25,760 results match your criteria Ovarian Cysts


The application of transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site surgery with a self-made port to remove giant ovarian cysts.

Asian J Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, Xining, 810001, Qinghai province, China.

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Hydatid cyst of the ovary - a very rare type of cystic ovarian lesion: A case report.

Case Rep Womens Health 2021 Jul 28;31:e00330. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Background: Hydatid disease is a zoonotic condition caused by the adult or the larval stages of tapeworms belonging to the species or less commonly . The presentation depends on the site of involvement. Many cases are not symptomatic and may be discovered accidentally. Read More

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Association of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme gene polymorphism in Pakistani women with the atypical steroidogenesis in Polycystic ovarian syndrome: A case-control study.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jun 14;28(6):3483-3489. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: Polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE) is responsible for elevated ACE concentrations in plasma. High ACE levels induce insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism, which are the main attributes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Therefore, it was hypothesized that I/D polymorphism plays a role in the pathogenesis of PCOS. Read More

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Early Predictors of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in IVF-Conceived Pregnancies.

Endocr Pract 2021 Jun 17;27(6):579-585. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Division of Biomedical Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Clinical Sciences Research Laboratories, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry, CV2 2DX, United Kingdom.

Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. This study aimed to identify early and reliable GDM predictors that would enable implementation of preventive and management measures.

Methods: The participants were a 28-week prospective cohort of in vitro fertilization (IVF)-conceived pregnant women (≤39 years, body mass index [BMI] 18. Read More

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The expression of platelet-derived growth factor, epidermal growth factor, and insulin-like growth factor-II in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and its correlation with pregnancy outcomes.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 May;10(5):5671-5678

Department of Gynecology, the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and metabolic disorder with complex pathogenesis. This study aimed to analyze the expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) in patients with PCOS and its correlation with pregnancy outcomes.

Methods: A total of 104 PCOS patients admitted to the Cangzhou Central Hospital from January 2015 to February 2018 were selected as the PCOS group, and 92 healthy pregnant women who received health examinations in the hospital during the same period were selected as the control group. Read More

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Kymographic characteristics of voice in women with Polycystic ovary syndrome.

Codas 2021 4;33(5):e20200128. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore (Karnataka), India; Manipal Academy of Higher Education - Manipal (Karnataka), India.

Purpose: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is heterogenous condition with commonly associated symptoms include irregular menstrual cycle, hirsutism, baldness, adult acne, and weight gain There have been few attempts at profiling the voice characteristics of women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Videokymography enables to detect even subtle variationsin vocal fold vibrations. The aim of the present study was to study the videokymographic characteristics among women with PCOS. Read More

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Body image concerns in individuals diagnosed with benign gynaecological conditions: scoping review and meta-synthesis.

Health Psychol Behav Med 2021 May 15;9(1):456-479. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Psychology, Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Benign gynaecological conditions (BCGs) and body image-related concerns are commonly experienced by reproductive-aged female-identified individuals. Qualitative evidence from cancer populations identifies a link between diseases of the sexual organs and body image distress encompassing appearance, sensory and functional aspects. Most BCGs and the impacts on body image have been studied separately. Read More

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The relationship between vitamin D and insulin in polycystic ovary syndrome - a critical review.

J Physiol Pharmacol 2021 Feb 3;72(1). Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Endocrinology, Institute of Zoology and Biomedical Research, Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Cracow, Poland.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age. It is characterized by hormonal, reproductive and metabolic disturbances, including hyperandrogenism, altered gonadotropin level, ovarian cysts and ovulatory dysfunction as well as insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia. It was shown that increased insulin concentration is a plausible factor in the pathogenesis of PCOS. Read More

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February 2021

Immature teratoma with associated gliomatosis peritonei: image and brief review of literature.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 Jun;31(6):940-941

Department of Pathology, Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island, USA

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Effect of Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy on Ovarian Reserve in Benign Ovarian Cysts.

J Hum Reprod Sci 2021 Jan-Mar;14(1):56-60. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Biochemistry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Background: Laparoscopic cystectomy is one of the common modes of treatment for benign ovarian cysts. The data related to the effect of cystectomy on ovarian reserve are limited.

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy on anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in benign ovarian cysts. Read More

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Daughter cyst sign in the congenital ovarian cyst.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 2;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Radiodiagnosis, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Validation of magnetic resonance relaxometry R2 value and cyst fluid iron level for diagnosis of ovarian endometrioma.

Redox Rep 2021 Dec;26(1):105-110

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.

Objectives: Magnetic resonance (MR) R2 relaxometry is a safe, noninvasive diagnostic modality for the evaluation of iron levels in the contents of ovarian cysts. The study aims to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of the two methods, R2 value and iron level, in diagnosing OMA patients in the validation set.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted from 2013 to 2019. Read More

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December 2021

Acquired Evolution of Mitochondrial Metabolism Regulated by HNF1B in Ovarian Clear Cell Carcinoma.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 17;13(10). Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.

Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the ovary exhibits a unique morphology and clinically malignant behavior. The eosinophilic cytoplasm includes abundant glycogen. Although the growth is slow, the prognosis is poor owing to resistance to conventional chemotherapies. Read More

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Clinical and Pathological Significance of Cellular Atypia in Endometriosis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 7;57(5). Epub 2021 May 7.

Departament of Obstretics and Gynecology, University of Medicine and Pharmacies, Science and Technology George Emil Palade, 540139 Tîrgu Mureș, Romania.

: To highlight the most frequent localization of ovarian endometriosis, the presence of atypical endometriosis, and recurrences. Retrospective review of 259 patients diagnosed with ovarian endometriosis treated at Tîrgu-Mures Emergency County Hospital, Obstetric Gynecology Clinic, between January 2014 and December 2018. : Data were collected and analyzed for demographics, size of ovarian endometriotic cyst, and recurrences. Read More

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Diagnostic Dilemma of Retroperitoneal Schwannomas Encountered in a Specialized Gynecology Hospital.

J Invest Surg 2021 Jun 1:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: This study analyzed the potential diagnosis and therapeutic challenges of retroperitoneal schwannoma (RSs) in a specialized gynecology hospital.

Methods And Materials: A retrospective review was performed in our hospital from 2000 to 2018. A literature search of RSs was conducted using PubMed database. Read More

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Alterations of Serum Metabolites and Fecal Microbiota Involved in Ewe Follicular Cyst.

Front Microbiol 2021 12;12:675480. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Public Health, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

While the interactions of the gut microbiome and blood metabolome have been widely studied in polycystic ovary disease in women, follicular cysts of ewes have been scarcely investigated using these methods. In this study, the fecal microbiome and serum metabolome were used to compare between ewes diagnosed with ovarian cystic follicles and ewes with normal follicles, to investigate alterations of the fecal bacterial community composition and metabolic parameters in relation to follicular cystogenesis. Ewes from the same feeding and management system were diagnosed with a follicular cyst ( = 6) or confirmed to have normal follicles ( = 6) by using a B-mode ultrasound scanner. Read More

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Incidental Ovarian and Uterine Findings on Cross-sectional Imaging.

Radiol Clin North Am 2021 Jul;59(4):661-692

Department of Radiology, University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 357115, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

Incidental adnexal masses and uterine findings occur with a high frequency on cross-sectional imaging examinations, particularly in postmenopausal women in whom imaging is performed for a different reason. These incidentalomas encompass a gamut of potential pelvic gynecologic disorders. Most are benign ovarian cysts; however, other less commonly encountered disorders and improperly positioned gynecologic devices may be seen. Read More

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Fertility in McCune Albright syndrome female: A case study focusing on AMH as a marker of ovarian dysfunction and a literature review.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 May 25;50(9):102171. Epub 2021 May 25.

INSERM U1256, Université de Lorraine, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France; Department of Pathology, CHRU de Nancy, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France.

Background: The molecular basis of McCune Albright syndrome (MAS) is a recurrent GNAS Postzygotic gain of function sporadic mutation, resulting in a mosaic disease. Most of girls present precocious puberty, caused by the development of recurrent ovarian cysts with autonomous Hyperestrogenic stimulation. After menarche, the majority of patients with ovarian GNAS mutation have menstrual disturbances and infertility. Read More

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Predictors of pregnancy after intrauterine insemination in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211018600

Clinical Centre of Reproductive Medicine, Lianyungang Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of body mass index (BMI) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) with intrauterine insemination (IUI).

Methods: This retrospective study evaluated couples with PCOS undergoing COS and IUI. The relationship between cumulative IUI pregnancy outcomes and BMI, treatment cycles, treatment schemes, number of dominant follicles, endometrial thickness, infertility duration and type of infertility was analysed. Read More

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Differential diagnosis of adipocytic differentiation in androgen-secreting mature ovarian teratoma with Leydig cell hyperplasia.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2021 May 8;36:100786. Epub 2021 May 8.

Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, UK.

Mature cystic teratomas (dermoid cysts) of the ovary are very rarely associated with androgen production. The source of androgens in these cysts may be tumours such as Sertoli-Leydig cell tumour or Leydig cell hyperplasia. In this study, we present a case of virilisation in a postmenopausal female patient, where Leydig cell hyperplasia in a mature cystic teratoma was found to be responsible for the production of testosterone. Read More

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Extraovarian primary seromucinous cystadenoma masquerading as mesenteric cyst.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 25;14(5). Epub 2021 May 25.

General Surgery, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

We report an interesting case of extraovarian, primary seromucinous cystadenoma, which presented as a mesenteric cyst. A 31-year-old woman came with complaints of lower abdominal pain for 2 years, which is intermittent and aggravated during the menstrual cycle. On examination, her vitals were within normal limits; per abdominal examination revealed 7×7 cm mass in the right lumbar and right hypochondrium with well-defined margins. Read More

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Therapeutic effects of puerarin on polycystic ovary syndrome: A randomized trial in Chinese women.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e26049

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yuebei People's Hospital, Shaoguan, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: This study aims to assess the therapeutic effects of a well-known component (puerarin) obtained from a Chinese herb root in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Methods: Women with premature ovarian failure (POF) were assigned to the obese group (body mass index [BMI] ≥24 kg/m2 and waist hip ratio [WHR] >0.85) or non-obese group (group 3, n = 21). Read More

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Primordial Follicle Formation - Some Assembly Required.

Curr Opin Endocr Metab Res 2021 Jun 20;18:118-127. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Biology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

Formation of primordial follicles occurs when germ cell nests break apart and individual oocytes become surrounded by pregranulosa cells. Why mammalian germ cells develop in germ cell nests is not fully understood but recent work has provided evidence that some oocytes serve as nurse cells supporting other oocytes in the cyst. Headway has also been made in understanding interactions that occur between cyst cells that must change as individual oocytes separate to associate with pregranulosa cells. Read More

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Endocrinological and metabolic characteristics in patients who are non-obese and have polycystic ovary syndrome and different types of a family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211016672

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: We aimed to investigate whether patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and a family history (FH) of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at increased risk of endocrinological and metabolic abnormalities, and whether this risk differs between first-degree and second-degree relatives, and between maternal and paternal transmission.

Methods: A total of 680 patients with PCOS were enrolled in this retrospective, single-center study. Endocrine and glycolipid metabolism parameters were compared. Read More

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Current possibilities in the prevention and therapy of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

Ceska Gynekol 2021 ;86(2):124-127

Objective: To present current possibilities of the prevention and therapy of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).

Methods: Literature and guidelines were researched.

Results: From the view of safety and prevention of OHSS, antagonistic protocol is suitable. Read More

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Long noncoding RNAs as a piece of polycystic ovary syndrome puzzle.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Apr 15;48(4):3845-3851. Epub 2021 May 15.

Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder and affects 5-10% of reproductive-age women. Chronic anovulation, polycystic ovaries, and hyperandrogenism are the important features of this syndrome. Furthermore, hyperinsulinemia and central obesity are frequent in PCOS women. Read More

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Effect of combined contraceptive pill on immune cell of ovarian endometriotic tissue.

J Ovarian Res 2021 May 12;14(1):66. Epub 2021 May 12.

Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 10400, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Dysregulation of immune response is associated with development of endometriosis. The study aim was to evaluate effect of combined oral contraceptive pills (COCs) consisting of ethinyl estradiol (EE) and desogestrel on the expression of macrophage, natural killer cells, and regulatory T cells of ovarian endometriotic cysts.

Methods: Endometriotic cyst wall tissues were collected from women with endometriosis who were treated (n = 22) with COCs (one table per day of EE 0. Read More

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Homeopathic Treatment in Patients with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A Case Series.

Homeopathy 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Dr. Anjali Chatterjee Regional Research Institute for Homoeopathy, Kolkata, West Bengal. Under CCRH, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt. of India, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background And Objectives:  Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common heterogeneous endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. It is characterized by various clinical presentations such as ovulatory dysfunction, polycystic ovaries, and hyperandrogenism. Considering the side effects associated with conventional treatment and the patients who fail to respond to these measures, there is a demand for a complementary therapy that would alleviate symptoms of PCOS without side effects. Read More

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Surgical management of endometriosis-associated pain.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Latifa Hospital, Dubai, Unated Arab Emirates.

Endometriosis and pelvic pain are associated. However, only half of the subtle and typical, and not all cystic and deep lesions are painful. The mechanism of the pain is explained by cyclical trauma and repair, an inflammatory reaction, activation of nociceptors up to 2. Read More

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Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm in pregnant women with previous pelvic endometriosis.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Second Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Motol, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (UAP) is a rare complication during pregnancy that can cause serious consequences in both the pregnant woman and the fetus. Herein, we have described the cases of two pregnant women with UAP. Both patients had a history of laparoscopy for management of endometrioid ovarian cysts. Read More

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