1,883 results match your criteria Pediatrics Sudden Infant Death Syndrome


Mechanisms underlying a critical period of respiratory development in the rat.

Respir Physiol Neurobiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Drive, SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA.

Twenty-five years ago, Filiano and Kinney (1994) proposed that a critical period of postnatal development constitutes one of the three risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The underlying mechanism was poorly understood. In the last 17 years, much has been uncovered on this period in the rat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2019.04.006DOI Listing

Nurses Leading Safe Infant Sleep Initiatives in the Hospital Setting.

Nurs Womens Health 2019 Apr;23(2):148-162

Every day, 10 otherwise healthy infants die from sleep-related deaths in the United States. These deaths, termed sudden unexpected infant death, remain the leading cause of post-neonatal death in the United States despite known modifiable risk factors and prevention recommendations. In birthing hospitals, many parents report being given incorrect and sometimes no information about infant sleep safety, which creates immediate and long-term safety concerns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nwh.2019.02.003DOI Listing

Sudden infant death syndrome: current perspectives.

Intern Med J 2019 Apr;49(4):433-438

The Ritchie Centre, Hudson Institute of Medical Research and Department of Paediatrics, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Despite significant reductions in incidence since the introduction of safe infant sleeping recommendations, sudden infant death syndrome is still the major cause of neonatal death in western countries. In the United States, over 2500 infants die suddenly and unexpectedly each year with nearly 100 deaths annually in Australia. Health professionals play a critical role in advising parents how to sleep their infants safely to minimise the risk of sudden infant death syndrome and sleeping accidents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.14248DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Sudden cardiac death associated with cardiac catheterization in Williams syndrome: a case report and review of literature.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine,Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health,Indianapolis, IN,USA.

Williams syndrome is a rare genetic disease that affects elastin production, leading to medium and large vessel stenoses and other abnormalities. Cardiac manifestations of Williams syndrome are the most life-threatening, occurring in 80% of children. Children with Williams syndrome are known to be at risk for sudden cardiac death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000295DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Maternal Smoking Before and During Pregnancy and the Risk of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death.

Pediatrics 2019 Apr 11;143(4). Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Paediatrics: Child and Youth Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objectives: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is an established risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Here, we aim to investigate the effects of maternal prepregnancy smoking, reduction during pregnancy, and smoking during pregnancy on SUID rates.

Methods: We analyzed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Birth Cohort Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set (2007-2011: 20 685 463 births and 19 127 SUIDs). Read More

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http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/ped
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-3325DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Gene mutational analysis in a cohort of Chinese children with unexplained epilepsy: Identification of a new KCND3 phenotype and novel genes causing Dravet syndrome.

Seizure 2019 Mar 28;66:26-30. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the genetic etiology of epilepsy in a cohort of Chinese children.

Methods: Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed for 120 patients with unexplained epilepsy, including 71 patients with early-onset epileptic encephalopathies, and 16 patients with Dravet syndrome (including three patients with a Dravet-like phenotype) but without SCN1A pathogenic variants.

Results: Pathogenic variants of 14 genes were discovered in 22 patients (18%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2019.01.025DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Impaired neonatal cardiorespiratory responses to hypoxia in mice lacking PAC1 or VPAC2 receptors.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, University of Calgary, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Canada.

The stress peptide, PACAP, and its specific receptor, PAC1, have been implicated in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). PACAP is also critical to the neonatal cardiorespiratory response to homeostatic stressors identified in SIDS, including hypoxia. However, which of PACAP's three receptors, PAC1, VPAC1 and/or VPAC2, are involved is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00250.2018DOI Listing
February 2019

Mutations in and in a patient with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy and respiratory depression.

Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud 2019 Feb 1;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Epilepsy Genetics Program, Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE) is a severe disorder associated with epilepsy, developmental delay and intellectual disability, and in some cases premature mortality. We report the case of a female infant with EIEE and strikingly suppressed respiratory dysfunction that led to death. Postmortem research evaluation revealed hypoplasia of the arcuate nucleus of the medulla, a candidate region for respiratory regulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/mcs.a003442DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371743PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Creating a Safe Sleep Environment for the Infant: What the Pediatric Nurse Needs to Know.

Authors:
Jaime A Newberry

J Pediatr Nurs 2019 Jan - Feb;44:119-122. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

USA. Electronic address:

Despite the release of guidelines by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on safe infant sleep and public service campaigns aimed at reducing risk factors over the past 25 years, deaths due to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Sudden Unexplained Infant Death (SUID) are still the 4th leading causes of infant death in the United States. Findings from several studies demonstrate that nurses do not consistently model safe sleep practices with infants due to a lack of education on evidence-based practice and misconceptions regarding safe infant sleep. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the need for expanded education to both nurses and parents on the principles of safe infant sleep and the impact it can have on decreasing risk factors for SIDS and SUID. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Racial differences within subsets of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) with an emphasis on asphyxia.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Feb 10;62:52-55. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, 812 Covel Ave, Sioux Falls, SD, 57104, USA.

Objective: Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID) is defined as a combination of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Unknown Cause of Death (UCD) and Accidental Suffocation and Strangulation in Bed (ASSB). Overall rates from 2000 to 2015 have been trending down. Racial differences in occurrence are seen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Simultaneous Occurrence of Dysrhythmia and Seizure as a Diagnostic Difficulty; a Case Report.

Emerg (Tehran) 2018 8;6(1):e49. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Torsades de pointes (TdP) is a rare but hazardous ventricular dysrhythmia caused by an increase in the QT interval of the heart rhythm and is categorized into congenital or acquired types. Signs and symptoms of TdP include syncope, seizure, ventricular fibrillation, and even sudden death. According to statistics, among these symptoms, syncope and the seizure can be considered as signs that make the TdP diagnosis difficult. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289149PMC
August 2018
9 Reads

Functional significance of channelopathy gene variants in unexplained death.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Pediatrics, NYU School of Medicine, 450 E 29th Street, ACLS 824, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Determining the cause of unexplained death in all age groups, including infants, is a priority in forensic medicine. The triple risk model proposed for sudden infant death syndrome involves the intersection of three risks: (1) a critical developmental period in homeostatic control (2), exogenous stressors, and (3) a vulnerable infant. Even though sex and age factor into some forms of inherited arrhythmogenic deaths in young individuals and adults, more appropriate a dual-risk disease model for adults involves exogenous stressors and a vulnerable individual. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12024-018-0063-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0063-yDOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Intractable apnoeic seizures in a child with a deletion typically associated with Williams syndrome.

Epileptic Disord 2018 Dec;20(6):530-534

Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto.

Williams-Beuren syndrome is rarely associated with epilepsy. One previously reported case showed an association with apnoeic seizures while a few other cases showed an association with infantile epileptic spasms and generalized and focal seizures. We report the case of a 13-month-old boy with a deletion typically associated with Williams-Beuren syndrome, who presented with isolated apnoeic seizures which were refractory to multiple antiepileptic drugs but partially responsive to the ketogenic diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/epd.2018.1013DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Pediatric Office Delivery of Smoking Cessation Assistance for Breast-Feeding Mothers.

Nicotine Tob Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, MA.

Introduction: National and international organizations have done an excellent job of advocating and promoting breast feeding for all mothers. This study assessed to what extent an intervention increased delivery of cessation assistance to breast-feeding mothers who smoke.

Methods: Data were collected between April and October 2015 in five US states as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 pediatric practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty247DOI Listing
December 2018
24 Reads
3.296 Impact Factor

Use of different combination diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccines does not increase risk of 30-day infant mortality. A population-based linkage cohort study using administrative data from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register and the National Death Index.

Vaccine 2019 Jan 28;37(2):280-288. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Discipline of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine whether differences in combination DTaP vaccine types at 2, 4 and 6 months of age were associated with mortality (all-cause or non-specific), within 30 days of vaccination.

Design: Observational nationwide cohort study.

Setting: Linked population data from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register and National Death Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.11.025DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Pre-loss personal factors and prolonged grief disorder in bereaved mothers.

Psychol Med 2018 Nov 9:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Center for Research on End-of-Life Care, Weill Cornell Medicine,New York, NY,USA.

Background: Identifying characteristics of individuals at greatest risk for prolonged grief disorder (PGD) can improve its detection and elucidate the etiology of the disorder. The Safe Passage Study, a study of women at high risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), prospectively examined the psychosocial functioning of women while monitoring their healthy pregnancies. Mothers whose infants died of SIDS were followed in bereavement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291718003264DOI Listing
November 2018
23 Reads

Functional characterization of TRPM4 variants identified in sudden unexpected natural death.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 Dec 24;293:37-46. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Pediatrics, Physiology & Neuroscience and Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Physiology & Neuroscience and Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The TRPM4 gene encodes the subunit of the Ca-activated nonselective cation channel, which is enriched in the specialized cardiac conduction system and Purkinje fibers. To date, several putative disease-causing variants in TRPM4 have been reported to be associated with cardiac arrhythmia and progressive conduction disease. Here, we report the functional effects of previously uncharacterized variants of uncertain significance (VUS) that we have found while performing a "genetic autopsy" in individuals who have suffered sudden unexpected death (SUD) in the New York City area. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03790738183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.10.006DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Penetrance and expressivity of the R858H CACNA1C variant in a five-generation pedigree segregating an arrhythmogenic channelopathy.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2019 01 21;7(1):e00476. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Cardiac Inherited Disease Group, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Isolated cardiac arrhythmia due to a variant in CACNA1C is of recent knowledge. Most reports have been of singleton cases or of quite small families, and estimates of penetrance and expressivity have been difficult to obtain. We here describe a large pedigree, from which such estimates have been calculated. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mgg3.476
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mgg3.476DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6382452PMC
January 2019
28 Reads

Can infant sleeping bags be recommended by medical professionals as protection against sudden infant death syndrome?

Arch Dis Child 2019 Mar 8;104(3):305-307. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Community Paediatrics, Virgin Care, Bath, UK.

Clinical scenario: A mother brought her infant to the hospital with bronchiolitis and incidentally asked if I would recommend the use of infant sleeping bags to protect against Sudden Infant Death Syndrome as several of her friends use them. Structured question: Can infant sleeping bags be recommended by medical professionals as protective against Sudden Infant Death Syndrome? Methods: A literature search was performed. Trials were included if they had an English version available and the papers examined the impact that sleeping bag use had on risk of SIDS or its risk factors. Read More

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http://adc.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/archdischild-2018-3160
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-316093DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Exome-Wide Rare Variant Analyses in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

J Pediatr 2018 12 26;203:423-428.e11. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine (Division of Heart Rhythm Services), Pediatrics (Division of Pediatric Cardiology), Molecular Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics (Windland Smith Rice Sudden Death Genomics Laboratory), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine whether a monogenic basis explains sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) using an exome-wide focus.

Study Design: A cohort of 427 unrelated cases of SIDS (257 male; average age = 2.7 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.08.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394853PMC
December 2018
36 Reads
3.790 Impact Factor

Bereaved mothers' attitudes regarding autopsy of their stillborn baby.

S Afr J Obstet Gynaecol (1999) 2017 Dec;23(3):93-96

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa.

Background: Here we present additional information from the Safe Passage Study, where the effect of alcohol exposure during pregnancy on sudden infant death syndrome and stillbirth was investigated.

Objective: To explore bereaved mothers' attitudes toward obtaining an autopsy on their stillborn baby, and the future implications of consenting or non-consenting to autopsy in retrospect.

Methods: Demographic data was obtained by a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/sajog.1224DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147801PMC
December 2017
16 Reads

Transient Otoacoustic Emissions and Auditory Brainstem Responses in Low-Risk Cohort of Newborn and One-Month-Old Infants: Assessment of Infant Auditory System Physiology in the Prenatal Alcohol in SIDS and Stillbirth Network Safe Passage Study.

J Am Acad Audiol 2018 Sep;29(8):748-763

C&Y Consultants, LLC, Santa Fe, NM.

Background: The Prenatal Alcohol and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and Stillbirth Network, known as the "Safe Passage Study," enrolled approximately 12,000 pregnant women from the United States and South Africa and followed the development of their babies through pregnancy and the infant's first year of life to investigate the role of prenatal alcohol exposure in the risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as stillbirth and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

Purpose: Auditory system tests were included in the physiologic test battery used to study the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on neurophysiology and neurodevelopment, as well as potential causal relationships between neurodevelopmental disorders and SIDS and/or stillbirth. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe normative results when using the auditory test battery applied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3766/jaaa.17043DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

50 Years Ago in The Journal Of Pediatrics: Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy: A Statistical Analysis of Certain Socioeconomic Factors.

J Pediatr 2018 09;200:149

Department of Pediatric Research Oslo University Hospital University of Oslo Oslo, Norway.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.02.049DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Noncardiac genetic predisposition in sudden infant death syndrome.

Genet Med 2019 03 24;21(3):641-649. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the commonest cause of sudden death of an infant; however, the genetic basis remains poorly understood. We aimed to identify noncardiac genes underpinning SIDS and determine their prevalence compared with ethnically matched controls.

Methods: Using exome sequencing we assessed the yield of ultrarare nonsynonymous variants (minor allele frequency [MAF] ≤0. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41436-018-0131-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41436-018-0131-4DOI Listing
March 2019
23 Reads

Coronary artery compression from epicardial leads: More common than we think.

Heart Rhythm 2018 10 13;15(10):1439-1447. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: A child with an epicardial pacemaker presented with sudden death at our institution, secondary to coronary artery compression. This case prompted enhanced surveillance of all patients with epicardial pacing or defibrillation systems.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of coronary artery compression and the diagnostic yield of catheter angiography (CA) and computed tomography (CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2018.06.038DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

The landscape of epilepsy-related GATOR1 variants.

Genet Med 2019 02 10;21(2):398-408. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Sorbonne Université, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR S 1127, F-75013, Paris, France.

Purpose: To define the phenotypic and mutational spectrum of epilepsies related to DEPDC5, NPRL2 and NPRL3 genes encoding the GATOR1 complex, a negative regulator of the mTORC1 pathway METHODS: We analyzed clinical and genetic data of 73 novel probands (familial and sporadic) with epilepsy-related variants in GATOR1-encoding genes and proposed new guidelines for clinical interpretation of GATOR1 variants.

Results: The GATOR1 seizure phenotype consisted mostly in focal seizures (e.g. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41436-018-0060-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41436-018-0060-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292495PMC
February 2019
20 Reads

Prevalence and characteristics of positional plagiocephaly in healthy full-term infants at 8-12 weeks of life.

Eur J Pediatr 2018 Oct 20;177(10):1547-1554. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Medical Sciences, Pediatric Section, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, University of Ferrara, Via Aldo Moro, 8-44124 Cona, Ferrara, Italy.

Positional plagiocephaly (PP) denotes flattening of the skull that occurs frequently in healthy infants. Aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of positional plagiocephaly and to identify the risk factors in a cohort of healthy infants in order to help prevention of PP. In a prospective design, all healthy full-term infants, ranging from 8 to 12 weeks of age, who presented at the public immunization clinic in Ferrara, were eligible for the study. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00431-018-3212-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-018-3212-0DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Skin-to-skin care cannot be blamed for increase in suffocation deaths.

J Pediatr 2018 09 28;200:296-297. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Pediatrics Children's Regional Hospital at Cooper University Health Care Cooper Medical School of Rowan University Camden, New Jersey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.06.010DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Autonomic Function and QT Interval During Night-Time Sleep in Infant Long QT Syndrome.

Circ J 2018 Jul 27;82(8):2152-2159. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kagawa Nutrition University.

Background: Sudden infant death syndrome mainly occurs during night-time sleep. Approximately 10% of cases are thought to involve infants with long QT syndrome (LQTS). Autonomic function and QT interval in night-time sleep in early infancy in LQTS infants, however, remain controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-18-0048DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

Electrical storm in an infant with short-coupled variant of torsade de pointes.

J Arrhythm 2018 Jun 14;34(3):315-318. Epub 2018 May 14.

Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Medicine Shiga University of Medical Science Otsu Shiga Japan.

A 10-month-old infant experienced cardiac arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF). His electrocardiogram (ECG) at rest was within the normal range. Amiodarone was indispensable due to its refractoriness to defibrillation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joa3.12071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6009772PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Evaluation of Nursing School Educators' Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Infant Sleep Safety.

Nurs Educ Perspect 2018 Jul/Aug;39(4):E7-E13

About the Authors Jane Cirelli, MS, NNP-BC, is a neonatal nurse practitioner, WellSpan York Hospital, York, Pennsylvania. Beverly Clymer, AS, NNP-BC, is a neonatal nurse practitioner, WellSpan York Hospital. Adriane Burgess, PhD, RNC-OB, CCE, is a clinical research specialist, WellSpan York Hospital. Jennifer Aguilar, MSN, RN, is a clinical nurse educator, Penn State Health Medical Group, Hershey, Pennsylvania. Theodore Bell, MS, is a research program manager, WellSpan York Hospital. Michael Goodstein, MD, is a neonatologist, WellSpan York Hospital. The authors thank Catherine Kelly, Barbara Buchko, and Marie Cirelli for their thorough review of the manuscript. For more information, contact Jane Cirelli at

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate nursing educators' attitudes and knowledge regarding current American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for a safe infant sleeping environment.

Method: This was a cross-sectional prospective survey of all nursing programs with associate degrees or higher in the United States. Instructors teaching pediatric and obstetric didactic or clinical material at an Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing-approved nursing school could participate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000334DOI Listing
June 2018
24 Reads

Genetic background of Japanese patients with pediatric hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy.

J Hum Genet 2018 Sep 15;63(9):989-996. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Molecular Pathogenesis, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Tokyo, Japan.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) present a high risk for sudden cardiac death in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to identify disease-associated genetic variants in Japanese patients with pediatric HCM and RCM. We analyzed 67 cardiomyopathy-associated genes in 46 HCM and 7 RCM patients diagnosed before 16 years of age using a next-generation sequencing system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-018-0479-yDOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Heart rate variability in epilepsy: A potential biomarker of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy risk.

Epilepsia 2018 07 6;59(7):1372-1380. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Department of Medicine, Epilepsy Research Centre, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a tragic and devastating event for which the underlying pathophysiology remains poorly understood; this study investigated whether abnormalities in heart rate variability (HRV) are linked to SUDEP in patients with epilepsy due to mutations in sodium channel (SCN) genes.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated HRV in epilepsy patients using electroencephalographic studies to study the potential contribution of autonomic dysregulation to SUDEP risk. We extracted HRV data, in wakefulness and sleep, from 80 patients with drug-resistant epilepsy, including 40 patients with mutations in SCN genes and 40 control patients with non-SCN drug-resistant epilepsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.14438DOI Listing
July 2018
39 Reads

Smoking in pregnancy is a key factor for sudden infant death among Māori.

Acta Paediatr 2018 Nov 17;107(11):1924-1931. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Paediatrics: Child and Youth Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Aim: To examine the sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) disparity between Māori and non-Māori in New Zealand.

Methods: A nationwide prospective case-control study ran from March 2012 to February 2015. Exposure to established SUDI risk factors was analysed to investigate the disparity experienced by Māori. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/apa.14431
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14431DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Sudden infant death syndrome: Knowledge and practise in parents of preterm infants.

Pediatr Int 2018 Aug 10;60(8):710-713. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Preterm infants are at higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) compared with term born infants and the risk is inversely proportional to the gestational age and birthweight. Parents of these infants should have adequate knowledge and practise the recommended SIDS risk reduction measures.

Methods: A survey was conducted between December 2016 and August 2017 at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13605DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Maternal distraction from smartphone use: a potential risk factor for sudden unexpected postnatal collapse of the newborn.

J Pediatr 2018 09 18;200:298-299. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Pediatrics Division of Neonatology NorthShore University HealthSystem Evanston; Department of Pediatrics Division of Neonatology Pritzker School of Medicine The University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.04.031DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Treatable massive pericardial effusion and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in an infant with a novel homozygous ACADVL mutation: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 May;97(20):e10813

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Pusan National University Children's Hospital, Yangsan.

Rationale: Infantile-onset hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCMP) should be considered a largely genetic condition, although its onset is most often triggered by infection. Very long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation that often causes severe cardiomyopathy and/or sudden death during the neonatal period.

Patient Concerns: Herein, we report an infant with VLCAD deficiency who presented with severe cardiac manifestations, including massive pericardial effusion and HCMP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010813DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5976315PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Functional Invalidation of Putative Sudden Infant Death Syndrome-Associated Variants in the -Encoded Kv11.1 Channel.

Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2018 05;11(5):e005859

Department of Physiology, Cardiovascular Research Center, Center for Muscle Biology, University of Kentucky, Lexington (J.L.S., A.R.H., D.E.B., B.P.D.).

Background: Heterologous functional validation studies of putative long-QT syndrome subtype 2-associated variants clarify their pathological potential and identify disease mechanism(s) for most variants studied. The purpose of this study is to clarify the pathological potential for rare nonsynonymous variants seemingly associated with sudden infant death syndrome.

Methods: Genetic testing of 292 sudden infant death syndrome cases identified 9 variants: E90K, R181Q, A190T, G294V, R791W, P967L, R1005W, R1047L, and Q1068R. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.117.005859DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Patient Characteristics and Emergency Department Factors Associated with Survival After Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Children and Young Adults: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of a Nationally Representative Sample, 2006-2013.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Aug 10;39(6):1216-1228. Epub 2018 May 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, 1124 West Carson Street, Torrance, CA, 90502, USA.

The purpose of the study is to examine (1) nationally representative incidence rates of Emergency Department (ED) visits due to sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in pediatric and young adult populations, (2) basic characteristics of the ED visits with SCA, and (3) patient and hospital factors associated with survival after SCA. We used the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample from 2006 to 2013. ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes identified ED visits due to SCA for patients ≤ 30 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-018-1886-8DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Diagnostic potential of stored dried blood spots for inborn errors of metabolism: a metabolic autopsy of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency.

J Clin Pathol 2018 Oct 2;71(10):885-889. Epub 2018 May 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Aim: It is estimated that 1-5% of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases might be caused by undiagnosed inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs); however, the postmortem identification of IEMs remains difficult. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of dried blood spots (DBSs) stored after newborn screening tests as a metabolic autopsy to determine the causes of death in infants and children who died suddenly and unexpectedly.

Methods: Infants or toddlers who had suddenly died without a definite diagnosis between July 2008 and December 2012 at Kyushu University Hospital in Japan were enrolled in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jclinpath-2017-204962DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

The Grief of Mothers After the Sudden Unexpected Death of Their Infants.

Pediatrics 2018 05;141(5)

Center for Research on End-of-Life Care, Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York, New York.

: media-1vid110.1542/5741323271001PEDS-VA_2017-3651 BACKGROUND: The loss of a child is associated with elevated grief severity, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of postneonatal mortality in the United States. The diagnosis of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) has gained broader acceptance and use. Read More

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http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/ped
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-3651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173829PMC
May 2018
12 Reads

Early mortality in SCN8A-related epilepsies.

Epilepsy Res 2018 07 13;143:79-81. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

The Danish Epilepsy Centre Filadelfia, Dianalund, Denmark; University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

SCN8A-related epilepsies are often severe developmental and epileptic encephalopathies. Seizures can be treatment resistant, and patients suffer from severe intellectual disability. Reports have suggested that SCN8A-related epilepsies have a high mortality with SUDEP as the major underlying cause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2018.04.008DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

The French prospective multisite registry on sudden unexpected infant death (OMIN): rationale and study protocol.

BMJ Open 2018 04 17;8(4):e020883. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Inserm CIC 1413, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France.

Introduction: Even after 'back-to-sleep' campaigns, sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) continues to be the leading cause of death for infants 1 month to 1 year old in developed countries, with devastating social, psychological and legal implications for families. To sustainably tackle this problem and decrease the number of SUIDs, a French SUID registry was initiated in 2015 to (1) inform prevention with standardised data, (2) understand the mechanisms leading to SUID and the contribution of the already known or newly suggested risk factors and (3) gather a multidisciplinary group of experts to coordinate and develop innovative and urgent research in the SUID area.

Methods And Analysis: This observational multisite prospective observatory includes all cases of sudden unexpected deaths in children younger than 2 years occurring in the French territory covered by the 35 participating French referral centres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020883DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5905759PMC
April 2018
30 Reads