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    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension: consensus guidelines on management.
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Jun 14. Epub 2018 Jun 14.
    Metabolic Neurology, Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
    The aim was to capture interdisciplinary expertise from a large group of clinicians, reflecting practice from across the UK and further, to inform subsequent development of a national consensus guidance for optimal management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).

    Methods: Between September 2015 and October 2017, a specialist interest group including neurology, neurosurgery, neuroradiology, ophthalmology, nursing, primary care doctors and patient representatives met. An initial UK survey of attitudes and practice in IIH was sent to a wide group of physicians and surgeons who investigate and manage IIH regularly. Read More

    Raised intracranial pressure with bilateral anterior uveitis.
    BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 10;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 10.
    Ophthalmology Department, Hereford County Hospital, Hereford, UK.
    We report the rare case of a 5-year-old boy with an infective cause of papilloedema and bilateral uveitis secondary to The patient presented with generalised headache and malaise. MRI showed signs of raised intracranial pressure and lumbar puncture opening pressure was 43 cmHO.Lumbar puncture did not reveal any infective organisms. Read More

    The intraocular pressure could not be used to determine the intracranial pressure in patients with hydrocephalus.
    Int J Neurosci 2018 Jun 8:1-19. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
    b Department of Clinical Laboratory , the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University , 277 West Yanta Road , Xi'an 710061 , People's Republic of China.
    Purpose: An accurate intracranial pressure (ICP) measurement is vital for patients with hydrocephalus. ICP is generally measured by lumbar puncture opening pressure, which is invasive and has potential adverse side effects. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was investigated to measure ICP indirectly; however, its accuracy was controversial. Read More

    Transverse venous sinus stenting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension: Safety and feasibility.
    Neuroradiol J 2018 Jan 1:1971400918782320. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    Indiana University Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Indianapolis, USA.
    Purpose Transverse sinus stenosis is commonly seen in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. It is not clear whether it is the cause or the result of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Stenting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension has been carried out in several prior series. Read More

    [Current diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension].
    Ideggyogy Sz 2017 Sep;70(9-10):321-332
    Országos Klinikai Idegtudományi Intézet, Budapest.
    Background And Purpose: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is cha-racterized by raised intracranial pressure of unknown origin, leading to persisting visual loss if left untreated. Purpose - We assessed timing of surgery, and the efficacy and safety of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt.

    Methods: Retrospective analysis of 65 patients treated at our Neuro-ophthalmology Clinic between 2009 and 2017. Read More

    Surgical Outcomes and Postoperative Management in Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea.
    J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2018 Apr 4;79(2):193-199. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery and Center for Skull Base and Pituitary Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States.
     The etiology of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea remains unknown, though emerging evidence suggests that this likely represents a variant of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Long-term success rates for repair and postoperative management strategies remain variable.  Retrospective review of patients undergoing surgical management of spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea was conducted over a 5-year period. Read More

    Papilledema: Point-of-Care Ultrasound Diagnosis in the Emergency Department.
    Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2018 May 14;2(2):125-127. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    University of Missouri School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Columbia, Missouri.
    Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has the potential to diagnose papilledema, a sign of increased intracranial pressure, through optic disc elevation as well as optic nerve sheath diameter measurements. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome resulting in increased intracranial pressure. We present a case of IIH where the emergency physician diagnosed papilledema by POCUS via presence of both optic disc elevation and a widened optic nerve sheath diameter. Read More

    Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome in a pregnant woman with systemic lupus erythematous.
    Biomedica 2018 05 1;38(0):10-14. Epub 2018 May 1.
    Sección de Reumatología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.
    Systemic lupus erythematous is a chronic multi-systemic autoimmune disease that affects multiple organ systems, including the central nervous system. Pseudotumor cerebri is a disorder associated with increased intracranial pressure in the absence of a space-occupying lesion or other identifiable cause that affects young and obese women.We present the case of a pregnant woman with both pseudotumor cerebri and a new diagnosis of active systemic lupus erythematous. Read More

    Update on Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.
    Curr Treat Options Neurol 2018 May 28;20(7):24. Epub 2018 May 28.
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, 1675 Aurora Court, Mailstop F-731, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: This review presents a critical appraisal of current therapeutic strategies for patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We present the reader with the most recent evidence to support medical and surgical interventions in patients with IIH and provide recommendations about treatment initiation and escalation. We also indicate areas where knowledge gaps exist regarding therapeutic efficacy and superiority of one intervention over another. Read More

    Intracranial fluid dynamics changes in idiopathic intracranial hypertension: pre and post therapy.
    Curr Neurovasc Res 2018 May 27. Epub 2018 May 27.
    Laboratory of Applied Mathematics, University of Trento, Trento, TN. Italy.
    Objective: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of unknown etiology frequently associated with dural sinus stenosis. There is emerging evidence that venous sinus stenting is an effective treatment. We use phase contrast cine MRI to observe changes in flow dynamics of multiple intracranial fluids and their response to different treatments in a patient with IIH. Read More

    Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome with Resolution After Discontinuing High Vitamin A Containing Dietary Supplement: Case Report and Review.
    Neuroophthalmology 2018 Jun 1;42(3):169-175. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Department of Neurology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.
    A 24-year-old non-obese, but slightly overweight, female presented with a two-week history of progressive severe headache associated with two days of blurry vision. Clinical exam was significant for bilateral papilledema and an enlarged blind spot on visual field testing. Contrast enhanced MRI head revealed no space occupying lesion. Read More

    Visual Function Improvement After Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration in Osteopetrosis Patients with Optic Canal Stenosis: A Report of Two Cases.
    Neuroophthalmology 2018 Jun 8;42(3):164-168. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Ophthalmology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    The outcome of two patients with visual loss from osteopetrosis who underwent an optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) is reported. A 20-year-old male and 26-year-old female with osteopetrosis had optic nerve edema. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated optic canals stenosis. Read More

    [Pseudotumor cerebri associated with hypovitaminosis A, B6 and D. About two cases].
    Arch Argent Pediatr 2018 06;116(3):e445-e450
    Departamento de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica, Hospital Dr. Raúl F. Larcade, prov. de Buenos Aires.
    Idiopathic endocranial hypertension is infrequently associated with hypovitaminosis A and D. The case of an 8-year-old female with 24-hour blurred vision and bilateral papilledema is presented. Nuclear magnetic resonance was normal. Read More

    Clinical and Prognostic Significance of Cerebrospinal Fluid Opening and Closing Pressures in Pediatric Pseudotumor Cerebri Syndrome.
    Pediatr Neurol 2018 Jun 30;83:50-55. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    Departments of Neurology and Ophthalmology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Division of Ophthalmology, Neuro-ophthalmology Service, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic utility of closing pressure and volume of cerebrospinal fluid removed with respect to papilledema resolution and headache improvement in pediatric pseudotumor cerebri syndrome.

    Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of 93 children with definite pseudotumor cerebri syndrome. The primary outcome measure was time to resolution of papilledema, and the secondary outcome measure was time to resolution of headache. Read More

    A rare case of paediatric primary central nervous system lymphoma treated with high-dose methotrexate and rituximab-based chemoimmunotherapy and whole brain radiotherapy followed by tumour bed boost with three-dimensional conformal radiation technique.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 May 9. Epub 2018 May 9.
    Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    Background: Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) are rare in the paediatric population.

    Clinical Case: A 12-year-old boy presented to our clinic with complaints of multiple episodes of generalised tonic-clonic seizures for 1 year and gradual loss of vision in both eyes for 3 months. Baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed a large (7. Read More

    Neurological disorders caused by two cerebral alveolar hydatid cysts in an old woman: a rare case report.
    Oxf Med Case Reports 2017 Aug 17;2017(8):omx046. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Mashhad Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
    Alveolar hydatid disease, caused by , is a life-threatening infectious disease which primarily occurs in the liver. Intracranial hydatid disease is a rare presentation with reported incidence of ~1% of all cases. Here we reported a 60-year-old woman, with the past history of hydatid cysts in her liver, who was presented to us with progressive symptoms consist of headaches, diminished vision, cognitive disorders and delusion. Read More

    Comparison of Ocular Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Detection of Increased Intracranial Pressure.
    Front Neurol 2018 24;9:278. Epub 2018 Apr 24.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, NY, United States.
    Background/aims: To evaluate and compare the performance of ocular ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting increased intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH).

    Methods: Twenty-two patients with papilledema from IIH and 22 with pseudopapilledema were prospectively recruited based on funduscopic and clinical findings. Measurements of optic nerve sheath diameters (ONSDs) 3 mm behind the inner sclera were performed on B-scan US and axial T2-weighted MRI examinations. Read More

    Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Optic Disc Swelling.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2018 May 4. Epub 2018 May 4.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado, School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA (PInquiries to Masoud Aghsaei Fard, Farabi Eye Hospital, Eye Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
    Purpose: To compare optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) of peripapillary total vasculature and capillaries in patients with optic disc swelling.

    Design: Cross-sectional study.

    Methods: Twenty nine eyes with acute nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), 44 eyes with papilledema, 8 eyes with acute optic neuritis, and 48 eyes of normal subjects were imaged using OCT-A. Read More

    Resolution of symptomatic secondary empty sella syndrome following lumbar-peritoneal shunt.
    Surg Neurol Int 2018 5;9:72. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.
    Background: Post-surgical empty sella is related to the removal of pituitary tumors either from the transcranial or transphenoidal route, rendering diaphragma sellae incompetent at the end of the procedure. This subsequently leads to herniation of the third ventricle and optic apparatus into the empty sella. Studies have shown that in 50% of the cases, individuals with primary and secondary empty sella syndrome have developed defects in the visual fields. Read More

    [Bartonella neuroretinitis : An atypical manifestation of cat scratch disease].
    Ophthalmologe 2018 Apr 30. Epub 2018 Apr 30.
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Ismaningerstr. 22, 81675, München, Deutschland.
    Cat scratch disease (CSD) typically manifests as a febrile lymphadenopathy and is caused by a Bartonella henselae infection after contact with cats. This article describes the case of an atypical presentation of CSD in a 52-year-old patient with acute unilateral loss of vision and headache without fever or lymphadenopathy. Funduscopic examination showed an optic disc swelling and macular star exsudates, pathognomonic for infectious neuroretinitis. Read More

    Neuro-ophthalmological manifestations of Behçet's disease.
    Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.
    Internal Medicine and Clinical Immunology Department, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Pitié Salpêtrière University Hospital, Pierre et Marie Curie University Paris VI, Paris, France.
    Background: The neuro-ophthalmological manifestations of Behcet's disease (BD) are rare, and data regarding their characteristics and outcome are lacking.

    Objective: To report prevalence, main characteristics and outcome of neuro-ophthalmological manifestations in BD.

    Patients And Methods: This is a retrospective monocentric study of 217 patients diagnosed with neuro-Behçet's disease (NBD), of whom 29 (13. Read More

    Modern Microsurgical Resection of Olfactory Groove Meningiomas by Classical Bicoronal Subfrontal Approach without Orbital Osteotomies.
    Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Apr-Jun;13(2):258-263
    Department of Neurosurgery, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre, Karachi 75510, Pakistan.
    Background: The olfactory groove meningioma has always been surgically challenging. The common microscopic surgical procedures exercised involve modification of pterional or sub-frontal approaches with or without orbital osteotomies. However, we believe that orbital osteotomies are not mandatory to achieve gross total resection. Read More

    Complete resection of hypervascularised extraventricular neurocytoma after preoperative embolisation.
    Neurocirugia (Astur) 2018 Apr 18. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    Servicio de Radiología, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, España.
    A 13-year-old female arrived at the Emergency Department with a two-week history of headache, and bilateral papilloedema on examination. The initial study with CT and MRI showed a large multicystic left frontal mass with calcification surrounded by peripheral oedema, subacute intralesional bleeding and association of multiple large vessels. She was initially operated on in another centre where a subacute haematoma was found, evacuating to multiple vessels and arteriolised veins. Read More

    Intracranial Cryptococcoma-Clinicopathologic Correlation and Surgical Outcome: A Single-Institution Experience.
    World Neurosurg 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
    Department of Neuro Microbiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.
    Objective: To describe clinical characteristics of patients with intracranial cryptococcoma, clinicopathologic findings, and outcomes after surgery.

    Materials And Methods: Clinical data were collected from hospital case records, and pathologic confirmation was done by a neuropathologist. Clinical details, imaging features, and treatment modalities were evaluated and correlated with outcomes based on regular follow-up. Read More

    Papilledema revisiting after sinus angioplasty of chronic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 05;66(5):714-717
    Department of Ophthalmology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    This case series aimed to review the significance of revisiting papilledema after successful cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) management with sinus angioplasty. Four patients presented with blurring and transient obscuration of vision with papilledema, headache, tinnitus, and vomiting. On magnetic resonance venography and digital subtraction angiography, chronic transverse sinus thrombosis was diagnosed for which patients underwent endovascular intervention (stenting). Read More

    Fluvoxamine-induced intracranial hypertension in a 10-year-old boy.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 05;66(5):712-714
    Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Sir J. J. Hospital and Grant Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Drug-induced intracranial hypertension is a well-established entity. We report a rare case of intracranial hypertension with papilledema in a 10-year-old boy following use of fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor. On discontinuing the drug, the papilledema resolved over 4 months without any residual visual anomalies. Read More

    Syphilis-Related Eye Disease Presenting as Bilateral Papilledema, Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Hemorrhage, and Anterior Uveitis in a Penicillin-Allergic Patient.
    Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 18;2018:2840241. Epub 2018 Feb 18.
    University of Nebraska Medical Center, S. 42nd and Emile St., Omaha, NE, USA.
    . is known as the "great masquerader" for its many presentations and ocular findings in patients who are infected and develop secondary and tertiary stage of syphilis. Syphilitic ocular manifestations include uveitis, chorioretinitis, retinitis, vasculitis, vitritis, and panuveitis all with or without decreased visual acuity. Read More

    The Frozen Brain State of Cryptococcus gattii: A Globe-Trotting, Tropical, Neurotropic Fungus.
    Neurocrit Care 2018 Apr 16. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    Neurosurgery Department, Kaiser Sacramento, 2025 Morse Avenue, Sacramento, CA, 95825, USA.
    Initially reported in tropical regions, Cryptococcus gattii infection is now diagnosed globally.

    Methods: case report; Literature review. Although initial reports described outbreaks of pulmonary and central nervous system (CNS) disease in tropical regions such as Australia and New Guinea, it is now clear that Cryptococcus gattii is a global, neurotropic pathogen. Read More

    Optic disc drusen: understanding an old problem from a new perspective.
    Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Apr 16. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.
    Optic disc drusen (ODD) are acellular deposits located in the optic nerve head of up to 2.4% of the population. They may develop as by-products of impaired axonal metabolism in genetically predisposed individuals, in whom a narrow scleral canal is hypothesized to play a role. Read More

    Pseudotumor cerebri in kaposiform lymphangiomatosis: a case report and pathogenetic hypothesis.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Apr 13. Epub 2018 Apr 13.
    Regional Service of Neurosurgery, Virgen de la Arrixaca University Hospital, 30120, Murcia, Spain.
    Case Report: A 4-year-old boy with kaposiform lymphangiomatosis (KLA) developed progressive headaches and papilloedema and was diagnosed with pseudotumor cerebri initially treated with acetazolamide. Clinical deterioration prompted placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. After the surgery, the child's condition has markedly improved. Read More

    Ambiguity in the Dural Tail Sign on MRI.
    Surg Neurol Int 2018 19;9:62. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
    Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    Background: Meningiomas give rise to the dural tail sign (DTS) on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CEMRI). The presence of DTS does not always qualify for a meningioma, as it is seen in only 60-72% of cases. This sign has been described in various other lesions like lymphomas, metastasis, hemangiopericytomas, schwannomas and very rarely glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Read More

    Chiari malformation and tuberculous meningitis: aetiology and management.
    BMJ Case Rep 2018 Apr 5;2018. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    Department of Neurosciences, University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines.
    This is the first reported case of a Chiari 1 malformation in association with tuberculous (TB) meningitis. We present a case of a 23-year-old woman with a 2-week history nocturnal fever, vertigo, headache and projectile vomiting. She had nystagmus, scanning speech, bilateral papilloedema and ataxia. Read More

    Pseudotumor cerebri as the presentation of Lyme disease in a non-endemic area.
    BMJ Case Rep 2018 Mar 30;2018. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    Department of Pediatria, Hospital Professor Doutor Fernando Fonseca, EPE, Amadora, Portugal.
    Intracranial hypertension is a rare entity in prepubertal children, and its differential diagnosis includes a number of systemic diseases, drugs, vitamin deficiencies and excesses, and hereditary conditions. Infectious aetiology is rare. The case of a 9-year-old boy with intracranial hypertension secondary to acute neuroborreliosis is described. Read More

    Retinal Vessel Diameters Change Within 1 Hour of Intracranial Pressure Lowering.
    Transl Vis Sci Technol 2018 Mar 19;7(2). Epub 2018 Mar 19.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Purpose: We tested the hypotheses that retinal venule diameter (Dv) is associated with baseline intracranial pressure (ICP) level and that Dv is reduced shortly after ICP lowering.

    Methods: Dv and arteriole diameter (Da) were extracted from scanning laser ophthalmoscopic images in 40 eyes of 20 adult human subjects (10 with and 10 without papilledema) immediately before and after measurement of ICP (range, 10-55 cm HO) and ICP lowering by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage via lumbar puncture (LP). Generalized estimating equations (GEE) modeled the relationship between baseline ICP, Da and Dv before LP. Read More

    Papilloedema and Autoimmune Retinopathy from Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
    Neuroophthalmology 2018 Apr 18;42(2):117-121. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
    A 33-year-old female presented with bilateral papilloedema and constricted visual fields from autoimmune retinopathy. She then developed a painful peripheral neuropathy that led to further work-up and the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Papilloedema and autoimmune retinopathy from systemic lupus erythematosus is a unique presentation. Read More

    Weight reduction for a better visual outcome in idiopathic intracranial hypertension.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jan-Feb;81(1):18-23
    Izmir Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Turkey.
    Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between weight reduction and visual outcome in overweight patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

    Methods: Thirty-nine newly diagnosed, overweight (body mass index >25 kg/m2) patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension were studied retrospectively. All patients underwent medical treatment with acetazolamide, and a weight reduction program was also offered. Read More

    The importance of specific rehabilitation for an obese patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension: a case report.
    Int J Rehabil Res 2018 Jun;41(2):183-185
    Headache and Neuroalgology Unit.
    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is associated with obesity, and weight loss is important to reduce intracranial pressure and improve visual function. A 38-year-old woman with IIH followed an extreme diet, which resulted in 30% weight loss (BMI moved from 34.9 to 24. Read More

    Primary normocephalic pancraniosynostosis detected incidentally after an accidental head injury: a case report and review of the literature.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jul 13;34(7):1427-1431. Epub 2018 Mar 13.
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging, National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Rd, Singapore, 119228, Singapore.
    Objective: Majority of multi-suture craniosynostosis are related to single-gene disorders or chromosomal abnormalities. Children with craniosynostosis usually present at an early age due to the presence of an abnormal head shape, with the exception of a unique entity termed primary normocephalic pancraniosynostosis. The objective of this article is to describe an unusual case of primary normocephalic pancraniosynostosis, detected incidentally following an accidental head injury. Read More

    Disease and Treatment-Related Sequelae in Patients with Complex Jugulotympanic Paraganglioma.
    J Clin Med 2018 Mar 10;7(3). Epub 2018 Mar 10.
    Department of ENT, Klinikum Dortmund, 44145 Dortmund, Germany.
    Background: Jugulotympanic paraganglioma (JTP) are benign, high-vascularized lesions that frequently invade the jugular foramen, temporal bone, the upper neck, and the posterior fossa cavity, resulting in a wide variety of clinical symptoms.

    Methods: In this retrospective study, we assess the clinical symptoms and discuss the individual multidisciplinary treatment and outcome of 22 patients with JTP.

    Results: In 12 patients, a hearing deficit was the presenting symptom, whereas pulsatile tinnitus and otalgia were present in six and four patients respectively. Read More

    Intracranial pressure in patients with papilloedema.
    Acta Neurol Scand 2018 Mar 12. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Victor Horsley Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK.
    Objectives: Papilloedema is a clinical manifestation of chronically raised intracranial pressure (ICP), often seen in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). However, the extent of intracranial hypertension required to produce papilloedema is not known. We compare ICP values in IIH patients who developed papilloedema and those who did not. Read More

    Headache in Guillain-Barré Syndrome: Diagnostic and Management Implications.
    Can J Neurol Sci 2018 Mar;45(2):240-242
    Department of Medicine,Division of Neurology,University of Alberta,Edmonton,Alberta,Canada.
    Headache is an uncommon symptom in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We review four clinical settings related to GBS in which headache may be present. We focus on pathophysiological explanations, alerting the clinician to further potential investigations and treatment. Read More

    Cranial morcellation decompression for refractory idiopathic intracranial hypertension in children.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jun 3;34(6):1111-1117. Epub 2018 Mar 3.
    Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, University Hospital, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, 14049-900, Brazil.
    Background: Primary idiopathic intracranial hypertension (PIIH) in children is rare and has a poorly understood pathophysiology. It is characterized by raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in the absence of an identified brain lesion. Diagnosis is usually confirmed by the measurement of a high cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure and exclusion of secondary causes of intracranial hypertension. Read More

    Positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome with associated autoimmune thyroid disease: A case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Mar;97(9):e0047
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tri-Service General Hospital.
    Rationale: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome is a rare disease and could be associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). This report was aimed to investigate the utility of F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) for the diagnosis of VKH syndrome with AITD and to perform a literature review on the association between the 2 diseases.

    Patient Concerns: A 55-year-old woman without the history of ocular trauma suffered from chronic headache. Read More

    Surgical management of colloid cysts in children: experience at a tertiary care center.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Jun 27;34(6):1215-1220. Epub 2018 Feb 27.
    Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, 560029, India.
    Introduction: Colloid cysts are uncommon lesions in the pediatric age group, which most commonly occur in the fourth through fifth decades. The authors hereby report a series of 36 patients with colloid cysts in the pediatric age group.

    Material And Method: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all patients with colloid cyst who underwent surgery in our institute between November 2003 and December 2016 (13 years). Read More

    Improvement of Color Vision Following Posterior Cranial Vault Distraction for Crouzon Syndrome.
    J Craniofac Surg 2018 Jun;29(4):868-870
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI.
    Crouzon syndrome (CS) is one of the craniosynostosis syndromes that leads to early fusion of cranial sutures and increased intracranial pressure. Intracranial hypertension is a serious complication that may lead to vision loss and cognitive impairment. Early detection and management are necessary to prevent complications. Read More

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