7,860 results match your criteria Parasomnias


Vortioxetine improves rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(26):e21003

Department of Psychiatry, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine.

Rationale: Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a kind of sleep disturbance characterized by a loss of normal paralysis of REM sleep with dream enactment behavior during REM sleep. The pharmacotherapy options for treating RBD are limited and the use of antidepressants remains controversial. Further, the role of vortioxetine in RBD has not been evaluated so far. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000021003DOI Listing
June 2020
5.723 Impact Factor

Nightmares in Treatment-Seeking Youth: the Role of Cumulative Trauma Exposure.

J Child Adolesc Trauma 2020 Jun 18;13(2):249-256. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Psychiatric Research Institute, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR USA.

Although nightmares are frequently endorsed symptoms in children who have experienced trauma, limited research has been conducted on how nightmares vary with different forms of trauma exposure. Our goal was to assess the relationship between nightmares, trauma exposure, and symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in youth. A total of 4440 trauma exposed treatment-seeking youth (ages 7 to 18) were administered the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40653-019-00268-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7289908PMC

Sleepwalking and sleep-related eating associated with atypical antipsychotic medications: Case series and systematic review of literature.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2020 Jul - Aug;65:74-81. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Sleep Medicine, CentraCare, MN, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Sleep walking (SW) is a parasomnia behavior characterized by repetitious occurrence of ambulation during a partial arousal from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Sleep-related eating (SRE) is one of the complex sleep behaviors that may accompany SW. Emerging evidence suggests that NREM parasomnias can be associated with atypical antipsychotic medication use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2020.05.014DOI Listing

[Dental sleep medicine: A further introduction to an emerging dental discipline].

Authors:
F Lobbezoo G Aarab

Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd 2020 Apr;127(4):222-230

Dental sleep medicine is a discipline traditionally focusing on sleep-breathing disorders like snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. In everyday clinical practice, however, such disorders rarely occur in isolation. Rather, they frequently co-occur with other sleep disorders linked to dentistry, such as orofacial pain, dry mouth, hypersalivation, gastroesophageal reflux, and sleep bruxism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5177/ntvt.2020.04.20006DOI Listing

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)-Associated Guillain-Barré Syndrome: Case Report.

J Clin Neuromuscul Dis 2020 06;21(4):240-242

Department of Neurology and Neuroscience Institute, Allegheny General Hospital, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CND.0000000000000309DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7273962PMC

Pediatric Prevention: Sleep Dysfunction.

Pediatr Clin North Am 2020 Jun;67(3):559-571

Center for Behavioral Health, 13460 Walsh Drive, Boys Town, NE 68010, USA.

This article addresses the essential role of sleep in the medical, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive health of children. Sleep disorders common among children are defined along with the most common sleep concerns reported by caregivers. Prevention and intervention strategies are described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2020.02.010DOI Listing

Clinical bruxism semantics beyond academic debates: Normo- and patho-bruxism as a new proposal.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 May;47(5):547-548

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12967DOI Listing

[Changes of brain structural network properties in patients with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2020 Jan;40(1):125-130

Department of Neurology, People's Hospital of Henan University, Zhengzhou 450003, China.

Objective: To investigate the changes in behaviors and brain structural network in patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD).

Methods: Twenty patients with iRBD (iRBD group) and 22 healthy control subjects were evaluated using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and Hoehn-Yahr staging. Diffusion tensor imaging and graph- theoretical analysis were performed for analyzing the topological characteristics of brain structural networks of the patients, and the correlation between the behavioral changes and the changes in the topological characteristics of the brain networks was analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12122/j.issn.1673-4254.2020.01.20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040753PMC
January 2020

Sleep Problems Influence Emotional/Behavioral Symptoms and Repetitive Behavior in Preschool-Aged Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Unique Social Context of China.

Front Psychiatry 2020 16;11:273. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Sleep disturbances are common in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but research on this topic is still limited in China. In the current study, we evaluated the prevalence of sleep problems in preschool-aged children with ASD and to examine the correlations between sleep disturbances and emotional/behavioral symptoms and repetitive behavior in the unique social context of China. This study recruited 475 preschool-aged children aged 3-6 years old, including 252 children with ASD (mean age 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7179767PMC

[Nighttime restlessness in elderly patients: differential diagnosis and treatment - Differential diagnosis and therapy].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2020 May 29;145(9):634-638. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Elderly individuals, particularly those with cognitive impairment, are oftentimes restless during the night, and this increases the distress of relatives, professional carers and themselves. A number of conditions other than dementia need to be considered from nyctophobia and insomnophobia, to pain, specific motor disorders during sleep, parasomnias as REM-sleep behaviour disorder, dipping, hypoglycemia, withdrawal or excessive tea, coffee and alcohol consumption. A clear-cut differential diagnosis between dementia and delirium is not always possible, as dementia is the major risk factor for confusional states decreasing the vulnerability by anticholinergic medication and any other disruptive factor, biological or psychological. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1124-2374DOI Listing

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Nocturnal Eating Behavior and Sleep-Related Eating Disorder-Like Behavior in Japanese Young Adults: Results of an Internet Survey Using Munich Parasomnia Screening.

J Clin Med 2020 Apr 24;9(4). Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Japan Somnology Center, Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Tokyo 1510053, Japan.

Nocturnal (night) eating syndrome and sleep-related eating disorder have common characteristics, but are considered to differ in their level of consciousness during eating behavior and recallability. To date, there have been no large population-based studies determining their similarities and differences. We conducted a cross-sectional web-based survey for Japanese young adults aged 19-25 years to identify factors associated with nocturnal eating behavior and sleep-related eating disorder-like behavior using Munich Parasomnia Screening and logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9041243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230506PMC

Effects of Photobiomodulation in Children with Down Syndrome and Possible Sleep Bruxism: Protocol For A Randomized, Controlled, Blind, Clinical Trial: Study protocol clinical trial (SPIRIT compliant).

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(17):e19904

Universidade Nove de Julho, UNINOVE, São Paulo.

Hypotonia, particularly of the masticatory and oropharyngeal muscles, is 1 of the main characteristics of Down Syndrome (DS), resulting in impaired speech, chewing and swallowing. Moreover, the complete or partial obstruction of the airways during sleep may occur due to hypotonia of the tongue, leading to snoring and sleep disorders, such as obstructive apnea and sleep bruxism. OBJECTIVE:: Analyze salivary levels of dopamine and cortisol and muscle activity before and after treatment with low-level laser therapy administered to acupoints in children with DS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019904DOI Listing

Daytime masticatory muscle electromyography biofeedback regulates the phasic component of sleep bruxism.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 Jul 14;47(7):827-833. Epub 2020 May 14.

Division of Fixed Prosthodontics, Department of Restorative & Biomaterials Sciences, Meikai University School of Dentistry, Sakado, Japan.

Background: Electromyography (EMG) biofeedback (BF) training is potentially an effective cognitive-behavioural approach to regulate bruxism.

Objective: This study examined sleep bruxism regulation by daytime clenching control using a single-channel auditory EMG BF device.

Methods: Seventeen male subjects (mean age, 24. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12979DOI Listing

Association of eszopiclone, zaleplon, or zolpidem with complex sleep behaviors resulting in serious injuries, including death.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2020 Jun 22;29(6):684-691. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Division of Pharmacovigilance, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Office of Surveillance and Epidemiology, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.

Purpose: To identify and analyze postmarketing cases of complex sleep behaviors (CSBs) resulting in serious injuries, including death, associated with eszopiclone, zaleplon, or zolpidem (Z-drugs).

Methods: Retrospective analysis of the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pds.5004DOI Listing

Impact of Sleep Bruxism on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life.

Int J Prosthodont 2020 May/Jun;33(3):285-291

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of possible tooth grinding (TG) and possible sleep bruxism (SB) and to examine their impacts on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Asian adults.

Materials And Methods: A total of 3,072 subjects (18 to 65 years of age) from 12 dental centers were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire on TG/SB and OHRQoL, and 2,417 were included in the study. Participants were subsequently categorized into three groups (no TG/SB, possible TG, and possible SB) based on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11607/ijp.6782DOI Listing

Association of sleep terror, walking or talking and tinnitus.

J Formos Med Assoc 2020 Apr 11. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Sleep disturbances are associated with chronic tinnitus in humans. However, whether parasomnias are associated with chronic tinnitus is unclear. This study aims to investigate this issue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2020.03.014DOI Listing

Exploding head syndrome, chronotype, parasomnias and mental health in young adults.

J Sleep Res 2020 Apr 13:e13044. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Although inadequate sleep among young people is well documented in the literature, anomalous sleep experiences, such as the parasomnia termed exploding head syndrome (EHS), have received little empirical attention. The current study examined the association of sleep quality, symptoms of psychological distress and other unusual sleep experiences with EHS in a sample of young adults (n = 135, age M = 21.77, SD = 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13044DOI Listing

Alcohol and Parasomnias: The Statistical Evaluation of the Parasomnia Defense in Sexual Assault, Where Alcohol is Involved.

Authors:
Neil A Munro

J Forensic Sci 2020 Jul 7;65(4):1235-1241. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

East Grinstead Sleep Centre, Queen Victoria Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Holtye Rd, East Grinstead, RH19 3DZ, U.K.

Sleep sex may be a defense for alleged sexual assault. The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD3) states: "Disorders of arousal should not be diagnosed in the presence of alcohol intoxication… The former [alcohol blackouts] are exponentially more prevalent." A panel member of ICSD3, quoting ICSD3 asserts: "alcohol intoxication should rule out a sleep-walking defense". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14322DOI Listing

Automatic sleep staging using heart rate variability, body movements, and recurrent neural networks in a sleep disordered population.

Sleep 2020 Apr 6. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

Study Objectives: To validate a previously developed sleep staging algorithm using heart rate variability (HRV) and body movements in an independent broad cohort of unselected sleep disordered patients.

Methods: We applied a previously designed algorithm for automatic sleep staging using long short-term memory recurrent neural networks to model sleep architecture. The classifier uses 132 HRV features computed from electrocardiography and activity counts from accelerometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsaa048DOI Listing

Randomized pilot trial for the efficacy of the MMF07 foot massager and heat therapy for restless legs syndrome.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(4):e0230951. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, Center for Biostatistics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America.

Background: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor condition with a wide range of severity. Symptoms negatively affect sleep and quality of life. Pharmacologic options are not universally effective and side effects are common. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0230951PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7117678PMC

Social, emotional, and behavioral problems and parent-reported sleep bruxism in schoolchildren.

J Am Dent Assoc 2020 05 26;151(5):327-333. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Background: A number of theories associate emotional factors with the triggering of sleep bruxism (SB). Few studies have used validated instruments to assess psychological characteristics and SB in children. In this study, the authors aimed to assess the prevalence of parent-reported SB in children and its association with social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adaj.2020.01.025DOI Listing

An approach to excessive daytime sleepiness in adults.

BMJ 2020 Mar 27;368:m1047. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Department of Thoracic Medicine, University College London Hospital, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1047DOI Listing

Sleep Disturbance in Pediatric Intracranial Hypertension.

J Clin Sleep Med 2020 Mar 24. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Neurology and Sleep Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.

Study Objectives: There is a well-established association between headache disorders and sleep disturbances in children, but it is unknown if sleep disturbance plays a role in pediatric intracranial hypertension. The objective of this study was to examine sleep issues related to pediatric intracranial hypertension.

Methods: Patients with intracranial hypertension who were followed in the Pediatric Intracranial Hypertension Clinic were recruited between July 2017 and September 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.8436DOI Listing

Sleep Disturbance in Pediatric Intracranial Hypertension.

J Clin Sleep Med 2020 Mar 24. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Neurology and Sleep Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.

Study Objectives: There is a well-established association between headache disorders and sleep disturbances in children, but it is unknown if sleep disturbance plays a role in pediatric intracranial hypertension. The objective of this study was to examine sleep issues related to pediatric intracranial hypertension.

Methods: Patients with intracranial hypertension who were followed in the Pediatric Intracranial Hypertension Clinic were recruited between July 2017 and September 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/jc-19-00636DOI Listing

Cotard's Parasomnia: Le Délire de Negation that occur during the Sleep-Wake Dissociation?

J Clin Sleep Med 2020 Mar 20. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Sleep and Brain Plasticity Centre, Department of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London, U.K.

None: Unpleasant dreamlike mentation can occur during NREM parasomnias, leading to associated panic attacks. The mentations are rarely remembered, and are likely underreported. However, they may lead to significant personal distress, and if not addressed, may contribute to poorer clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/jc-19-00659DOI Listing

Intractable Restless Legs Syndrome - Look for Other Causes.

Ann Acad Med Singapore 2020 Jan;49(1):37-40

Division of Neurology, University Medicine Cluster, National University Hospital, Singapore.

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January 2020

The prevalence of insomnia and restless legs syndrome among Japanese outpatients with rheumatic disease: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2020 20;15(3):e0230273. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Medical and Dental Sciences, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.

The prevalence of symptomatic insomnia and the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) are known to be higher among patients with rheumatic diseases compared to the general population. The prevalences of insomnia and RLS reported in a questionnaire by Japanese patients with rheumatic diseases at an outpatient clinic were analyzed herein. The association between the patients' disease activity and their sleep quality was analyzed. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0230273PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083624PMC

Cotard parasomnia: le délire de negation that occur during the sleep-wake dissociation?

J Clin Sleep Med 2020 Jun;16(6):971-976

Sleep and Brain Plasticity Centre, Department of Neuroimaging, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London, United Kingdom.

None: Unpleasant dreamlike mentation can occur during non-rapid eye movement parasomnias, leading to associated panic attacks. The mentations are rarely remembered and are likely underreported. However, they may lead to significant personal distress and, if not addressed, may contribute to poorer clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.8430DOI Listing

Association of gender, oral habits, and poor sleep quality with possible sleep bruxism in schoolchildren.

Braz Oral Res 2020 16;34:e019. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC, School of Dentistry , Department of Pediatric Dentistry , Florianópolis , SC , Brazil .

The aim of this study was to verify the oral habits, symptoms, and characteristics of some children aged 8 to 10 years that could be associated with possible sleep bruxism. A cross-sectional study was performed. Questionnaires were sent to parents to obtain information on sex, age, school shift, sleep quality, parents' perception of children's behavior, and children's oral habits (nail biting, object biting, and lip biting), and symptoms such as headache or earache. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0019DOI Listing

[Intravenous iron for restless legs syndrome. Report of five cases].

Rev Med Chil 2019 Dec;147(12):1569-1571

Departamento de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental Norte, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872019001201569DOI Listing
December 2019

Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in subjects with sleep disorders.

Sleep Med 2020 Jul 19;71:113-121. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler Klinik, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria; Centre for Cognitive Neurosciences Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; University for Medical Informatics and Health Technology, UMIT, Hall in Tirol, Austria.

In this review, we aimed at identifying the studies that have employed repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with sleep disorders. Low-frequency (LF) rTMS stimulating the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) or the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) was found to be effective to reduce cortical hyperexcitability and improve the sleep quality in subjects with chronic primary insomnia (PI). Both high-frequency (HF) and LF rTMS applied over the primary motor cortex or the supplementary motor cortex seem to have transient beneficial effects in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2020.01.028DOI Listing
July 2020
3.154 Impact Factor

Migraine and Sleep in Children: A Bidirectional Relationship.

Pediatr Neurol 2020 Feb 11. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Divison of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatircs, Cohen Children's Medical Center, Lake Success, New York; Pediatric Sleep Program (Neurology), Department of Pediatircs, Cohen Children's Medical Center, Lake Success, New York; Pediatric Neurology Service Line for Northwell Health, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York; Pediatrics & Neurology, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York. Electronic address:

Migraine and sleep disorders in children exhibit a bidirectional relationship. This relationship is based on shared pathophysiology. Migraine involves activation of the trigeminal vascular system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2019.12.013DOI Listing
February 2020

Behavioral Interventions for Sleep Disturbances in Children with Neurological and Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Sleep 2020 Mar 12. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Study Objectives: Sleep disturbances are common and associated with negative functional and health consequences in children with neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders (NNDDs), and represent an important potential target for behavioral interventions. This systematic review examined the efficacy of behavioral sleep interventions (BSIs) for children with NNDDs and comorbid sleep disturbances.

Methods: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, and CENTRAL was conducted in April 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsaa040DOI Listing

Abnormal things happening during sleep: parasomnias.

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2020 Mar 5;53(2):119-122. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Hermann Buhl Institute for Hypoxia and Sleep Medicine Research, Bad Aibling, Germany.

Parasomnias are characterized by abnormal experiences, dreams, movements and behavior during sleep. They may occur in the middle of the sleep during REM (rapid eye movement) or NREM (non-rapid eye movement), during falling asleep or waking up. Characteristically for REM behavior disorder is an increased muscle tone although usually REM is defined by an absence of muscle tone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00391-020-01714-5DOI Listing

Distribution of temporomandibular disorders among sleep bruxers and non-bruxers-A polysomnographic study.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 Jul 12;47(7):820-826. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Introduction: Bruxism is often indicated as a risk factor for the occurrence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Despite the frequent co-occurrence of bruxism and TMD, the exact relationship between these phenomena has not been thoroughly explained, and their causal relationship is still considered controversial.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of TMD among sleep bruxers and non-bruxers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12955DOI Listing

A Case of Complex and Abnormal Behaviors at Night: The Role of the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit in Diagnosis.

Case Rep Neurol 2020 Jan-Apr;12(1):18-23. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Department of Neurology, Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Complex nocturnal behaviors associated with sleep have many potential causes, including parasomnias and epilepsy. Although the type of event and description can frequently lead to a diagnosis, sometimes it is challenging clinically to determine the cause of the behaviors, requiring a more in-depth investigation. We report the case of a 29-year-old woman with a long history of complex abnormal behaviors and visual hallucinations at night. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505230DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7011724PMC
January 2020

Patient-based experiences with the use of an ambulatory electromyographic device for the assessment of masticatory muscle activity during sleep.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 May 6;47(5):557-566. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Orofacial Pain & Dysfunction, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: It is important to know how easy or difficult it is to use an ambulatory electromyographic (EMG) device for sleep bruxism assessment, and how this might affect its future utilisation.

Objective: To explore the experience of individuals using an EMG device that pairs with a smartphone app, in order to detect factors that could facilitate and/or hamper its utilisation in future scientific research.

Methods: Fifteen adults were recruited in the Orofacial Pain and Dysfunction Clinic of the Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12945DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7317933PMC

[Study on the correlation between the mandibular masticatory muscle movement and sleep tooth wear].

Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Feb;38(1):54-58

Dept. of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China.

Objective: To investigate the correlation between the clinical diagnostic criteria of sleep bruxism and the frequency of mandibular movements during sleep.

Methods: Video polysomnography was used to record 20 healthy adults with at least one of the following clinical symptoms and signs: 1) report of frequent tooth grinding; 2) tooth wear and dentin exposure with at least three occlusal surfaces; 3) masticatory muscle symptoms in the morning; 4) masseter muscle hypertrophy. The rhythmic masticatory muscle activity (RMMA) and isolated tonic activity were scored to compare the correlations with clinical symptoms and signs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7518/hxkq.2020.01.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7184308PMC
February 2020

[REM Sleep Behavior Disorder and α-synucleinopathy].

Brain Nerve 2020 Feb;72(2):107-117

Department of Neurology, Dokkyo Medical University Saitama Medical Center.

REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) can progress to Parkinson's disease, Lewy body dementia, or multiple system atrophy within 20 years of onset. Accurate diagnosis of RBD is therefore important for early intervention. The development of markers that can more sensitively evaluate the effects of high-risk groups or candidate therapies that develop α-synucleinopathy in the short term is the key to a successful clinical trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1416201490DOI Listing
February 2020

Practice patterns of board-certified sleep medicine providers: a national analysis among older adult Medicare beneficiaries.

J Clin Sleep Med 2020 May 6;16(5):689-694. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Sleep Disorders Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Study Objectives: To examine the proportion of Medicare beneficiaries with sleep disorders who were evaluated by board-certified sleep medicine providers (BCSMPs).

Methods: Using a random 5% sample of Medicare administrative claims data (2007-2011), BCSMPs were identified by employing a novel cross-matching approach based on National Provider Identifiers available within the Medicare database. Sleep disorders were included based partially on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition (insomnia, sleep-related breathing disorders, hypersomnias, circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, parasomnias, and restless legs syndrome), and operationalized as International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnostic codes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5664/jcsm.8326DOI Listing

Acupuncture for restless legs syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis protocol.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jan;99(3):e18902

The First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Background: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder that causes an irresistible urge to move the legs. An increasing number of studies have been published in recent years to support the effectiveness of acupuncture for RLS. We will conduct a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the evidence of randomized controlled trials for acupuncture treatment of RLS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000018902DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220195PMC
January 2020

Towards a Standardized Tool for the Assessment of Bruxism (STAB)-Overview and general remarks of a multidimensional bruxism evaluation system.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 May 17;47(5):549-556. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Orofacial pain and Dysfunction, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The aim of the present paper was to give an overview of the general project and to present the macrostructure of a comprehensive multidimensional toolkit for the assessment of bruxism, viz. a bruxism evaluation system. This is a necessary intermediate step that will be detailed in a successive extended publication and will ultimately lead to the definition of a Standardized Tool for the Assessment of Bruxism (STAB) as the final product. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12938DOI Listing

Sleep and its disturbances in neurology.

Authors:
Karel Šonka

Cas Lek Cesk 2019 ;158(7-8):318-320

Sleep disturbances are important symptoms of neurological diseases and some so-called primary sleep disorders have a neurological nature. The development of medicine, the availability of sleep investigations and progress in the treatment of sleep disorders have caused that the care of neurological illness includes sleep-related problems. In addition, sleep disorders can be risk factors for neurological diseases (for example obstructive sleep apnea for stroke) or their prodromal stage (REM sleep behavior disorder is one of the first symptoms of synucleinopathies). Read More

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February 2020

Probable Sleep Bruxism in Children and its Relationship with Harmful Oral Habits, Type of Crossbite and Oral Breathing.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020 ;44(1):66-69

: To establish the prevalence of Probable Sleep Bruxism (PSB) and its association with gender, breast or bottle-feeding, posterior and anterior crossbite, oral habits and oral breathing. : Consists of a cross-sectional study in which 151 children were submitted to a clinical oral examination for the evaluation of tooth wear, muscle discomfort and the presence of anterior and/or posterior crossbite. Parents/caregivers were asked about the frequency of teeth grinding during the child's sleep and the occurrence of harmful oral habits, as well as the type of childbirth and breastfeeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17796/1053-4625-44.1.12DOI Listing
January 2020

Acupuncture and Moxibustion for restless legs syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis protocol.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jan;99(4):e18827

Henan Vocational College of Nursing, Henan, China.

Introduction: Previous reviews indicate that the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion (AM) on restless legs syndrome (RLS) remains uncertainty. The results of trials published in the past 12 years may possibly change this situation, but an updated systematic review is not available. We therefore designed this study to systematically assess the effectiveness and safety of AM for treating RLS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000018827DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7004730PMC
January 2020

Instrumental analysis of gait abnormalities in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder.

Mov Disord 2020 01;35(1):193-195

Department of Neurology and Centre of Clinical Neuroscience, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mds.27938DOI Listing
January 2020

A Clinically Applicable Interactive Micro and Macro-Sleep Staging Algorithm for Elderly and Patients with Neurodegeneration.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2019 07;2019:3649-3652

Elderly and patients with neurodegenerative diseases (NDD) often complain about sleep problems and show altered sleep structure. Automated algorithms for efficient and specific sleep staging are needed. We propose a new algorithm using only one electroencephalographic and two electrooculographic channels to score wakefulness, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM sleep in a cohort of elderly healthy controls (HC), patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), isolated REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD), considered the prodromal stage of PD, and patients with PD and RBD (PD+RBD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856705DOI Listing

Why Are Women Prone to Restless Legs Syndrome?

Authors:
Mary V Seeman

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 01 6;17(1). Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.

Restless legs syndrome is a relatively common neurologic disorder considerably more prevalent in women than in men. It is characterized by an inactivity-induced, mostly nocturnal, uncomfortable sensation in the legs and an urge to move them to make the disagreeable sensation disappear. Some known genes contribute to this disorder and the same genes contribute to an overlapping condition-periodic leg movements that occur during sleep and result in insomnia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6981604PMC
January 2020