8,586 results match your criteria Pediatric Radiology [Journal]


Is the procedure of diagnosing abusive head trauma a purely medical matter?

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 19;49(3):422-423. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation/Forensic Medicine, Umeå, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04344-1DOI Listing

Consensus statement on abusive head trauma: additional endorsements.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 19;49(3):421. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

UMR 7268 ADÉS, Aix-Marseille Université-EFS-CNRS, Marseille, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04342-3DOI Listing

European Society of Paediatric Radiology Computed Tomography and Dose Task Force: European guidelines on diagnostic reference levels for paediatric imaging.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

The recent European Council Directive 2013/59/EURATOM requires the establishment of diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) to optimise radiation dose in diagnostic and interventional radiology procedures. At the time this directive was enacted, just a few European countries had already set paediatric DRLs and many of these were outdated. For this reason, the European Commission launched a project addressing European Guidelines on Diagnostic Reference Levels for Paediatric Imaging that was awarded to a consortium led by the European Society of Radiology with the collaboration of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology and other European stakeholders involved in the radiation protection of children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04346-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Visualization of the normal appendix in children: feasibility of a single contrast-enhanced radial gradient recalled echo MRI sequence.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, 660 First Ave., New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment for appendicitis is limited by exam time and patient cooperation. The radially sampled 3-dimensional (3-D) T1-weighted, gradient recalled echo sequence (radial GRE) is a free-breathing, motion robust sequence that may be useful in evaluating appendicitis in children.

Objective: To compare the rate of detection of the normal appendix with contrast-enhanced radial GRE versus contrast-enhanced 3-D GRE and a multi-sequence study including contrast-enhanced radial GRE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04352-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Computed tomography texture features can discriminate benign from malignant lymphadenopathy in pediatric patients: a preliminary study.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit St., Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Background: Differentiation of benign from malignant lymphadenopathy remains challenging in pediatric radiology. Textural analysis (TA) quantitates heterogeneity of tissue signal intensities and has been applied to analysis of CT images.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to establish whether CT textural analysis of enlarged lymph nodes visualized on pediatric CT can distinguish benign from malignant lymphadenopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04350-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Arnold Shkolnik, MD (1930-2018).

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Ave., Chicago, IL, 60614, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04348-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical experience with two-point mDixon turbo spin echo as an alternative to conventional turbo spin echo for magnetic resonance imaging of the pediatric knee.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, 747 52nd Street, Oakland, CA, 94609, USA.

Background: Two-point modified Dixon (mDixon) turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequence provides an efficient, robust method of fat suppression. In one mDixon acquisition, four image types can be generated: water-only, fat-only, in-phase and opposed-phase images.

Objective: To determine whether PD mDixon TSE water-only and, by proxy, PD in-phase images generated by one acquisition can replace two conventional PD TSE sequences with and without fat suppression in routine clinical MR examination of the knee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04349-wDOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Normal values of the resistivity index of the pericallosal artery with and without compression of the anterior fontanelle.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Pediatric Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: Resistivity index (RI) of the pericallosal artery as is commonly measured during head ultrasound (US) examination in neonates. Some studies have shown that RI measured with gentle compression of the fontanelle provides additional information in cases of neonatal brain anomalies.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to establish normal RI values with and without compression in a large population of neonates with normal cranial ultrasound as a function of gestational age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04347-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Prolonged time between intravenous contrast administration and image acquisition results in increased synovial thickness at magnetic resonance imaging in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105, AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Post-contrast synovial thickness measurement is necessary for scoring disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). However, the timing of post-contrast sequences varies widely among institutions. This variation in timing could influence thickness measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04332-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Technique, pitfalls, quality, radiation dose and findings of dynamic 4-dimensional computed tomography for airway imaging in infants and children.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Radiation Science Services, Medical Physics & Bioengineering, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK.

This retrospective review of 33 children's dynamic 4-dimensional (4-D) computed tomography (CT) images of the airways, performed using volume scanning on a 320-detector array without anaesthesia (free-breathing) and 1.4-s continuous scanning, was undertaken to report technique, pitfalls, quality, radiation doses and findings. Tracheobronchomalacia (airway diameter collapse >28%) was recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04338-5DOI Listing
January 2019

Intrarenal reflux, an overlooked entity - retrospective analysis of 1,166 voiding cysturethrographies in children.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Pediatric Radiology, Klinikum der Universität München, Lindwurmstr. 4, 80337, Munich, Germany.

Background: The significance of intrarenal reflux as a risk factor for renal scarring and hypertension has been discussed. Fluoroscopic detection of intrarenal reflux depends on the equipment, the training of the radiologists and the timing of spot film acquisition.

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of intrarenal reflux and its association with age, gender, grade of vesico-uretero-renal reflux and the renal segments affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04330-zDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Correction to: Pediatric ileocolic intussusception: new observations and unexpected implications.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar;49(3):429

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

In this article, the fourth author's name is misspelled. The correct spelling, as shown above, should be "Nadia F. Mahmood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04343-2DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Comparison of diagnostic accuracy for fistulae at ultrasound and voiding cystourethrogram in neonates with anorectal malformation.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Radiology, Saitama Children's Medical Center, 1-2 Shintoshin Chuo-ku Saitama, Saitama, 330-8777, Japan.

Background: Recently, it has been reported that anorectal malformation with rectourethral fistula in male neonates can be managed by primary neonatal reconstruction without colostomy. To prevent urethral injury during anorectoplasty, the fistula's location is important. To date, the use of voiding cystourethrograms to determine the presence and location of fistulas in neonates with anorectal malformations has not been studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04339-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Pediatric ovarian volumes measured at ultrasound after contralateral unilateral oophorectomy.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: Changes that occur in the remaining ovary after contralateral oophorectomy are not well described.

Objective: To determine average ovarian volume in pediatric patients after contralateral oophorectomy compared to age-matched controls with two normal ovaries.

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective review of ultrasound examinations and electronic medical records of patients ages 0-18 years who had unilateral oophorectomy from 2000 to 2017 (n=64). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-04336-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04336-7DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Morel-Lavellée lesions: MRI characteristics in the pediatric patient.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: A closed degloving injury is often referred to as a Morel-Lavellée lesion regardless of location despite traditionally being associated with the hip in adults. It results from a shearing injury that separates the subcutaneous layers from the fascia with fluid filling a potential space.

Objective: While the most common location and cause have been described in adults, there is limited literature in pediatric patients. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4328-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4328-0DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Idiopathic, heritable and veno-occlusive pulmonary arterial hypertension in childhood: computed tomography angiography features in the initial assessment of the disease.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

M3C-Necker, Congenital and Pediatric Cardiology, Hôpital Universitaire Necker-Enfants malades, Paris, France.

Background: In children, idiopathic and heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension present echocardiographic and heart catheterization findings similar to findings in pulmonary veno-occlusive disease.

Objective: To provide a systematic analysis of CT angiography anomalies in children with idiopathic or heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension, or pulmonary veno-occlusive disease. We also sought to identify correlations between CT findings and patients' baseline characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04331-yDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia sacs: prenatal imaging and associated postnatal outcomes.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: The presence of a hernia sac in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has been reported to be associated with higher lung volumes and better postnatal outcomes.

Objective: To compare prenatal imaging (ultrasound and MRI) prognostic measurements and postnatal outcomes of CDH with and without hernia sac.

Materials And Methods: We performed database searches from January 2008 to March 2017 for surgically proven cases of CDH with and without hernia sac. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04334-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Radiation dose monitoring in pediatric fluoroscopy: comparison of fluoroscopy time and dose-area product thresholds for identifying high-exposure cases.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Montefiore Medical Center, 111 East 210th St., Bronx, NY, 10467, USA.

Background: Fluoroscopy time has been used as a surrogate for radiation dose monitoring in pediatric fluoroscopy; however it does not account for factors such as magnification or collimation. Dose-area product (DAP) is a more accurate measure of radiation exposure but its dependence on patient weight and body-part thickness is a challenge in children of varying ages.

Objective: To determine whether fluoroscopy time and DAP produce concurrent results when they are used to identify high-exposure cases, and to establish radiation dose thresholds for our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04335-8DOI Listing
January 2019

Prenatal ultrasonography of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease mimicking recessive type: case series.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Service de Radiologie, Hôpital d'Enfants Armand-Trousseau APHP, 26 avenue du Dr Arnold Netter, 75012, Paris, France.

Background: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited renal disease. This pathology has been increasingly diagnosed in utero and several sonographic patterns are well described in the literature.

Objective: To present a series of fetuses with an unusual imaging pattern of ADPKD, mimicking autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4325-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4325-3DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Value of dedicated small-field-of-view sacroiliac versus large-field-of-view pelvic magnetic resonance imaging for evaluating pediatric sacroiliitis.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, 1855 4th St., San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.

Background: Optimized MRI parameters can be leveraged to improve signal intensity, accelerate imaging acquisition and increase resolution. Higher-resolution imaging with a small field of view (FOV) has been proposed as standard practice for investigating sacroiliac (SI) joints, but the improvement in disease detection and characterization over pelvic imaging with large FOV has not been established.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare dedicated MR images of the SI joints with survey imaging (large-FOV pelvic MRI) for detecting sacroiliitis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4323-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4323-5DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Extended field of view magnetic resonance imaging for suspected osteomyelitis in very young children: is it useful?

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 8;49(3):379-386. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Radiology, Penn State Children's Hospital, 600 University Drive, Hershey, PA, 17033, USA.

Background: Osteomyelitis is a challenging diagnosis for clinicians, particularly in very young children. At our institution, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol in suspected osteomyelitis for children 5 years of age or younger includes a large field of imaging regardless of the clinical site of concern.

Objective: To determine if extended field of view (FOV) MRI contributes important information in young children with suspected osteomyelitis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4317-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4317-3DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Microwave ablation of osteoid osteoma: initial experience and efficacy.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology, Seattle Children's Hospital, M/S MA.7.220, PO Box 5371, Seattle, WA, 98145, USA.

Background: Image-guided percutaneous microwave ablation has been used to treat adult osteoid osteomas but has not been thoroughly evaluated in the pediatric population.

Objective: To evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of microwave ablation to treat osteoid osteomas in pediatric patients.

Materials And Methods: The electronic medical record and imaging archive were reviewed for 24 consecutive patients who had undergone microwave ablation of osteoid osteomas between January 1, 2015, and May 31, 2018, at a single tertiary care pediatric hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4327-1DOI Listing
January 2019
1.651 Impact Factor

Imaging of central lymphatic abnormalities in Noonan syndrome.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 6. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Division of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Children with Noonan syndrome are known to have increased risk for lymphatic disorders, the extent and nature of which are poorly understood.

Objective: Our objective was to describe the imaging findings of the central lymphatic abnormalities in children with Noonan syndrome who underwent central lymphatic imaging.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective review of all children with a confirmed history of Noonan syndrome who presented for lymphatic imaging over a 5-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-04337-6DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Magnetic resonance imaging of cerebellar cysts in a neonate with congenital cytomegalovirus infection.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Division of Neuroradiology, Hospital de Braga, Sete Fontes - S. Vítor, 4710-243, Braga, Portugal.

Congenital cytomegalovirus infection is one of the most common congenital viral infections in the world. Brain magnetic resonance imaging plays a key role in evaluating brain involvement and establishing prognosis; several characteristic features have been described. We present a description of cerebellar cysts in a neonate with polymerase chain reaction-confirmed cytomegalovirus congenital infection, and discuss the differential diagnosis and potential pathophysiological mechanisms. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4326-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4326-2DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Imaging of diseases of the vagina and external genitalia in children.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Service of Radiology, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Via Gerolamo Gaslini, 5, 16147, Genoa, GE, Italy.

A wide range of congenital or acquired conditions, some pretty rare, may affect the vulva and vagina in children. Swelling, visible or palpable masses and abnormal discharges are common symptoms of conditions affecting the vulva and/or the lower genital tract. The majority of these diseases are benign. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4324-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4324-4DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Subperiosteal new bone formation with the distal tibial classic metaphyseal lesion: prevalence on radiographic skeletal surveys.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Radiology, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: The classic metaphyseal lesion (CML) is a strong indicator of infant abuse, and the distal tibia is one of the most common sites for this injury.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of subperiosteal new bone formation accompanying the distal tibial CMLs identified on infant skeletal surveys.

Materials And Methods: Skeletal surveys performed for suspected infant abuse (2005-2017) were reviewed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4329-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4329-zDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Diagnostic performance of quantitative magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers for predicting portal hypertension in children and young adults with autoimmune liver disease.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 3;49(3):332-341. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Center for Autoimmune Liver Disease (CALD), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Background: Primary sclerosing cholangitis, autoimmune hepatitis and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis are forms of chronic, progressive autoimmune liver disease (AILD) that can affect the pediatric population.

Objective: To determine whether quantitative MRI- and laboratory-based biomarkers are associated with conventional imaging findings of portal hypertension (radiologic portal hypertension) in children and young adults with AILD.

Materials And Methods: Forty-four patients with AILD enrolled in an institutional registry underwent a research abdominal MRI examination at 1. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4319-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4319-1DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads
1.651 Impact Factor

Magnetic resonance imaging predictors of shoulder instability in adolescents.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 18;49(3):365-371. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Pediatric Orthopedics & Scoliosis Center, Rady Children's Hospital San Diego, 3020 Children's Way, MC 5062, San Diego, CA, 92123, USA.

Background: Managing recurrent shoulder instability in an athlete of any age is challenging. The pediatric literature regarding recurrence of instability is difficult to interpret because of the variable treatment protocols and varying ages. The adult literature suggests that bone loss on the humerus, glenoid or both, as detected by CT, has high rates of recurrence following surgical intervention. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4318-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4318-2DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Pediatric percutaneous renal biopsies: comparison of complications between real-time ultrasound guidance and pre-procedure ultrasound-aided skin-marking techniques.

Pediatr Radiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, 6701 Fannin St., #470, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Background: Percutaneous renal biopsy is a commonly performed procedure that guides decision-making for children with renal disease.

Objective: To compare complications from renal biopsies using real-time ultrasound (US) guidance versus pre-procedure US-aided skin-marking in children.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a priori power analysis using a risk-adjusted model, which indicated we needed a sample size of 643-714 procedures (effect size: 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4321-7DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

The spectrum of cloacal malformations: how to differentiate each entity prenatally with fetal MRI.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 13;49(3):387-398. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology,, Children's Hospital Colorado,, 13123 East 16th Ave., Mailbox B-463,, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

The term cloacal malformation is commonly used to describe the classic cloacal malformation where there is a single common urogenital and intestinal channel located at the expected site of the urethra. There is, however, a spectrum of cloacal abnormalities that differ from this classic type and are less well discussed in the radiologic and surgical literature. The aim of this pictorial essay is to familiarize radiologists with the anatomy, appropriate terminology and key prenatal imaging findings that differentiate the six entities that constitute the spectrum of cloacal abnormalities. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4302-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4302-xDOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Differentiating stable buckle fractures from other distal radius fractures: the 1-cm rule.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 13;49(3):358-364. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Radiology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA.

Background: Treatment pathways for isolated distal radius fractures in children are becoming more tailored to specific fracture types and include different management plans for stable buckle fractures versus potentially unstable distal radius fractures.

Objective: To propose a measurement rule to aid in differentiating stable buckle fractures from other distal radius fractures in children.

Materials And Methods: A medical record search identified 203 children with closed distal radius fractures during a 14-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4316-4DOI Listing

Pediatric neuroimaging at a university hospital in Rwanda: a pictorial essay.

Pediatr Radiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Radiology, University Teaching Hospital of Kigali, University of Rwanda School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Kigali, Rwanda.

Rwanda is a country of 12 million people with 41% of its population under the age of 14 years. Despite major improvements in health care since the 1994 genocide, pediatric neuroimaging in Rwanda remains challenging. Prenatal and advanced imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are not widespread. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4315-5DOI Listing
December 2018

High-pitch CT, decreasing need for sedation and its potential side effects: some practical considerations and future directions.

Authors:
Sjirk J Westra

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 10;49(3):297-300. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Division of Pediatric Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 34 Fruit St., White 246A, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4314-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4314-6DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Esophageal transit scintigraphy in children: a user's guide and pictorial review.

Pediatr Radiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Technical and clinical aspects of esophageal transit scintigraphy in pediatric patients are reviewed via several illustrative cases that highlight its utility in evaluating primary and secondary esophageal motility disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4301-yDOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

4-D flow magnetic-resonance-imaging-derived energetic biomarkers are abnormal in children with repaired tetralogy of Fallot and associated with disease severity.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 1;49(3):308-317. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Radiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Cardiac MRI plays a central role in monitoring children with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) for long-term complications. Current risk assessment is based on volumetric and functional parameters that measure late expression of underlying physiological changes. Emerging 4-D flow MRI techniques promise new insights. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4312-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4312-8DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads
1.651 Impact Factor

Percutaneous liver biopsy in Fontan patients.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 30;49(3):342-350. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd., Radiology 3NW47, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: Patients who have undergone the Fontan operation for palliation of congenital heart disease with single-ventricle pathophysiology are at high risk for developing progressive liver fibrosis. Pathological assessment from percutaneous liver biopsy is central to the management of Fontan-associated liver disease, but liver biopsy in this vulnerable population poses unique challenges and potential risks.

Objective: This retrospective study describes our experience with percutaneous liver biopsy performed to assess changes of Fontan-associated liver disease, with particular regard to procedural outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4311-9DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Imaging features of extranodal involvement in paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 5;49(2):266-276. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht/Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584, CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Detecting extranodal disease in paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma is of great importance for both treatment and prognosis. Different imaging techniques can be used to identify these extranodal sites. This pictorial essay provides an overview of imaging features of extranodal disease manifestation in paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4280-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334729PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Human immunodeficiency virus-related cerebral white matter disease in children.

Pediatr Radiol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Pediatric Radiology, Children's Hospital Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic seems largely controlled by anti-retroviral treatment with resultant large numbers of children growing up with the disease on long-term treatment, placing them at higher risk to develop HIV-related brain injury, ongoing cognitive impairment and treatment-related neurological complications. Cerebral white matter involvement is a common radiologic finding in HIV infection and the causes of this have overlapping appearances, ranging from diffuse widespread involvement to focal lesions. The varied pathophysiology is broadly grouped into primary effects of HIV, opportunistic infection, vascular disease and neoplasms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4310-xDOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Magnetic resonance imaging of sacroiliitis in children: methodological issue on reliability.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 28;49(2):279-280. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department Operation Room, School of Paramedical Science, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, 671985135, Islamic Republic of Iran.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4242-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4242-5DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Functional magnetic resonance urography in infants: feasibility of a feed-and-sleep technique.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 26;49(3):351-357. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Tübingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Background: Functional magnetic resonance (MR) urography has been well established in the diagnostic workup of congenital anomalies of kidneys and urinary tract, though long acquisition time requires sedation or general anesthesia in infants.

Objective: To evaluate the success rate of an optimized functional MR urography protocol in infants carried out in natural sleep.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively evaluated all functional MR urographies performed under general anesthesia or during natural sleep in infants younger than 1 year between 2010 and 2017 and rated image quality in both cohorts using a 3-point Likert scale. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4307-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4307-5DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Estimating bone mass in children: can bone health index replace dual energy x-ray absorptiometry?

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 24;49(3):372-378. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Oncology and Metabolism, Academic Unit of Child Health, University of Sheffield, Damer Street, Sheffield, S10 2TH, UK.

Background: Bisphosphonates have been shown to increase metacarpal cortical width. Bone health index is computed from hand radiographs by measuring cortical thickness, width and length of the three middle metacarpals, and may potentially help predict fracture risk in children.

Objective: To compare bone health index with bone mineral density as measured from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scans in patients with and without bisphosphonate treatment. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4309-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4309-3DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads
1.651 Impact Factor

Technical feasibility of semiautomatic three-dimensional threshold-based cardiac computed tomography quantification of left ventricular mass.

Authors:
Hyun Woo Goo

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 23;49(3):318-326. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 05505, South Korea.

Background: Semiautomatic three-dimensional (3-D) threshold-based cardiac computed tomography (CT) quantification has not been attempted for left ventricular mass.

Objective: To evaluate the technical feasibility of semiautomatic 3-D threshold-based cardiac CT quantification of left ventricular mass in patients with various degrees of left ventricular hypertrophy.

Materials And Methods: In 99 patients, cardiac CT was utilized to quantify ventricular volume and mass by using a semiautomatic 3-D threshold-based method. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4303-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4303-9DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Added value of arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging in pediatric neuroradiology: pitfalls and applications.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 17;49(2):245-253. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Radiology, Imaging Division, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Arterial spin labeling is a noninvasive, non-gadolinium-dependent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to assess cerebral blood flow. It provides insight into both tissue metabolic activity and vascular supply. Because of its non-sensitivity toward blood-brain barrier leakage, arterial spin labeling is also more accurate in cerebral blood flow quantification than gadolinium-dependent methods. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4269-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4269-7DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Active reviewers (from October 1, 2017 through September 30, 2018).

Authors:

Pediatr Radiol 2018 12;48(13):1827-1830

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4299-1DOI Listing
December 2018

Dual phase infusion with bolus tracking: technical innovation for cardiac and respiratory navigated magnetic resonance angiography using extracellular contrast.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 15;49(3):399-406. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, 555 University Ave., Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada.

This technical innovation paper describes a technique for performing cardiac-gated, respiratory-navigated cardiovascular magnetic resonance angiography using an extracellular gadolinium-based contrast agent at 1.5 Tesla (T) with a dual phase bolus injection and slow infusion technique. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4293-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4293-7DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Ulnar focal cortical indentation: a progressive, deforming variant of focal fibrocartilaginous dysplasia.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 15;49(2):187-195. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology,, Temple University Hospital, 3401 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: Focal fibrocartilaginous dysplasia is a rare growth disturbance of bone resulting in deformity. In the ulna, focal fibrocartilaginous dysplasia is particularly rare, and the characteristic fibroligamentous tether can result in progressive deformity with progressive dislocation of the radial head. The fibroligamentous tether is similar in appearance and function to the Vickers ligament seen in Madelung deformity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4294-6DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Parents' received and expected information about their child's radiation exposure during radiographic examinations.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 13;49(2):155-161. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Oulu University of Applied Sciences, Kiviharjuntie 4, 90220, Oulu, Finland.

Background: Despite regulations, insufficient information is provided to adult patients prior to their radiologic examinations. Information regarding paediatric patients has not been systematically studied.

Objective: To survey parents' experience and wishes for information in connection with their child's radiographic examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4300-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334726PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Diagnosis of osteoporotic vertebral fractures in children.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 12;49(3):283-296. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Academic Unit of Child Health, Department of Oncology and Metabolism, Medical School, Damer Street Building, Sheffield Children's Hospital, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TH, UK.

Osteoporosis is a generalised disorder of the skeleton with reduced bone density and abnormal bone architecture. It increases bone fragility and renders the individual susceptible to fractures. Fractures of the vertebrae are common osteoporotic fractures. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00247-018-4279-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4279-5DOI Listing
March 2019
20 Reads
1.651 Impact Factor

Ultrafast pediatric chest computed tomography: comparison of free-breathing vs. breath-hold imaging with and without anesthesia in young children.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Mar 9;49(3):301-307. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Radiology, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford University, 725 Welch Road, Room 1677 MC 5913, Stanford, CA, 94304, USA.

Background: General anesthesia (GA) or sedation has been used to obtain good-quality motion-free breath-hold chest CT scans in young children; however pulmonary atelectasis is a common and problematic accompaniment that can confound diagnostic utility. Dual-source multidetector CT permits ultrafast high-pitch sub-second examinations, minimizing motion artifact and potentially eliminating the need for a breath-hold.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of free-breathing ultrafast pediatric chest CT without GA and to compare it with breath-hold and non-breath-hold CT with GA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-018-4295-5DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
1.651 Impact Factor