2,923 results match your criteria Patent Ductus Arteriosus Imaging

somatic mosaicism in a patient with bilateral optic nerve sheath meningiomas: illustrative case.

J Neurosurg Case Lessons 2022 Jun 6;3(23):CASE2247. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Departments of Ophthalmology.

Background: In the past decade, next-generation sequencing has spurred significant progress in the understanding of cytogenetic alterations that occur in meningiomas. Eighty percent of adult meningiomas harbor pathogenic somatic variants involving , , , , , or Somatic variants in associated with meningiomas usually localize to the gene's WD40 domains but are mutually exclusive to germline mutations, which cause a distinctive autosomal dominant syndrome.

Observations: This case involved a 15-year-old girl with bilateral optic nerve sheath meningiomas, diffuse meningiomatosis, and syndromic features, including craniosynostosis, brain anomalies, syndactyly, brachydactyly, epicanthus, and patent ductus arteriosus. Read More

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Myocardial injury and inflammatory response in percutaneous device closures of pediatric patent ductus arteriosus.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2022 May 18;22(1):228. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Cardiac Disease Center, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, 350001, People's Republic of China.

Background: The percutaneous device closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is widely used in clinical practice, however full data on the changes in myocardial injury and systemic inflammatory markers' levels after PDA in children are not fully reported.

Methods: We have conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 385 pediatric patients in our hospital from January 2017 to December 2019. The patients were distributed into five groups. Read More

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Anomalous origin of the left pulmonary artery from the ascending thoracic aorta and a right patent ductus arteriosus associated with pulmonary hypertension in a woman of childbearing age: an unprecedented approach.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 11;15(5). Epub 2022 May 11.

Cardiology, Hospital Garcia de Orta EPE, Almada, Setúbal, Portugal

A female patient in her early 30s, with a medical history of pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease, lost to follow-up, was referred to a pulmonary hypertension reference centre. The patient presented at a WHO functional class of II in a low-risk category. A transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated severe pulmonary hypertension with right ventricular dysfunction. Read More

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Comparison of blood pool and myocardial 3D printing in the diagnosis of types of congenital heart disease.

Sci Rep 2022 05 3;12(1):7136. Epub 2022 May 3.

The State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 99 Yan Cheung Road, Xi'an, Shannxi, China.

The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of blood pool and myocardial models made by stereolithography in the diagnosis of different types of congenital heart disease (CHD). Two modeling methods were applied in the diagnosis of 8 cases, and two control groups consisting of experts and students diagnosed the cases using echocardiography with computed tomography, blood pool models, and myocardial models. The importance, suitability, and simulation degree of different models were analyzed. Read More

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Aberrant Right Subclavian Artery with Kommerell's Diverticulum and Patent Ductus Arteriosus: Unusual Combination of Congenital Heart Anomalies and Clinical Manifestations in A Neonate.

Heart Surg Forum 2022 Mar 24;25(2):E229-E231. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Guoxuexiang 37th, 610041 Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R. China.

Background: A one-month-old neonate presented to the hospital with dyspnea and bloody stool, which happened suddenly and progressed over two days.

Case Presentation: Computed tomography and three-dimensional reconstruction of the trachea and heart was done, demonstrating significant trachea stenosis, aberrant right subclavian artery arising from Kommerell's diverticulum, and patent ductus arteriosus. Reconstruction of the aberrant subclavian artery, resection of the diverticulum, and ligation of ductus arteriosus was performed. Read More

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[A Case of Successful Selective Arterial Embolization for Traumatic Priapism].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2022 Mar;68(3):91-94

The Department of Urology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine.

The first-line treatment for arterial (traumatic) priapism is follow-up, but no recommended duration has been established. We report a case of traumatic priapism that did not improve after one year of follow-up and was cured by arterial embolization. The patient was a 21-year-old male with a urethral injury caused by traffic trauma, and a urethral catheter was placed under fluoroscopic guidance. Read More

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Impact of Medical Treatment of Hemodynamically Significant Patent Ductus Arteriosus on Cerebral and Renal Tissue Oxygenation Measured by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Mar 25;58(4). Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Vilnius University, LT-08406 Vilnius, Lithuania.

Hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) can cause ductal steal and contribute to poor outcomes in preterm infants. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) allows us to continuously evaluate regional tissue oxygenation (rSpO) and perfusion changes in underlying organs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of medical treatment for hsPDA on cerebral and renal rSpO in infants less than 32 weeks of gestational age, and older than 72 h of life. Read More

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Infectious endarteritis associated with patent ductus arteriosus and vegetation: a challenging diagnosis and treatment.

Eur Heart J 2022 Jun;43(23):2251

Department of Echocardiography, Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital, No. 753 Jinghan Road, Hankou District, Wuhan 430022, PR China.

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Factors associated with the follow-up of high risk infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit.

Pediatr Neonatol 2022 Mar 28. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea; Department of Pediatrics, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: The study aimed to identify factors associated with compliance to follow-up (FU) appointments among infants following their discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Methods: This retrospective cohort study reviewed 657 infants (birth weight <1500 g or gestational age [GA] <32 weeks), born between 2011 and 2015. A total of 525 eligible infants were classified into two groups: the compliant group (n = 360), who attended clinics from 18 to 24 months, and the non-compliant group (n = 165), who were lost to FU before 18 months. Read More

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A case report of a long-term survivor after inadvertent ligation of the left pulmonary artery during intended ductal ligation.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2022 Apr 22;6(4):ytac127. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Center of Pulmonary Vascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) can close on its own during childhood. Patent ductus arteriosus with left pulmonary artery (LPA) occlusion is rare. Here, we describe possible aetiologies of this condition and treatment strategies based on recent guidelines. Read More

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Coarctation of the aorta: Prenatal assessment, postnatal management and neonatal outcomes.

Semin Perinatol 2022 06 12;46(4):151584. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, CA, United States.

Coarctation of the aorta (Coa) is a potentially life threatening diagnosis. It occurs in 0.3 per 1000 live births and accounts for 6-8% of all infants with congenital heart defects. Read More

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Clinical and neuroimaging features of a familial pathogenic ACTA2 variant as a model of a vascular neurocristopathy.

Neuroradiology 2022 Apr 14. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Western Australian National Imaging Facility, The University of Western Australia (UWA), Royal Perth Hospital (RPH), 197 Wellington Street, Perth, WA, 6000, Australia.

The clinical and neuroimaging findings of a family with a variant ACTA2 gene (c351C > G), presenting with smooth muscle dysfunction in structures of neural crest derivation, are discussed. The combination of aortic abnormalities, patent ductus arteriosus, congenital mydriasis and distinctive cerebrovascular and brain morphological abnormalities characterise this disorder. Two sisters, heterozygous for the variant, and their mother, a mosaic, are presented. Read More

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Management of percutaneous treatment of aorta coarctation diagnosed during pregnancy.

J Med Life 2022 Feb;15(2):208-213

National Amosov Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery NAMS, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Management of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) during pregnancy is complicated by increased procedural risks to the pregnant woman and her fetus. The aim of this research was to analyze 10-years of experience of CoA treatment diagnosed during pregnancy. During 2010-2020 we performed percutaneous stents implantations (SI) in 4 women during 15-23 weeks of pregnancy and in 6 women 48 hours - 5 years after delivery. Read More

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February 2022

Pulmonary valve perforation with multiple cardiac anomalies: a case report.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2022 04 9;22(1):159. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

Echocardiography and Vascular Ultrasound Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, No.79, Qing-Chun Road, Hangzhou, 310003, China.

Background: Large pulmonary valve perforation, which is rarely seen with infective endocarditis, general atrophy, or congenital fenestration, often leads to potentially fatal outcomes, including heart failure.

Case Presentation: Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographic evaluation of a 69-year-old woman revealed a severely eccentric pulmonary regurgitation with concomitant pulmonary valve stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, patent foramen ovale, and pulmonary artery aneurysm. In the operation, a large perforation was found in the pulmonary valve leaflet. Read More

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Medial insertion of the patent ductus arteriosus characterized by computed tomography angiography in a cat and dog.

J Vet Cardiol 2022 Feb 24;41:145-153. Epub 2022 Feb 24.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, Campus Delivery 1678, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1678, USA.

Surgical ligation of a left-to-right shunting patent ductus arteriosus was attempted in two animals. In both cases, a young cat and dog, ligation was complicated by poor visualization of the ductus resulting in unsuccessful ligation. Post-operatively, both the cat and dog underwent computed tomography angiography to characterize the location and morphology of the patent ductus arteriosus. Read More

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February 2022

X-linked osteogenesis imperfecta accompanied by patent ductus arteriosus: a case with a novel splice variant in PLS3.

World J Pediatr 2022 Jul 29;18(7):515-519. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Department of Clinical Genetics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, No. 36 Sanhao Street, Shenyang, 110004, China.

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Lung ultrasound score parallels trends in systemic haemodynamics after PDA ligation: a case series.

Eur J Pediatr 2022 Jun 22;181(6):2541-2546. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, S Maria Della Misericordia Hospital, Piazzale Santa Maria della Misericordia, 15, 33100, Udine, Italy.

B-lines in lung ultrasound (LU) are non-specific but highly informative sign of interstitial pulmonary oedema (iPE). Sustained exposure to a high-volume left-to-right patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) shunt is associated with iPE. Cardiorespiratory deterioration, named post-ligation cardiac syndrome (PLCS), may follow surgical ligation between 6 and 12 h post-operatively. Read More

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Different approaches for patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants using acetaminophen.

World J Pediatr 2022 04 6;18(4):243-250. Epub 2022 Mar 6.

Northern Alberta Neonatal Program Royal Alexandra Hospital Site NICU, DTC 5027, Stollery Children Hospital, University of Alberta, 10240 Kingsway NW, Edmonton, AB, T5H 3V9, Canada.

Background: Acetaminophen use for pharmacological treatment of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in preterm infants is becoming more popular with emerging evidence that it is effective as well as safe alternative for other agents used to close hsPDA.

Data Sources: We performed a narrative review of literature about pharmacological treatment of PDA using acetaminophen.

Results: Acetaminophen was used as a prophylaxis, symptomatic, targeted, and a rescue approach. Read More

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Transcatheter closure of tubular patent ductus arteriosus using muscular ventricular septal defect devices in infants and small children with congestive heart failure.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2022 Mar 24;115(3):134-141. Epub 2022 Feb 24.

Paediatric Cardiology Services, Royal Brompton Hospital and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London SW3 6NP, UK; National Heart and Lung Institute, Guy Scadding Building, London SW3 6LY, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus in children is widely performed to reduce symptoms and decrease the risk of endocarditis. Most arterial ducts are closed successfully with dedicated devices. However, in a tubular or "type C" patent ductus arteriosus with congestive heart failure, the occlusion is more challenging with these devices, with a higher risk of complications, such as aortic or left pulmonary stenosis and device embolization. Read More

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A simple noninvasive biomarker can reflect both the acute and chronic pulmonary impact of patent ductus arteriosus shunting.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2022 05 23;57(5):1209-1213. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Neonatology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Aim: The SFR (SpO /FiO ratio) offers a continuous, noninvasive reflection of pulmonary function regardless of whether the baby is ventilated or breathing spontaneously. We hypothesized that significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) shunting would impair pulmonary oxygen diffusion, reflected by decreased SFR; and that early PDA related decreases in SFR predict subsequent chronic lung disease (CLD).

Methods: We retrospectively examined records from preterm neonates ≤30 weeks gestational age. Read More

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A new association of Oculoauriculovertebral spectrum and persistent fifth aortic arch -double lumen aorta: a case report.

BMC Pediatr 2022 02 21;22(1):102. Epub 2022 Feb 21.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey.

Background: Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum is a heterogeneous group of genetic disorder, also known as Goldenhar Syndrome, which has several phenotypic features including craniofacial anomalies, cardiac, vertebral and central nervous system defects. Cardiovascular anomalies include ventricular septal defects, atrial septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, Tetralogy of Fallot, double outlet right ventricle, aberrant right subclavian artery, coarctation of aorta, transposition of the great arteries, double inlet left ventricle, cor triatriatum, pulmonary artery stenosis, aortic stenosis, persistent left superior vena cava, partially or totally abnormal pulmonary venous return and bicuspid aortic valve. Persistent fifth aortic arch, also named as double lumen aortic arch, is a very rare cardivascular anomaly and usually associate other cardiac defects. Read More

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February 2022

Value of bedside echocardiography in predicting persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus during the early postnatal period in very low birth weight infants.

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jan;24(1):26-32

Department of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine/National Clinical Research Center for Child Health, Hangzhou 310052, China.

Objectives: To study the value of bedside echocardiography in predicting persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus during the early postnatal period in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for 51 VLBW infants who were admitted from March 2020 to June 2021, with an age of ≤3 days and a length of hospital stay of ≥14 days. According to the diameter of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on days 14 and 28 after birth, the infants were divided into three groups: large PDA group (PDA diameter ≥2 mm), small PDA group (PDA diameter <2 mm), and PDA closure group (PDA diameter =0 mm). Read More

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January 2022

Prophylactic Low-Dose Paracetamol Administration for Ductal Closure and Microstructural Brain Development in Preterm Infants.

Neonatology 2022 17;119(3):361-369. Epub 2022 Feb 17.

Department of Pediatrics II, Neonatology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Introduction: Prophylactic low-dose paracetamol administration is used to induce closure of the ductus arteriosus. Effects on the neurological outcome in preterm infants remain unknown. We compared microstructural brain development in very preterm infants with and without exposure to prophylactic paracetamol by using MR-based diffusion tensor imaging. Read More

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February 2022

Therapeutic Modalities in the Treatment of Persistent Ductus Arteriosus in Premature Babies: Report of Two Cases.

Med Arch 2021 Dec;75(6):467-470

Department of Neonatology, Cantonal Hospital Bihac.

Background: Persistent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) is a vascular structure that connects the pulmonary artery and the descending aorta. It plays an important role in the fetal blood flow pattern.

Objective: The aim of this paper is to present two cases from Neonatology of Cantonal hospital in Bihac, with hemodynamically significant ductus, different "timing" of treatment and different therapeutic options. Read More

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December 2021

Physiological fetal vascular shunts and failure to regress: what the radiologist needs to know.

Pediatr Radiol 2022 Jun 15;52(7):1207-1223. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Pediatric Imaging Section, Department of Imaging Sciences, Golisano Children's Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.

The fetal circulation is characterized by the presence of three physiological vascular shunts - the ductus arteriosus, the foramen ovale and the ductus venosus. Acting in concert, these shunts preferentially stream blood flow in a pattern that maximizes efficiency of blood oxygenation by the maternofetal unit. Shortly following the transition to extrauterine life, a quick and predetermined succession of events results in closure of these embryological structures with consequent establishment of postnatal vascular flow patterns. Read More

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Bilateral central retinal vein occlusion in a neonate secondary to atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Feb 9;15(2). Epub 2022 Feb 9.

Srimati Kannuri Santhamma Center for Vitreo-retinal diseases, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India

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February 2022

Evaluation of Cardiac Function Characteristics after Patent Ductus Arteriosus Closure in Children and Adults by Echocardiographic Data.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 28;2022:1310841. Epub 2022 Jan 28.

Department of Internal Medicine-Cardiovascular, Quanzhou First Hospital Affiliated to Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou, 362000 Fujian, China.

This study was to investigate the value of echocardiographic data in assessing changes in cardiac function before and after transcatheter closure in children and adult patients with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). In this study, 150 patients with isolated PDA treated by cardiac catheterization and transcatheter closure were selected as the study sample. Real-time color Doppler echocardiography was used both after and after operation. Read More

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Echocardiographic assessment of intimal thickness growth of patent ductus arteriosus in neonates and analysis of influencing factors.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2022 Feb 2. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, 92 Zhongnan Road, Suzhou, 215003, Jiangsu, China.

The spontaneous closure rate of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is high, and the necessity of early intervention is debated. Quantitative echocardiographic assessment of the intima in PDA has not been reported. This study evaluated intimal thickness growth in neonatal cases of PDA via echocardiography and investigated its correlation with clinical factors. Read More

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February 2022

Use of the Medtronic Microvascular Plug 7Q for transcatheter closure of large patent ductus arteriosus in infants weighing less than 2.5 kg.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2022 04 30;99(5):1545-1550. Epub 2022 Jan 30.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

Background: The sole Food and Drug Administration-approved device for transcatheter closure of the patent arterial duct in premature infants is indicated for patent ductus arteriosus (PDAs) ≤ 4 mm in diameter. We report a two-center experience with transcatheter closure of large PDAs (>4 mm) in infants weighing <2.5 kg using the Microvascular Plug 7Q (MVP-7Q) device. Read More

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Wheezing caused by a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) device occluder: Case report and review of the literature.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2022 04 25;57(4):1085-1088. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Outpatient, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Wheezing often occurs in infants and young children with respiratory infections. For children with recurrent wheezing, after controlling their wheezing, they should be alert to rare diseases. Here, we report a case of wheezing following the application of the patent ductus arteriosus occlusion device ADO II (AGA Medical Corporation) with the occlusion device pressing against the adjacent left main bronchus. Read More

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