Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2022 Apr 4;15(2):90-106. Epub 2022 Feb 4.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Stanford University, 450 Broadway Street, Pavilion C, 4th Floor, Redwood City, CA, 94063, USA.
Purpose Of Review: To present a synthesis of recent literature regarding the treatment of patellofemoral arthritis RECENT FINDINGS: Risk factors of PFJ OA include patella malalignment or maltracking, injury to supportive structures including the MPFL, dysfunction of hamstring and quadriceps coordination, lower limb alignment, trochlear dysplasia, patellar trauma, or ACL surgery. Special physical exam maneuvers include patellar grind test, apprehension test, and lateral patellar tilt angle. Radiographs that should be obtained first-line include weight bearing bilateral AP, lateral, and Merchant views. Read More