to exposure to different pathogenic cues. Read More

    Ionotropic receptors signal host recognition in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Copepoda).
    PLoS One 2017 5;12(6):e0178812. Epub 2017 Jun 5.
    Sea Lice Research Centre, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    A remarkable feature of many parasites is a high degree of host specificity but the mechanisms behind are poorly understood. A major challenge for parasites is to identify and infect a suitable host. Many species show a high degree of host specificity, being able to survive only on one or a few related host species. Read More

    Reduced growth in wild juvenile sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka infected with sea lice.
    J Fish Biol 2017 Jul 29;91(1):41-57. Epub 2017 May 29.
    Earth to Ocean Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada.
    Daily growth rings were examined in the otoliths of wild juvenile sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka to determine whether infection by ectoparasitic sea lice Caligus clemensi and Lepeophtheirus salmonis was associated with reduced host body growth, an important determinant of survival. Over 98% of the sea lice proved to be C. clemensi and the fish that were highly infected grew more slowly than uninfected individuals. Read More

    Identification of Novel Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Mutations in Human Head and Body Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae).
    J Med Entomol 2017 Sep;54(5):1337-1343
    Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia 5756115111, Iran.
    In recent years, the increase of head louse infestation in Iran (7.4%) and especially in West-Azerbaijan Province (248%) has raised the hypothesis of insecticide resistance development. There are different mechanisms of resistance to various groups of insecticides, and knockdown resistance (kdr) is a prominent mechanism of resistance to pyrethroids, an insecticide group which is used conventionally for pediculosis control. Read More

    Studies on the antibody response and side effects after intramuscular and intraperitoneal injection of Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) with different oil-based vaccines.
    J Fish Dis 2017 Dec 26;40(12):1805-1813. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.
    Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) is used as a biological delousing agent for sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis K.) infestations in Norwegian aquaculture. Read More

    [Trichomycosis (trichobacteriosis) capitis in an infant: Microbiological, dermoscopic and ultrastructural features].
    Rev Chil Pediatr 2017 Apr;88(2):258-262
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Infantil de México Dr. Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México, México.
    Trichomycosis is a superficial infection caused by Corynebacterium flavescens, which regularly affects axillary, and to a a lesser extent, pubic, scrotal and intergluteal, and exceptionally, head hairs or trichomycosis capitis (TC). This condition is characterised by the formation of bacterial nodules. Clinically, it can be confused with white piedra or pediculosis. Read More

    Ivermectin lipid-based nanocarriers as novel formulations against head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Aug 18;116(8):2111-2117. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Centro de Investigaciones de Plagas e Insecticidas (CONICET- UNIDEF), Juan Bautista de La Salle 4397, B1603ALO, Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    The use of pyrethroids to control the human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Anoplura: Pediculidae), has suffered considerable loss of efficacy due to the evolution of resistance. Thus, the development of efficiently insecticide delivery systems is imperative for the control of head lice. We studied the insecticidal activity of ivermectin-loaded lipid nanocapsules (IVM-LNC) against permethrin-resistant head lice from Argentina. Read More

    Randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study with lice shampoo (Licener®) versus dimethicone (Jacutin® Pedicul Fluid) for the treatment of infestations with head lice.
    Parasitol Res 2017 Jul 9;116(7):1863-1870. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Clinic for Dermatology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.
    The present clinical trial was conducted to obtain additional data for the safety and efficacy of a head lice shampoo that is free of silicone compared with an anti-head lice product containing dimethicone. Both products act by a physical mode of action. This randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study was conducted between July and November 2016 in households of two villages (Abou Rawash and Shandalat) in Egypt. Read More

    Case report: a new method for treatment of permethrin - resistant head lice.
    Clin Case Rep 2017 May 17;5(5):601-604. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Department of PathobiologySchool of Veterinary MedicineShiraz University1731Shiraz71345Iran.
    Head lice () infestation is an important disease worldwide, especially in children under 11 years old. Permethrin is the most common insecticide for treatment of human pediculosis, but nowadays resistance to permethrin and other pyrethroids has caused many treatment failures. The second treatment of choice is malathion. Read More

    'Snorkel' lice barrier technology reduced two co- occurring parasites, the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) and the amoebic gill disease causing agent (Neoparamoeba perurans), in commercial salmon sea-cages.
    Prev Vet Med 2017 May 10;140:97-105. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    Institute of Marine Research, Matredal 5984, Norway.
    Diverse chemical-free parasite controls are gaining status in Atlantic salmon sea-cage farming. Yet, the intricacies of their use at commercial scale, including effects on co-occurring parasites, are seldom reported. A new salmon lice prevention method involves installing a deep net roof and 'snorkel' lice barrier in cages to shelter salmon from free-living infective larvae which concentrate at shallow depths, and allows salmon to jump and re- inflate their buoyancy-regulating swim bladder by swallowing air. Read More

    Effect of pyrethroid treatment against sea lice in salmon farming regarding consumers' health.
    Food Chem Toxicol 2017 Jul 27;105:347-354. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research Studies (IDAEA), Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), H(2)O Building, Scientific and Technological Park of the University of Girona, Emili Grahit 101, 17003 Girona, Spain. Electronic address:
    Pyrethroids are the most popular drug against sea lice in salmon farming. Although they are more toxic to insects, they have toxic effects in mammals. Pyrethroids were detected in 100% of farmed salmon with a mean concentration of 1. Read More

    Recognizing common parasitic infestations.
    JAAPA 2017 May;30(5):1-6
    Judy Truscott is program director and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University in Pittsburgh, Pa. Alyssa Abebe is an assistant professor at Chatham University and practices at an HIV research clinic at the University of Pittsburgh. Kelly Donkers is academic coordinator and an assistant professor in the PA program at Chatham University. Daria Segers is a senior PA with the University of Pittsburgh Physicians. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
    Parasitic infestations commonly are seen in patients in primary care, urgent care, and EDs. These infestations are a common cause of pruritus and may lead to secondary infestations. This article reviews the signs and symptoms of pinworms, lice, bedbug, and scabies infestations, as well as diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Read More

    Exotic "Gill Lice" Species (Copepoda: Lernaeopodidae: Salmincola SPP.) Infect Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in the Southeastern United States.
    J Parasitol 2017 Aug 21;103(4):377-389. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Aquatic Parasitology Laboratory, School of Fisheries, Aquaculture, and Aquatic Sciences and Southeastern Cooperative Fish Parasite and Disease Project (SCFPDL), Auburn University, 203 Swingle Hall, Auburn, Alabama 36849.
    Salmincola californiensis infected 25 of 31 (prevalence 0.8; intensity 2-35 [mean 6.6 ± standard deviation 7. Read More

    Molecular Markers of Pesticide Resistance and Pathogens in Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) From Rural Georgia, USA.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Jul;54(4):1067-1072
    College of Science and Mathematics, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458.
    Although the head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, and body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus L., both have a worldwide distribution, the occurrence of head louse pediculosis appears to be more prevalent in modern societies despite systematic use of various pediculicides. This study tested head lice collected in rural Georgia and body lice collected in Russia for the prevalence of a kdr-biomarker that is associated with permethrin resistance. Read More

    First Detection of the Kdr Mutation T929I in Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Schoolchildren of the Metropolitan Area of Nuevo Leon and Yucatan, Mexico.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Jul;54(4):1025-1030
    Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., 66451 México.
    The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that inhabits the human scalp. Infestations by this insect are commonly known as pediculosis, which is more common in younger groups. These infestations are asymptomatic; however, skin irritation from scratching occasionally may cause secondary bacterial infections. Read More

    Skin diseases of the vulva: Infectious diseases.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 Oct 11;37(7):840-848. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    a Department of Dermatology , Bispebjerg Hospital , Copenhagen , Denmark.
    A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area. Read More

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