440 results match your criteria Osteochondroma Solitary


Hereditary multiple exostoses: A case report and literature review.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2022 7;10:2050313X221103732. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Radiology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue, Vietnam.

Osteochondroma is the most common bone tumor representing 20%-50% of all benign bone tumors and 10%-15% of all bone tumors. Osteochondroma has similar radiological appearance in both solitary and multiple forms; the latter is an autosomal dominant disorder termed hereditary multiple exostoses. Associated complications of osteochondroma include deformity, fracture, neurovascular compromise, bursa formation, and malignant transformation. Read More

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Rapidly Growing Solitary Osteochondroma in the Adult Finger A Case Report.

Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) 2022 Jun;80(2):171-174

Osteochondromas are common benign bone tumors that are most commonly found in children and adolescents. They are usually slow-growing and located at the metaphysis of the long bones. When present in adults in atypical locations or with concerning features, such as thickened cartilage cap and rapid growth, osteochondromas warrant imaging to assess the risk of malignant transformation into chondrosar- coma and may require surgical excision. Read More

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Solitary Phalangeal Osteochondroma in a 12-Year-Old.

Eplasty 2022 27;22:ic6. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

The Institute for Research and Rehabilitation of Hand and Department of Plastic Surgery, Stanley Medical College and Govt. Stanley Hospital, India.

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Solitary Pediatric Osteochondroma of the Spine With Cord Compression.

Cureus 2022 Mar 20;14(3):e23342. Epub 2022 Mar 20.

Pediatric Neurosurgery, Cohen Children's Medical Center, New Hyde Park, USA.

Osteochondromas typically arise in the appendicular skeleton, with axial lesions occurring less commonly. Osteochondroma of the spine resulting in cord compression and symptomatic myelopathy is relatively rare. Most cases are reported in adolescents and adults. Read More

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[Cervicalgia and interescapular pain by cervical osteochondroma: About a case]

Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba 2022 03 14;79(1):69-73. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Hospital San Pedro, Logroño (La Rioja), España..

Background And Objective: Osteochondroma is the most frequent benign bone tumor, it can present in solitary or multiple form. Only 1 to 4% of osteochondromas are found in the spine and the most frequent of these is located at the cervical level. Of all spinal osteochondromas, only 0. Read More

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Novel techniques for solitary atlas osteochondroma: a case report and literature review.

Am J Transl Res 2022 15;14(2):1114-1122. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine Xi'an 710054, Shaanxi, China.

Osteochondroma is a common benign bone tumor that is rarely seen in the spine, especially in the atlas. Although most solitary atlas osteochondromas have no symptoms, some exostosis may cause severe clinical symptoms that need treatment within the spine. Here, we report a 21-year-old male who presented with apsychia as well as numbness in his right upper and lower limbs for 2 months. Read More

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February 2022

Secondary peripheral chondrosarcoma arising in solitary osteochondroma: variables influencing prognosis and survival.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2022 02 22;17(1):74. Epub 2022 Feb 22.

Department of Rare Skeletal Disorders, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Secondary peripheral chondrosarcomas arising in solitary osteochondromas is an unusual complication, reported in small series. In this study, we aimed to present our experience with this rare variant of chondrosarcoma and compare results with already published data in order to determine prognostic factors for overall and disease-free survival.

Methods: The case study includes retrospective data from patients diagnosed at a single institution from 1943 to 2019. Read More

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February 2022

Surgical outcomes of spinal osteochondroma in children: A multicentre observational study.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2022 Feb 9:103239. Epub 2022 Feb 9.

Service de chirurgie infantile à orientation orthopédique, Hôpital Universitaire Robert Debré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Université de Paris, 48, Bd Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France.

Background: Spinal osteochondroma (or exostosis) is a rare benign tumour whose clinical manifestations are delayed due to their slow growth and location. Few studies have addressed the characteristics and the diagnostic and therapeutic peculiarities of spinal osteochondroma in children. The objective of this multicentre observational study was to assess the outcomes of a cohort of children after surgery for spinal osteochondroma. Read More

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February 2022

Osteochondroma Arising From the Inferior Articular Process of the Lumbar Spine in a Geriatric Patient: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2022 25;13:21514593211073028. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, School of Medicine, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Objective: Spinal osteochondromas are rare, and approximately less than 5% occur as spinal lesions. We report the case of a solitary osteochondroma of the spine and review and update the literature on spinal osteochondroma, including surgical treatment and subsequent results.

Case Description: A 73-year-old female patient complained of a 10-year history of back pain and a 4-year history of right-side lower extremity radiating pain with paresthesia. Read More

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January 2022

Diagnosis and evolution of the benign tumor osteochondroma.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jan 1;23(1):103. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Department of Anatomy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, 200349 Craiova, Romania.

Osteochondroma represents a bone outgrowth covered by cartilaginous tissue and localized on the external surface of the bone. The incidence of osteochondroma is 20-35% of all pediatric benign tumors. Osteochondromas can be present in solitary or multiple forms and usually occur in the metaphysis of long bones in immature skeletons. Read More

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January 2022

Unusual location of osteochondroma in the temporal region in a patient with functional pituitary adenoma.

J Int Med Res 2021 Dec;49(12):3000605211058860

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 108337University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria.

Osteochondromas are common in the long bones and relatively rare in the head and neck regions. We herein report a case of a solitary temporal bone osteochondroma associated with a functional pituitary adenoma hypersecreting prolactin. The patient was a 48-year-old man with progressive, painless temporal swelling associated with gradual visual loss, gynaecomastia, erectile dysfunction, and loss of libido. Read More

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December 2021

Solitary Osteochondromas of the Metatarsal and Cuneiform, in an Adolescent.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 Jul;11(7):90-93

Department of Radiology, Inter Balkan Medical Center, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Introduction: Solitary osteochondromas are extremely rare in the bones of the foot. In the growing skeleton, few cases affecting the metatarsals and the talus have been reported. At present, there have been no reports of osteochondromas affecting the cuneiforms. Read More

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A Solitary Ventral Scapular Osteochondroma causing Pseudo-winging of Scapula: A Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 Jul;11(7):82-85

Department of Orthopaedics, Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Winging of scapula is defined as a failure of dynamic stabilizing structures that anchor the scapula to the chest wall, leading to prominence of the medial border of scapula. It could be primary, secondary, or voluntary. Primary winging could be true winging due to neuromuscular causes or pseudo-winging due to osseous or soft-tissue masses. Read More

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Exostosis of Rib: Case Report of an Extremely Rare Giant Osteochondroma at an Unusual Site, Radiopathological Correlation with Brief Review of Literature.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2021 Jul 13;31(3):740-744. Epub 2021 Nov 13.

Department of Orthopedics, Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Osteochondromas are common benign tumors developing as an abnormal bony growth in the metaphyseal region. Being more of a developmental anomaly rather than a true neoplasm, they are usually found around the growth plates of long bones such as the knee, hip, and shoulder. These are typically managed conservatively if they are asymptomatic; however, they require excision in symptomatic patients. Read More

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Reconstruction using monorail fixator for forearm osteochondroma Masada type I and IIb: A case series.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Nov 1;88:106464. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Prof. Dr. R. Soeharso Orthopaedic Hospital, Surakarta, Indonesia.

Introduction: Osteochondroma (solitary) and multiple hereditary exostoses (plural) are defined as a cartilage-capped bony projection arising on the external surface of bone containing a marrow cavity that is continuous with that of the underlying bone. These tumors grow slowly and develop to cause symptoms such as limited range of motion, joint pain, lumps, and deformities. The use of ulnar distraction osteogenesis has gained popularity in treating deformity in forearm osteochondroma. Read More

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November 2021

Atypical osteochondroma of the lumbar spine associated with suprasellar pineal germinoma: A case report.

World J Orthop 2021 Sep 18;12(9):720-726. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, United States.

Background: Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumor, accounting for 36% of benign bone tumors. Often found within the appendicular skeleton, osteochondromas of the spine are rare, comprising 4% to 7% of primary benign spinal tumors.

Case Summary: We report a case of a solitary lumbar osteochondroma in an 18-year-old male with a history of a suprasellar pineal germinoma treated with combined chemotherapy and radiation. Read More

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September 2021

Application of 3D-Printed Model in the Cervical Spine Osteochondroma Surgery: A Case Report.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Oct 10:1455613211040577. Epub 2021 Oct 10.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung.

A 73-year-old woman having a throat lump sensation and dysphagia for the past several months presented at our otorhinolaryngology outpatient clinic. A physical examination disclosed a protruding subepithelial mass over the right tonsil fossa. The mass was not tender and had no mucosal lesions or signs of active infection. Read More

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October 2021

[A solitary osteochondroma of the scapula: Uncommon location for a common tumor].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2021 10;119(5):e562-e566

Servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, España.

Osteochondroma is a benign bone tumor that usually affects children and young adults. It is typically located in the metaphysis of long bones around the knee, although it could also affect flat bones like scapula. We report the case of a 11-year-old child with one year of evolution painful tumor at the dorsal surface of the scapula. Read More

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October 2021

Osteochondroma Presenting Clinically with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in a 12-Year-old Boy.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 May;11(5):109-112

Department of Orthopaedics, D Y Patil University School of Medicine, Navi-Mumbai, Maharashtra. India.

Introduction: An exostosis is a benign growth of bone, which when capped with cartilage is called osteochondroma, which can appear as solitary or multiple, mostly affecting the long bones, pelvis, and shoulder region. The prevalence of known solitary exostosis is 1-2% in the general population. They are slow growing lesions with rare malignant transformation. Read More

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Giant ulcerative benign osteochondroma of shoulder.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Sep 13;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Consultant, Orthopaedic Oncosurgery, Paras Hospitals, Panchkula, Haryana, India

Osteochondromas in hereditary multiple exostosis have increased risk of malignant transformation as compared with solitary osteochondromas. We present a case of a 54-year-old man who presented to us with complaints of swollen mass of the left shoulder with an ulcerative lesion. Radiograph showed a sessile growth from the proximal humerus and scapula. Read More

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September 2021

Phalangeal Intra-Articular Osteochondroma Caused a Rare Clinodactyly Deformity in Children: Case Series and Literature Review.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 12;12:677245. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Orthopedic, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: Various factors are discovered in the development of clinodactyly. The purpose of this retrospective study was to present a group of children with a rare clinodactyly deformity caused by phalangeal intra-articular osteochondroma and evaluate the efficacy of various treatment methods.

Methods: All child patients that were treated for finger problems in our center between Jan 2017 and Dec 2020 were reviewed. Read More

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December 2021

Update on the imaging features of the enchondromatosis syndromes.

Skeletal Radiol 2022 Apr 24;51(4):747-762. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Imaging Department, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, UK.

Ollier disease and Maffucci syndrome are the commonest enchondromatosis subtypes, arising from non-hereditary mutations in the IDH1 and IDH2 genes, presenting in childhood and being characterised by multiple enchondromas. Maffucci syndrome also includes multiple soft tissue haemangiomas. Aside from developing bony masses, osseous deformity and pathological fracture, ~ 40% of these patients develop secondary central chondrosarcoma, and there is increased risk of non-skeletal malignancies such as gliomas and mesenchymal ovarian tumours. Read More

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Solitary osteochondroma affecting the rib and adjacent vertebral body: a case with atypical radiology features.

Authors:
Fahad B Albadr

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Aug 8;16(8):2038-2042. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, King Saud Universityriyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Costal osteochondroma is an uncommon primary benign tumor. Thorough radiological and pathological examinations should be performed to avoid misdiagnosis. Herein, we describe a case of a surgically resected costal osteochondroma in 23-year-old man. Read More

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Solitary submandibular soft tissue osteochondroma: A rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 9;84:106074. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Oral Pathology, Dept. of Oral Medicine and Oral Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, P.O. Box 14511, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Soft tissue osteochondromas are rare benign tumors containing bone and cartilage that form in mesenchymal tissues with no connection to adjacent bone, cartilage, or periosteum. They mimic endochondral ossification and are usually encased in a fibrous tissue capsule. The occurrence of the tumor is extremely rare in the maxillofacial region. Read More

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Spontaneous regression of solitary osteochondromas in children: An option to consider in clinical practice.

Jt Dis Relat Surg 2021 11;32(2):514-520. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery Service, Miguel Servet University Hospital, Avda. Isabel la Católica 1-3, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.

Osteochondromas are neoplasm that belong to the family of cartilaginous histogenesis tumors and represent 90% of all forms of exostoses. As most osteochondromas are asymptomatic, underdiagnosis is frequent. Symptomatic forms usually manifest before the age of 20 years, and the most common symptoms are pain and the detection of a bony mass. Read More

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Surgical Treatment of Solitary Periarticular Osteochondromas About the Knee in Pediatric and Adolescent Patients: Complications and Functional Outcomes.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 07;103(14):1276-1283

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Solitary osteochondromas, or osteocartilaginous exostoses (OCEs), represent the most common benign bone tumor. Despite frequently causing symptoms about the knee in younger populations, there is minimal previous literature investigating surgical treatment.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients <20 years old who had undergone surgical treatment of symptomatic, pathologically confirmed, solitary periarticular knee OCE at a single pediatric center between 2003 and 2016. Read More

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An update on the imaging of diaphyseal aclasis.

Skeletal Radiol 2021 Oct 1;50(10):1941-1962. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, UK.

Solitary osteochondromas are common, benign hyaline cartilage-capped exostoses that primarily arise from the metaphyses of long and flat bones. Diaphyseal aclasis is an autosomal dominant condition resulting from EXT1 or EXT2 gene mutations and is characterized by multifocal osteochondromas. These can result in a wide spectrum of complications, such as skeletal deformity, neurological and vascular complications, adventitial bursa formation, fracture, and rarely malignant transformation to peripheral chondrosarcoma. Read More

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October 2021