42,953 results match your criteria Pediatrics[Journal]


Leptomeningeal dissemination: a sinister pattern of medulloblastoma growth.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

3Cancer Research Program, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Center and Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Leptomeningeal dissemination (LMD) is the defining pattern of metastasis for medulloblastoma. Although LMD is responsible for virtually 100% of medulloblastoma deaths, it remains the least well-understood part of medulloblastoma pathogenesis. The fact that medulloblastomas rarely metastasize outside the CNS but rather spread almost exclusively to the spinal and intracranial leptomeninges has fostered the long-held belief that medulloblastoma cells spread directly through the CSF, not the bloodstream. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.PEDS18506DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Unlikely association between Kawasaki disease and intracranial aneurysms: a prospective cohort study.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 15:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Department of Neurosurgery, Division of Clinical Neurosciences.

OBJECTIVEKawasaki disease (KD) is a vasculitis that can cause aneurysm formation in coronary arteries and, more rarely, in peripheral arteries. A possible connection between KD and intracranial aneurysms is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine if KD is associated with intracranial aneurysms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.PEDS18575DOI Listing
February 2019

Pontine tumor in a neonate: case report and analysis of the current literature.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 15:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Goethe University; Departments of.

Tumors of the central nervous system represent the largest group of solid tumors found in pediatric patients. Pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common pediatric glioma, mostly located in the posterior fossa. The majority of brainstem tumors, however, are classified as highly aggressive diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs) and their prognosis is dismal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.PEDS18215DOI Listing
February 2019

Reinfection rates following adherence to Infectious Diseases Society of America guideline recommendations in first cerebrospinal fluid shunt infection treatment.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Departments of1Pediatrics and.

OBJECTIVECSF shunt infection treatment requires both surgical and antibiotic decisions. Using the Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) Registry and 2004 Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines that were not proactively distributed to HCRN providers, the authors previously found high adherence to surgical recommendations but poor adherence to intravenous (IV) antibiotic duration recommendations. In general, IV antibiotic duration was longer than recommended. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.PEDS18373DOI Listing
February 2019

A Telehealth-Enhanced Referral Process in Pediatric Primary Care: A Cluster Randomized Trial.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Center for Health Services and Society, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

: media-1vid110.1542/5984243450001PEDS-VA_2018-2738 OBJECTIVES: To improve the mental health (MH) referral process for children referred from primary care to community mental health clinics (CMHCs) by using a community-partnered approach.

Methods: Our partners were a multisite federally qualified health center and 2 CMHCs in Los Angeles County. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2738DOI Listing
February 2019

Extending the Medical Home to Meet Your Patients' Mental Health Needs: Is Telehealth the Answer?

Authors:
Susan J Kressly

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Kressly Pediatrics, Warrington, Pennsylvania

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-3765DOI Listing
February 2019

Anaphylaxis to Carboxymethylcellulose: Add Food Additives to the List of Elicitors.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan.

A 14-year-old girl developed 4 episodes of anaphylaxis of unknown etiology, which required intramuscular adrenaline administration each time. She had eaten pizza and a cheeseburger immediately before the first 2 episodes, respectively, but had not eaten anything for several hours before the last 2 episodes. It turned out that she had eaten the same ice lolly 4 hours before the first 3 episodes and a Café au lait Swirkle (a half-frozen beverage) 4 hours before the last episode. Read More

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http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/ped
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-1180DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Monoclonal Antibody Treatment of RSV Bronchiolitis in Young Infants: A Randomized Trial.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Monoclonal antibody to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV; palivizumab) is recommend for prophylaxis of high-risk infants during bronchiolitis seasons but not for RSV bronchiolitis treatment. Our aim was to determine if palivizumab would be helpful in young infants with acute RSV bronchiolitis.

Methods: Eligible infants ≤3 months old presenting to the pediatric emergency service with RSV-positive bronchiolitis requiring inpatient admission underwent double-blind random assignment to single-dose intravenous palivizumab (15 mg/kg) or placebo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2308DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
5.473 Impact Factor

Optimizing Drug-Drug Interaction Alerts Using a Multidimensional Approach.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Objectives: Excessive alerts are a common concern associated with clinical decision support systems that monitor drug-drug interactions (DDIs). To reduce the number of low-value interruptive DDI alerts at our hospital, we implemented an iterative, multidimensional quality improvement effort, which included an interdisciplinary advisory group, alert metrics, and measurement of perceived clinical value.

Methods: Alert data analysis indicated that DDIs were the most common interruptive medication alert. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-4111DOI Listing
February 2019

A case report of a teenager with severe hand, foot, and mouth disease with brainstem encephalitis caused by enterovirus 71.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 13;19(1):59. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Intensive Care Unit, Key Medical Laboratory of Pediatrics, Chongqing Health Bureau, Ministry of Education; Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute viral infection occurring mostly in infants and children. Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection mostly occurs in children < 5 years of age. Severe cases, however, are usually encountered in children under the age of 3 years, and exceedingly rare in teenagers > 14 years and adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1428-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Vomiting and Dehydration in a 2-Year-Old.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Divisions of Emergency Medicine and.

A 2-year-old girl with a past medical history of cutaneous mastocytosis and eczema presented with 1 day of yellow-green, nonbloody vomiting, bradycardia, and listlessness. She was evaluated by her pediatrician and sent to the emergency department because of concern for dehydration. In the emergency department, she improved with fluid rehydration but still had decreased energy and bradycardia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-0504DOI Listing
February 2019

A Parenting and Life Skills Intervention for Teen Mothers: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; and.

: media-1vid110.1542/5985300176001PEDS-VA_2018-2303 BACKGROUND: Teen mothers often present with depression, social complexity, and inadequate parenting skills. Many have rapid repeat pregnancy, which increases risk for poor outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2303DOI Listing
February 2019

First experience with Tolvaptan for the treatment of neonates and infants with capillary leak syndrome after cardiac surgery.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 12;19(1):57. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Loschgestrasse 15, 91054, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Postoperative fluid management in critically ill neonates and infants with capillary leak syndrome (CLS) and extensive volume overload after cardiac surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass is challenging. CLS is often resistant to conventional diuretic therapy, aggravating the course of weaning from invasive ventilation, increasing length of stay on ICU and morbidity and mortality.

Methods: Tolvaptan (TLV, vasopressin type 2 receptor antagonist) was used as an additive diuretic in neonates and infants with CLS after cardiac surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1418-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Macronutrient content of pooled donor human milk before and after Holder pasteurization.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 12;19(1):58. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

NICU Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Background: Donor human milk (DHM) is the best alternative for preterm infants when their own mother's milk is unavailable. DHM should be pasteurized to guarantee microbiological safety; however, this process can influence the macronutrient content. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Holder pasteurization (HoP) on DHM macronutrient content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1427-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Taking Sleep Difficulties Seriously in Children With Neurodevelopmental Disorders and ASD.

Authors:
Catherine Lord

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2629DOI Listing
February 2019

Sleep Problems in 2- to 5-Year-Olds With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Other Developmental Delays.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

: media-1vid110.1542/5984243260001PEDS-VA_2018-0492 BACKGROUND: Sleep problems can impact daytime behavior, quality of life, and overall health. We compared sleep habits in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental delays and disorders and in children from the general population (POP). Read More

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http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/ped
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-0492DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

LGBTQ Youth in Unstable Housing and Foster Care.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.

: media-1vid110.1542/5984244876001PEDS-VA_2017-4211 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth are suggested to be overrepresented in unstable housing and foster care. In the current study, we assess whether LGBTQ youth are overrepresented in unstable housing and foster care and examine disparities in school functioning, substance use, and mental health for LGBTQ youth versus heterosexual youth in unstable housing and foster care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-4211DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence and burden of illness of treated hemolytic neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in a privately insured population in the United States.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 11;19(1):53. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

HealthCore, Inc., An Independent Subsidiary of Anthem, Inc, Wilmington, DE, 19801, USA.

Background: Prevalence of hemolytic neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (NHB) is not well characterized, and economic burden at the population level is poorly understood. This study evaluated the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and economic burden of hemolytic NHB newborns receiving treatment in U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1414-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cross-sectional associations of objectively assessed sleep duration with physical activity, BMI and television viewing in German primary school children.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 11;19(1):54. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Division of Sports and Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine II, Ulm University Medical Centre, Leimgrubenweg 14, D-89075, Ulm, Germany.

Background: The global incidence of overweight and obesity has increased dramatically among children and adolescents over the past decades. Insufficient sleep duration and physical inactivity are known risk factors for overweight and obesity in children. To engage children in a healthier lifestyle knowledge about associations of sleep duration and behavioural aspects in children are vital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1429-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Endocrine and metabolic complications in children and adolescents with Sickle Cell Disease: an Italian cohort study.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 11;19(1):56. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Post Graduate School of Pediatrics, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences for Mothers, Children and Adults, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via del Pozzo 71, 41124, Modena, Italy.

Background: Children with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) show endocrine complications and metabolic alterations. The physiopathology of these conditions is not completely understood: iron overload due to chronic transfusions, ischemic damage, and inflammatory state related to vaso-occlusive crises may be involved. Aims of this study were to evaluate the growth pattern, endocrine complications, and metabolic alterations and to detect the relationship between these conditions and the SCD severity in affected children and adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1423-9DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A 10-year-old boy with dyspnea and hypoxia: abernathy malformation masquerading as pulmonary arteriovenous fistula.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 11;19(1):55. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No. 355 Luding Road, Shanghai, 200062, China.

Background: Abernethy malformation is an extremely rare congenital malformation characterised by an extrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Children with Abernathy malformation can develop hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) with pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (PAVF) or pulmonary hypertension. PAVF manifests as central cyanosis with effort intolerance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1422-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Letter to the Editor. Bypass and revascularization in young moyamoya patients.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 8:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.12.PEDS18718DOI Listing
February 2019

Letter to the Editor. A new technique for stroke-induced refractory epilepsy.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 8:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.PEDS18655DOI Listing
February 2019
1.370 Impact Factor

Arterial spin-labeling cerebral perfusion changes after revascularization surgery in pediatric moyamoya disease and syndrome.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 8:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

4Division of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

OBJECTIVEMoyamoya disease is a dynamic cerebrovascular condition that often requires vascular surveillance. Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is an MR perfusion method that is increasingly used for stroke and other various neurovascular pathologies. Unlike perfusion-weighted MRI, ASL uses endogenous water molecules for signal and therefore obviates gadolinium use; and provides direct, not relative, quantitative cerebral blood flow (CBF) measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.PEDS18498DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Neurosurgical treatment of pediatric pleomorphic xanthoastrocytomas: long-term follow-up of a single-institution, consecutive series of 12 patients.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 8:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

5Radiology, Oslo University Hospital; and.

OBJECTIVEThe authors conducted a study to delineate the long-term results of the surgical treatment of pediatric pleomorphic xanthoastrocytomas (PXAs).METHODSAll consecutive children and adolescents (0-20 years) who underwent primary tumor resection for a PXA during the years 1972-2015 were included in this retrospective study on surgical morbidity, mortality rate, academic achievement, and/or work participation. Gross motor function and activities of daily living were scored according to the Barthel Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.PEDS18449DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Use of magnetic resonance imaging in severe pediatric traumatic brain injury: assessment of current practice.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

8Pediatrics, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC.

OBJECTIVEThere is no consensus on the optimal timing and specific brain MRI sequences in the evaluation and management of severe pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), and information on current practices is lacking. The authors performed a survey of MRI practices among sites participating in a multicenter study of severe pediatric TBI to provide information for designing future clinical trials using MRI to assess brain injury after severe pediatric TBI.METHODSInformation on current imaging practices and resources was collected from 27 institutions participating in the Approaches and Decisions after Pediatric TBI Trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.PEDS18374DOI Listing
February 2019

The Unsettling Effect of Unsettled Affect in Infants.

Authors:
Henning Tiemeier

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Social and Behavioral Science, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-3922DOI Listing
February 2019

Infant Regulation and Child Mental Health Concerns: A Longitudinal Study.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

: media-1vid110.1542/5984232215001PEDS-VA_2018-0977 OBJECTIVES: To examine profiles of infant regulatory behaviors and associated family characteristics in a community sample of 12-month-old infants and mental health difficulties at 5 and 11 years of age.

Methods: Items relating to demographic characteristics, maternal distress, and infant regulation were completed by 1759 mothers when their infants were 8 to 12 months old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-0977DOI Listing
February 2019

Infant mortality in Brazil attributable to inborn errors of metabolism associated with sudden death: a time-series study (2002-2014).

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 8;19(1):52. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Graduate Program in Genetics and Molecular Biology, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: The literature suggests that 0.9 to 6% of infants who die unexpectedly may have had a metabolic disorder. At least 43 different inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) have been associated with sudden death (SUDI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1421-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367785PMC
February 2019

Congenital Methemoglobinemia Identified by Pulse Oximetry Screening.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Departments of Neonatology and.

Congenital methemoglobinemia is a rare condition caused by cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency, cytochrome b5 deficiency, or hemoglobin M disease. Newborn pulse oximetry screening was developed for the early detection of critical congenital heart disease; however, it also enables the early identification of other hypoxemic conditions. We present the case of a term neonate who was admitted to the neonatal unit after a failed pulse oximetry screening at 3 hours of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2814DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Food and Beverage Intake From 12 to 23 Months by WIC Status.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Food and Nutrition Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Alexandria, Virginia; and.

: media-1vid110.1542/5984243449001PEDS-VA_2018-2274 BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) revised its food packages to align with updated nutrition science. Understanding how these revisions may impact current consumption patterns could be important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2274DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Safety and immunogenicity of a varicella vaccine without human serum albumin (HSA) versus a HSA-containing formulation administered in the second year of life: a phase III, double-blind, randomized study.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 7;19(1):50. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

GSK, Avenue Fleming 20, B-1300, Wavre, Belgium.

Background: A new formulation of the live-attenuated varicella vaccine Varilrix (GSK) produced without human serum albumin (HSA) was developed to minimize a theoretical risk of transmission of infectious diseases. A previous study showed that the vaccine was immunologically non-inferior to the HSA-containing vaccine and well-tolerated in toddlers; low-grade fever was numerically higher in children receiving the vaccine without HSA, but the study lacked power to conclude on this difference.

Methods: In this phase III, double-blind, multi-center study, healthy 12-23-month-olds were randomized (1:1) to receive two doses of the varicella vaccine without (Var-HSA group) or with HSA (Var + HSA group) at days 0 and 42. Read More

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https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1425-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366055PMC
February 2019
13 Reads

A systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of Loop-mediated-isothermal AMPlification (LAMP) in the diagnosis of invasive meningococcal disease in children.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 7;19(1):49. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Centre for Experimental Medicine, Queen's University Belfast, Wellcome Wolfson Institute of Experimental Medicine, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7AE, UK.

Background: The early recognition of meningococcal disease in children is vital. During the prodrome however, meningococcal infection presents similarly to many self-limiting viral infections. This mandates a cautious approach with many children receiving unnecessary broad-spectrum parenteral antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1403-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366060PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Structured on-the-job training to improve retention of newborn resuscitation skills: a national cohort Helping Babies Breathe study in Tanzania.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 7;19(1):51. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Global Health, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, 125 Nashua Street, 8th Floor, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Background: Newborn resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Improving provider newborn resuscitation skills is critical for delivering quality care, but the retention of these skills has been a challenge. Tanzania implemented a national newborn resuscitation using the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) training program to help address this problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1419-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366017PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Reducing Invasive Care for Low-risk Febrile Infants Through Implementation of a Clinical Pathway.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, Connecticut.

Background And Objectives: Significant variation in management of febrile infants exists both nationally and within our institution. Risk stratification can be used to identify low-risk infants who can be managed as outpatients without lumbar puncture (LP) or antibiotics. Our objective was to reduce invasive interventions for febrile infants aged 29 to 60 days at low risk for serious bacterial infection (SBI) through implementation of a clinical pathway supported by quality improvement (QI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-1610DOI Listing
February 2019

Book Sharing: In-home Strategy to Advance Early Child Development Globally.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2033DOI Listing
February 2019

Nonsynostotic plagiocephaly: a child health care intervention in Skaraborg, Sweden.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 6;19(1):48. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

The Skaraborg Institute for Research and Development, Stationsgatan 12, 541 30, Skövde, Sweden.

Background: The aim was to evaluate the intervention's effect on prevention and reversal of nonsynostotic plagiocephaly.

Methods: Thirty-eight intervention group nurses were educated about nonsynostotic plagiocephaly and asked to follow guidelines; 18 control group nurses were not. In a longitudinal single-blinded clinical intervention, parents brought infants to well-child visits according to the national schedule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1405-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364473PMC
February 2019
1 Read

High level of treatment failure and drug resistance to first-line antiretroviral therapies among HIV-infected children receiving decentralized care in Senegal.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 5;19(1):47. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Bacteriology-Virology Laboratory, A. Le Dantec CHU, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal.

Background: In Senegal in 2015, an estimated 4800 children were living with HIV, with 1200 receiving ARV treatment, of whom half had follow-up care in decentralized sites outside Dakar. However, until now no studies have determined the efficacy of pediatric treatment in decentralized settings, even though the emergence of viral resistance, particularly among children in Africa, is a well-known phenomenon. This study aimed to assess the virological status of HIV-infected children in all decentralized facilities to help improve access to quality care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1420-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362577PMC
February 2019

Infant Feeding Practices In a Diverse Group of Women: The Healthy Start Study.

Clin Med Insights Pediatr 2019 20;13:1179556518824362. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus.

Background: To describe infant feeding practices among a diverse group of mother-offspring pairs and identify factors associated with adherence to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations.

Methods: Data were analyzed from 835 mother-offspring dyads in The Healthy Start Study, an ongoing longitudinal prebirth cohort in Denver, Colorado. Maternal report of infant feeding practices was obtained at 4 to 6 months and 18 to 24 months postnatally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179556518824362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348534PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Power of the Positive: Childhood Assets and Future Cardiometabolic Health.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Medicine, Center for Vulnerable Populations, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-4004DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors Associated With Unrestrained Young Passengers in Motor Vehicle Crashes.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Emergency Medicine and Injury Prevention Center, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University and Hasbro Children's Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island.

: media-1vid110.1542/5984244682001PEDS-VA_2018-2507 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Unrestrained child passengers are at significant risk of crash-related injury. Previous researchers using nationally representative crash data from 1992 to 1993 found an association between driver and passenger safety-belt use. Read More

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http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/ped
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2507DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Childhood Assets and Cardiometabolic Health in Adolescence.

Pediatrics 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Departments of Social and Behavioral Sciences and.

Background: Research shows that the development of cardiometabolic disease can begin early in life with risk factors accumulating over time, but less is known about protective pathways to positive health. In this study, we use prospective data to test whether childhood assets predict a greater likelihood of being in optimal cardiometabolic health by age 17.

Methods: Data are from 3074 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (mean age = 17. Read More

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http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/ped
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Parents' self-directed practices towards the use of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Feb 4;19(1):46. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

Background: Excessive and inappropriate antimicrobial use in the community is one risk factor that can result in the spread of antimicrobial resistance. Upper respiratory tract infections are most frequently reported among children and mainly of viral origin and do not require antibiotics. We have conducted Knowledge, Attitude and Perception (KAP) survey of parents to explore the parent's knowledge, attitude & perception of Saudi parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1391-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360761PMC
February 2019
3 Reads
1.918 Impact Factor

Moyamoya syndrome and PHACE syndrome: clinical and radiographic characterization of the intracranial arteriopathy and response to surgical revascularization.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 1:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Departments of1Neurosurgery and.

OBJECTIVEPHACE syndrome (PHACES) has been linked to cervical and cerebral vascular anomalies, including persistent embryonic anastomoses and progressive steno-occlusive disease. However, no prior studies have documented the long-term response of PHACES patients with moyamoya disease to surgical revascularization with pial or myosynangiosis. The authors present their experience with 8 consecutive patients with PHACES and moyamoya disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.PEDS18582DOI Listing
February 2019
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Minicraniotomy with a subgaleal pocket for the treatment of subdural fluid collections in infants.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 1:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

1Department of Neurosurgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences; and.

OBJECTIVEVarious surgical techniques have been described to treat subdural fluid collections in infants, including transfontanelle aspiration, burr holes, subdural drain, subduroperitoneal shunt, and minicraniotomy. The purpose of this study was to describe a modification of the minicraniotomy technique that avoids the implantation of external drainage catheters and potentially carries a higher success rate.METHODSIn this retrospective study, the authors describe 11 cases involving pediatric patients who underwent parietal minicraniotomies for the evacuation of subdural fluid collections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.PEDS18322DOI Listing
February 2019
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Concordance between the interictal focal EEG pattern and MRI lesions as a predictor of a favorable surgical outcome in patients with epileptic spasms: a Chinese study.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 1:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Departments of1Functional Neurosurgery and.

OBJECTIVEThe aim of this study was to evaluate the electro-clinical features, etiology, treatment, and postsurgical seizure outcomes in patients with intractable epileptic spasms (ESs).METHODSThe authors retrospectively studied the medical records of all patients who had presented with medically intractable ESs and had undergone surgery in the period between October 2009 and August 2015. The interictal electroencephalography (EEG) pattern, MRI studies, magnetoencephalography findings, and postsurgical seizure outcomes were compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.PEDS18380DOI Listing
February 2019
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Prospective multicenter studies in pediatric hydrocephalus.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb;23(2):135-141

2Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Prospective multicenter clinical research studies in pediatric hydrocephalus are relatively rare. They cover a broad spectrum of hydrocephalus topics, including management of intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants, shunt techniques and equipment, shunt outcomes, endoscopic treatment of hydrocephalus, and prevention and treatment of infection. The research methodologies include randomized trials, cohort studies, and registry-based studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.PEDS18328DOI Listing
February 2019

Visual Diagnosis: A 19-month-old Girl with a Lumbosacral Mass.

Pediatr Rev 2019 Feb;40(2):e7-e10

Department of Neurosurgery, Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, Kansas City, MO.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.2017-0078DOI Listing
February 2019

Editors' Note.

Authors:

Pediatr Rev 2019 02;40(2):95

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.40295DOI Listing
February 2019

Seborrhea.

Pediatr Rev 2019 Feb;40(2):93-95

Children's National Health System, Washington, DC.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.2017-0215DOI Listing
February 2019