81,905 results match your criteria Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA[Journal]


Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and osteoporosis.

Authors:
Shih-Wei Lai

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, 404, Taiwan.

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December 2018

Skeletal fragility: an emerging complication of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Endocrine 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milano, Italy.

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is an emerging cause of skeletal fragility. Mechanism of bone damage are probably multifactorial in line with the different skeletal phenotypes that can be found in clinical practice. A structured approach to clinical management of bone metabolic complication in EDS is proposed. Read More

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December 2018

Annual Injection of Zoledronic Acid Improves Bone Status in Children with Cerebral Palsy and Rett Syndrome.

Calcif Tissue Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Centre de référence des erreurs innées du métabolisme, Hôpital d'Enfants, CHRU Nancy, Nancy, France.

Osteoporosis is a common complication of cerebral palsy and Rett's syndrome. It is responsible for multiple fractures, bone pain, and impaired quality of life. In case of Rett's syndrome, a specific dysfunction of osteoblasts causes bone fragility. Read More

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December 2018

Administrative healthcare data applied to fracture risk assessment.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Fracture risk scores generated from population-based administrative healthcare data showed comparable or better discrimination than the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) scores computed without bone mineral density for predicting incident major osteoporotic fracture. Administrative data may be useful to identify individuals at high fracture risk at the population level.

Purpose: To evaluate the discrimination of fracture risk scores defined using inputs available from administrative data for predicting incident major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) and hip fracture (HF) alone. Read More

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December 2018

Correlation between vertebral bone microstructure and estimated strength in elderly women: An ex-vivo HR-pQCT study of cadaveric spine.

Bone 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Japan.

Purpose: A vertebral fracture is the most common complication of osteoporosis, and various factors are involved in its occurrence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of trabecular and cortical bone microstructure on vertebral strength using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT).

Methods: Three female cadaveric spines were investigated (average age: 80. Read More

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December 2018

Mediterranean diet and knee osteoarthritis outcomes: A longitudinal cohort study.

Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

National Research Council, Neuroscience Institute, Aging Branch, Padova, Italy.

Objectives: Mediterranean diet has several beneficial effects on health, but data regarding the association between Mediterranean diet and knee osteoarthritis (OA) are limited mainly to cross-sectional studies. We investigated whether higher Mediterranean diet adherence is prospectively associated with lower risk of radiographic OA (ROA), radiographic symptomatic knee OA (SxOA) and pain worsening in North American people at high risk or having knee OA.

Methods: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using a validated Mediterranean diet score (aMED), categorized in five categories (Q1 to Q5, higher values reflecting higher adherence to Mediterranean diet). Read More

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December 2018

Scutellarein inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclast formation in vitro and prevents LPS-induced bone loss in vivo.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Trauma Orthopedic and Hand Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Osteoporosis, arthritis, Peget's disease, bone tumor, periprosthetic joint infection, and periprosthetic loosening have a common characteristic of osteolysis, which is characterized by the enhanced osteoclastic bone resorptive function. At present, the treatment target of these diseases is to interfere with osteoclastic formation and function. Scutellarein (Scu), a flavonoids compound, can inhibit the progress of tumor and inflammation. Read More

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December 2018

3D Imaging of Indentation Damage in Bone.

Materials (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;11(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Henry Moseley X-ray Imaging Facility, Henry Royce Institute, School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.

Bone is a complex material comprising high stiffness, but brittle, crystalline bio-apatite combined with compliant, but tough, collagen fibres. It can accommodate significant deformation, and the bone microstructure inhibits crack propagation such that micro-cracks can be quickly repaired. Catastrophic failure (bone fracture) is a major cause of morbidity, particularly in aging populations, either through a succession of small fractures or because a traumatic event is sufficiently large to overcome the individual crack blunting/shielding mechanisms. Read More

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December 2018
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Metformin; an old antidiabetic drug with new potentials in bone disorders.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 26;109:1593-1601. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Cellular and Molecular Medicine Institute, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. Electronic address:

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus especially type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasing all over the world. In addition to cardiomyopathy and nephropathy, diabetics are at higher risk of mortality and morbidity due to greater risk of bone fractures and skeletal abnormalities. Patients with diabetes mellitus have lower bone quality in comparison to their non-diabetic counterparts mainly because of hyperglycemia, toxic effects of advanced glycosylation end-products (AGEs) on bone tissue, and impaired bone microvascular system. Read More

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January 2019

Roles for HB-EGF in Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Proliferation and Differentiation During Skeletal Growth.

J Bone Miner Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Bio-X Institutes, Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

HB-EGF, a member of the EGF superfamily, plays important roles in development and tissue regeneration. However, its functions in skeletal stem cells and skeleton development and growth remain poorly understood. Here, we used the Cre/LoxP system to ablate or express HB-EGF in Dermo1+ mesenchymal stromal cells and their progenies, including chondrocytes and osteoblast lineage cells, and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Read More

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December 2018

Pressure-induced mesenchymal stem cell osteogenesis is dependent on intermediate filament remodeling.

FASEB J 2018 Dec 14:fj201801474RR. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Trinity Centre for Bioengineering, Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Macroscale loading of bone generates a complex local mechanical microenvironment that drives osteogenesis and bone mechanoadaptation. One such mechanical stimulus generated is hydrostatic pressure (HP); however, the effect of HP on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and the mechanotransduction mechanisms utilized by these cells to sense this stimulus are yet to be fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrate that cyclic HP is a potent mediator of cytoskeletal reorganization and increases in osteogenic responses in MSCs. Read More

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December 2018

How to Best Predict Fragility Fractures: An Update and Systematic Review.

Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Dec;20(12):773-779

Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Because fragility fractures have an enormous impact on the practice of medicine and global health systems, effective screening is imperative. Currently, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which has limited ability to predict fractures, is being used. We evaluated the current literature for a method that may constitute a better screening method to predict fragility fractures. Read More

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December 2018

Interplay between microRNAs and Wnt, transforming growth factor-β, and bone morphogenic protein signaling pathways promote osteoblastic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Osteoblasts are terminally differentiated cells with mesenchymal origins, known to possess pivotal roles in sustaining bone microstructure and homeostasis. These cells are implicated in the pathophysiology of various bone disorders, especially osteoporosis. Over the last few decades, strategies to impede bone resorption, principally by bisphosphonates, have been mainstay of treatment of osteoporosis; however, in recent years more attention has been drawn on bone-forming approaches for managing osteoporosis. Read More

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December 2018

Impaired Vascular Function in Exercising Anovulatory Premenopausal Women is Associated with Low Bone Mineral Density.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Penn State University, Department of Kinesiology, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States.

In estrogen deficient postmenopausal women, osteoporosis shares a common link with cardiovascular disease risk, including endothelial dysfunction. The current study sought to examine associations between bone mineral density (BMD) and endothelial function in estrogen deficient premenopausal women with exercise-associated menstrual disturbances. Recreationally trained women (24. Read More

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December 2018
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3T chemical shift-encoded MRI: Detection of altered proximal femur marrow adipose tissue composition in glucocorticoid users and validation with magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

New York Langone Health, Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Osteoporosis (OP) results in weak bone and can ultimately lead to fracture. Drugs such as glucocorticoids can also induce OP (glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis [GIO]). Bone marrow adipose tissue composition and quantity may play a role in OP pathophysiology, but has not been thoroughly studied in GIO compared to primary OP. Read More

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December 2018

Hesperetin suppresses RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis and ameliorates lipopolysaccharide-induced bone loss.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Destructive bone diseases caused by osteolysis are increasing in incidence. They are characterized by an excessive imbalance of osteoclast formation and activation. During osteolysis, the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways are triggered by receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), inflammatory factors, and oxidative stress. Read More

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December 2018

Inhibition of osteoblast differentiation by ritonavir.

Biomed Rep 2018 Dec 2;9(6):491-496. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University, Tokyo 173-8606, Japan.

Osteoporosis is one of the chronic complications seen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, and affects patients at high prevalence. The causes of osteoporosis in HIV-infected patients are multiple, and include chronic HIV infection, living habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption, and antiretroviral drug use. Among antiretroviral drugs, protease inhibitors have been reported to be associated with osteoporosis. Read More

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December 2018

Association of vitamin D receptor ApaI gene polymorphism with osteoporosis susceptibility in postmenopausal Han Chinese women in Xinjiang.

Biomed Rep 2018 Dec 3;9(6):483-490. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832000, P.R. China.

Osteoporosis is a polygenic disorder and has been demonstrated to be associated with ~30 candidate genes, the majority of which have also been implicated in the regulation of bone mineral density (BMD). Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is the candidate gene that has been most extensively studied. Certain studies have reported that the VDR single nucleotide polymorphism ApaI is associated with the risk of osteoporosis in Caucasian and African women. Read More

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December 2018

[Updated report on STOPP-START criteria in Primary Care].

Semergen 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Unidad de Salud Pública, Gerencia del Área Sanitaria IV, SESPA, Oviedo, Asturias, España.

Introduction: The aim of this study is to determine the rate of potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIP) in people older than 64 years of age in Avilés, Asturias, Spain.

Materials And Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in six Health Care Centres. A sample of 400 people was selected, obtained by a random sampling proportional to the population registered in each Health Centre. Read More

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December 2018
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A multi-factorial analysis of bone morphology and fracture strength of rat femur in response to ovariectomy.

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Dec 13;13(1):318. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Division of Bio-Prosthodontics, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.

Background: Postmenopausal osteoporosis develops due to a deficiency of estrogen that causes a decrease in bone mass and changes in the macro- and micro-architectural structure of the bone, leading to the loss of mechanical strength and an increased risk of fracture. Although the assessment of bone mineral density (BMD) has been widely used as a gold standard for diagnostic screening of bone fracture risks, it accounts for only a part of the variation in bone fragility; thus, it is necessary to consider other determinants of bone strength. Therefore, we aimed to comprehensively evaluate the architectural changes of the bone that influence bone fracture strength, together with the different sensitivities of cortical and trabecular bone in response to ovariectomy (OVX). Read More

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December 2018

Epidemiology of Adult Ankle Fractures: 1756 cases identified in Norrbotten County during 2009-2013 and classified according to AO/OTA.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Dec 13;19(1):441. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Sunderby Research Unit, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences (orthopaedics), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: The ankle fracture is one of the most common fractures, increasing in an ageing population, but not generally seen as an osteoporotic fracture. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between different AO/OTA classes of ankle fractures, age, sex and type of trauma.

Methods: Ankle fractures, treated at any of the hospitals in Norrbotten County in Sweden between 2009 and 2013, were retrospectively identified and classified according to the AO/OTA-classification system. Read More

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December 2018

Polyamine Homeostasis in Snyder-Robinson Syndrome.

Med Sci (Basel) 2018 Dec 7;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.

Loss-of-function mutations of the spermine synthase gene () result in Snyder-Robinson Syndrome (SRS), a recessive X-linked syndrome characterized by intellectual disability, osteoporosis, hypotonia, speech abnormalities, kyphoscoliosis, and seizures. As SMS catalyzes the biosynthesis of the polyamine spermine from its precursor spermidine, SMS deficiency causes a lack of spermine with an accumulation of spermidine. As polyamines, spermine, and spermidine play essential cellular roles that require tight homeostatic control to ensure normal cell growth, differentiation, and survival. Read More

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December 2018

Celiac Disease Diagnosed through Screening Programs in At-Risk Adults Is Not Associated with Worse Adherence to the Gluten-Free Diet and Might Protect from Osteopenia/Osteoporosis.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 7;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Unit of Internal Medicine, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy.

Screening strategies to detect celiac disease (CD) in at-risk subjects are of paramount importance to prevent the possible long-term complications of this condition. It is therefore of strategic relevance to understand whether patients diagnosed through screening follow a strict gluten-free diet (GFD), as the non-compliance to this diet can make screening efforts pointless. Currently, no studies have verified whether CD patients diagnosed in their adulthood are adhering to the GFD years after the diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of dietary vitamin D deficiency on bone strength, body composition, and muscle in ovariectomized rats fed a high-fat diet.

Nutrition 2018 Sep 5;60:87-93. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Human Sciences and Design, Japan Women's University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with a greater risk for osteoporosis and also influences skeletal muscle functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of vitamin D restriction on ovariectomized (OVX) rats fed a high-fat diet.

Methods: Twenty-four 13-wk-old female rats were ovariectomized, and another 6 received a sham operation (Sham). Read More

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September 2018

Potential role of senescence in radiation-induced damage of the aged skeleton.

Bone 2018 Dec 10;120:423-431. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Human aging-related changes are exacerbated in cases of disease and cancer, and conversely aging is a catalyst for the occurrence of disease and multimorbidity. For example, old age is the most significant risk factor for cancer and among people who suffer from cancer, >60% are above the age of 65. Oxidative stress and DNA damage, leading to genomic instability and telomere dysfunction, are prevalent in aging and radiation-induced damage and are major cellular events that lead to senescence. Read More

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December 2018

Modular pathway engineering of Bacillus subtilis to promote de novo biosynthesis of menaquinone-7.

ACS Synth Biol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Menaquinone-7 (MK-7), a valuable vitamin K2, plays an important role in the prevention of osteoporosis and cardiovascular calcification. We chose B. subtilis 168 as the chassis for the modular metabolic engineering design to promote the biosynthesis of MK-7. Read More

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December 2018

[Diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis: Who should be addressed and how to confirm the diagnosis].

Authors:
Stephan Scharla

MMW Fortschr Med 2018 Dec;160(21-22):65-69

, Salinenstraße 8, D-83435, Bad Reichenhall, Deutschland.

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December 2018

Osteoporosis: a clinical and pharmacological update.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Hospital Cosme Argerich, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Osteoporosis is characterized by the loss of bone mass, deterioration of the bone microarchitecture, and an increased risk of fractures; these later complications are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The asymptomatic and progressive nature of osteoporosis underscores the importance of identifying this entity in early stages. Despite the various treatments available, the prevention of the disease represents the most important aspect of management. Read More

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December 2018

Single-Incision Double-Plating Approach in the Management of Isolated, Closed Osteoporotic Distal Femoral Fractures.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2018 11;9:2151459318799856. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: Distal femoral fractures in elderly population had recorded an increase in incidence in the last 2 decades. Lateral distal femoral locking plating is considered one of the best options especially when dealing with comminuted fractures but varus collapse of the medial femoral condyle occurs frequently in patients with osteoporosis. Anatomical reduction of the fracture with stable rigid fixation using double-plating approach allows early mobilization of geriatric population and prevents varus collapse minimizing the comorbidities in such fractures. Read More

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November 2018

Epimedium protects steroid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head in rats by inhibiting autophagy.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 3;16(6):5047-5052. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Orthopedics, Zhangjiagang Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 215600, P.R. China.

The effect of epimedium extracting solution on bone mineral density (BMD) of steroid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head (SANFH) in rats was evaluated to further explore its function mechanism. Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (male/female: 1/1) were randomly divided into three groups: the control (n=8), the glucocorticoid (n=8) and the epimedium (n=8) group. Rats in the glucocorticoid and the epimedium group were injected with prednisolone acetate injection in gluteal muscles with 15 mg/kg/day twice a week. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of androgen and progestin on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 19;16(6):4722-4728. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing 100730, P.R. China.

Osteoporosis is liable to affect patients with gonadal hormone deficiency, and a supplement of androgens may be used to increase bone density of patients with osteoporosis. Since the androgens currently used may cause severe side effects, it is useful to investigate the effect of other androgens and progestin on bone improvement. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of pregnenolone (Preg), androstenedione (AD), etiocholanolone (Etio), androsterone (An), nandrolone (NA) and testosterone (T) on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts for potential clinical applications. Read More

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December 2018

Frequency of Osteoporosis and Vertebral Fractures in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients.

Arch Bronconeumol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Escola Paulista de Medicina at the Federal University of São Paulo (EPM/Unifesp) , São Paulo (SP), Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and/or microarchitectural deterioration of bone. Osteoporosis is a risk factor for fractures specially in patients with advanced COPD. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the frequency of osteoporosis and vertebral fracture in COPD patients. Read More

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December 2018

Bone biopsy in nephrology practice.

J Bras Nefrol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Renal osteodystrophy (ROD), a group of metabolic bone diseases secondary to chronic kidney disease (CKD), still represents a great challenge to nephrologists. Its management is tailored by the type of bone lesion - of high or low turnover - that cannot be accurately predicted by serum biomarkers of bone remodeling available in daily clinical practice, mainly parathyroid hormone (PTH) and alkaline phosphatase (AP). In view of this limitation, bone biopsy followed by bone quantitative histomorphometry, the gold-standard method for the diagnosis of ROD, is still considered of paramount importance. Read More

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November 2018

Distribution of Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) and Lipoprotein Phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) across Lipoprotein Subclasses in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2018 5;2018:1752940. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Biomedical and Specialist Surgical Sciences, Section of Medical Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Genetics, University of Ferrara, Via Luigi Borsari 46, 44121 Ferrara, Italy.

Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) and lipoprotein phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) may exert an important protective role by preventing the oxidative transformation of high- and low-density lipoproteins (HDL and LDL, respectively). The activity of both enzymes is influenced by lipidome and proteome of the lipoprotein carriers. T2DM typically presents significant changes in the molecular composition of the lipoprotein subclasses. Read More

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November 2018

High Doses of Partially Prevents Estrogen Deficiency-Induced Bone Loss With Anti-osteoclastogenic Activity Due to Enhanced iNOS/NO Signaling.

Front Pharmacol 2018 16;9:1314. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Anatomy, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea.

(BF) extract, a natural product with anti-inflammatory properties, has been traditionally used to treat menopausal symptoms, but its role in osteoporosis, another serious health concern of menopausal women, remains unknown. Here we investigated whether and how BF prevents estrogen deficiency-induced bone loss using both and models. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomized (OVX) and subjected to oral BF treatment daily for 8 weeks. Read More

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November 2018

Efficacy and safety of once-monthly risedronate in osteoporosis subjects with mild-to-moderate chronic kidney disease: a post hoc subgroup analysis of a phase III trial in Japan.

J Bone Miner Metab 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Molecular Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

Limited data are available on the safety and efficacy of anti-resorptive agents, particularly once-monthly bisphosphonates, for use in osteoporotic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted a post hoc analysis of data from a 12-month, randomized, double-blind, phase III study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of once-monthly risedronate (RIS-OM) 75 mg tablets in Japanese osteoporosis patients with mild-to-moderate CKD. Patients who received RIS-OM 75 mg were stratified by baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; ≥ 90, ≥ 60 to < 90, or ≥ 30 to < 60 mL/min/1. Read More

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December 2018

Ultrasound tomography in bone mimicking phantoms: Simulations and experiments.

J Acoust Soc Am 2018 Nov;144(5):2937

Department of Mechanical Engineering, École de Technologie Supérieure, 1100 Notre-Dame Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3C1K3, Canada.

Bone quality assessment for osteoporosis diagnosis is usually performed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry or X-ray quantitative computed tomography. Recent research demonstrated that both methods are inaccurate in diagnosing osteoporosis since they rely only on the bone mineral density. The literature on bone quantitative ultrasound suggests that ultrasonic waves are sensitive to multiple significant bone parameters such as mechanical properties, the bone volume fraction, and the micro-architecture. Read More

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November 2018

Dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) among candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery: Emphasis to possible beneficial role of TAC on serum vitamin D.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208806. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Research, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aims: Recently, the clinical importance of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and its protective role against several chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and several types of cancers has been reported. However, its association with cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients candidate for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has not been evaluated yet. CABG is associated with increased oxidative stress and free radicals; so, the current study was aimed to evaluate the potential association of TAC with cardiovascular risk factors among patients candidate for CABG. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

[Cavernoma complicated with biliopatia secondary to type 1 Gaucher disease: report of a Peruvian case].

Rev Gastroenterol Peru 2018 Jul-Sep;38(3):280-284

Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga. Ica, Perú; Sociedad Científica de Estudiantes de Medicina de Ica (SOCEMI). Ica, Perú.

Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder characterized by deficiency of beta-glucosidase that would lead to the accumulation of glucosylceramide mainly in cells of the mononuclear phagocytic system causing systemic effectations. We present a patient of twenty years who is suffering from chronic pain in the left hypochondrium with episodes of bleeding for 3 years and sensation of thermal rise, physical examination revealed jaundice and massive splenomegaly, without neurological involvement. Severe osteoporosis, pancytopenia, and the presence of portal vein thrombosis with cavernomatous transformation complicated by portal biliopathy simulating a klatskin tumor, marrow and enzymatic studies were compatible with Gaucher disease, were shown as unexpected findings. Read More

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December 2018
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Screening, prevention and management of osteoporosis among Canadian adults.

Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can 2018 Dec;38(12):445-454

Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: This study provides a benchmark for the nationwide use of osteoporosis screening, prevention and management strategies among Canadians aged 40 years and older (40+) using data collected one year prior to the release of Osteoporosis Canada's latest (2010) clinical practice guidelines.

Methods: Data are from the 2009 Canadian Community Health Survey-Osteoporosis Rapid Response Component. The study sample (n = 5704) was divided into four risk subgroups: (1) osteoporosis diagnosis and major fracture; (2) osteoporosis diagnosis only; (3) major fracture only; or (4) neither osteoporosis diagnosis nor major fracture. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Activity of Peptides of the Calcitonin Family in Bone.

Physiol Rev 2019 Jan;99(1):781-805

Department of Medicine, University of Auckland , Auckland , New Zealand.

Calcitonin was discovered over 50 yr ago as a new hormone that rapidly lowers circulating calcium levels. This effect is caused by the inhibition of calcium efflux from bone, as calcitonin is a potent inhibitor of bone resorption. Calcitonin has been in clinical use for conditions of accelerated bone turnover, including Paget's disease and osteoporosis; although in recent years, with the development of drugs that are more potent inhibitors of bone resorption, its use has declined. Read More

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January 2019
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Proton pump inhibitors and risk of hip fracture: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing St., Taipei, 110, Taiwan.

We performed a meta-analysis of relevant studies to quantify the magnitude of the association between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and risk of hip fracture. Patients with PPIs had a greater risk of hip fracture than those without PPI therapy (RR 1.20, 95% CI 1. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Combination therapy with parathyroid hormone analogs and antiresorptive agents for osteoporosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, No. 23 Youzheng Road, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150001, People's Republic of China.

Combination therapy with parathyroid hormone (PTH) analogs and antiresorptive agents may be more effective than monotherapy for the treatment of osteoporosis. This study aimed to estimate the effectiveness and safety of this combination therapy for osteoporosis. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to May 1, 2018, including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a duration of at least 6 months on adults with osteoporosis treated with combination therapy versus monotherapy. Read More

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December 2018
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Correction to: Age-related normative values of trabecular bone score (TBS) for Japanese women: the Japanese Population-based Osteoporosis (JPOS) study.

Osteoporos Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Shuwa General Hospital, 1200 Tanihara-shinden, Kasukabe, Saitama, 344-0035, Japan.

I have, as the Principal Investigator of this study, identified an error in the computation of TBS values in the JPOS cohort, which resulted in the publication of incorrect TBS absolute values [1]. This error was linked to the calibration process for calculating standardized TBS values in the R&D TBS. Read More

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December 2018

Ophthalmic phenotype of TCIRG1 gene mutations in Chinese infantile malignant osteopetrosis.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2018 17;3(1):e000180. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Children's Hospital, National Center for Children's Health, National Key Discipline of Pediatrics, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: To evaluate the ophthalmic phenotypes associated with T-cell immune regulator 1 (TCIRG1) mutations in Chinese patients with infantile malignant osteopetrosis (IMO).

Methods And Analysis: 27 Chinese TCIRG1-related osteoporosis infants were enrolled using direct DNA sequencing of PCR-amplified exons. 12 cases had frameshift mutation (the frameshift mutation group, group F), and 15 cases had point mutation (the point mutation group, group P). Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Icariin inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis via modulation of the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Artificial Joints Engineering and Technology Research Center of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang, Jiangxi province, 330006, China; Multidisciplinary Therapy Center of Musculoskeletal Tumor, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi province, 330006, China. Electronic address:

The receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-RANK regulatory axis is a major regulator of osteoclast differentiation and activation. Icariin, a flavonol glycoside isolated from the Epimedium herb, has been reported to prevents bone loss in ovariectomized mice and inhibits wear particle-induced osteolysis. However, the molecular mechanism through which icariin inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis has not been fully understood. Read More

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December 2018

Mid-calf skeletal muscle density and its associations with physical activity, bone health and incident 12-month falls in older adults: The Healthy Ageing Initiative.

Bone 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Lower skeletal muscle density, indicating greater infiltration of adipose tissue into muscles, is associated with higher fracture risk in older adults. We aimed to determine whether mid-calf muscle density is associated with falls risk and bone health in community-dwelling older adults.

Methods: 2214 community-dwelling men and women who participated in the Healthy Ageing Initiative (Sweden) study at age 70 were included in this analysis. Read More

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December 2018
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Development of an in house ELISA for human intact osteocalcin and its utility in diagnosis and management of osteoporosis.

Clin Chim Acta 2018 Dec 8;489:117-123. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Molecular Immunodiagnostics, ICMR-National Institute for Research In Reproductive Health, Jehangir Merwanji Street, Parel, Mumbai, India. Electronic address:

Background: Serum Osteocalcin (OC) is a biomarker for evaluating bone turnover in humans. Commercial kits of OC in India are imported, hence the associated high cost prohibits their use in routine screening of osteoporosis. The present study describes the development, validation of human OC ELISA and establishes cut off values for its use in screening and management of women at risk for osteoporosis. Read More

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December 2018
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