15,641 results match your criteria Osteoarthritis Primary

Self-Reported Health of Severely Obese US Adults with Osteoarthritis.

J Arthroplasty 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Institute of Etiological Research; Boca Raton, FL.

Background: Severe obesity is associated with complications following arthroplasty, leading surgeons to increasingly counsel patients regarding weight loss. For patients seeking arthroplasty, learning that severe obesity may be a relative contraindication to surgery can create a challenging clinical interaction. We sought to describe the self-reported health of United States (US) adults who had severe obesity and osteoarthritis (OA) to better understand patient perspectives. Read More

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Trends of Dispensed Opioids in Catalonia, Spain, 2007-19: A Population-Based Cohort Study of Over 5 Million Individuals.

Front Pharmacol 2022 8;13:912361. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Pharmaco- and Device Epidemiology, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

To characterize the trend of opioid use (number of users, dispensations and oral morphine milligram equivalents) in Catalonia (Spain). This population-based cohort study included all individuals aged 18 years or older, registered in the Information System for Research in Primary Care (SIDIAP), which covers >75% of the population in Catalonia, Spain, from 1 January 2007, to 31 December 2019. The exposures were all commercialized opioids and their combinations (ATC-codes): codeine, tramadol, oxycodone, tapentadol, fentanyl, morphine, and other opioids (dihydrocodeine, hydromorphone, dextropropoxyphene, buprenorphine, pethidine, pentazocine). Read More

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Deep collaborative network with alpha matte for precise knee tissue segmentation from MRI.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2022 Jun 17;222:106963. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, CU lab of AI in radiology (CLAIR), Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin N.T., Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: Precise segmentation of knee tissues from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is critical in quantitative imaging and diagnosis. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs), being state of the art, often challenged by the lack of image-specific adaptation, such as low tissue contrasts and structural inhomogeneities, thereby leading to incomplete segmentation results.

Methods: This paper presents a deep learning-based automatic segmentation framework for precise knee tissue segmentation. Read More

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Comparative effect of two educational videos on self-efficacy and kinesiophobia in people with knee osteoarthritis: An online randomised controlled trial.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Centre for Health Exercise & Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: To compare change in self-efficacy for managing knee osteoarthritis (OA) pain and kinesiophobia after watching an educational video based on an empowerment and participatory discourse with a video based on a disease and impairment discourse.

Design: Two-arm randomised controlled trial with participants aged ≥45 years with knee pain (n=589). Participants completed both baseline and follow-up outcomes and watched one randomly-allocated video (12-minute duration) during one 30-45-minute session within a single online survey. Read More

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Ulnar nerve decompression with osteocapsular arthroplasty for primary elbow osteoarthritis.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2022 May-Aug;30(2):10225536221109914

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Uijeongbu Eulji Medical Center, 587171Eulji University School of Medicine, Uijeongbu, Korea.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to suggest treatment guidline for primary elbow OA with ulnar nerve neuropathy or high-grade stiffness by evaluating the effect of ulnar nerve decompression on the outcome of osteocapsular arthroplasty.

Methods: A total of 30 patients who underwent primary osteocapsular arthroplasty for elbow OA were retrospectively reviewed. The surgical outcomes were evaluated for pain score (visual analog scale; VAS), range of motion (ROM), and Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS). Read More

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Intra-Articular Injections of Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stromal Cells vs. High Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid in Dogs With Osteoarthritis: Exploratory Data From a Double-Blind, Randomized, Prospective Clinical Trial.

Front Vet Sci 2022 7;9:890704. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Fort Collins, CO, United States.

This double-blind, randomized, prospective clinical trial was conducted to obtain exploratory data comparing the efficacy of intra-articular allogeneic mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) to high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA) for the treatment of pain associated with canine osteoarthritis (OA). Objective gait analysis (%Body Weight Distribution, %BWD), accelerometry, clinical metrology instruments and veterinary exams were used as outcome measures during various time points throughout the 48-week study period. Fourteen dogs with elbow or coxofemoral OA were enrolled and assigned in a 2:1 ratio to the treatment groups. Read More

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ACL Reconstruction Patients Have Increased Risk of Knee Arthroplasty at 15 Years of Follow-up: Data from the Norwegian Knee Ligament Register and the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register from 2004 to 2020.

JB JS Open Access 2022 Apr-Jun;7(2). Epub 2022 Jun 21.

The Norwegian Knee Ligament Register, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is considered a risk factor for osteoarthritis. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate the cumulative risk of, and risk factors associated with, a subsequent knee arthroplasty after an ACL reconstruction at up to 15 years of follow-up. The secondary aim was to compare the relative risk of knee arthroplasty after ACL reconstruction compared with that in the general population. Read More

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In Vitro Characterization of the Human Skeletal Stem Cell-like Properties of Primary Bone-Derived Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells in Patients with Late and Early Hip Osteoarthritis.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 15;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Askerceva 7, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Human skeletal stem cells (hSSCs) were recently identified as podoplanin (PDPN)/CD73/CD164-positive and CD146-negative cells that decline with age, and play a role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to identify the hSSC-like properties of bone-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) of patients with late and early OA. : First, we performed gene expression profiling for the hSSC markers in 32 patients with late and early OA, and donors without OA. Read More

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Does Application of Lymphatic Drainage with Kinesiology Taping Have Any Effect on the Extent of Edema and Range of Motion in Early Postoperative Recovery following Primary Endoprosthetics of the Knee Joint?

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 16;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, 20-093 Lublin, Poland.

Background: The surgery of knee replacement due to degenerative changes is the last step of the treatment. After surgery, a major problem in patients is pain, swelling, intraarticular hematoma, and the restriction of the mobility of the joint. The aim of this work was to determine the effect of Kinesio Taping (KT) on reducing edema of the subcutaneous tissue and improving the range of motion in the joint. Read More

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Short- and Long-Term Effectiveness of Low-Level Laser Therapy Combined with Strength Training in Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 15;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, 5009 Bergen, Norway.

Background: Both physical activity and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) can reduce knee osteoarthritis (KOA) inflammation. We conducted a randomized clinical trial to investigate the short- and long-term effectiveness of LLLT combined with strength training in persons with KOA.

Methods: Fifty participants were randomly divided in two groups, one with LLLT plus strength training ( = 26) and one with placebo LLLT plus strength training ( = 24). Read More

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Does Concurrent Distal Tibiofibular Joint Arthrodesis Affect the Nonunion and Complication Rates of Tibiotalar Arthrodesis?

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 13;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20251 Hamburg, Germany.

Tibiotalar arthrodesis successfully treats ankle arthritis but carries risk of nonunion. It is unclear whether concurrent distal tibiofibular arthrodesis affects tibiotalar nonunion rate. The purpose of this study is to compare tibiotalar nonunion and complication rates in patients with versus without a distal tibiofibular arthrodesis. Read More

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Mesenchymal Stem Cell Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Effects in Osteoarthritis: A Narrative Review.

Genes (Basel) 2022 May 26;13(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

St. Catherine Specialty Hospital, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

With the insufficient satisfaction rates and high cost of operative treatment for osteoarthritis (OA), alternatives have been sought. Furthermore, the inability of current medications to arrest disease progression has led to rapidly growing clinical research relating to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The availability and function of MSCs vary according to tissue source. Read More

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Is there an optimal degree of correction for ankle varus deformity after supramalleolar osteotomy? A systematic review.

Foot Ankle Surg 2022 Jun 12. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Martini Hospital Groningen, Van Swietenplein 1, 9728 NT Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: There is no consensus on the angle targeted for in varus ankle deformity after supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT). The aim of this study was to investigate which obtained correction has the best clinical outcome after valgus SMOT.

Methods: A systematic review according PRISMA guidelines was conducted with studies being eligible for inclusion when published in English, German or Dutch, patients older than 18 years at study entrance, primary or posttraumatic varus ankle osteoarthritis, using any valgus SMOT technique, describing radiological alignment and clinical outcome at baseline and after at least 12 months follow-up. Read More

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Adjustable-loop implants are non-inferior to fixed-loop implants for femoral fixation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopaedics, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 99, 8200, Aarhus N, Denmark.

Purpose: Button implants with an adjustable-loop device (ALD) are often used in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Clinical research comparing ALDs with fixed-loop devices (FLD) has mainly been conducted in small patient populations with short follow-up times. To determine whether ALDs are safe to use in ACLR, a non-inferiority study with a large sample population and a long follow-up period would be beneficial. Read More

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High levels of TDO2 in relation to pro-inflammatory cytokines in synovium and synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 22;23(1):604. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, 218 Jixi Road, Anhui, 230022, Hefei, China.

Background: Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO2) is the primary enzyme that catabolizes tryptophan to kynurenine. Numerous studies have suggested that TDO2 is involved in inflammation-related diseases. However, its role in osteoarthritis (OA) has not yet been investigated. Read More

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The Biota orientalis, oil extract Epiitalis, is efficacious at reducing the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis: a pilot, multi-site, dose-ranging, randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial.

Inflammopharmacology 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Independent Consultant Biostatistician, Delhi, India.

Objective: To explore the safety, and efficacy of a proprietary hydrolyzed oil extract from seeds of Biota orientalis (hBO/Epiitalis, Interpath Pty Ltd) in patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods: Patients aged 40-65 with X-ray diagnosed knee OA and knee pain ≥ 60 on a 100-point VAS (visual analog scale) were enrolled and randomized into four groups to receive daily hBO for 56 days as high (hBO-HD, 640 mg), mid (hBO-MD, 320 mg) or low (hBO-LD, 160 mg) doses, or a matched placebo oil. The primary outcome was change in VAS knee pain from baseline to 56 days in the mITT (modified intention to treat) population. Read More

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PCB153 suppressed autophagy via PI3K/Akt/mTOR and RICTOR/Akt/mTOR signaling by the upregulation of microRNA-155 in rat primary chondrocytes.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2022 Jun 19;449:116135. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Orthopedics, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, 110004, China. Electronic address:

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a typical type of persistent organic pollutant. PCB exposure is associated to the occurrence and development of osteoarthritis (OA); however, the involved mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. Here, we investigated the pro-osteoarthritic effect of 2, 2', 4, 4', 5, 5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153), and the involvement of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/ mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the RICTOR/Akt/mTOR signaling pathways. Read More

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Increasing trend of radiographic features of knee osteoarthritis in rheumatoid arthritis patients before total knee arthroplasty.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 21;12(1):10452. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

To investigate the trend and factors related to the occurrence of osteoarthritis (OA)-like features on knee radiographs of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the recent decades. To classify antero-posterior knee radiographs into 'RA' and 'OA-like RA' groups, a deep learning model was developed by training the network using knee radiographs of end-stage arthropathy in RA patients obtained during 2002-2005 and in primary OA patients obtained during 2007-2009. We used this model to categorize 796 knee radiographs, which were recorded in RA patients before TKA during 2006-2020, into 'OA-like RA' and 'RA' groups. Read More

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Inhibition of Cpt1a alleviates oxidative stress-induced chondrocyte senescence via regulating mitochondrial dysfunction and activating mitophagy.

Mech Ageing Dev 2022 Jun 18;205:111688. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Orthopedics, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519000, Guangdong, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519000, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related chronic degenerative disease, and chondrocyte senescence has been established to play an important role in the pathological process. There is ample evidence to suggest that lipid metabolism plays an important role in the aging process. However, the effect of lipid metabolism on chondrocyte senescence and OA remains unclear. Read More

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A Telehealth-Delivered Tai Chi Intervention (TaiChi4Joint) for Managing Aromatase Inhibitor-Induced Arthralgia in Patients With Breast Cancer During COVID-19: Longitudinal Pilot Study.

JMIR Form Res 2022 Jun 21;6(6):e34995. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Medical Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Background: Estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer is the most common type of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are the endocrine therapy of choice recommended for these patients. Up to 50% of those treated with an AI develop arthralgia, often resulting in poor adherence and decreased quality of life. Read More

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Long-Term Clinical Outcomes and Implant Survivorship of 151 Total Ankle Arthroplasties Using the HINTEGRA Prosthesis: A Minimum 10-Year Follow-up.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Few studies have investigated long-term clinical outcomes of a mobile-bearing total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) system. This study analyzed long-term outcomes of TAA using the HINTEGRA prosthesis at a single, non-developer center.

Methods: Primary TAAs were performed on 213 ankles in 194 patients, and 151 consecutive ankles [71%] in 136 patients with a minimum follow-up of 10 years after the primary TAA were included in this study. Read More

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Menstrual hormone-induced cyclic thumb CMC instability and degeneration in women: a systematic review.

Biol Sex Differ 2022 Jun 20;13(1):32. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa, IA, 52242, USA.

Background: Relaxin is a hormone which peaks during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, and a known collagenolytic promoter that has been shown to avidly bind tissues supporting the trapeziometacarpal (TMC) joint in women. We hypothesize a causal linkage between cyclic binding of relaxin to the supporting tissues of the female TMC joint; and to the earlier onset of more severe TMC osteoarthritis (OA) commonly seen in women.

Methods: A systematic literature review was performed per PRISMA guidelines, qualitatively and quantitatively assessing papers regarding relaxin-TMC joint stability interactions. Read More

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[Effect of tourniquet on morphology and stiffness of quadriceps in patients receiving total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Jun;102(24):1833-1838

Department of Orthopedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Engineering Research Center of Bone and Joint Precision Medicine, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100191, China.

To evaluate tourniquet effect on the morphology and stiffness of quadriceps in patients receiving total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Total of 80 patients with primary knee osteoarthritis receiving unilateral primary TKA from August 2020 to June 2021 in Peking University Third Hospital were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. The patients were randomly divided into tourniquet group and non-tourniquet group (40 cases in each group). Read More

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A Friction Testing-Bioreactor Device for Study of Synovial Joint Biomechanics, Mechanobiology, and Physical Regulation.

J Vis Exp 2022 Jun 2(184). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University;

In primary osteoarthritis (OA), normal 'wear and tear' associated with aging inhibits the ability of cartilage to sustain its load-bearing and lubrication functions, fostering a deleterious physical environment. The frictional interactions of articular cartilage and synovium may influence joint homeostasis through tissue level wear and cellular mechanotransduction. To study these mechanical and mechanobiological processes, a device capable of replicating the motion of the joint is described. Read More

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Causes of revision after total hip arthroplasty in an orthopedics and traumatology regional center.

Med Pharm Rep 2022 Apr 28;95(2):179-184. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Background And Aim: Despite the great success of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), the number of revisions has significantly increased over the past years. The objectives of the study were to investigate the main causes that lead to revision of THA, the time interval between primary THA and revision, and the results of the revision surgery. We also assessed whether there was any correlation between the patients' age, BMI, diagnosis for primary THA and the cause of failure. Read More

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The Effect of Modified Tai Chi Exercises on the Physical Function and Quality of Life in Elderly Women With Knee Osteoarthritis.

Front Aging Neurosci 2022 26;14:860762. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the leading cause of pain and stiffness, affecting older adults' physical function and quality of life. As a form of mind-body exercise, Tai Chi has been recommended as an exercise prescription for KOA patients. This study examined the effects and continuation of modified Tai Chi exercises on physical function and quality of life in elderly women with KOA. Read More

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Fixed-Bearing Posterior-Stabilized Implant versus Constrained Condylar Knee in One-Stage Bilateral Primary Arthroplasty of the Varus Knee: A Randomized Controlled Trial with Minimum 2-year Follow-Up.

Adv Biomed Res 2022 29;11:34. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Imam Hossein Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Severe varus deformity of the knee poses a technical challenge in balancing the flexion-extension gaps. The use of a varus-valgus constrained prosthesis is a solution to achieve coronal plane stability. The results of constrained condylar knee (CCK) implants in primary total knee arthroplasty are not well known. Read More

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The Effects of Challenging Walking Conditions on Kinematic Synergy and Stability of Gait in People with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Study Protocol.

Adv Biomed Res 2022 29;11:35. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) may considerably change the gait parameters, including the gait variability patterns. Uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis has been used to evaluate the relationship between motor control and gait variability as a useful index for assessing the multi-segmental movements' coordination during walking. To our knowledge, no research has evaluated the alterations in the gait kinematic parameters during normal and narrow path walking in individuals with KOA as compared to asymptomatic people. Read More

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Comparison of Early Range of Motion in Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Based on Indication: A Single Center Retrospective Review.

J Shoulder Elb Arthroplast 2022 14;6:24715492221108283. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, NY, USA.

Background: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is commonly used in the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy. Indications for RSA have expanded to include complex proximal humerus fractures. Studies directly comparing outcomes between traumatic and traditional elective indications are limited. Read More

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Knee tuberculosis: A misleading clinical entity (case report).

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 11;96:107236. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Orthopaedic department, Military hospital of instruction-Tunis, Tunisia.

Introduction: Bone and joint infections are rare localizations of tuberculosis, and its diagnosis is challenging. The atypical clinical presentation may lead to delayed diagnosis and severe complications.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 72-year-old female diagnosed with tuberculosis of the knee. Read More

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