59,612 results match your criteria Papillomavirus


High Prevalence of Cervical High-Grade Lesions and High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Infections in Women Living with HIV: A Case for Prioritizing Cervical Screening in This Vulnerable Group.

Acta Cytol 2022 Jun 27:1-11. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Division of Cytopathology, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, Noida, India.

Introduction: Women living with HIV (WLHIV) are at an increased risk of developing cervical precancerous lesions and cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of cervical lesions and high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) infection in WLHIV in comparison to the HIV-negative women undergoing opportunistic screening. In addition, these findings among WLHIV were correlated with the clinic-demographic factors. Read More

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Benchmarking and Assessment of Eight Genome Assemblers on Viral Next-Generation Sequencing Data, Including the SARS-CoV-2.

OMICS 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Virology Unit and Bioinformatics Centre, Institute of Microbial Technology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Chandigarh, India.

Viral genomics has become crucial in clinical diagnostics and ecology, not to mention to stem the COVID-19 pandemic. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is pivotal in gaining an improved understanding of viral evolution, genomic epidemiology, infectious outbreaks, pathobiology, clinical management, and vaccine development. Genome assembly is one of the crucial steps in WGS data analyses. Read More

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The relationship of 3'UTR HLA-G14-bp insertion/deletion and +3142 C/G polymorphisms and soluble HLA-G expression with gynecological cancers: An updated meta-analysis.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2022 Jul;10(7):e645

Laboratory Microorganismes and Active Biomolecules, Sciences Faculty of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Objectives: Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) is implicated in several cancers and is considered to be an immune checkpoint regulator. We determined the association between polymorphisms in the 3' untranslated region of HLA-G and soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) expression with gynecological cancers (GCs).

Methods: A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the association between HLA-G14-bp insertion (I)/deletion (D) and +3142C/G polymorphism in GC and to evaluate sHLA-G expression RESULTS: We revealed a significant association between the +3142C/G polymorphism and invasive cervical cancer (ICC) based on the allelic model G versus C (odds ratio [OR] = 0. Read More

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Methylated as a triage marker for occult cervical cancer and advanced cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

Future Oncol 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

To explore the appropriate triage methods for women infected with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV). A total of 424 out of 872 hrHPV-infected women were divided into cervicitis (n = 123), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN1; n = 89), CIN2 (n = 72), CIN3 (n = 87) and cervical cancer (n = 53) groups. The sensitivity/specificity of , and liquid-based cytology (LBC) for hrHPV-infected women with transformation zone 3 CIN3+ was 83. Read More

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Genotypic distribution and prevalence of human papillomavirus infection in an apparently healthy female population in Bangladesh.

IJID Reg 2021 Dec 21;1:130-134. Epub 2021 Oct 21.

Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, 1000, Bangladesh.

Objective: Human papillomavirus (HPV) comprises around 120 genotypically related viruses, classified into low- and high-risk HPVs, which are capable of replicating inside the keratinocytes of skin or mucous membranes. Studies suggest that infections with HPV-16 or HPV-18 have a higher rate of developing cancer. The aim of our study was to detect HPV early, and to estimate the genotype-specific prevalence of HPV in apparently healthy and asymptomatic females in Bangladesh. Read More

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December 2021

18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography of Head and Neck Cancer: Location and HPV Specific Parameters for Potential Treatment Individualization.

Front Oncol 2022 8;12:870319. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), Partner Site Dresden, and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) Heidelberg, Germany, Germany.

Purpose: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is utilized for staging and treatment planning of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). Some older publications on the prognostic relevance showed inconclusive results, most probably due to small study sizes. This study evaluates the prognostic and potentially predictive value of FDG-PET in a large multi-center analysis. Read More

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Reaching the "Hard-to-Reach" Sexual and Gender Diverse Communities for Population-Based Research in Cancer Prevention and Control: Methods for Online Survey Data Collection and Management.

Front Oncol 2022 8;12:841951. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, United States.

Purpose: Around 5% of United States (U.S.) population identifies as Sexual and Gender Diverse (SGD), yet there is limited research around cancer prevention among these populations. Read More

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The Analysis of Potential Diagnostic and Therapeutic Targets for the Occurrence and Development of Gastric Cancer Based on Bioinformatics.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 17;2022:4321466. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Oncology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221000, China.

Objective: Gastric cancer is among the most common malignant tumors of the digestive system. This study explored the molecular mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets for gastric cancer occurrence and progression using bioinformatics.

Methods: The gastric cancer microarray dataset was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Read More

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CTHRC1 is a Potential Prognostic Biomarker and Correlated with Macrophage Infiltration in Breast Cancer.

Int J Gen Med 2022 20;15:5701-5713. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Immune Cells and Antibody Engineering Research Center of Guizhou province/School of Biology and Engineering, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, People's Republic of China.

Background: Tumor immune cell infiltration is closely associated with the occurrence and development of tumors. Collagen triple helix repeats containing 1 (CTHRC1), a regulator of collagen expression and cell migration, is involved in the metastasis and invasion of tumors. However, the role of CTHRC1 in breast cancer remains unclear. Read More

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Factors associated with human papillomavirus and meningococcal vaccination among adolescents living in rural and urban areas.

Vaccine X 2022 Aug 11;11:100180. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield, WI, USA.

Background: Studies have shown that adolescent vaccination rates with human papillomavirus (HPV) and quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY) vaccines are lower in rural areas of the U.S. than in urban areas. Read More

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A new option for the treatment of condyloma acuminatum in the male urethra: Multimodal ultrasound image-guided scraping and photodynamic therapy (USP).

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2022 Jun 23:102985. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Dermatology,International Education College of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University,hangzhou,310053,China.

Objectives: Condyloma acuminatum (CA) is a sexually transmitted disease with a high recurrence rate due to the rapid replication of human papillomavirus (HPV) and its subtle immune escape mechanism, which makes the diagnosis and treatment of CA in the male urethra particularly difficult. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of comprehensive treatments for male urethral CA after accurate localization of warts under ultrasound guidance.

Methods: The study included 15 men with intraurethral CA. Read More

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Human papillomavirus infection and lung adenocarcinoma: special benefit is observed in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors.

ESMO Open 2022 Jun 23;7(4):100500. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Center for Thoracic Oncology, Tisch Cancer Center, Mount Sinai Hospital System & Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai, New York, USA.

Background: Human papilloma virus (HPV) has been associated with the development and modulation of response in a series of neoplasms. In the case of lung adenocarcinoma, its role in etiology and pathogenesis is still controversial. Considering that this infection brings foreign epitopes, it could be of prognostic significance in patients with lung adenocarcinoma treated with immunotherapy. Read More

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Facilitators and barriers of healthcare workers' recommendation of HPV vaccine for adolescents in Nigeria: views through the lens of theoretical domains framework.

BMC Health Serv Res 2022 Jun 25;22(1):824. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, PMB 5116, Oyo, 200001, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: The human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has demonstrated efficacy in the prevention of cervical cancer when given in early adolescence. The recommendation of the vaccine by health care workers (HCW) is crucial to the uptake of the vaccine by adolescents and the process of this recommendation is important as it determines subsequent uptake of the vaccine. Understanding of the facilitators and barriers of recommendation of this vaccine can help in the development of strategies to improve its recommendation rates and uptake. Read More

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Enhanced synergistic antitumor effect of a DNA vaccine with anticancer cytokine, MDA-7/IL-24, and immune checkpoint blockade.

Virol J 2022 Jun 25;19(1):106. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, Pasteur Institute of Iran, P.O. Box: 1316943551, Tehran, Iran.

Background: MDA-7/IL-24 cytokine has shown potent antitumor properties in various types of cancer without exerting any significant toxicity on healthy cells. It has also been proved to encompass pro-immune Th1 cytokine-like behavior. Several E7 DNA vaccines have developed against human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cervical cancer. Read More

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Apoptotic and autophagic death union by Thuja occidentalis homeopathic drug in cervical cancer cells with thujone as the bioactive principle.

J Integr Med 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Botany, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal 700019, India. Electronic address:

Objective: "Multi-targeting" drugs can prove fruitful to combat drug-resistance of multifactorial disease-cervical cancer. This study envisioned to reveal if Thuja homeopathic mother tincture (MT) and its bioactive component could combat human papillomavirus (HPV)-16-infected SiHa cervical cancer cells since it is globally acclaimed for HPV-mediated warts.

Methods: Thuja MT was studied for its antiproliferative and antimigratory properties in SiHa cells followed by microscopic determination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFDA) staining and loss in mitochondrial membrane potential (MtMP) by rhodamine 123 (Rh123) staining. Read More

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discovery of inhibitors against human papillomavirus E1 protein.

J Biomol Struct Dyn 2022 Jun 24:1-14. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

School of Engineering and Science, Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Science, Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak, Malaysia.

High-risk (HR) Human papillomavirus (e.g. HPV16 and HPV18) causes approximately two-thirds of all cervical cancers in women. Read More

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Disparities in Human Papillomavirus vaccination coverage among adolescents in Australia: A geospatial analysis.

Vaccine 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia. Electronic address:

Aim: This ecological study aimed to examine the geographic patterns in Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates among boys and girls aged 15 years across locations in Australia, in addition to assessing contextual area-level factors that may explain the variations in HPV vaccination coverage.

Methods: Aggregate HPV vaccination data for Australian girls and boys aged 15 years from 2015 to 16 was obtained from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for each Statistical Area level 4 (SA4). A Gradient Boosting Machine learning model was applied to assess the predictors' importance for the study outcomes. Read More

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Changes in HPV prevalence in Danish women with vulvar cancer during 28 years - A nationwide study of >1300 cancer cases.

Gynecol Oncol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Unit of Virus, Lifestyle and Genes, Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Gynecology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Objective: A substantial proportion of vulvar cancers are caused by high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV), but hrHPV prevalence in vulvar cancer has mainly been investigated in smaller studies which did not evaluate time trends. Our aim was to assess hrHPV prevalence in >1300 Danish vulvar cancers diagnosed during 1990-2017, including changes in hrHPV prevalence over time.

Methods: In a nationwide pathology register, we identified women diagnosed with vulvar cancer at thirteen hospitals from all Danish regions. Read More

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Projections of smoking-related cancer mortality in Australia to 2044.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

The Daffodil Centre, The University of Sydney, a joint venture with Cancer Council NSW, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: While many high-income countries including Australia have successfully implemented a range of tobacco control policies, smoking remains the leading preventable cause of cancer death in Australia. We have projected Australian mortality rates for cancer types, which have been shown to have an established relationship with cigarette smoking and estimated numbers of cancer deaths attributable to smoking to 2044.

Methods: Cancer types were grouped according to the proportion of cases currently caused by smoking: 8%-30% and >30%. Read More

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Time to death from cervical cancer and predictors among cervical cancer patients in Felege Hiwot Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, North West Ethiopia: Facility-based retrospective follow-up study.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(6):e0269576. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Midwifery, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Introduction: A sexually transmitted virus called the Human Papillomavirus is responsible for more than 99% of cervical cancer cases and its precursors. In 2019, the median survival time of cervical cancer patients at 5 years was 37 months. The survival time and predictors of death from cervical cancer vary in different study settings. Read More

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High-risk human papillomavirus-associated vulvar neoplasia among women living with human immunodeficiency virus in Zambia.

Afr J Lab Med 2022 12;11(1):1563. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States.

Background: Globally, women living with HIV have a higher risk of vulvar neoplasia than HIV-negative women. Vulvar neoplasia among women living with HIV has not previously been characterised in Zambia.

Objective: This study determined the clinical and pathologic features of vulvar neoplasia among women living with HIV at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia. Read More

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A systematic review of the prevalence of selected sexually transmitted infections in young people in Latin America.

Rev Panam Salud Publica 2022 21;46:e73. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Universidad Nacional de Colombia Bogotá Colombia Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.

Objective: To estimate the burden of (CT), (NG), (TP), and human papillomavirus (HPV) infections among people aged 10 to 25 in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Methods: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and LILACS databases were searched, as well as documents from regional organizations or national health Institutions. Population-based studies that reported prevalence or incidence of CT, NG, TP, and HPV detected through confirmatory tests in adolescents and young people were included. Read More

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Neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes after invasive Group B in early infancy: A multi-country matched cohort study in South Africa, Mozambique, India, Kenya, and Argentina.

EClinicalMedicine 2022 May 28;47:101358. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Data are limited regarding long-term consequences of invasive GBS (iGBS) disease in early infancy, especially from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) where most cases occur. We aimed to estimate risk of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in children with a history of iGBS disease.

Methods: A multi-country matched cohort study was undertaken in South Africa, India, Mozambique, Kenya, and Argentina from October 2019 to April 2021. Read More

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Human Papillomavirus Detected in Oropharyngeal Cancers from Chilean Subjects.

Viruses 2022 Jun 2;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Laboratorio de Oncovirología, Programa de Virología, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas (ICBM), Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 8380000, Chile.

High-risk human papillomaviruses (HR-HPV) are the causal agents of an important subset of oropharyngeal cancers that has increased considerably in incidence in recent years. In this study, we evaluated the presence of HPV in 49 oropharyngeal cancers from Chilean subjects. The presence of HPV DNA was analyzed by conventional PCR, the genotypes were identified through sequencing, and the expression of E6/E7 transcripts was evaluated by a reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Read More

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The Process of Filopodia Induction during HPV Infection.

Viruses 2022 May 26;14(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University, Bronx, NY 10458, USA.

Human Papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) infects mucosal and epithelial cells and has been identified as a high-risk HPV type that is an etiologic agent of human cancers. The initial infectious process, i.e. Read More

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The Role of Healthcare Providers in Promoting Human Papillomavirus Vaccines among Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Scoping Review.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 Jun 10;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Kuala Lumpur AIDS Support Services Society, Kuala Lumpur 51000, Malaysia.

Background: The uptake of human papillomavirus vaccines (HPVV) among men who have sex with men (MSM) remains unsatisfactory. Healthcare providers play a crucial role in improving HPVV acceptability and uptake among MSM. This scoping review aims to provide an overview of (1) the perceived role of healthcare providers by MSM, and (2) the knowledge, beliefs and practices of healthcare providers themselves in promoting HPVV uptake. Read More

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B Cell Responses upon Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection and Vaccination.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 May 25;10(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

Human Biology Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.

Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the necessary cause of cervical cancer. Availability of vaccines against HPV makes it a highly preventable disease. HPV vaccines act through type-specific neutralizing antibodies produced by antigen-specific plasma cells known as long-lived plasma cells (LLPC). Read More

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ATM Pathway Is Essential for HPV-Positive Human Cervical Cancer-Derived Cell Lines Viability and Proliferation.

Pathogens 2022 Jun 1;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Laboratory of Oncovirology, Department of Microbiology, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, Sao Paulo 05508-900, Brazil.

Infection with some mucosal human papillomavirus (HPV) types is the etiological cause of cervical cancer and of a significant fraction of vaginal, vulvar, anal, penile, and head and neck carcinomas. DNA repair machinery is essential for both HPV replication and tumor cells survival suggesting that cellular DNA repair machinery may play a dual role in HPV biology and pathogenesis. Here, we silenced genes involved in DNA Repair pathways to identify genes that are essential for the survival of HPV-transformed cells. Read More

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Knowledge, Practice, and Awareness of Oral Cancer and HPV Infection among Dental Students and Residents: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 15;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Morpho-Functional Sciences II, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, "Grigore T. Popa", 700115 Iasi, Romania.

Dentists play a very important part in the early identification of oral cancer lesions. This aspect of dental practice depends on the knowledge acquired during the faculty years. The aim of this study was to assess dental students' and residents' levels of awareness in terms of oral cancer. Read More

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HPV and HIV Coinfection in Women from a Southeast Region of Romania-PICOPIV Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 3;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Center for Research and Development of the Morphological and Genetic Studies of Malignant Pathology, Ovidius University of Constanta, 145 Tomis Blvd., 900591 Constanta, Romania.

: Romania faces one of the highest cervical cancer burdens in Europe though it is a preventable cancer through population screening by cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) detection. Also, it has one of the highest incidences of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HPV and HIV coinfection are frequently encountered. Read More

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