104,975 results match your criteria Osteoarthritis

A direct referencing method of the tibial plateau for the posterior tibial slope in medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 Jun 25;17(1):329. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kindai University Hospital, 377-2 Ohno-Higashi, Osaka-Sayama City, Osaka, 589-8511, Japan.

Purpose: There is no consensus on intraoperative references for the posterior tibial slope (PTS) in medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). An arthroscopic hook probe placed on the medial second quarter of the medial tibial plateau (MTP) in an anteroposterior direction may be used as a direct anatomical reference for the PTS. The purpose of this study is to investigate the availability and accuracy of this method. Read More

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Effects of Hyaluronic Acid With Intra-articular Corticosteroid Injections in the Management of Subtalar Post-traumatic Osteoarthritis - Randomized Comparative Trial.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2022 Mar 12. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital Santa Helena, Brasília, DF, Brazil. Electronic address:

We investigated the potential of exogenous hyaluronic acid (HA) associated with corticosteroid injections to improve pain and function for the treatment of post-traumatic subtalar osteoarthritis, in comparison with isolated intra-articular corticosteroid. Twenty-five symptomatic participants (50 ± 8 years) with a minimum follow-up of 1 year after surgery for calcaneus fractures were enrolled. Participants were randomly assigned into a therapeutic group that underwent isolated corticosteroid intra-articular subtalar injection (Corticosteroid Group, n = 12) or a combination of HA plus corticosteroid (HA+C Group, n = 13). Read More

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Deep collaborative network with alpha matte for precise knee tissue segmentation from MRI.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2022 Jun 17;222:106963. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, CU lab of AI in radiology (CLAIR), Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin N.T., Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: Precise segmentation of knee tissues from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is critical in quantitative imaging and diagnosis. Convolutional neural networks (CNNs), being state of the art, often challenged by the lack of image-specific adaptation, such as low tissue contrasts and structural inhomogeneities, thereby leading to incomplete segmentation results.

Methods: This paper presents a deep learning-based automatic segmentation framework for precise knee tissue segmentation. Read More

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Uncontrolled manifold analysis of gait kinematic synergy during normal and narrow path walking in individuals with knee osteoarthritis compared to asymptomatic individuals.

J Biomech 2022 Jun 20;141:111203. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common musculoskeletal disorder resulting in altered gait patterns. Uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis has been demonstrated as a useful approach for quantitative analysis of motor variability and synergies. The present study aimed to investigate the changes in the kinematic synergy, controlling the center of mass (COM) position while walking on normal and narrow paths in people with KOA compared to asymptomatic participants. Read More

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Contrast-Enhanced Micro-Computed Tomography of Compartment and Time-Dependent Changes in Femoral Cartilage and Subchondral Plate in a Murine Model of Osteoarthritis.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Rush University Medical Center, 600 South Paulina, Suite 507, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objective: A lack of understanding of the mechanisms underlying osteoarthritis progression limits the development of effective long-term treatments. Quantitatively tracking spatiotemporal patterns of cartilage and bone degeneration is critical for assessment of more appropriately targeted OA therapies. In this study, we use contrast-enhanced micro-computed tomography (μCT) to establish a timeline of subchondral plate and cartilage changes in the murine femur after destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM). Read More

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The Feasibility and Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Meditation on Reducing Chronic Pain for Older Adults with Knee Osteoarthritis.

Pain Pract 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Brigham and Women's Pain Management Center, Pain Research, Chestnut Hill, MA.

There is an urgent need for safe and effective non-pharmacologic approaches to treat chronic knee pain in older adults. Although virtual reality (VR) has shown some effectiveness for acute pain, there is limited evidence on the effects of VR on chronic pain particularly with older adult populations. This single application, within-subject pilot study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of VR as a clinical treatment for older adults with chronic osteoarthritis knee pain. Read More

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The progress in the classification and treatment of scaphoid nonunion.

Surgeon 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Orthopaedic, 920th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force, Kunming 650032, China. Electronic address:

Scaphoid fracture is the most common carpal fracture, accounting for 50%-80% of all carpal fractures in the Youngers and manual workers. The nonunion rate of scaphoid fractures was approximately 10-15%. Scaphoid nonunion can lead to wrist deformity, wrist collapse, ischemic necrosis, and traumatic osteoarthritis resulting in the loss of wrist function and seriously influence the patients' lives. Read More

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Comparative effect of two educational videos on self-efficacy and kinesiophobia in people with knee osteoarthritis: An online randomised controlled trial.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Centre for Health Exercise & Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: To compare change in self-efficacy for managing knee osteoarthritis (OA) pain and kinesiophobia after watching an educational video based on an empowerment and participatory discourse with a video based on a disease and impairment discourse.

Design: Two-arm randomised controlled trial with participants aged ≥45 years with knee pain (n=589). Participants completed both baseline and follow-up outcomes and watched one randomly-allocated video (12-minute duration) during one 30-45-minute session within a single online survey. Read More

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Phase-contrast enhanced synchrotron micro-tomography of human meniscus tissue.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Orthopedics, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of synchrotron radiation-based phase contrast enhanced micro-computed tomography (SR-PhC-μCT) for imaging of human meniscus. Quantitative parameters related to fiber orientation and crimping were evaluated as potential markers of tissue degeneration.

Design: Human meniscus specimens from 10 deceased donors were prepared using different preparation schemes: fresh frozen and thawed before imaging or fixed and paraffin-embedded. Read More

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Synovitis mediates the association between bone marrow lesions and knee pain in osteoarthritis: data from the Foundation for the National Institute of Health (FNIH) Osteoarthritis Biomarkers Consortium.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Clinical Research Centre, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China; Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Although subchondral bone marrow lesions (BMLs) and synovitis have been well acknowledged as important sources of pain in knee osteoarthritis (KOA), it is unclear if synovitis plays the mediating role in the relationship between BMLs and knee pain.

Methods: We analyzed 600 subjects with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the Foundation for National Institutes of Health Osteoarthritis Biomarkers Consortium (FNIH) cohort at baseline and 24-month. BMLs and synovitis were measured according to the MRI Osteoarthritis Knee Score (MOAKS) scoring system. Read More

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Evaluation of Anterior Coverage in Children With Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip Using Transverse Magnetic Resonance Imaging at 2 Years Is Predictive of Future Radiographic Coverage.

J Pediatr Orthop 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Tsukuba (Tsukuba Paediatric Orthopaedic Group).

Background: Although normal anterior acetabular coverage provides stability to the hip, acetabular retroversion leads to femoroacetabular impingement related to hip osteoarthritis. Previous studies have focused on acetabular version and anteroposterior coverage in children with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH); however, the correlation between anteroposterior coverage and acetabular development is unclear. We measured anteroposterior acetabular coverage in DDH patients using transverse magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and subsequent bony acetabular growth, and evaluated the correlation of those findings. Read More

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Coenzyme Q10 encapsulated in micelles ameliorates osteoarthritis by inhibiting inflammatory cell death.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(6):e0270351. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

The Rheumatism Research Center, Catholic Research Institute of Medical Science, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative joint disease and is characterized by breakdown of joint cartilage. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) exerts diverse biological effects on bone and cartilage; observational studies have suggested that CoQ10 may slow OA progression and inflammation. However, any effect of CoQ10 on OA remains unclear. Read More

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Ulnar nerve decompression with osteocapsular arthroplasty for primary elbow osteoarthritis.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2022 May-Aug;30(2):10225536221109914

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Uijeongbu Eulji Medical Center, 587171Eulji University School of Medicine, Uijeongbu, Korea.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to suggest treatment guidline for primary elbow OA with ulnar nerve neuropathy or high-grade stiffness by evaluating the effect of ulnar nerve decompression on the outcome of osteocapsular arthroplasty.

Methods: A total of 30 patients who underwent primary osteocapsular arthroplasty for elbow OA were retrospectively reviewed. The surgical outcomes were evaluated for pain score (visual analog scale; VAS), range of motion (ROM), and Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS). Read More

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Clinical and diagnostic imaging findings in a bengal tiger () with cervical spondylomyelopathy: A case report.

Rev Bras Med Vet 2022 12;44:e003921. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Veterinarian, PhD, Head of Opsedale Veterinario San Michele, Tavazzano con Villavesco, (LO), Italy.

An adult neutered male Bengal tiger () presented with abnormal gait. Neurological examination showed poor left ambulatory hemiparesis, spontaneous proprioceptive deficit in the left anterior limb, and decreased flexor reflex in the forelimbs. The neurological symptoms suggested a caudal cervical spinal cord lesion. Read More

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Assessment of the circulatory concentrations of cathepsin D, cathepsin K, and alpha-1 antitrypsin in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Ir J Med Sci 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Molecular Medicine Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.

Background: Evidence has shown that cysteine protease enzymes, such as cathepsin D, cathepsin A, cathepsin K, and alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) are involved in the chronic degenerative joint process. This study aimed to determine the potential involvement of cathepsin K, cathepsin D, and AAT in patients with osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods: This study was performed on 31 patients with knee OA and 29 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects (both with Fars ethnicity from Iran). Read More

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Surgical Resection Combined with Adjuvant Radiotherapy and Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in the Treatment of Heterotopic Ossification Following Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Acta Med Port 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Orthopaedics Department. Hospital José Joaquim Fernandes. Unidade Local de Saúde do Baixo Alentejo. Beja. Portugal.

Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a well-known complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA), with an average incidence of 30%. Patients are classified according to Brooker's staging system. In advanced stages (III and IV), HO may limit hip motion and cause intolerable pain. Read More

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The Prevalence of Tibiofemoral Knee Osteoarthritis Following Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy Is Variably Reported in General, and Over Time: A Systematic Review With a Minimum of 5-Year Follow-Up.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2022 Jun 25;4(3):e1203-e1218. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Physical Therapy, Long Island University, Brooklyn, New York.

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of tibiofemoral (TF) osteoarthritis (OA) following arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) with a minimum follow-up of 5 years, to explore the prevalence of symptomatic TF OA, and to identify potential risk factors for the development of TF OA following APM.

Methods: An electronic search was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL, Pedro, AMED, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov. Read More

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Same-day discharge after early mobilisation and increased frequency of physiotherapy following hip and knee arthroplasty.

S Afr J Physiother 2022 31;78(1):1755. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, South Africa.

Background: Advanced rehabilitation pathway (ARP) after hip and knee arthroplasties is popular globally and is gaining ground in South Africa (SA). A multidisciplinary team in Rustenburg, SA, has implemented an ARP with the first same-day discharge (SDD) from hospital. The lack of evidence of physiotherapy protocols within an ARP determined our study. Read More

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GSK3B Overexpression Alleviates Posttraumatic Osteoarthritis in Mice by Promoting DNMT1-Mediated Hypermethylation of NR4A3 Promoter.

Dis Markers 2022 14;2022:4185489. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of General Surgery, 1st Affiliated Hospital of Jin Zhou Medical University, Jinzhou, 121000, China.

Background: Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3B) is reported to be a protective factor for the degradation of chondrocytes by extracellular mechanisms. Nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 3 (NR4A3) is a proinflammatory factor in osteoarthritis. Their regulation mechanism in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is not fully understood. Read More

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Benefits of electroacupuncture and a swimming association when compared with isolated protocols in an osteoarthritis model.

J Tradit Complement Med 2022 Jul 23;12(4):375-383. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Postgraduate Program in Cellular and Molecular Biology for the Health Sciences, Lutheran University of Brazil, Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Background And Aim: Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by pain and inflammation. Electroacupuncture (EA) and swimming (SW) are non-pharmacological interventions recommended for treating OA. The study evaluated the benefits of electroacupuncture (EA) and swimming (SW) association when compared with isolated protocols in an OA rodent model. Read More

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Closed rupture of a flexor profundus tendon to the little finger caused by asymptomatic pisotriquetral osteoarthritis: A case required differentiation from the tendon rupture due to hamate bony irregularity by bone erosion.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2022 16;10:2050313X221104314. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan.

Carpal joint osteoarthritis and the formation of bony irregularities of the carpal bone cause closed flexor tendon ruptures. This report describes a case of a flexor profundus tendon closed rupture of the little finger due to asymptomatic pisotriquetral osteoarthritis in a 73-year-old woman, which required differentiation from tendon rupture due to hamate bony irregularity due to bone erosion. Computed tomography showed cortical bone irregularities of the hamate and the narrowing of the pisotriquetral joint space, and a bony spur on the radial side of the pisiform. Read More

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Intra-Articular Injections of Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stromal Cells vs. High Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid in Dogs With Osteoarthritis: Exploratory Data From a Double-Blind, Randomized, Prospective Clinical Trial.

Front Vet Sci 2022 7;9:890704. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Fort Collins, CO, United States.

This double-blind, randomized, prospective clinical trial was conducted to obtain exploratory data comparing the efficacy of intra-articular allogeneic mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) to high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA) for the treatment of pain associated with canine osteoarthritis (OA). Objective gait analysis (%Body Weight Distribution, %BWD), accelerometry, clinical metrology instruments and veterinary exams were used as outcome measures during various time points throughout the 48-week study period. Fourteen dogs with elbow or coxofemoral OA were enrolled and assigned in a 2:1 ratio to the treatment groups. Read More

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ACL Reconstruction Patients Have Increased Risk of Knee Arthroplasty at 15 Years of Follow-up: Data from the Norwegian Knee Ligament Register and the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register from 2004 to 2020.

JB JS Open Access 2022 Apr-Jun;7(2). Epub 2022 Jun 21.

The Norwegian Knee Ligament Register, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is considered a risk factor for osteoarthritis. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate the cumulative risk of, and risk factors associated with, a subsequent knee arthroplasty after an ACL reconstruction at up to 15 years of follow-up. The secondary aim was to compare the relative risk of knee arthroplasty after ACL reconstruction compared with that in the general population. Read More

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Thermosensitive Hydrogels and Advances in Their Application in Disease Therapy.

Polymers (Basel) 2022 Jun 12;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Academy of Military Sciences, Beijing 100850, China.

Thermosensitive hydrogels, having unique sol-gel transition properties, have recently received special research attention. These hydrogels exhibit a phase transition near body temperature. This feature is the key to their applications in human medicine. Read More

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Human Osteochondral Explants as an Ex Vivo Model of Osteoarthritis for the Assessment of a Novel Class of Orthobiologics.

Pharmaceutics 2022 Jun 10;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Biomedical Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, 20129 Milan, Italy.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent joint disease still lacking effective treatments. Its multifactorial etiology hampers the development of relevant preclinical models to evaluate innovative therapeutic solutions. In the last decade, the potential of Mesenchymal Stem Cell (MSC) secretome, or conditioned medium (CM), has emerged as an alternative to cell therapy. Read More

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Effect of Prehabilitation in Form of Exercise and/or Education in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty on Postoperative Outcomes-A Systematic Review.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 30;58(6). Epub 2022 May 30.

Klinik Für Muskuloskelettale und Internistische Rehabilitation, Rehabilitationszentrum Walenstadtberg, Kliniken Valens, 8881 Walenstadtberg, Switzerland.

: The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether prehabilitation before total hip arthroplasty, in the form of exercise therapy, education alone, or both together, improves postoperative outcomes, such as physical functioning, compared with no intervention. : A systematic literature search was performed in the online databases PubMed, PEDro and Cochrane Library using the following search keywords: "prehabilitation", "preoperative care", and "total hip replacement". : A total of 400 potentially relevant studies were identified. Read More

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An Evaluation of Jaw Tracking Movements in Patients with Total Joint Replacements versus a Control Group.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 30;58(6). Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Orthodontics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-0012, USA.

: One form of treatment for degenerative temporomandibular joint diseases such as osteoarthritis, rheumatic arthritis, TMJ ankylosis, and condylar resorption is total joint replacement. The aim of this study was to examine the function of the temporomandibular joint after prosthetic joint replacement. : Fifteen patients with unilateral or bilateral TMJ total joint replacements and 15 healthy controls were evaluated via a SICAT JMT+ device. Read More

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In Vitro Characterization of the Human Skeletal Stem Cell-like Properties of Primary Bone-Derived Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells in Patients with Late and Early Hip Osteoarthritis.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 15;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Askerceva 7, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Human skeletal stem cells (hSSCs) were recently identified as podoplanin (PDPN)/CD73/CD164-positive and CD146-negative cells that decline with age, and play a role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to identify the hSSC-like properties of bone-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) of patients with late and early OA. : First, we performed gene expression profiling for the hSSC markers in 32 patients with late and early OA, and donors without OA. Read More

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Serum Metabolomic Signatures for Knee Cartilage Volume Loss over 10 Years in Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 10;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Division of Biomedical Sciences (Genetics), Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1B 3V6, Canada.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent joint disorder characterized by joint structural pathological changes with the loss of articular cartilage as its hallmark. Tools that can predict cartilage loss would help identify people at high risk, thus preventing OA development. The recent advance of the metabolomics provides a new avenue to systematically investigate metabolic alterations in disease and identify biomarkers for early diagnosis. Read More

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Monocyte Chemotactic Proteins Mediate the Effects of Hyperglycemia in Chondrocytes: In Vitro Studies.

Life (Basel) 2022 Jun 3;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Musculoskeletal Disease Center, Research Service, VA Loma Linda Healthcare Systems, Loma Linda, CA 92357, USA.

Chemokines are secreted by a large variety of cells. They are involved in controlling cell trafficking, maturation, and differentiation. However, the specific responses and effects of chemokines on specific skeletal cell types under high glucose conditions have not been investigated. Read More

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