74,773 results match your criteria Pancreatitis


Clinical significance of pancreatic calcifications: a 15-year single-center observational study.

Eur J Med Res 2022 Jun 25;27(1):99. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Radiology, Ruijin Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: Pancreatic calcifications (PC) are considered specific for chronic pancreatitis (CP), but PC may also be present in non-CP diseases. The aims are to understand the pattern of calcifications in different diseases and to determine they were related to malignant diseases.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed including patients with PC or CP undergoing surgery in the Department of General Surgery of Ruijin Hospital from January 2003 to June 2018. Read More

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The gut-lung axis in severe acute Pancreatitis-associated lung injury: The protection by the gut microbiota through short-chain fatty acids.

Pharmacol Res 2022 Jun 22;182:106321. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning 116000, PR China; Laboratory of Integrative Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning 116000, PR China. Electronic address:

The role of gut microbiota in regulating the intestinal homeostasis, as well as the pathogenesis of severe acute pancreatitis-associated lung injury (PALI) is widely recognized. The bioactive functions of metabolites with small molecule weight and the detail molecular mechanisms of PALI mediated by "gut-lung axis" have gradually raised the attentions of researchers. Several studies have proved that short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by gut microbiome play crucial roles and varied activities in the process of PALI. Read More

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Splanchnic venous thrombosis: aetiologies and a review of the literature.

ANZ J Surg 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Hollywood Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT) is an uncommon yet potentially life-threatening manifestation of venous thromboembolism. The aim of this study was to present a retrospective analysis of a cohort of Western Australian patients diagnosed with SVT on imaging study, and a review of the literature surrounding the aetiology, location, anticoagulation treatment and outcomes of SVT.

Methods: All patients diagnosed with SVT over a five-year period from 2015 to 2020 in three tertiary hospitals in Western Australia were identified by using an electronic search engine of imaging reports. Read More

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Relationship between apoA-I, chemerin, Procalcitonin and severity of hyperlipidaemia-induced acute pancreatitis.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jun;72(6):1201-1204

Department of Gastroenterology, 363 Hospital, Chengdu City, China.

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between apoA-I, chemerin, and Procalcitonin (PCT) and the severity of hyperlipidaemia-induced acute pancreatitis (HLAP), as well as the importance of their application in the diagnosis of severe HLAP. This study was conducted at the 363 Hospital, Chengdu City, China, from January 2016 to August 2020. There were significant differences in the levels of serum apoA-I, chemerin, and PCT among the three-mild, moderate and severe-groups (all p <0. Read More

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Predicting persistent organ failure on admission in patients with acute pancreatitis: development and validation of a mobile nomogram.

HPB (Oxford) 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Sichuan Provincial Pancreatitis Center and West China-Liverpool Biomedical Research Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

Background: Early prediction of persistent organ failure (POF) is important for triage and timely treatment of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP).

Methods: All AP patients were consecutively admitted within 48 h of symptom onset. A nomogram was developed to predict POF on admission using data from a retrospective training cohort, validated by two prospective cohorts. Read More

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Association of Statin Usage and the Development of Diabetes Mellitus after Acute Pancreatitis.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Gastroenterology Division, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Center for Endoscopic Innovation, Research and Training, Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) have at least a 2-fold higher risk for developing postpancreatitis diabetes mellitus (PPDM). No therapies have prevented PPDM. Statins were demonstrated to possibly lower the incidence and severity of AP but have not been studied to prevent PPDM. Read More

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The uncommon diagnosis of hiatal hernia associated pancreatitis: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 20;96:107328. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of General Surgery, Jendouba Hospital, Tunisia; Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Tunis El Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia.

Introduction And Importance: Hiatal hernia (HH) contents commonly include stomach, transverse colon, small intestine, and spleen but herniation of the pancreas is an extremely rare phenomenon, even rarer when HH is associated with acute pancreatitis.

Case Presentation: A 56-year-old female with hypertension and gastroesophageal reflux disease presented with abdominal pain, vomiting and chest discomfort evolving for 24 h. Physical examination revealed left-upper quadrant tenderness without guarding. Read More

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Clinical Presentation and Intensity of Infection with Intestinal Helminths among School Children in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

West Afr J Med 2022 Jun;39(6):568-572

Department of Internal Medicine, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos State, Nigeria.

Background: Intestinal helminthiases are public health problems of children in developing countries of the world and account for significant morbidity as it results in stunted growth, intestinal obstruction, anaemia, cognitive impairment, acute pancreatitis, acute cholecystitis and rectal prolapse. This study assessed intestinal helminths, infection intensity and symptoms in primary school children in Ile-Ife.

Methods: It was a cross sectional study. Read More

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Spontaneous drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst into the stomach.

Authors:
Yanjun Dong Jun Li

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Radiology, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, China.

A 45-year-old woman presented with a ten-day history of abdominal pain. Laboratory examination upon admission indicated increased serum amylase level of 213 U/L (35-135 U/L). Tumor markers were within the normal range. Read More

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Cervical extension of pancreatic pseudocyst: An unusual cause of neck stiffness and dysphagia.

SA J Radiol 2022 9;26(1):2385. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Pancreatic pseudocyst is a common complication that can occur following acute or chronic pancreatitis. Commonly, they are peripancreatic in location. Rarely, they can extend to the mediastinum, and further extension to the neck is even rarer. Read More

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Systemic injury caused by taurocholate-induced severe acute pancreatitis in rats.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jul 26;24(1):468. Epub 2022 May 26.

Shenzhen Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, The Fourth Clinical Medical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518033, P.R. China.

Systemic injury plays a central role in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Retrograde biliopancreatic duct infusion of sodium taurocholate (NaT) is commonly used to establish SAP animal models. To better characterize the systemic injury in this model, SAP was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by NaT administration (3. Read More

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Aberrant blood cell division cycle 42 expression and its correlation with disease severity, inflammation and mortality risk in patients with acute pancreatitis.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jul 20;24(1):458. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Nanhua Hospital, Hengyang Medical School, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan 421000, P.R. China.

Cell division cycle 42 (CDC42) can inhibit inflammation by regulating the activity of macrophage and T cells, which contributes to the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis (AP). Therefore, CDC42 may have application as a potential biomarker for AP. The present study aimed to explore this possibility. Read More

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Empagliflozin-Induced Pancreatitis: A Case Report Pattern.

Cureus 2022 May 21;14(5):e25189. Epub 2022 May 21.

Internal Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA.

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors have become a great insulin-independent approach for diabetic management. These agents have increasingly been reported to be associated with the onset of acute pancreatitis. Here, we present a suspected case of empagliflozin-induced pancreatitis. Read More

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Heparin Protects Severe Acute Pancreatitis by Inhibiting HMGB-1 Active Secretion from Macrophages.

Polymers (Basel) 2022 Jun 17;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China.

Heparin has shown benefits in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) therapy, but the underlying mechanisms were unknown. Extracellular high-mobility group protein-1 (HMGB-1) has been regarded as a central mediator contributing to inflammation exacerbation and disease aggravation. We hypothesized heparin attenuated the disease by targeting HMGB-1-related pathways. Read More

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Ameliorative Effects of Gut Microbial Metabolite Urolithin A on Pancreatic Diseases.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 20;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang 712100, China.

Urolithin A (Uro A) is a dietary metabolite of the intestinal microbiota following the ingestion of plant-based food ingredients ellagitannins and ellagic acid in mammals. Accumulating studies have reported its multiple potential health benefits in a broad range of diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, cognitive impairment, and diabetes. In particular, Uro A is safe via direct oral administration and is non-genotoxic. Read More

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DIA-Based Proteomic Analysis of Plasma Protein Profiles in Patients with Severe Acute Pancreatitis.

Molecules 2022 Jun 17;27(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Emergency, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China.

Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a pancreatic inflammatory disease that varies greatly in course and severity. To further the understanding of the pathology of AP, we carried out data-independent acquisition-based proteomic analyses using proteins extracted from the plasma of patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) (experimental group) and healthy volunteers (control group). Compared to the control group, there were 35 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in the plasma of patients with SAP. Read More

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Subcutaneous and Intraosseous Fat Necrosis Associated with Chronic Pancreatitis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 14;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Digestive Surgery Clinic, University Clinical Center Nis, University of Nis, 18000 Nis, Serbia.

Extra-abdominal manifestations of fat necrosis, like subcutaneous fat necrosis, polyarthritis, and polyserositis may appear with an occurrence rate of about 0.8%, wherein intraosseous fat necrosis is a more rare complication of pancreatitis, with few reports in English literature. A 34-year-old male with a 15-year-history of alcohol abuse was hospitalized several times in the last few years because of attacks of relapsed chronic pancreatitis. Read More

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Predicting Severity of Acute Pancreatitis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 11;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41944, Korea.

Acute pancreatitis has a diverse etiology and natural history, and some patients have severe complications with a high risk of mortality. The prediction of the severity of acute pancreatitis should be achieved by a careful ongoing clinical assessment coupled with the use of a multiple-factor scoring system and imaging studies. Over the past 40 years, various scoring systems have been suggested to predict the severity of acute pancreatitis. Read More

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Intra-Abdominal Hypertension: A Systemic Complication of Severe Acute Pancreatitis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 10;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Critical Care Unit and Gastroenterology Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Hospital, University of Chile, Santiago 8380456, Chile.

Patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) present complications and organ failure, which require treatment in critical care units. These extrapancreatic complications determine the clinical outcome of the disease. Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) deteriorates the prognosis of SAP. Read More

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Analysis of Volatile Anesthetic-Induced Organ Protection in Simultaneous Pancreas-Kidney Transplantation.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 13;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Visceral, Transplantation, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

Background: Despite recent advances in surgical procedures and immunosuppressive regimes, early pancreatic graft dysfunction, mainly specified as ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI)-Remains a common cause of pancreas graft failure with potentially worse outcomes in simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT). Anesthetic conditioning is a widely described strategy to attenuate IRI and facilitate graft protection. Here, we investigate the effects of different volatile anesthetics (VAs) on early IRI-associated posttransplant clinical outcomes as well as graft function and outcome in SPKT recipients. Read More

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A Clinical Case of a Homozygous Deletion in the Gene with Severe Hypertriglyceridemia.

Genes (Basel) 2022 Jun 14;13(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Moskvorechye Street, 1, 115522 Moscow, Russia.

Background: Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is one of the most common forms of lipid metabolism disorders. The leading clinical manifestations are pancreatitis, atherosclerotic vascular lesions, and the formation of eruptive xanthomas. The most severe type of HTG is primary (or hereditary) hypertriglyceridemia, linked to pathogenic genetic variants in , , and genes. Read More

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Single-Cell Transcriptomic Analysis of the Mouse Pancreas: Characteristic Features of Pancreatic Ductal Cells in Chronic Pancreatitis.

Genes (Basel) 2022 Jun 5;13(6). Epub 2022 Jun 5.

Department of Gastroenterology, Changhai Hospital, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a fibroinflammatory disorder of the pancreas. Our understanding of CP pathogenesis is partly limited by the incomplete characterization of pancreatic cell types. Here, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing on 3825 cells from the pancreas of one control mouse and mice with caerulein-induced CP. Read More

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Role of Seipin in Human Diseases and Experimental Animal Models.

Biomolecules 2022 Jun 17;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children, Department of Paediatrics, West China Second University Hospital, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Seipin, a protein encoded by the Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy type 2 () gene, is famous for its key role in the biogenesis of lipid droplets and type 2 congenital generalised lipodystrophy (CGL2). gene mutations result in genetic diseases including CGL2, progressive encephalopathy with or without lipodystrophy (also called Celia's encephalopathy), and -associated motor neuron diseases. Abnormal expression of seipin has also been found in hepatic steatosis, neurodegenerative diseases, glioblastoma stroke, cardiac hypertrophy, and other diseases. Read More

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Understanding Necroptosis in Pancreatic Diseases.

Biomolecules 2022 Jun 13;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

The First School of Clinical Medical, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China.

Intermediate between apoptosis and necrosis, necroptosis is a regulated caspase-independent programmed cell death that induces an inflammatory response and mediates cancer development. As our understanding improves, its role in the physiopathology of numerous diseases, including pancreatic diseases, has been reconsidered, and especially in pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. However, the exact pathogenesis remains elusive, even though some studies have been conducted on these diseases. Read More

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Tricetin Reduces Inflammation and Acinar Cell Injury in Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis: The Role of Oxidative Stress-Induced DNA Damage Signaling.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 10;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Medical Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary.

Acute pancreatitis (AP) poses a worldwide challenge due to the growing incidence and its potentially life-threatening course and complications. Specific targeted therapies are not available, prompting the identification of new pathways and novel therapeutic approaches. Flavonoids comprise several groups of biologically active compounds with wide-ranging effects. Read More

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Therapy Effect of the Stable Gastric Pentadecapeptide BPC 157 on Acute Pancreatitis as Vascular Failure-Induced Severe Peripheral and Central Syndrome in Rats.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 1;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

We revealed the therapy effect of the stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 (10 μg/kg, 10 ng/kg ig or po) with specific activation of the collateral rescuing pathways, the azygos vein, on bile duct ligation in particular, and acute pancreatitis as local disturbances (i.e., improved gross and microscopy presentation, decreased amylase level). Read More

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Risk Factors and Clinical Presentation in Dogs with Increased Serum Pancreatic Lipase Concentrations-A Descriptive Analysis.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Jun 19;12(12). Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Gastrointestinal Laboratory, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA.

Limited data exist regarding the full array of clinical signs seen in dogs with pancreatitis and potential risk factors for the disease. Laboratory submissions from the Gastrointestinal Laboratory at Texas A&M University were retrospectively reviewed for dogs with an increased serum pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) concentration (≥400 µg/L), and an internet-based survey was distributed to the attending veterinarian and/or technician on each case. The survey contained questions related to (i) clinical signs, (ii) prior gastrointestinal upset, (iii) comorbidities, (iv) pre-existing medical therapies, and (v) dietary history. Read More

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Immunophenotypic and molecular characterization of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors producing serotonin.

Mod Pathol 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Université Paris Cité - APHP Hôpital Beaujon/Bichat, Department of Pathology, FHU MOSAIC, 100 Boulevard du Général Leclerc, 92110, Clichy, France.

Serotonin producing pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (SP-PanNET) account for 0.58-1.4% of all pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNET). Read More

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Mesenchymal stem cells regulate M1 polarization of peritoneal macrophages through the CARD9-NF-κB signaling pathway in severe acute pancreatitis.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Songjiang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine (Preparatory Stage), China.

Macrophages release large numbers of proinflammatory cytokines that trigger inflammatory cascade reactions, which promote the rapid development of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) from local to systemic inflammation. The ability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to suppress inflammation is related to inhibition of M1 polarization of macrophages. Our previous studies revealed that caspase recruitment domain protein 9 (CARD9) was involved in SAP inflammation and activation of the CARD9-NF-κB signaling pathway plays an important pro-inflammatory role in SAP. Read More

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Chimney endovascular aortic repair is a viable salvage technique in a paravisceral pseudoaneurysm secondary to acute on chronic pancreatitis.

Vascular 2022 Jun 23:17085381221111012. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Vascular Surgery, 34379Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, TAS, Australia.

Background: Pseudoaneurysms of the abdominal aorta secondary to pancreatitis are an extremely rare clinical entity, however, can result in life threatening complications.

Objective: To describe a chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (Ch-EVAR) for an acute pancreatitis related paravisceral aortic pseudoaneurym.

Method: Prospective data collected from subject. Read More

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