N Engl J Med 2021 03;384(11):1028-1037
From the Department of Haematology, St. James's University Hospital, Leeds (P.H., M.G.), and Lisa Tan Pharma Consulting, Cambridge (L.T.) - both in the United Kingdom; the Department of Clinical Haematology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Center and Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (J.S.); Jane Anne Nohl Division of Hematology, Keck School of Medicine of USC, Los Angeles (I.W.); the Department of Hematology, West German Cancer Center University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen (A. Röth), the Institute of Transfusion Medicine, University of Ulm and Institute of Clinical Transfusion Medicine and Immunogenetics, German Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service and University Hospital Ulm, Ulm (B.H.), and the Department of Oncology, Hematology, Hemostaseology and Stem Cell Transplantation, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen (J.P.) - all in Germany; the Department of Hematology, NTT Medical Center Tokyo, Tokyo (K.U.), and the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama (H.N.) - both in Japan; Centre d'Investigations Cliniques (J.-J.K.) and the French Reference Center for Aplastic Anemia and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (R.P.T.), Hôpital Saint-Louis, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université de Paris, Paris; the Department of Medicine, Division of Hematologic Malignancies and Cellular Therapy, Duke University, Durham, NC (C.C.); Apellis Pharmaceuticals, Waltham, MA (M.H., P.D., C.F., F.G., T.A.); and the Hematology and BMT Unit, AORN San Giuseppe Moscati, Avellino, Italy (A. Risitano).
Background: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, acquired disease characterized by chronic complement-mediated hemolysis. C5 inhibition controls intravascular hemolysis in untreated PNH but cannot address extravascular hemolysis. Pegcetacoplan, a pegylated peptide targeting proximal complement protein C3, potentially inhibits both intravascular and extravascular hemolysis. Read More