84,711 results match your criteria Pathology - Squamous Cell Carcinoma


Efficacy of endoscopic-guided fine-needle aspiration in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal spindle cell tumors.

Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Aug;46(8):663-669

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Background: Spindle cell neoplasms of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract constitute a wide group of lesions that may raise diagnostic difficulties on hematoxylin-eosin-stained slides. Appropriate endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) technique with sufficient cell block material for immunohistochemistry (IHC) can lead to accurate diagnosis.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of 29 cases obtained from our institution's records over a five-year period (2011-2015). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.23976DOI Listing

Diagnostic value of CD34 and calretinin immunostaining in the diagnosis of proliferating tricholemmal tumor and trichoblastoma.

Int J Dermatol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Robert J. Tomsich Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: Proliferating tricholemmal tumor (PTT) is a rare neoplasm of controversial biological behavior for which distinction from other more common tumors is essential. Similarly, trichoblastoma (TB) remains a debatable entity that may represent a variation of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Our goal is to correlate the staining pattern of calretinin and CD34 in these two follicular tumors vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.14461DOI Listing

Reply to 'Comment on "Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis"'.

Br J Cancer 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway, 9037, Tromsø, Norway.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41416-019-0460-3DOI Listing

Non-muscle myosin II as a predictive factor in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Departmentof Oral Pathology School of Dentistry Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Av Ramiro Barcelos 2492/503 - 90035-003 - Porto Alegre Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Background: The present study attempted to provide information regarding non-muscle myosin II (MII) isoforms immunoreactivity in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and analysis of the patients' clinical status after 5 years of monitoring.

Material And Methods: A semiquantitative analysis of the immunoreactivity of the MII isoforms was performed in 54 surgical specimens and its correlation with clinical and pathological variables and prognosis was verified. Data were analyzed using chi-square, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/medoral.22898DOI Listing

FDG PET/CT for metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary of the head and neck.

Authors:
Yiyan Liu

Oral Oncol 2019 May 19;92:46-51. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Nuclear Medicine Service, Department of Radiology, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The role of FDG PET/CT is uncertain in squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary (SCCUP). Published data are limited by heterogeneity of pathology, varied diagnostic criteria, and small sample size.

Materials/methods: This retrospective study was conducted in 40 patients who had FDG PET/CT for SCCUP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2019.03.014DOI Listing

Machine learning to predict occult nodal metastasis in early oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Oral Oncol 2019 May 16;92:20-25. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Kansas School of Medicine, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard M.S. 3010, Kansas City, KS, USA.

Objectives: To develop and validate an algorithm to predict occult nodal metastasis in clinically node negative oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) using machine learning. To compare algorithm performance to a model based on tumor depth of invasion (DOI).

Materials And Methods: Patients who underwent primary tumor extirpation and elective neck dissection from 2007 to 2013 for clinical T1-2N0 OCSCC were identified from the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Fibrillin-1, a novel TGF-beta-induced factor, is preferentially expressed in metaplastic carcinoma with spindle sarcomatous metaplasia.

Pathology 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Graduate Institute of Pathology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

TGF-β induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is involved in tumour progression. This study aims to identify and characterise novel factors potentially related to TGF-β-mediated tumour aggression in breast cancer. We treated the human mammary epithelial cell line MCF10A with TGF-β and observed TGF-β-dependent upregulation of FBN1, involving demethylation of CpG sites, in MCF10A cells undergoing EMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2019.02.001DOI Listing

Concurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Presenting as an Enlarging Neck Mass.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2019 Jan-Dec;7:2324709619842904

1 University of Florida Jacksonville, FL, USA.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients are at an increased risk for developing more aggressive lymphomas via Richter's transformation and of developing secondary malignancies. Despite the known association for secondary cancers, oropharyngeal cancers occur rarely. We present a case of a woman with a history of CLL who presented to our facility via transfer for impending airway compromise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709619842904DOI Listing

Immunophenotype of T Cells Expressing Programmed Death-1 and Cytotoxic T Cell Antigen-4 in Early Lung Cancer: Local vs. Systemic Immune Response.

Cancers (Basel) 2019 Apr 21;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Diseases and Allergy, Medical University of Warsaw, ul. Banacha 1a, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland.

The overexpression of programmed death-1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T cell antigen 4 (CTLA-4) receptors on T cells are among the major mechanisms of tumor immunoevasion. However, the expression pattern of these receptors on T cell subpopulations of a different activation status and at different sites is poorly characterized. Thus, we analyzed the expression of PD-1 and CTLA-4 on the naïve, activated, memory, and activated memory T cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers11040567DOI Listing

Rare Breast Malignancy Subtypes: A Cytological, Histological, and Immunohistochemical Correlation.

Niger J Surg 2019 Jan-Jun;25(1):70-75

Department of Pathology, GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India.

Background: Breast malignancies encompass various subtypes which differ in their clinical presentations, outcomes, and response to the treatment regimens. Thus, a proper histological diagnosis and a special mention of the rare histologic subtypes are required to formulate clear recommendations of their treatment protocols.

Materials And Methods: This is a 1-year retrospective study highlighting the rarely encountered subtypes on the mastectomy specimens received. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njs.NJS_27_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452754PMC

Head and neck carcinoma of unknown primary.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Département d'orl et chirurgie cervico faciale, hôpital universitaire Gui de Chauliac, université de Montpellier, CHRU de Montpellier, 80, avenue Augustin-Fliche, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France.

In adult cervicofacial pathology, carcinoma of unknown primary is defined as lymph-node metastasis the anatomic origin of which is not known at the time of initial management. It constitutes up to 5% of head and neck cancers. Presentation may suggest benign pathology, delaying and confusing oncologic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2019.04.002DOI Listing

HPV detection and genotyping of head and neck cancer biopsies by molecular testing with regard to the new oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma classification based on HPV status.

Pathology 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Laboratoire de virologie, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, and Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; Faculté de Médecine Paris Descartes, Université Paris Descartes (Paris V), Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Recently, both the World Health Organization/International Agency for Research on Cancer (WHO/IARC) and the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) have classified oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) on the basis of HPV status. For this purpose, the WHO/IARC recommended direct molecular HPV testing. In practice, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) biopsy specimens are frequently the only available samples. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00313025183059
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2019.02.002DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

MDM2 copy number increase: A poor prognostic, molecular event in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Hum Pathol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan; Institute of Liver Studies, King's College Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address:

The present study aimed to elucidate the clinicopathological significance of molecular alterations in MDM2 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A total of 399 resected cases of ESCC were examined by dual-color in situ hybridization (DISH) for MDM2 and immunohistochemistry for p53 using tissue microarrays. Clinicopathological features were correlated with the MDM2 status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2019.04.002DOI Listing

A constitutional activating MET mutation makes the genetic link between malignancies and chronic inflammatory diseases.

Clin Cancer Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Inserm U1165, University Paris 7.

Purpose: The genesis of all cancers results from an accumulation of mutations, constitutional and/or acquired when induced by external mutagenic factors. High-speed technologies for genome sequencing have completely changed the study of disease genetics, but with limited knowledge of the functional value of most genetic changes.

Experimental Design: Here, we proposed an innovative individual approach by studying tissue samples from a young woman with an unusual association of breast cancer, polycythemia vera and rheumatoid arthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-3261DOI Listing

Increasing incidence rates of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in Germany and significance of disease burden attributed to human papillomavirus.

Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Cologne.

Increasing incidences of head and neck cancers and rising proportions of these associated with human papilloma virus (HPV), especially in the oropharynx, have been reported in international studies. So far, the trends and contribution of HPV to the number of newly diagnosed cases of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCC) in Germany are uncertain. We investigated HPV association and incidence rates in a cohort of consecutively included patients with OPSCC in Giessen 2000-2017, and compared our results with regional (Giessen and the federal state of Hesse), national (Germany) and international (USA) databases. Read More

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http://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/lookup/doi/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-19-0098DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Innervation of cervical carcinoma is mediated by cancer-derived exosomes.

Gynecol Oncol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Sanford Research, Cancer Biology and Immunotherapy Group, 2301 East 60th St north, Sioux Falls, SD 57104, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Recently, our laboratory identified sensory innervation within head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and subsequently defined a mechanism whereby HNSCCs promote their own innervation via the release of exosomes that stimulate neurite outgrowth. Interestingly, we noted that exosomes from human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cell lines were more effective at promoting neurite outgrowth than those from HPV-negative cell lines. As nearly all cervical tumors are HPV-positive, we hypothesized that these findings would extend to cervical cancer. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00908258193114
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2019.04.651DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Double-Edged Sword-How Human Papillomaviruses Interact With Immunity in Head and Neck Cancer.

Front Immunol 2019 2;10:653. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology (Sichuan University), Chengdu, China.

Patients with human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have remarkably better prognosis, which differs from HPV-negative oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) with respect to clinical, genomic, molecular, and immunological aspects, especially having the characteristics of high levels of immune cell infiltration and high degrees of immunosuppression. This review will summarize immune evasion mechanisms in HPV-positive HNSCC, analyze the host various immune responses to HPV and abundant numbers of infiltrating immune cell, and discuss the differences between HPV-positive HNSCC with cervical cancer. A deeper understanding of the immune landscape will help new concepts to emerge in immune-checkpoint oncology, which might be a valuable add-on to established concepts. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00653
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00653DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454067PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Association of wheat chaff derived silica fiber and esophageal cancer in north China.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2019 Apr 15;178:79-85. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, 7 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address:

Background: Despite decades of research and intervention programs, the epidemic of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in the Taihang Mountain area of north China has not seen convincing explanation by any risk factor yet and the incidence has not seen a substantial decrease. Based on recently disclosed association of aridity and wheat consumption with esophageal cancer, we revisited the hypothesis of biogenic silica in esophageal cancer development.

Methods: From the archives of the Pathology Department of Heping Hospital, Changzhi Medical College, we selected three pairs of formalin-fixed samples, tumor tissues and distant normal tissues, of three patients operated for ESCC who had no history of workplace exposure to silica dust. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01476513193045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.04.031DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence of p53 dysregulations in feline oral squamous cell carcinoma and non-neoplastic oral mucosa.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215621. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Ozzano Emilia, Bologna, Italy.

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignant oral tumor in cats. The late presentation is one of the factors contributing to the detrimental prognosis of this disease. The immunohistochemical expression of the p53 tumor suppressor protein has been reported in 24% to 65% of feline oral squamous cell carcinomas, but no study has systematically evaluated in this tumor the presence of p53 encoding gene (TP53) mutations. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215621PLOS

Differential expression of Helios, Neuropilin-1 and FoxP3 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients.

3 Biotech 2019 May 16;9(5):178. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Life Sciences, B S Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, GST Road, Vandalur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600048 India.

In recent years, studies have begun to explore the immune involvement in head and neck tumors. Advanced stage head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has a poor prognosis with low survival rates with high level of immune infiltrates. Tregs (regulatory T cells) play a crucial role in constructing an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13205-019-1707-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6468022PMC

Mature cystic teratoma of ovary with squamous cell carcinoma arising from it.

Authors:
Sushna Maharjan

Clin Case Rep 2019 Apr 19;7(4):668-671. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pathology Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital Chitwan Nepal.

Clinicians, pathologists, and radiologists should be aware of rare malignant ovarian tumors arising in mature cystic teratoma (MCT). Suspicion should be raised if the patient is elderly, the tumor is huge, and the tumor has large solid foci. However, malignant transformations in MCTs in younger women have been reported. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ccr3.2062
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452486PMC
April 2019
1 Read

A Six-Gene-Based Prognostic Model Predicts Survival in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2019 Jun 24;18(2):320-327. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

3Department of Pathology, The University of Iowa, 500 Newton Road, #ML 1132, Iowa City, IA 52242-5000 USA.

Background And Objective: Head and neck cancer is a malignant tumor that begins in the head and neck region, and has the sixth highest incidence worldwide. Previous studies have indicated several prognostic markers for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), but due to poor accuracy and sensitivity of these clinical characteristic markers attention has been gradually switched to molecular biomarkers. This study aimed to sort out the mRNAs correlated with patient survival time to establish an mRNA combination prognostic biomarker model for HNSCC patient risk stratification, providing optimal therapeutic regimens and improving patient prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12663-019-01187-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441444PMC

Diagnostic Significance of HRAS Mutations in Epithelial-Myoepithelial Carcinomas Exhibiting a Broad Histopathologic Spectrum.

Am J Surg Pathol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Departments of.

Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is a rare salivary gland tumor that is histologically characterized by biphasic tubular structures composed of inner ductal and outer clear myoepithelial cells. Because of its histologic variety, it is sometimes challenging to make an accurate diagnosis, and useful ancillary tests are essential for this purpose. We investigated 87 cases of EMC arising in the major and minor salivary glands and seromucinous glands in the nasal cavity or bronchus to describe the histologic features and mutation status of selected key oncogenes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAS.0000000000001258DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Combined Modality Management of Sinonasal Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma in a Young Adult-Report of a Rare Case.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

3 Department of Medical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Sinonasal anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) without nodal involvement is extremely rare and the rarity of this tumor often leads to diagnostic dilemma. It has been predominantly reported in pediatric, adolescent and young adult patients, mostly of Asian origin. A 21-year-old female patient presented with history of epistaxis for 1 year. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jayao.2018.0158
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jayao.2018.0158DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Cancer-derived exosomal miR-221-3p promotes angiogenesis by targeting THBS2 in cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

Angiogenesis 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, 510120, Guangzhou, China.

Aims: Recently, cancer-derived exosomes were shown to have pro-metastasis function in cancer, but the mechanism remains unclear. Angiogenesis is essential for tumor progression and is a great promising therapeutic target for advanced cervical cancer. Here, we investigated the role of cervical cancer cell-secreted exosomal miR-221-3p in tumor angiogenesis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10456-019-09665-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10456-019-09665-1DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads
4.876 Impact Factor

Independent validation of tumour volume, cancer stem cell markers and hypoxia-associated gene expressions for HNSCC after primary radiochemotherapy.

Clin Transl Radiat Oncol 2019 May 18;16:40-47. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

German Cancer Consortium (DKTK) Partner Site Dresden, Germany and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Objective: To independently validate the impact of tumour volume, p16 status, cancer stem cell (CSC) marker expression and hypoxia-associated gene signatures as potential prognostic biomarkers for patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), who underwent primary radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy (RCTx). These markers have previously been reported in a study of the German Cancer Consortium Radiation Oncology Group (DKTK-ROG) (Linge et al., 2016). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24056308183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctro.2019.03.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449705PMC
May 2019
2 Reads

Utility of DNA-Specific Stains in Micronuclei Assay as a Marker of Genotoxicity in Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

J Cytol 2019 Apr-Jun;36(2):111-115

Department of Oral Pathology, I.T.S-CDSR, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: The term oral potentially malignant disorder (OPMD) was recommended to refer to precancer as it conveys that not all disorders described under this term may transform into cancer. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) arises through an accumulation of genetic alterations, deoxy ribonucleic acid (DNA) changes, and epigenetic alterations. Thus, a simple yet a sensitive and specific test for early diagnosis is the need of an hour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JOC.JOC_230_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425778PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Image-guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Intrathoracic Lesions.

J Cytol 2019 Apr-Jun;36(2):106-110

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Background: Percutaneous, image-guided transthoracic fine needle aspiration cytology (TTFNAC) is a rapid, yet accurate, and well-established diagnostic method used in the cytological evaluation of intrathoracic lesions. The study was done to determine the utility of image-guided TTFNAC in diagnosis of intrathoracic lesions.

Subjects And Methods: A retrospective analysis of all cases who underwent image-guided TTFNAC of a suspected intrathoracic lesion, in a tertiary care hospital was done over a period of 3 years. Read More

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http://www.jcytol.org/text.asp?2019/36/2/106/251452
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JOC.JOC_187_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425786PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Neoadjuvant versus definitive chemoradiation in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.

Radiat Oncol 2019 Apr 16;14(1):66. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University Munich, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675, Munich, Germany.

Background: Multimodal treatment with neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery (nCRT + S) is the treatment of choice for patients with locally advanced or node-positive esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (E-SCC). Those who are unsuitable or who decline surgery can be treated with definitive chemoradiation (dCRT). This study compares the oncologic outcome of nCRT + S and dCRT in E-SCC patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13014-019-1270-8DOI Listing

[Outcome of neck dissection for 154 cN0/cN1 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of hypopharynx and prognostic analysis].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;54(4):272-279

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China.

To determine the relationship between nodal disease distribution patterns and oncological outcome and optimum management of cN0/cN1 patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC). The collected clinical data and the follow-up disease-free survival (DFS) information from 154 patients with HPSCC treated between 2001 and 2014 in Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate DFS rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.04.007DOI Listing

F-FDG-PET Can Predict Microvessel Density in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Cancers (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 18, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

: Positron emission tomography (PET) with F-fluordeoxyglucose (F-FDG) plays an essential role in the staging and tumor monitoring of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Microvessel density (MVD) is one of the clinically important histopathological features in HNSCC. The purpose of this study was to analyze possible associations between F-FDG-PET findings and MVD parameters in HNSCC. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6694/11/4/543
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers11040543DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Induction of squamous cell carcinoma after MAP3K8 overexpression in murine salivary gland epithelial cells.

Head Neck 2019 May;41(5):1547

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25770DOI Listing

Depletion of PCAT-1 in head and neck cancer cells inhibits tumor growth and induces apoptosis by modulating c-Myc-AKT1-p38 MAPK signalling pathways.

BMC Cancer 2019 Apr 15;19(1):354. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Pathology, Saint Louis University, 1100 South Grand Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63104, USA.

Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents one of the most common malignancies worldwide with a high mortality rate mainly due to lack of early detection markers, frequent association with metastasis and aggressive phenotype. Recently, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have important regulatory roles in human cancers. The lncRNA prostate cancer-associated transcript 1 (PCAT-1) showed potential oncogenic roles in different cancers, however its role in HNSCC is not known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5562-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466688PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Exosomal miRNAs as Novel Pharmacodynamic Biomarkers for Cancer Chemopreventive Agent Early Stage Treatments in Chemically Induced Mouse Model of Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Cancers (Basel) 2019 Apr 4;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Center for Disease Prevention and Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.

Background: Chemopreventive agent (CPA) treatment is one of the main preventive options for lung cancer. However, few studies have been done on pharmacodynamic biomarkers of known CPAs for lung cancer.

Materials And Methods: In this study, we treated mouse models of lung squamous cell carcinoma with three different CPAs (MEK inhibitor: AZD6244, PI-3K inhibitor: XL-147 and glucocorticoid: Budesonide) and examined circulating exosomal miRNAs in the plasma of each mouse before and after treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers11040477DOI Listing

Evaluating the trend of cutaneous malignant tumors in Ilam from 2002 to 2011.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):717-721

Department of Cardiology, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Introduction: Skin cancer, the melanoma type of which causes high mortality, is the most common malignancy in Iran and all over the world. UV is the most important cause of the incidence of this disease. This study evaluates the frequency of different types of cancer and their trajectory in Ilam province from 2012 to 2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_178_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436317PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Awareness about oral pathology specialty among medical professionals in hospitals under Kerala Health Services Department in Malappuram district in Kerala, India.

Authors:
Thorakkal Shamim

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):590-593

Department of Dentistry, Government Taluk Head Quarters Hospital, Malappuram, Kerala, India.

Background And Aim: There is a paucity of information about awareness about oral pathology speciality among medical professionals. To the best of my knowledge, this is the first study to be reported in literature. This study aimed to assess and create awareness of oral pathology specialty among medical professionals in hospitals under Kerala Health Services Department in Malappuram district in Kerala. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_373_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436321PMC
February 2019

Well-differentiated Squamous Cell Carcinoma Arising in Syringocystadenoma Papilliferum.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2019 Mar-Apr;10(2):168-170

Department of Pathology, AIIMS, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP) is a hamartoma of apocrine sweat gland origin, occurring predominantly in children, in the head and neck region. SCAP can arise or coexist with both benign and malignant tumors. We report herein an extremely rare case of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising in SCAP growth located in unusual supragluteal region in an elderly Indian male. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/idoj.IDOJ_43_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434754PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Myoepithelial Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Tongue: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Clin Med Insights Oncol 2019 2;13:1179554919838254. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of New Mexico Hospital, UNM School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Background: Myoepithelial cell carcinoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of salivary gland origin that typically presents in the parotid gland and minor salivary glands. It has been described previously in head and neck sites such as buccal mucosa, alveolar ridge, and base of tongue.

Methods: A 55-year-old man presented with 30 years of right-sided tongue pain and 10 years of gradually worsening ulceration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179554919838254DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448097PMC
April 2019
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Novel Herpesvirus Associated With Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Smooth Green Snakes ( Opheodrys vernalis).

Vet Pathol 2019 Apr 14:300985819837722. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

1 Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, IL, USA.

During a 19-month period, 5 smooth green snakes ( Opheodrys vernalis) maintained as an ex situ conservation colony presented with rapid clinical progression of locally invasive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. All 5 originated from the same wild source and were housed together or in close proximity. An infectious cause was considered likely, and nested conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridization confirmed the presence of a novel alphaherpesvirus, Opheodrys herpesvirus 1, in the neoplastic tissue in 4 of the 5 snakes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300985819837722DOI Listing

Knockdown of lncRNA LEF1-AS1 inhibited the progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) via Hippo signaling pathway.

Cancer Biol Ther 2019 Apr 14:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

b Division of PET/CT, Department of Radiology , The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University , Wenzhou , Zhejiang , China.

It is verified that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in various cancers. LncRNA LEF1-AS1 is a reported oncogene in colorectal cancer and glioblastoma. In this study, we unveiled that LEF1-AS1 markedly increased in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues and cell lines. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15384047.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15384047.2019.1599671DOI Listing
April 2019
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Comparison of histochemical staining techniques for detecting mast cells in oral lesions.

Biotech Histochem 2019 Apr 15:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology , Maratha Mandal's NGH Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre , Belgaum , India.

Mast cells are large cells with granular cytoplasm that participate in wound healing, angiogenesis and defense against pathogens. They also contribute to inflammation by initiating innate and acquired immunity. The granules of these cells exhibit characteristic staining properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10520295.2019.1597986DOI Listing

"Melting Lymph Node Sign": The Endobronchial Ultrasound Pattern of Cystic Mediastinal Nodal Metastases.

Ann Thorac Surg 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Pathology Unit, Policlinico Sant'Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy.

Cystic change in metastatic lymph nodes occurs in certain types of tumors (i.e., papillary thyroid carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the Waldeyer's ring) and it is usually observed in the head and neck region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.03.038DOI Listing
April 2019
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Development and Validation of Nomogram for Prediction of Malignant Transformation in Oral Leukoplakia: A Large-Scale Cohort Study.

J Oral Pathol Med 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China.

Objectives: Oral leukoplakia (OL) is the well-known disorder of oral mucosa, which has potential to be malignant and can lead to squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In the following study, we developed a comprehensive nomogram for predicting the malignant progression of OL, based on analysis of clinicopathological variables.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with OL was performed between 1998 and 2017 at the Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jop.12862DOI Listing
April 2019
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Long noncoding RNA TUG1 regulates the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma through sponging miR-524-5p to mediate DLX1 expression as a competitive endogenous RNA.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Rehabilitation, Huai'an Second People's Hospital, The Affiliated Huai'an Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Huai'an, China.

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) exerts a potential regulatory role in tumorigenesis. LncRNA TUG1 expression remains high in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues. However, its biological mechanism in OSCC remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28620DOI Listing

The landscape of actionable molecular alterations in immunomarker-defined large cell carcinoma of lung.

J Thorac Oncol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Anatomical and Cellular Pathology, State Key Laboratory of Translational Oncology, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Li Ka-Shing Institute of Health Sciences, Sir Y.K. Pao Cancer Center, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Institute of Digestive Disease, State Key Laboratory of Digestive Disease, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Introduction: Patients with pulmonary large cell carcinoma (LCC) have poor prognosis and limited treatment option. The identification of clinically actionable molecular alterations helps to guide personalized cancer treatment decisions.

Patients And Methods: A consecutive cohort of 789 resected non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2019.03.021DOI Listing
April 2019
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Multi-region sequencing unveils novel actionable targets and spatial heterogeneity in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Nat Commun 2019 04 11;10(1):1670. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Shenzhen Peking University-The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (PKU-HKUST) Medical Center, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, 518035, Shenzhen, PR China.

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) ranks fourth among cancer-related deaths in China due to the lack of actionable molecules. We performed whole-exome and T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire sequencing on multi-regional tumors, normal tissues and blood samples from 39 ESCC patients. The data revealed 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09255-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459928PMC
April 2019
2 Reads
10.742 Impact Factor

Aggressive squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis.

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Apr;22(4):588-590

Department of Urology, University of Health Sciences, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the renal pelvis is a particularly rare tumor that accounts for a minor portion of renal malignancies and is aggressive with an unfavorable prognosis. It is usually diagnosed after surgery and at advanced stages as it does not possess specific clinical and radiological properties. The pathological examination of a 38-year-old female patient who had undergone nephrectomy due to a nonfunctioning right kidney caused by long-standing staghorn calculus revealed moderately differentiated renal pelvis SCC invading the renal parenchyma. Read More

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http://www.njcponline.com/text.asp?2019/22/4/588/255927
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_434_18DOI Listing
April 2019
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Whole genome sequencing reveals complexity in both HPV sequences present and HPV integrations in HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas.

BMC Cancer 2019 Apr 11;19(1):352. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Division of Experimental Pathology, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Background: High risk human papillomaviruses (HPV) plays important roles in the development of cervical cancer, a number of other anogenital cancer and they are increasingly found in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), however there has not been comprehensive analysis about the role how these viruses play in the development of OPSCC.

Methods: To characterize the physical status of HPV within OPSCC and to determine the effect this has throughout the host genome, we have performed 30-40X whole genome sequencing (WGS) on the BGI sequencing platform on 34 OPSCCs: 28 of which were HPV positive. We then examined the sequencing data to characterize the HPV copy number and HPV physical status to determine what effect they have on both HPV and human genome structural changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5536-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460540PMC
April 2019
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Human β-Defensin 2 Expression in Oral Epithelium: Potential Therapeutic Targets in Oral Lichen Planus.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 10;20(7). Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Translational Immunology Research Program, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Human β-defensin 2 (hBD-2) is a potent antimicrobial peptide that participates in defense against invading bacteria. We recently showed that bacterial components and histamine, through histamine H4 receptor (H4R), are involved in the pathogenesis of the potentially malignant lesion, oral lichen planus (OLP). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20071780DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read