6,952 results match your criteria Osteonecrosis Hip

Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head-Overview and Current State of the Art.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 15;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Faculty of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, Woycickiego 1/3, 01-938 Warsaw, Poland.

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is caused by disruption of the blood supply to the proximal femur. The alterations in the blood supply may occur following a traumatic event or result from a non-traumatic cause. Femoral neck fracture and hip dislocation and associated surgical procedures, corticosteroid therapy, and alcohol abuse frequently lead to AVN development. Read More

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Treatment of Knee Osteochondral Fractures.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Morphological Sciences, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, RO-020021 Bucharest, Romania.

Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) that are frequently encountered in skeletally immature and adult patients are more common than once thought, and their incidence rate is rising. These lesions can appear in many synovial joints of the body, such as the shoulder, elbow, hip, and ankle, occurring most often in the knee. The term osteochondral lesion includes a vast spectrum of pathologies such as osteochondritis dissecans, osteochondral defects, osteochondral fractures, and osteonecrosis of the subchondral bone. Read More

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Causes of revision after total hip arthroplasty in an orthopedics and traumatology regional center.

Med Pharm Rep 2022 Apr 28;95(2):179-184. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Background And Aim: Despite the great success of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), the number of revisions has significantly increased over the past years. The objectives of the study were to investigate the main causes that lead to revision of THA, the time interval between primary THA and revision, and the results of the revision surgery. We also assessed whether there was any correlation between the patients' age, BMI, diagnosis for primary THA and the cause of failure. Read More

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Bisphosphonate Drug Holidays: Evidence From Clinical Trials and Real-World Studies.

JBMR Plus 2022 Jun 24;6(6):e10629. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology Westmead Hospital Westmead NSW Australia.

Bisphosphonates (BPs) are commonly used in the treatment of osteoporosis and are effective in the prevention of fragility fracture. Long-term use has been associated with the development of atypical femur fractures (AFFs) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). Drug holidays seek to reduce the risk of insufficiency fractures (AFFs) while maintaining durable effects of long-term treatment in the prevention of fragility fracture. Read More

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Total Hip Arthroplasty with Robotic Arm Assistance for Precise Cup Positioning: A Case-Control Study.

Orthop Surg 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Objective: To determine whether more precise cup positioning can be achieved with robot-assisted total hip arthroplasty (THA) as compared to conventional THA.

Methods: In this study, between July 2019 and May 2021, 93 patients aged 23-75 years with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) and adult developmental dysplasia of hip who underwent first hip surgery were included in the study. They were randomly assigned to either the robotic-assisted THA group (n = 45) or the conventional THA group (n = 48). Read More

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Retrospective Study from a Single Center to Identify Risk Factors Associated with Reinfection in Patients Undergoing 2-Stage Revision Surgery for Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

Med Sci Monit 2022 Jun 13;28:e936973. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Osteonecrosis and Hip Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This study identified risk factors associated with reinfection and created a scoring system designed for patients with periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) who have undergone prosthetic resection and spacer implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients who underwent 2-stage revision for PJI from January 2010 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups: infection recurrence and infection cure. Read More

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Predicting the Poor Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes after the Anatomical Reduction and Internal Fixation of Posterior Wall Acetabular Fractures: A Retrospective Analysis.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 6;11(11). Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Orthopedics, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan.

Anatomical reduction is the fundamental principle of hip function restoration after posterior acetabular wall fractures (PWFs). Some patients exhibit poor outcomes despite anatomical reduction, and the prognostic factors leading to poor outcomes remain elusive. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients with PWFs who had undergone anatomical reduction and internal fixation and to identify the predictors that impair clinical and radiologic outcomes. Read More

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Imaging of Osteoarthritis of the Hip.

Radiol Clin North Am 2022 Jul 21;60(4):617-628. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Radiology, Northwell Health, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, 611 Northern Boulevard, Suite 250, Great Neck, NY 11021, USA.

Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease process that impacts the aging population. OA of the hip is the result of degeneration of the articular cartilage, underlying bone and soft tissue structures. Radiography is the first-line modality for imaging OA. Read More

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Concomitant septic arthritis of the hip joint and femoral head avascular necrosis in patients with recent COVID-19 infection: a cautionary report.

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 Jun 6;17(1):302. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Joint Reconstruction Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, End of Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran, 1419733141, Iran.

Purpose: At present, concomitant avascular necrosis (AVN) of femoral head and septic arthritis (SA) as a sequel of COVID-19 infection has yet not been documented. By large-scale use of life-saving corticosteroids (CS) in COVID-19 cases, our aim is to warn of the occurrence of hip joint infection in these patients.

Methods: We report a series of five cases in which patients developed septic arthritis concomitant with AVN after being treated for COVID-19 infection. Read More

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Comparison Between Concentrated Autologous Bone Marrow Aspirate Transplantation as a Hip Preserving Surgery and Natural Course in Idiopathic Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head.

Cureus 2022 May 2;14(5):e24658. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, JPN.

Purpose The purpose is to compare the therapeutic efficacy of concentrated autologous bone marrow aspirate transplantation (CABMAT) with that of observation alone for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Methods This single-center study included patients with idiopathic ONFH that were either treated with CABMAT (CABMAT group) or managed through observation alone (observation group) over a >2-year follow-up period. The Japanese Investigation Committee classification was used to diagnose and classify ONFH. Read More

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What Do We Need to Know About Musculoskeletal Manifestations of COVID-19?: A Systematic Review.

JBJS Rev 2022 Jun 3;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Serviço de Ortopedia e Traumatologia Prof. Nova Monteiro, Hospital Municipal Miguel Couto, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

»: COVID-19 is a disease that is challenging science, health-care systems, and humanity. An astonishingly wide spectrum of manifestations of multi-organ damage, including musculoskeletal, can be associated with SARS-CoV-2.

»: In the acute phase of COVID-19, fatigue, myalgia, and arthralgia are the most common musculoskeletal symptoms. Read More

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Core decompression combined with intralesional autologous bone marrow derived cell therapies for osteonecrosis of the femoral head in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Surgeon 2022 May 30. Epub 2022 May 30.

Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, India. Electronic address:

Background: Core decompression (CD) is beneficial in the early stage of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Adjunctive bone marrow derived cell therapies (BMDCT) have been advocated which potentially aid the regenerative process.

Question/purpose: This study was conducted to determine potential benefit of CD + BMDCT in ONFH, in terms of disease progression, conversion to arthroplasty (primary outcomes), and functional outcomes and complication rates (secondary outcomes). Read More

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Real-World Safety and Effectiveness of Denosumab in Patients with Osteoporosis: A Prospective, Observational Study in South Korea.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The efficacy and safety of denosumab have been established in a phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Korean postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. This postmarketing surveillance study was aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of denosumab in Korean real-world clinical practice.

Methods: Patients with osteoporosis who had received denosumab per the Korean approved indications in the postmarketing setting between September 2014 and September 2019 were enrolled. Read More

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Combining frog-leg lateral view may serve as a more sensitive X-ray position in monitoring collapse in osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2022 Jan 9;9(1):10-17. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Guangdong Research Institute for Orthopedics & Traumatology of Chinese Medicine, No. 261, Longxi Road, Liwan District, Guangzhou 510378, P.R. China.

Load-bearing capacity of the bone structures of anterolateral weight-bearing area plays an important role in the progressive collapse in osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of combined evaluation of anteroposterior (AP) and frog-leg lateral (FLL) view in diagnosing collapse. Between December 2016 and August 2018, a total of 478 hips from 372 patients with ONFH (268 male, 104 female; mean age 37. Read More

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January 2022

Traumatic Hip Dislocation Associated with Proximal Femoral Physeal Fractures in Children: A Systematic Review.

Children (Basel) 2022 Apr 25;9(5). Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, "Grigore Alexandrescu" Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children, 011743 Bucharest, Romania.

Traumatic hip dislocation might lead to serious complications and a poor outcome. Fortunately, it is a rare condition in pediatric patients. The purpose of this study is to establish and describe the complications caused by hip dislocations associated with transphyseal femoral neck fractures. Read More

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The MRI Effect in Clinical Decision Process in Perthes' Disease: "More Complex Imaging, More Complicated Surgeries".

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2022 ;89(2):134-138

Ortopediatri, Pediatric Orthopedic Academy, Istanbul, Turkey.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Radiographs are preferred for understanding the deformity and containment in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD), as well as for treatment planning, but plain radiographs provide only static information and are inadequate for dynamic assessment of the joint. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been shown to be superior to other diagnostic modalities. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of hip MRI in LCPD treatment decision-making processes between pediatric orthopedic surgeons and orthopedic surgery residents. Read More

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Effectiveness of Calcium Sulfate and Hydroxyapatite Composite in Collapse Prevention in Osteonecrosis of Femoral Head.

Cureus 2022 Apr 23;14(4):e24408. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Orthopaedics, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, IND.

Introduction Calcium-sulfate-hydroxyapatite bioceramics have been widely used as void fillers in bone. However, their effectiveness as void fillers in core decompression for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) in preventing femoral head collapse prevention has limited evidence. The current study investigates the effectiveness of calcium-sulfate-hydroxyapatite bioceramics as a void filler in the core decompression procedure for ONFH. Read More

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Outcomes of surgical hip dislocation combined with bone graft for adolescents and younger adults with osteonecrosis of the femoral head: a case series and literature review.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 May 26;23(1):499. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Joint Diseases, Traumatology & Orthopedics Institute of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, The Third Afliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) may occur in the adolescent and younger adults (AYAs). Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is not the best treatment option for younger patients. Surgical hip dislocation (SHD) combined with bone graft can be used in patients at different stages to reconstruct the bone structure in the head and delay the replacement time. Read More

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Morscher's femoral neck lengthening osteotomy through surgical hip dislocation approach for preservation of Perthes and Perthes-like deformities.

J Child Orthop 2022 Feb 5;16(1):5-18. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Division of Paediatric Orthopaedics and Limb Reconstruction, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Typical sequelae of Perthes disease and Perthes-like deformities comprise a short femoral neck, aspherical femoral head, and greater trochanteric overgrowth. Morscher's osteotomy aims at restoring the normal extra-articular anatomy, but incapable of restoring a normal head-neck contour with residual impingement. Femoral neck lengthening osteotomy combined with osteochondroplasty through surgical hip dislocation approach was not previously described in the literature. Read More

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February 2022

Joint replacement for avascular necrosis in people living with HIV.

Acta Biomed 2022 03 10;92(S3):e2021560. Epub 2022 Mar 10.

Orthopedics and Traumatology Department, University of Sassari, Italy.

Recently, the interest on multifocal avascular necrosis (AVN) among people living with HIV (PLWH) is rising. PLWH have an incidence of symptomatic AVN significantly higher than the general population. The chronic viral infection may induce a direct damage via necrotizing vasculitis, on the other hand the highly active antiretroviral therapy represents a probable risk factor as it can indirectly lead to multifocal necrosis. Read More

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pneumonia after total hip arthroplasty in a dermatomyositis patient: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(10):3313-3320

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beijing Key Lab Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, China.

Background: pneumonia (PJP) is a serious opportunistic infection that occurs mostly in patients with immunodeficiency and long-term immunosuppressive therapy. In non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients, the most important risk factor for PJP is the use of glucocorticoids in combination with other immunosuppressive treatments. The management of glucocorticoids during the perioperative period in patients with dermatomyositis requires special care. Read More

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Micro-Computed Tomography Analysis of Femoral Head Necrosis After Long-Term Internal Fixation for Femoral Neck Fracture.

Orthop Surg 2022 Jun 19;14(6):1186-1192. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Orthopaedics, Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China.

Objective: To analyze necrotic femoral head after long-term internal fixation for femoral neck fractures using micro-computed tomography (CT) for bone histomorphometry.

Methods: The experimental group included six patients (two men and four women; mean age 62.00 ± 9. Read More

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Multiple cannulated screw fixation of femoral neck fractures with comminution in young- and middle-aged patients.

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 May 18;17(1):280. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Hip Trauma, Tianjin Hospital, No. 406 Jiefang South Road, Hexi District, Tianjin, 300211, China.

Objective: To investigate the distribution and influence of comminution in femoral neck fracture (FNF) patients after cannulated screw fixation (CSF).

Methods: From January 2019 to June 2020, a total of 473 patients aged 23-65 years with FNF treated by CSF were included in the present study. Based on location of the cortical comminution, FNF patients were assigned to two groups: the comminution group (anterior comminution, posterior comminution, superior comminution, inferior comminution, multiple comminutions) or the without comminution group. Read More

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Safety of surgical hip dislocation in femoral head fracture and dislocation (FHFD) and avascular necrosis risk factor analysis of FHFD: midterm results confirmed by SPECT/CT and MRI.

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 May 16;17(1):278. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

Background: The study aim was to report the treatment outcomes of trochanteric flip osteotomy (TFO) with surgical hip dislocation (SHD) for femoral head fracture and dislocation (FHFD) and to investigate the risk factors for avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head.

Methods: The data of 34 patients (29 men, 5 women; mean age 37.9 years) diagnosed with FHFD and treated with TFO with SHD between May 2009 and February 2018 with an average follow-up period of 5. Read More

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Logistic Regression Analysis of Risk Factors and Improvement of Clinical Treatment of Traumatic Arthritis after Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) in the Treatment of Acetabular Fractures.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 4;2022:7891007. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Anesthesiology, PLA General Hospital of Hainan Hospital, Sanya 572000, China.

Objective: Logistic regression was adopted to analyze the risk factors of traumatic arthritis after total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the treatment of acetabular fractures, and the clinical treatment was enhanced.

Methods: A total of 200 patients with acetabular fractures treated in our hospital from February 2019 to April 2021 were enrolled for THA. According to the occurrence of traumatic arthritis after operation, the patients were divided into control group and study group. Read More

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Total hip arthroplasty and autologous bone grafting for treating bilateral osteonecrosis of the acetabulum: A case report.

J Orthop Sci 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan. Electronic address:

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Subchondral involvement in osteonecrosis of the femoral head: insight on local composition, microstructure and vascularization.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2022 May 12. Epub 2022 May 12.

Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, Univ. Littoral Côte D'Opale, ULR 4490 - MABLab- Adiposité Médullaire et Os, F-59000 Lille, France; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Lille Catholic Hospitals and Lille Catholic University, Lille, France.

Objective: To determine changes of subchondral bone composition, micro-structure, bone marrow adiposity and micro-vascular perfusion in end-stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) compared to osteoarthritis (OA) using a combined in vivo and ex vivo approach.

Design: Male patients up to 70 years old referred for total hip replacement surgery for end-stage ONFH were included (n = 14). Fifteen patients with OA were controls. Read More

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Epidemiology of Sports-Related Traumatic Hip Dislocations Reported in United States Emergency Departments, 2010-2019.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 May 5;10(5):23259671221088009. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Background: Traumatic hip dislocations are rare injuries that most commonly occur in motor vehicle accidents. There is a paucity of literature that describes sports-related hip dislocations.

Purpose: To estimate the incidence of sports-related hip dislocations and determine any sport- or sex-related epidemiological trends using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) database. Read More

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Association of Specific Genetic Polymorphisms with Atraumatic Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head: A Narrative Review.

Indian J Orthop 2022 May 6;56(5):771-784. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of Orthopaedics, PGIMER, Chandigarh, 160012 India.

Introduction: Atraumatic ONFH is one of the leading cause of hip morbidity in the working-age group. It is a multi-factorial disease whose root cause can be attributed to single-nucleotide polymorphism. Identifying such polymorphisms could pave the way for new modalities of treatment for ONFH. Read More

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Hyaluronan in articular cartilage: Analysis of hip osteoarthritis and osteonecrosis of femoral head.

J Orthop Res 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Hyaluronan (HA) plays crucial roles in the maintenance of high-quality cartilage extracellular matrix. Several studies have reported the HA in synovial fluid in patients with osteoarthritis (OA), but few have described the changes of HA in articular cartilage of OA or idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). KIAA1199 was recently reported to have strong hyaluronidase activity. Read More

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