42,688 results match your criteria Pediatrics[Journal]


Fetal Opioid Exposure and Smaller Birth Head Circumference: Cause for Concern?

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine - Jacksonville, University of Florida, Jacksonville, Florida.

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December 2018

Waiting Room Videos for Increasing HPV Vaccination: Promise and Pitfalls.

Authors:
Amanda F Dempsey

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado

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December 2018

Neonatal Head Circumference in Newborns With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Objectives: To compare head circumference (HC) in neonates treated for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) with control neonates without antenatal opioid exposure.

Methods: Our prospective cohort study ran from April 1, 2014, through December 31, 2016. Newborns treated for NAS delivered from well-dated pregnancies ≥34 weeks' gestation were compared with newborns who were nonopioid exposed and matched for race, parity, mode of delivery, and gestational age. Read More

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December 2018

An Educational Intervention to Improve HPV Vaccination: A Cluster Randomized Trial.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Regenstrief Institute Center for Biomedical Informatics, Indianapolis, Indiana.

: media-1vid110.1542/5849572217001PEDS-VA_2018-1457 BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection can lead to serious health issues and remains the most common sexually transmitted infection. Despite availability of effective vaccines, HPV vaccination rates are suboptimal. Read More

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December 2018

Outcome Dimensions in Pediatric Palliative Care.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Medical Ethics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and.

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December 2018

Instruments to Measure Outcomes in Pediatric Palliative Care: A Systematic Review.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute of Health and Society, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

Context: Pediatric palliative care (PPC) is intended to promote children's quality of life by using a family-centered approach. However, the measurement of this multidimensional outcome remains challenging.

Objective: To review the instruments used to assess the impact of PPC interventions. Read More

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December 2018

A content analysis of Australian television advertising: focus on child and adolescent oral health.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 7;18(1):384. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown Campus, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

Background: Children's preferences for cariogenic foods and/or drinks has been proven to be associated with exposure to advertisements. This study aimed to assess and compare the proportion of cariogenic food and /or drink advertisements aired on three metropolitan Sydney commercial television channels at different broadcast times during school term and school holidays.

Methods: Three Sydney free-to-air television channels (Channels Seven, Nine, and Ten) were recorded between June 2016 and January 2017. Read More

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December 2018

Use of Social Psychology to Improve Adherence to National Bronchiolitis Guidelines.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives: The American Academy of Pediatrics' bronchiolitis guidelines recommend against albuterol and corticosteroids for treating and chest radiographs (CRs) for diagnosing infants with bronchiolitis. However, high rates of nonadherence have been documented. Our objective was to improve guideline adherence in infants with bronchiolitis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Early Caffeine Administration and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Preterm Infants.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Maternal-Infant Care Research Center, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Although caffeine use for apnea of prematurity is well studied, the long-term safety and benefit of routine early caffeine administration has not been explored. Our objective was to determine the association between early (within 2 days of birth) versus late caffeine exposure and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants.

Methods: Infants of <29 weeks' gestation born between April 2009 and September 2011 and admitted to Canadian Neonatal Network units and then assessed at Canadian Neonatal Follow-up Network centers were studied. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Seroprevalence of diphtheria and pertussis immunoglobulin G among children with pneumonia in Ji'nan, China.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 5;18(1):383. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Pediatric Respiratory Infection Diseases, Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Ministry of Education, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, National Key Discipline of Pediatrics (Capital Medical University), Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, 100045, China.

Background: Vaccination is still one of the most important methods to control and prevent childhood infections including diphtheria and pertussis. This study evaluated the level of diphtheria (DT) and pertussis (PT)-related antibodies among children with pneumonia in Ji'nan, China.

Methods: A total of 484 sera of children from 1 day to 13 years of age were collected from 2014 to 2015 in Ji'nan. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

A Synopsis of the Synopses, 2017-2018.

Authors:
Julie Wang

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(Suppl 4):S207-S208

Editor, Best Articles Relevant to Pediatric Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology.

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December 2018

About This Synopsis Book.

Authors:

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(Suppl 4):S206

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December 2018

Section on Allergy and Immunology.

Authors:

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(Suppl 4):S205

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December 2018

Title Page.

Authors:

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(Suppl 4):142S4

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December 2018

Human Metapneumovirus Infection.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Dec;39(12):623-624

Children's Medical Center, NYU Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, NY.

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December 2018

Case 4: 18-year-old Young Man with Chest Pressure, Shortness of Breath, Fatigue, and Hyponatremia.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Dec;39(12):620-622

Nashaway Pediatrics UMass Memorial Medical Group, Sterling, MA.

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December 2018

Case 3: Priapism in a 13-year-old Boy.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Dec;39(12):617-619

Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics.

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December 2018

Case 2: Fatigue and Shortness of Breath in an 18-year-old Girl.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Dec;39(12):614-616

Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

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December 2018

Case 1: Breast Development in a 2-year-old Girl.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Dec;39(12):612-613

Department of Pediatrics, Endocrinology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.

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December 2018

Aplastic and Hypoplastic Anemias.

Authors:
Suzie A Noronha

Pediatr Rev 2018 Dec;39(12):601-611

Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

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December 2018

The Adolescent with Menorrhagia: Diagnostic Approach to a Suspected Bleeding Disorder.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Dec;39(12):588-600

Department of Pediatrics, Holtz Children's Hospital-Jackson Memorial Medical Center, Miami, FL.

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December 2018

Hematuria and Proteinuria in Children.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Dec;39(12):573-587

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.

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December 2018

Breastfeeding performance in Afar regional state, northeastern Ethiopia: a cross sectional study.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Nov 30;18(1):375. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Amhara, Ethiopia.

Background: In Ethiopia fewer than 20% of infants aged less than six months are appropriately fed. This study aimed to identify predictors of poor breastfeeding performance among mother-infant pairs in Samara-Logia city administration, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia.

Methods: Five hundred and seventy six mothers of infants aged less than six months were recruited to participate in face-to-face structured interviews at their home. Read More

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November 2018

Tobacco use among Latinx adolescents: exploring the immigrant paradox.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Nov 30;18(1):379. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: Research suggests that an immigrant paradox exists where those who were not born in the United States (1 generation) have significantly better health than those who were born in the U.S. (2 generation or more). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Relationship between asymptomatic rotavirus infection and jaundice in neonates: a retrospective study.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Nov 30;18(1):376. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Pediatrics, Chonbuk National University Medical School, 20, Geonjiro Deokjin-gu, Jeonju-si, Jeollabuk-do, 54907, South Korea.

Background: Rotavirus (RV) infection in neonates can be mild or even asymptomatic. In RV infection, jaundice is often reported, but the relationship between jaundice and RV infection has not been studied. This study aimed to determine the importance of asymptomatic RV screening in neonates with jaundice. Read More

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November 2018

Newborn colonization and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Streptococcus agalactiae at the University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Nov 30;18(1):378. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P. O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) that asymptomatically colonizing the recto-vaginal area of women is the most important cause of neonatal colonization. There is paucity of evidence about newborn colonization with GBS in Ethiopia. Thus, this study was aimed to determine the prevalence of newborn colonization with GBS, antibiotic susceptibility patterns of the isolates and associated risk factors at the University of Gondar Referral Hospital in Northwest Ethiopia METHODS: A prospective cross sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to November 2017. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with prone position ventilation successfully rescues infantile pertussis: a case report and literature review.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Nov 30;18(1):377. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No.355 Luding Road, Putuo District, Shanghai, 200062, China.

Background: Bordetella pertussis can cause fatal illness with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and pulmonary hypertension (PHT).

Case Presentation: A 6-month-old non-vaccinated boy with B. pertussis infection who developed ARDS was treated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Children in the Opioid Epidemic: Addressing the Next Generation's Public Health Crisis.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

School of Social Welfare, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.

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December 2018

Positive Predictive Value of Administrative Data for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Departments of Pediatrics and

Objectives: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a postnatal withdrawal syndrome experienced by some infants with opioid exposure. Hospital administrative data are commonly used for research and surveillance but have not been validated for NAS. Our objectives for this study were to validate the diagnostic codes for NAS and to develop an algorithm to optimize identification. Read More

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December 2018

YKL-40 levels are associated with disease severity and prognosis of viral pneumonia, but not available in bacterial pneumonia in children.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 4;18(1):381. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No. 1 East Jianshe Road, Zhengzhou, 450052, Henan, China.

Background: Viral pneumonia is the main type of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. YKL-40, a chitinase-like protein, is regarded as a biomarker of the degree of inflammation.

Methods: Children who were diagnosed with CAP, including viral pneumonia, bacterial pneumonia, and dual infection, were included in the cohort study. Read More

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December 2018

Mediastinal teratoma presenting with hemoptysis and pleuritis misdiagnosed as tuberculosis (empyema).

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 4;18(1):382. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital, National Center for Children's Health, Capital Medical University, Nanlishi Road 56, Xicheng District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Mediastinal teratoma is uncommon in children. It can be very difficult to diagnose especially in early stage. Rarely, teratoma may rupture into adjacent structures and lead to lung lesions or pleuritis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Getting Over Our Inpatient Oral Antibiotic Aversion.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(6)

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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December 2018
4 Reads

MOCA-Peds: Development of a New Assessment of Medical Knowledge for Continuing Certification.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(6)

The American Board of Pediatrics, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

The American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) certifies that general and subspecialty pediatricians meet standards of excellence established by their peers. Certification helps demonstrate that a general pediatrician or pediatric subspecialist has successfully completed accredited training and fulfills continuous certification requirements (Maintenance of Certification [MOC]). One current component of the MOC program is a closed-book examination administered at a secure testing center (ie, the MOC Part 3 examination). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Selecting Appropriate Toys for Young Children in the Digital Era.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Play is essential to optimal child development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth. It also offers an ideal and significant opportunity for parents and other caregivers to engage fully with children using toys as an instrument of play and interaction. The evolution of societal perceptions of toys from children's playthings to critical facilitators of early brain and child development has challenged caregivers in deciding which toys are most appropriate for their children. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

The Moral Imperative of Home Health Care for Children: Beyond the Financial Case.

Authors:
Garey Noritz

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Nationwide Children's Hospital and The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio

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December 2018

Home Health Care Availability and Discharge Delays in Children With Medical Complexity.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Children's Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

: media-1vid110.1542/5849572914001PEDS-VA_2018-1951 BACKGROUND: An increasing proportion of pediatric hospital days are attributed to technology-dependent children. The impact that a pediatric home care nursing (HCN) shortage has on increasing length of hospital stay and readmissions in this population is not well documented. Read More

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December 2018
10 Reads

Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior From 6 to 11 Years.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, Germany;

: media-1vid110.1542/5849572910001PEDS-VA_2018-0994 OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) is presumed to decline during childhood and adolescence, but only few long-term studies about PA development during this period of life exist. We assessed PA and sedentary behavior (SB) over a 5-year period to gain a better understanding of the extent of change in activity and potential influencing factors. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

C-Reactive Protein (CRP) levels in neonatal meningitis in England: an analysis of national variations in CRP cut-offs for lumbar puncture.

BMC Pediatr 2018 Dec 3;18(1):380. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Paediatrics, Kingston Hospital, Kingston, London, KT2 7QB, UK.

Background: Recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) CG149 guidelines suggest considering performing a lumbar puncture (LP) to investigate for meningitis in early-onset sepsis in a neonate when a C-reactive protein (CRP) level >10mg/L, but the evidence for this recommendation is poorly defined.

Methods: Data on trust-wide LP protocols, neonatal meningitis incidence, lumbar punctures, and CRP levels seen in cases of neonatal meningitis were asked of all 137 trusts in England that recorded a birth in 2017. Our local Kingston Hospital data on every LP performed was obtained to estimate the specificity of CRP rises. Read More

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December 2018

Access to the Medical Home Among Children With and Without Special Health Care Needs.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(6)

Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Rockville, Maryland.

: media-1vid110.1542/5840358562001PEDS-VA_2018-1795 OBJECTIVES: The medical home is central to providing quality health care for children. Access to the medical home has historically been tracked by using the National Survey of Children With Special Health Care Needs and the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH). Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Social Complexity as a Special Health Care Need in the Medical Home Model.

Pediatrics 2018 Dec;142(6)

Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, Washington; and.

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December 2018

Endoscope-assisted hemispherotomy: translation of technique from cadaveric anatomical feasibility study to clinical implementation.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEAppropriately chosen candidates with medically refractory epilepsy may benefit from hemispheric disconnection. Traditionally, this involves a large surgical exposure with significant associated morbidity. Minimally invasive approaches using endoscopic assistance have been described by only a few centers. Read More

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October 2018

The 50 most cited publications in endoscopic third ventriculostomy: a bibliometric analysis.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEAlthough endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for the treatment of hydrocephalus was introduced in 1923, the method was relegated to the sidelines in favor of extracranial techniques. Since the 1990s to the beginning of the current century, however, ETV has undergone a remarkable resurgence to become the first-line treatment for obstructive hydrocephalus, and for some groups, the procedure has been applied for communicating hydrocephalus as well. In the present study, the authors identified the top 50 cited ETV works. Read More

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October 2018

Ruptured intracranial aneurysm in a patient with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Aneurysmal rupture can result in devastating neurological consequences and can be complicated by comorbid disease processes. Patients with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) have a low rate of reported aneurysms, but this may be due to the relative high rate of end-stage illnesses early in childhood. Authors here report the case of a 10-year-old boy with ARPKD who presented with a Hunt and Hess grade V subarachnoid hemorrhage requiring emergency ventriculostomy, embolization, and decompressive craniectomy. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Clinical evaluation and surveillance imaging of children with myelomeningocele and shunted hydrocephalus: a follow-up study.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEThe majority of children with myelomeningocele undergo implantation of CSF shunts. The efficacy of adding surveillance imaging to clinical evaluation during routine follow-up as a means to minimize the hazard associated with future shunt failure has not been thoroughly studied.METHODSA total of 300 spina bifida clinic visits during the calendar years between 2012 and 2016 were selected for this study (defined as the index clinic visit). Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Deep brain stimulation for Gilles de la Tourette syndrome in children and youth: a meta-analysis with individual participant data.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEGilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics. Although by definition the onset of GTS is before age 18 years, clinical trials of deep brain stimulation (DBS) have been conducted only in adults. Using individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis methodology, the current study investigated the safety and efficacy of DBS as a treatment for GTS in children and youth. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

The cost of hydrocephalus: a cost-effectiveness model for evaluating surgical techniques.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-10. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEMany studies have aimed to determine the most clinically effective surgical intervention for hydrocephalus. However, the costs associated with each treatment option are poorly understood. In this study, the authors conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis, calculating the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS), endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), and ETV with choroid plexus cauterization (ETV/CPC) in an effort to better understand the clinical effectiveness and costs associated with treating hydrocephalus. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

The long-term outcomes of endoscopic third ventriculostomy in pediatric hydrocephalus, with an emphasis on future intellectual development and shunt dependency.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

OBJECTIVEThe goal of this study was to clarify the long-term outcome of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in pediatric hydrocephalus in light of the ETV Success Score (ETVSS), shunt dependency, and intellectual development.METHODSThe authors retrospectively analyzed pediatric patients with hydrocephalus who underwent ETV between 2002 and 2012 and who were followed for longer than 5 years as a single-center cohort. The data of the patients' pre- and postoperative status were collected. Read More

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October 2018

A familial syndrome of hypothalamic hamartomas, polydactyly, and SMO mutations: a clinical report of 2 cases.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 1:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Hypothalamic hamartomas are benign tumors known to cause gelastic or dacrystic seizures, precocious puberty, developmental delay, and medically refractory epilepsy. These tumors are most often sporadic but rarely can be associated with Pallister-Hall syndrome, an autosomal dominant familial syndrome caused by truncation of glioblastoma transcription factor 3, a downstream effector in the sonic hedgehog pathway. In this clinical report, the authors describe two brothers with a different familial syndrome. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read