32,355 results match your criteria Paranasal Sinuses


Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis as a Cause of Sudden-Onset Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Case Report and Recommendations for Initial Assessment.

Case Rep Otolaryngol 2021 20;2021:6632344. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Department of Surgery: Division of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA.

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a severe systemic vasculitis that commonly affects the paranasal sinuses, upper and lower respiratory tracts, and kidneys. GPA has also been associated with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), through inflammation of the cochlear apparatus. Early recognition, diagnostic laboratory evaluation, and appropriate treatment are essential to improve outcomes and achieve remission for patients with GPA. Read More

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Surgery with Post-Operative Endoscopy Improves Recurrence Detection in Sinonasal Malignancies.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2021 May 6:34894211011449. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Objective: The mainstay of treatment in sinonasal malignancy (SNM) is surgery, and when combined with chemoradiation therapy, often leads to the best overall prognosis. Nasal endoscopy is essential for post-treatment surveillance along with physical exam and radiologic evaluation. The ability to directly visualize the sinus cavities after surgery may also improve early detection of tumor recurrence and is another reason to potentially advocate for surgery in these patients. Read More

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Neurilemmoma of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses.

Authors:
Xindi He Ying Wang

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 5:1455613211007947. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Rhinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Objectives: Neurilemmoma in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is very rare. The study aimed to improve the understanding of neurilemmoma in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

Materials And Methods: The clinical data of 10 patients with neurilemmoma in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses treated from January 2014 to June 2019 in our hospital were retrospectively studied. Read More

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Sinonasal Extramedullary Plasmacytoma With Rare Osteolytic Lesions.

Cureus 2021 Mar 31;13(3):e14220. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Orthopedics, General Hospital of Patras, Patras, GRC.

Plasmacytomas are malignant tumors characterized by abnormal monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells. They originate either from bone or soft tissue and could be primary or a part of a systemic process during the course of multiple myeloma. Extramedullary plasmacytomas (EPs) in the sinonasal tract or nasopharynx are rare and mostly presented as case reports. Read More

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Macroscopic anatomy, radiography and computed tomography of normal paranasal sinuses of the adult one-humped dromedary (Camelus dromedarius).

Vet Med Sci 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Université de la Manouba, Sidi Thabet, Tunisia.

In order to improve the current knowledge of the topography and the anatomy of the paranasal sinuses of the one-humped dromedary (Camelus dromedarius), we applied both conventional and advanced imaging techniques, namely, radiography and computed tomography (CT). Twelve heads of healthy dromedaries were used; eight heads were dissected to obtain skulls for the fenestration of the sinuses, two heads underwent anatomical sections, and two heads were imaged respectively by radiography and CT. Sinus fenestration allowed observation of sinuses and their communications. Read More

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From ethmoidal air cells to ethmoturbinal passages.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

ORL et chirurgie cervico-faciale, bâtiment Louis Mathieu, hôpital de Brabois, université de Lorraine, CHRU de Nancy, allée du Morvan, 54600 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France.

The concept of ethmoidal sinuses composed of ethmoidal air cells does not appear to fit with the embryological origin of the ethmoid. Post-natal formation of the paranasal sinuses, as visualized by MRI, appears to be fundamentally different from the embryological development of the ethmoid sinus. These two organs also appear to have very distinct functions: paranasal sinuses play a role in respiration and sanitization of the respiratory tract, while the ethmoid sinus plays a role in olfaction. Read More

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[Prospects for a passive acoustic research method in otorhinolaryngology].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2021 ;86(2):66-72

L.I. Sverzhevskiy Research and Clinical Institute of Otorhinolaryngology of the Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow, Russia.

The authors of the article reviewed acoustic research methods in otorhinolaryngology. All acoustic diagnostic methods are divided into active and passive. Active acoustic methods are based on the emission of acoustic vibrations, in some cases with the subsequent reception and processing of reflected vibrations. Read More

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[Automated system of the determination of maxillary sinus morphometric parameters].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2021 ;86(2):49-53

Belarusian State Medical University, Minsk, Belarus.

The Aim Of The Study: Was to compare manual, semi-automatic and automatic methods for determining the maxillary sinus volume using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Material And Methods: CBCT images from 48 patients (96 maxillary sinuses) with no history of sinus and alveolar bone surgery, who were presented to Minsk medical centers, were used in this study. Neural network training was performed on CBCT scans of 42 patients (84 maxillary sinuses). Read More

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[Impact of reslizumab on the course of chronic rhinosinusitis in patients with eosinophilic asthma].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2021 ;86(2):43-48

Regional clinic hospital, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with polyps is associated with eosinophilic inflammation, in which the key mediator is interleukin - 5 (IL-5) and is often combined with asthma.

Research Objectives: To evaluate the therapeutic potential of reslizumab-humanized anti-IL-5 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of CRS with polyps in patients with severe asthma.

Patients And Methods: We investigated the cases of 9 patients with severe asthma treated with intravenous reslizumab at a dose of 3 mg per 1 kg of weight with regularity once in 4 weeks. Read More

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Komplikationen der Nebenhöhlenchirurgie und ihre Behandlung.

Authors:
G Rettinger

Laryngorhinootologie 2021 05 29;100(5):415-418. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

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Extradural anterior temporal fossa approach to the paranasal sinuses, nasal cavities through the anterolateral and anteromedial triangles: Combined microscopic and endoscopic strategy.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Lariboisière Hospital, University of Paris, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75010, Paris, France.

Objective: To demonstrate the utility and limitations of the extradural endoscopic-assisted anterior temporal fossa approach to the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF), infratemporal fossa (ITF), paranasal sinuses (PS), parapharyngeal region (PPR), nasal cavities (NC), epipharynx (EP), and clivus.

Methods: A frontotemporal orbitozygomatic craniotomy is performed. The dura is elevated from the cavernous sinus (CS). Read More

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Evaluation of the Association between Paranasal Sinus Osteomas and Anatomic Variations Using Computed Tomography.

Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Mar 26;59(1):54-64. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Gaziosmanpaşa University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Tokat, Turkey.

Objective: The pathogenesis of paranasal sinus osteoma (PSO) has not been fully elucidated. It is thought that both embryological and developmental factors play a role in the etiology. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of frequency and localization of PSOs detected on computed tomography (CT) examination with osteoma presence. Read More

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Treatment Modalities and Survival Outcomes for Sinonasal Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

Laryngoscope 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Irvine, California, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: This study utilizes a large population national database to comprehensively analyze prognosticators and overall survival (OS) outcomes of varying treatment modalities in a large cohort of sinonasal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (SN-DLBCL) patients.

Study Design: Retrospective database study.

Methods: The National Cancer Database was queried for all SN-DLBCL cases diagnosed from 2004 to 2015. Read More

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Benign fibrous histiocytoma of the maxilla: A rare case report and literature review.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jul-Dec;11(2):298-301. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of ENT, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India.

Benign fibrous histiocytoma (FH) is a benign soft-tissue tumor that can present as a fibrous tissue mass anywhere in the body. The involvement of the paranasal sinuses is extremely rare, and very few cases have been reported in literature till date. We here report a case of benign FH localized in the maxillary sinus. Read More

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December 2020

Prevalence of the anatomical variations of concha bullosa and its relation with sinusitis among Saudi population: a computed tomography scan study.

Anat Cell Biol 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.

Concha bullosa (CB) is a pneumatic cavitation inside a concha in the nasal cavity. It is one of the most widely recognized nasal variations and is mostly found in the middle concha. CB is divided according to its site into three types; lamellar, bulbous and extensive. Read More

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Ancestry-based variation in maxillary sinus anatomy: Implications for health disparities in sinonasal disease.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Center for Anatomical Sciences, Department of Physiology and Anatomy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas, USA.

Paranasal sinus drainage is mediated by mucociliary transport and gravity. However, human orthograde posture, along with the superior positioning of the maxillary sinus (MS) ostium, increases reliance on the mucociliary system. Previous research has thus suggested that differences in MS size and shape may impede mucociliary clearance, potentially contributing to disparities in sinusitis susceptibility. Read More

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Nasal Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma in the Pediatric Population: Literature Review and Report of Midline Presentation.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Apr 20;9(4):e3534. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Advocate Children's Hospital, Division of Pediatric Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, Park Ridge, Ill.

Background: Congenital midline nasal masses are rare anomalies and are typically benign nasal dermoid sinus cysts (NDSCs). Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) are even less common, and only a fraction affect sites like the external nose, nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and paranasal sinuses. We review the clinical presentation and treatment of nasal, nasopharyngeal, and paranasal RMSs and report the first documented midline presentation. Read More

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Clinical, sinonasal, and long-term smell and taste outcomes in mildly symptomatic COVID-19 patients.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Apr 22:e14260. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Introduction: Coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) has variable clinical, sinonasal, and smell/taste outcomes.

Methods: Observational study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in Amman, Jordan. Demographic data, clinical presentation and smoking status were collected. Read More

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The impact of Sambucus nigra L. extract on inflammation, oxidative stress and tissue remodeling in a rat model of lipopolysaccharide-induced subacute rhinosinusitis.

Inflammopharmacology 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Physiology, "Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Clinicilor Street, No. 1-3, 400006, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Rhinosinusitis is a common disorder related to inflammation of paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity mucosa. Herbal medicines could be an option in the treatment of rhinosinusitis due to their anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. The study aims to investigate the effect of intranasal Sambucus nigra L. Read More

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Sinonasal and gastrointestinal bacterial composition and abundance are stable after 1 week of once-daily oral antibiotic treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Surgery, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Despite the widespread prescription of antibiotics for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), their efficacy remains uncertain. Limited penetration of systemic antibiotics into the sinonasal mucosa has been reported previously by this group. This study aimed to investigate the short-term effects of antibiotics on the sinus and gut microbiota as well as any relationships these had with drug distribution. Read More

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Revision endoscopic frontal sinus surgery for refractory chronic rhinosinusitis via modified agger nasi approach.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):300060521995273

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The Affiliated Huai'an Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Huaian, China.

Objective: To examine the clinical effects of revision endoscopic frontal sinus surgery (RESS) through modified agger nasi (MAN)-middle turbinate resection on refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).

Methods: We reviewed 156 patients who were treated for refractory CRS from February 2012 to August 2014. These patients had been diagnosed with refractory CRS by computed tomography and endoscopy and had received several surgical and medical treatments in the past, but their condition had not been cured. Read More

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Single use device endoscopy for the diagnosis of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in primary care: A pilot and feasibility study.

Clin Otolaryngol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Basel Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Clinical Research, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Objective: Antibiotics are largely overprescribed for acute rhinosinusitis in primary care, mainly due to the lack of diagnostic tests to confirm or rule out bacterial infection. The study objective was to assess the on-site applicability and safety of the newly developed JGG endoscope® for the diagnosis of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in primary care.

Design: Five Swiss primary care centers and one university affiliated ENT unit participated in this single arm pilot-study. Read More

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Rosai-Dorfman-Destombes (RDD) disease presenting as palindromic rheumatism.

BMC Med Imaging 2021 Apr 15;21(1):72. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Radiology, University of California, UCSD Medical Center, 200 W Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA, 92103-2686, USA.

Background: Rosai-Dorfman-Destombes (RDD) disease, is a rare proliferative and inflammatory disorder of non-Langerhans cell histiocytes.

Case Presentation: We report a 35-year-old woman, who originally presented with recurrent episodes of lower extremity joint/bone pain and chronic nasal stuffiness and congestion. Her worsening nasal congestion was due to an obstructing nasal cavity lesion which was subsequently biopsied. Read More

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Dental findings on face and neck imaging.

Radiol Bras 2021 Mar-Apr;54(2):107-114

Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

When it is necessary to evaluate dental structures, the typical method is to obtain intraoral or panoramic X-rays at specialized dental clinics. However, in the daily practice of head and neck radiology, or even general radiology, it is common to encounter clinical situations or examination findings related to dental problems that should not be ignored. Because such problems can often be responsible for the clinical complaints of patients, this review aims to assist radiologists in identifying and describing common dental conditions on computed tomography of paranasal sinuses, face, and neck. Read More

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Sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma mimicking chronic invasive fungal disease of paranasal sinuses.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Anesthesiology, Clinical Research Office, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Sinonasal teratoid carcinosarcoma or teratocarcinoma is an extremely rare aggressive tumour. It usually arises in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. In this study, the authors described magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography findings from a patient with sinonasal teratocarcinoma. Read More

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Sinonasal mucosal melanoma: treatment strategies and survival rates for a rare disease entity : A single center experience and review of literature.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 26, 8036, Graz, Austria.

Background: Sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SNMM) is a rare disease entity comprising 0.4-1.3% of all melanomas. Read More

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Corticosteroid Therapy in Optic Neuropathy Secondary to Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma.

Cureus 2021 Mar 6;13(3):e13735. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, School of Medicine Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, MYS.

Introduction: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a tumor arising from the epithelial cells of the nasopharynx. NPC can spread and invade the base of skull, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pterygopalatine fossa, and apex of the orbit. However, the involvement of the optic nerve in NPC is rare. Read More

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Genetic alterations in Wnt family of genes and their putative association with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Genomics Inform 2021 Mar 26;19(1):e5. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Biomedical Research Unit and Laboratory Animal Centre-Dental Research Cell, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences (SIMATS), Saveetha University, Chennai 600077, India.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the most frequent type of head and neck cancer that usually arises from the mucosal surfaces of several organs including nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, and larynx. The Wnt signaling pathway is a crucial mechanism for cellular maintenance and development. It regulates cell cycle progression, apoptosis, proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Read More

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Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis: A review.

Surv Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery Service, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (SCST) is a rare, yet severe, process typically arising from infections of the paranasal sinuses (predominately ethmoid and/or sphenoid sinusitis) and less commonly, otogenic, odontogenic, and pharyngeal sources. Clinical symptoms of SCST arise from obstruction of venous drainage from the orbit and compression of the cranial nerves within the cavernous sinus. In the preantibiotic era SCST was considered universally fatal (80-100%); however, with the introduction of antibiotics the overall incidence, morbidity, and mortality of SCST have greatly declined. Read More

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Sunken Nose.

N Engl J Med 2021 04 3;384(14):e52. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA

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