34,743 results match your criteria Otitis Media


Staphylococcus aureus from ocular and otolaryngology infections are frequently resistant to clinically important antibiotics and are associated with lineages of community and hospital origins.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208518. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Infectious Diseases Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Staphylococcus aureus is an important human pathogen that causes serious antibiotic-resistant infections. Its population structure is marked by the appearance and dissemination of successful lineages across different settings. To begin understanding the population structure of S. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Decreased Aquaporin 4 and 6 mRNAs in Patients With Chronic Otitis Media With Otorrhea.

Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Medical Science Research Institute, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral membrane proteins engaged in the modulation of water homeostasis, but the roles they play in chronic otitis media (COM) have not been well investigated. Accordingly, we undertook document relations between the mRNA expressions of AQPs and COM, and explored the relation between these expressions and otorrhea, which is one of the most common symptoms of COM.

Methods: Levels of the mRNAs of AQP 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 were assayed by real-time polymerase chain reaction in inflammatory tissue samples from 81 patients with COM with or without otorrhea. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Oral steroids for persistent otitis media with effusion.

Authors:
David Isaacs

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Dec;54(12):1399-1400

Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney.

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December 2018

Additive value of Technetium methylene diphosphonate hybrid single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography in the diagnosis of skull base osteomyelitis in otitis externa patients compared to planar bone scintigraphy.

World J Nucl Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):286-292

Department of Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the additive value of technetium methylene diphosphonate (Tc-MDP) hybrid single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT-CT) in the diagnosis of skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) compared to planar bone scintigraphy (PBS). This was a single institution; prospective study included 23 patients with otitis externa, clinically suspected of SBO, all of them were diabetic. Three-phase bone scintigraphy and SPECT/CT were performed to all patients. Read More

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December 2018

Cefixime-associated acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis: Rare cases in India.

Indian J Pharmacol 2018 Jul-Aug;50(4):204-207

Department of Pharmacology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Cefixime is a widely used third-generation cephalosporin schedule H1 drug, which is prescribed for the treatment of otitis media, respiratory tract infections, and uncomplicated urinary tract infections and is effective against infections caused by and species in India. The National Coordination Centre (NCC)-Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI), Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC), has received rare individual case safety reports (ICSRs) for acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) associated with the use of cefixime.

Materials And Methods: IPC, NCC-PvPI also acts as a national collaborating center for pharmacovigilance activities under the aegis of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India; moreover, it is a member country in global pharmacovigilance system, World Health Organization-Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Sweden. Read More

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December 2018
0.679 Impact Factor

Cofactors of Pediatric Tinnitus: A Look at the Whole Picture.

Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2018 Dec 3:9922818816426. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

6 Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Retrospective chart review of 248 children (1-19 years old) with tinnitus who presented to a tertiary pediatric hospital between 2006 and 2011, looking at which cofactors are predictors of pediatric tinnitus. In our review, we extracted demographics, symptoms, historical data, imaging, and laboratory results; we compared with the general population. Eighty-seven percent had normal hearing. Read More

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December 2018

Etiology of Childhood Otorrhea in Luanda, Angola, and a Review of Otitis Media in African Children.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: In resource-poor settings, otorrhea causes a significant burden of disease in children. Etiologic studies and structured data on otorrhea and chronic otitis media among African children remain scarce.

Methods: Here, we reviewed 678 bacteriologically analyzed otorrhea samples from Luanda Children's Hospital from children ≤15 years of age between 2008 and 2015. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Actinomycosis of the Middle Ear and Mastoid.

Med Arch 2018 Oct;72(4):295-296

Saudi Board of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Fahad General Hospital -ALMusaedeah Center, Jeddah-Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Actinomycosis is a saprophytic infection caused by actinomycetes. Actinomycetes is a gram positive, anaerobic, non acid-fast, filamentous bacterium. Although actinomyce is considered as a part of the normal flora, it is rarely seen in middle ear and mastoid cavity. Read More

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October 2018

Nasal balloon autoinflation for glue ear in primary care: a qualitative interview study.

Br J Gen Pract 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Primary Care and Population Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton.

Background: Nasal balloon autoinflation is an effective, non-surgical treatment for symptomatic children with glue ear, although uptake is variable and evidence about acceptability and feasibility is limited.

Aim: To explore parent and healthcare professional views and experiences of nasal balloon autoinflation for children with glue ear in primary care.

Design And Setting: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with a maximum-variety sample of parents, GPs, and practice nurses. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Studying PCV impact on clinical presentation of otitis media helps to understand its pathogenesis.

Vaccine 2019 Jan 26;37(1):1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Electronic address:

Background: Complex otitis media (OM) may present with intact tympanic membrane or spontaneous otorrhea. We compared dynamics of intact tympanic membrane and spontaneous otorrhea OM following 7- and 13-valent conjugated vaccines (PCV7, PCV13) implementation, since differences in dynamics may imply different underlying mechanisms.

Methods: A prospective, population-based, active surveillance. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Remarks on Otitis.

Authors:
George F Lehman

Lond Med Phys J 1830 Apr;8(46):291-299

Lazaretto Physician of the Port of Philadelphia.

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A Case Series of Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis Primarily Diagnosed by Otological Manifestations.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Nov 28:3489418815517. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA.

Objective:: To describe a case series of previously undiagnosed granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) patients who presented primarily with otological manifestations.

Method:: We report a series of patients visited at a neurotology clinic who were eventually diagnosed with GPA based on their otologic complaints and had no prior knowledge of having this condition.

Results:: In this series, 10 (91%) patients presented with hearing loss (HL), more than half of which were bilateral (60%). Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Cartilage tympanoplasty combined with eustachian tube balloon dilatation in the treatment of adhesive otitis media.

Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery , Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, and Institute of Hearing and Speech-Language Science, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Objectives/hypothesis: To investigate the simultaneous application of cartilage tympanoplasty combined with eustachian tube (ET) balloon dilatation in the treatment of adhesive otitis media (AdOM).

Study Design: Multicenter, prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial.

Methods: Patients with AdOM were randomly divided into four groups: control group (conservative treatment), ET balloon dilatation (ETBD) group, cartilage tympanoplasty (CT) group, and cartilage tympanoplasty combined with ET balloon dilatation (ETBD+CT) group. Read More

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November 2018

Incidence and risk factors of new-onset hypertrophic pachymeningitis in patients with anti-neutrophil antibody-associated vasculitis: using logistic regression and classification tree analysis.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Nephrology Center, Toranomon Hospital, 2-2-2, Toranomon, Minatoku, 105-8470, Japan.

Objectives: Hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) is a rare complication in patients with anti-neutrophil antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV); its clinical features, incidence, and risk factors remain unknown. We aimed to clarify the prevalence, clinical features, and factors associated with new-onset HP in patients with AAV.

Method: A retrospective cohort study involving 93 patients with AAV was conducted. Read More

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November 2018

Isolation of multidrug-resistant Haemophilus influenzae harbouring multiple exogenous genes from a patient diagnosed with acute sinusitis.

J Infect Chemother 2018 Oct 25. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Microbiology, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Japan. Electronic address:

In paediatric patients, β-lactams and macrolides are widely used to treat acute otitis media and sinusitis, which are often caused by either Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae. However, resistant isolates have emerged and are becoming more prevalent. H. Read More

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October 2018

Clinical outcome of revision cartilage tympanoplasty.

Ear Nose Throat J 2018 Oct-Nov;97(10-11):349-361

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

We retrospectively reviewed 32 ears from 30 adult patients with chronic otitis media who underwent revision tympanoplasty using cartilage graft (performed by a single surgeon) from January 10, 2011, to May 10, 2016. All procedures were performed using an endaural incision for both temporalis fascia graft and tragal cartilage graft harvesting. The overall surgical success rate was 93. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Tympanometric Patterns of Children with Allergic Rhinitis Treated at a Tertiary Health Institution.

OTO Open 2017 Oct-Dec;1(4):2473974X17742648. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University College Hospital and College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) and compare patterns of tympanogram between children with and without allergic rhinitis in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Study Design: A case-control study of children (2-7 years) with AR from May 2015 to March 2016.

Setting: Tertiary hospital. Read More

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November 2017
1 Read

Comment to Empirical Therapy for Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media.

Clin Med Insights Ear Nose Throat 2018 4;11:1179550618810226. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Medical Graduate, Liaquat National Hospital & Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan.

Chronic suppurative otitis media is an inflammatory condition characterized by disruption of tympanic membrane and aural discharge. It is one of the most incidental conditions in head and neck. There has been a substantial debate about the therapeutic approach for some decades now. Read More

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November 2018

Clinical Utility of Intraoperative Tympanomastoidectomy Assessment Using a Surgical Microscope Integrated with an Optical Coherence Tomography.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 27;8(1):17432. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

School of Electronics Engineering, College of IT Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 80 Daehak-ro, Buk-gu, Daegu, 41566, Republic of Korea.

Significant technical and optical advances are required for intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) to be utilized during otological surgeries. Integrating OCT with surgical microscopy makes it possible to evaluate soft tissue in real-time and at a high resolution. Herein, we describe an augmented-reality, intraoperative OCT/microscope system with an extended working distance of 280 mm, providing more space for surgical manipulation than conventional techniques. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Inflammation of the Temporal Bone.

Neuroimaging Clin N Am 2019 Feb 29;29(1):1-17. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Radiology, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester University, Infirmary Square, Leicester LE1 5WW, UK.

Temporal bone and ear structure inflammation is commonly due to infection. It can be associated with a variety of complications and postinflammatory sequelae. Where the ear is easily inspected, clinical evaluation suffices. Read More

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February 2019
3 Reads

Congenital Cholesteatoma in Adults-Interesting Presentations and Management.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 13;70(4):578-582. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Christian Medical College, Vellore, 632004 India.

To report a series of adult patients diagnosed with congenital cholesteatoma (CC) with respect to symptoms, different varieties of presentation, surgical findings and approach used, complications and the postoperative results. A retrospective chart review of adult cases of CC who were treated in the period from January 2014-2017 was carried out in a tertiary care center. Levenson's criteria were used for diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Role of Surgical Debridement in Cases of Refractory Malignant Otitis Externa.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 18;70(4):549-554. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Health Sciences and Research Amritsar, 27-C; Sant Avenue, The Mall, Amritsar, 143001 India.

Malignant Otitis externa is a necrotizing condition of external ear involving causing the osteomyelitis of the bone and surrounding soft tissue leading to multiple cranial nerve palsies. Though most patients respond to oral ciprofloxacin but due to emerging resistance cases of refractory malignant otitis externa which are unresponsive to antibiotic therapy for at least 6 weeks are being encountered lately. A study of 20 patients of refractory malignant otitis Externa was conducted at a tertiary care centre in north India; 10 patients were randomly allotted in group A and group B each. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Aural Polyp is not Always Due to Chronic Otitis Media (COM): Preoperative Computed Tomographic Scan is Good Pointer for Sinister Lesions.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 30;70(4):505-509. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Pt. B.D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana India.

Twenty five patients of aural polyp who underwent canal wall down mastoidectomy were analysed retrospectively. Histopathological examination revealed cholesteatoma in 22 (88%) patients. However, histopathological diagnosis in 3 of these patients was unusual and rare benign tumors of the middle ear cleft-meningioma, neurilemmoma and capillary hemangioma. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Comparison of a Smartphone Otoscope and Conventional Otoscope in the Diagnosis and Management of Acute Otitis Media.

Clin Pediatr (Phila) 2018 Nov 21:9922818812480. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

1 Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Acute otitis media (AOM) is a leading cause of health encounters and antimicrobial prescriptions in children worldwide. We assessed (1) the rates of antimicrobial prescribing by pediatric emergency department clinicians using a smartphone otoscope device as compared with a conventional otoscope and (2) clinician acceptability of the smartphone device. We conducted a randomized control study in children's hospital emergency departments over 6 months. Read More

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November 2018

Characteristics of Intracranial Group A Streptococcal Infections in US Children, 1997-2014.

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Respiratory Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Few data on intracranial group A Streptococcus (GAS) infection in children are available. Here, we describe the demographic, clinical, and diagnostic characteristics of 91 children with intracranial GAS infection.

Methods: Cases of intracranial GAS infection in persons ≤18 years of age reported between 1997 and 2014 were identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's population- and laboratory-based Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) system. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Vaccines for Preventing Influenza in Healthy Individuals.

Authors:
Sally Liang

Acad Emerg Med 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Emergency Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center/Kings County Hospital Center.

Influenza is an acute respiratory infection that imposes a heavy burden on society. The illness itself usually lasts a few days but the residual symptoms of cough and malaise can last for weeks. In addition, it can cause complications such as otitis media, pneumonia, secondary bacterial pneumonia, exacerbations of chronic respiratory disease, bronchiolitis, febrile seizures, Reye's syndrome, and myocarditis. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

A Comprehensive Review of Skull Base Osteomyelitis: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges among Various Presentations.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):959-970

Department of Neurology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) is a complex and fatal clinical entity that is often misdiagnosed for malignancy. SBO is commonly a direct complication of otogenic, sinogenic, odontogenic, and rhinogenic infections and can present as central, atypical, or pediatric clival SBO. This review describes the clinical profile, investigational approach, and management techniques for these variants. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Outcome of Graft Uptake and Hearing Results between 'U' Flap Technique and Conventional Tympanomeatal Flap Technique for Anterior and Subtotal Tympanic Membrane Perforation.

J Nepal Health Res Counc 2018 Oct 30;16(3):297-301. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of ENT- Head and Neck Surgery, Norvic International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Myringoplasty done for anterior and subtotal perforation needs expertise and practice than conventional underlay myringoplasty. The objective of this study was to compare the graft uptake and postoperative hearing results between 'U' flap and conventional tympanomeatal flap technique in anterior and subtotal tympanic membrane perforation.

Methods: Sixty three patients of age fifteen years and above with chronic otitis media mucosal type with any sized anterior and subtotal perforation of tympanic membrane were randomly allocated for myringoplasty by lottery method. Read More

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October 2018
14 Reads

Infections of the Ear.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 Feb;37(1):1-9

Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaiser Permanente, 4647 Zion Avenue, San Diego, CA 92120, USA. Electronic address:

Infections of the ear are a common presentation to an acute care environment. In this article, the authors aim to summarize the most common presentations, and diagnostic and treatment options for typical infections of the ear. This article is geared toward the emergency physician, urgent care provider, and primary care provider who will likely be the initial evaluating and treating provider to assist them in determining what treatment modalities can be managed in a clinic and what needs to be referred for admission or specialty consultation. Read More

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February 2019
3 Reads

[A case report of papilloma of the eustachian tube with secretory otitis media].

Authors:
J Yang S Q Zhao

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;53(11):851-852

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.

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November 2018
1 Read

Purification of a Conjugated Polysaccharide Vaccine using Tangential Flow Diafiltration.

Biotechnol Bioeng 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Department of Chemical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.

Conjugated vaccines prepared from the capsular polysaccharide of Streptococcus pneumoniae can provide immunization against invasive pneumococcal disease, meningitis, and otitis media. One of the critical steps in the production of these vaccines is the removal of free (unreacted) polysaccharides from the protein-polysaccharide conjugate. Experimental studies were performed to evaluate the effects of membrane pore size, filtrate flux, and solution conditions on the transmission of both the conjugate and free polysaccharide through different ultrafiltration membranes. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Necrotizing Otitis Externa.

Intern Med 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Luke's International Hospital, Japan.

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November 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of fluralaner plus moxidectin (Bravecto® Plus spot-on solution for cats) against Otodectes cynotis infestations in cats.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Nov 19;11(1):595. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

MSD Animal Health Innovation GmbH, Research Antiparasitics, Zur Propstei, 55270, Schwabenheim, Germany.

Background: The efficacy of the fixed combination of fluralaner plus moxidectin for the treatment of Otodectes cynotis infestations was evaluated in cats after topical application.

Methods: Sixteen cats experimentally infested with O. cynotis were allocated randomly to two groups of 8 cats each. Read More

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November 2018

Syk and JNK signaling pathways are involved in inflammasome activation in macrophages infected with Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 Dec 14;507(1-4):217-222. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, China. Electronic address:

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a pathogen of significant clinical importance worldwide that can cause severe invasive diseases, such as pneumonia, otitis media and meningitis. Inflammsomes has been reported to participate in host defense against S. pneumoniae infection. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

National quality evaluation of peri-surgical hearing care for pediatric otitis media with effusion.

Int J Qual Health Care 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Otolaryngology, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common disease among children that can lead to grave sequelae with respect to hearing. Thus, when treating OME, appropriate hearing care should be provided; ventilation tube insertion (VTI), a standard approach for treating OME, is no exception. This study examined hearing care for VTI and its associated factors, especially at the national level. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Sudden Severe Unilateral Vestibulo-Cochlear Loss Due to Acute Staphylococcal Otitis Media.

Otol Neurotol 2018 Dec;39(10):e1168-e1170

Neurology Department, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

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December 2018
2 Reads

ENT and mucopolysaccharidoses.

Ital J Pediatr 2018 Nov 16;44(Suppl 2):127. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

ENT Department, V. Fazzi Hospital, Lecce, Italy.

The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a heterogeneous group of inherited metabolic disorders, each associated with a deficiency in one of the enzymes involved in glycosaminoglycan (GAG) catabolism. Over time, GAGs accumulate in cells and tissues causing progressive damage, a variety of multi-organ clinical manifestations, and premature death. Ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders affect more than 90% of MPS patients and appear in the early stage of MPS; also reported are recurrent otitis media and persistent otitis media with effusion, macroglossia, adenotonsillar hypertrophy, nasal obstruction, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), hearing loss, and progressive respiratory disorders. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

The TRIP database showed most Acute Respiratory Infections questions were already addressed by Cochrane reviews.

J Clin Epidemiol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Centre for Research in Evidence-Based Practice, Bond University, Robina, 4226, Australia.

Objective: Cochrane systematic reviews require more methodological support from Cochrane Review Groups (CRGs) than is customary in journals, CRGs must prioritise reviews to conserve resources. The TRIP database provided a dataset of questions to guide prioritization for the Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) CRG.

Study Design And Setting: We extracted the ARI searches from the TRIP database (2010 to 2017) that contained at least one disease and one clinical management term, (defined as a 'search'), and tabulated these by frequency. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

What are the most common conditions in primary care? Systematic review.

Can Fam Physician 2018 Nov;64(11):832-840

Professor of Evidence-Based Medicine in the Department of Family Medicine, at the University of Alberta in Edmonton.

Objective: To identify the most commonly presenting conditions in primary care globally, and to compare common reasons for visits (RFVs) as reported by clinicians and patients, as well as among countries of different economic classifications.

Data Sources: Twelve scientific databases were searched up to January 2016, and a dual independent review was performed to select primary care studies.

Study Selection: Studies were included if they contained 20 000 visits or more (or equivalent volume by patient-clinician interactions) and listed 10 or more RFVs. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Eurasian Tunnel Project: the first saturation dives during compressed-air work in Turkey.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2018 Sep-Oct;45:489-494

Department of Underwater and Hyperbaric Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

The Eurasian Tunnel is a 5.64-km crossroad tunnel that connects Europe and Asia. Located under the seabed for the first time, 3. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Correlation between cognitive functions and central auditory processing in adolescents with non-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media.

Dement Neuropsychol 2018 Jul-Sep;12(3):314-320

Otorhinolaryngologist, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Auditory deprivation associated with early otitis media with effusion has been considered a risk factor for central auditory processing (CAP), as well as for the development of a number of cognitive functions.

Objective: To study the neuropsychological functions of attention, working memory and executive function in adolescents with and without non-cholesteatomatous chronic otitis media (NCCOM) and analyze their interrelationships with the behavioral evaluation of CAP.

Methods: Sixty-eight adolescents were recruited, 34 were diagnosed with NCCOM (study group - SG), and 34 had no otological history (control group - CG). Read More

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November 2018

Eustachian Tube Dysfunction and Wideband Absorbance Measurements at Tympanometric Peak Pressure and 0 daPa.

J Am Acad Audiol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of ENT, The Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Australia.

Background: Although wideband absorbance (WBA) provides important information about middle ear function, there is limited research on the use of WBA to evaluate eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). To date, WBA obtained under pressurized condition has not been used to evaluate ETD.

Purpose: The objective of the study was to compare WBA at 0 daPa and tympanometric peak pressure (TPP) conditions in healthy ears and ears with ETD. Read More

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November 2018

Facial canal dehiscence rate: a retrospective analysis of 372 chronic otitis media cases.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the rate and location of facial canal dehiscence (FCD) observed during surgery for chronic otitis media (COM) with or without cholesteatoma.

Material And Method: Operative details of 1296 patients who underwent chronic otitis media surgery from January 2000 to January 2017 by the same surgeon were included in this retrospective study focusing on intraoperative observations of FCD.

Results: Because of the type of the surgery, the Fallopian canal could not be seen completely, so 924 of the cases which only involved performing a tympanoplasty were not included in the study. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Use of physician billing claims to identify infections in children.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(11):e0207468. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

While medical records have detailed information, they are limited in reach to the availability and accessibility of those records. On the other hand, administrative data while limited in scope, have a much further reach in coverage of an entire population. However, few studies have validated the use of administrative data for identifying infections in pediatric populations. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma of the Middle Ear Presenting as Mastoiditis.

Case Rep Otolaryngol 2018 17;2018:7639784. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of ENT, Zain and Al Sabah Hospitals, Kuwait City, Kuwait.

Lymphoma originating from the middle ear is rare. The diagnosis of lymphoma as with other cancers of the temporal bone is often made late, and this has a negative implication on the treatment and prognosis of the condition. The delay of diagnosis is mainly due to the similar presentation shared with other benign conditions of the middle ear. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

Knowledge of pharmacists and parents towards antibiotic use in pediatrics: a cross-sectional study in Lebanon.

Pharm Pract (Granada) 2018 Jul-Sep;16(3):1194. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Faculty of Pharmacy & Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Hadat (Lebanon).

Objectives: to assess the knowledge of both parents and community pharmacists regarding antibiotics use and resistance in pediatrics in Lebanon.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between June and August 2017 in community pharmacies. A pre-established questionnaire targeting knowledge of parents and pharmacists regarding antibiotics use/misuse was carried out. Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

[The medical assistance seeking behaviour of the patients presenting with suppurative chronic otitis media and their treatment in Moscow].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2018 ;83(5):26-30

L.I. Sverzhevskiy Research Institute of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Moscow Health Department, Moscow, Russia.

The objective of the present study was the analysis of the medical assistance seeking behaviour of the patients presenting with suppurative chronic otitis media (CSOM) and their treatment in Moscow during the period from 2009 till 2016. The incidence of suppurative chronic otitis media in the city of Moscow in 2016 was estimated to be 0.14 per 1000 population, its prevalence 1. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

outbreaks and implications for transmission and control: a systematic review.

Pneumonia (Nathan) 2018 5;10:11. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

1Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC USA.

Background: is capable of causing multiple infectious syndromes and occasionally causes outbreaks. The objective of this review is to update prior outbreak reviews, identify control measures, and comment on transmission.

Methods: We conducted a review of published outbreaks, defined as at least two linked cases of . Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

otitis externa in dogs.

Authors:
Charlie Pye

Can Vet J 2018 Nov;59(11):1231-1234

Dr. Pye BSc, DVM, DVSc, Diplomate ACVD is an Assistant Professor, Atlantic Veterinary College, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island.

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November 2018
3 Reads

Determinants of hearing loss severity in tympanic membrane perforations in a sub-Saharan African setting.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Nov 9;132(11):1013-1017. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery,Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences,University of Yaounde I,Yaounde,Cameroon.

Background: Factors specific to sub-Saharan Africa could have an impact on tympanic membrane perforation characteristics. Obtaining precise information on these characteristics and determinants of hearing loss severity would enable better management.

Objective: To determine the relationship between characteristics of tympanic membrane perforation and subsequent hearing impairment. Read More

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November 2018
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