15,838 results match your criteria Overuse Injury


Optimized Curcumin, Pomegranate Extract, and Methylsulfonylmethane Reduce Acute, Systemic Inflammatory Response to a Half-marathon Race.

Altern Ther Health Med 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Context: Endurance running places substantial physiological strain on the body, which can develop into chronic inflammation and overuse injuries, negatively affecting subsequent training and performance. A recent study found that dietary polyphenols and methlysulfonylmethane (MSM) can reduce systemic inflammation and oxidative stress without adverse side effects.

Objective: The purpose was to identify a set of candidate protein and RNA biomarkers that are associated with improved outcomes related to inflammation and muscle injury, when athletes used 3 proprietary supplements both prior to and during early recovery from a half-marathon race. Read More

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Association of the matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) single nucleotide polymorphisms with tendinopathies: case-control study in high-level athletes.

Int Orthop 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Genos Ltd, Borongajska cesta 83h, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in matrix remodelling, as well as in tendon integrity. Due to overuse, athletes often develop chronic tendinopathies. If not treated, they lead to severe impairment, even complete tendon ruptures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-020-04684-wDOI Listing

Macrophage Membrane-Coated Nanoparticles Alleviate Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Caused by Orthotopic Liver Transplantation by Neutralizing Endotoxin.

Int J Nanomedicine 2020 11;15:4125-4138. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 40000, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: To investigate the effect and mechanism of macrophage membrane-coated nanoparticles (M-NPs) on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/RI) caused by orthotopic liver transplantation. In addition, the advantages of TLR4/M-NPs compared to M-NPs are discussed.

Materials And Methods: We prepared biomimetic M-NPs and identified their characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S253125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296981PMC

A Pilot Study of Musculoskeletal Abnormalities in Patients in Recovery from a Unilateral Rupture-Repaired Achilles Tendon.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 28;17(13). Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Faculty of Sports Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

The purpose of this study was to compare the inter-limb joint kinematics, joint moments, muscle forces, and joint reaction forces in patients after an Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) via subject-specific musculoskeletal modeling. Six patients recovering from a surgically repaired unilateral ATR were included in this study. The bilateral Achilles tendon (AT) lengths were evaluated using ultrasound imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134642DOI Listing

Overuse Injuries in Pediatric Athletes.

Adv Pediatr 2020 Aug 26;67:171-182. Epub 2020 May 26.

Penn State College of Medicine, 30 Hope Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yapd.2020.04.001DOI Listing

Epidemiology of injury and illness in 153 Australian international-level rowers over eight international seasons.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Queensland Sports Medicine Centre, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: To report the epidemiology of injury and illness in elite rowers over eight seasons (two Olympiads).

Methods: All athletes selected to the Australian Rowing Team between 2009 and 2016 were monitored prospectively under surveillance for injury and illness. The incidence and burden of injury and illness were calculated per 1000 athlete days (ADs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101402DOI Listing

Injury risks among elite competitive alpine skiers are underestimated if not registered prospectively, over the entire season and regardless of whether requiring medical attention.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Sports Medical Research Group, Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Lengghalde 5, Zurich, 8008, Switzerland.

Purpose: Prospective studies assessing the injuries occurring in elite competitive alpine skiers are lacking, and a full picture of all injuries, including those not requiring medical attention, is absent. Likewise, little is known about the sex-specific injury risks and patterns of elite skiers throughout an entire season (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-020-06110-5DOI Listing

Initial Evaluation by a Non-Surgeon Provider Does Not Delay the Surgical Care of Pediatric Forearm and Elbow Trauma in a Walk-In Orthopaedic Clinic.

Cureus 2020 May 15;12(5):e8139. Epub 2020 May 15.

Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis, USA.

Introduction Walk-in and after-hours clinics are being increasingly utilized in orthopedics and are especially beneficial for patients with simple sprains, fractures, or overuse injuries that might otherwise require an emergency room visit. To meet the increased patient load, additional staffing often is required, which might include a family medicine physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant. Few studies have evaluated the performance of these non-surgeon providers in an orthopedic clinical setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294849PMC

Radiographic Pattern to Recognize of Overuse Injury in Runners: The Ipsilateral Pubic Ramus and Sacral Bone Stress Injury.

PM R 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School/Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmrj.12436DOI Listing

Risk factors for overuse injuries in short- and long-distance running: A systematic review.

J Sport Health Sci 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Research Group Diagnostics, Avans University of Applied Sciences, Breda, 4818 CR, the Netherlands; Department of Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Behavioral and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, 1081 HV, the Netherlands.

Background: The aim of this study was to review information about risk factors for lower extremity running injuries in both short-distance (mean running distance ≤20 km/week and ≤10 km/session) and long-distance runners (mean running distance >20 km/week and >10 km/session).

Methods: Electronic databases were searched for articles published up to February 2019. Prospective cohort studies using multivariable analysis for the assessment of individual risk factors or risk models for the occurrence of lower extremity running injuries were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2020.06.006DOI Listing

Cumulative Risk on Oxytocin-Pathway Genes Impairs Default Mode Network Connectivity in Trauma-Exposed Youth.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020 22;11:335. Epub 2020 May 22.

Interdiscilinary Center Herzliya, Baruch Ivcher School of Psychology, Herzliya, Israel.

Although the default mode network (DMN) is a core network essential for brain functioning, little is known about its developmental trajectory, particularly on factors associated with its coherence into a functional network. In light of adult studies indicating DMN's susceptibility to stress-related conditions, we examined links between variability on oxytocin-pathway genes and DMN connectivity in youth exposed to chronic war-related trauma Following a cohort of war-exposed children from early childhood, we imaged the brains of 74 preadolescents (age 11-13 years; 39 war-exposed) during rest using magnetoencephalography (MEG). A cumulative risk index on oxytocin-pathway genes was constructed by combining single nucleotide polymorphisms on five genes previously linked with social deficits and psychopathology; rs1042778, rs2254298, rs53576, rs3796863, and RS3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.00335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256187PMC

Estimating upper extremity joint loads of persons with spinal cord injury walking with a lower extremity powered exoskeleton and forearm crutches.

J Biomech 2020 Jun 8;107:109835. Epub 2020 May 8.

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, 505 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON K1H8M2 Canada; University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine, 451 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, ON K1H8M5, Canada.

Lower extremity powered exoskeletons with crutch support can provide upright mobility to persons with complete spinal cord injury (SCI); however, crutch use for balance and weight transfer may increase upper extremity (UE) joint loads and injury risk. This research presented the first exoskeleton-human musculoskeletal model to estimate upper extremity biomechanics, driven by 3D motion data of persons with complete SCI walking with an exoskeleton and crutch assistance. Forearm crutches instrumented with strain gauges, force plates, and a 3D motion capture system were used to collect kinematic and kinetic data from five persons with complete SCI while walking with the ARKE exoskeleton. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2020.109835DOI Listing

Nutritional Strategies to Optimize Performanceand Recovery in Rowing Athletes.

Nutrients 2020 Jun 5;12(6). Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Division of Food Bioscience, College of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Konkuk University,Chungju-si 27478, Korea.

Rowing is a high-intensity sport requiring a high level of aerobic and anaerobic capacity. Although good nutrition is essential for successful performance in a rowing competition, its significance is not sufficiently established. This review aimed to provide nutritional strategies to optimize performance and recovery in rowing athletes based on a literature review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061685DOI Listing

Relationship Between Jump-Landing Kinematics and Lower Extremity Overuse Injuries in Physically Active Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sports Med 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 3B3, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Lower extremity overuse injuries are common in athletes participating in sports with repeated bouts of landing manoeuvres. Biomechanical alterations during landing may be associated with these types of injuries. The objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to summarise and determine the relationship between kinematic alterations during a landing task and the development of lower extremity overuse injuries in physically active populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01296-7DOI Listing

Radiation Effective Dose Above 100 mSv From Fluoroscopically Guided Intervention: Frequency and Patient Medical Condition.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2020 Jun 6:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit St, Boston, MA 02114.

The purpose of this article was to investigate the medical condition of patients who received substantial cumulative effective dose (CED) in fluoroscopically guided interventional (FGI) procedures. We examined 25,253 patients (mean age, 58.2 years; 50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.19.22227DOI Listing
June 2020
2.731 Impact Factor

Injuries and physical characteristics affecting swimmer participation in the Olympics: A prospective survey.

Phys Ther Sport 2020 Jul 8;44:128-135. Epub 2020 May 8.

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15, Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan; Japan Swimming Federation Medical Committee, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: To identify injuries and physical characteristics affecting swimmers' performance.

Design: Prospective study.

Setting: Laboratory-based. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2020.05.001DOI Listing

Health problems in youth competitive alpine skiing: A 12-month observation of 155 athletes around the growth spurt.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2020 Jun 5. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Sports Medical Research Group, Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Alpine ski racing is known as a high-risk sport; however, little is known on the health problems occurring at youth level. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of health problems in youth competitive alpine skiers with respect to sex, age, and season differences, to describe their severity and location and to assess the influence of biological maturation. Over a 12-month period, 155 youth competitive alpine skiers around the growth spurt were prospectively monitored for health problems using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13740DOI Listing

Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release: Indications, Technique, and Outcomes.

Orthop Clin North Am 2020 Jul;51(3):361-368

The Hand Center of San Antonio, 21 Spurs Lane # 310, San Antonio, TX 78240, USA. Electronic address:

Carpal tunnel is the most common peripheral compressive neuropathy. Nonoperative management may provide temporary alleviation of symptoms, but in most cases surgical decompression is warranted. There are a multitude of approaches ranging from open release under general anesthesia to wide awake in-office endoscopic carpal tunnel release. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocl.2020.02.001DOI Listing

Etiologies of olfactory dysfunction in a pediatric population: based on a retrospective analysis of data from an outpatient clinic.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Smell and Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medizinische Fakultät Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Purpose: Although the prevalence of olfactory dysfunction in children is thought to be lower compared to adults, little is known about the actual frequency of etiologies of smell dysfunction in children. Aim of the study was (i) to describe the epidemiology of olfactory dysfunction in a pediatric population and (ii) to compare the distribution of etiologies to adults.

Material And Methods: Data of patients consulting a smell and taste clinic between 2000 and 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06087-4DOI Listing

Distance travelled by military recruits during basic training is a significant risk factor for lower limb overuse injury.

BMJ Mil Health 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Aerospace Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA

Introduction: Military initial training results in a high incidence of lower limb overuse injuries (stress fractures and medial tibial stress syndrome). This study aimed to determine whether the distance travelled by recruits, both on and off duty, was a risk factor for overuse injury.

Methods: 14 male airborne infantry recruits from three training platoons carried global positioning system receivers throughout the first 19 weeks of basic military training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjmilitary-2020-001445DOI Listing

Cumulative Psychological Trauma, Emotional Regulation, and Orthopedic Injury in a Sample of Pre-Professional and Professional Dancers and College Athletes.

Med Probl Perform Art 2020 Jun;35(2):89-95

Dep. of Kinesiology, California State University Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91330, USA. Tel 818-677-7575.

Objective: Strong evidence identifies cumulative trauma exposure and a history of childhood adversity as predictive factors for physical and psychological disorders. In this study, dancers and athletes were examined to determine the relationship among childhood adversity, cumulative trauma exposure, stress responses, and injuries (including the need for orthopedic surgery).

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 287 pre-professional and professional dancers (n=185) and college athletes (n=102) participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21091/mppa.2020.2014DOI Listing

Gradual-onset surfing-related injuries in New Zealand: A cross-sectional study.

J Sci Med Sport 2020 May 17. Epub 2020 May 17.

Osteopathy, Unitec Institute of Technology, New Zealand; School of Nursing, University of Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Objectives: Gradual-onset injuries associated with surfing have not previously been closely examined. This study investigated the duration, mechanisms, body locations and types of gradual-onset injuries in a sample of New Zealand surfers.

Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.05.010DOI Listing

Global emotion dysregulation and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies mediate the effects of severe trauma on depressive and positive symptoms in early non-affective psychosis.

Schizophr Res 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Psychological Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; Academic Development Department, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore.

Background: Previous research has shown that childhood trauma contributes to the onset and maintenance of psychosis. However, few studies have accounted for the effects of lifetime trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and none have examined the mediating role of emotion dysregulation in symptom maintenance after severe trauma. The purpose of this study is to determine whether maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) and global emotion dysregulation mediate the effects of probable PTSD on depressive symptoms, and whether this pathway extends to influence positive symptoms in patients with early non-affective psychotic disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2020.05.040DOI Listing

A systematic review of fasciotomy in chronic exertional compartment syndrome.

J Vasc Surg 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Academic Section of Vascular surgery, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital, Fulham Palace Road, Hammersmith, London, W6 8RF.

Background: Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is an overuse injury typically seen in young and athletic patients. The five cardinal symptoms are pain, tightness, cramping, weakness and paraesthesia. These classically occur during exertion and disappear with cessation of the activity, with no permanent damage to tissues within the compartment; nonetheless, CECS presents a significant functional impairment to those affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2020.05.030DOI Listing

Olecranon Stress Fracture.

Clin Sports Med 2020 Jul 16;39(3):575-588. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

University of Miami Sports Medicine Institute, 5555 Ponce De Leon Boulevard, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA.

Olecranon stress fractures are a rare upper extremity fracture that primarily affects throwing athletes. The incidence of olecranon stress fractures are increasing owing to the number of patients playing and the volume of engagement in competitive sports, especially in the pediatric population. However, olecranon stress fractures can present a challenge from a management and a rehabilitation perspective owing to their vague presentation, thereby affecting how these patients are diagnosed and managed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csm.2020.02.005DOI Listing

The Influence of Tobacco Use, Alcohol Consumption, and Weight Gain on Development of Secondary Musculoskeletal Injury after Lower Limb Amputation.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

DoD-VA Extremity Trauma & Amputation Center of Excellence, San Diego, CA; The Department of Physical and Occupational Therapy, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, CA.

Objective: To evaluate whether tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and weight gain are associated with the diagnosis of overuse musculoskeletal injuries within the first 12 months following lower limb amputation.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Military treatment facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.04.022DOI Listing

Risk of carpal tunnel syndrome after parathyroidectomy in patients with end-stage renal disease: A population-based cohort study in Taiwan.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(20):e20313

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences.

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common mononeuropathy in clinical practice. Some patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) often associate with tertiary hyperparathyroidism, and ultimately need parathyroidectomy (PTX). However, no studies have definitively demonstrated an effect of PTX on ESRD patients' quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7254828PMC

Variations in use of childbirth interventions in 13 high-income countries: A multinational cross-sectional study.

PLoS Med 2020 May 22;17(5):e1003103. Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Midwifery Science, AVAG, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, Amsterdam UMC, location VUmc, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Variations in intervention rates, without subsequent reductions in adverse outcomes, can indicate overuse. We studied variations in and associations between commonly used childbirth interventions and adverse outcomes, adjusted for population characteristics.

Methods And Findings: In this multinational cross-sectional study, existing data on 4,729,307 singleton births at ≥37 weeks in 2013 from Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Ireland, England, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany (Hesse), Malta, the United States, and Chile were used to describe variations in childbirth interventions and outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003103DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244098PMC

Training load characteristics and injury and illness risk identification in elite youth ski racing: A prospective study.

J Sport Health Sci 2020 May 16. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck 6020, Austria.

Background: The purpose was to investigate the role of training load characteristics and injury and illness risk in youth ski racing.

Methods: The training load characteristics as well as traumatic injuries, overuse injuries, and illnesses of 91 elite youth ski racers (age = 12.1 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2020.03.009DOI Listing

Opioid and Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Syndromes in Trauma ICU Patients: A Prospective Exploratory Study.

Crit Care Explor 2020 Apr 29;2(4):e0089. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

University of California, School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA.

Trauma ICU patients may require high and/or prolonged doses of opioids and/or benzodiazepines as part of their treatment. These medications may contribute to drug physical dependence, a response manifested by withdrawal syndrome. We aimed to identify risk factors, symptoms, and clinical variables associated with probable withdrawal syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCE.0000000000000089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7188437PMC

Tendon Morphology and Mechanical Properties Are Associated With the Recovery of Symptoms and Function in Patients With Achilles Tendinopathy.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Apr 30;8(4):2325967120917271. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA.

Background: Achilles tendinopathy is a debilitating overuse injury characterized by pain, altered Achilles tendon structure, and impaired functional performance. Evaluating tendon structure as part of the physical examination may help establish a well-defined prognosis. However, the usefulness of measuring tendon structure for developing a prognosis has been questioned since structural abnormalities can exist without symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967120917271DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218994PMC

Previous and current injury and not training and competition factors were associated with future injury prevalence across a season in adolescent elite athletes.

Physiother Theory Pract 2020 May 18:1-8. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Karolinska Institute , Huddinge, Sweden.

Introduction: Understanding the factors associated with different injury prevalence profiles in young athletes is needed for the design of tailored injury prevention programs.

Objectives: To explore the factors associated with different levels of injury prevalence in adolescent elite athletes.

Methods: A total of 389 adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19 years), participating in 16 different sports, were monitored repeatedly over 52 weeks using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center Overuse Injury Questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2020.1762266DOI Listing

Trigger Finger From Ocean Rowing: An Observational Study.

Hand (N Y) 2020 May 16:1558944720918321. Epub 2020 May 16.

Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Trigger finger has a prevalence of 2% to 3% in the general population. Although anecdotal evidence exists, there is a lack of conclusive data that prove a relationship between repetitive power grip and flexion with triggering. Ocean rowing is becoming a popular sport, with the race across the Atlantic alone attracting more than 100 participants annually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944720918321DOI Listing

Slow train coming: an anti-CCN2 strategy reverses a model of chronic overuse muscle fibrosis.

Authors:
Andrew Leask

J Cell Commun Signal 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

School of Dentistry, University of Saskatchewan, 105 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

One of the first targets proposed as an anti-fibrotic therapy was CCN2. Proof of its involvement in fibrosis was initially difficult, due to the lack of appropriate reagents and general understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for persistent fibrosis. As these issues have been progressively resolved over the last twenty-five years, it has become clear that CCN2 is a bone fide target for anti-fibrotic intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12079-020-00568-1DOI Listing

A prospective study of sport injuries in youth females.

Phys Ther Sport 2020 Jul 21;44:24-32. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, AUT University, 17 Antares Place, Mairangi Bay, Auckland, 0632, New Zealand; Centre for Sport Science and Human Performance, Waikato Institute of Technology, Tristram Street, Whitiora, Hamilton, 3200, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Objectives: To examine sports and physical education (PE) injury rates in youth females during a school year and to investigate if an association exists between injury and phase of the menstrual cycle.

Design: Prospective cohort.

Setting: An online questionnaire was used to record training and competition exposure and self-reported injuries for 30-weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2020.04.005DOI Listing

Sport specialization is associated with upper-extremity overuse injury in high school baseball players.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Health Science, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.

Background And Hypothesis: Sport specialization is increasingly common in youth sports and is a risk factor for lower-extremity overuse injuries. However, limited data exist on whether specialization is associated with upper-extremity (UE) overuse injuries, specifically in youth baseball players. We hypothesized that specialization in baseball and being a pitcher would be associated with poorer arm health and UE overuse injury history in the previous year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2020.01.092DOI Listing

Blocking CTGF/CCN2 reverses neural fibrosis and sensorimotor declines in a rat model of overuse-induced median mononeuropathy.

J Orthop Res 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Encapsulation of median nerves is a hallmark of overuse-induced median mononeuropathy and contributes to functional declines. We tested if an antibody against CTGF/CCN2 (termed FG-3019 or Pamrevlumab) reduces established neural fibrosis and sensorimotor declines in a clinically relevant rodent model of overuse in which median mononeuropathy develops. Young adult female rats performed a high repetition high force (HRHF) lever-pulling task for 18 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jor.24709DOI Listing
May 2020
2.986 Impact Factor

Musculoskeletal complaints, absenteeism and associated factors among cytotechnologists: cross-sectional study.

Rev Bras Med Trab 2019 15;17(3):363-369. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil.

Background: Cytotechnologists are laboratory professionals who analyze cytology slides under optical microscopes. Static postures, speed and repetitive movements are associated with occurrence of musculoskeletal complaints.

Objective: To establish the main musculoskeletal complaints among cytotechnologists at the National Cancer Institute, Brazil, test associations between absenteeism due to musculoskeletal complaints and individual and occupational variables, and characterize absenteeism related to diseases of the musculoskeletal system in 2016 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5327/Z1679443520190379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195893PMC

Technique for Arthroscopic Debridement and Microfracture of Unstable, Contained Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions of the Capitellum.

Arthrosc Tech 2020 Apr 24;9(4):e535-e539. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Mississippi Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.A.

Osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum is an overuse injury that occurs primarily in adolescent athletes that causes pain and motion loss and can lead to chronic dysfunction. When diagnosed in its early stages, most lesions can be treated conservatively and without long-term consequences. Many osteochondritis dissecans lesions, however, continue to cause progressive symptoms despite nonoperative measures or are too advanced at the time of initial clinical presentation to be effectively treated without surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2020.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189419PMC

Athlete availability and incidence of overuse injuries over an athletics season in a cohort of elite Swedish athletics athletes - a prospective study.

Inj Epidemiol 2020 May 4;7(1):16. Epub 2020 May 4.

Center for Health and Performance, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Box 300, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Athletics is a sport with a high incidence of injury, where most injuries are caused by overuse. Research on injury incidence and the occurrence of overuse injuries during a season in athletics is scarce. An athlete availability (unrestricted ability to participate in training or competition) of less than 80% has been linked with athletes being less likely to reach their performance goals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40621-020-00239-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197152PMC

Can kinematic and kinetic differences between planned and unplanned volleyball block jump-landings be associated with injury risk factors?

Gait Posture 2020 Jun 18;79:71-79. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Physical Education and Sport and IMUDS, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Carretera de Alfacar, s/n, Granada, 18011, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: Injury prevention programs for athletes are still limited by a lack of understanding of specific risk factors that can influence injuries within different sports. The majority of studies on volleyball have not considered the movement patterns when moving in different directions or in planned and unplanned block jump-landings.

Methods: This study investigated all planes mechanics between the lead and trail limb when moving in dominant and non-dominant directions, for both planned and unplanned jump-landings in thirteen semi-professional female volleyball players. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.04.005DOI Listing

Type I Interferon in Children with Viral or Bacterial Infections.

Clin Chem 2020 Jun;66(6):802-808

Pediatric Emergency Unit, Hôpital Femme Mère Enfants, Hospices Civils of Lyon, Lyon, France.

Background: Fever is one of the leading causes of consultation in the pediatric emergency department for patients under the age of 3 years. Distinguishing between bacterial and viral infections etiologies in febrile patients remains challenging. We hypothesized that specific host biomarkers for viral infections, such as type I-interferon (IFN), could help clinicians' decisions and limit antibiotic overuse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/clinchem/hvaa089DOI Listing

Modified decision-making rule supported by scheduled telephone follow-up reduces head computed tomography utilization in children with mild traumatic brain injury: A cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(18):e20088

Sichuan University West China Hospital, Sichuan, China.

Unnecessary computed tomography utilization is common in children with a mild traumatic head injury. It is valuable to find a reasonable strategy for the patient's management.The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of scheduled telephone follow-up on computed tomography utilization in children with a mild head injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020088DOI Listing
May 2020
5.723 Impact Factor

The Additive Effects of Cell Phone Use and Dental Hygiene Practice on Finger Muscle Strength: A Pilot Study.

J Dent Hyg 2020 Apr;94(2):45-53

The purpose of this study was to determine strength of muscles involved with instrumentation (scaling) by dental hygienists and the additive effects of cellular (mobile) phone usage, as indicated by measurements of muscular force generation. A convenience sample of licensed dental hygienists currently in clinical practice (n=16) and an equal number of individuals not currently using devices/tools repetitively for work (n=16), agreed to participate in this pilot study. All participants completed a modified cell phone usage questionnaire to determine their use pattern and frequency. Read More

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Carpal tunnel syndrome in acromegaly is also related to median nerve oedema.

Authors:
Philippe Chanson

BMJ 2020 04 30;369:m1701. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Service d'Endocrinologie et des Maladies de la Reproduction, Hôpital Bicêtre, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1701DOI Listing

Different Perceptions of Parents and Children on Factors Influencing Sport Specialization.

J Sport Rehabil 2020 Apr 25:1-8. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Context: Sport specialization among youth athletes has been associated with increased risk of overuse injuries. Previous research demonstrates that children perceive specialization to be beneficial in making their high school team and receiving athletic college scholarships. Previous research demonstrates that parents play a significant role in their child's sport experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2019-0357DOI Listing

Risk Factors for Upper Limb Injury in Tennis Players: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Apr 16;17(8). Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.

Studies in tennis injuries have successfully identified the incident rate, the location, and the type of the injury. The majority of the studies have multiple perspectives (epidemiology, biomechanics, performance), however only a few studies were able to identify risk factors or mechanisms that contribute to tennis injuries. Until now, there has not been a systematic literature review that identifies risk factors for tennis injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082744DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7215945PMC

The functional effect of 3D-printing individualized orthosis for patients with peripheral nerve injuries: Three case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(16):e19791

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Catholic Kwandong University International St Mary's Hospital, Incheon.

Rationale: In the medical field, the use of 3-dimensional (3D) printing is increasing explosively and it is especially widespread in the clinical application of fabricating orthosis. Advantages of 3D-printed orthosis compared to conventional ones include its lower cost, easier modification, and faster fabrication. The 3D-printing technique makes it possible for physicians to easily create individual-tailored products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019791DOI Listing

Neuropsychiatric feature profiles of patients with Lewy body dementia.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2020 Jul 8;194:105832. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: Differential diagnosis between Parkinson's disease (PD) dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is difficult due to common features, whereas management decisions and research endpoints depend upon knowledge of dementia severity. We aimed to assess risk factors for age at dementia onset, as well as which neuropsychiatric features are associated with pharmacotherapy and signs and symptoms of Lewy body dementia.

Patients And Methods: Patients with PD dementia or DLB were evaluated for age at disease onset, education, sanitation, anthropometric measures, alcohol use, smoking, history of infections or head trauma with unconsciousness, family history of neurodegenerative diseases, functional independence, cognition, behavior, motor features, caregiver burden and pharmacotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2020.105832DOI Listing

A cross-sectional study on foot loading patterns in elite soccer players of different ages.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2020 Apr 7. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Division of Orthopedic Rheumatology, Department of Orthopedic, Surgery Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Alterations in plantar loading patterns are risk factors for stress injuries of the lower limb, particularly of the foot and ankle. Epidemiological studies have revealed a higher incidence of soccer-related stress fractures of the fifth metatarsal (MT V) in younger athletes than in their adult counterparts.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the plantar pressure distributions of members of four high-level soccer teams of different age groups to identify age-related differences in loading patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BMR-181436DOI Listing