120 results match your criteria Pancoast Tumor* Thoracic Surgery


Pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant tislelizumab and chemotherapy for Pancoast tumor: A case report.

Thorac Cancer 2021 04 3;12(8):1256-1259. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Zhongshan People's Hospital, Zhongshan, China.

A 60-year-old man was hospitalized because of numbness and weakness in the right upper limb. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large mass in the right upper lobe invading the right eighth cervical and first thoracic nerve root. Biopsy pathology confirmed primary lung adenocarcinoma with a clinical stage of cT4N0M0 IIIA, negative for anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene and epidermal growth factor receptor mutations but positive for programmed death ligand 1 (3%). Read More

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Primary pulmonary angiosarcoma presenting as Pancoast tumor.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2021 Jan 12:218492320988456. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

A primary pulmonary angiosarcoma is an extremely rare entity with fewer than 30 cases reported in the literature. We found no reports of primary pulmonary angiosarcoma presenting as a Pancoast tumor. We describe a case of pulmonary angiosarcoma located in the right superior sulcus that was treated by surgery. Read More

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January 2021

Three-stage approach to resection of left pancoast tumour with spinal and major vessel involvement.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Dec 14;2020(12):rjaa384. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Toronto General Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Here we describe the successful outcome of a complex and challenging resection of a left-sided pancoast tumour involving the left subclavian artery and vertebral bodies. The resection was performed following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in a multi-staged fashion involving multiple teams including thoracic surgery, plastic surgery, neurosurgery and vascular surgery. Each operation was less than 6 h, without complication, and the patient was discharged within 1 week of each procedure. Read More

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December 2020

Estimated direct costs of non-small cell lung cancer by stage at diagnosis and disease management phase: A whole-disease model.

Thorac Cancer 2021 01 21;12(1):13-20. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Medical Oncology 2, Istituto Oncologico Veneto IRCCS, Padova, Italy.

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the first cause of cancer-related death among men and the second among women worldwide. It also poses an economic threat to the sustainability of healthcare services. This study estimated the direct costs of care for patients with NSCLC by stage at diagnosis, and management phase of pathway recommended in local and international guidelines. Read More

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January 2021

A minimally invasive and safe surgical approach to resect anterior superior sulcus tumors.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 28;68:148-150. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Thoracic Surgery, Kokura Memorial Hospital, Kitakyushu-shi, Japan.

Introduction: Superior sulcus tumors (SSTs) are a wide range of tumors invading a section of the apical chest wall called the thoracic inlet. The unique characteristics of SSTs lie in the anatomy of the region where these tumors occur. For this reason, a surgical approach to treating these tumors is technically demanding, and complete resection may be difficult to accomplish. Read More

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February 2020

Significant prognostic determinants in lung cancers of the superior sulcus: comparable analysis of resected and unresected cases.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 Aug 3;68(8):801-811. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, 6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to identify prognostic determinants and to comparably analyze clinical features of patients with both resected and unresected superior sulcus tumors (SSTs).

Methods: The data of 56 patients who underwent any treatment for an SST from 2004 through 2016 in our hospital were reviewed. Overall survival (OS) rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Read More

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The transmanubrial osteomuscular-sparing approach: a valuable adjunct to the head and neck surgical armamentarium.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Apr;28(2):61-67

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Maxillofacial and Thyroid Surgery, Fondazione IRCCS, National Cancer Institute of Milan.

Purpose Of Review: To describe and popularize the transmanubrial osteomuscular-sparing approach (TOSA) outside its original thoracic surgical field of application, based on the consideration that it could be of interest for the management of a number of head and neck cases in both elective and emergent scenarios.

Recent Findings: The main advantages of TOSA compared with transclavicular techniques are its superb exposure of anatomic structures located at the level of the cervicothoracic junction, and superior postoperative aesthetic and functional outcomes. Recently, a number of studies have described the association of TOSA with other minimally invasive approaches, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and robotic hybrid approaches, with the aim of avoiding association of the transmanubrial route with anterior/posterior thoracotomies, or more extended surgeries, such as the trapdoor or hemiclamshell procedures. Read More

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[Surgical Treatment for Apical Invading Lung Cancer].

Kyobu Geka 2019 Sep;72(10):840-844

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan.

The apical invading lung cancer is the tumor infiltrating to the thoracic inlet, in other words, the 1st rib or the higher chest wall. Tumor arising in the posterior apex is invasive to the vertebral body, the sympathetic trunk, and the brachial plexus. Pancoast tumor is well known with typical triads, which is invasive to the sympathetic trunk and the brachial plexus in the posterior apex of the lung. Read More

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September 2019

Creation of a multidisciplinary and multicenter study group for the use of 3D printing in general thoracic surgery: lessons learned in our first year experience.

Med Devices (Auckl) 2019 2;12:143-149. Epub 2019 May 2.

Tissue Engineering Group, IIS Biodonostia, San Sebastian, Spain.

In recent years, the use of 3D printing in medicine has grown exponentially, but the use of 3D technology has not been equally adopted by the different medical specialties. Published 3D printing activity in general thoracic surgery is scarce and has been mostly limited to case reports. The aim of this report was to reflect on the results and lessons learned from a newly created multidisciplinary and multicenter 3D unit of the Spanish Society of Thoracic Surgery (SECT). Read More

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Partial Vertebrectomies without Instrumented Stabilization During En Bloc Resection of Primary Bronchogenic Carcinomas Invading the Spine: Feasibility Study and Results on Spine Balance.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 22;122:e1542-e1550. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hôpital Gui de Chauliac, Montpellier University Medical Center, Montpellier, France; INSERM U1198, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Objective: It is unknown whether spinal instrumentation is required to prevent deformity after partial vertebrectomy in the treatment of primary bronchogenic carcinomas invading the spine (PBCIS). In this study, we focus on the postoperative spine deformity in patients who underwent operation for partial vertebrectomies without instrumentation during en bloc PBCIS resection. Our objective was to determine whether deformity depends on the type of vertebral resection and if any vertebral resection threshold can be observed to justify additional spinal instrumentation. Read More

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February 2019

Induction chemoradiotherapy versus chemotherapy alone for superior sulcus lung cancer.

Lung Cancer 2018 08 19;122:206-213. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Marcus Neuroscience Institute, Boca Raton Regional Hospital, Boca Raton, FL, USA.

Objectives: Although treatment of superior sulcus tumors with induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery employed in the Intergroup INT-0160 trial is widely adopted as a standard of care, there may be significant associated morbidity and mortality. We describe our experience using standard and alternative induction regimens to assess survival rates and treatment toxicity in these patients.

Materials And Methods: Electronic medical records of all patients who underwent multimodality treatment including resection of lung cancer invading the superior pulmonary sulcus between 1994 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Original "double-step" technique for large superior sulcus tumors invading the anterior chest wall without subclavian vessels involvement.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Jun;10(Suppl 16):S1850-S1854

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (DIMEC), Alma Mater Studiorum, Sant' Orsola Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: In some patients with complex Superior Sulcus tumors, a combination of surgical accesses may be required. For patients with very large tumors which invade the first ribs anteriorly and without subclavian vessels involvement, we developed a "double-step" technique to facilitate resection and reduce surgical trauma.

Methods: The technique was performed on five patients with a bulky non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), four of whom had a Superior Sulcus tumor. Read More

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[Advance of Treatment for Superior Sulcus Tumor of the Lung].

Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi 2018 Jun;21(6):493-497

Department of Thoracic Surgery, National Cancer Center, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

Superior sulcus tumor of the lung is a bronchogenic tumor occurred in the apex of the upper lobe of the lung and is a unique clinical subtype of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which account for less than 5% of all bronchogenic carcinomas. It often involves the first rib, brachial plexus, subclavian vessels, sympathetic chain, stellate ganglion or vertebra. A lot of progress has been achieved in the treatment of superior sulcus tumor over the past decades. Read More

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Robotic Hybrid Approach for an Anterior Pancoast Tumor in a Severely Obese Patient.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 09 12;106(3):e115-e116. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, European Institute of Oncology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Department of Oncology and Hemato-oncology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Several different surgical approaches to anterior Pancoast tumors have been proposed. The osteomuscular-sparing transmanubrial approach allows optimal exposure and control of apical chest wall structures, but it requires an additional thoracotomy to perform the lobectomy with radical lymph node resection. The presented technique combines the osteomuscular-sparing transmanubrial approach with robotic-assisted upper lobectomy in a severely obese patient, thereby reducing the invasiveness of the surgical approach and the postoperative complications. Read More

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September 2018

A novel muscle-sparing high thoracotomy for upper thoracic spine resection and reconstruction.

Eur Spine J 2018 07 7;27(7):1567-1574. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Houston Methodist Hospital, 6550 Fannin Street, Smith Tower, Suite 2500, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Purpose: High thoracotomy allows access to the anterior cervicothoracic and upper thoracic vertebrae; however, traditional techniques transect shoulder girdle muscles, leading to postoperative shoulder dysfunction. Muscle-sparing techniques diminish this concern, but often sacrifice the quality of exposure. We describe a novel muscle-sparing, high thoracotomy approach for the treatment of ventral cervicothoracic and upper thoracic spine lesions. Read More

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Surgical Treatment of Superior Sulcus Tumors: A 15-Year Single-center Experience.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Spring;29(1):79-88. Epub 2017 Feb 22.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy; Department of Oncology and Hematology, DIPO, University of Milan, Italy.

This paper reports on the characteristics, treatment modalities, and outcomes of patients with superior sulcus tumors who underwent surgery over a period of 15 years in 1 institution. Clinical records of 94 consecutive patients operated on by the same surgical team for non-small cell lung cancer between July 1998 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients received lung and chest wall en bloc resection. Read More

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September 2017

An effective and safe surgical approach for a superior sulcus tumor: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 17;37:87-89. Epub 2017 Jun 17.

Second Department of Surgery, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Introduction: Superior sulcus tumors, frequently referred to as Pancoast tumors, are a wide range of tumors invading a section of the apical chest wall called the thoracic inlet. For this reason, a surgical approach and complete resection may be difficult to accomplish. We experienced a locally advanced superior sulcus tumor (SST) located from the anterior to posterior apex thoracic inlet and performed complete resection after definitive chemoradiation. Read More

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Less Invasive Approach to Pancoast Tumor in a Partitioned Incision.

Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Jun 9;23(3):161-163. Epub 2017 May 9.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan.

We describe our approach to resect a Pancoast tumor with thoracoscopic assistance in a partitioned incision. We used the LigaSure vessel-sealing system under thoracoscopy in chest wall resection for Pancoast tumor. This approach is of great utility: easy-to use and less invasive for Pancoast tumor resection. Read More

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Trimodality therapy for Pancoast tumors: T4 is not a contraindication to radical surgery.

J Surg Oncol 2017 Aug 13;116(2):227-235. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the impact of T stage and extended surgery on the outcome of patients with Pancoast tumors after induction chemoradiation therapy.

Methods: Forty-six consecutive patients who underwent chemoradiation therapy (platin-based, 45-66 Gy) followed by surgery between 1998 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed.

Results: In 28 (61%) patients with T4 tumors, extended procedures (more than rib resection) were performed. Read More

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A rare presentation of myxofibrosarcoma as a Pancoast tumor: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2017 Mar 7;11(1):61. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Department of Surgery, Weiss Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Myxofibrosarcoma is an aggressive soft tissue neoplasm, classified as a variant of malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Most often, it occurs in middle to late adult life peaking in the seventh decade and involving the lower extremities (77%), trunk (12%), and retroperitoneum or mediastinum (8%). We report the first case of thoracic myxofibrosarcoma presenting as a Pancoast tumor. Read More

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Preoperative planning and tracheal stent design in thoracic surgery: a primer for the 2017 Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) hands-on course in 3D printing.

3D Print Med 2017 6;3(1):14. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

1Department of Medical Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa School of Medicine, Ottawa, ON Canada.

In this work, we provide specific clinical examples to demonstrate basic practical techniques involved in image segmentation, computer-aided design, and 3D printing. A step-by-step approach using United States Food and Drug Administration cleared software is provided to enhance surgical intervention in a patient with a complex superior sulcus tumor. Furthermore, patient-specific device creation is demonstrated using dedicated computer-aided design software. Read More

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December 2017

Single Posterior Approach for Resection and Stabilization for Locally Advanced Pancoast Tumors Involving the Spine: Single Centre Experience.

Asian Spine J 2016 Dec 8;10(6):1047-1057. Epub 2016 Dec 8.

Division of Neurosurgery, Hôpital Notre-Dame, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Study Design: Monocentric prospective study.

Purpose: To assess the safety and effectiveness of the posterior approach for resection of advanced Pancoast tumors.

Overview Of Literature: In patients with advanced Pancoast tumors invading the spine, most surgical teams consider the combined approach to be necessary for "" resection to control visceral, vascular, and neurological structures. Read More

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December 2016

VATS lobectomy combined with limited Shaw-Paulson thoracotomy for posterolateral Pancoast tumor.

Tumori 2016 Nov 11;102(Suppl. 2). Epub 2016 Nov 11.

Thoracic Surgery and Lung Transplant Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan - Italy.

Purpose: Several techniques have been proposed for the challenging surgical resection of Pancoast tumors. We describe a hybrid approach that combines video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy and limited Shaw-Paulson thoracotomy.

Methods: We report a case of Pancoast tumor in a 57-year-old man, staged as cT3N0M0, that was treated with induction chemoradiotherapy prior to the hybrid surgical approach. Read More

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November 2016

Diagnosing and treating pancoast tumors.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2016 12 27;10(12):1255-1258. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

a Pulmonary Oncology Unit, "G. Papanikolaou" General Hospital , Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.

Introduction: According to the American College of Chest Physician definition, a Pancoast tumor is a tumor which invades any of the structures of the apex of the chest including the first thoracic ribs or periosteum, the lower nerve roots of the bronchial plexus, the sympathetic chain and stellate gaglion near the apex of the chest or the subclavian vessels. Pancoast tumors account for less than 3-5 % of lung tumors. Areas covered: We searched the libraries scopus and pub med and found 124 related manuscripts. Read More

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December 2016

Superior sulcus non-small cell lung carcinoma: A comparison of IMRT and 3D-RT dosimetry.

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2016 Sep-Oct;21(5):427-34. Epub 2016 May 5.

Radiotherapy Department, Centre Paul Strauss, 3, rue de la Porte de l'Hôpital, BP 42, 67065 Strasbourg Cedex, France; Radiobiology Laboratory EA 3430, Federation of Translational Medicine in Strasbourg (FMTS), Strasbourg University, Strasbourg, France.

Aim: A dosimetric study comparing intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) by TomoTherapy to conformational 3D radiotherapy (3D-RT) in patients with superior sulcus non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Background: IMRT became the main technique in modern radiotherapy. However it was not currently used for lung cancers. Read More

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Superior sulcus tumors (Pancoast tumors).

Ann Transl Med 2016 Jun;4(12):239

Thoracic Surgery Unit, Department of Cardiologic, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua, Padova, Italy.

Superior Sulcus Tumors, frequently termed as Pancoast tumors, are a wide range of tumors invading the apical chest wall. Due to its localization in the apex of the lung, with the potential invasion of the lower part of the brachial plexus, first ribs, vertebrae, subclavian vessels or stellate ganglion, the superior sulcus tumors cause characteristic symptoms, like arm or shoulder pain or Horner's syndrome. The management of superior sulcus tumors has dramatically evolved over the past 50 years. Read More

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Video-assisted pulmonary lobectomy combined with transmanubrial approach for anterior Pancoast tumor resection: case report.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2016 Apr 14;11(1):65. Epub 2016 Apr 14.

Thoracic Surgery and Lung Transplant Unit, Fondazione IRCCS (Scientific Institute for Research Hospitalization and Health Care) "Ca' Granda" General Hospital University of Milan, Via Francesco Sforza, 35, Milan, 20122, Italy.

Background: The mini-ivasive approach to superior sulcus tumors is an uncommon procedure that is still far from standardization. We describe a hybrid surgical technique to approach "en block" chest resection and pulmonary lobectomy for anterior superior sulcus tumors.

Case Presentation: A patient affected by right anterior Pancoast tumor surgically staged as cT4N0M0 (suspected anonymous vein invasion) underwent chemo-radiation induction therapy with satisfactory tumor reduction. Read More

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Combined treatment modalities in Pancoast tumor: results of a monocentric retrospective study.

Chin Clin Oncol 2015 Dec;4(4):39

Clermont University, Université d'Auvergne, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France; Radiotherapy Department, Jean Perrin Anti-Cancer Center, 63011 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background: A retrospective monocentric study of consecutive patients with superior sulcus tumor non-small cell lung cancer (SS-NSCLC), treated by induction concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT), article management.

Methods: From 1994 to 2005, 36 patients (15 T3, 21 T4 tumors, including N2-N3 node involvement) received induction CRT with cisplatin/vinorelbine/fluorouracil combined with 44 Gy radiotherapy (5 daily 2 Gy fractions/week). After CRT completion, RECIST evaluation and operability were assessed. Read More

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December 2015

[Anterior or Posterior Approach with Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Superior Sulcus Tumors].

Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi 2015 Nov;18(11):696-700

Department of Thoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

Background And Objective: The surgical resection for pancoast tumors remains challenging. There are only few reports explaining the use of VATS in the treatment of Pancoast tumors. The aim of this study is to assess whether the use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for the surgical treatment of Pancoast tumors was feasible and safe. Read More

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November 2015

Three dimensional model for surgical planning in resection of thoracic tumors.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2015 3;16:127-9. Epub 2015 Oct 3.

Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, TX, United States.

Introduction: The computed tomography scan provides vital information about the relationship of thoracic malignancies to the surrounding structures and aids in surgical planning. However, it can be difficult to visualize the images in a two-dimensional screen to interpret the full extent of the relationship between important structures in the surgical field.

Presentation Of Case: We report two cases where we used a three-dimensional printed model to aid in the surgical resection of thoracic malignancies. Read More

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November 2015