50,590 results match your criteria PM&R [Journal]


Study of particle number size distributions at Azadi terminal in Tehran, comparing high-traffic and no traffic area.

MethodsX 2018 27;5:1549-1555. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Vehicle traffic is known as the anthropogenic aerosol source in megacities. Exposure to ambient air pollution, especially particulate matter has become the most environmental risk factor. The main aim of this study is to determine the particle number and their size distribution in Tehran at Azadi terminal (located in the West of Tehran), crossing of Nawab and Azadi streets the area with high traffic, and campus of Tehran University as an area without traffic. Read More

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November 2018

Requirements for Transparency and Communicability of Regulatory Science.

Dose Response 2018 Oct-Dec;16(4):1559325818813056. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Georgetown School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA.

This article presents the results of a study attempting to provide examples that implement transparency and communicability elements of Ethical Rules Principle of Best Available Regulatory Science (BARS) and Metrics for Evaluation of Regulatory Science Claims (MERSC). It starts with an overview of regulatory science and briefly summarizes principles of BARS and key pillars of MERSC. Subsequently, the BARS/MERSC system is used to evaluate the linear nonthreshold (LNT) process used in cancer assessments and the similar process used for evaluating in particulate matter (PM) exposure. Read More

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December 2018

Managing stake and accountability in Prime Ministers' accounts of the "refugee crisis": A longitudinal analysis.

J Community Appl Soc Psychol 2018 Nov-Dec;28(6):406-429. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Social Research University of Helsinki Helsinki Finland.

Taking a (critical) discursive psychological approach, the present study explores the identity management of the Finnish and Swedish Prime Ministers (PM) in relation to the "refugee crisis" and their countries' asylum policies. By taking a longitudinal approach and analysing the PMs' accounts of the "refugee crisis" from 1-year period, we focused on the ways rhetorical devices related to ethos, logos, and pathos were used to manage the issues of stake and accountability, as well as on the ways in which categories were worked up to serve particular functions. Our comparative analysis demonstrated significant similarities in the Finnish and Swedish PMs' talk, especially with regard to the transfer from a discourse of pathos and ethos, describing refugees in terms of individualism and humaneness, to a discourse of logos, emphasizing rationality, justifying sharpened immigration policies, and homogenizing refugees. Read More

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November 2018

A Golgi-released subpopulation of the trans-Golgi network mediates protein secretion in Arabidopsis.

Plant Physiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

RIKEN CITY: Saitama POSTAL_CODE: 351-0198 Japan [JP].

Spatiotemporal coordination of protein trafficking between organelles is essential for eukaryotic cells, and the post-Golgi interface, including the trans-Golgi network (TGN), is a pivotal hub for multiple trafficking pathways. The Golgi-released independent TGN (GI-TGN) is a compartment described only in plant cells, and its cellular and physiological roles remain elusive. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the SYP4 group Qa-SNARE (soluble N-ethyl-maleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) membrane fusion proteins are shared components of TGN and GI-TGN and regulate secretory and vacuolar transport. Read More

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December 2018

Comprehensive Intra-Institution stepping validation of knowledge-based models for automatic plan optimization.

Phys Med 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Medical Physics, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy.

Purpose: To develop and apply a stepping approach for the validation of Knowledge-based (KB) models for planning optimization: the method was applied to the case of concomitant irradiation of pelvic nodes and prostate + seminal-vesicles bed irradiation in post-prostatectomy patients.

Methods: The clinical VMAT plans of 52 patients optimized by two reference planners were selected to generate a KB-model (RapidPlan, v.13. Read More

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December 2018

[Standardized screening of alcohol misuse in emergency wards: The experience of a systematic use of the FACE scale in the European Georges-Pompidou Hospital].

Rev Med Interne 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Psychiatry and Addictology, hôpitaux universitaires Paris-Ouest, AP-HP, 75015 Paris, France; Faculté de médecine, Sorbonne Paris Cité, université Paris-Descartes, 75006 Paris, France; Inserm, U894, centre psychiatrie et neurosciences, 75014 Paris, France.

Introduction: By using a standardized and systematic screening with the FACE questionnaire, our aims were : - to determine the prevalence of alcohol misuse (AM) among patients admitted in the emergency department of the European Georges-Pompidou Hospital; - to search for risk factors associated with AM.

Methods: Patients admitted between 9 am and 5 pm were included for 7 consecutive days in June 2017. The variables collected were age, gender, reason for and day of admission, acute alcohol intoxication, benzodiazepines misuse, use of illicit drugs, and the FACE. Read More

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December 2018

Assessment of the modulation degrees of intensity-modulated radiation therapy plans.

Radiat Oncol 2018 Dec 13;13(1):244. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: To evaluate the modulation indices (MIs) for predicting the plan delivery accuracies of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans.

Methods: A total of 100 dynamic IMRT plans that used TrueBeam STx and 102 dynamic IMRT plans that used Trilogy were selected. For each plan, various MIs were calculated, which included the modulation complexity score (MCS), plan-averaged beam area (PA), plan-averaged beam irregularity (PI), plan-averaged beam modulation (PM), MI quantifying multi-leaf collimator (MLC) speeds (MI), MI quantifying MLC acceleration (MI), and MI quantifying MLC acceleration and segment aperture irregularity (MI). Read More

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December 2018

The Protective Effects of 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2--β-d-Glucoside in the OVA-Induced Asthma Mice Model.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 12;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Pharmacy, Sunchon National University, 255 Jungangno, Suncheon 540-950, Korea.

Asthma is an inflammatory disease caused by an imbalance of Th1 and Th2 cells. In general, asthma is characterized by a stronger Th2 response. Most conventional asthma treatment focuses on improving airway flow or suppression of airway inflammation. Read More

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December 2018

Association between Atmospheric Particulate Pollutants and Mortality for Cardio-Cerebrovascular Diseases in Chinese Korean Population: A Case-Crossover Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 12;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Public Health, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266021, Shandong Province, China.

Background: Air pollution in large Chinese cities has led to recent studies that highlighted the relationship between particulate matters (PM) and elevated risk of cardio-cerebrovascular mortality. However, it is unclear as to whether: (1) The same adverse relations exist in cities with relatively low levels of air pollution; and (2) the relationship between the two are similar across ethnic groups.

Methods: We collected data of PM (PM with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2. Read More

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December 2018

A Native Human Monoclonal Antibody Targeting HCMV gB (AD-2 Site I).

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 11;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Trellis Bioscience, LLC, 702 Marshall Street, Suite 614, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA.

Hyperimmune globulin (HIG) has shown efficacy against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) for both transplant and congenital transmission indications. Replicating that activity with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) offers the potential for improved consistency in manufacturing, lower infusion volume, and improved pharmacokinetics, as well as reduced risk of off-target reactivity leading to toxicity. HCMV pathology is linked to its broad cell tropism. Read More

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December 2018

Characterization of a High PM Exposure Group in Seoul Using the Korea Simulation Exposure Model for PM (KoSEM-PM) Based on Time⁻Activity Patterns and Microenvironmental Measurements.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.

The Korea Simulation Exposure Model for fine particulate matter (PM) (KoSEM-PM) was developed to estimate population PM exposure in Korea. The data were acquired based on 59,945 min of the actual microenvironmental PM measurements and on the time⁻activity patterns of 8072 residents of Seoul. The aims of the study were to estimate daily PM exposure of Seoul population, and to determine the characteristics of a high exposure group. Read More

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December 2018

Fiber-Optic Magnetic Field Sensing Based on Microfiber Knot Resonator with Magnetic Fluid Cladding.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 10;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

College of Science, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China.

A kind of all-fiber magnetic field sensing structure is proposed and demonstrated here. The sensing element includes a microfiber knot resonator (MKR) cladded with magnetic fluid (MF). The low-index MgF₂ slab is adopted as the substrate. Read More

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December 2018

Relationships between Meteorological Parameters and Particulate Matter in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.

Meteorological parameters play an important role in determining the prevalence of ambient particulate matter (PM) in the upper north of Thailand. Mae Hong Son is a province located in this region and which borders Myanmar. This study aimed to determine the relationships between meteorological parameters and ambient concentrations of particulate matter less than 10 µm in diameter (PM) in Mae Hong Son. Read More

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December 2018

Self-Powered Wearable Pressure Sensors with Enhanced Piezoelectric Properties of Aligned P(VDF-TrFE)/MWCNT Composites for Monitoring Human Physiological and Muscle Motion Signs.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2018 Dec 7;8(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

School of Microelectronics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.

Self-powered operation, flexibility, excellent mechanical properties, and ultra-high sensitivity are highly desired properties for pressure sensors in human health monitoring and anthropomorphic robotic systems. Piezoelectric pressure sensors, with enhanced electromechanical performance to effectively distinguish multiple mechanical stimuli (including pressing, stretching, bending, and twisting), have attracted interest to precisely acquire the weak signals of the human body. In this work, we prepared a poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene)/ multi-walled carbon nanotube (P(VDF-TrFE)/MWCNT) composite by an electrospinning process and stretched it to achieve alignment of the polymer chains. Read More

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December 2018

A Novel Class of Injectable Bioceramics that Glue Tissues and Biomaterials.

Materials (Basel) 2018 Dec 7;11(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Applied material science, Department of Engineering, Uppsala University, Uppsala 75121, Sweden.

Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) are clinically effective void fillers that are capable of bridging calcified tissue defects and facilitating regeneration. However, CPCs are completely synthetic/inorganic, unlike the calcium phosphate that is found in calcified tissues, and they lack an architectural organization, controlled assembly mechanisms, and have moderate biomechanical strength, which limits their clinical effectiveness. Herein, we describe a new class of bioinspired CPCs that can glue tissues together and bond tissues to metallic and polymeric biomaterials. Read More

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December 2018
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Experimental Demonstration of Temperature Sensing with Packaged Glass Bottle Microresonators.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 7;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, 13355 Berlin, Germany.

Whispering gallery mode (WGM) glass bottle microresonators are potential highly sensitive structures for a variety of physical and bio-chemical sensing applications. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate the practical use of glass bottle resonators as temperature sensors. The basic parameters, such as WGM resonance wavelengths, free spectral ranges, and factors, have been investigated by coupling light from a tapered fiber to the bottle structure. Read More

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December 2018

Short-term propamocarb exposure induces hepatic metabolism disorder associated with gut microbiota dysbiosis in adult male zebrafish.

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biotechnology, College of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, China.

Propamocarb (PM) is a pesticide that is widely used to protect cucumbers and other plants from downy mildew. Recently, some studies indicated that PM exposure had potential toxic effects in animals. In this study, adult male zebrafish were exposed to 100 and 1000 μg/l PM for 7 days to assess its effects on metabolism and the gut microbiota. Read More

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December 2018

Sensitivity of projected PM- and O-related health impacts to model inputs: A case study in mainland China.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 10;123:256-264. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

In China, fine particulate matter (PM) and ground-level ozone (O) are anticipated to continuously affect large populations in the coming decades. Simulations of the levels of these pollutants largely depend on emissions inputs, which are highly uncertain both in magnitude and spatial distribution. Our goal was to explore sensitivities of projected changes in PM- and O-related short-term health impacts in mainland China to emissions and other model inputs. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of intervention of biomass cookstove technologies and kitchen characteristics on indoor air quality and human exposure in rural settings of India.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 10;123:240-255. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh 517 506, India. Electronic address:

This study investigates the impact of increased levels of indoor air pollution (IAP) caused due to biomass burning in the rural households of Northern India. A comparative assessment of the impact of traditional cookstoves (TCS) and improved cookstoves (ICS) coupled with the characteristics of kitchen was conducted to estimate the PM (PM, PM, PM), CO/CO concentrations in the micro-environments of kitchen and living area of the households. The study incorporated both extensive and intensive real-time indoor air quality (IAQ) monitoring during the two cooking sessions of the day. Read More

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December 2018

Environmental regulation, economic growth and air pollution: Panel threshold analysis for OECD countries.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 5;657:234-241. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China.

Particles with a diameter of <2.5 μm (PM) have serious adverse-effects on human health, which have caused widespread public concern in recent decades. Currently, most of the existing research on PM have used linear regression analysis; very few studies on the subject have been conducted using non-linear models. Read More

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December 2018

Short-term PM and emergency department admissions for selective cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Beijing, China.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 6;657:213-221. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Few studies have explored PM's connection with specific respiratory and cardiovascular emergency department admissions (EDAs). This study aimed to examine the overall effects of PM on EDAs for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including specifically, cerebrovascular events (CVE), ischemic heart disease (IHD), arrhythmia, heart failure (HF), upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma.

Methods: We collected daily data for EDAs from the 10 largest hospitals in Beijing, between January 2013 and December 2013 as well as daily measurements of PM from 17 stations in Beijing. Read More

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December 2018

Abacavir, nevirapine, and ritonavir modulate intracellular calcium levels without affecting GHRH-mediated growth hormone secretion in somatotropic cells in vitro.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Unit of Endocrinology, Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy; Center for Genomic Research, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Growth Hormone (GH) deficiency is frequent in HIV-infected patients treated with antiretroviral therapy. We treated GH3 cells with antiretrovirals (nevirapine, ritonavir or abacavir sulfate; 100 pM-1 mM range), after transfection with human growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) receptor cDNA. Cells viability, intracellular cAMP, phosphorylation of CREB and calcium increase, GH production and secretion were evaluated both in basal condition and after GHRH, using MTT, bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, western blotting and ELISA. Read More

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December 2018

Corrigenda.

Authors:

PM R 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

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December 2018

Corrigendum.

Authors:

PM R 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

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December 2018

Corrigendum.

Authors:

PM R 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

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December 2018

Nighttime intensive care unit discharge and outcomes: A propensity matched retrospective cohort study.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0207268. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Dept. of Critical Care Medicine, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Nighttime ICU discharge, i.e., discharge from the ICU during the night hours, has been associated with increased readmission rates, hospital length of stay (LOS) and in-hospital mortality. Read More

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December 2018

Mononuclear Salen-Sodium Ion Pairs as Catalysts for Isoselective Polymerization of rac-Lactide.

Inorg Chem 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Metal Chemistry and Resources Utilization of Gansu Province , Lanzhou University , Lanzhou 730000 , People's Republic of China.

A series of mononuclear salen-sodium anions, as the first examples, were synthesized with tetra-alkyl ammonium as a counterpart cation. These complexes are efficient catalysts for the isoselective ring-opening polymerization of rac-lactide; the molecular weights of polymers are under control and molecular weight distributions are narrow when five equivalents of BnOH is used as an initiator. The best isoselectivity value of P = 0. Read More

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December 2018

Alternative respiration pathway is involved in the response of highland barley to salt stress.

Plant Cell Rep 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, People's Republic of China.

Key Message: Alternative respiration pathway is involved in the response of highland barley to salt stress. The response of two barley seedlings to salt stress was investigated. Results showed that the growth of highland barley (Kunlun 14) and barley (Ganpi 6) had no obvious difference under low concentrations (50, 100 and 200 mM) of NaCl treatment. Read More

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December 2018

Contemporary Outcomes of Pediatric Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: A Single-Center Experience.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Heart Institute, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Background: Pediatric restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) has high mortality in historical cohorts, and traditional management often involves early referral for heart transplantation (HTx). This study sought to determine outcomes of pediatric RCM at a center that has favored medical management over early listing for HTx.

Methods: All patients (N = 43) with pure RCM phenotype (RCM, N = 26) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with restrictive physiology (RCM/HCM, N = 17) managed at our center over a 15-year period were investigated. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of Pollution of Soils and Particulate Matter Around Metal Recycling Factories in Southwestern Nigeria.

J Health Pollut 2018 Mar 12;8(17):20-30. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Institute of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Potsdam, Germany.

Background: Metal recycling factories (MRFs) have developed rapidly in Nigeria as recycling policies have been increasingly embraced. These MRFs are point sources for introducing potentially toxic elements (PTEs) into environmental media.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the constituents (elemental and mineralogy) of the wastes (slag and particulate matter, (PM)) and soils around the MRFs and to determine the level of pollution within the area. Read More

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Tranexamic acid therapy for postoperative bleeding after bariatric surgery.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:36. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1Department of Surgery, Maasstad Hospital, Maasstadweg 21, 3079 DZ Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Tranexamic acid reduces blood loss associated with various surgical procedures. Postoperative bleeding caused by dissection or bleeding of the enteric staple lines is a well-known complication following bariatric surgery. Reoperation in order to restore hemostasis is frequently necessary (up to 2. Read More

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December 2018

Particulate Air Pollution, Blood Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number, and Telomere Length in Mothers in the First Trimester of Pregnancy: Effects on Fetal Growth.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2018 5;2018:5162905. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

EPIGET LAB, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Growing evidences have shown that particulate matter (PM) exposures during pregnancy are associated with impaired fetal development and adverse birth outcomes, possibly as a result of an exaggerated systemic oxidative stress and inflammation. Telomere length (TL) is strongly linked to biological age and is impacted by oxidative stress. We hypothesized that PM exposure during different time windows in the first trimester of pregnancy influences both mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn), an established biomarker for oxidative stress, and TL. Read More

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November 2018

Biological Effects of Tetrahydroxystilbene Glucoside: An Active Component of a Rhizome Extracted from .

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2018 4;2018:3641960. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Traditional Chinese Medicine Department, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.

Thunb. (PM), a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, has been widely used in the Orient as a tonic and antiaging agent. 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2---D-glucoside (TSG, CHO, FW = 406. Read More

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November 2018

Dandelion Chloroform Extract Promotes Glucose Uptake via the AMPK/GLUT4 Pathway in L6 Cells.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 7;2018:1709587. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

National Demonstration Center for Experimental Ethnopharmacology Education, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China.

The number of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing rapidly worldwide. Glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is one of the main proteins that transport blood glucose into the cells and is a target in the treatment of T2DM. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of action of dandelion chloroform extract (DCE) on glucose uptake in L6 cells. Read More

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November 2018

Integrated comparison of the miRNAome and mRNAome in muscles of dermatomyositis and polymyositis reveals common and specific miRNA-mRNAs.

Epigenomics 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Rheumatology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 87 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410008, PR China.

Aim: Dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) are refractory systemic autoimmune diseases with unknown pathogenesis. miRNAs is an important epigenetic mechanism to regulate gene expression.

Methods: We performed whole miRNAs analysis, transcription analysis and the association between miRNAome and mRNAome. Read More

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December 2018

Neutralization of Clostridium difficile toxin B with VHH-Fc fusions targeting the delivery and CROPs domains.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208978. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Human Health Therapeutics Research Centre, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

An increasing number of antibody-based therapies are being considered for controlling bacterial infections, including Clostridium difficile by targeting toxins A and B. In an effort to develop novel C. difficile immunotherapeutics, we previously isolated several single-domain antibodies (VHHs) capable of toxin A neutralization through recognition of the extreme C-terminal combined repetitive oligopeptides (CROPs) domain, but failed at identifying neutralizing VHHs that bound a similar region on toxin B. Read More

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December 2018
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Sevoflurane impairs learning and memory of the developing brain through post-transcriptional inhibition of CCNA2 via microRNA-19-3p.

Aging (Albany NY) 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, Qianfoshan Hospital of Shandong Province, Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250014, China.

The molecular mechanisms underlying sevoflurane (SEVO)-induced impairment of learning and memory remain unclear. Specifically, a role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the control of the neuron proliferation in the developing brain exposed to SEVO has not been reported previously. Here, we studied the effects of SEVO exposure on the neural cell proliferation, and on the learning and memory of neonatal rats. Read More

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December 2018

Lanthanide-Based Coordination Polymers With 1,4-Carboxyphenylboronic Ligand: Multiemissive Compounds for Multisensitive Luminescent Thermometric Probes.

Inorg Chem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Univ Rennes, INSA Rennes, CNRS, UMR 6226 "Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes" , F-35000 Rennes , France.

Reactions in water of lanthanide chlorides with the sodium salt of 1,4-carboxyphenylboronic acid lead to two series of isostructural compounds with respective general chemical formulas [Ln(cpb)(HO)] for Ln = La or Ce and [Ln(cpbOH)(HO)·(cpb)] for Ln = Pr-Lu (except Pm) plus Y. Heterolanthanide coordination polymers that are isostructural to the second series have been synthesized, and their photophysical properties have been studied. This study evidences that it is possible to design multiemissive lanthanide-based coordination polymers that could find their application as multigauge luminescent thermometric probes. Read More

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December 2018

Usefulness of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Devices.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 2;123(1):93-99. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

University of Iowa.

The benefit of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients supported by a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is unknown. There are currently no guidelines regarding the continuation, discontinuation or pacemaker (PM) settings post-LVAD implant. The aim of the study was to assess the hemodynamic benefit of biventricular (BiV) pacing in LVAD patients. Read More

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January 2019

Aerosol and pollutant characteristics in Delhi during a winter research campaign.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Indian Metrological Department, Lodhi Road, New Delhi, 110 003, India.

Urban areas in developing countries are major sources of carbonaceous aerosols and air pollutants, pointing out the need for a detailed assessment of their levels and origin close to the source. A multi-instrument research campaign was performed in Delhi during December 2015-February 2016 aimed at exploring the pollution levels and the contribution of various sources to particulate matter (PM) concentrations, black carbon (BC) aerosols, and trace gases. The weak winds (< 5-6 m s) along with the shallow boundary layer favoured the formation of thick and persistent fog conditions, which along with the high BC (24. Read More

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December 2018

Surface contamination in the operating room: use of adenosine triphosphate monitoring.

J Anesth 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA.

Purpose: We prospectively investigated contamination of high-contact surfaces in the operating room (OR) using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) monitoring. We tested whether contamination would increase from morning (AM) to afternoon (PM), despite cleaning between cases. Second, we compared the degree of OR contamination to non-OR control sites. Read More

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December 2018
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Health-Related Quality of Life and Psychological Adjustment of Children and Adolescents with Pacemakers and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: A Systematic Review.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Heart Centre, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstr. 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland.

The absence of cardiac symptoms, the improved exercise tolerance and the increased life expectancy are the advantages of a successful cardiac device therapy. Nevertheless, the fact of a lifelong device dependency, the inherent possibility of device malfunction and the progression of the underlying heart disease may impact the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the psychological adjustment of these individuals. To date, an overview of findings on these topics is lacking. Read More

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December 2018

Increased cryo-survival rate in ejaculated human sperm from infertile men following pre-freeze myo-inositol supplementation.

Clin Exp Reprod Med 2018 Dec 30;45(4):177-182. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Ajyal IVF Center, Ajyal Hospital, Sohag, Egypt.

Objective: To investigate the effects of myo-inositol (Myo-Ins) supplementation of cryopreserved human semen on the cryo-survival rate (CSR).

Methods: Semen samples were obtained from 41 infertile men. Following routine semen analysis, each sample was divided into two equal aliquots (0. Read More

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December 2018

Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction with abnormal papillary muscles.

J Cardiol Cases 2015 Feb 25;11(2):69-72. Epub 2014 Nov 25.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa, Japan.

A 65-year-old man with a history of hypertension was admitted to our hospital with fainting and syncope. He had experienced recurrent syncope since 20 years of age. On admission, systolic heart murmur was audible at the apex of the heart. Read More

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February 2015

When face-tracking meets social networks: a story of politics in news videos.

Appl Netw Sci 2016 1;1(1). Epub 2016 Jun 1.

1National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8430 Japan.

In the age of data processing, news videos are rich mines of information. After all, the news are essentially created to convey information to the public. But can we go beyond what is directly presented to us and see a wider picture? Many works already focus on what we can discover and understand from the analysis of years of news broadcasting. Read More

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Ventricular fusion mimicking acute inferior myocardial infarction in a patient with a dual-chamber pacemaker.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Oct 10;6(4):e106-e108. Epub 2012 Jul 10.

Cardiology Division, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Maggiore della Carità, Corso Mazzini 18, 28100 Novara, Italy.

Background And Purpose: Early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction is based on 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG), however this interpretation could be difficult in patients with ventricular-paced rhythm.

Subject: We describe the clinical case of a 44-year-old man already implanted with a dual-chamber closed loop stimulation (CLS) pacemaker (PM) and admitted to our department with an ECG showing ST elevation in the inferior leads. All examinations were negative and showed no abnormalities. Read More

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October 2012

Orchestration of Cu-Zn SOD and class III peroxidase with upstream interplay between NADPH oxidase and PM H-ATPase mediates root growth in Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek.

J Plant Physiol 2018 Nov 8;232:248-256. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Botany, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, 731235, West Bengal, India. Electronic address:

Post-germination plant growth depends on the regulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism, spatiotemporal pH changes and Ca homeostasis, whose potential integration has been studied during Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek root growth. The dissipation of proton (H) gradients across plasma membrane (PM) by CCCP (protonophore) and the inhibition of PM H-ATPase by sodium orthovanadate repressed SOD (superoxide dismutase; EC 1. Read More

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November 2018

Mixotrophic in vitro cultivations: the way to go astray in plant physiology.

Physiol Plant 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Experimental Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Viničná 5 12843, Prague, Czech Republic.

Rate of photosynthesis and related plant carbohydrate status are crucial factors affecting plant vigour. Sugars providing carbon and energy sources serve also as important signalling molecules governing plant growth and development through a complex regulatory network. These facts are often neglected when mixotrophic cultivation of plants in vitro is used, where artificial exogenous sugar supply hinders studies of metabolism as well as sugar-driven developmental processes. Read More

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December 2018

Polyneuropathy in Severely Obese Women Without Diabetes: Prevalence and Associated Factors.

Obes Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: Obesity and its complications are prevalent in women and increase with age. Polyneuropathy (PNP) is a complication of obesity and bariatric surgery (BS). In subjects with severe (grades II and III) obesity and without DM who are candidates for BS, the prevalence of PNP and associated conditions are not well characterized. Read More

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December 2018
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Effects of litter floor access and inclusion of experienced hens in aviary housing on floor eggs, litter condition, air quality, and hen welfare.

Poult Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Veterinary Diagnostic & Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames 5011-1134, IA, USA.

With different cage-free (CF) housing styles and management schemes, retailers have developed their own CF criteria. One highly debated aspect is if hens may be kept inside the system for part of the day-during the first few hours after lights-on. Research is lacking regarding the impacts of such a practice on hen welfare, incidence of eggs laid on the litter floor, litter condition, and air quality. Read More

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December 2018