83,951 results match your criteria Pathology - Squamous Cell Carcinoma


FAM134B promotes esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in vitro and its correlations with clinicopathologic features.

Hum Pathol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Cancer Molecular Pathology, School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia. Electronic address:

Family with sequence similarity 134, member B (FAM134B) is an autophagy regulator of endoplasmic reticulum first discovered to be involved in the pathogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The present study examined the functional behavior of FAM134B in cancer cells and the association of FAM134B expression with clinicopathologic factors in patients with ESCC. Expression at both the mRNA and protein levels was investigated using real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2018.11.033DOI Listing
February 2019

Correlation analysis between the SUVmax of FDG-PET/CT and clinicopathological characteristics in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2019 Feb 22:20180416. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1 Department of Radiology, 306 Hospital of PLA , Beijing , China.

Objectives:: To investigate the relationship between maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of F-FDG PET/CT and clinicopathological features of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), in order to formulate a better clinical guideline.

Methods:: In 104 patients with OSCC confirmed by pathology, there were 67 males and 37 females (age, 33 - 76 years; mean age, 56 years).F-FDG PET/CT manifestations and the clinicopathological features of the 104 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/dmfr.20180416DOI Listing
February 2019

Recurrence patterns of sinonasal cancers after a 5-year disease-free period.

Laryngoscope 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Objectives/hypothesis: Sinonasal cancers are rare but have a poor prognosis. Most previous studies of these cancers have focused on 5-year disease-free survival, but recurrences are also known to occur after this period. We examined the post-5-year recurrence patterns in sinonasal cancer patients by histologic type to determine the indicators for extended and close follow-up requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27866DOI Listing
February 2019

TLR5 and TLR7 are differentially expressed in human papillomavirus-positive and negative base of tongue squamous cell carcinoma, and TLR7 may have an independent prognostic influence.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 22:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Department of Oncology-Pathology , Karolinska Institute, CCK , Stockholm , Sweden.

Background: Human papillomavirus-positive (HPV) base of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (BOTSCC) has a better outcome than corresponding HPV cancer. TLR5 and TLR7 expression was previously shown to differ depending on HPV - status and correlate with outcome in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Aims/objectives: For validation, TLR5 and TLR7 were analyzed in a BOTSCC-cohort for correlation with HPV, survival, CD4 and CD8 tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) counts, the latter being a well-documented prognostic marker. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1552014DOI Listing
February 2019

DIAPH2 alterations increase cellular motility and may contribute to the metastatic potential of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Carcinogenesis 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Institute of Human Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Low 5-year survival rate in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is to large extent attributable to high rate of recurrences and metastases. Despite the importance of the latter process, its complex genetic background remains not fully understood. Recently, we identified two metastasis related candidates genes, DIAPH2 and DIAPH3 to be frequently targeted by hemizygous/homozygous deletions, respectively, in LSCC cell lines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgz035DOI Listing
February 2019

The Prognostic Impact of Grading in FIGO IB and IIB Squamous Cell Cervical Carcinomas.

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2019 Feb 18;79(2):198-204. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute of Pathology, Division of Gynecologic Pathology, University Leipzig, Germany.

Tumor grade is one of the more controversial factors, and the data regarding its prognostic impact in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix are controversial. The histological slides of 467 surgically treated FIGO stage IB1 to IIB cervical SCC were re-examined regarding the prognostic impact of the histological tumor grade based on the degree of keratinization (conventional tumor grade) according to the WHO recommendation on recurrence-free and overall survival as well as on the prediction of pelvic lymph node involvement. 46. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0828-7681
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0828-7681DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379165PMC
February 2019
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Successful Treatment of Generalized Eruptive Keratoacanthoma of Grzybowski with Acitretin.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Dermatology, Saint-Louis Hospital, AP-HP, INSERM U976, University of Paris 7 Paris Diderot, Paris, France.

Introduction: Keratoacanthomas (KA) are common cutaneous skin tumors originating from the hair follicles. Unlike squamous cell carcinoma, KA can regress spontaneously and have a benign evolution. Solitary KA is the most common form but familial multiple KA (Ferguson-Smith type), genetically predisposed KA (such as in xeroderma pigmentosum, or Muir-Torre syndrome), or sporadic multiple eruptive KA (Grzybowski type) have been described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13555-019-0287-0DOI Listing
February 2019

H3K9me3, H3K36me3, and H4K20me3 Expression Correlates with Patient Outcome in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma as Epigenetic Markers.

Dig Dis Sci 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Medical Genetics and Developmental Biology, Medical School of Southeast University, The Key Laboratory of Developmental Genes and Human Diseases, Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210009, China.

Background: Histone methylation, as an essential pattern of posttranslational modifications, contributes to multiple cancer-related biological processes. Dysregulation of histone methylation is now considered a biomarker for cancer prognosis.

Aims: This study investigated and evaluated the potential role of four histone lysine trimethylation markers as biomarkers for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-019-05529-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor in the treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor mutated squamous cell lung cancer: a tailored therapy approach.

Ann Transl Med 2019 Jan;7(1):14

Department of Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Udine, P.le S.M. Misericordia, Udine, Italy.

We reported the case of a male patient suffering from a metastatic squamous cell carcinoma, harboring a complex inframe deletion in exon 19 of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), treated with erlotinib and osimertinib and subsequently with immunotherapy. A 54-year-old male, with a light smoking history, presented in October 2015 with metastatic squamous cell lung cancer (SqCLC). Deletion p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/atm.2018.12.42DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351371PMC
January 2019

Extracellular vesicles derived from cancer-associated fibroblasts induce the migration and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

J Extracell Vesicles 2019 13;8(1):1578525. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Cancer and Translational Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.

As one of the most abundant constituents of the tumour microenvironment (TME), cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) display critical roles during tumour progression and metastasis. Multiple classes of molecules including growth factors, cytokines, proteases and extracellular matrix proteins, are produced by CAF to act as mediators of the stroma-tumour interactions. One of the main channels for this communication is associated with extracellular vesicles (EV), which are secreted particles loaded with protein and genetic information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20013078.2019.1578525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374932PMC
February 2019

Comprehensive clinical implications of homeobox A10 in 3,199 cases of non-small cell lung cancer tissue samples combining qRT-PCR, RNA sequencing and microarray data.

Am J Transl Res 2019 15;11(1):45-66. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Pathology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University Nanning 530021, Guangxi, Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

In the current study, we proposed to explore the potential role and related signaling pathways of Homobox A10 (HOXA10) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). HOXA10 levels in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) were detected by qRT-PCR and the expression of HOXA10 was significantly up-regulated in the NSCLC tissue of all 55 pairs (P = 0.037). Read More

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January 2019

Evaluation of Riboflavin Transporters as Targets for Drug Delivery and Theranostics.

Front Pharmacol 2019 6;10:79. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Institute for Experimental Molecular Imaging, University Clinic, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

The retention and cellular internalization of drug delivery systems and theranostics for cancer therapy can be improved by targeting molecules. Since an increased uptake of riboflavin was reported for various cancers, riboflavin and its derivatives may be promising binding moieties to trigger internalization via the riboflavin transporters (RFVT) 1, 2, and 3. Riboflavin is a vitamin with pivotal role in energy metabolism and indispensable for cellular growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.00079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372557PMC
February 2019

The benefit of taxane-based therapies over fluoropyrimidine plus platinum (FP) in the treatment of esophageal cancer: a meta-analysis of clinical studies.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2019 5;13:539-553. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Medical Oncology, Clinical Medical College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China,

Purpose: Fluoropyrimidine plus platinum (FP) is currently the standard treatment for esophageal cancer (EC). In recent years, taxane-based chemotherapy has also been used and has shown good efficacy in EC. This study aims to investigate the advantages of taxane-based over FP chemotherapy, as well as discuss its drawbacks, in the treatment of EC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S189514DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368118PMC
February 2019

Cervical Adenocarcinomas: A Heterogeneous Group of Tumors With Variable Etiologies and Clinical Outcomes.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2019 Jan;143(1):34-46

From the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (Dr Hodgson); and the Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (Dr Park).

Context.—: Cervical adenocarcinomas are a heterogeneous group of tumors with varying morphologies, etiologies, molecular drivers, and prognoses, comprising approximately 25% of all cervical cancers. Unlike cervical squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinomas are not uniformly caused by high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and, therefore, would not necessarily be prevented by the HPV vaccine. Read More

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http://www.archivesofpathology.org/doi/10.5858/arpa.2018-025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2018-0259-RADOI Listing
January 2019
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Current Status of p16 Immunohistochemistry and HPV Testing in Fine Needle Aspiration Specimens of the Head and Neck.

Acta Cytol 2019 Feb 15:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pathology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,

Human papilloma virus (HPV)-related squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is biologically unique and has a better prognosis than conventional SCC of the head and neck. p16 immunohistochemistry emerged as a valuable surrogate marker for HPV in oropharyngeal SCC. The criteria for a positive p16 result in tissue specimens are well established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496158DOI Listing
February 2019

NUT carcinoma in a nutshell: A diagnosis to be considered more frequently.

Pathol Res Pract 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Institute of Pathology, Heidelberg University Hospital, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 224, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

NUT carcinoma is a rarely diagnosed, poorly differentiated subtype of squamous cell carcinoma, defined by chromosomal rearrangements of the gene encoding nuclear protein of the testis (NUT). It is characterized by extremely aggressive clinical behavior resulting in a dismal prognosis, with a median survival of 6.7 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2019.01.043DOI Listing
January 2019

Prediction of lymph node metastasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma based on protein profile.

Expert Rev Proteomics 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

a Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head & Neck Oncology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital & College of Stomatology , Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine ; Shanghai 200011 , China.

Objective: Lymph node metastasis leads to high mortality rates of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, it is still controversial to define clinically negative neck (cN0) and positive neck (cN1-3).

Methods: We retrieved candidate biomarkers identified by proteomic analysis in OSCC from published literatures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14789450.2019.1584039DOI Listing
February 2019

Cervical cancer screening in rural India: Status & current concepts.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Dec;148(6):687-696

ICMR-National Institute of Cancer and Prevention Research, Noida, India.

Cervical carcinoma is one of the most common and dreaded diseases of women, and in India, it accounts for 16 per cent of total cervical cancer cases occurring globally. The situation is more alarming in the rural areas where the majority of women are illiterate and ignorant about the hazards of cervical cancer. Different screening strategies such as rural cancer registries and camp approach for cancer detection have been found useful in minimizing the problem of cervical cancer in the villages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_5_17DOI Listing
December 2018

LncRNA MINCR activates Wnt/β-catenin signals to promote cell proliferation and migration in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Pathol Res Pract 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Oncology, Sichuan Cancer Hospital & Institute, Sichuan Cancer Center, Chengdu, Sichuan 610000, China.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common type of malignant oral cancer with high recurrence. MYC-induced long non-coding RNA (MINCR) has been reported as a tumor suppressor in liver cancer and lung cancer. Whereas, it is unknown whether MINCR exerted function in OSCC progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2019.01.041DOI Listing
January 2019

Defining optimum surgical margins in buccoalveolar squamous cell carcinoma.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Head & Neck Surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Surgical margin is one of the most important prognostic factors in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma. There have been studies which refute the standard practice of considering 5 mm (mm) margin as free. Therefore we aimed to evaluate the impact of each mm of margin on the local recurrence free survival (LRFS) and to obtain a cut-off value which would impact the survival the most. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2019.01.224DOI Listing
February 2019

High resolution MRI of nail tumors and tumor-like conditions.

Eur J Radiol 2019 Mar 6;112:93-105. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Division of Radiology, Department of Imaging and Medical Informatics, Geneva University Hospitals, University of Geneva, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva 14, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Although the nail is a small anatomical structure, it can be affected by various tumors and tumor-like conditions. Because of the distinctive nail anatomy, the clinical presentation of tumors is modified, thus rendering the diagnosis challenging. As nail biopsy and surgery are painful procedures associated with an increased risk of permanent onychodystrophy, pre-operative diagnosis is desirable. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0720048X193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2019.01.004DOI Listing
March 2019
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PD-L1 Expression Reveals Significant Association With Squamous Differentiation in Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma.

Am J Clin Pathol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Objectives: Limited literature is available on the tumor microenvironment (TM) of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). This study comprehensively reviews programmed death 1 receptor (PD-1)-positive and CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression on tumor epithelium (TE).

Methods: Seventy-two nephroureterectomy specimens were analyzed for PD-L1, PD-1, and CD8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/aqz002DOI Listing
February 2019

Transoral flexible laryngoscope biopsy: Safety and accuracy.

World J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Mar 17;5(1):30-33. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of ENT Head & Neck Surgery, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical College & Lyari General Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the accuracy of transoral flexible laryngoscope (TFL) biopsy and also to identify the safety as office based procedure in terms of complications.

Methods: This is a diagnostic study; the type of intervention is outpatient department based biopsy of laryngeal lesions. All patients seen in ENT outpatient department of Lyari General Hospital with suspicious lesions of Larynx were referred for Transoral Flexible Laryngoscopy Biopsy under local anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wjorl.2018.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364665PMC

Clinical significances and diagnostic utilities of both miR-215 and squamous cell carcinoma antigen-IgM versus alpha-fetoprotein in Egyptian patients with hepatitis C virus-induced hepatocellular carcinoma.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2019 1;12:51-66. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. It has been widely established that the early detection of HCC enables more treatment options with improvements in prognosis and survival.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of both circulating miR-215 and squamous cell carcinoma antigen-IgM (SCCA-IgM) as serum biomarkers for HCC by examining their diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and predictive values in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced HCC patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CEG.S179832DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362918PMC
February 2019

[Expression of hUTP14a in non-small cell lung cancer].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019 Feb;51(1):145-150

Department of Cell Biology, Peking University School of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: Human U three protein 14a (hUTP14a) facilitates tumorigenesis through promoting p53 and Rb degradation as well as enhancing c-Myc oncogenic activity. Moreover, hUTP14a expression is up-regulated in human hepatocellular cancer and colorectal cancer tissues. In this study, the expression of hUTP14a in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues was evaluated by immunohistochemistry staining (IHC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19723/j.issn.1671-167X.2019.01.025DOI Listing
February 2019

[DNA cytometry of exfoliated cells in the diagnosis of oral potential malignant disorders].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019 Feb;51(1):16-20

Department of Oral Medicine, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China.

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of oral mucosa disease, especially oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral potential malignant disorders (OPMDs) by DNA cytometry compared with histopathological diagnosis, so as to find a convenient, simple and low-invasive method for screening and follow-up.

Methods: 203 subjects with OSCC, OPMDs and other oral mucosa disease without dysplasia according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria were recruited from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. The mean age was (52. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19723/j.issn.1671-167X.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Successful treatment with trastuzumab in HER2-positive squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Oral Oncol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Head and Neck Cancer, Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus, Villejuif, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2019.02.008DOI Listing
February 2019

A Novel Approach to Detect Programed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Status and Multiple Tumor Mutations Using a Single Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Bronchoscopy Specimen.

J Mol Diagn 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

School of Health & Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Multiple biomarkers are under evaluation to guide the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including programed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) tumor cell staining. We have developed a new approach that accurately quantifies PD-L1 status and identifies multiple mutations by using a single bronchoscopy specimen. A novel molecular marker was identified to detect the presence of malignant cells in radial endobronchial ultrasound bronchial brushings from NSCLC (n = 15) and benign (n = 13) nodules by quantitative real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmoldx.2018.10.001DOI Listing
February 2019
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Viral genome integration of canine papillomavirus 16.

Papillomavirus Res 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pathology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.

Papillomaviruses infect humans and animals, most often causing benign proliferations on skin or mucosal surfaces. Rarely, these infections persist and progress to cancer. In humans, this transformation most often occurs with high-risk papillomaviruses, where viral integration is a critical event in carcinogenesis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24058521183012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pvr.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Metformin Induces Human Esophageal Carcinoma Cell Pyroptosis by Targeting the miR-497/PELP1 Axis.

Cancer Lett 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Institute of Precision Cancer Medicine and Pathology, And Department of Pathology, Jinan University Medical College, Guangzhou, China; Department of Immunotherapy and Tumor Tissue Bank, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Evasion of apoptosis is a major contributing factor to the development of chemo- and radiotherapy resistance. Therefore, activation of non-apoptotic programmed cell death (PCD) could be an effective alternative against apoptosis-resistant cancers. In this study, we demonstrated in vitro and in vivo that metformin can induce pyroptosis, a non-apoptotic PCD, in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), a commonly known chemo-refractory cancer, especially at its advanced stages. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03043835193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2019.02.014DOI Listing
February 2019
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The stem cell markers expression CD44v6 and podoplanin in lip cancer: clinical significance.

Virchows Arch 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Surgery, Stomatology, Pathology and Radiology, Area of Pathology, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Alameda Octávio Pinheiro Brisola, 9-75, Bauru, SP, 17012-901, Brazil.

This study aimed to analyze the immunoexpression of cancer stem cell markers, CD44v6, and podoplanin in 91 patients with lip squamous cell carcinomas (LSCC). The immunostaining of podoplanin and CD44v6 was evaluated in ten high-power fields (× 400 magnification) at the invasive front of LSCC, using a semi-quantitative score method. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used to verify the association of podoplanin and CD44v6 expressions with clinicopathologic variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-019-02539-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Prognostic impact of mRNA levels of LGR5 transcript variants in OSCC patients.

BMC Cancer 2019 Feb 15;19(1):155. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Plastic Surgery, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube-Str, 40 06097, Halle/Saale, Germany.

Background: The human leucine-rich, repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) is a stem cell marker in numerous adult tissues and is overexpressed in a large number of human carcinoma including colon cancer, breast cancer and oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). The role of the full length transcript (LGR5FL) in progression and prognosis of several cancers was reported. However, the biological function of three splice variants of LGR5 (LGR5Δ5, LGR5Δ8 and LGR5Δ5-8) has yet to be thoroughly investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5327-8DOI Listing
February 2019
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Application of diffusion-weighted MR imaging with ADC measurement for distinguishing between the histopathological types of sinonasal neoplasms.

Clin Imaging 2019 Feb 7;55:76-82. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the potential contribution of quantitative DWI parameters including ADC and ADC values to help in distinguishing the histopathological types of sinonasal neoplasms.

Methods: This retrospective study included 83 patients (50 males, 33 females; mean age 61 years) with pathologically proven untreated sinonasal neoplasms who have undergone diffusion-weighted MRI imaging from February 2010 to August 2017. Diffusion-weighted MRI was performed on a 3 T unit with b factors of 0 and 1000 s/mm, and ADC maps were generated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Multicenter Trial of [F]fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Staging of Head and Neck Cancer and Negative Predictive Value and Surgical Impact in the N0 Neck: Results From ACRIN 6685.

J Clin Oncol 2019 Feb 15:JCO1801182. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

10 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to determine the negative predictive value (NPV) of positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for the clinically N0 neck on the basis of neck dissection.

Methods: Participants with newly diagnosed, first-time, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and at least one clinically N0 neck side for which dissection was planned were included. A total of 287 participants were prospectively enrolled from 23 American College of Radiology Imaging Network-qualified institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.18.01182DOI Listing
February 2019
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The Relevance of Assessing the Cell Proliferation Factor Ki-67 in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx.

Biomed Res Int 2019 15;2019:8142572. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department for Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Kresimirova 42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia.

The aim of study was to investigate the expression of the proliferation factor Ki-67 and its relationship with histological grade, cancer stage, and treatment outcome in squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. Samples from 78 patients with laryngeal cancer were analysed retrospectively. Paraffin sections of tumors were immunohistochemically stained for Ki-67 expression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8142572DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350589PMC
January 2019

Squamous cell carcinoma of upper alveolus: An experience of a tertiary care center of Northeast India.

South Asian J Cancer 2019 Jan-Mar;8(1):44-46

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Dr. B Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati, Assam, India.

Objective: The main objective of this study was to analyze the clinical behavior and the impact of nodal metastasis on the prognosis of upper alveolus squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

Materials And Methods: The medical records of 110 patients with SCC of the upper alveolus (International Classification of Diseases-10-C03.0) diagnosed during 2010-2015 were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sajc.sajc_66_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348776PMC
February 2019

Molecular pathways of oral cancer that predict prognosis and survival: A systematic review.

J Carcinog 2018 31;17. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Several genes and pathways associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are significant in terms of early detection and prognosis. The objective of this literature review is to evaluate the current research on molecular pathways and genes involved in oral cancer. Articles on the genes involved in oral cancer pathways were evaluated to identify potential biomarkers that can predict survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcar.JCar_17_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334533PMC
December 2018

Predictors of Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia and Conjunctival Squamous Cell Carcinoma among Ugandan Patients: A Hospital-based Study.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jul-Dec;25(3-4):150-155

Department of Ophthalmology, Mbarara University of Science and Technology and Ruharo Eye Centre, Mbarara, Uganda.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the predictors of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) and conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) among Ugandan patients.

Materials And Methods: Patients presenting for removal of ocular surface lesions received human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, completed questionnaires about demographic, behavioral, and historical potential risk factors for conjunctival neoplasia, and had lesions examined for interpalpebral versus other locations, rough versus smooth texture, and number of feeder vessels. Biopsies were classified pathologically using standard definitions classified OSSN and SCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_187_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348942PMC
February 2019

Interferon-stimulated gene 15 modulates cell migration by interacting with Rac1 and contributes to lymph node metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells.

Oncogene 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

National Institute of Cancer Research, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, Taiwan.

In an effort to understand the underlying mechanisms of lymph node metastasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), through in vivo selection, LN1-1 cells were previously established from OEC-M1 cells and showed enhanced lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis capabilities. In the current study, we use a stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)-based proteomic platform to compare LN1-1 to OEC-M1 cells. Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) was found highly expressed in LN1-1 cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41388-019-0731-8DOI Listing
February 2019

A case report of application of posterior pharyngeal flap in resection and reconstruction of posterior pharyngeal wall carcinomas located at the level of the cricoid cartilage.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(7):e14412

Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Rationale: posterior pharyngeal wall carcinomas located at the level of the cricoid cartilage is a rare occurrence. Surgical treatment is a dilemma owing to the retention of laryngeal function PATIENT CONCERNS:: A 56-year-old man underwent a "resection of left cervical tumor" at another hospital. Postoperative pathological report noted a left metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the neck. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014412DOI Listing
February 2019
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A first case of primary gastric verrucous carcinoma with isolated squamous epithelium in the stomach.

Virchows Arch 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Pathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, 3-18-22, Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8677, Japan.

Primary gastric squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare histological subtype of gastric cancer. Here, we report the first case of primary gastric verrucous carcinoma (VC), a well-differentiated variant of SCC. Gastroscopy revealed a papillary polypoid lesion at the posterior wall of the upper gastric body and isolated squamous epithelium at the greater curvature of the fornix in a 78-year-old woman. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00428-019-02542-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-019-02542-8DOI Listing
February 2019
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MGL Ligand Expression Is Correlated to Lower Survival and Distant Metastasis in Cervical Squamous Cell and Adenosquamous Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2019 29;9:29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, Netherlands.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer type in women worldwide and is characterized by a highly immune-suppressive microenvironment. Here, we describe aberrant glycosylation as a factor mediating this immunosuppressive microenvironment. Expression of a specific carbohydrate ligand for the immune-regulatory C-type lectin MGL was correlated to poor disease-specific survival and distant recurrences in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC), the most common histological subtypes of cervical cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2019.00029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361794PMC
January 2019

Analyzing the post-contrast attenuation of the esophageal wall on routine contrast-enhanced MDCT examination can improve the diagnostic accuracy in response evaluation of the squamous cell esophageal carcinoma to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in comparison with the esophageal wall thickness.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

First Surgery University Clinic, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of the multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in the response evaluation of the esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) by analyzing the thickness and post-contrast attenuation of the esophageal wall after the nCRT.

Methods: Contrast-enhanced (CE)-MDCT examinations in portal venous phase of one hundred patients with locally advanced ESCC who received nCRT and underwent esophageal resection and histopathology assessment of tumor regression grade (TRG) were retrospectively analyzed by measuring the maximal thickness and mean density of the esophageal wall in the segment involved by tumor and visually searching for hyperdense foci within it. Diagnostic performance was evaluated using the ROC analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-01911-wDOI Listing
February 2019

ANXA10 induction by interaction with tumor-associated macrophages promotes the growth of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Pathol Int 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Pathology, Department of Pathology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have important roles in the growth, angiogenesis and progression of various tumors. Although we have demonstrated the association of an increased number of infiltrating CD204 TAMs with poor prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs), the roles of TAMs in ESCC remain unclear. Here, to study the effects of TAMs on the tumor microenvironment of ESCCs, we established a co-culture assay using a human ESCC cell line and TAM-like peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages and performed a cDNA microarray analysis between monocultured and co-cultured ESCC cell lines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pin.12771DOI Listing
February 2019

Roles of Ki-67 and p16 as biomarkers for unknown primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Human Pathology, Division of Pathology and Microbiology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Itabashi-ku, 173-8610, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: Treatment guidelines have not been established for unknown primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). For these patients, chemoradiotherapy (CRT) can provide a better prognosis than that for patients with other head and neck cancers. The presence of HPV in the tumor is associated with a better outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05338-3DOI Listing
February 2019

A p53-stabilizing agent, CP-31398, induces p21 expression with increased G2/M phase through the YY1 transcription factor in esophageal carcinoma defective of the p53 pathway.

Am J Cancer Res 2019 1;9(1):79-93. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Division of Pathology and Cell Therapy, Chiba Cancer Center Research Institute 666-2 Nitona, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8717, Japan.

Restoration of p53 functions is one of the therapeutic strategies for esophageal carcinoma which is often defective of the p53 pathway. We examined effects of CP-31398 which potentially increased expression of wild-type p53 or converted mutated p53 to the wild-type. We used 9 kinds of human squamous esophageal carcinoma cells with different genotypes and examined expression of p53 and the related molecules in CP-31398-treated cells. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356922PMC
January 2019
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High IDO1 Expression Is Associated with Poor Outcome in Patients with Anal Cancer Treated with Definitive Chemoradiotherapy.

Oncologist 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Background: This study characterizes the tumor-immune microenvironment in pretreatment, localized anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC), including two markers that have not previously been studied in ASCC: indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective review identified 63 patients with ASCC receiving definitive chemoradiation between 2005 and 2016 with pretreatment tissue available. Immunohistochemistry was used to quantify cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8), programmed cell death protein 1, programmed death-ligand 1, HLA class I, and IDO1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2018-0794DOI Listing
February 2019

Wine cup stoma anastomosis after extended sleeve lobectomy for central-type squamous cell lung cancer.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Feb 12;14(1):36. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Chest Surgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan.

Background: Extended sleeve lobectomy is rarely applied to pulmonary surgery for primary lung cancer to avoid a pneumonectomy. As there is a size discrepancy between main bronchus and peripheral bronchus, ingenuity to improve anastomosis is required in the bronchoplasty. We report herein a case in which successful reconstruction of extended sleeve lobectomy with bronchial wall flap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-019-0857-3DOI Listing
February 2019
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MiR-223-3p functions as a tumor suppressor in lung squamous cell carcinoma by miR-223-3p-mutant p53 regulatory feedback loop.

J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2019 Feb 12;38(1):74. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230001, People's Republic of China.

Background: MicroRNAs have an important role in diverse biological processes including tumorigenesis. MiR-223 has been reported to be deregulated in several human cancer types. However, its biological role has not been functionally characterized in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Read More

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https://jeccr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13046-019-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13046-019-1079-1DOI Listing
February 2019
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Association of genetic variants in CHEK2 with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma in the South African Black population.

Carcinogenesis 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Sydney Brenner Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a high incidence in southern Africa and a poor prognosis. Limited information is available on the contribution of genetic variants in susceptibility to OSCC in this region. However recent genome-wide association studies have identified multiple susceptibility loci in Asian and European populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgz026DOI Listing
February 2019