2,458 results match your criteria Patellar Injury and Dislocation


Middle-to long-term outcome after medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction with Insall's proximal realignment for patellar instability.

Asia Pac J Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Technol 2019 Jul 1;17:5-9. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8551, Japan.

Background: Recently, medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction has become a common, widely used procedure to treat patellar instability. However, few reports exist on the long-term outcome after MPFL reconstruction. We elucidated the middle- to long-term outcome after MPFL reconstruction with Insall's proximal realignment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asmart.2019.02.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444065PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Patellofemoral Instability in Children: Correlation Between Patellofemoral Incongruence, Mechanism of Injury, and Cartilage Damage.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2019 Apr 1:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

5 Department of Pharmacology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: The objective of our study was to assess correlation between patellofemoral incongruency and injury mechanism, recurrence, bilaterality, and cartilage damage in patients with patellofemoral instability (PFI).

Materials And Methods: Ninety-four knee MRI examinations (10 bilateral) of 84 patients with PFI (47 female and 37 male patients; mean age ± SD, 15.0 ± 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.20778DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Scoring system for optimal management of acute traumatic patellar dislocation: A multicenter study.

J Orthop Sci 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Regenerative and Transplant Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Niigata, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: In first-time acute traumatic patellar dislocations, numerous anatomic and clinical factors are complicatedly associated and should be comprehensively considered for the optimal management of conservative or surgical intervention. The purpose of this study was to establish a scoring system, using a concept that is not complicated and easily used in clinic.

Methods: Of 131 first-time acute traumatic patellar dislocations, 81 patients (51 females, 30 males) with an average age of 19. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2019.03.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Deepening trochleoplasty and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction normalize patellotrochlear congruence in severe trochlear dysplasia.

Bone Joint J 2019 Mar;101-B(3):325-330

Arcus Sportklinik, Pforzheim, Germany.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate cartilaginous patellotrochlear congruence and patellofemoral alignment parameters after deepening trochleoplasty in severe trochlear dysplasia.

Patients And Methods: The study group comprised 20 patients (two male, 18 female; mean age 24 years (16 to 39)) who underwent deepening trochleoplasty and medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction for the treatment of recurrent lateral patellar dislocation due to severe trochlear dysplasia (Dejour type B to D). Pre- and postoperative MRI investigations of the study group were compared with MRI data of 20 age- and gender-matched control patients (two male, 18 female; mean age 27 years (18 to 44)) regarding the patellotrochlear contact ratio, patellotrochlear contact area, posterior patellar edge-trochlear groove ratio, and patellar tilt. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B3.BJJ-2018-0795.R2DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Biomechanical and Functional Outcomes After Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction: A Pilot Study.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Feb 15;7(2):2325967119825854. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Background: Previous studies have acknowledged the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) as the primary stabilizer of the patella, preventing lateral displacement. MPFL reconstruction (MPFL-R) restores stability and functionality to the patellofemoral joint and has emerged as a preferred treatment option for recurrent lateral patellar instability.

Purpose: To objectively measure biomechanical characteristics of athletes cleared for return to sport after MPFL-R compared with healthy controls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119825854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378443PMC
February 2019
11 Reads

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features of Traumatic Patellofemoral Dislocation.

Cureus 2018 Dec 14;10(12):e3730. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Orthopaedics, Saint James's Hospital, Dublin, IRL.

Acute traumatic patellar dislocations are encountered with relative frequency, making up 3% of all knee injuries. Typically witnessed in younger patients following sporting injuries, this injury can be debilitating, potentially leading to recurrent dislocation, pain, reduction in activity and patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Management of this injury remains controversial, and as such detailed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly recommended to help illustrate the exact nature of osteochondral and soft tissue injury, with a view to assessing the anatomical sequelae of patellar dislocation as well as the potential of recurrence and dictating the need for either conservative or surgical management in the acute setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3730DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6384034PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Autologous mesenchymal stem cell application for cartilage defect in recurrent patellar dislocation: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 31;55:183-186. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Mayapada Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Introduction: Recurrent patellar dislocation can lead to articular cartilage injury. We report a 21-year old male with left patella instability and articular cartilage defect.

Presentation Of Case: A 21-year-old male presented with left patellar instability and pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.01.031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369132PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

[Fractures of the patella].

Chirurg 2019 Mar;90(3):243-254

Klinik und Poliklinik für Unfall‑, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, 20246, Hamburg, Deutschland.

With 1% of all skeletal fractures patellar fractures are rare. The majority of cases are caused by a direct trauma to the flexed knee. The diagnosis is made via the injury mechanism as well as the physical and radiological findings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00104-019-0797-4DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Open knee dislocation with a patellar tendon rupture: Result of staged surgical repair.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2019 11;7:2050313X18823102. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan.

Knee dislocation with concomitant multiligament injury is a rare and devastating injury. We report the successful repair of a rare case of open knee dislocation with concomitant multiligament injury and patellar tendon rupture of an 18-year-old male due to a motorcycle accident. The patient presented with an open wound running parallel to the knee joint line and patellar tendon rupture with full exposure of the cartilage of the distal femur. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X18823102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349979PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Early functional rehabilitation after patellar dislocation-What procedures are daily routine in orthopedic surgery?

Injury 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Center Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Introduction: Patellar dislocation and rupture of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) are frequently seen in daily orthopedic practice. Besides initial non-surgical treatment, surgery and subsequent rehabilitation are crucial for restoring stability in the femoropatellar joint. This study investigated current rehabilitation strategies after patellar dislocation because knowledge on this topic has been severely limited so far. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.10.020DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Adolescent and Caregiver-derived Utilities for Traumatic Patella Dislocation Health States.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

Introduction: The treatment of a first-time traumatic patella dislocation in children and adolescents remains controversial. Preference-based health utility assessments can provide health-related quality of life information for orthopaedic conditions and their subsequent treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine utilities for pediatric acute traumatic patella dislocation and subsequent treatment health states from both children with patellar dislocation, and their parents. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001341DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads
1.426 Impact Factor

Sporting activity is reduced following medial reefing performed for patellar dislocation : A retrospective case series of 144 patients with a minimum follow-up of 24 months.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 22;20(1):34. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Traumatology and Reconstructive Surgery, BG Trauma Center Tübingen, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Schnarrenbergerstr. 95, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Background: Patellar dislocation is common in young and active patients. The purpose of this study was to determine sporting activity following the medial reefing of patellar dislocation.

Methods: One hundred forty-four patients with objective patellar dislocation were treated between 2004 and 2013. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2400-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343311PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Technique and Outcome of a Modified Tibial Plateau Levelling Osteotomy for Treatment of Concurrent Medial Patellar Luxation and Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture in 76 Stifles.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2019 Jan 15;32(1):26-32. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Surgery, Gulf Coast Veterinary Specialists, Houston, Texas, United States.

Objectives:  The main aim of this article is to describe the technique and outcome of a modified tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) that simultaneously levels the tibial plateau and realigns the quadriceps mechanism through medial translation of the proximal tibial segment in dogs less than 15 kg.

Materials And Methods:  A retrospective medical records search identified dogs with concurrent cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) and medial patellar luxation (MPL). A study group (76 stifles) treated with a modified TPLO was compared with a non-tibial translation group (45 stifles) corrected with traditional surgical technique. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676296DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Unusual Horizontal Patellar Dislocation Reduced without General Anesthesia: A Report of 2 Cases.

JBJS Case Connect 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):e2

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Ankara Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Case: Horizontal patellar dislocation is a rare clinical event, and there is no consensus on its management. We describe 2 relatively elderly patients with 2 different types of horizontal patellar dislocation who were successfully treated with closed reduction without general anesthesia.

Conclusion: Appropriate and gently managed closed reduction without general anesthesia may be successful in cases of acute horizontal patellar dislocation, provided there are no osteophytes or an injury that requires surgical treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.CC.18.00177DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction in children: A comparative randomized short-term study of fascia lata allograft and gracilis tendon autograft reconstruction.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13605

Pediatric Orthopedics and Rehabilitation Clinic, Medical University of Lublin.

Background: Many surgical procedures have been described to treat recurrent patellar dislocation, but none of these techniques has been successful in all patients. The goal of the study was to evaluate the results of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction in children. Two operative procedures were evaluated; a fascia lata allograft and an autologous gracilis graft. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013605DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319993PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Empty Sunrise Sign: An Arthroscopic Finding in Recurrent Patellar Dislocation.

J Knee Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mount Carmel Health System, Columbus, Ohio.

Patellar dislocation is a relatively common knee injury and can be challenging to diagnose. We describe an arthroscopic finding we noted in recurrent patellar dislocation. Arthroscopic photos were evaluated from 50 knees with a history patellar dislocation and 100 control patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676350DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Femoral Nerve Palsy With Concomitant Patellar Dislocation in a Ballet Dancer.

Orthopedics 2019 Mar 13;42(2):e273-e275. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Femoral nerve palsy with concomitant patellar dislocation is a rare clinical entity that has not previously been well documented. The authors present the case of a 16-year-old female ballet dancer who sustained a patellar dislocation with concomitant femoral nerve palsy. She experienced muscle weakness after the initial injury and developed neuropathic symptoms through the anterior left thigh. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20181206-07DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Factors Affecting Tibial Tuberosity-Trochlear Groove Distance in Recurrent Patellar Dislocation.

Clin Orthop Surg 2018 Dec 21;10(4):420-426. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Center for Joint Disease, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun, Korea.

Background: The tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance is used to determine the necessity of tibial tubercle osteotomy. We conducted this study to determine the extent to which each of the tibial tuberosity lateralization, trochlear groove medialization, and knee rotation angle affects the TT-TG distance in both normal and patella dislocated patients and thereby scrutinize the rationale for tuberosity transfer based on the TT-TG distance.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of rotational profile computed tomography was done for patella dislocated and control group patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4055/cios.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4055/cios.2018.10.4.420DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250967PMC
December 2018
20 Reads

Persistent morbidity after Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction - A registry study with an eight-year follow-up on a nationwide cohort from 1996 to 2014.

Knee 2019 Jan 28;26(1):20-25. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Clinical Orthopedic Research Hvidovre (CORH), Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background: To evaluate the trends in treatment of patellar dislocation in the Danish population as a whole from 1996 to 2014 and evaluate the incidence of persistent morbidity after Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction (MPFL-R).

Methods: This epidemiological study was performed by retrospectively searching the Danish National Patients Registry from 1996 to 2014. The study investigated the trends in surgery performed on patients with patellar dislocations and the risk of persistent patellar morbidity (PPM) with an eight-year follow-up. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2018.10.013DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Recurrence of Patellar Instability in Adolescents Undergoing Surgery for Osteochondral Defects Without Concomitant Ligament Reconstruction.

Am J Sports Med 2019 Jan 28;47(1):66-70. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California, San Diego, California, USA.

Background:: First-time patellar dislocation with an associated chondral or osteochondral loose body is typically treated operatively to address the loose fragment. The incidence of recurrent instability in this patient population if the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is not reconstructed is unknown.

Purpose:: To determine the recurrent instability rate in patients undergoing surgery for patellar instability with chondral or osteochondral loose bodies, as well as to identify and stratify risk factors for recurrent instability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518808486DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Suboptimal patellofemoral alignment is associated with poor clinical outcome scores after primary total knee arthroplasty.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2019 Feb 27;139(2):249-254. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Stanford University Medical Center Outpatient Center, 450 Broadway St., M/C 6342, Redwood City, CA, 94063, USA.

Background: Proper patellofemoral alignment is an important goal in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Acceptable patellar alignment is defined as patellar tilt less than or equal to 5° and patellar displacement less than or equal to 5 mm. Previous studies reported an incidence of post-operative patellar malalignment in TKA from 7 to 35%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-3073-zDOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads
1.310 Impact Factor

A new classification of injury patterns of the medial patellofemoral ligament after acute lateral patella dislocation detected using magnetic resonance imaging studies.

Injury 2019 Feb 13;50(2):534-540. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Magnetic Resonance imaging, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, 442000, Hubei, PR China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Acute lateral patellar dislocation is a very common condition in orthopedics, especially among adolescents and physically active patients. To evaluate distinct medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) injury patterns and the associated knee pathology after acute lateral patellar dislocation (ALPD) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, which is essential for the development of treatment protocols.

Materials And Methods: MRI images of 74 ALPD patients were taken between January 2015 to December 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.11.024DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads
2.137 Impact Factor

Risk of Redislocation After Primary Patellar Dislocation: A Clinical Prediction Model Based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging Variables.

Am J Sports Med 2018 Dec 6;46(14):3385-3390. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Background:: First-time lateral patellar dislocations have historically been treated with a nonoperative approach; a clinical tool to predict patients who are most likely to redislocate may have clinical utility.

Purpose:: (1) To determine if there are discriminating factors present between patients who redislocated their patellas and those who did not after a first-time lateral patellar dislocation and (2) to use this information to develop a model that can predict the recurrence risk of lateral patellar dislocation in this population.

Study Design:: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518803936DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction using quadriceps tendon autograft provides good clinical, functional and patient-reported outcome measurements (PROM): a 2-year prospective study.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Gelenkpunkt, Sports and Joint Surgery, Olympiastraße 39, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Purpose: The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is the most important ligamentous stabilizer preventing lateral patella dislocation. Numerous surgical procedures for MPFL reconstruction have been described in the literature. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical, functional and patient-reported (PROM) outcomes 2 years after minimally invasive MPFL reconstruction performed using an autologous strip of the quadriceps tendon. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00167-018-5226-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5226-6DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

Combined transverse femoral ostectomy and tibial tuberosity distalisation for correction of medial patella luxation and patella alta in dogs.

Aust Vet J 2018 Nov;96(11):428-432

Small Animal Surgery, Murdoch, WA, Australia.

Background: Patella alta is the proximal displacement of the patella within the femoral trochlea. Previous studies have identified an association between patella alta and patella luxation. Distalisation of the tibial tuberosity has been recommended to establish proximodistal alignment of the stifle extensor mechanism with the underlying femur in dogs affected by patella alta. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12761DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Vertical patellar dislocation: A pediatric case report and review of the literature.

Orthop Rev (Pavia) 2018 Sep 5;10(3):7688. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Francisco, Benioff Children's Hospital, Oakland, CA, USA.

Vertical patellar dislocations (VPDs) are a rare event, and even more so among pediatric female patients. There have been less than 30 vertical patellar dislocations reported in the literature since the first in 1844. In this type of dislocation, the patella rotates about its vertical axis with the articular surface facing either medially or laterally. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/or.2018.7688DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6186999PMC
September 2018
21 Reads

Braces and Splints for Common Musculoskeletal Conditions.

Am Fam Physician 2018 Nov;98(10):570-576

West Virginia University School of Medicine-Eastern Campus, Harpers Ferry, WV, USA.

Braces and splints can immobilize and protect joints, reduce pain, decrease swelling, and facilitate healing of acute injuries. They are also used for injury prevention and chronic pain reduction, and to alter the function of a joint. The medial unloading (valgus) knee brace is an option for patients with medial knee osteoarthritis, but evidence of long-term benefit is limited. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018
25 Reads

Derotational osteotomy at the distal femur is effective to treat patients with patellar instability.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Feb 13;27(2):652-658. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: Increased femoral antetorsion influences patellofemoral joint kinematics. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcome after derotational osteotomies and combined procedures in patients with patellofemoral instability.

Methods: All patients with derotational osteotomies and combined procedures in patients with patellofemoral instability and increased femoral antetorsion performed between 2007 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00167-018-5212-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5212-zDOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

The reversed dynamic patellar apprehension test mimics anatomical complexity in lateral patellar instability.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Feb 6;27(2):604-610. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Arcus Sportklinik, Rastatter Str. 17-19, 75179, Pforzheim, Germany.

Purpose: To develop a dynamic physical examination test that functionally simulates actual patellar instability events and that mimics the range of patellar stabilizer insufficiency in an individual patient.

Methods: Seventy-eight consecutive patients (male/female 35/43; mean age 22 ± 7 years) with recurrent lateral patellar instability and 35 controls (male/female 16/19; mean age 31 ± 14 years) were prospectively evaluated using the reversed dynamic patellar apprehension test (ReDPAT). Anatomical predisposition was assessed according to Dejour's classification of trochlear dysplasia, tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance, tibial tuberosity-posterior cruciate ligament distance, patellar height, and varus/valgus malalignment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00167-018-5198-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5198-6DOI Listing
February 2019
18 Reads

Femoral condyle osteochondral fracture treated with bone suture after acute patellar dislocation: a case report.

Rev Bras Ortop 2018 Sep-Oct;53(5):636-642. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Osteochondral fracture after acute patellar dislocation in teenagers is relatively common (up to 60% of cases of patellar dislocation), but poorly diagnosed. There are several treatments proposed for this type of injury, but none well defined in the literature. A male patient, 13 years old, with a diagnosis of osteochondral fracture of the lateral femoral condyle after acute dislocation of the right patella. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rboe.2017.04.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6153446PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Anatomic double-bundle medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction with aperture fixation using an adjustable-length loop device: a 2-year follow-up study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Sep 25;19(1):346. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kang-Dong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical School, 134-701, Gil-dong, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: To assess the clinical availability of an adjustable-length loop device for use in the double-bundle technique with aperture fixation at the patella and femur during anatomic double-bundle medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (DB-MPFLR) for recurrent patellar dislocation.

Methods: We retrospectively investigated 11 patients (12 knees) with recurrent patellar dislocation who underwent anatomic DB-MPFLR with an ipsilateral semitendinosus tendon autograft. The graft was folded in half, and its central portion was hanged using the adjustable-length loop device. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2261-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6156865PMC
September 2018
22 Reads

[Influencing factors of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction for patellar dislocation].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 08;32(8):1047-1051

Department of Sports Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming Yunnan, 650032, P.R.China.

Objective: To review the influencing factors of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction for patellar dislocation.

Methods: The literature of MPFL reconstruction for patellar dislocation at home and abroad in recent years were summarized and analyzed.

Results: The influencing factors such as the location of the femoral insertion point, the tension and the fixed angle of the grafts, the dysplasia of the femoral trochlear before operation, the abnormal tuberositas tibiae-trochlear groove value, the high position of the patellar, and the tilting angle of the patellar, are all the factors affecting the effectiveness of MPLF reconstruction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201710049DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Combined reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral and medial patellotibial ligaments: outcomes and prognostic factors.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Feb 20;27(2):507-515. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Meir General Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel.

Purpose: To report outcomes after combined medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) and medial patellotibial ligament (MPTL) reconstruction and test associations between prognostic factors and clinical outcomes. It was hypothesised that combined MPFL and MPTL reconstruction would result in significant improvement in function, and that outcomes would be associated with age, sex, Beighton score, concomitant articular lesions, and preoperative function.

Methods: All combined reconstructions of MPFL and MPTL were reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5145-6DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Patella incarceration with associated patella fracture: a rare case of a paediatric patient with no associated femoral fracture.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 14;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Trauma and Orthopaedic Department, West Hertfordshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Watford, UK.

We describe the case of a 15-year-old girl who presented to the Accident and Emergency Department with right knee pain and a tense effusion following a twist and fall directly onto her right knee. An MRI scan demonstrated that she had an incarcerated dislocated patella with an associated patella avulsion fracture. This required open reduction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226603DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

[A boy with a twisted knee].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 08 10;162. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

St. Antonius Ziekenhuis, afd. Traumachirurgie, Nieuwegein.

A 14-year-old boy presented with a painful knee following a distorsion. He was unable to actively extend his lower leg. Conventional radiography showed no signs of a fracture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2018
2 Reads

No Growth Disturbance After Trochleoplasty for Recurrent Patellar Dislocation in Adolescents With Open Growth Plates.

Am J Sports Med 2018 Nov 10;46(13):3209-3216. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Orthopaedic Specialty Clinic, MVZ Oberstdorf, Teaching Hospital of the University of Ulm, Oberstdorf, Germany.

Background:: Trochlear dysplasia is the most important risk factor for patellofemoral instability among adolescents; therefore, trochleoplasty to reshape the trochlear groove is the treatment of choice for patients with high-grade trochlear dysplasia. However, in the presence of open growth plates, there is a potential risk of injury to the distal femoral growth plate and subsequent growth disturbance. As such, most authors do not recommend trochleoplasty for skeletally immature patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518794671DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Bipolar Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation of the Patella and Trochlea.

Cartilage 2018 Sep 3:1947603518796124. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Baldwin Park, CA, USA.

Objective To evaluate clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent bipolar osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCAT) of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ). Design Prospectively collected data on 18 knees who underwent fresh osteochondral allograft transplantation of the patella and trochlea by a single surgeon were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were: high-grade chondral lesions of PFJ (5 knees), or recurrent patella dislocations with trochlear dysplasia and chondral injury to the patella and/or trochlea (13 knees). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1947603518796124DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Bilateral Hypoplasia of Both Medial and Lateral Menisci Partially Fused With the Cartilage Surface of the Tibial Plateau.

Orthopedics 2018 Nov 21;41(6):e884-e887. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Hypoplastic meniscus is an extremely rare abnormality. The authors present the first case of meniscal hypoplasia with a partial fusion of meniscus and tibial cartilage. A 22-year-old man underwent surgery for a chronic patellar dislocation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20180815-08DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Closed Emergency Department Reduction of a Superior Patellar Dislocation After Blunt Trauma.

J Emerg Med 2018 10 10;55(4):567-569. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

University of Arizona, College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona; University of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.06.020DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Bilateral congenital dislocation of the patella associated with synostosis of proximal tibiofibular and proximal radioulnar joints: A case report.

Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi 2018 Aug;29(2):123-7

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medicine Faculty of Gazi University, 06500 Beşevler, Ankara, Turkey.

Congenital dislocation of the patella is a rare and difficult pathology to treat. We present a case of bilateral congenital dislocation of the patella with synostosis of proximal tibiofibular and proximal radioulnar joints without genu valgum deformity of both knees in a 30-year-old man. To our knowledge, congenital dislocation of the patella associated with synostosis of proximal tibiofibular and proximal radioulnar joints has not been reported in the literature yet. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5606/ehc.2018.61318DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Incidence of second-time lateral patellar dislocation is associated with anatomic factors, age and injury patterns of medial patellofemoral ligament in first-time lateral patellar dislocation: a prospective magnetic resonance imaging study with 5-year follow-up.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Jan 14;27(1):197-205. Epub 2018 Jul 14.

Department of Ultrasonography, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital of Shandong University, 16766 Jingshi Rd, Li-Xia District, Jinan, 250014, China.

Purpose: To examine the predictors of the second-time lateral patellar dislocation (LPD) in patients after acute first-time LPD in a 5-year follow-up.

Methods: Data were collected prospectively from patients after acute first-time LPD with conservative treatment. Factors included sex, age at the first-time LPD, anatomical variants [trochlear dysplasia, patellar height, tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance], and injury patterns of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) in acute first-time LPD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5062-8DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Histopathological and electron microscopic study in dogs with patellar luxation and skin hyperextensibility.

J Vet Med Sci 2018 Aug 6;80(8):1309-1316. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Synergy Animal General Hospital, 815 Ishigami Kawaguchi, Saitama 333-0823, Japan.

Patellar luxation is abnormal displacement of the patella from the femoral trochlear groove. It is seen primarily in small breed dogs and causes pain and limited mobility of the stifle joint. This study aimed to investigate the relationship among patellar luxation, skin extension, and skin collagen fibril diameter. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.18-0115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6115261PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Does patella alta lead to worse clinical outcome in patients who undergo isolated medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction? A systematic review.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Nov 11;138(11):1563-1573. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Department of Clinical Research, University of Basel, Schanzenstr. 55, 4051, Basel, Switzerland.

Introduction: The aim of this systematic review is to determine the effect of patella height on clinical outcomes after isolated MPFL reconstruction for patella instability. Our primary hypothesis is that patients with patella alta report similar outcomes after isolated MPFL reconstruction compared to patients with normal patella height.

Methods: A review of the literature was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-2971-4DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

[Application of MRI in diagnosis of transient dislocation of patella].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Jun;31(6):577-581

Department of Radiology, the Third People's Hospital of Cixi, Cixi 315324, Zhejiang, China;

Objective: To explore the diagnostic value of MRI in the transient dislocation of the patella.

Methods: The DR and MRI data of 35 patients with acute patellar transient dislocation from January 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 12 males and 23 females, ranging in age from 10 to 23 years old, with an average of 17 years old. The differences between DR and MRI diagnosis and surgical or discharge diagnosis were compared, and the difference between them in diagnosis of knee anatomical position, bone injury, signs and soft tissue injury were compared. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2018.06.018DOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads

Descending genicular artery injury following transient lateral patellar dislocation.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2018 Jun 24;9(Suppl 2):S39-S43. Epub 2018 Feb 24.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery B, Integrated University Hospital, Polo Chirurgico Confortini, Piazzale A. Stefani 1, 37126 Verona, Italy.

Transient lateral patellar dislocation (TLPD) is a common lesion in young adults. Vascular injury as a complication of TLPD has not been previously described. We report a case of descending genicular artery (DGA) injury after TLPD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcot.2018.02.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008641PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Medial patellofemoral ligament repair restores stability in pediatric patients when compared to reconstruction.

Knee 2018 Aug 6;25(4):602-608. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Ave, MU 320-W, San Francisco, CA 94143, United States.

Background: Pediatric patellar instability has a high recurrence rate with non-operative care, and medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction has known complications. MPFL repair offers an alternative method to restore patellar stability. This study's purpose was to assess the outcomes of MPFL repair in a pediatric cohort, and to compare these outcomes to a cohort of pediatric patients who underwent MPFL reconstruction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2018.05.004DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Changes in femoral trochlear morphology following surgical correction of recurrent patellar dislocation associated with trochlear dysplasia in children.

Bone Joint J 2018 06;100-B(6):811-821

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hebei Medical University Third Affiliated Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in femoral trochlear morphology following surgical correction of recurrent patellar dislocation associated with trochlear dysplasia in children.

Patients And Methods: A total of 23 patients with a mean age of 9.6 years (7 to 11) were included All had bilateral recurrent patellar dislocation associated with femoral trochlear dysplasia. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.100B6.BJJ-2017-1295.R1DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Familial patellar dislocation associated with t(15;20) (q24;q13.1).

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2018 May-Aug;26(2):2309499018777026

3 Department of Health, Clinical Genetic Service, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.

Patellar instability is a common debilitating injury affecting young active individuals. It accounts for approximately 3% of all knee injuries. We report a family, of which five members across three generations, who suffered from autosomal dominant familial recurrent patellar dislocation as well as short stature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499018777026DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Operative Repair of Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Injury Versus Knee Brace in Children With an Acute First-Time Traumatic Patellar Dislocation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Am J Sports Med 2018 Aug 30;46(10):2328-2340. Epub 2018 May 30.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Sweden.

Background: A lateral patellar dislocation (LPD) is the most common traumatic knee injury with hemarthrosis in children. The redislocation rate is high. Varying operative and nonoperative treatments have been advocated with no consensus on the best treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518770616DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

[Arthroscopic treatment for patellar dislocation with lateral retinacular release combined with medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 02;32(2):169-173

Department of Orthopedics, No.3 Hospital of Xi'an, P.R.China.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of the arthroscopic lateral retinacular release combined with medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction for patellar dislocation.

Methods: Between January 2016 and March 2017, 28 cases (32 knees) with patellar dislocation were treated by arthroscopic lateral retinacular release and MPFL reconstruction. There were 6 males (6 knees) and 22 females (26 knees) with an average age of 21 years (range, 17-29 years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201711050DOI Listing
February 2018
3 Reads