72,056 results match your criteria Pancreatitis Acute


Successful use of trametinib and dasatinib combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of Ph-positive B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(25):e26440

Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital, Ningbo.

Rationale: Relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia poses a significant clinical challenge due to its poor prognosis, showing survival rates of less than a year even with the use of novel therapies. In this report, we describe the safe and effective use of trametinib combined with dasatinib in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the successful use of 2 targeted drugs such as trametinib and dasatinib in a pediatric patient with Ph+ ALL and recurrent pancreatitis. Read More

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Can Ischemia Modified Albumin (IMA) Levels Be a Predictor of Acute Pancreatitis?

Turk J Gastroenterol 2021 Mar;32(3):327-335

Department of Biochemistry, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Background: We aimed to evaluate the value of ischemia modified albumin (IMA) as a prognostic marker in acute pancreatitis (AP) patients, determine whether it is efficient in assessing the disease severity or not, and to estimate the correlation between IMA and the inflammatory markers, prognostic markers and scoring systems routinely used in clinical practice.

Methods: 100 adult patients (18 years and older) who have been hospitalized and evaluated with AP diagnosis in Tepecik Training and Research Hospital,, Department of Gastroenterology, between April 1, 2017 and April 1, 2018 have been enrolled in the study. Patients have been stratified disease etiology (biliary or non-biliary). Read More

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Structural basis of covalent inhibitory mechanism of TMPRSS2-related serine proteases by camostat.

J Virol 2021 Jun 23:JVI0086121. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350116, P.R. China.

SARS-CoV-2 is the viral pathogen causing the COVID19 global pandemic. No effective treatment for COVID-19 has been established yet. TMPRSS2 is essential for viral spread and pathogenicity by facilitating the entry of SARS-CoV-2 onto host cells. Read More

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Prevalence of Persistent Common Bile Duct Stones in Acute Biliary Pancreatitis Remains Stable Within the First Week of Symptoms.

J Gastrointest Surg 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

HPB Surgery Section, Department of General Surgery, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Tte. Gral. Juan D. Perón 4190, C1181ACH, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) is often associated with persistent common bile duct (CBD) stones. The best strategy in terms of timing of surgery is still controversial. The aim of the current study is to describe the prevalence of persistent common bile duct (CBD) stones in ABP during the first week of symptoms at a high-volume referral center. Read More

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Early unplanned readmissions following same-admission cholecystectomy for acute biliary pancreatitis.

Surg Endosc 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Section of Pancreatic Disorders and Advanced Endoscopy, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, & Nutrition, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 395 W. 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Background: Same-admission cholecystectomy (CCY) is recommended for mild acute biliary pancreatitis (biliary-AP). However, there is a paucity of research investigating reasons for early (30-day) unplanned readmissions in patients who undergo CCY for biliary-AP. Hence, we sought to investigate this gap using a large population database. Read More

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A Case of Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome in a Chronic Alcoholic With Moderate Hyponatremia.

Cureus 2021 May 19;13(5):e15129. Epub 2021 May 19.

Internal Medicine, Reading Hospital - Tower Health, West Reading, USA.

Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) is a clinical syndrome seen following aggressive correction of severe hyponatremia. Chronic alcohol use, malnutrition, and electrolyte derangement are additional risk factors promoting the demyelination in ODS. A 49-year-old female with a history of untreated mood disorder, hypertension, alcohol, and tobacco abuse presented to the emergency department (ED) with a three-month history of generalized body weakness. Read More

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Underrecognized Zieve's syndrome, A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Jun 6;66:102464. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Internal Medicine. Grand Strand Medical Center, Myrtle Beach, SC, USA.

Zieve's syndrome (ZS) is a triad of hemolytic anemia, cholestatic jaundice and hyperlipidemia that presents in the setting of alcohol abuse and liver disease. ZS is not well known and remains underdiagnosed. We present a case of ZS in a 38-year-old female with a history of chronic alcohol abuse and pancreatitis to raise awareness of ZS. Read More

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Autoimmune pancreatitis presenting as a pancreatic head mass.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Aug 8;16(8):2017-2020. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

National Institute of Oncology, Mohamed V University, Rabat, Morocco.

The diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is often difficult as the main differential diagnosis is pancreatic head adenocarcinoma. Some clinical, radiological, serological and histological criteria help in guiding the diagnosis. The serum gamma-globulin IgG4 dosage is the most sensitive and specific marker. Read More

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Pregnancy Complicated by Acute Pancreatitis with Ascariasis.

Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2020 Jul-Sept.;18(71):324-326

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Ascariasis lumbricoides infections are common in tropical and sub-tropical countries. As it is one of the common causes for common bile duct obstruction. But in pregnancy is a rare entity. Read More

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Granny Smith Apple Extract Lowers Inflammation and Improves Antioxidant Status in L-arginine-induced Exocrine Pancreatic Dysfunction in Rats

Turk J Pharm Sci 2021 06;18(3):262-270

Sri Indu Institute of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology, Telangana, India

Objectives: Granny Smith is a cultivated hybrid variety of apple with a high antioxidant content relative to all other species of apple. Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an instantly emerging inflammatory condition with a high mortality rate. The preferred treatment is restricted to symptomatic relief and supportive care. Read More

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Pancreatitis crónica para el clínico. Parte 1: Etiología y Diagnóstico. Documento de posicionamiento interdisciplinar de la Societat Catalana de Digestologia y la Societat Catalana de Pàncrees (versión castellana).

Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

CIBERehd, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Av. Monforte de Lemos, 3-5, Pabellón 11, 28029, Madrid, Spain; Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, (IDIBAPS), Carrer del Rosselló, 149, 08036 Barcelona, Spain; Servei de Gastroenterologia, ICMDiM, Hospital Clínic, C. de Villarroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain; Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Oncology Research Group, Hospital Clínic, C. de Villarroel 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

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An investigation on the association between sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors use and acute pancreatitis: A VigiBase study.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Pharmacology, Physiology and Physiopathology, Faculty of Pharmacy, "Iuliu Haţieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Purpose: To characterize acute pancreatitis (AP) related to sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors and to investigate this relationship through disproportionality analysis in an international pharmacovigilance database.

Methods: We analysed all AP reports for canagliflozin, dapagliflozin and/or empagliflozin from the WHOs Global adverse drug reactions database VigiBase® up to July 2019. We characterized the patients, reporters, and reactions, and we present the proportional reporting ratio (PRR) and information component (IC) for each of the gliflozins. Read More

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Consortium for the study of chronic pancreatitis, diabetes, and pancreatic cancer: achievements and future directions.

Curr Opin Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Division of Gastroenterology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To answer several important clinical questions, the Consortium for the study of Chronic Pancreatitis, Diabetes, and Pancreatic Cancer (CPDPC) research consortium has established several ongoing clinical cohort studies focused on pancreatitis in adults and children, pancreatic cancer, and diabetes associated with pancreatic disease. These will provide a unique resource for clinical and basic science research into these hard-to-treat diseases.

Recent Findings: The cause, natural history, and prognosis of acute relapsing and chronic pancreatitis in adults and children are being delineated. Read More

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PECULIARITIES OF DETERMINING THE GASTRIC ACID SECRETION AND DIABETIC AUTONOMIC NEUROPATHY IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PANCREATITIS AND TYPE 2 DIABETES.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(4):981-985

UZHHOROD NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, UZHHOROD, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: Is to determine the peculiarities of changes in the gastric acid secretion against the background of diabetic autonomic neuropathy and autonomic dysfunction in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: We investigated 64 patients with CP and T2DM, who were included in the first group of the patients examined; Group II consisted of 40 patients with T2DM; and Group III of the patients examined consisted of 34 patients with CP.

Results: Results: Differences were found in assessing the degree of autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction in the examined patients, namely - the most pronounced ANS dysfunction according to the Wayne questionnaire was diagnosed in patients Group I, while patients of Group III. Read More

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DEPENDENCE OF PANCREAS FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY AT CHRONIC PANCREATITIS ON ENDOTOXICOSIS AND OTHER METABOLIC FACTORS.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(4):869-873

HORBACHEVSKY TERNOPIL NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, TERNOPIL, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: Was to investigate the status of endotoxicosis parameters in patients with chronic pancreatitis depending on the presence of a combination with type 2 diabetes mellitus, as well as their impact on the functional capacity of the pancreas.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: 87 outpatients with CP with concomitant type 2 diabetes and without it were examined. The main group consisted of 62 patients with CP in the phase of therapeutic exacerbation in combination with diabetes mellitus in a state of sub- or full compensation, the comparison group - 25 patients with isolated CP, the control group consisted of 30 healthy individuals. Read More

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Corrigendum to "Helicobacter pylori infection and autoimmune diseases; Is there an association with systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune atrophy gastritis and autoimmune pancreatitis? A systematic review and meta-analysis study".

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2021 Jun 24;54(3):540. Epub 2020 Oct 24.

Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Department of Microbiology and Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

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Foreword: Chronic pancreatitis.

Authors:
Jerrold B Leikin

Dis Mon 2021 Jun 18:101224. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

123 West Madison Street, Suite 800, Chicago, Illinois 60612, United States. Electronic address:

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Systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of trypsin inhibitors in patients with severe pancreatitis.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, Shanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Taiyuan, China.

Background: This study aimed to explore the efficacy of trypsin inhibitors in the treatment of severe pancreatitis (SP) by meta-analysis.

Methods: The Boolean logic retrieval method was adopted to recruit the relevant literature. Chinese and English databases were respectively searched using a combination of the following search terms: "trypsin inhibitor", "acute pancreatitis", and "severe pancreatitis". Read More

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Relationship between levels of serum gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R), and soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) and disease condition and prognosis of patients with severe acute pancreatitis.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Sichuan Translational Medicine Research Hospital, Chengdu, China; RICU & MICU, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

Background: To explore the relationship between levels of serum gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R), and soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) and the disease condition and prognosis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).

Methods: A total of 52 patients with SAP (SAP group) and 50 patients with mild acute pancreatitis (MAP group) admitted to Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China between April 2017 and December 2019 were included in the present study. A further 50 people who had received a healthy physical examination during the same period constituted the healthy control group. Read More

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Gastroduodenal Intussusception of a Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor: A Rare Cause of Acute Pancreatitis.

Clin Endosc 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Vikit Viranuvatti Siriraj GI Endoscopy Center, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Patients with symptomatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) typically present with gastrointestinal bleeding and abdominal pain. This report presents an unusual case of fundic GIST complicated by gastroduodenal intussusception, manifesting as acute pancreatitis. The patient presented with epigastric pain and pancreatic enzyme elevation; thus, he was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis. Read More

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Primary Hyperparathyroidism Masquerading as Acute Pancreatitis.

Horm Metab Res 2021 Jun 21;53(6):377-381. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Tagore Nagar, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Acute pancreatitis as an initial manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a rare occurrence and timely diagnosis of PHPT is crucial in preventing repeat attack of pancreatitis. The study aimed at evaluating the clinico-radiological profile of patients admitted with acute pancreatitis as the index presentation of PHPT and to determine the factors associated with development of severe pancreatitis. This series included retrospective analysis of medical records of 30 patients admitted with acute pancreatitis as initial manifestation of PHPT. Read More

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Nicotine facilitates pancreatic fibrosis by promoting activation of pancreatic stellate cells via α7nAChR-mediated JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in rats.

Toxicol Lett 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100020, China. Electronic address:

Aim: Smoking has been considered as a risk factor of chronic pancreatitis (CP), but the potential mechanism is still unknown. The major pathological feature of CP is pancreatic fibrosis, whose major functional cells are pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs). Nicotine is the major component of cigarette smoke, our recent study suggested that nicotine has the potential to facilitate pancreatic fibrosis in CP. Read More

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Hemocompatible L-Type Amino acid Transporter 1 (LAT1)-Utilizing Prodrugs of Perforin Inhibitors Can Accumulate into the Pancreas and Alleviate Inflammation-induced Apoptosis.

Chem Biol Interact 2021 Jun 18:109560. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:

Cytolytic pore-forming protein, perforin, has been associated with autoimmune destruction of pancreatic β-cells in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) once released from CD8+ T cells. Curiously, perforinopathy has also been implicated in numerous brain diseases. Therefore, inhibitors of perforin have been in demand with targeted delivery in mind. Read More

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Sleeve Gastrectomy Attenuates the Severity of Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Obese Rats.

Obes Surg 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of General Surgery, and Institute of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreas and Intestinal Disease, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, 637000, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Obesity is one of the most important risk factors for acute pancreatitis. Based on the effect of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on improving body weight and blood lipids, we investigated whether SG is beneficial in improving pancreatitis in obese rats.

Materials And Methods: Two studies were used to evaluate the effect of SG on the first onset of pancreatitis and acute episodes of recurrent pancreatitis in obese rats. Read More

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A Case of IgG4-Related Kidney Disease Developing While on Steroid Treatment for Autoimmune IgG4 Pancreatitis.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2021 Jan-Dec;9:23247096211026500

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital (Elmhurst Hospital Center), New York, NY, USA.

IgG4 (immunoglobulin G4)-related systemic disease is an autoimmune process affecting multiple organ systems. This inflammatory process can present as but not limited to pancreatitis, cholangitis, or unspecified kidney disease. In this case, our patient developed IgG4-related kidney disease while already on a prolonged steroid course for IgG4-related pancreatitis. Read More

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Combined detection of procalcitonin, heparin-binding protein, and interleukin-6 is a promising assay to diagnose and predict acute pancreatitis.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 Jun 21:e23869. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Laboratory of Emergency Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP), one of the most common clinical emergencies, is characterized by variable clinical features and inadequate diagnostic methods. At present, the commonly used indicators do not have high specificity and do not necessarily reflect disease severity. We therefore aimed to investigate diagnostic and prognostic value of plasma procalcitonin, heparin-binding protein, and interleukin-6 for acute pancreatitis by separate detection and joint detection. Read More

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Intra-abdominal infection with : case report and review of the literature.

Access Microbiol 2021 21;3(4):000227. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Departments of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: is a Gram-negative bacteria associated with periodontal disease in humans. Cases of extra-oral manifestations of infection are rare with only six reported cases of extra-oral infection including this report that have been identified in the current literature. Molecular methods are generally used to identify while optimal antibiotic choice and duration to treat extra-oral infections for this pathogen is unknown. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 induced necrotizing pancreatitis.

Med Clin (Engl Ed) 2021 Jun 15;156(12):629-630. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

American University of Beirut Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Lebanon.

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Puerarin Ameliorates Caerulein-Induced Chronic Pancreatitis Inhibition of MAPK Signaling Pathway.

Front Pharmacol 2021 2;12:686992. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Digestive Diseases, 900TH Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force, Fuzhou General Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Oriental Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Fuzhou, China.

Pancreatic fibrosis is one of the most important pathological features of chronic pancreatitis (CP), and pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) are considered to be the key cells. Puerarin is the most important flavonoid active component in Chinese herb , and it exhibited anti-fibrotic effect in various fibrous diseases recently. However, the impact and molecular mechanism of puerarin on CP and pancreatic fibrosis remain unknown. Read More

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Role of standardized reporting and novel imaging markers in chronic pancreatitis.

Curr Opin Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Radiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Department of Radiology, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio Lehman, Bucksot and Sherman Section of Pancreatobiliary Endoscopy, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This article reviews recent efforts about standardized imaging features and reporting of chronic pancreatitis and recently published or ongoing imaging studies, which aim to establish novel imaging biomarkers for detection of parenchymal changes seen in chronic pancreatitis.

Recent Findings: New novel MRI techniques are being developed to increase the diagnostic yield of chronic pancreatitis specifically in the early stage. T1 relaxation time, T1 signal intensity ratio and extracellular volume fraction offer potential advantages over conventional cross-sectional imaging, including simplicity of analysis and more objective interpretation of observations allowing population-based comparisons. Read More

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