4,300 results match your criteria Pediatrics Child Abuse


Risk factors for child abuse, neglect and exposure to intimate partner violence in early childhood: Findings in a representative cross-sectional sample in Germany.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 May 21;106:104487. Epub 2020 May 21.

National Centre for Early Prevention, German Youth Institute, Department of Families and Family Policies, Munich, Germany.

Background: The KiD 0-3 national main study is a cross-sectional study on adversity in early childhood and parental access to support services, conducted as part of a long-term policy program for early intervention services in Germany.

Objective: To identify risk factors for child abuse, neglect and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and investigate if parental use of early intervention programs or contact to child welfare services was associated with reported child maltreatment.

Participants And Setting: 8063 families with infants and toddlers participated in the survey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104487DOI Listing

Long-term Healthcare Utilization by Medicaid Enrolled Children with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.

J Pediatr 2020 Jun;221:55-63.e6

Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY; Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate healthcare utilization in Medicaid enrolled children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in the first 2 years of life.

Study Design: A retrospective, longitudinal cohort study evaluating Medicaid enrolled children born in New York (1999-2011) and Texas (1999-2010) was performed. Healthcare utilization, including inpatient days, emergency department and outpatient visits, and filled prescriptions in children after birth hospitalization was assessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.02.077DOI Listing

The Impact of Attachment-Disrupting Adverse Childhood Experiences on Child Behavioral Health.

J Pediatr 2020 Jun;221:224-229

Center for Health Services and Society, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, CA.

Objectives: To describe patterns of overall, within-household, and community adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among children in vulnerable neighborhoods and to identify which individual ACEs, over and above overall ACE level, predict need for behavioral health services.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study that used a sample of 257 children ages 3-16 years who were seeking primary care services with co-located mental healthcare services at 1 of 2 clinics in Chicago, Illinois. The outcome variable was need for behavioral health services (Pediatric Symptom Checklist score ≥28). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.03.006DOI Listing

Making the Most of Clinical Encounters: Prevention of Child Abuse and Maltreatment.

Pediatr Clin North Am 2020 Jun 4;67(3):481-498. Epub 2020 May 4.

State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Upstate Golisano Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA. Electronic address:

Child abuse is a public health concern with great costs to children, families, and society. Prevention of child abuse and maltreatment is an important clinical skill. Providers can take advantage of the opportunity to offer prevention interventions in the health care setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2020.02.004DOI Listing

Alexithymia, Emotion-Regulation Strategies, and Traumatic Experiences in Prenatally Cocaine-Exposed Young Adults.

Am J Addict 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Background And Objectives: Exposure to early-life trauma may lead to maladaptive characteristics such as alexithymia, and thus to poorer emotional regulation. This relationship may also be influenced by exposure to substances prenatally. We hypothesized that increased alexithymia would be seen in those with prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajad.13056DOI Listing

Accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of classic metaphyseal lesions using radiographs as the gold standard.

Pediatr Radiol 2020 May 18. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: Diagnosis of classic metaphyseal lesions (CMLs) in children suspected for child abuse can be challenging. Ultrasound (US) can potentially help diagnose CMLs. However, its accuracy is unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-020-04671-8DOI Listing

Factors Associated with Child-Welfare Involvement among Prenatally Substance-Exposed Infants.

J Pediatr 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE; Department of Pediatrics, Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA.

Objective: To assess factors impacting child-welfare involvement and child abuse and neglect outcomes among prenatally substance-exposed infants.

Study Design: This was a retrospective review of case registry data regarding substance-exposed infants tracked statewide in Delaware from 2014 to 2018. Differences in maternal, infant, and substance exposure factors by level of child-welfare involvement (screened-in vs screened-out case status) and child abuse and neglect outcomes were examined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.03.036DOI Listing

Consultations in Child Abuse Pediatrics.

Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2020 May 18:9922820920019. Epub 2020 May 18.

Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

This study describes a hospital-based child abuse pediatrics consultation service. Medical records for all child abuse pediatrics consultations during 2006 to 2009 were reviewed. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0009922820920019DOI Listing

Development of a measure of the relative reinforcing value of food versus parent-child interaction for young children.

Appetite 2020 May 14:104731. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, USA; Center for Ingestive Behavior Research, University at Buffalo, USA. Electronic address:

The relative reinforcing value (RRV) of food captures individual differences in the motivation to eat and is associated with weight status among infants, children, and adults. Currently, there is no concurrent measure of the RRV of food versus a non-food alternative for 4-to-5-year-old children. The present study aimed to develop and validate a measure of the RRV of food versus time spent interacting with a parent in the context of reading among 4-to-5-year-old children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104731DOI Listing

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Changing Levels of Psychosocial Distress Scores Across Pregnancy in Kenyan Women.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 May 13;17(10). Epub 2020 May 13.

School of Nursing, Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada.

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with deleterious effects on mental health in pregnancy.

Methods: The ACE International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ) was used to measure neglect, abuse, and household dysfunction. Longitudinal mixed effect modelling was used to test the effect of ACEs on pregnancy-related anxiety, depressive symptoms, and perceived stress at two time points (12-19 and 22-29 weeks) during pregnancy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103401DOI Listing

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), peer victimization, and substance use among adolescents.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 May 8;106:104504. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, and of Pediatrics, Offord Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are common and related to substance use problems in adulthood. Less is known about these relationships in adolescence and if experiencing ACEs in addition to peer victimization (or bullying) would have an interaction or cumulative effect on the odds of adolescent substance use.

Method: Data were used from the Well-Being and Experiences Study (The WE Study), a cross-sectional survey of adolescents aged 14-17 years (n = 1002) in Manitoba, Canada collected between July 2017 and October 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104504DOI Listing

Children's Mental Health Emergency Department Visits: 2007-2016.

Pediatrics 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio;

Background And Objectives: Emergency department (ED) visits for children seeking mental health care have increased. Few studies have examined national patterns and characteristics of EDs that these children present to. In data from the National Pediatric Readiness Project, it is reported that less than half of EDs are prepared to treat children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-1536DOI Listing

Recording Risk Factors of Physical Abuse in Children Younger Than 36 Months With Bone Fractures: A 12-Years Retrospective Study in an Italian General Hospital Emergency Room.

Front Pediatr 2020 21;8:183. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Pediatric Clinic, Pietro Barilla Children's Hospital, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Skeletal fractures (SFs) are very common in pediatrics. In some cases, they are secondary to child abuse. Differentiation of accidental from non-accidental fractures (NAFs) is essential as in abused children risk of further injuries leading to severe clinical problems and death is significant. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2020.00183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7186300PMC

Sexual Abuse in Children: What the General Practice OB/Gyn Needs to Know.

Authors:
Joyce A Adams

Clin Obstet Gynecol 2020 May 1. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California.

The medical evaluation of a child who may have been sexually abused can be a challenge for physicians who are unfamiliar with the wide variation in normal genital anatomy in prepubertal girls. Signs of injury are rarely found, unless the child is examined within 72 hours of the event. This article will provide some history about how guidelines for medical care of these children have been developed, and list some of the findings that are normal or normal variants, caused by other conditions, or due to trauma or infection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GRF.0000000000000539DOI Listing

Autonomic functioning among cocaine-exposed kindergarten-aged children: Examination of child sex and caregiving environmental risk as potential moderators.

Neurotoxicol Teratol 2020 Apr 28;80:106889. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Pediatrics, SUNY at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY, United States of America.

The purpose of this study was to examine the hypothesis that child sex moderates the association between prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) and autonomic functioning as well as to examine the role that caregiving environmental risk played in sex differences in autonomic functioning among exposed children. Measures of the parasympathetic nervous system (indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia [RSA]) and the sympathetic nervous system (indexed by skin conductance level [SCL]) were obtained from 146 (75 cocaine-exposed, 38 male; and 71 nonexposed, 36 male) children during baseline and a task designed to elicit negative affect (NA). We also examined the role of caregiving environmental risk as a moderator of the association between PCE and autonomic functioning separately for boys and girls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ntt.2020.106889DOI Listing

Human resources and curricula content for early child development implementation: multicountry mixed methods evaluation.

BMJ Open 2020 Apr 26;10(4):e032134. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Maternal, Adolescent, Reproductive and Child Health Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK

Objective: The WHO recommends responsive caregiving and early learning (RCEL) interventions to improve early child development (ECD), and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals' vision of a world where all children thrive. Implementation of RCEL programmes in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) requires evidence to inform decisions about human resources and curricula content. We aimed to describe human resources and curricula content for implementation of RCEL projects across diverse LMICs, using data from the Grand Challenges Canada Saving Brains ECD portfolio. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204990PMC
April 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

High-risk Pediatric Emergencies.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2020 May;38(2):383-400

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 4th floor, 801 Albany Street, Boston, MA, 02119, USA.

More than half of pediatric malpractice cases arise from emergency departments, primarily due to missed or delayed diagnoses. All providers who take care of children in emergency departments should be aware of this risk and the most common diagnoses associated with medicolegal liability. This article focuses on diagnosis and management of high-risk diagnoses in pediatric patients presenting to emergency departments, including meningitis, pneumonia, appendicitis, testicular torsion, and fracture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2020.01.004DOI Listing

Global injury morbidity and mortality from 1990 to 2017: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017.

Authors:
Spencer L James Chris D Castle Zachary V Dingels Jack T Fox Erin B Hamilton Zichen Liu Nicholas L S Roberts Dillon O Sylte Nathaniel J Henry Kate E LeGrand Ahmed Abdelalim Amir Abdoli Ibrahim Abdollahpour Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader Aidin Abedi Akine Eshete Abosetugn Abdelrahman I Abushouk Oladimeji M Adebayo Marcela Agudelo-Botero Tauseef Ahmad Rushdia Ahmed Muktar Beshir Ahmed Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour Fares Alahdab Genet Melak Alamene Fahad Mashhour Alanezi Animut Alebel Niguse Meles Alema Suliman A Alghnam Samar Al-Hajj Beriwan Abdulqadir Ali Saqib Ali Mahtab Alikhani Cyrus Alinia Vahid Alipour Syed Mohamed Aljunid Amir Almasi-Hashiani Nihad A Almasri Khalid Altirkawi Yasser Sami Abdeldayem Amer Saeed Amini Arianna Maever Loreche Amit Catalina Liliana Andrei Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam Carl Abelardo T Antonio Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah Jalal Arabloo Morteza Arab-Zozani Zohreh Arefi Olatunde Aremu Filippo Ariani Amit Arora Malke Asaad Babak Asghari Nefsu Awoke Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla Getinet Ayano Martin Amogre Ayanore Samad Azari Ghasem Azarian Alaa Badawi Ashish D Badiye Eleni Bagli Atif Amin Baig Mohan Bairwa Ahad Bakhtiari Arun Balachandran Maciej Banach Srikanta K Banerjee Palash Chandra Banik Amrit Banstola Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo Till Winfried Bärnighausen Lope H Barrero Akbar Barzegar Mohsen Bayati Bayisa Abdissa Baye Neeraj Bedi Masoud Behzadifar Tariku Tesfaye Bekuma Habte Belete Corina Benjet Derrick A Bennett Isabela M Bensenor Kidanemaryam Berhe Pankaj Bhardwaj Anusha Ganapati Bhat Krittika Bhattacharyya Sadia Bibi Ali Bijani Muhammad Shahdaat Bin Sayeed Guilherme Borges Antonio Maria Borzì Soufiane Boufous Alexandra Brazinova Nikolay Ivanovich Briko Shyam S Budhathoki Josip Car Rosario Cárdenas Félix Carvalho João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela Giulio Castelpietra Ferrán Catalá-López Ester Cerin Joht S Chandan Wagaye Fentahun Chanie Soosanna Kumary Chattu Vijay Kumar Chattu Irini Chatziralli Neha Chaudhary Daniel Youngwhan Cho Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury Dinh-Toi Chu Samantha M Colquhoun Maria-Magdalena Constantin Vera M Costa Giovanni Damiani Ahmad Daryani Claudio Alberto Dávila-Cervantes Feleke Mekonnen Demeke Asmamaw Bizuneh Demis Gebre Teklemariam Demoz Desalegn Getnet Demsie Afshin Derakhshani Kebede Deribe Rupak Desai Mostafa Dianati Nasab Diana Dias da Silva Zahra Sadat Dibaji Forooshani Kerrie E Doyle Tim Robert Driscoll Eleonora Dubljanin Bereket Duko Adema Arielle Wilder Eagan Aziz Eftekhari Elham Ehsani-Chimeh Maysaa El Sayed Zaki Demelash Abewa Elemineh Shaimaa I El-Jaafary Ziad El-Khatib Christian Lycke Ellingsen Mohammad Hassan Emamian Daniel Adane Endalew Sharareh Eskandarieh Pawan Sirwan Faris Andre Faro Farshad Farzadfar Yousef Fatahi Wubalem Fekadu Tomas Y Ferede Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad Eduarda Fernandes Pietro Ferrara Garumma Tolu Feyissa Irina Filip Florian Fischer Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan Masoud Foroutan Joel Msafiri Francis Richard Charles Franklin Takeshi Fukumoto Biniyam Sahiledengle Geberemariyam Abadi Kahsu Gebre Ketema Bizuwork Gebremedhin Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel Berhe Gebremichael Getnet Azeze Gedefaw Birhanu Geta Mansour Ghafourifard Farhad Ghamari Ahmad Ghashghaee Asadollah Gholamian Tiffany K Gill Alessandra C Goulart Ayman Grada Michal Grivna Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen Gubari Rafael Alves Guimarães Yuming Guo Gaurav Gupta Juanita A Haagsma Nima Hafezi-Nejad Hassan Haghparast Bidgoli Brian James Hall Randah R Hamadeh Samer Hamidi Josep Maria Haro Md Mehedi Hasan Amir Hasanzadeh Soheil Hassanipour Hadi Hassankhani Hamid Yimam Hassen Rasmus Havmoeller Khezar Hayat Delia Hendrie Fatemeh Heydarpour Martha Híjar Hung Chak Ho Chi Linh Hoang Michael K Hole Ramesh Holla Naznin Hossain Mehdi Hosseinzadeh Sorin Hostiuc Guoqing Hu Segun Emmanuel Ibitoye Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi Irena Ilic Milena D Ilic Leeberk Raja Inbaraj Endang Indriasih Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam M Mofizul Islam Rebecca Q Ivers Kathryn H Jacobsen Mohammad Ali Jahani Nader Jahanmehr Mihajlo Jakovljevic Farzad Jalilian Sudha Jayaraman Achala Upendra Jayatilleke Ravi Prakash Jha Yetunde O John-Akinola Jost B Jonas Nitin Joseph Farahnaz Joukar Jacek Jerzy Jozwiak Suresh Banayya Jungari Mikk Jürisson Ali Kabir Rajendra Kadel Amaha Kahsay Leila R Kalankesh Rohollah Kalhor Teshome Abegaz Kamil Tanuj Kanchan Neeti Kapoor Manoochehr Karami Amir Kasaeian Hagazi Gebremedhin Kassaye Taras Kavetskyy Hafte Kahsay Kebede Peter Njenga Keiyoro Abraham Getachew Kelbore Bayew Kelkay Yousef Saleh Khader Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie Nauman Khalid Ibrahim A Khalil Rovshan Khalilov Mohammad Khammarnia Ejaz Ahmad Khan Maseer Khan Tripti Khanna Habibolah Khazaie Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani Roba Khundkar Daniel N Kiirithio Young-Eun Kim Daniel Kim Yun Jin Kim Adnan Kisa Sezer Kisa Hamidreza Komaki Shivakumar K M Kondlahalli Vladimir Andreevich Korshunov Ai Koyanagi Moritz U G Kraemer Kewal Krishan Burcu Kucuk Bicer Nuworza Kugbey Vivek Kumar Nithin Kumar G Anil Kumar Manasi Kumar Girikumar Kumaresh Om P Kurmi Oluwatosin Kuti Carlo La Vecchia Faris Hasan Lami Prabhat Lamichhane Justin J Lang Van C Lansingh Dennis Odai Laryea Savita Lasrado Arman Latifi Paolo Lauriola Janet L Leasher Shaun Wen Huey Lee Tsegaye Lolaso Lenjebo Miriam Levi Shanshan Li Shai Linn Xuefeng Liu Alan D Lopez Paulo A Lotufo Raimundas Lunevicius Ronan A Lyons Mohammed Madadin Muhammed Magdy Abd El Razek Narayan Bahadur Mahotra Marek Majdan Azeem Majeed Jeadran N Malagon-Rojas Venkatesh Maled Reza Malekzadeh Deborah Carvalho Malta Navid Manafi Amir Manafi Ana-Laura Manda Narayana Manjunatha Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei Borhan Mansouri Mohammad Ali Mansournia Joemer C Maravilla Lyn M March Amanda J Mason-Jones Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi Benjamin Ballard Massenburg Pallab K Maulik Gebrekiros Gebremichael Meles Addisu Melese Zeleke Aschalew Melketsedik Peter T N Memiah Walter Mendoza Ritesh G Menezes Meresa Berwo Mengesha Melkamu Merid Mengesha Tuomo J Meretoja Atte Meretoja Hayimro Edemealem Merie Tomislav Mestrovic Bartosz Miazgowski Tomasz Miazgowski Ted R Miller G K Mini Andreea Mirica Erkin M Mirrakhimov Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh Prasanna Mithra Babak Moazen Masoud Moghadaszadeh Efat Mohamadi Yousef Mohammad Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad Aso Mohammad Darwesh Naser Mohammad Gholi Mezerji Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani Milad Mohammadoo-Khorasani Reza Mohammadpourhodki Shafiu Mohammed Jemal Abdu Mohammed Farnam Mohebi Mariam Molokhia Lorenzo Monasta Yoshan Moodley Mahmood Moosazadeh Masoud Moradi Ghobad Moradi Maziar Moradi-Lakeh Farhad Moradpour Lidia Morawska Ilais Moreno Velásquez Naho Morisaki Shane Douglas Morrison Tilahun Belete Mossie Atalay Goshu Muluneh Srinivas Murthy Kamarul Imran Musa Ghulam Mustafa Ashraf F Nabhan Ahamarshan Jayaraman Nagarajan Gurudatta Naik Mukhammad David Naimzada Farid Najafi Vinay Nangia Bruno Ramos Nascimento Morteza Naserbakht Vinod Nayak Duduzile Edith Ndwandwe Ionut Negoi Josephine W Ngunjiri Cuong Tat Nguyen Huong Lan Thi Nguyen Rajan Nikbakhsh Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum Chukwudi A Nnaji Peter S Nyasulu Felix Akpojene Ogbo Onome Bright Oghenetega In-Hwan Oh Emmanuel Wandera Okunga Andrew T Olagunju Tinuke O Olagunju Ahmed Omar Bali Obinna E Onwujekwe Kwaku Oppong Asante Heather M Orpana Erika Ota Nikita Otstavnov Stanislav S Otstavnov Mahesh P A Jagadish Rao Padubidri Smita Pakhale Keyvan Pakshir Songhomitra Panda-Jonas Eun-Kee Park Sangram Kishor Patel Ashish Pathak Sanghamitra Pati George C Patton Kebreab Paulos Amy E Peden Veincent Christian Filipino Pepito Jeevan Pereira Hai Quang Pham Michael R Phillips Marina Pinheiro Roman V Polibin Suzanne Polinder Hossein Poustchi Swayam Prakash Dimas Ria Angga Pribadi Parul Puri Zahiruddin Quazi Syed Mohammad Rabiee Navid Rabiee Amir Radfar Anwar Rafay Ata Rafiee Alireza Rafiei Fakher Rahim Siavash Rahimi Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar Muhammad Aziz Rahman Ali Rajabpour-Sanati Fatemeh Rajati Ivo Rakovac Kavitha Ranganathan Sowmya J Rao Vahid Rashedi Prateek Rastogi Priya Rathi Salman Rawaf Lal Rawal Reza Rawassizadeh Vishnu Renjith Andre M N Renzaho Serge Resnikoff Aziz Rezapour Ana Isabel Ribeiro Jennifer Rickard Carlos Miguel Rios González Luca Ronfani Gholamreza Roshandel Anas M Saad Yogesh Damodar Sabde Siamak Sabour Basema Saddik Saeed Safari Roya Safari-Faramani Hamid Safarpour Mahdi Safdarian S Mohammad Sajadi Payman Salamati Farkhonde Salehi Saleh Salehi Zahabi Marwa R Rashad Salem Hosni Salem Omar Salman Inbal Salz Abdallah M Samy Juan Sanabria Lidia Sanchez Riera Milena M Santric Milicevic Abdur Razzaque Sarker Arash Sarveazad Brijesh Sathian Monika Sawhney Susan M Sawyer Sonia Saxena Mehdi Sayyah David C Schwebel Soraya Seedat Subramanian Senthilkumaran Sadaf G Sepanlou Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi Feng Sha Faramarz Shaahmadi Saeed Shahabi Masood Ali Shaikh Mehran Shams-Beyranvand Morteza Shamsizadeh Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini Hamid Sharifi Aziz Sheikh Mika Shigematsu Jae Il Shin Rahman Shiri Soraya Siabani Inga Dora Sigfusdottir Pankaj Kumar Singh Jasvinder A Singh Dhirendra Narain Sinha Catalin-Gabriel Smarandache Emma U R Smith Amin Soheili Bija Soleymani Ali Reza Soltanian Joan B Soriano Muluken Bekele Sorrie Ireneous N Soyiri Dan J Stein Mark A Stokes Mu'awiyyah Babale Sufiyan Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria Bryan L Sykes Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos Karen M Tabb Biruk Wogayehu Taddele Degena Bahrey Tadesse Animut Tagele Tamiru Ingan Ukur Tarigan Yonatal Mesfin Tefera Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi Merhawi Gebremedhin Tekle Gebretsadkan Hintsa Tekulu Ayenew Kassie Tesema Berhe Etsay Tesfay Rekha Thapar Asres Bedaso Tilahune Kenean Getaneh Tlaye Hamid Reza Tohidinik Roman Topor-Madry Bach Xuan Tran Khanh Bao Tran Jaya Prasad Tripathy Alexander C Tsai Lorainne Tudor Car Saif Ullah Irfan Ullah Maida Umar Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan Era Upadhyay Olalekan A Uthman Pascual R Valdez Tommi Juhani Vasankari Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian Francesco S Violante Vasily Vlassov Yasir Waheed Girmay Teklay Weldesamuel Andrea Werdecker Taweewat Wiangkham Haileab Fekadu Wolde Dawit Habte Woldeyes Dawit Zewdu Wondafrash Temesgen Gebeyehu Wondmeneh Adam Belay Wondmieneh Ai-Min Wu Rajaram Yadav Ali Yadollahpour Yuichiro Yano Sanni Yaya Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi Paul Yip Engida Yisma Naohiro Yonemoto Seok-Jun Yoon Yoosik Youm Mustafa Z Younis Zabihollah Yousefi Yong Yu Chuanhua Yu Hasan Yusefzadeh Telma Zahirian Moghadam Zoubida Zaidi Sojib Bin Zaman Mohammad Zamani Maryam Zamanian Hamed Zandian Ahmad Zarei Fatemeh Zare Zhi-Jiang Zhang Yunquan Zhang Sanjay Zodpey Lalit Dandona Rakhi Dandona Louisa Degenhardt Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne Simon I Hay Ali H Mokdad Robert C Reiner Benn Sartorius Theo Vos

Inj Prev 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Past research in population health trends has shown that injuries form a substantial burden of population health loss. Regular updates to injury burden assessments are critical. We report Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 Study estimates on morbidity and mortality for all injuries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043494DOI Listing
April 2020
1.941 Impact Factor

Child Abuse Awareness Month During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic.

JAMA Pediatr 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Gainesville.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1459DOI Listing

Confirmatory factor analysis of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among a community-based sample of parents and adolescents.

BMC Pediatr 2020 Apr 21;20(1):178. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, and of Pediatrics, Offord Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Despite increased understanding of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), very little advancement has been made in how ACEs are defined and conceptualized. The current objectives were to determine: 1) how well a theoretically-derived ACEs model fit the data, and 2) the association of all ACEs and the ACEs factors with poor self-rated mental and physical health.

Methods: Data were obtained from the Well-Being and Experiences Study, survey data of adolescents aged 14 to 17 years (n = 1002) and their parents (n = 1000) in Manitoba, Canada collected from 2017 to 2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02063-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171813PMC

Gender discrimination and depressive symptoms among child-bearing women: ELSPAC-CZ cohort study.

EClinicalMedicine 2020 Mar 4;20:100297. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: Depression is approximately two-fold more prevalent among women than men. Social theories suggest that discrimination is a pathway through which gender inequalities affect women's lives, but data are lacking. This cohort study evaluates whether perceived gender discrimination is linked to depressive symptoms among child-bearing women. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100297DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7152827PMC

Microarray results as an indicator of sexual abuse.

Paediatr Child Health 2020 Apr 10;25(3):134-135. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Division of Child and Youth Protection, Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario.

This case report illustrates the unexpected identification of intrafamilial sexual abuse of a young mother through genetic testing of her child. The child's genome was found to have a relatively common chromosomal condition with congruent clinical manifestations, but the microarray also suggested a close biological relationship between the parents because of a high degree of homozygosity. This prompted a child protection investigation as the mother had been a minor at the time of conception, and intrafamilial sexual abuse was confirmed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pch/pxz034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7147699PMC

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in a Midwestern City: Child Characteristics, Maternal Risk Traits, and Prevalence.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2020 Apr 15;44(4):919-938. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

Objective: To determine the characteristics of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and their mothers in a Midwestern city.

Methods: Case-control samples were drawn from 2 separate first-grade cohorts (combined N = 4,047) in every city school using different methods. In Cohort Sample 1, all consented small children (≤25th centile on height, weight, and/or head circumference) entered the study along with a random sample from all enrolled students. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7166178PMC
April 2020
3.205 Impact Factor

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in a Southeastern County of the United States: Child Characteristics and Maternal Risk Traits.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2020 Apr 15;44(4):939-959. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

Objective: To detail the characteristic traits of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) and maternal risk factors in a southeastern U.S. County. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7169982PMC

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in a Rocky Mountain Region City: Child Characteristics, Maternal Risk Traits, and Prevalence.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2020 Apr 15;44(4):900-918. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

Objective: To document prevalence and traits of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and maternal risk factors in a Rocky Mountain city.

Methods: Variations on active case ascertainment methods were used in 2 first-grade cohorts in all city schools. The consent rate was 59. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7166196PMC

Child Abuse, Spanking and Adult Dating Violence: A Replication Study of Temple et al., 2018.

Psychiatr Q 2020 Apr 14. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Psychology, Stetson University, 421 N. Woodland Blvd., DeLand, FL, 32729, USA.

The issue of whether spanking does or does not contribute to later aggression remains controversial despite public policy statements by the American Academy of Pediatrics and other groups opposing spanking. Studies have remained inconsistent regarding whether spanking does or does not contribute to later aggression. One study, Temple et al. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09742-5DOI Listing

Use of the Whole Child Assessment to identify children at risk of poor outcomes.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jun 11;104:104489. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Loma Linda University Behavioral Medicine Center, Loma Linda, CA, United States.

Background: Screening for Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in pediatric patients has the potential to prevent poor health outcomes associated with ACEs. Only a limited number of tools screen for all ten ACEs in all pediatric age groups, and none of these have demonstrated robust validity to date.

Objective: In order to evaluate the validity of the Whole Child Assessment, we examined associations between poor outcomes in pediatric patients and responses to questions about exposure to and risk of ACEs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104489DOI Listing

Correction: Child sexual abuse among medical school students: experiences and perceptions.

Int J Impot Res 2020 Apr 7. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Alexandra Hospital, 80 Vas Sofias Avenue, Athens, Greece.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41443-020-0267-zDOI Listing

Community initiated kangaroo mother care and early child development in low birth weight infants in India-a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Pediatr 2020 Apr 4;20(1):150. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: In a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with 8402 stable low birthweight (LBW) infants, majority being late preterm or term small for gestational age, community-initiated KMC (ciKMC) showed a significant improvement in survival. However, the effect of ciKMC on neurodevelopment is unclear. This is important to elucidate as children born with low birth weight are at high risk of neurodevelopmental deficits. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02046-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7126178PMC
April 2020
1.918 Impact Factor

The Michigan infant mental health home visiting model.

Infant Ment Health J 2020 03 3;41(2):166-177. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Selma Fraiberg's pioneering work with infants, toddlers, and families over 40 years ago led to the development of a field in which professionals from multiple disciplines learned to work with or on behalf of infants, very young children, their parents, and the relationships that bind them together. The intent was to promote social and emotional health through enhancing the security of early developing parent-child relationships in the first years of life (Fraiberg, 2018). Called infant mental health (IMH), practitioners from fields of health, education, social work, psychology, human development, nursing, pediatrics, and psychiatry specialize in supporting the optimal development of infants and the developing relationship between infants and their caregivers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21838DOI Listing

Child maltreatment surveillance following the ICD-10-CM transition, 2016-2018.

Inj Prev 2020 Apr 1. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

School of Medicine, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Child maltreatment is poorly documented in clinical data. The International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) represents the first time that confirmed and suspected child maltreatment can be distinguished in medical coding. The utility of this distinction in practice remains unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043579DOI Listing

Adolescent SBIRT Practices Among Pediatricians in Massachusetts.

J Addict Med 2020 Mar/Apr;14(2):145-149

Adolescent Substance Use and Addiction Program, Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA (SL, AW); Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (SL, SKH); Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research, Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA (SKH); Division of Child, Youth, and Family Services, Massachusetts Department of Mental Health, Boston, MA (HS, CF); Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Program, Massachusetts Behavioral Health Partnership, Beacon Health Options, Boston, MA (JHS).

Objectives: Adolescent Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) in primary care is a key strategy to prevent, identify, and respond to substance use problems and disorders, including opioid and other drug addictions. Despite substantial investment in recent years to increase its implementation, few studies have reported on recent levels of SBIRT implementation among pediatricians. We aimed to assess self-reported use of the SBIRT framework with adolescent patients among Massachusetts pediatricians, and describe trends since an earlier survey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000551DOI Listing

Peer Victimization of Maltreated Youth: Distinct Risk for Physically Abused Versus Neglected Children.

Authors:
Mandy A O'Hara

J Sch Health 2020 Jun 24;90(6):457-464. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Pediatrics, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY.

Background: Although child abuse is associated with peer victimization in adolescence, few studies have assessed if maltreated children experiencing only neglect are at increased risk as well. The purpose of this study is to assess the risk of peer victimization for maltreated youth who have been physically abused versus neglected to guide targeted bully prevention efforts in schools.

Methods: Utilizing LONGSCAN archived data collected between 1991 and 2012, children physically abused or neglected in the first 12 years of life were assessed for physically aggressive peer victimization at age 16, compared to nonmaltreated children, with a total sample size of 650 participants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josh.12895DOI Listing

Goal commitment evolution in a Spanish adolescent sample with cannabis use disorder.

Addict Behav 2020 Mar 17;107:106388. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Alcohol Research Center and Department of Psychiatry & Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 195 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030-6326, USA.

Introduction: The treatment of adolescents with Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) presents a variety of challenges. The identification of a patient's treatment goal might be an important predictor of cannabis consumption and a key factor when designing the intervention. This paper aims to present the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Adolescent Substance Abuse Goal Commitment (ASAGC) questionnaire in adolescent consumers of cannabis and to report the association of goal commitment with the treatment outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106388DOI Listing

Prevalence of Abuse and Additional Injury in Young Children With Rib Fractures as Their Presenting Injury.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

From the Safe Place: The Center for Child Protection and Health, Division of General Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of (a) additional injuries, (b) abuse as determined by a standardized scale, and (c) reports to child protective services (CPS) among children younger than 5 years in whom a rib fracture was the first presenting injury concerning for abuse.

Methods: A retrospective study of children younger than 5 years diagnosed with rib fractures at a tertiary pediatric hospital between 2007 and 2018 was performed. Children in motor vehicle crashes, hospitalized after birth, or with previously diagnosed metabolic bone disease were excluded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002071DOI Listing

Fracture-Associated Bruising and Soft Tissue Swelling in Young Children With Skull Fractures: How Sensitive Are They to Fracture Presence?

Pediatr Emerg Care 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Children's Protection Program, University of Washington, Seattle Children's Hospital.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine how reliable scalp bruising and soft tissue swelling/cephalohematomas (STS) are for underlying young child skull fractures.

Methods: This was a retrospective clinical and imaging review from 2011 to 2012 of children younger than 4 years with skull fractures from 2 tertiary care hospitals. Imaging was reread by 3 pediatric radiologists. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002058DOI Listing

Abusive Head Trauma in Infants and Children.

Pediatrics 2020 Apr 23;145(4). Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Pediatrics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas.

Abusive head trauma (AHT) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population, especially in young infants. In the past decade, advancements in research have refined medical understanding of the epidemiological, clinical, biomechanical, and pathologic factors comprising the diagnosis, thereby enhancing clinical detection of a challenging diagnostic entity. Failure to recognize AHT and respond appropriately at any step in the process, from medical diagnosis to child protection and legal decision-making, can place children at risk. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-0203DOI Listing

Child sexual abuse among medical school students: experiences and perceptions.

Int J Impot Res 2020 Mar 17. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Alexandra Hospital, 80 Vas Sofias Avenue, Athens, Greece.

Given that 5-25% of the adult population report child sexual abuse (CSA), most clinicians will care for victims. Data regarding CSA experiences among medical students are limited and the association of medical students' own history of CSA with relevant perceptions has not been previously examined. The aim of this study was to assess CSA perceptions and exposure of medical students, while exploring their associations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41443-020-0254-4DOI Listing

Characterizing Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder: Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and the Spectrum of Outcomes.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2020 Mar 15. Epub 2020 Mar 15.

Departments of Pediatrics and Family Medicine and Public Health, (CDC), University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California.

Background: The effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) are conceptualized as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) as the most severe. Many find it more difficult to characterize behavioral and cognitive effects of exposure on the central nervous system when physical signs are not present. In the current study, an operational definition of alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) was examined to determine its usefulness in discrimination of children classified as ARND based on behavior (ARND/B) and cognition (ARND/C) from children in 4 contrast groups: (i) children exposed to study-defined "risky drinking"; (ii) children with any reported PAE; (iii) children classified as "Higher Risk" for developmental problems; and (iv) children classified as "Lower Risk. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14325DOI Listing

Pushing Back: Balancing Cost Against the Price of Missing Child Physical Abuse.

Hosp Pediatr 2020 Apr 11;10(4):378-380. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware; and

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/hpeds.2019-0324DOI Listing

Advances and Future Directions of Diagnosis and Management of Pediatric Abusive Head Trauma: A Review of the Literature.

Front Neurol 2020 20;11:118. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States.

Abusive head trauma (AHT) is broadly defined as injury of the skull and intracranial contents as a result of perpetrator-inflicted force and represents a persistent and significant disease burden in children under the age of 4 years. When compared to age-matched controls with typically single occurrence accidental traumatic brain injury (TBI), mortality after AHT is disproportionately high and likely attributable to key differences between injury phenotypes. This article aims to review the epidemiology of AHT, summarize the current state of AHT diagnosis, treatment, and prevention as well as areas for future directions of study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7044347PMC
February 2020

A national educational campaign to raise awareness of child physical abuse among health care professionals.

Eur J Pediatr 2020 Mar 9. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, 333 Cedar St, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.

Education is necessary to improve child physical abuse detection and management. A few studies have described national child abuse training programs, but none has measured changes in knowledge among participants. A collaboration of child abuse experts from the USA, an academic pediatric department, and a non-governmental organization in child protection aimed at (a) training hospital physicians in a train-the-trainer course for the detection and management of child physical abuse and (b) conducting workshops and measuring attendance and gain of knowledge of participants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-020-03625-4DOI Listing

Maternal Smoking and Psychosocial Functioning: Impact on Subsequent Breastfeeding Practices.

Breastfeed Med 2020 Apr 5;15(4):246-253. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Psychology, Buffalo State College, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.

Breastfeeding is a protective factor for women and children. Women who smoke cigarettes during pregnancy are less likely to initiate or persist in breastfeeding. However, less is known about why this is the case. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2019.0148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7175616PMC

Identifying children exposed to maltreatment: a systematic review update.

BMC Pediatr 2020 Mar 7;20(1):113. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, MIP 201A, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, Canada.

Background: Child maltreatment affects a significant number of children globally. Strategies have been developed to identify children suspected of having been exposed to maltreatment with the aim of reducing further maltreatment and impairment. This systematic review evaluates the accuracy of strategies for identifying children exposed to maltreatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-2015-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7060650PMC

Assessing physical activity in people with mental illness: 23-country reliability and validity of the simple physical activity questionnaire (SIMPAQ).

BMC Psychiatry 2020 Mar 6;20(1):108. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Psychiatry, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Physical inactivity is a key contributor to the global burden of disease and disproportionately impacts the wellbeing of people experiencing mental illness. Increases in physical activity are associated with improvements in symptoms of mental illness and reduction in cardiometabolic risk. Reliable and valid clinical tools that assess physical activity would improve evaluation of intervention studies that aim to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour in people living with mental illness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-2473-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7060599PMC
March 2020
2.210 Impact Factor

Occult head injuries in infants evaluated for physical abuse.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 May 3;103:104431. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Division of General Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34(th) Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, United States; Center for Pediatric Clinical Effectiveness, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 2716 South Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19146, United States; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 34(th) Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, United States; PolicyLab, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 2716 South Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19146, United States.

Background: Abusive head injuries in infants may be occult but clinically or forensically important. Data conflict regarding yield of neuroimaging in detecting occult head injuries in infants evaluated for physical abuse, with prior studies identifying yields of 4.3-37. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104431DOI Listing

Concurrent prenatal drinking and smoking increases risk for SIDS: Safe Passage Study report.

EClinicalMedicine 2020 Feb 20;19:100247. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

DM-STAT, Inc., One Salem Street, Suite 300, Malden, MA 02148, United States.

Background: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of postneonatal mortality. Although the rate has plateaued, any unexpected death of an infant is a family tragedy thus finding causes and contributors to risk remains a major public health concern. The primary objective of this investigation was to determine patterns of drinking and smoking during pregnancy that increase risk of SIDS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.100247DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7046523PMC
February 2020

Child Abuse and Deformational Plagiocephaly in a West Texas Hospital System.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2020 Jan 20;11(1):106-112. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas, United States.

 The aim of this study was to assess deformational plagiocephaly's (DP) predictive value in neglect and physical abuse (nonaccidental trauma [NAT]) within the pediatric population. In addition, we sought to characterize the prevalence of DP and NAT for our hospital's mostly rural catchment area.  Data on hospitalized patients diagnosed with NAT and/or neglect between 2012 and 2018 were collected via retrospective chart review. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3399619DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7055609PMC
January 2020

Long bone fracture characteristics in children with medical conditions linked to bone health.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 May 2;103:104396. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Ave, Chicago, Il 60611, United States.

Background: Knowledge of fracture characteristics among children with medical conditions affecting bone could help to distinguish medical causes from child abuse.

Objective: Characterize long bone fracture morphology among children diagnosed with medical conditions linked to bone health.

Participants And Setting: Patients <18 years at a single pediatric hospital diagnosed with a medical condition linked to bone health and ≥1 long bone fracture were studied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104396DOI Listing