4,971 results match your criteria Pediatric Surgery International [Journal]


Pediatric vesicolithotomy from ancient India to Greece, Arabia and the western world.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

SRM Medical College, Chennai, India.

Surgeons removed bladder stones by perineal lithotomy in ancient times. The first surgeon who dared to invade a body cavity knew human anatomy and was skilled in the use of surgical instruments. The operation probably originated in India since the Sushruta Samhita, a surgical text, antedates Hippocrates by several hundred years. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00383-019-04477-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04477-2DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Is renal scintigraphy really a necessity in the routine diagnosis of congenital solitary kidney?

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Paediatric Nephrology, University Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Bohoriceva 20, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Background: For a definitive diagnosis of congenital solitary kidney, renal scintigraphy is suggested as being the gold standard of ruling out ectopic functioning renal tissue, possibly missed by ultrasound. The aim of our study was to test ultrasonography precision in comparison with renal scintigraphy on a larger cohort of congenital solitary kidneys.

Methods: We performed a retrospective unicenter study of children with congenital solitary kidney with no contralateral tissue, who were treated in the period from 1980 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04478-1DOI Listing

Plasma citrulline is not a biomarker for intestinal adaptation in short bowel syndrome, studied in piglets: a model for human neonates.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Edmonton Health Academy, University of Alberta, 11405-87 Ave, Edmonton, AB, T6G 1C9, Canada.

Background: There are no in vivo methods to measure adaptation in neonatal short bowel syndrome (SBS). We evaluated citrulline (Cit) levels in neonatal piglet surgical models of SBS.

Methods: Piglets underwent 75% mid-intestinal resection with jejunoileal anastomosis (JI), 75% distal resection of ileum with jejunocolic anastomosis (JC) or sham surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04475-4DOI Listing

Results of rectoanal manometry after a novel laparoscopic technique: laparoscope-assisted heart-shaped anastomosis for Hirschsprung's disease.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Ave, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Purpose: The present research utilizes a mid-term follow-up study to assess the results of anorectal manometry after laparoscope-assisted heart-shaped anastomosis (LHSA) for Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR), and compares it to a more generally applied approach, the laparoscope-assisted Soave procedure (LSP).

Methods: Retrospectively, patients from January 2015 to June 2017 who received LHSA or LSP were included in this study. After surgery, anorectal manometry was performed by the outpatient department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04474-5DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Elective laparoscopic gastrostomy in children: potential for an enhanced recovery protocol.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Children's Mercy Kansas City, 2401 Gillham Rd, Kansas City, MO, 64108, USA.

Purpose: Gastrostomy tube placement is one of the most commonly performed pediatric surgical procedures and discharge is possible as early as the first postoperative day with early initiation of feeds postoperatively. We examined a national database to determine hospital length of stay (LOS) after elective laparoscopic gastrostomy in children.

Methods: We queried the 2012-2013 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric (NSQIP-P) database, including all patients who underwent elective laparoscopic gastrostomy tube placement for failure to thrive or feeding difficulties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04472-7DOI Listing
March 2019
1.061 Impact Factor

Trends in pediatric-adjusted shock index predict morbidity in children with moderate blunt injuries.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, 705 Riley Hospital Dr #2500, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.

Purpose: Trending the pediatric-adjusted shock index (SIPA) after admission has been described for children suffering severe blunt injuries (i.e., injury severity score (ISS) ≥ 15). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04469-2DOI Listing

Arctigenin induces apoptosis in human hepatoblastoma cells.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Pediatric Surgery Department, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan.

Purpose: Arctigenin has been shown to have anti-tumor effects in various types of cancers. This study was conducted to verify these effects in the human-derived hepatoblastoma cell line, HUH-6 clone 5 (hereinafter, HUH-6).

Methods: Arctigenin was added to cultured HUH-6 cells, and cellular activity was evaluated by MTS assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04473-6DOI Listing

Clinical characteristics and surgical outcome in children with intussusceptions secondary to pathologic lead points: retrospective study in a single institution.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Background: Intussusception secondary to pathologic lead points (PLPs) is a potential surgical emergency and almost all cases need surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical manifestations, physical examinations and surgical outcomes of secondary intussusception (SI) caused by PLPs, as well as to improve the diagnosis and treatment of PLPs in children and infants.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 83 children and infants who were diagnosed with intussusception secondary to PLPs in our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04471-8DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Autologous intestinal reconstruction: a single institution study of the serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) and the longitudinal intestinal lengthening and tailoring (LILT).

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of General and Thoracic Surgery, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC, USA.

Purpose: To review the effectiveness of the longitudinal intestinal lengthening and tailoring (LILT) and serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) operations in a cohort of patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS).

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of children with SBS treated at our institution from 2004 until 2014. Children aged 0 days to 18 years with SBS who underwent autologous intestinal reconstruction were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04468-3DOI Listing

Close relationship between the short round ligament and the ovarian prolapsed inguinal hernia in female infants.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 12;35(5):625-629. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki, Okayama, 701-0192, Japan.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between the length of the round ligament and the presence of a patent processus vaginalis (PV) based on the hypothesis that a short round ligament is the cause of ovarian inguinal hernia in female infants.

Methods: Between April 2011 and March 2017, 132 girls underwent laparoscopic surgery for inguinal hernia. Before surgery, the presence of ovarian prolapse was diagnosed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04465-6DOI Listing

Use of serum citrulline concentrations from routine newborn screen as a biomarker for necrotizing enterocolitis.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Maimonides Medical Center, Maimonides Infant and Children's Hospital, 4802 Tenth Ave, F-119, Brooklyn, NY, 11219, USA.

Purpose: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in preterm neonates, lacks a reliable biomarker. Citrulline is primarily produced by enterocytes and correlates with intestinal function. Serum citrulline concentration (CIT) is routinely measured in routine newborn screening (NBS). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00383-019-04470-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04470-9DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Nationwide survey of outcome in patients with extensive aganglionosis in Japan.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 7;35(5):547-550. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Purpose: Hirschsprung's disease-related short bowel syndrome (HDSBS) is characterized by aganglionosis that extends orally to 75 cm from Treitz's band. The condition is reported be associated with a high mortality rate of 50-80%. This retrospective study aimed to survey the current trends in HDSBS treatment in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04462-9DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Colectomies in children with inflammatory bowel disease: a national referral centre experience.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Our Lady's Children Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: Few studies have reported on the utility and efficacy of laparoscopic colectomy in the paediatric population. We aim to compare the characteristics and outcomes of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who underwent open vs laparoscopic treatment at our centre.

Methods: A 10-year retrospective review was performed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00383-019-04467-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04467-4DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Postoperative decrease in plasma acyl ghrelin levels after pediatric living donor liver transplantation in association with hepatic damage due to ischemia and reperfusion injury.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.

Purpose: Ghrelin was recently reported to promote recovery from hepatic injury. We hypothesized that it could also be associated with clinical recovery of the transplanted liver from ischemia and reperfusion injury. Our aims were to investigate perioperative ghrelin changes following pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) and to analyze the association of these changes with postoperative hepatic function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04463-8DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Foregut duplications in the superior mediastinum: beware of a common wall with the tracheo-bronchial tree.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Foregut duplication cysts (FD) with a common muscular wall with the oesophagus are well recognised. Our case series highlights the existence of a common wall between superior mediastinal FD and the tracheo-bronchial tree.

Materials And Methods: Over the last 15 years, we have thoracoscopically resected 41 FD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04466-5DOI Listing

The identification and treatment of intestinal malrotation in older children.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Surgery, Children's Mercy Kansas City, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO, 64108, USA.

Purpose: Intestinal malrotation is often diagnosed in infancy. The true incidence of malrotation outside of this age is unknown. These patients can present atypically or be asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04454-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Adolescent gallstones-need for early intervention in symptomatic idiopathic gallstones.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 26;35(5):569-574. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, John Hunter Children's Hospital, 2 Lookout Road, New Lambton Heights, Newcastle, NSW, 2305, Australia.

Background And Aim: Currently, there is a paucity of the literature describing the natural history of cholelithiasis (CL) and choledocholithiasis (CDL) in adolescent children. This study aims to analyse the changing demographics of paediatric and adolescent gallstones.

Methodology: Retrospective review of all children (Age 0-18 years) presenting with symptomatic gallstones over the last 15 years (2002-2017) at a single tertiary institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04461-wDOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

A retrospective study of the ideal operation time for preterm biliary atresia patients.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Ave, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Objective: To study the ideal Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE) time for preterm infants with biliary atresia (BA) through evaluation of the postoperative effects.

Methods: Retrospectively, 34 preterm infants with BA from 2012 to 2016 were recruited in the present study. The following three groups were established according to their chronological and corrected age at the time of KPE operation: chronological age ≤ 90 days, chronological age > 90 days and corrected age ≤ 90 days, and corrected age > 90 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04464-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Trauma registry data as a tool for comparison of practice patterns and outcomes between low- and middle-income and high-income healthcare settings.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Purpose: There is a lack of data-driven, risk-adjusted mortality estimates for injured children outside of high-income countries (HIC). To inform injury prevention and quality improvement efforts, an upper middle-income country (UMIC) pediatric trauma registry was compared to that of a HIC.

Methods: Clinical data, injury details, and mortality of injured children (< 18 years) hospitalized in two centers (USA and South African (SA)) from 2013 to 2017 were abstracted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04453-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1.061 Impact Factor

Repair of type IV laryngotracheoesophageal cleft (LTEC) on ECMO.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 19;35(5):565-568. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kobe Children's Hospital, 1-6-7 Minatojima Minami, Chuou-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0047, Japan.

Purpose: A type IV laryngotracheoesophageal cleft (LTEC) is a very rare congenital malformation. Type IV LTEC that extends to the carina have poor prognosis and are difficult to manage. We present our experience with surgical repair in such a case using extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04455-8DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Urinary nerve growth factor: a biomarker for overactive bladder in children? A meta-analysis and trail sequential analysis.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chengdu Women's and Children's Central Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No. 1617, Riyue Avenue, Qinyang District, Chengdu, China.

Purpose: Based on previously two meta-analyses, urinary nerve growth factor (NGF) has emerged as one potentially noninvasive biomarker for overactive bladder (OAB) in adults. We performed this systematic review to explore if NGF is a biomarker for OAB in children.

Methods: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of science and Cochrane Library. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04447-8DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Readmission within 30 days of discharge (ReAd): a quality-of-care indicator in paediatric surgery.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 18;35(5):597-602. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation, Trust, London, UK.

Purpose: Following a previously published 1 year audit of readmissions, this is a reaudit of our readmission rate (ReAd) in paediatric surgery, asking: is ReAd reproducible, can it be an indicator of quality of care in paediatric surgery, and can it be improved?

Method: Prospectively collected Hospital Episode statistics were used to identify readmissions over 1 year. Patients were subdivided into emergency vs elective regarding the first admission and outcomes compared including with our previously published ReAd data.

Results: 2616 children (67% male) were admitted during 2016: 1398 (53%) elective and 1218 (47%) emergency admissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04449-6DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Navigation surgery using indocyanine green fluorescent imaging for hepatoblastoma patients.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 16;35(5):551-557. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Background: Technology for detecting liver tumors and identifying the bile ducts using indocyanine green (ICG) has recently been developed. However, the usefulness and limitations of ICG navigation surgery for hepatoblastoma (HB) have not been fully clarified. We herein report our experiences with surgical navigation using ICG for in HB patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04458-5DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

In prenatally diagnosed CPAM, does the affected lobe influence the timing of symptom onset?

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 16;35(5):559-563. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Pediatric General and Urogenital Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 113-8421, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: We investigated the relationship between the affected lobe and symptom onset in prenatally diagnosed congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM).

Methods: 53 CPAM patients diagnosed prenatally were reviewed retrospectively by creating 2 groups according to symptom onset. Group Sneo: (symptomatic during the neonatal period; n = 13) and group S > neo: (symptomatic after the neonatal period; n = 40) were compared for type of CPAM, affected lobes, types of symptoms/infections, treatment, duration of follow-up, and histopathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04460-xDOI Listing

Disparity in online health information in pediatric vs. adult surgical conditions.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Although the quality of online health information (OHI) for adult surgical conditions is well described, the availability of quality OHI for pediatric surgical conditions, and the comparison to that of adult surgical OHI, remains undefined.

Methods: Medical and lay terms for 15 pediatric and 15 adult surgical conditions were searched using Google in English. The Health on the Net Foundation, a non-governmental OHI accreditation body, designates approval for quality websites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04451-yDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.061 Impact Factor

Surgical management of hypospadias in cases with concomitant disorders of sex development.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 14;35(5):611-617. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pediatric General and Urogenital Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.

Introduction: To review the surgical treatment of hypospadias (HP) associated with disorders of sex development (DSD).

Patients And Methods: HP cases were assessed for DSD by gross examination for atypical external genitalia, and assessment of hormone levels and karyotype. There were 58 HP cases with concomitant DSD treated between 1999 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04457-6DOI Listing

Morphometric demonstration of portal vein stenosis and hepatic arterial medial hypertrophy in patients with biliary atresia.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 14;35(5):529-537. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Research Field in Medical and Health Sciences, Medical and Dental Area, Research and Education Assembly, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890-8520, Japan.

Purpose: Portal hypertension in patients with biliary atresia (BA) is generally thought to result from portal vein (PV) narrowing secondary to hepatic fibrosis. To test the hypothesis, we morphometrically analyzed the PVs and hepatic arteries (HAs).

Methods: Morphometrical analyses of 25 BA and 26 non-BA liver biopsy specimens from patients treated from 2000 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04459-4DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads

The long-term health-related quality of life in patients operated for choledochal cyst.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 14;35(5):539-546. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Research Field in Medicine and Health Sciences, Medical and Dental Sciences Area, Research and Education Assembly, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890-8520, Japan.

Purpose: Late postoperative complications in choledochal cyst (CC) patients are severe problems that affect the quality of life (QOL). We evaluated the postoperative complications and health-related QOL (HRQOL) of CC patients ≥ 18 years of age.

Methods: From April 1984 to January 2018, 114 CC patients underwent definitive surgery at our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04456-7DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Avoidance of general anesthesia for circumcision in infants under 6 months of age using a modified Plastibell technique.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 14;35(5):619-623. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Surgery, New York Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital, 506 6th street, Brooklyn, NY, 11215, USA.

Purpose: There is currently no gold standard for the type of analgesia or preferred circumcision technique in infants requiring circumcision after 1 month of age. Our study presents a modified Plastibell circumcision technique, which offers excellent surgical outcomes, and can be performed under local anesthesia until 6 months of age, thereby avoiding the risks of general anesthesia in delayed circumcision.

Methods: This is a retrospective case series of 508 consecutive male infants between 1 and 6 months of age, from one institution, who all underwent circumcision under local anesthesia, performed by the same pediatric surgeon, from 2013 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04452-xDOI Listing

Quality of life and functional outcome in Swedish children with low anorectal malformations: a follow-up study.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 7;35(5):583-590. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, 171 76, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose: The aim was to investigate the quality of life and bowel function in children with low anorectal malformations (ARM).

Additional Aim: To evaluate the Swedish version the Hirschsprung's Disease/Anorectal Malformation Quality of life Questionnaire (HAQL).

Methods: Forty-four children and their parents were invited to complete the HAQL and the Bowel Function Score (BFS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-04431-8DOI Listing

Thoracoscopic thymectomy for juvenile myasthenia gravis.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 7;35(5):603-610. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Division of Pediatric General, Thoracic and Fetal Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Purpose: A randomized controlled trial of thymectomy in myasthenia gravis demonstrated improved clinical outcomes in adults, but data surrounding juvenile cases, especially those treated with minimally invasive approaches, are limited. Here, we review our experience with thoracoscopic thymectomy for juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) in the largest cohort to date.

Methods: All cases of thymectomy for JMG in a single tertiary referral center between 2007 and 2018 were reviewed (N = 50). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04441-0DOI Listing

Urinary nerve growth factor: a biomarker for detrusor overactivity in children? A meta-analysis and trail sequential analysis.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chengdu Women's and Children's Central Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No.1617, Riyue Avenue, Qinyang District, Chengdu, China.

Purpose: Based on, previously, a systematic review, urinary nerve growth factor (NGF) has emerged as one potentially noninvasive biomarker for detrusor overactivity (DO) in adults. We performed this systematic review to explore if NGF is a biomarker for DO in children.

Methods: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of science, and Cochrane Library. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04448-7DOI Listing
February 2019
1.061 Impact Factor

Independent risk factors for contralateral patent processus vaginalis undetected by pre-operative ultrasonography in boys with unilateral inguinal hernia.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 7;35(5):591-595. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Urology, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, 95, Dunsanseo-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon, 35233, South Korea.

Purpose: Many trials have been done to make sure probability of metachronous contralateral side hernia (MCH) and contralateral patent processus vaginalis (CPPV). But the necessity of contralateral side exploration is still on debate. The aim is to investigate the risk factors for the consideration of contralateral examination on operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04444-xDOI Listing

Letter to the Editor concerning: "the non-visualized appendix and secondary signs on ultrasound for pediatric appendicitis in the community hospital setting".

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Women's and Children's Hospital, 72 King William Street, North Adelaide, South Australia, 5006, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04446-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Standardized text messages improve 30-day patient follow-up for ACS pediatric NSQIP cases.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 2;35(4):523-527. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, SSM Health Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital, Saint Louis University, 1465 S Grand Blvd, St. Louis, MO, 63104-6454, USA.

Purpose: Thirty-day follow-up is a critical and challenging component of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). We hypothesized the simplicity and immediacy of text messaging would increase response rates while reducing workload.

Methods: For 6 months, text messages were the primary form of contact for first and second follow-up attempts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04436-xDOI Listing

Outcomes after splenectomy in children: a 48-year population-based study.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 May 2;35(5):575-582. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Division of Trauma, Critical Care and General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Mary's Hospital, Mayo Clinic, Mary Brigh 2-810, 1216 Second Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55902, USA.

Purpose: In children who have undergone splenectomy, there may be impaired immunologic function and an increased risk of infection. We aimed to define the long-term rate of and risk factors for post-splenectomy infection using a population-based cohort study.

Methods: All children (< 18 years) who underwent splenectomy from 1966 to 2011 in Olmsted County, MN were identified using the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04439-8DOI Listing

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in neonates should focus on the respiratory tract.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

University of South Florida, 1 Tampa General Circle G441, Tampa, FL, 33606, USA.

Background/purpose: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have shown significant benefits in terms of patient outcomes and institutional cost savings in colorectal and bariatric surgery. This has not, however, been tried in the neonatal setting. One of the major barriers to developing ERAS protocols in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is the often-prolonged intubation of neonates after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04437-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1.061 Impact Factor

Radiation exposure in infants with oesophageal atresia and tracheo-oesophageal fistula.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 1;35(4):509-515. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Locked Bag 4001 Westmead, Sydney, NSW, 2145, Australia.

Purpose: Oesophageal atresia and tracheo-oesophageal atresia require surgical repair in early infancy. These children have significant disease-related morbidity requiring frequent radiological examinations resulting in an increased malignancy risk.

Methods: A single-centre, retrospective review was performed of radiation exposure in children with OA/TOF born 2011-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04450-zDOI Listing

Publishing trends in Journal of Paediatric Surgery, Pediatric Surgery International and European Journal of Pediatric Surgery over the past three decades.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 29;35(4):413-418. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Level 3, Department of Paediatric Surgery, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Corner Hawkesbury Road and Hainsworth Street, Westmead, Sydney, NSW, 2145, Australia.

The aim of this study was an analysis of the changing publication trends over the last three decades in the Journal of Pediatric Surgery (JPS), Pediatric Surgery International (PSI) and European Journal of Pediatric Surgery (EJPS) by studying the bibliometric variables, authorship, collaboration, and citation trends. A previously applied methodology using intermittent years was applied to review the archives of JPS, PSI and EJPS over the last 30 years. Citation data were collected from the Web of Science database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04445-wDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Outcomes and associated ethical considerations of long-run pediatric ECMO at a single center institution.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 25;35(3):321-328. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 211 E Chicago Avenue, Box 63, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Purpose: Survival of neonatal and pediatric patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) ≥ 21 days has not been well described. We hypothesized that patients would have poor survival and increased long-term complications.

Methods: Retrospective, single center, review and case analysis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00383-019-04443-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04443-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433597PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: the good, the bad, and the tough.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 24;35(3):303-313. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Division of Pediatric General and Thoracic Surgery, The Center for Fetal Cellular and Molecular Therapy, Cincinnati Fetal Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 11025, Cincinnati, OH, 45229-3039, USA.

Objectives: We aim to determine factors that are associated with better outcomes of CDH patients.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed on all CDH patients admitted to our institution between 2003 and 2016. This study was performed at a single institution which has a fetal care center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04442-zDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The relationship of eosinophilia with outcomes of Hirschsprung disease in children.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 21;35(4):425-429. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of General Surgery, The Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics, 2401 Gillham Rd, Kansas City, MO, 64108, USA.

Purpose: It has been postulated that children with Hirschsprung disease (HD) and mucosal eosinophilia have been thought to have poorer outcome, but supporting evidence is lacking. The objective of our study was to review the outcomes of children with HD and mucosal eosinophilia.

Methods: A single center, retrospective review was conducted on all patients diagnosed with HD between 1999 and 2016. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00383-018-04430-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-04430-9DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads

Is fecal diversion necessary during ileal pouch creation after initial subtotal colectomy in pediatric ulcerative colitis?

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 19;35(4):443-448. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

The Moses Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, The Department of Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 5 East 98th Street, 15th Floor, Box 1259, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

Background: Pediatric patients with medically refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) often undergo an initial subtotal colectomy end ileostomy (STC-I). The role of fecal diversion in the subsequent completion proctectomy/ileal-pouch anal anastomosis (CP-IPAA) remains controversial.

Methods: A multi-institutional retrospective review was performed of pediatric UC patients who underwent an STC-I followed by CP-IPAA from 2008 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04440-1DOI Listing

Formative research experiences in pediatric surgeons: a mixed methods study of Pediatric Trauma Society members.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 19;35(4):495-499. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles and Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 4650 Sunset Blvd., Mailstop #100, Los Angeles, CA, 90027, USA.

Purpose: A career in pediatric surgery has historically required extensive research experience, but the optimal research training is not well defined. The purpose of this study was to explore the formative research experiences among pediatric surgeons.

Methods: A 1-h focus group was held with 14 pediatric surgeons at the 2017 Pediatric Trauma Society annual meeting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04438-9DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Pediatric robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP): does weight matter?

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 14;35(3):391-396. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Departments of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Hebrew University, P.O.B 3235, 91031, Jerusalem, Israel.

Purpose: RALP is rapidly becoming the new gold standard treatment for UPJO in children, who suffer from uretero-pelvic obstruction (UPJO). However, presently there is a lack of data regarding the outcomes of RALP in young infants and smaller children. This study aims to compare the outcomes of RALP in children weighing less than 10 kg and matched with an analogous cohort who underwent open pyeloplasty (OP). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00383-019-04435-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04435-yDOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Intraoperative cultures during appendectomy in children are poor predictors of pathogens and resistance patterns in cultures from postoperative abscesses.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 8;35(3):341-346. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Intraoperative cultures are commonly sent in complicated appendicitis. Culture-guided antibiotics used to prevent postoperative infectious complications are debated. In this study, we describe the microbial overlap between intraoperative and abscess cultures, and antibiotic resistance patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-04428-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394779PMC

A periodic comparison of the survival and prognostic factors of biliary atresia after Kasai portoenterostomy: a single-center study in Korea.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Mar 3;35(3):285-292. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Severance Pediatric Liver Disease Research Group, Severance Children's Hospital, Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, 03722, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: We explored the chronologic changes in prognostic factors and clinical outcomes of Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE) for biliary atresia (BA).

Methods: Patients undergoing KPE between 1997 and 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Ninety-two consecutive patients who underwent KPE from 1997 to 2006 (Era 1) were compared with 150 patients who underwent KPE from 2007 to 2016 (Era 2) for clinical outcomes and prognostic factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-04434-5DOI Listing
March 2019
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The recent evolution of the breadth of practice for pediatric surgeons in the United States, 2005-2014.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 3;35(4):517-522. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, 282 Washington Street, Hartford, CT, 06106, USA.

Purpose: Our objective was to determine if there was an association between subspecialist supply and a specific sub-set of procedures performed by pediatric surgeons over a 10-year period.

Methods: Data source was the Pediatric Health Information Systems database. Included were patients < 12 years who underwent one of nine outpatient surgical procedures between 1/1/2005 and 12/31/2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-04433-6DOI Listing

Management of Hirschsprung disease in Australia and New Zealand: a survey of the Australian and New Zealand Association of Paediatric Surgeons (ANZAPS).

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Apr 3;35(4):419-423. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Level 5, 246 Clayton Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3168, Australia.

Purpose: To define the practice of management for Hirschsprung disease (HD) in Australia and New Zealand.

Methods: Online survey of Australian and New Zealand Association of Paediatric Surgeons (ANZAPS) members.

Results: 56/80 (70%) members from 17 centres responded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-04432-7DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Correction to: Choledochal malformations: global research, scientific advances and key controversies.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 03;35(3):283

Department of Pediatric Surgery, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 9RS, UK.

The last sentence in the first paragraph under subheading "Minimally invasive treatment" was incorrect in the original publication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-04427-4DOI Listing