2,495 results match your criteria Osteochondritis Dissecans


Chondral and Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions Treated by Autologous Chondrocytes Implantation: A Mid- to Long-Term Nonrandomized Comparison.

Cartilage 2020 Jun 30:1947603520935953. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of cartilage repair with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) in patients with osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions and full-thickness cartilage lesions.

Design: This study included a cohort of 115 consecutive patients with a cartilage lesion of the knee treated with ACI. Of the patients, 35 had an OCD lesion and 80 a full-thickness cartilage lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1947603520935953DOI Listing

Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee: An Interrater Reliability Study of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Characteristics.

Am J Sports Med 2020 Jun 25:363546520930427. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Investigation performed at the Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA, and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Background: Imaging characteristics of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions quantified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are often used to inform treatment and prognosis. However, the interrater reliability of clinician-driven MRI-based assessment of OCD lesions is not well documented.

Purpose: To determine the interrater reliability of several historical and novel MRI-derived characteristics of OCD of the knee in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546520930427DOI Listing

Fresh Precut Osteochondral Allograft Core Transplantation for the Treatment of Capitellum Osteochondritis Dissecans.

Arthrosc Tech 2020 Jun 15;9(6):e797-e802. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the elbow is a disease of unclear etiology that affects young children and adolescents, particularly overhead athletes and gymnasts. Common surgical options include fixation, debridement, loose body removal, and marrow stimulation (microfracture/drilling). For large, deep, and/or uncontained defects, osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) has been advocated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2020.02.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7301269PMC

Prevalence of Juvenile Osteochondral Conditions in Yearling Thoroughbred Racehorses in Southern Brazil.

J Equine Vet Sci 2020 Jul 27;90:102997. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

School of Life Sciences, Department of Animal Science, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Rua Imaculada Conceição 1155, Curitiba, Paraná 80215-901, Brazil. Electronic address:

This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of juvenile osteochondral conditions (JOCCs) in yearling Thoroughbred (TB) racehorses in Southern Brazil, as well as to examine the same animals studied as weanlings by Bastos et al. (2017) and compare the radiographic findings for the two ages. Radiographs of 76 male and female TB yearlings from Paraná State, Southern Brazil, were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2020.102997DOI Listing

Biomechanical Changes of Repair Tissue after Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation at Long-Term Follow-Up.

Cartilage 2020 May 23:1947603520921433. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

. This study aims to describe biomechanical maturation process of repair tissue after cartilage repair with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) at long-term follow-up. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1947603520921433DOI Listing

Aggrecanopathies highlight the need for genetic evaluation of ISS children.

Authors:
Ola Nilsson

Eur J Endocrinol 2020 Aug;183(2):C9-C10

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology & Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet and University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Short stature is one of the most common causes for referrals to pediatric endocrinologists. However, in a majority of the children, no underlying cause can be identified and the child instead receives the unhelpful diagnosis of idiopathic short stature (ISS), often after extensive work-up and testing. Recent advances in genetic methodology have allowed for the identification of a number of different monogenic conditions within the large cohort of ISS children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-20-0420DOI Listing

Advances in Sports Medicine and Care of the Adolescent Athlete.

Nurs Clin North Am 2020 Jun;55(2):239-250

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Science, Section of Sports Medicine, Children's Mercy Kansas City, 2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA.

Over the past several decades there has been a dramatic change in the landscape of youth sports. This article provides an overview of sport-related injuries in the child and adolescent populations, looking at changes over the past 10 to 15 years. A closer look at frequently seen injuries, including assessment, diagnosis, and management in osteochondritis dissecans, sprains, fractures, anterior cruciate ligament, and meniscus tears, is provided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cnur.2020.02.005DOI Listing

Management of Symptomatic Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee.

Arthroscopy 2020 Jul 6;36(7):1803-1804. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a focal lesion of the subchondral bone that can result in fragmentation, instability, and if untreated, loose body formation with progression to early degenerative changes. Particularly in adolescent male athletes, OCD of the knee is a common source of pain, effusion, and mechanical symptoms with sporting activities. Conservative treatment of athletes with OCD of the knee can entail several months of activity modification and non-weight-bearing restrictions, with varying degrees of healing and return to activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2020.04.002DOI Listing

Editorial Commentary: Should We Consider Early Retirement for Adolescent Pitchers and Catchers With Osteochonditis Dissecans of the Capitellum?

Arthroscopy 2020 05;36(5):1281-1282

Repetitive throwing in the adolescent athlete often leads to long-term problems. Strict pitch counts and limitation of pitches (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2020.02.029DOI Listing

Technique for Arthroscopic Debridement and Microfracture of Unstable, Contained Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions of the Capitellum.

Arthrosc Tech 2020 Apr 24;9(4):e535-e539. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Mississippi Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.A.

Osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum is an overuse injury that occurs primarily in adolescent athletes that causes pain and motion loss and can lead to chronic dysfunction. When diagnosed in its early stages, most lesions can be treated conservatively and without long-term consequences. Many osteochondritis dissecans lesions, however, continue to cause progressive symptoms despite nonoperative measures or are too advanced at the time of initial clinical presentation to be effectively treated without surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2020.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189419PMC

All-Arthroscopic Osteochondral Autograft Transfer Technique for Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Talus.

Arthrosc Tech 2020 Apr 13;9(4):e499-e503. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S.A.

Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans of the talus can be a challenging condition to treat in young patients. Previously described osteochondral autograft transfer techniques for medial talar lesions have been done via open approach, often requiring medial malleolus osteotomy. The purpose of this article is to present an all-arthroscopic osteochondral autograft transfer technique for a medial talar osteochondritis dissecans lesion in a skeletally immature patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2019.12.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189212PMC

A Staged Arthroscopic Approach to Fixation of Unstable Osteochondritis Dissecans in the Medial Femoral Condyle of the Knee Using Nonabsorbable Fixation Screws.

Arthrosc Tech 2020 Apr 10;9(4):e477-e481. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Osteochondritis dissecans is a focal lesion of articular cartilage that can result in fragment instability with progression of early osteoarthritis. Regarding the knee joint, salvage of an unstable lesion can be achieved using arthroscopic-assisted reduction and fixation via a 2-stage process. The first involves arthroscopic fixation of the fragment using nonbioabsorbable screws, whereas the second stage performed 12 weeks later involves removal of the screws and confirmation of successful healing of the lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2019.11.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189124PMC

Osteochondral lesion of the talus in children: Are there MRI findings of instability?

Skeletal Radiol 2020 Aug 18;49(8):1305-1311. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of our study was to investigate the performance of MRI findings to predict instability of osteochondral lesion of the talus (OLT) in children and the association between skeletal maturity and lesion stability.

Materials And Method: This retrospective IRB-approved and HIPPA-compliant study included children with OLT, who underwent an ankle MRI examination between March 1, 2011, and May 31, 2018. Blinded to the clinical outcome, 2 radiologists retrospectively assessed each MRI study for the presence or absence of various features on the articular side, along the interface, and on the subchondral side of each lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-020-03436-6DOI Listing

Erratum to "Closed-Wedge Osteotomy of the Distal Humerus for Treating Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Capitellum in Young Patients".

Authors:

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Mar 31;8(3):2325967120914656. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2325967119876247.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967120914656DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7137112PMC

MRI evaluation of articular cartilage in patients with juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD) using T2∗ mapping at 3T.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2020 Apr 8. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA; Department of Radiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Objective: Evaluate articular cartilage by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2∗ mapping within the distal femur and proximal tibia in adolescents with juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD).

Design: JOCD imaging studies acquired between August 2011 and February 2019 with clinical and T2∗ mapping MRI knee images were retrospectively collected and analyzed for 31 participants (9F/22M, 15.0 ± 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2020.04.001DOI Listing

An Unusual Case Report of a Stage IV Osteochondral Defect Imitating a Medial Malleolar Avulsion Fracture.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2020 May - Jun;59(3):590-593. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Director, Podiatric Foot and Ankle Residency, Beaumont Wayne Hospital, Wayne, MI.

Osteochondral lesions of the talar dome are severely debilitating injuries that frequently can be missed on initial radiographic evaluation. In this case, we present the case of a 17-year-old male who injured his right ankle while skateboarding. Initial radiographic findings showed what appeared to be an avulsion fracture of the medial malleolus, and the patient was subsequently treated with immobilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2019.09.024DOI Listing

Measuring Knee Bone Marrow Perfusion Using Arterial Spin Labeling at 3 T.

Sci Rep 2020 Mar 24;10(1):5260. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Bone perfusion is an essential physiological measure reflecting vasculature status and tissue viability of the skeletal system. Arterial spin labeling (ASL), as a non-invasive and non-contrast enhanced perfusion imaging method, is an attractive approach for human research studies. To evaluate the feasibility of ASL perfusion imaging of knee bone marrow in the distal femoral condyle at a 3 T MRI scanner, a study was performed with eight healthy volunteers (three males and five females, 26 ± 2 years old) and two patients (male, 15 and 11 years old) with diagnosed stage II juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-62110-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7093505PMC

A triplanar osteotomy technique in arthroscopy-assisted ankle mosaicplasty.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2020 Jan-Apr;28(1):2309499020905054

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kocaeli Darıca Farabi Training and Research Hospital, Darıca, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Purpose: Osteochondral lesions of the talus are lesions that are seen particularly in the young age group and are often related to sports injuries and trauma. These lesions, which show late symptoms radiologically, can be determined in the early stages with magnetic resonance imaging. The aim of this study was to present a new osteotomy technique to reduce the complications of mosaicplasty surgery to a minimum and provide an early return to work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499020905054DOI Listing

Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation as Treatment for Unsalvageable Osteochondritis Dissecans: 10- to 25-Year Follow-up.

Am J Sports Med 2020 04 17;48(5):1134-1140. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: An unsalvageable osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) fragment has been defined as one that cannot be saved. Unsalvageable OCD lesions have been treated with various techniques, including fragment excision, microfracture, osteochondral autograft transfer, fresh osteochondral allograft transplantation, and autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI).

Hypothesis: Patients who underwent ACI as treatment for unsalvageable OCD more than 10 years ago would maintain satisfactory patient-oriented outcome measures and have a low need for additional open surgery, especially arthroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546520908588DOI Listing

Matrix induced autologous chondrocyte implantation in the knee: Comparison between osteochondritis dissecans and osteonecrosis and effect of chondrocyte thickness on prognosis.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020 Jan;54(1):66-73

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Ankara University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was compare the clinical success of treatments for avascular necrosis and osteochondritis dissecans in cases who underwent matrix autologous chondrocyte implantations, and evaluate cartilage thickness on the clinical outcomes after implantation.

Methods: A total of 37 patients (29 men, and 8 women; mean age: 23.8 years (16-38)) were treated prospectively with a two-stage matrix autologous chondrocyte implantation (avascular necrosis, n=21; osteochondritis dissecans, n=18). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/j.aott.2020.01.347DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243689PMC
January 2020

Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesion Location Is Highly Concordant With Mechanical Axis Deviation.

Am J Sports Med 2020 03;48(4):871-875

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California, USA.

Background: The cause of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is unknown.

Purpose: To determine if mechanical axis deviation correlates with OCD lesion location in the knee, if degree of mechanical axis deviation correlates with size of OCD lesion, and if the deformity was primarily in the distal femur or proximal tibia.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546520905567DOI Listing

A case report of osteochondritis dissecans of the first metatarsophalangeal joint treated with autologous cancellous bone and chondral flap reconstruction.

J Surg Case Rep 2020 Mar 2;2020(3):rjaa026. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Neuro-Orthopaedics, Foot & Ankle Surgery, Orthopaedic Hospital Volmarstein, Wetter (Ruhr), Germany.

Although osteochondritis dissecans (OD) is well-described in the bibliography, cases of OD in the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) are rare clinical situations. We present a 25-year-old male who presented to our department for big toe pain on the left side. Clinical and radiological examination showed the typical findings of OD lesion on the 1st metatarsal head (MH), establishing the diagnosis of OD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjaa026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054208PMC

Management of the Failed OCD.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2020 Apr;13(2):173-179

Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Purpose Of The Review: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a pathologic condition of subchondral bone most frequently occurring in the medial femoral condyle of the knee in children and adolescents. Salvage techniques are necessary when either nonoperative or typical operative treatments fail, or the OCD presents in an unsalvageable state. The purpose of this review is to describe the evaluation and management of failed OCDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12178-020-09611-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7174455PMC

Editorial Commentary: Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee: The Great Confounder.

Authors:
Eric W Edmonds

Arthroscopy 2020 03;36(3):795-796

University of California San Diego.

The management of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) continues to baffle even the savviest of surgeons, with unclear etiology, unknown relationship of presentation to outcome, bewildering response to various treatments, and frustratingly difficult-to-predict prognosis. Whether skeletal immaturity may be indicative of surgical success, at least when it comes to lesions requiring screw fixation, remains debatable. Treatment may include activity modification, drilling, fixation, or osteochondral replacement of OCD lesions in the knee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2019.10.041DOI Listing

Osteochondritis dissecans of the glenoid in gymnasts: Report of two cases.

J Orthop Sci 2020 Feb 24. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryomachi, Aobaku, Sendai, 980-8574, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2020.01.015DOI Listing
February 2020

Contralateral Lateral Femoral Condyle Allografts Provide an Acceptable Surface Match for Simulated Classic Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions of the Medial Femoral Condyle.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 Jan 28;8(1):2325967119898413. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

MedSport, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Background: Osteochondral allograft transplantation is an effective technique for repairing large lesions of the medial femoral condyle (MFC), but its use is limited by graft availability.

Purpose/hypothesis: The present study aimed to determine whether contralateral lateral femoral condyle (LFC) allografts can provide an acceptable surface match for posterolateral MFC lesions characteristic of classic osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). The hypothesis was that LFC and MFC allografts will provide similar surface contour matches in all 4 quadrants of the graft for posterolateral MFC lesions characteristic of OCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119898413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6987491PMC
January 2020

Early Radiographic Healing and Functional Results After Autologous Osteochondral Grafting for Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Capitellum: Introduction of a New Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Scoring System.

Am J Sports Med 2020 03 13;48(4):966-973. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Autologous osteochondral grafting (OG) is an option in the treatment of capitellar osteochondritis dissecans (COCD). However, radiographic healing after this procedure has not been well documented.

Purpose: To develop a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based scoring system specific for evaluating healing after single-plug OG in COCD and to evaluate correlation between radiographic healing and early clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546520902475DOI Listing

Three-Dimensional Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Epiphyseal Cartilage Vascularity Using Vessel Image Features: New Insights into Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans.

JB JS Open Access 2019 Oct-Dec;4(4). Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Departments of Veterinary Population Medicine (F.T.) and Veterinary Clinical Sciences (C.P.J.,C.S.C.), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota.

We introduce a quantitative measure of epiphyseal cartilage vascularity and examine vessel networks during human skeletal maturation. Understanding early morphological changes in the distal femoral condyle is expected to provide information on the pathogenesis of developmental diseases such as juvenile osteochondritis dissecans.

Methods: Twenty-two cadaveric knees from donors ranging from 1 month to 10 years of age were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.OA.19.00031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6959910PMC
December 2019

Capitellar Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesions of the Elbow: A Systematic Review of Osteochondral Graft Reconstruction Options.

Arthroscopy 2020 06 6;36(6):1747-1764. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.A.. Electronic address:

Purpose: To systematically evaluate the outcomes and complications of osteochondral autograft transfer (OAT) and osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA) for the surgical treatment of capitellar osteochondritis dissecans (OCD).

Methods: A literature search was conducted across 3 databases (PubMed, Cochrane, and CINAHL [Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature]) from database inception through December 2019 in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Individual study quality was assessed using the Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2020.01.037DOI Listing
June 2020
3.206 Impact Factor

Open Reduction and Internal Fixation for the Treatment of Symptomatic Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Femoral Head in Patients With Sequelae of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease.

J Pediatr Orthop 2020 Mar;40(3):120-128

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, St Louis, MO.

Background: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is estimated to occur in 2% to 7% of patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). Unstable osteochondral fragments secondary to LCPD may produce mechanical symptoms requiring surgical intervention. Reattachment of the fragment with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) may provide good clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001192DOI Listing

Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Trochlea: A Cohort Study of 34 Trochlear Lesions Associated With Sporting Activities That Load the Patellofemoral Joint.

J Pediatr Orthop 2020 Mar;40(3):103-109

Hospital for Special Surgery.

Background: Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD) lesions are rarely located in the trochlea and few studies have focused on the causes and outcomes of JOCD lesions in this part of the knee. The purpose of this study is to (1) evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients who undergo surgery for JOCD in this unusual location as well as (2) assess the association between trochlear JOCD and participation in sporting activities that load the patellofemoral joint.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 34 trochlear JOCD lesions in 30 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001174DOI Listing

Open Reduction, Bone Grafting, and Internal Fixation of Osteochondritis Dissecans Lesion of the Knee.

JBJS Essent Surg Tech 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):e23. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the femoral condyle is an idiopathic focal bone abnormality affecting the subchondral bone and can result in unstable osteochondral lesions. The treatment of unstable OCD lesions with open reduction and internal fixation with metallic compression screws is well documented in the literature. Fixation is performed to prevent dislodgement of unstable OCD lesions or fix displaced fragments that have been surgically reduced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.ST.18.00035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948992PMC

Description of a rare osteochondrosis lesion of the medial aspect of the distal intermediate ridge of the tibia in seven Thoroughbred horses (2008-2018).

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2020 May 5;61(3):285-290. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Hagyard Equine Medical Institute, Lexington, Kentucky.

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the distal intermediate ridge of the tibia (DIRT) is commonly identified on either the lateral to medial (LM) or dorso45°medial-plantarolateral oblique (D45M-PLO) projection of the tarsus. This manuscript describes a retrospective case series out of Hagyard Equine Medical Institute, for which medical records and radiographic projections of the tarsus were reviewed, consistent with Keeneland's repository requirements. This original investigation identified seven yearling Thoroughbred horses between 2008 and 2018 with radiographic signs of atypical osteochondrosis lesions within the tarsus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vru.12843DOI Listing

[Not a Chronic Tennis Elbow].

Authors:
Patrick Vavken

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2020 Feb;109(2):105-108

alphaclinic Zürich.

Not a Chronic Tennis Elbow Lateral elbow pain is a highly unspecific finding and may be caused by one of several possible differential diagnoses. Unfortunately, it is often assumed to be epicondylitis, commonly referred to as tennis elbow, although instability is a frequent cause in chronic cases. In the presented case, it is the less frequent nerve compression of the radial nerve which must also be considered, together with plica syndrome, osteochondritis dissecans and arthrosis of the radiocapitellar joint, as a differential diagnosis of lateral elbow pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a003357DOI Listing
February 2020

Long-Term Outcomes of Arthroscopic Debridement With or Without Drilling for Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Capitellum in Adolescent Baseball Players: A ≥10-Year Follow-Up Study.

Arthroscopy 2020 05 28;36(5):1273-1280. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University, Tokushima, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of arthroscopic debridement for capitellar osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) in adolescent baseball players.

Methods: This retrospective study evaluated clinical outcomes of arthroscopic debridement for capitellar OCD in adolescent baseball players seen between 2003 and 2006. Inclusion criteria were at least 10 years of follow-up after surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2020.01.020DOI Listing
May 2020
3.206 Impact Factor

Failure of Surgery for Osteochondral Injuries of the Elbow in the Pediatric and Adolescent Population.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2020 Feb;13(1):50-57

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Benioff Children's Hospital, University of California San Francisco, 747 52nd Street, Oakland, CA, 94609, USA.

Purpose Of Review: With an increase in single-sport specialization, elbow injuries have become increasingly common in the pediatric and adolescent population. Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum frequently requires intervention yet can be difficult to treat given high patient activity demands. The purpose of this paper is to review treatment options, understand failure rates, and provide strategies for successful revision surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12178-020-09606-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083981PMC
February 2020

Osteochondritis Dissecans in Pediatric Patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

J Rheumatol 2020 03 15;47(3):480-481. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Department of Paediatrics, Children's Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.190731DOI Listing

Early Results of Single-plug Autologous Osteochondral Grafting for Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Capitellum in Adolescents.

J Pediatr Orthop 2020 Feb;40(2):78-85

Department of Orthopaedics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Background: Osteochondral autologous transplantation surgery (OATS) has been advocated for unstable osetochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions of the adolescent capitellum, though limited information is available regarding clinical and radiographic results in North American patients. We hypothesize that single-plug OATS is safe and effective in alleviating pain and restoring function in unstable OCD.

Methods: Twenty-eight patients with unstable OCD treated with single-plug OATS were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001114DOI Listing
February 2020

Arthroscopic Fixation of Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee Using a Motorized Pick and Headless Compression Screws.

Arthrosc Tech 2019 Oct 19;8(10):e1115-e1120. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the knee affects children and adolescents. The condition is characterized by sterile osteonecrosis of the subchondral bone. The cause is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eats.2019.05.031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948132PMC
October 2019

Epidemiology, Injury Patterns, and Treatment of Meniscal Tears in Pediatric Patients: A 16-Year Experience of a Single Center.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Dec 20;7(12):2325967119890325. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Meniscal injuries in children continue to increase, which may be attributable to increasing levels of athletic participation and may be associated with additional injuries or need for additional surgeries.

Purpose: To better understand the patterns of pediatric meniscal injuries by analyzing tear location, morphologic features, and associated injury patterns over a 16-year period.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119890325DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6927199PMC
December 2019

The Influence of Physeal Status on Rate of Reoperation After Arthroscopic Screw Fixation for Symptomatic Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee.

Arthroscopy 2020 03 20;36(3):785-794. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine if physeal status or other preoperative or intraoperative variables influence the failure rate after arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions in the knee.

Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing screw fixation of osteochondral fragments from OCD by a single surgeon from 2005 to 2015 with a minimum 2-year follow-up were included. Demographic, preoperative imaging, and intraoperative data were analyzed to determine risk factors associated with failure, which was defined as the need for a revision reoperation or arthroplasty after initial OCD fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2019.08.050DOI Listing

Health State Utilities in Children and Adolescents With Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee.

Orthop J Sports Med 2019 Dec 5;7(12):2325967119886591. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA.

Background: The impact of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions of the knee on a child's health-related quality of life has not previously been quantified. Preference-based health utility assessment allows patients to assign quality-of-life valuations (utilities) to different health states and conditions.

Purpose: To determine (1) patient-reported utility scores for health states associated with pediatric OCD lesions of the knee and (2) whether these scores are associated with patient demographics or disease severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967119886591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6896139PMC
December 2019

A novel autologous-made matrix using hyaline cartilage chips and platelet-rich growth factors for the treatment of full-thickness cartilage or osteochondral defects: Preliminary results.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2020 Jan-Apr;28(1):2309499019887547

Instituto Cugat, Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: To report the clinical, functional, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based outcomes of a novel autologous-made matrix consisting of hyaline cartilage chips combined with mixed plasma poor rich in platelets clot and plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) for the treatment of knee full-thickness cartilage or osteochondral defects.

Methods: Between July 2015 and January 2018, all patients with full-thickness cartilage or osteochondral defects undergoing this novel cartilage restoration surgical technique were approached for eligibility. Indications for this procedure included traumatic or atraumatic full-thickness knee cartilage defects or osteochondritis dissecans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019887547DOI Listing
December 2019

[HYBRID OSTEOCHONDRAL TRANSPLANTATION - A NEW METHOD FOR SURGICAL TREATMENT OF OSTEOCHONDRITIS DISSECANS OF THE KNEE JOINT].

Georgian Med News 2019 Oct(295):7-13

Pirogov Medical University, department of traumatology and orthopedy, Russia.

Knee osteochondritis desiccans, or Koenig's disease, is commonly found in active young people engaged in manual labor, sports etc., i.e. Read More

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October 2019

Therapeutic mesenchymal stromal stem cells: Isolation, characterization and role in equine regenerative medicine and metabolic disorders.

Stem Cell Rev Rep 2020 Apr;16(2):301-322

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Equine Clinic - Equine Surgery, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392, Gießen, Germany.

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have become a popular treatment modality in equine orthopaedics. Regenerative therapies are especially interesting for pathologies like complicated tendinopathies of the distal limb, osteoarthritis, osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) and more recently metabolic disorders. Main sources for MSC harvesting in the horse are bone marrow, adipose tissue and umbilical cord blood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12015-019-09932-0DOI Listing

The Pediatric Knee and Proximal Tibia.

Pediatr Clin North Am 2020 02;67(1):153-167

Seaview Orthopaedic & Medical Associates, 1200 Eagle Avenue, Ocean, NJ 07712, USA. Electronic address:

Pediatric knee disorders are various and range from trauma and sports injuries to chronic overuse injuries. Because pediatric patients are different from adults, management of pediatric injuries and general knee disorders is also often different. Primary treatment regimen goals focus on a return to the previous level of function, preservation of anatomy, and decreasing potential long-term effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2019.09.012DOI Listing
February 2020

Nonoperative treatment of stable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans of the knee: effectiveness of unloader bracing.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2020 Jan;29(1):81-89

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.

The purpose of this study was to compare the treatment outcomes of stable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD) of the knee in a large cohort treated nonoperatively with unloader bracing versus other nonoperative treatment modalities without unloader bracing. This retrospective study assessed the clinical course of skeletally immature patients who underwent a minimum of 3 months nonoperative treatment for stable JOCD of the femoral condyle at a single institution (2001-2014). Treatment was based on physician preference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPB.0000000000000617DOI Listing
January 2020

A child with a novel ACAN missense variant mimicking a septic arthritis.

Ital J Pediatr 2019 Nov 20;45(1):148. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Pediatric Rheumatology Clinic, IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Via Gerolamo Gaslini 5, 16147, Genova, Italy.

Heterozygous mutations of the ACAN gene have been associated with a broad spectrum of non-lethal skeletal dysplasias, called Aggrecanopathies. We report a case of a child with severe inflammatory elbow involvement mimicking septic arthritis who carried the new ACAN missense variant c.6970 T > C, p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-019-0719-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6868685PMC
November 2019

Osteochondral Reconstruction of the Capitellum.

Orthop Clin North Am 2020 Jan 25;51(1):97-108. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Fondren Orthopaedic Group, TERFSES Shoulder and Elbow Fellowship, Texas Orthopedic Hospital, 7401 South Main Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum is a relatively rare condition, with a higher incidence in adolescents who participate in repetitive overhead sports. The surgical treatment approach for this uncommon problem has varied from microfracture, loose body removal, abrasion chrondroplasty, lesion fixation, osteochondral allograft transplantation surgery, and osteochondral autologous transplantation surgery. The purpose of this study is to present the authors' preferred surgical technique for the treatment of unstable OCD lesions of the capitellum with osteochondral autologous transplantation surgery using autograft from the ipsilateral knee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocl.2019.08.004DOI Listing
January 2020
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