4,005 results match your criteria Paraspinal Injections - Facet Joint and Nerve Root Blocks


The Impact of Cervical Spinal Muscle Degeneration on Cervical Sagittal Balance and Spinal Degenerative Disorders.

Clin Spine Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Study Design: This is a retrospective analysis of kinematic magnetic resonance images (kMRI).

Objective: To assess the association of cervical paraspinal muscle with cervical sagittal balance and degenerative spinal disorders.

Summary Of Background Data: Although the effects of spinal disorders and cervical imbalance on patient's symptoms have been well described, the relationship of the cervical muscle quality and volume to cervical imbalance or spinal disorders is not well established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BSD.0000000000000789DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of the trunk position on muscle stiffness that reflects elongation of the lumbar erector spinae and multifidus muscles: an ultrasonic shear wave elastography study.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Physical Therapy, Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 53 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Purpose: The present study aimed to clarify the effects of the trunk position on muscle stiffness that reflects elongation of the lumbar erector spinae and lumbar multifidus muscles using ultrasonic shear wave elastography (SWE).

Methods: The study included ten healthy men. The shear elastic modulus of the left lumbar erector spinae and lumbar multifidus muscles were evaluated using ultrasonic SWE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04098-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Paraspinal Muscle DTI Metrics Predict Muscle Strength.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: The paraspinal muscles play an important role in the onset and progression of lower back pain. It would be of clinical interest to identify imaging biomarkers of the paraspinal musculature that are related to muscle function and strength. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) enables the microstructural examination of muscle tissue and its pathological changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmri.26679DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Chondrosarcoma arising within synovial chondromatosis of the lumbar spine.

Skeletal Radiol 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Radiology and Department of Orthopedics, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Synovial chondromatosis is an uncommon benign neoplasm that usually affects large appendicular joints and only rarely the spine. There are only a few small series and case reports documenting malignant transformation of synovial chondromatosis into secondary chondrosarcoma, typically within the hip in the setting of recalcitrant disease and multiple recurrences. Chondrosarcoma arising in synovial chondromatosis of the spine is exceedingly rare, with only one previously published case report involving the craniocervical junction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-019-03170-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification of aggressive Gardner syndrome phenotype associated with a de novo APC Variant, c.4666dup.

Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Mayo Clinic;

Gardner Syndrome describes a variant phenotype of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), characterized primarily by extracolonic lesions including osteomas, dental abnormalities, epidermal cysts, and soft tissue tumors. We describe a two-year old boy presenting with a 2 cm soft tissue mass of the forehead. Pathologic evaluation revealed a nuchal-type/Gardner-associated fibroma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/mcs.a003640DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Quantification of fat and skeletal muscle tissue at abdominal computed tomography: associations between single-slice measurements and total compartment volumes.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Radiology, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53127, Bonn, Germany.

Purpose: Body composition is of great prognostic value in several severe diseases, including different types of cancer as well as cardiometabolic disorders. We aimed to investigate the correlations of skeletal muscle mass and abdominal adipose tissue compartments between volumetric and single-slice measurements to study the usefulness of several anatomical landmarks for estimation of total compartment volumes using abdominal CT-scans.

Methods: In this retrospective study volumetric quantifications of paraspinal skeletal muscles (SM) and adipose tissue compartments (visceral adipose tissue, VAT; subcutaneous adipose tissue, SAT) were performed in 50 consecutive patients (26 male; mean age, 63 ± 15 years) who underwent abdominal multislice-CT for diagnostic purposes using an in-house software. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-01912-9DOI Listing
January 2019

Relationship between the benefits of paraspinal mapping and diffusion tensor imaging and the increase of decompression levels determined by conventional magnetic resonance imaging in degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.

J Orthop Surg Res 2019 Jan 22;14(1):23. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Technology and Implant Materials, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, 151Yanjiang Road, 510120, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Background: In lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), at most times, several levels are impaired and selecting the correct level remains a common problem for surgeons, as surgery remains invasive, and extended laminectomy may lead to secondary surgical complications. Therefore, helping to select the correct level may be useful for surgeons. The use of diffuse tensor imaging (DTI) and paraspinal mapping (PM) in addition to conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be helpful (Chen et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1065-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341682PMC
January 2019

Defining the Normal Trends of Serum Creatine Kinase Levels Following Spinal Surgery.

Asian Spine J 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, GA, USA.

Study Design: Prospective, prognostic study, level II evidence.

Purpose: To define the normal change in the creatine kinase (CK) levels in patients undergoing prone or supine lumbar or cervical spine surgery and to determine if positioning influences the postoperative changes in the CK levels.

Overview Of Literature: Spine surgery is one of the most commonly performed and fastest growing areas of surgery in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2018.0191DOI Listing
January 2019

Primary paraspinal lumbar hydatid disease: A known diagnosis in an unusual localization.

Turk J Surg 2018 Dec 1;34(4):346-348. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Pathology, İzmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Although the liver and lung are the most common sites of hydatid disease, it can also be seen in other organs due to migration via systemic circulation. Paraspinal lumbar hydatid disease without the involvement of other organs is extremely rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/UCD.2016.3151DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Tumoral Calcinosis of the Neck in a Patient with Systemic Sclerosis.

Cureus 2018 Nov 13;10(11):e3585. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, USA.

Tumoral calcinosis (TC) is rare in patients with systemic sclerosis but is associated with morbidity. Paraspinal TC may cause severe pain and potentially devastating neurological deficits. Surgical decompression by removing the TC masses and applying surgical techniques to support the spine have provided substantial relief of the symptoms in the majority of cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3585DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334890PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Intramuscular electrical stimulus potentiates motor cortex modulation effects on pain and descending inhibitory systems in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, factorial, sham-controlled study.

J Pain Res 2019 3;12:209-221. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Post-Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil,

Background: Neuroplastic changes in nociceptive pathways contribute to severity of symptoms in knee osteoarthritis (KOA). A new look at neuroplastic changes management includes modulation of the primary motor cortex by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS).

Objectives: We investigated whether tDCS combined with intramuscular electrical stimulation (EIMS) would be more efficacious than a sham (s) intervention (s-tDCS/s-EIMS) or a single active(a)-tDCS/s-EIMS intervention and/or s-tDCS/a-EIMS in the following domains: pain measures (visual analog scale [VAS] score and descending pain modulatory system [DPMS], and outcomes, and analgesic use, disability, and pain pressure threshold (PPT) for secondary outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S181019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322702PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Renal Contrast on CT Myelography: Diagnostic Value in Patients with Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019 Feb 17;40(2):376-381. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

From the Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background And Purpose: The significance of renal contrast on CT myelography is uncertain. This project examined different patient populations undergoing CT myelography for the presence of renal contrast to determine whether this finding is of diagnostic value in spontaneous intracranial hypotension.

Materials And Methods: Four groups of patients were analyzed for renal contrast on CT myelography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5934DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Surgical treatment of posterior mediastinal neurogenic tumors.

J Surg Oncol 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Posterior mediastinal neurogenic tumors are among the most frequent mediastinal masses in adults. These tumors may be dumbbell shaped, extending into the spinal canal, exclusively paraspinal or apical tumors extending in the cervical region. In this report, we present our experience in the surgical resection of these tumors and discuss the surgical strategies for such tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.25381DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Rare variant of HSPG2 is not involved in the development of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: evidence from a large-scale replication study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 15;20(1):24. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Spine Surgery, The Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China.

Background: Rare variants of HSPG2 have recently been reported to function as a potential contributor to the susceptibility of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in the Caucasians. A replication study in the different population is warranted to validate the role of HSPG2 in AIS. The aim of this study was to determine the association between HSPG2 and AIS in the Chinese patients and to further investigate its influence on the phenotype of the patients. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2402-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334417PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Ascites relative enhancement during hepatobiliary phase after Gd-BOPTA administration: a new promising tool for characterising abdominal free fluid of unknown origin.

Eur Radiol 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Radiology, Bolzano Central Hospital, via Boehler 5, 39100, Bolzano, Italy.

Objectives: To correlate the degree of ascites enhancement during hepatobiliary phase after gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) administration with ascites aetiology.

Methods: IRB-approved retrospective study, need for informed consent was waived. We included 74 consecutive ascitic patients who underwent Gd-BOPTA-enhanced liver MRI including hepatobiliary phase (HBP) images between January 2014 and December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5932-yDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Negative Effects of Long-Duration Spaceflight on Paraspinal Muscle Morphology.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology Program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, Massachusetts.

Study Design: Prospective case series OBJECTIVE.: Determine the extent of paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and attenuation change after long-duration spaceflight and recovery on-Earth. Determine association between in-flight exercise and muscle atrophy. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00007632-900000000-9475
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002959DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

A primary meningioma of the lumbar spine with neck metastasis.

J Spinal Cord Med 2019 Jan 9:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

d Department of Orthopedic Surgery , Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University , Taipei , Taiwan.

Context: Approximately 25% of all primary spinal cord tumors are meningiomas, and 80% of these tumors occur in the thoracic region. Few meningiomas of the lumbar spine have been presented. Extracranial metastasis of meningioma occurs extremely rare, only in about 0. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10790268.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10790268.2018.1564993DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Exercise-induced muscle damage on the contractile properties of the lumbar paraspinal muscles: a laser displacement mechanomyographic approach.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Brisbane, 4072, Australia.

Purpose: This study investigated whether laser displacement mechanomyography (MMG) could detect acute injury of low back muscles following strenuous eccentric exercise.

Methods: Sixteen healthy adults (10 females, 6 males, mean ± standard deviation, age 21 ± 2.90 years, BMI 21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-04067-5DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Dry Needling-Induced Pneumothorax.

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2019 Jan;119(1):59-62

Dry needling is a widely used alternative therapy for musculoskeletal disorders, such as myofascial pain. The procedure involves placing a solid monofilament needle into myofascial trigger points or connective tissue to relieve pain. Some of the complications secondary to this procedure include cardiac tamponade, hematoma, infection, nerve injury, and pneumothorax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2019.009DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Refining the spinobulbar muscular atrophy phenotype by quantitative MRI and clinical assessments.

Neurology 2019 Feb 4;92(6):e548-e559. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

From the Copenhagen Neuromuscular Center, Department of Neurology (J.R.D., S.T.O., N.S.P., J.V.), and Department of Diagnostic Radiology (C.T.), Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: To investigate the phenotypic features, with emphasis on muscle, in 40 patients with spinobulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) using quantitative MRI, stationary dynamometry, questionnaires, and functional tests.

Methods: Patients with genetically confirmed SBMA were included. MRI was used to describe muscle involvement and quantify muscle fat fractions of arm, back, and leg muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000006887DOI Listing
February 2019

Quantitative clinical and autoimmune assessments in stiff person syndrome: evidence for a progressive disorder.

BMC Neurol 2019 Jan 3;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, USA.

Background: Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS) is an under-diagnosed disorder that affects mobility and the quality of life of affected patients. The aim of the study is to describe the natural history of SPS, the extent of accumulated disability and the associated clinical and immunological features in patients followed for up to 8 years in a single center.

Methods: Our collective cohort included 57 SPS patients. Read More

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https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12883-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1232-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317182PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

[Post-op paraspinal atrophy: Does the approach matter?]

Surg Neurol Int 2018 26;9(Suppl 4):S91-S96. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Clínica "La Pequeña Familia" - Junín, Buenos Aires - Argentina.

Objective: To compare the level of post-op muscle atrophy related to the different approaches used in segmental lumbar fusion for degenerative disease (midline vs. Wiltse vs. MIS TLIF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_310_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282173PMC
November 2018

A Comparison of the Abdominal and Lumbar Multifidus Muscle Size in Patients With Lumbar Spondylolisthesis and Healthy Patients at Rest and During Contraction Using Ultrasonography.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2018 Oct 26;41(8):691-697. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Spine Surgery, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Using ultrasonography, this study investigated the abdominal and lumbar multifidus muscle size in patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis compared with healthy patients at rest and during contraction.

Methods: This research was a nonexperimental, analytic case-control study. Ultrasound imaging was used to assess the thickness of the abdominal and lumbar multifidus muscles in 25 healthy patients and 25 patients with spondylolisthesis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01614754173027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2018.07.001DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Paraspinal muscle atrophy after posterior lumbar surgery with and without pedicle screw fixation with the classic technique.

Neurocirugia (Astur) 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Departamento de Neurocirugía, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España.

Objectives: Lumbar spine surgery causes a muscular injury during its approach that could worsen long-term postoperative functional results. This study aims to analyze the postoperative paraspinal atrophy associated with two types of intervention.

Material And Methods: Clinical records and lumbar magnetic resonance imaging were collected from a group of 41 patients, 20 underwent laminectomy with lumbar fixation due to lumbar spinal stenosis (fixation group) and another group of 21 underwent hemilaminectomy without fixation due to lumbar disc disease (non-fixation group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neucir.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Late onset of dropped head syndrome following mantle radiation therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 14;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Neurology, "SS Annunziata" hospital, Chieti, Italy.

Dropped head syndrome (DHS) is a rare condition, characterised by weakness of the cervical paraspinal muscles with sagging of the head. It is usually seen in association with neurological disorders and rarely can follow radiotherapy. We report a case of a 54-year-old man survivor of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), who developed DHS 28 years after radiotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226822DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Analysis of infectious spondylodiscitis: 7-years data.

Pak J Med Sci 2018 Nov-Dec;34(6):1445-1451

Prof. Meliha Meric Koc, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Infectious spondylodiscitis (SD) is an infectious disease that is rare and difficult to diagnose due to its non-specific clinical features. In this study, we aimed to describe the clinical and diagnostic features of infectious spondylodiscitis.

Methods: All patients who were diagnosed with SD at our hospital during a 7-year period from January 1, 2011 through December 31, 2017 were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.346.15717DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290200PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Prophylactic muscle flap reconstruction after complex spine surgery for degenerative disease: case series and institutional protocol.

J Spine Surg 2018 Sep;4(3):560-567

Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Wound complications can occur in up to 20% of patients following multilevel posterior spinal fusion. Currently, the use of local flaps has been reported in high-risk patients with a history of spinal neoplasm, radiation therapy, exposed hardware, multiple spine surgeries, or wound infections. However, there are no reports of prophylactic muscle flap wound closure in patients undergoing multi-level spinal fusion for degenerative pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jss.2018.07.04DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261757PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Proposal of a new exercise protocol for idiopathic scoliosis: A preliminary study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13336

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam-si.

In clinical practice, we found a unilateral instability in patients with right thoracic scoliosis during asymmetric spinal stabilization exercise (ASSE), which can be an important clue to identify the pathophysiology of idiopathic scoliosis (IS).We investigated the relationship between unilateral postural instability and weakness of paraspinal muscles according to curve pattern. And finally, we propose the new exercise method based on the curve pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310602PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Proton beam therapy for cancer in the era of precision medicine.

J Hematol Oncol 2018 Dec 12;11(1):136. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Precision radiotherapy, which accurately delivers the dose on a tumor and confers little or no irradiation to the surrounding normal tissue and organs, results in maximum tumor control and decreases the toxicity to the utmost extent. Proton beam therapy (PBT) provides superior dose distributions and has a dosimetric advantage over photon beam therapy. Initially, the clinical practice and study of proton beam therapy focused on ocular tumor, skull base, paraspinal tumors (chondrosarcoma and chordoma), and unresectable sarcomas, which responded poorly when treated with photon radiotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13045-018-0683-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290507PMC
December 2018

Microneurosurgical Removal of a Cervical Intramedullary Tumor Via Hemilaminoplasty: 3-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Yeditepe University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Intramedullary tumors of the spinal cord are rare and account for 2% to 8.5% of all central nervous system tumors. In adults, ependymomas are the most common intramedullary tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy297DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of the proximal coronary arteries in suspected pulmonary embolism: diagnostic images in 51% of patients using non-gated, dual-source CT pulmonary angiography.

Emerg Radiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Radiology Department, Vancouver General Hospital, 889 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada.

Purpose: This retrospective study reports the frequency and severity of coronary artery motion on dual-source high-pitch (DSHP), conventional pitch single-source (SS), and dual-source dual-energy (DE) CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) studies.

Methods: Two hundred eighty-eight consecutive patients underwent CTPA scans for suspected pulmonary embolism between September 1, 2013 and January 31, 2014. One hundred ninety-four at DSHP scans, 57 SS scans, and 37 DE scans were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-018-01661-0DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area predicts low back disability but not pain intensity.

Spine J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia.

Background And Context: The lumbar paraspinal muscles, including the erector spinae and multifidus, play an important role in movement and control of the spine. However, our understanding of their contribution to low back pain and disability is unclear. Systematic reviews have reported conflicting evidence for an association between paraspinal muscle size and low back pain, and a paucity of data examining muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and low back disability. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15299430183128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Infectious Spondylitis Mimics: Mechanisms of Disease and Imaging Findings.

Authors:
Humberto Morales

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2018 Dec 15;39(6):587-604. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Section of Neuroradiology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH. Electronic address:

Infectious processes of the spine are on the rise; in this scenario recognition of entities imitating infection is very important. The discovertebral unit is regarded as one of the most important and active sites in the spine. Importantly, the vertebral bony rim and the anterior corners of the vertebral bodies have significant vascularization, they are the last regions to ossify in the developmental process and suffer mechanical forces. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08872171183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sult.2018.11.006DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Esophageal Adenocarcinoma with Extensive Metastasis to Unexpected Sites: A Case Report.

Case Rep Oncol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):742-750. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Hematology/Oncology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA.

Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) with unexpected metastasis (UM) to unusual sites have been increasingly reported. EC with metastasis in general has a very high mortality and morbidity rate, and those with UM to unusual sites present another specific field that needs to be further studied in order to understand and manage the presentation. An extensive systematic review was recently completed regarding this field which identified characteristics and findings concerning patients with EC with UM sites. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494263
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276759PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Predictors of clinical success with stabilization exercise are associated with lower levels of lumbar multifidus intramuscular adipose tissue in patients with low back pain.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Dec 3:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

a Faculty of Kinesiology , University of New Brunswick , Canada.

Purpose: Investigate the construct validity of prognostic factors purported to predict clinical success with stabilization exercise for low back pain by exploring their associations with lumbar multifidus composition.

Methods: Patients with low back pain were recruited from a hospital imaging department. The presence of fivepredictors (age <40 years, positive prone instability test, aberrant trunk flexion movements, straight leg raise range of motion >91°, spinal hypermobility) were identified by standardized physical examination. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09638288.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1506510DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Scintigraphic evaluation of colonic transit in children with constipation using Ga-citrate.

World J Nucl Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):249-252

Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal - Nuclear Medicine Service, Brasília, Brasil.

The aim of this study was to assess the colonic transit in children and teenagers with chronic constipation. Twenty patients from 1.5 to 16 years old were included (mean age = 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/wjnm.WJNM_75_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6216734PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

[Avascular necrosis of paravertebral muscle after minimally invasive spine surgery:a report of 2 cases].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Nov;31(11):1046-1048

Department of Spinal Surgery, People's Hospital of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China;

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2018.11.012DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Unilateral percutaneous endoscopic debridement and drainage for lumbar infectious spondylitis.

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Dec 3;13(1):306. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 261 Huansha Road, Hangzhou, 310006, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

Background: The treatment of lumbar infectious spondylitis is controversial. In this study, we attempted to demonstrate that unilateral percutaneous endoscopic debridement with physiologic saline and negative pressure drainage postoperatively may achieve a satisfactory result in lumbar infectious spondylitis.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 17 patients with lumbar infectious spondylitis who underwent percutaneous endoscopic debridement and drainage (PEDD) through a posterolateral transforaminal approach. Read More

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https://josr-online.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1301
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-018-1009-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276136PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

Expanding the phenotype of filamin-C-related myofibrillar myopathy.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2019 Jan 19;176:30-33. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Copenhagen Neuromuscular Center, Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

We report three patients with a rare filamin C myofibrillar myopathy. They present with atypical symptoms that expand the phenotype of filaminopathy. The new findings are progressive contractures of muscles surrounding the temporomandibular joint, detailed single myofiber histology findings and demonstration of severe affection of paraspinal muscles on MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2018.11.013DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

[Lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy with a small intramedullary lesion in posterior spinal cord: a case report].

Authors:
Motomi Arai

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Dec 29;58(12):745-749. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Neurology, Seirei Mikatahara General Hospital.

We present the unique case of a patient with lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy (LRPN) and a small intramedullary lesion, probably an infarction, in the spinal cord. A previously healthy 58-year-old female developed acute severe pain involving the entire right lower limb, followed by weakness of the right lower limb a few hours later. The patient could not walk and was referred to our clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001213DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Acute traumatic thoracolumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome: case report.

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Oct 1:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Departments of1Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine and.

Although compartment syndrome can occur in any compartment in the body, it rarely occurs in the paraspinal musculature and has therefore only been reported in a few case reports. Despite its rare occurrence, acute paraspinal compartment syndrome has been shown to occur secondary to reperfusion injury and traumatic and atraumatic causes. Diagnosis can be based on clinical examination findings, MRI or CT studies, or through direct measurement of intramuscular pressures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.6.SPINE18186DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Establishment of an Uncomplicated Radiation-delayed Wound Healing Model Using Irradiation in Pigs.

Wounds 2019 Feb 22;31(2):59-64. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Introduction: Radiation-delayed wounds require diverse therapeutic strategies to achieve effective healing. However, the development of novel therapies with a radiation-delayed wound healing model is hindered by the lack of standardized animal models.

Objective: In this study, the authors propose and verify a procedure to establish a radiation-delayed wound healing model in pigs. Read More

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February 2019
2 Reads

Stabilization exercises combined with neuromuscular electrical stimulation for patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Oct 18. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Background: One proposed mechanism of chronic low back pain might be paraspinal muscle impairment. Commonly, this impairment is treated with stabilization exercises. However, the effect size of stabilization exercises has been previously reported to be small. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14133555183043
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.10.003DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

[Assessment of biomechanical properties of paraspinal muscles in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Nov;98(43):3485-3489

Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

To assess the bio-mechanical properties of paraspinal muscles in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The MyotonPro® device and shear wave elasticity imaging(SWEI) technique were applied to detect the paraspinal muscle tone (F), stiffness (S), relaxation time (R), Deborah number (C) and elasticity (D) of paravertebral muscles on the concave side and convex side of scoliosis curvature at several points: apex of the curve (a), upper (b) and lower (c) limits of the curve in 23 cases of AIS treated from October to December 2017 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital.Cobb angle of the main curve was measured on the standing anteroposterior whole spine radiograph. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.43.005DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Multilevel critical stenosis with minimal functional deficits: a case of cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2018 19;4:104. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

St. Luke's University Health Network, 801 Ostrum Street, Bethlehem, PA 18015 USA.

Introduction: We present a case of a previously asymptomatic and highly functional individual whose critical degenerative stenosis was exacerbated by recent trauma (motor vehicle accident), resulting in cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

Case Presentation: A 57-year-old African-American man with no significant past medical history presented to the Orthopaedic Surgery outpatient clinic with mild neck discomfort, stiffness, and bilateral hand numbness 4 days after being involved in a motor vehicle accident. He ambulated without assistive devices and displayed a tandem gait pattern with normal cadence. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41394-018-0138-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41394-018-0138-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6242883PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Cervical paraspinal muscle compartment pressure after laminoplasty: A cadaveric study.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Feb 22;60:132-137. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

Axial neck pain is a common complaint after cervical laminoplasty and the causes are still not well-understood. We hypothesized that abnormal paracervical muscle compartment pressures might be one of them. The cervical paraspinal muscle compartment pressures of 10 cadavers were measured in six different areas under four different conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.11.047DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

GNE Myopathy With Novel Mutations and Pronounced Paraspinal Muscle Atrophy.

Front Neurol 2018 8;9:942. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

GNE myopathy is characterized by distal muscle weakness, and caused by recessive mutations in . Its onset is characteristically in young adulthood, although a broad spectrum of onset age is known to exist. A large number of mutations in are pathogenic and this clinical phenotype can be difficult to differentiate clinically from other late-onset myopathies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236015PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Extensive Paraspinal Tuberculosis Masquerading Malignant Tumor in an Elderly Male.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1202-1204

Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Paraspinal tuberculosis is an uncommon manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, and in rare cases, these lesions can mimic malignant lesions. We report a case of an elderly man where imaging showed extensive left paraspinal lesion which was mimicking malignant neoplasm. The patient underwent L3-L4 unilateral partial laminotomy, there was grayish, relatively avascular lesion in the left paraspinal region, involving the left psoas muscle and going into the neural foramina, and a subtotal resection of the lesion could be performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_2_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208234PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Evaluation of the Correlation of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Electrodiagnostic Findings in Chronic Low Backache Patients.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1078-1083

Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common medical complaints and leading cause of workforce loss in many countries. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a highly sensitive method for the detection of lesions in the spine because of its excellent imaging of anatomical detail. However, MRI does not provide information about physiological nerve function and has relatively low specificity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_169_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208195PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Insights About the Neuroplasticity State on the Effect of Intramuscular Electrical Stimulation in Pain and Disability Associated With Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS): A Double-Blind, Randomized, Sham-Controlled Trial.

Front Hum Neurosci 2018 16;12:388. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Post-Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

There is limited evidence concerning the effect of intramuscular electrical stimulation (EIMS) on the neural mechanisms of pain and disability associated with chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS). To provide new insights into the EIMS long-term effect on pain and disability related to chronic MPS (primary outcomes). To assess if the neuroplasticity state at baseline could predict the long-term impact of EIMS on disability due to MPS we examined the relationship between the serum brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor (BDNF) and by motor evoked potential (MEP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00388DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232764PMC
October 2018
14 Reads
2.900 Impact Factor