2,313 results match your criteria Pediatrics Headache


High Sleep Disturbance and Longer Concussion Duration in Repeat Concussions.

Behav Sleep Med 2019 Feb 20:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a Department of Pediatrics and Neurology , MedStar Georgetown University Hospital , Washington , DC , USA.

Objectives: The relationship between repeated concussions and sleep disturbance is yet to be fully understood. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between sleep disturbance, concussion duration, and repeated concussions by assessing postconcussive symptoms and cognition.

Methods: Subjects (ages 13-33 years) underwent postconcussion cognitive function evaluation and reported postconcussion symptoms including severity of disturbed sleep (drowsiness, trouble falling asleep, sleeping more than usual, and sleeping less than usual), mood disturbance (sadness, irritability, nervousness, and emotional lability), and headache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2019.1578223DOI Listing
February 2019

Reduction in Head Computed Tomography Ordering in Pediatric Emergency Patients: Effect of National Publication and Local Availability of Urgent Neurology Appointments.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) blunt head trauma guidelines and implementation of urgent neurology follow-up (UNF) appointments on an observed decline in head computed tomography (CT) use for pediatric emergency department (PED) patients presenting with headache, seizure, and trauma.

Methods: Patients ages 0 to 18 years presenting to and discharged from an urban tertiary care PED with chief complaint of trauma, headache, and seizure between 2007 and 2013 were retrospectively included. The total number of head CTs obtained in the trauma, headache, and seizure groups was compared before and after the publication of the PECARN guidelines in 2009 and the implementation of urgent UNF within a week from PED discharge in 2011, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001757DOI Listing
February 2019

Bedside Transorbital Ultrasound in the Clinical Evaluation of Pediatric Optic Neuritis in the Emergency Department.

J Emerg Med 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Children's Emergency, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.

Background: Headache and monocular visual disturbance are worrisome pediatric presenting complaints in the emergency department. Appropriate and timely initial evaluation is critical. Most would opt for urgent computer tomography in such cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.042DOI Listing
February 2019

Plasma Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide: A Potential Biomarker for Diagnosis and Therapeutic Responses in Pediatric Migraine.

Front Neurol 2019 24;10:10. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Clinical Center for Neuroscience and Behavior, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a key role in the migraine pathophysiology. This study aimed to investigate its role in predicting diagnosis and outcome of pharmacotherapy in pediatric migraine. We prospectively recruited 120 subjects, who never took migraine-preventive agents in a pediatric clinic, including 68 patients with migraine, 30 with non-migraine headache (NM), and 22 non-headache (NH) age-matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353836PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of a pilot paediatric concussion telemedicine programme for northern communities in Manitoba.

Int J Circumpolar Health 2019 Dec;78(1):1573163

b Pediatrics and Child Health , University of Manitoba , Canada.

Pediatric concussion patients living in northern communities in Canada can face unique challenges accessing primary and specialized healthcare. In this study we report the clinical characteristics, healthcare utilization, outcomes and estimated cost avoidance associated with a pilot pediatric concussion telemedicine program established between a multi-disciplinary pediatric concussion program in Winnipeg, Manitoba and a hospital in Thompson, Manitoba. From October 1- July 1, 2018, 20 patients were evaluated; mean age 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22423982.2019.1573163DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366439PMC
December 2019
1 Read

Virus load and clinical features during the acute phase of Chikungunya infection in children.

PLoS One 2019 1;14(2):e0211036. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection is a long known mosquito-borne disease that is associated with severe morbidity, characterized by fever, headache, rashes, joint pain, and myalgia. It is believed that virus load has relation with severity of clinical features.

Objectives: We performed this study to assess the relationship between virus load and clinical features in children during the acute phase of CHIKV infection, in order to draw insights for better-informed treatment. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211036PLOS
February 2019
1 Read

Headache and inflammatory bowel disease: think cerebral vein!

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 29;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK.

Cerebral vein thrombosis is a severe complication of inflammatory bowel disease, can cause non-specific symptoms and hence lead to delay in diagnosis. We report the case of an adolescent with inflammatory bowel disease who developed extensive cerebral vein thrombosis requiring a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Diagnosis was markedly delayed due to repeated misinterpretation of clinical signs and laboratory findings and the lack of reconsidering the working diagnosis despite the involvement of several medical subspecialties. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22722
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227228DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Lipid levels and selected biomarkers of vascular changes in children with idiopathic headaches - a preliminary report.

Arch Med Sci 2019 Jan 2;15(1):120-125. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Department of Paediatrics and Paediatric Endocrinology, School of Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Elevated lipid concentrations were observed in adults with headaches. However, studies in children are scarce. Recent data suggest new potential risk factors for atherosclerosis, which may be associated with headaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aoms.2018.73983DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348343PMC
January 2019

Pictures portrayed by children with migraine with aura: a Turkish case series.

Neurol Sci 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Ankara Child Health and Diseases, Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Child Psychiatry Department, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Migraine is one of the most debilitating disorders with its chronic nature seen in childhood characterized by episodic bilateral or unilateral throbbing pain on the head that strikes at any time. It is divided into two categories as with or without aura and is diagnosed according to the 2013 International Headache Society criteria.

Aim And Method: This study aims to present the pictures depicted by adolescents aged 14-18 who were diagnosed with migraine with visual aura by Ankara Training and Research Hospital Child Neurology Department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-3713-2DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Current perspectives on the development and treatment of chronic daily headache in children and adolescents.

Pain Manag 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, 2411 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA.

Headache disorders subsumed under the term chronic daily headache (CDH), including chronic migraine, chronic tension-type headache and new daily persistent headache, affect up to 4% of the pediatric population and can be highly disabling and challenging to effectively treat. Although historically the knowledge base about this group of headache disorders in children primarily was derived from clinical observation and extrapolation from adult studies, over the past several years there have been important research findings relevant to the development and management of pediatric CDH that can help inform clinical practice. The intent of this paper is to provide a focused review on recent empirical work done on pediatric CDH and suggest avenues for future work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/pmt-2018-0057DOI Listing
January 2019

Follow-Up Computed Tomography Requirement of Pediatric Head Trauma Patients with Abnormal Imaging Findings.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Usak University Education and Research Hospital, Usak, Turkey.

Objective: We investigated pediatric patients presenting with isolated head trauma to emergency service. Where abnormal findings were detected on brain computed tomography (CT) scan, we evaluated the follow-up scan rate and whether follow-up scans affected the treatment protocol.

Methods: Pediatric patients who presented to emergency service between 2014 and 2017 with isolated head trauma and were later found to have abnormal findings on CT scan were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.219DOI Listing
January 2019

Effectiveness of 8-week sofosbuvir/ledipasvir in the adolescent chronic hepatitis C-infected patients.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Hepatology, Gastroenterology and Endemic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Background: The sustained virological response (SVR) rate for the 12-week sofosbuvir (SOF)/ledipasvir (LVD) treatment of adolescent genotype-4 patients is high. The aim of this study is to evaluate 8 versus 12-week treatment efficacy and safety in adolescent genotype-4 patients.

Patients And Methods: In total, 157 chronic hepatitis C-infected adolescent patients (mean age 14±2 years, 62% males) were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0000000000001360DOI Listing
January 2019

Delayed Presentations to Emergency Departments of Children With Head Injury: A PREDICT Study.

Ann Emerg Med 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Study Objective: Existing clinical decision rules guide management for head-injured children presenting 24 hours or sooner after injury, even though some may present greater than 24 hours afterward. We seek to determine the prevalence of traumatic brain injuries for patients presenting to emergency departments greater than 24 hours after injury and identify symptoms and signs to guide management.

Methods: This was a planned secondary analysis of the Australasian Paediatric Head Injury Rule Study, concentrating on first presentations greater than 24 hours after injury, with Glasgow Coma Scale scores 14 and 15. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01960644183148
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.11.035DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Premorbid migraine history as a risk factor for vestibular and oculomotor baseline concussion assessment in pediatric athletes.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Jan 11:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

3Department of Kinesiology and Sport Science, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio.

OBJECTIVEMigraine history has recently been identified as a risk factor for concussion and recovery. The authors performed a cross-sectional study examining baseline outcome measures on newly developed and implemented concussion assessment tools in pediatrics. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of premorbid, diagnosed migraine headaches as a risk factor on vestibular and oculomotor baseline assessment in pediatric athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.PEDS18425DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Menstrual Cycle and Headache in Teenagers.

Indian J Pediatr 2019 Jan 12;86(Suppl 1):25-33. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Science and Public Health, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Objective: This population-based study on school-aged girls aimed to estimate the rate of peri-menstrual headache, evaluate headache pain pattern during the menstrual cycle, and verify its relationships with physical, psychosocial and life-style factors.

Methods: The students (n = 4973) fulfilled a self-administered questionnaire on demographic and behavioral characteristics, menarche, menstrual pattern and features including headache and dysmenorrhea. The prevalence of headache and the mean pain intensity score at the three menstrual cycle phases (premenstrual, menstrual, in-between period) were estimated, both overall and by gynecological year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-018-2829-3DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome: A Novel Mechanism for Neurological Complications in Schimke Immuno-osseous Dysplasia.

Pediatr Neurol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics and Neurology and Neurotherapeutics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, Dallas, Texas; Children's Health System of Texas, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia is a rare autosomal recessive disease resulting from biallelic SMARCAL1 mutations. It presents in early childhood and is characterized by short stature, nephropathy, and immunodeficiency. Approximately 50% of those affected have neurological complications including migraines, transient ischemic attacks, and strokes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08878994183079
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2018.10.022DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Japanese Encephalitis Virus-Induced Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Neuropediatrics 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Zunyi Medical University, First Affiliated Hospital, Zunyi, Guizhou Province, China.

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis (anti-NMDARe) was originally described as a paraneoplastic disease with more than 50% cases involving a tumor. However, tumor incidence in anti-NMDARe in children is much lower. Herpes simplex virus-induced anti-NMDARe has been well-described; however, findings on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV)-induced anti-NMDARe are scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1675607DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Migrainous Infarction in a Patient With Sporadic Hemiplegic Migraine and Cystic Fibrosis: A 99mTc-HMPAO Brain SPECT Study.

Headache 2019 Feb 8;59(2):253-258. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Genetic mutations of sporadic hemiplegic migraine (SHM) are mostly unknown. SHM pathophysiology relies on cortical spreading depression (CSD), which might be responsible for ischemic brain infarction. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by a monogenic mutation of the chlorine transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), possibly altering brain excitability. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/head.13472
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13472DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Medulloepithelioma with heterologous osteoid component: a case report and review of literature.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC), 202 Queen Rania Street, P.O. Box 1269 Al-Jubeiha, Amman, 11941, Jordan.

Purpose: Medulloepithelioma is a rare brain tumor that has been classified as embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes (ETMR) if it harbors C19MC amplification. In rare instances, it shows evidence of heterologous differentiation.

Methods: We report a case of a 10-year-old female who presented with headache, squint, and minimal left sided weakness of 1 week duration. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-018-04041-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-04041-8DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Luspatercept improves hemoglobin levels and blood transfusion requirements in a study of patients with beta-thalassemia.

Blood 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Acceleron Pharma, Cambridge, MA, United States.

Beta-thalassemia is a hereditary disorder with limited approved treatment options; patients experience anemia and its complications, including iron overload. This study aim was to determine whether luspatercept could improve anemia and disease complications in patients with beta-thalassemia. This open-label, nonrandomized, uncontrolled study (NCT01749540 and NCT02268409) consisted of a 24-week dose-finding and expansion stage (initial stage) and a 5 year extension stage, currently ongoing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2018-10-879247DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Rituximab treatment for isolated IgG4-related hypophysitis in a teenage female.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2018 Dec 28;2018. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics.

IgG4-related hypophysitis is an important diagnostic consideration in patients with a pituitary mass or pituitary dysfunction and can initially present with headaches, visual field deficits and/or endocrine dysfunction. Isolated IgG4-related pituitary disease is rare, with most cases of IgG4-related disease involving additional organ systems. We report the case of a teenage female patient with isolated IgG4-related hypophysitis, diagnosed after initially presenting with headaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EDM-18-0135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311468PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

The comorbidities of dysmenorrhea: a clinical survey comparing symptom profile in women with and without endometriosis.

J Pain Res 2018 13;11:3181-3194. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Purpose: Dysmenorrhea is a common disorder that substantially disrupts the lives of young women. The frequency of 14 associated symptoms both within and outside the pelvis was determined.

Patients And Methods: Symptom questionnaires were completed by 168 women with dysmenorrhea, allocated to three groups based on their diagnostic status for endometriosis confirmed (Endo+), endometriosis excluded (Endo-), or endometriosis diagnosis unknown (No Lap). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S179409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300370PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Neuroschistosomiasis: An Unusual Intracranial Space Occupying Lesion.

Indian Pediatr 2018 Nov;55(11):993-994

Department of Neurology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, India.

Background: Neuroschistosomiasis is an uncommonly reported disease.

Case Characteristics: An adolescent Indian boy residing in Kenya presented with headache, visual symptoms and seizures, with MRI showing space-occupying lesions in the occipital lobe and cerebellum.

Observation: Brain biopsy was diagnostic of neuro-schistosomiasis; complete recovery was seen with praziquantel and corticosteroid therapy. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Primary Ewing sarcoma of the squamous temporal bone with intracranial and extracranial extension: A rare cause of sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

Head Neck 2019 Mar 24;41(3):E38-E41. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Pediatrics and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Republic of Korea.

Background: Primary Ewing sarcoma of the cranial bone is rare, accounting for only 1% of all Ewing sarcomas. Primary Ewing sarcoma arising in the squamous temporal bone is particularly rare.

Methods: A 16-year-old male was seen with signs of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25449DOI Listing

Optic neuritis caused by the re-emerging great masquerader.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 22;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Medicine, Divisions of Pulmonary, Critical Care Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

A 49-year-old Caucasian woman presented with subacute headache and right eye pain associated with scotoma, blurred vision and photophobia. MRI was suggestive of optic neuritis of the right optic nerve and she was treated with steroids. Due to persistent symptoms, a lumbar puncture was performed and cerebrospinal fluid analysis was positive for venereal disease research laboratory and rapid plasma reagin titres. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22563
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225635DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Mitochondrial Disorder: Maternally Inherited Diabetes and Deafness.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 ;1085:163-165

Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University, Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Patients with maternally inherited diabetes and deafness (MIDD) have insulin-dependent diabetes with relatively low BMI; usually the onset of the diabetes is during the third or fourth decade of life and it is associated with progressive neurosensory deafness. The fundus shows circumferentially oriented but discontinuous patches of RPE and choriocapillaris (CC) atrophy around the macula, within the arcades (Figs. 31. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-3-319-95046-4_31
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95046-4_31DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

Delayed presentation of neck arteries dissection, caused by water slide activity.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 13;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Pediatrics, Icare clinics, Dubai, Dubai, UAE.

A 16-year-old Korean boy presented with acute onset vertigo, dysphagia and gait ataxia of 16 hours duration. He had history of headache and neck pain along with transient vertigo during a water slide ride 12 days before presentation. CT brain showed left cerebellar and left lateral medullary infarcts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226333DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Headaches in Loyes-Dietz Syndrome.

Authors:
Debopam Samanta

J Child Neurol 2018 Dec 19:883073818815039. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

1 Department of Pediatrics, Neurology Section, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.

Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by cardiovascular, craniofacial, skeletal, and neurocognitive abnormalities. Recurrent headaches may constitute the neurological presentation of Loyes-Dietz syndrome in the absence of an intracranial aneurysm, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or dissection. The etiology of headaches occurring in Loeys-Dietz syndrome can be diverse but underrecognized and underreported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073818815039DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Scrofuloderma with disseminated tuberculosis in an Ethiopian child: a case report.

Authors:
Henok Tadele

J Med Case Rep 2018 Dec 17;12(1):371. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Cutaneous tuberculosis represents only 1-2% of extrapulmonary forms of tuberculosis. Scrofuloderma is an endogenous form of cutaneous tuberculosis and can present as isolated or coexist with pulmonary and disseminated forms of tuberculosis. Pathologically confirmed scrofuloderma coexisting with disseminated tuberculosis with a good treatment response is presented and discussed. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1927-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296023PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Pediatric Integrative Medicine in Academia: Stanford Children's Experience.

Children (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;5(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.

Pediatric integrative medicine is an emerging field which, to date, has not been described in detail in academic medical centers in the United States. Early research of pediatric integrative medicine modalities shows promise for the treatment of common pediatric conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, acute and chronic pain, headache, and allergy, among others. In light of the growing prevalence of pediatric illnesses and patient complexity, it is crucial to emphasize the patient's overall well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/children5120168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306866PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Clival Chondroid Chordoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Cureus 2018 Sep 28;10(9):e3381. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Teodoro Maldonado Carbo / Universidad Catolica De Santiago De Guayaquil, Guayaquil, ECU.

Chordomas are rare, slow-growing, and locally aggressive malignant neoplasms derived from primitive notochord remnants. The chondroid variety represents 14% of all chordomas mainly developing in the spheno-occipital region and presenting between the third and fifth decades of life. When developing intracranially, symptoms can range from headaches and neck pain to cranial nerve neuropathies and facial numbness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263615PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Lassa fever outbreak in adolescents in North Central Nigeria: report of cases.

J Virus Erad 2018 Oct 1;4(4):225-227. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Paediatrics, Jos university Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Background: Lassa fever (LF) is a viral haemorrhagic fever endemic to West Africa. The clinical presentation and course is variable, making diagnosis difficult.

Aim: To report the outbreak and identify the common clinical presentations of LF in paediatric patients in Jos, Plateau State, North Central, Nigeria. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6248838PMC
October 2018
1 Read

T2-blackout effect on DWI as a sign of early bone infarct and sequestration in a patient with sickle cell disease.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov 15;54:15-20. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States of America.

Differentiation of bone infarct from osteomyelitis is one of the most challenging issues in the evaluation of acute bone pain in sickle cell patients. The imaging modalities that are currently being used for assessment of bone marrow in this population have several limitations. We present a case of an 18-year-old male with a history of sickle cell disease, who was transferred to our emergency department with progressively severe headache and jaw pain for one-week. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.11.006DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in a Patient with Variegate Porphyria: A Case Report.

Cureus 2018 Sep 24;10(9):e3351. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Orthopaedics, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, PAK.

Variegate porphyria (VP) is one of the groups of rare inherited disorders of hemoglobin synthesis called Porphyria. It has two distinct manifestations, that is, those of cutaneous and nervous system. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare complication of porphyria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6255715PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Autonomic dysfunction and HPV immunization: an overview.

Immunol Res 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Rheumatology Department, National Institute of Cardiology, Mexico City, Mexico.

This article reviews the case series reported from several countries describing patients with suspected severe side effects to the HPV vaccines. The described symptom clusters are remarkably similar and include disabling fatigue, headache, widespread pain, fainting, gastrointestinal dysmotility, limb weakness, memory impairment episodes of altered awareness, and abnormal movements. This constellation of symptoms and signs has been labeled with different diagnoses such as complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS), small fiber neuropathy (SFN), myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS), or fibromyalgia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12026-018-9036-1DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Non-Syndromic Craniosynostosis Mimicking Primary Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome.

Headache 2019 Feb 25;59(2):264-265. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13450DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Pediatric Headache and Migraine: Why to Prescribe and What New Research Is Critical for Advancing Integrated Biobehavioral Care.

Headache 2019 Feb 16;59(2):289-297. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To highlight current evidence supporting the prescription of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as part of first-line preventive treatment for children and adolescents with headache and discuss a research strategy aimed at: (1) understanding how and why CBT works, and (2) developing effective and efficient approaches for integrating CBT into headache specialty, neurology, and primary care settings.

Recent Findings: Although preventive medications for pediatric headache and migraine are commonly prescribed, recent meta-analyses and an NIH-funded, multi-center clinical trial suggests that the effect of pill-taking therapies may be mostly due to a placebo effect. These findings have led to greater consideration of prescription of non-pharmacological therapies as first-line interventions (either alone or in combination with pill-based therapy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351174PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Headache attributed to aeroplane travel: the first multicentric survey in a paediatric population affected by primary headaches.

J Headache Pain 2018 Nov 14;19(1):108. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Juvenile Headache Centre, University of Padua, via Giustiniani 3, 35128, Padua, Italy.

Background: This multicentric survey investigates the prevalence and characteristics of Airplane Headache in children affected by primary headaches.

Methods: Patients with symptoms of Airplane Headache were recruited from nine Italian Pediatric Headache Centres. Each patient was handed a structured questionnaire which met the ICHD-III criteria. Read More

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https://thejournalofheadacheandpain.biomedcentral.com/articl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s10194-018-0939-yDOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads
2.801 Impact Factor

Efficacy of CoQ10 as supplementation for migraine: A meta-analysis.

Acta Neurol Scand 2019 Mar 3;139(3):284-293. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurology, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Third Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Objectives: Migraine ranks among the most frequent neurological disorders globally. Co-enzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a nutritional agent that might play a preventative role in migraine. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effects of CoQ10 as a supplemental agent in migraine. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ane.13051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ane.13051DOI Listing
March 2019
11 Reads

Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Ritonavir With or Without Dasabuvir and With or Without Ribavirin for Adolescents With HCV Genotype 1 or 4.

Hepatol Commun 2018 Nov 5;2(11):1311-1319. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Pediatrics University of California San Francisco San Francisco CA.

In adults, treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with ombitasvir (OBV)/paritaprevir (PTV)/ritonavir (r) with or without dasabuvir (DSV) and ±ribavirin (RBV) results in high rates of sustained virologic response (SVR). However, these regimens have not been investigated in adolescents. This ongoing, open-label, phase 2/3 study evaluated the pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of OBV/PTV/r+DSV±RBV treatment for 12 weeks in adolescents infected with HCV genotype (GT) 1 without cirrhosis (part 1) and the safety and efficacy of OBV/PTV/r±DSV±RBV treatment for 12 or 24 weeks in adolescents infected with GT1 or GT4 without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis (parts 1 and 2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep4.1250DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211326PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Prophylaxis with melatonin for primary stabbing headache in pediatrics: a case report.

Colomb Med (Cali) 2018 Sep 30;49(3):244-248. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Salud,Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.

Introduction: Primary stabbing headache (or "ice pick headache") is an alteration characterized by brief jabs (short stabs of pain, lasting ~3 seconds), which appear spontaneously, irregularly, and affecting unilaterally or bilaterally. Indomethacin has traditionally been used as the main therapeutic option. However, this drug is ineffective in a considerable percentage of patients and can generate multiple adverse effects that occur at therapeutic doses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.25100/cm.v49i2.3857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220483PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Intracranial Ewing sarcoma with whole genome study.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Mar 7;35(3):547-552. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 103 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.

Introduction: Ewing sarcoma (ES) as a primary intracranial tumor is very rare. Recently, CNS embryonal tumors with ES-like genomic change have been reported. Patients and methods We report a case of intracranial Ewing sarcoma in a 13-year-old girl who complained of headache and migraine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3997-1DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Telemedicine and Child Neurology.

J Child Neurol 2018 Nov 5:883073818807516. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

3 Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Over the past 2 decades, various telehealth technologies, in particular synchronous video teleconferencing between provider and patient, have been incorporated into the practice of neurology. The practice of child neurology is now starting to take advantage of these rapidly evolving resources. This review describes the evolution of tele-neurology, starting with adult tele-stroke services and expanding to the management of both adults and children with a variety of chronic neurologic disorders including epilepsy, headache, movement disorders, and neurodevelopmental disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073818807516DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Dual Delayed-Release Dexlansoprazole for Healing and Maintenance of Healed Erosive Esophagitis: A Safety Study in Adolescents.

Dig Dis Sci 2019 Feb 2;64(2):493-502. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Takeda Development Center Americas, Inc, Deerfield, IL, USA.

Background: In gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), the frequency of heartburn symptoms and erosive esophagitis (EE) increases with age in children and adolescents. Proton pump inhibitor, dexlansoprazole, is approved for healing EE of all grades, maintenance of healed EE, relief of heartburn, and treatment of symptomatic non-erosive GERD in patients ≥ 12 years.

Aim: To assess safety and efficacy of dexlansoprazole dual delayed-release capsule in healing of EE and maintenance of healed EE in adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-018-5325-8DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Neurotoxicity Associated with CD19-Targeted CAR-T Cell Therapies.

CNS Drugs 2018 Dec;32(12):1091-1101

Clinical Research Division and Integrated Immunotherapy Research Center, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Neurotoxicity is an important and common complication of chimeric antigen receptor-T cell therapies. Acute neurologic signs and/or symptoms occur in a significant proportion of patients treated with CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor-T cells for B-cell malignancies. Clinical manifestations include headache, confusion, delirium, language disturbance, seizures and rarely, acute cerebral edema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40263-018-0582-9DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Potentially addictive properties of sugar-sweetened beverages among adolescents.

Appetite 2019 Feb 29;133:130-137. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

University of California, Berkeley, Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, 2121 Berkeley Way, Room 5302, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA. Electronic address:

Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) increase risk of cardiometabolic disease. Young people consume the largest amounts of SSBs and have experienced the greatest relative gains in obesity in the past several decades. There is evidence of addictive properties of both caffeine and sugar, the primary ingredients in SSBs, but little research into such properties of SSBs in naturally occurring consumption patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2018.10.032DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Physical-Mental Comorbidity of Pediatric Migraine in the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort.

J Pediatr 2019 Feb 29;205:210-217. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Genetic Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the associations between headaches and migraine with physical and mental disorders in a large pediatric registry.

Study Design: In total, 9329 youth aged 8-21 years from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort were included. Physical conditions, including headache, were ascertained from electronic medical records and in-person interviews. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223476183130
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.09.033DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Safety, Tolerability, and Feasibility of Young Plasma Infusion in the Plasma for Alzheimer Symptom Amelioration Study: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Neurol 2019 Jan;76(1):35-40

Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California.

Importance: Young mouse plasma restores memory in aged mice, but, to our knowledge, the effects are unknown in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD).

Objective: To assess the safety, tolerability, and feasibility of infusions of young fresh frozen plasma (yFFP) from donors age 18 to 30 years in patients with AD.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The Plasma for Alzheimer Symptom Amelioration (PLASMA) study randomized 9 patients under a double-blind crossover protocol to receive 4 once-weekly infusions of either 1 unit (approximately 250 mL) of yFFP from male donors or 250 mL of saline, followed by a 6-week washout and crossover to 4 once-weekly infusions of an alternate treatment. Read More

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http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.3288DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Prevalence, determinants and knowledge of antibacterial self-medication: A cross sectional study in North-eastern Tanzania.

PLoS One 2018 31;13(10):e0206623. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Biology, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.

Self-medication is very common especially in developing countries and is documented to be associated with many health risks including antibiotic resistance. This study investigated the prevalence, determinants and knowledge of self-medication among residents of Siha District in Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 residents in a rural District of Kilimanjaro region, North-eastern Tanzania from 1st to 28th April 2017. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0206623PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209340PMC
October 2018
12 Reads
3.234 Impact Factor

Recurrent Painful Cranial Neuropathy in a Child Involving Multiple Cranial Nerves.

Headache 2019 Jan 31;59(1):111-112. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Pediatrics and Neurology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, USA.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/head.13430
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13430DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads