2,352 results match your criteria Pediatrics Headache


Relaxation training for management of paediatric headache: A rapid review.

Paediatr Child Health 2019 May 7;24(2):103-114. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta.

The objective of this review was to assess the evidence on relaxation training for management of paediatric headaches. Our methodology was a rapid review of English-language peer reviewed published literature focused on studies evaluating relaxation training as a primary or adjunct management option for headache in a paediatric population (0 to 18 years of age). Seven studies involving 571 children were included in the review. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/pch/article/24/2/103/5308619
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pch/pxy157DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462122PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations in Children.

Pediatr Neurol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Pediatric Department, University Hospital Of Heraklion, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is a rare condition in children characterized by painful ophthalmoplegia caused by inflammation of unknown etiology in the cavernous sinus, superior orbital fissure, or orbital apex. Our main purpose was to report two pediatric cases of THS, a typical one and another extremely rare one preceded by facial palsy.

Methods: Both cases were diagnosed with THS based on the 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-3 beta) criteria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08878994183072
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2019.02.013DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Age- and sex-specific first health care use for migraine in 2016 in children and adolescents from prospectively collected health insurance data in Germany.

Cephalalgia 2019 Apr 11:333102419844543. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

2 Department of Neurology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: Migraine in children and adolescents is associated with significant disability and a high risk of persistence into adulthood.

Objective: Data on migraine incidence in children and adolescents are few and relatively coarse. To tailor interventions starting shortly after disease onset, detailed information on age- and sex-specific incidence of migraine in children and adolescents is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102419844543DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Concussion Symptoms Predictive of Adolescent Sport-Related Concussion Injury.

Clin J Sport Med 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

School of Kinesiology, Western University, London, ON, Canada.

Objective: To assess the predictive capability of the postconcussion symptom scale (PCSS) of the sport concussion assessment tool (SCAT) III to differentiate concussed and nonconcussed adolescents.

Design: Retrospective.

Setting: Tertiary. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00042752-900000000-9905
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000714DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Rare case of a 3-year-old with skull base osteomyelitis: lessons to be learnt.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 8;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery, Lister Hospital, Stevenage, UK.

Skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) is a serious and rare condition most commonly seen in elderly diabetic or immunocompromised patients as a complication of otitis externa. We present the case of a previously healthy 3-year-old girl who presented to the paediatric emergency department with vomiting, fever, lethargy, headache and left-sided facial nerve palsy. The initial CT head revealed left-sided otitis media with otomastoiditis and she was managed with intravenous antibiotics and myringotomy with grommet insertion with initial improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228026DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Bihemispheric Cerebral Oximetry Monitoring's Functionality in Suspected Cerebral Edema Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Therapeutic 3% Hyperosmolar Therapy in a Pediatric Emergency Department.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Division of Biostatistics ACHRI, Department of Pediatrics, Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR.

Background: Suspected cerebral edema diabetic ketoacidosis (SCEDKA) is more common than perceived with symptoms including altered mentation, headache with vomiting, depressed Glasgow coma scale (GCS), abnormal motor or verbal responses, combativeness, and neurological depression. Suspected cerebral edema diabetic ketoacidosis has been associated with initial diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) presentation and at start of DKA therapy.Cerebral oximetry (bihemispheric regional cerebral oxygen saturation [rcSO2] and cerebral blood volume index [CBVI]) can detect increased intracranial pressure (ICP)-induced altered bihemispheric cerebral physiology (rcSO2) (Crit Care Med 2006;34:2217-2223, J Pediatr 2013;163: 1111-1116, Curr Med Chem 2009;16:94-112, Diabetologia 1985;28:739-742, Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013;14:694-700). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001774DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Craniocervical Arterial Dissection in Children: Pathophysiology and Management.

Pediatr Neurol 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Section of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada; Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Craniocervical arterial dissection is a commonly reported arteriopathy associated with stroke in children. It is characterized by a high stroke recurrence rate and variable outcomes. Here we review the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic neuroimaging approaches that are helpful in accurate diagnosis and follow-up of children with arterial dissection. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08878994183130
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2019.01.020DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Low Usage of Analgesics for Pediatric Concussion-Related Pain in US Emergency Departments Between 2007 and 2015.

J Pediatr 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To estimate the proportion of pediatric patients with a concussion who received analgesia when presenting with pain to US emergency departments, and to describe the analgesics used.

Study Design: This was a repeated cross-sectional analysis study using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey database of nationally representative emergency department visits from 2007 to 2015. We included children under 18 years old with isolated concussions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223476193026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.02.035DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome Complicating Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Indian Pediatr 2019 Mar;56(3):244-246

Department of Pediatrics, Cloudnine Children's Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a benign disorder of reversible subcortical vasogenic cerebral edema.

Case Characteristics: A 13-yr-old girl presented 4 days after complete recovery from diabetic ketoacidosis with symptoms of headache, altered sensorium, seizures, and visual loss. There was no hypertension or biochemical abnormalities identified. Read More

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March 2019
2 Reads

Guidelines of the International Headache Society for controlled trials of preventive treatment of migraine in children and adolescents, 1st edition.

Cephalalgia 2019 Apr 4:333102419842188. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

4 Headache Science Center, IRCCS C. Mondino Foundation, Pavia, Italy.

Background: Because the results of clinical trials of investigational treatments influence regulatory policy, prescribing patterns, and use in clinical practice, high quality trials are an essential component of the evidence base for migraine. The International Headache Society has published guidelines for clinical trials in adults with migraine since 1991. With multiple issues specific to children and adolescents with migraine, as well as the emergence of novel trial designs and advances in pharmaceuticals, biologics, devices, and behavioural interventions, there is a need for guidance focusing on issues specific to the conduct of clinical trials in children and adolescents with migraine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102419842188DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Two cases of neuroangiostrongyliasis: A rare disease because rarely considered or rarely diagnosed?

J Paediatr Child Health 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: The rat lungworm, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, is well established in eastern Australia, where it is the almost exclusive cause of human eosinophilic meningoencephalitis (EME). While neuroangiostrongyliasis can result in severe morbidity or death, its diagnosis requires a high index of clinical suspicion among medical practitioners. Prevention requires a high level of public awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14461DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Clinical analysis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in six children].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;57(4):277-280

Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To summarize the clinical features of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in 6 children, and to improve the understanding of CVST in children. The risk factors, clinical presentations, laboratory findings, imaging manifestations, treatments and outcomes of 6 children (3 males, 3 females) with CVST admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The risk factors of disease were found in 5 cases, including 3 cases of infection, 1 case of L-asparaginase and dexamethasone chemotherapy and 1 case of oral prednisone alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1310.2019.04.009DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Pediatric vs. Adult Prodrome and Postdrome: A Window on Migraine Pathophysiology?

Front Neurol 2019 8;10:199. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Lille Faculty of Medicine and Children's Hospital, Lille, France.

Few studies have been conducted on the prodromal and postdromal phases of the migraine attack in children and adolescents. Using a questionnaire, we found that 67% of 103 children and adolescents with migraine reported at least one prodromal symptom, with a mean number per subject of 1.8 (median 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423905PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Indications and Imaging Modality of Choice in Pediatric Headache.

Neuroimaging Clin N Am 2019 May;29(2):271-289

Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA.

Pediatric headache is a common problem, with various underlying causes. Appropriate patient selection for neuroimaging is necessary to optimize the clinical evaluation. This review aims to provide a focused discussion of the clinical evaluation of children with headache, including published guidelines pertaining to neuroimaging, technical considerations for neuroimaging, and tailoring of examinations for specific clinical entities known to cause pediatric headache. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10525149193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nic.2019.01.007DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Pediatric craniopharyngioma in association with familial adenomatous polyposis.

Fam Cancer 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Morgan Adams Neuro-Oncology Program, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a cancer predisposition syndrome driven by germline loss-of-function of the APC gene and phenotypically manifests with intestinal polyposis and a variety of extra-intestinal bone and soft tissue tumors. Craniopharyngioma is not a well-described FAP-associated tumor, however, six cases have been reported in adults, all demonstrating ectopic location and adamantinomatous histology. We report the first case of craniopharyngioma associated with FAP in a pediatric patient. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10689-019-00126-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10689-019-00126-8DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Familial hemiplegic migraine in a child with seizure disorder: clinical history is the key to diagnosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 25;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Paediatrics, Manipal Melaka Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Headache is a common presenting complaint in the paediatric population, with often migraine being a clinical diagnosis. Hemiplegic migraine is characterised by aura, sudden onset weakness of one side of the body which usually recovers without any residual neurological deficit. We report a child with a history of seizure disorder, well controlled and off medication for 3 years, who presented with a headache, aura and transient hemiplegia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228687DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Clinical Characteristics of Saffold Virus Infection in Children.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan.

Background: Saffold virus (SAFV) is a novel human cardiovirus that was identified in 2007. Recently, SAFV has been isolated from nasal and stool specimens of infants presenting with respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms and from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens of children with central nervous system infection. However, little is known regarding clinical characteristics of SAFV in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002298DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

[Clinical features of children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and related recurrence factors].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;21(3):223-228

Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University/Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders/China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders/Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Chongqing 400014, China.

Objective: To study the clinical features of children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and related recurrence factors.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data and prognosis of 73 children with ADEM who were hospitalized from November 2011 to January 2017.

Results: Among the 73 children, 41 (56%) had a history of infection before onset and 7 (10%) had a history of vaccination. Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

A case of atraumatic tetanus developed initially with worsening headache in a woman regularly cared for chronic headache at an outpatient clinic.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Mar 31;7(3):486-490. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Neurology Niigata National Hospital, National Hospital Organization Kashiwazaki, Niigata Japan.

We presented a case of atraumatic tetanus developed initially with severe headache. Headache may be a clue to the presence of tetanus. Clinicians who usually treat headache should consider the possibility of tetanus in patients who present with symptoms that are severe and atypical for a given patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406215PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Rhinologic manifestations of Burkitt Lymphoma in a pediatric population: Case series and systematic review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 13;121:127-136. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Burkitt lymphoma (BL), an aggressive form of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, arising from the nose and paranasal sinuses is relatively rare. It can present with various symptoms leading to potential misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. BL is fatal if left untreated, while early identification and treatment can improve prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.013DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Characteristics and predictors of 7- and 30-day hospital readmissions to pediatric neurology.

Neurology 2019 Apr 20;92(16):e1926-e1932. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

From the Division of Child Neurology (A.H., Y.S., S. Karkare, S. Kothare), Department of Pediatrics, Cohen Children's Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY; and Department of Pediatrics (K.S.), University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester.

Objective: Hospital readmission is an important quality improvement measure that has not been well-studied in pediatric neurology. We examined predictors of 7-day and 30-day readmissions for pediatric patients hospitalized with a neurologic diagnosis.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of hospital readmission rates in pediatric neurology patients admitted to a tertiary children's hospital from January 2017 to December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000007280DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Neurological Complications associated with Pediatric Liver Transplant in Namazi Hospital: One-Year Follow-Up.

Int J Organ Transplant Med 2019 1;10(1):30-35. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: 13%-43% of liver transplant (LT) recipients experience severe neurologic events with increased morbidity and mortality.

Objective: To evaluate the incidence of neurological complications after LT in pediatric patients in Namazi Hospital.

Methods: The medical records of 101 children aged between 1 and 18 years who underwent LT between May 2016 and May 2017 at Namazi Hospital were reviewed. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416997PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Occipital Neuralgia and Cervicogenic Headache: Diagnosis and Management.

Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2019 Mar 19;19(5):20. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Women's College Hospital Centre for Headache, Division of Neurology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: Occipital neuralgia (ON) and cervicogenic headache (CGH) are secondary headache disorders with occipital pain as a key feature. Due to significant phenotypic overlap, differentiating ON and CGH from primary headache disorders such as migraine or tension-type headache, or other secondary headache disorders, can be clinically challenging. This article reviews the anatomy, clinical features, unique diagnostic considerations, and management approaches relating to ON and CGH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11910-019-0937-8DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The prevalence of headache in German pupils of different ages and school types.

Cephalalgia 2019 Mar 18:333102419837156. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

1 Pain Center, University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine Carl Gustav Carus, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Background/objective: Headache in pupils is underestimated and has a negative impact on learning and life. The aim of this study was to investigate headache prevalence and its collateral effects, in pupils of different ages and school types in a German city.

Methods: Anonymized questionnaires were distributed to 5419 pupils attending primary and secondary schools. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102419837156DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Persistent Idiopathic Facial Pain Associated with Somatoform Disorder in an 11-Year-Old Boy.

Case Rep Psychiatry 2019 7;2019:4627850. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Matsubara Tokushukai Hospital, 7-13-26 Amami-higashi, Matsubara, Osaka 580-0032, Japan.

Persistent idiopathic facial pain (PIFP) is a poorly understood chronic disorder that rarely occurs in children. An 11-year-old boy initially presented with right cheek pain and a streptococcal infection 6 weeks previously. Facial cellulitis was suspected, which was resolved by antibiotic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4627850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383399PMC
February 2019
1 Read

An observational study of fixed-dose Tanacetum parthenium nutraceutical preparation for prophylaxis of pediatric headache.

Ital J Pediatr 2019 Mar 12;45(1):36. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Child Neurology, Pediatric Headache & Sleep Disorders Centre, Chair of Pediatrics, NESMOS Department, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University, Via Di Grottarossa, 1035-1039, 00189, Rome, Italy.

Background: Migraine is one of the most prevalent chronic pain manifestations of childhood. Despite the multitude of available treatments, parents are often concerned about chronic therapies and pediatricians have insufficient confidence in prescribing prophylactic drugs. Therefore, there is now growing interest for natural supplements used to control recurrent migraine headaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-019-0624-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419324PMC
March 2019
4 Reads
1.236 Impact Factor

Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of perampanel in Asian and non-Asian patients with epilepsy.

Epilepsia 2019 Mar;60 Suppl 1:37-46

Eisai Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore.

People of different ethnic or racial backgrounds may experience variations in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic responses to drug therapies. Our post hoc analysis evaluated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of perampanel in Asian and non-Asian populations with refractory focal seizures with or without focal to bilateral tonic-clonic (FBTC) seizures. This analysis pooled data from 4 randomized, placebo-controlled, phase-3 studies involving patients aged ≥12 years who have focal seizures with or without FBTC seizures. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/epi.14642
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.14642DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Clinical Characteristics and Outcome of Children Hospitalized With Scrub Typhus in an Area of Endemicity.

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Medicine, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute and Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is a major cause of acute febrile illness in children in the rural tropics.

Methods: We recruited 60 febrile pediatric patients with a positive scrub typhus rapid diagnostic test result and 40 healthy controls from Chiang Rai Province in northern Thailand. Diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of (1) O. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpids/piz014DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Investigating the role of expectancy in caffeine withdrawal using the balanced placebo design.

Hum Psychopharmacol 2019 Mar 12;34(2):e2692. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC, USA.

Objective: This study investigated psychological influences on drug withdrawal symptomatology using a caffeine-based model.

Methods: Using the 2 × 2 balanced placebo design caffeine dose (given caffeinated vs decaffeinated coffee) was crossed with dose expectancy (told caffeine vs. decaf) among 87 (16-hr abstinent) regular coffee consumers in a 2-day study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hup.2692DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Subclinical cerebral edema in diabetic ketoacidosis in children.

Authors:
Hemant S Agarwal

Clin Case Rep 2019 Feb 18;7(2):264-267. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Pediatrics University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center Albuquerque New Mexico.

Subclinical cerebral edema in diabetic ketoacidosis tends to manifest with subtle neurological symptoms including headache, lethargy, or disorientation and a Glasgow Coma Scale of 14-15. Treatment of subclinical cerebral edema with hyperosmolar therapy for persistent symptoms is associated with good outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1960DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6389473PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Predictive value of laboratory parameters in childhood migraine.

Acta Neurol Belg 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Family Medicine, Medical School of Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey.

Migraine is a neurovascular disease characterized by inflammation of the cerebral and extra cerebral vessels and appears in the form of attacks. Although the pathophysiology of migraine is not fully known, the data obtained because of long-term studies reliably support the presence of a potential relationship between migraine pathogenesis and platelet biology. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of migraine on MPV and other blood parameters as well as the relationship between the hematologic parameters and characteristics of the headache and whether they possess diagnostic value as inflammation and platelet biology play a fundamental role in the disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13760-019-01106-6DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Headache: an important symptom possibly linked to white matter lesions in thalassaemia.

Br J Haematol 2019 May 5;185(3):541-548. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Neurological manifestations are reported only occasionally in patients with thalassaemia and are given much less prominence than the complications related to anaemia and iron overload. White matter changes (WMCs) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with thalassaemia were first reported two decades ago but the significance of these lesions remains unclear. We studied the neurological and cognitive manifestations in 82 older patients with thalssaemia [25 Thalassaemia major (TM), 24 thalassaemia intermedia (TI) and 33 haemaglobin E β thalassaemia (EBT)] and 80 controls, and found that headaches were more common in thalassaemia patients (50/82, 61%) than in controls (18/80, 22·5%: P < 0·001). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15825DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Segesterone acetate/ethinyl estradiol 12-month contraceptive vaginal system safety evaluation.

Contraception 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate safety outcomes from clinical studies of a 12-month contraceptive vaginal system (CVS) releasing an average of segesterone acetate (SA) 150 mcg and ethinyl estradiol (EE) 13 mcg daily.

Study Design: We integrated clinical safety data from nine studies in which women used the CVS for 21 consecutive days and removed it for 7 days of each 28-day cycle. Four studies used the final manufactured CVS, including a 1-year pharmacokinetic study, two 1-year phase 3 trials and a second-year treatment extension study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.02.001DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Nimotuzumab and radiotherapy for treatment of newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG): a phase III clinical study.

J Neurooncol 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Paediatric Haematology/Oncology, Children Medical Hospital, University of Bonn, 53113, Bonn, Germany.

Background: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a devastating cancer of childhood and adolescence.

Methods: The study included patients between 3 and 20 years with clinically and radiologically confirmed DIPG. Primary endpoint was 6-month progression-free survival (PFS) following administration of nimotuzumab in combination with external beam radiotherapy (RT). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11060-019-03140-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-019-03140-zDOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Pirometaxine™ (Narlisim™) in pediatric nasal congestion: a retrospective study.

Minerva Pediatr 2019 Apr;71(2):110-115

Department of Pediatrics, Garibaldi Hospital, Catania, Italy.

Background: Nasal congestion represents a troublesome health issue which is especially and invalidating in children. Effective nasal drugs, such as sympathomimetic drugs, are usually forbidden in children under 12 years of age because of their potential systemic adverse effects. Hypertonic nasal physiological solutions have recently been successfully used to decongest nasal mucosa in children: its mechanical activity has been universally recognized as safe and effective and it represents a well-established, useful treatment in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4946.18.05225-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Multidisciplinary Pain Management for Pediatric Patients with Acute and Chronic Pain: A Foundational Treatment Approach When Prescribing Opioids.

Children (Basel) 2019 Feb 21;6(2). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Anesthesiology Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305, USA.

Opioid therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for acute procedural and postoperative pain and is regularly prescribed for severe and debilitating chronic pain conditions. Although beneficial for many patients, opioid therapy may have side effects, limited efficacy, and potential negative outcomes. Multidisciplinary pain management treatments incorporating pharmacological and integrative non-pharmacological therapies have been shown to be effective in acute and chronic pain management for pediatric populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/children6020033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406753PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Assessing evidence-based medicine and opioid/barbiturate as first-line acute treatment of pediatric migraine and primary headache: A retrospective observational study of health systems data.

Cephalalgia 2019 Feb 20:333102419833080. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

5 Mercy Research, Chesterfield, MO, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate providers' use and predictors of evidence-based medicine or opioid/barbiturate as first-line acute treatment for children's initial presentation of acute migraine or primary headache.

Methods: This retrospective, observational study utilized patient (children ages 6-17) and provider/encounter characteristics extracted from the patient's Electronic Health Record from 2008-2014 during an initial encounter for migraine or primary headache. The primary outcome was provider evidence-based medicine utilization; overall prescriptions and opioid/barbiturate prescriptions were also evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102419833080DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

High Sleep Disturbance and Longer Concussion Duration in Repeat Concussions.

Behav Sleep Med 2019 Feb 20:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a Department of Pediatrics and Neurology , MedStar Georgetown University Hospital , Washington , DC , USA.

Objectives: The relationship between repeated concussions and sleep disturbance is yet to be fully understood. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between sleep disturbance, concussion duration, and repeated concussions by assessing postconcussive symptoms and cognition.

Methods: Subjects (ages 13-33 years) underwent postconcussion cognitive function evaluation and reported postconcussion symptoms including severity of disturbed sleep (drowsiness, trouble falling asleep, sleeping more than usual, and sleeping less than usual), mood disturbance (sadness, irritability, nervousness, and emotional lability), and headache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15402002.2019.1578223DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Reduction in Head Computed Tomography Ordering in Pediatric Emergency Patients: Effect of National Publication and Local Availability of Urgent Neurology Appointments.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Mar;35(3):199-203

Department of Pediatrics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) blunt head trauma guidelines and implementation of urgent neurology follow-up (UNF) appointments on an observed decline in head computed tomography (CT) use for pediatric emergency department (PED) patients presenting with headache, seizure, and trauma.

Methods: Patients ages 0 to 18 years presenting to and discharged from an urban tertiary care PED with chief complaint of trauma, headache, and seizure between 2007 and 2013 were retrospectively included. The total number of head CTs obtained in the trauma, headache, and seizure groups was compared before and after the publication of the PECARN guidelines in 2009 and the implementation of urgent UNF within a week from PED discharge in 2011, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001757DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Bedside Transorbital Ultrasound in the Clinical Evaluation of Pediatric Optic Neuritis in the Emergency Department.

J Emerg Med 2019 Apr 10;56(4):417-420. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Children's Emergency, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore.

Background: Headache and monocular visual disturbance are worrisome pediatric presenting complaints in the emergency department. Appropriate and timely initial evaluation is critical. Most would opt for urgent computer tomography in such cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.042DOI Listing

Plasma Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide: A Potential Biomarker for Diagnosis and Therapeutic Responses in Pediatric Migraine.

Front Neurol 2019 24;10:10. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Clinical Center for Neuroscience and Behavior, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a key role in the migraine pathophysiology. This study aimed to investigate its role in predicting diagnosis and outcome of pharmacotherapy in pediatric migraine. We prospectively recruited 120 subjects, who never took migraine-preventive agents in a pediatric clinic, including 68 patients with migraine, 30 with non-migraine headache (NM), and 22 non-headache (NH) age-matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353836PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Evaluation of a pilot paediatric concussion telemedicine programme for northern communities in Manitoba.

Int J Circumpolar Health 2019 Dec;78(1):1573163

b Pediatrics and Child Health , University of Manitoba , Canada.

Pediatric concussion patients living in northern communities in Canada can face unique challenges accessing primary and specialized healthcare. In this study we report the clinical characteristics, healthcare utilization, outcomes and estimated cost avoidance associated with a pilot pediatric concussion telemedicine program established between a multi-disciplinary pediatric concussion program in Winnipeg, Manitoba and a hospital in Thompson, Manitoba. From October 1- July 1, 2018, 20 patients were evaluated; mean age 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22423982.2019.1573163DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366439PMC
December 2019
3 Reads

Virus load and clinical features during the acute phase of Chikungunya infection in children.

PLoS One 2019 1;14(2):e0211036. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection is a long known mosquito-borne disease that is associated with severe morbidity, characterized by fever, headache, rashes, joint pain, and myalgia. It is believed that virus load has relation with severity of clinical features.

Objectives: We performed this study to assess the relationship between virus load and clinical features in children during the acute phase of CHIKV infection, in order to draw insights for better-informed treatment. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211036PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358158PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Headache and inflammatory bowel disease: think cerebral vein!

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 29;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK.

Cerebral vein thrombosis is a severe complication of inflammatory bowel disease, can cause non-specific symptoms and hence lead to delay in diagnosis. We report the case of an adolescent with inflammatory bowel disease who developed extensive cerebral vein thrombosis requiring a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Diagnosis was markedly delayed due to repeated misinterpretation of clinical signs and laboratory findings and the lack of reconsidering the working diagnosis despite the involvement of several medical subspecialties. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22722
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227228DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Lipid levels and selected biomarkers of vascular changes in children with idiopathic headaches - a preliminary report.

Arch Med Sci 2019 Jan 2;15(1):120-125. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Department of Paediatrics and Paediatric Endocrinology, School of Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Elevated lipid concentrations were observed in adults with headaches. However, studies in children are scarce. Recent data suggest new potential risk factors for atherosclerosis, which may be associated with headaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aoms.2018.73983DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348343PMC
January 2019

Impaired Cerebral Vasoreactivity Despite Symptom Resolution in Sports-Related Concussion.

J Neurotrauma 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

2 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with increased risk of later-life neurodegeneration and dementia. However, the underpinning mechanisms are poorly understood, and secondary injury resulting from perturbed physiological processes plays a significant role. Cerebral vasoreactivity (CVR), a measure of hemodynamic reserve, is known to be impaired in TBI. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/neu.2018.5861
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2018.5861DOI Listing
March 2019
15 Reads

Pictures portrayed by children with migraine with aura: a Turkish case series.

Neurol Sci 2019 Apr 28;40(4):839-845. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Ankara Child Health and Diseases, Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Child Psychiatry Department, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Migraine is one of the most debilitating disorders with its chronic nature seen in childhood characterized by episodic bilateral or unilateral throbbing pain on the head that strikes at any time. It is divided into two categories as with or without aura and is diagnosed according to the 2013 International Headache Society criteria.

Aim And Method: This study aims to present the pictures depicted by adolescents aged 14-18 who were diagnosed with migraine with visual aura by Ankara Training and Research Hospital Child Neurology Department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-3713-2DOI Listing
April 2019
12 Reads

Current perspectives on the development and treatment of chronic daily headache in children and adolescents.

Pain Manag 2019 Mar 25;9(2):175-189. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, 2411 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA.

Headache disorders subsumed under the term chronic daily headache (CDH), including chronic migraine, chronic tension-type headache and new daily persistent headache, affect up to 4% of the pediatric population and can be highly disabling and challenging to effectively treat. Although historically the knowledge base about this group of headache disorders in children primarily was derived from clinical observation and extrapolation from adult studies, over the past several years there have been important research findings relevant to the development and management of pediatric CDH that can help inform clinical practice. The intent of this paper is to provide a focused review on recent empirical work done on pediatric CDH and suggest avenues for future work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/pmt-2018-0057DOI Listing

Follow-Up Computed Tomography Requirement of Pediatric Head Trauma Patients with Abnormal Imaging Findings.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Usak University Education and Research Hospital, Usak, Turkey.

Objective: We investigated pediatric patients presenting with isolated head trauma to emergency service. Where abnormal findings were detected on brain computed tomography (CT) scan, we evaluated the follow-up scan rate and whether follow-up scans affected the treatment protocol.

Methods: Pediatric patients who presented to emergency service between 2014 and 2017 with isolated head trauma and were later found to have abnormal findings on CT scan were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.219DOI Listing
January 2019

Effectiveness of 8-week sofosbuvir/ledipasvir in the adolescent chronic hepatitis C-infected patients.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Hepatology, Gastroenterology and Endemic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Background: The sustained virological response (SVR) rate for the 12-week sofosbuvir (SOF)/ledipasvir (LVD) treatment of adolescent genotype-4 patients is high. The aim of this study is to evaluate 8 versus 12-week treatment efficacy and safety in adolescent genotype-4 patients.

Patients And Methods: In total, 157 chronic hepatitis C-infected adolescent patients (mean age 14±2 years, 62% males) were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0000000000001360DOI Listing
January 2019