1,092 results match your criteria Osgood-Schlatter Disease Imaging


Current Management Strategies in Osgood Schlatter: A cross-sectional mixed method study.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Center for General Practice in Aalborg, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg East, Denmark.

Background: Osgood Schlatter (OS) is the most common knee condition in adolescent athletes aged 9-16. Without evidence to guide clinical practice it is unclear how OS is managed. The aim of this study is to investigate how international healthcare professionals (General Practitioners, Physiotherapists, Rheumatologists, Sports and Exercise Medicine Doctors and Orthopaedic Surgeons) diagnose and manage OS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13751DOI Listing

Osteochondroses of the bilateral metacarpal heads: Dieterich disease. A case report with review of the literature.

Clin Imaging 2020 May 29;67:7-10. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, St. Vincent's Medical Center at Hartford Healthcare, 2800 Main Street, Bridgeport, CT 06606, USA.

Osteochondroses is a well-known entity and typically affecting immature skeleton with few common locations involved are femoral head epiphysis, tibial tubercle apophysis, calcaneal apophysis, humeral capitellum and anterior vertebral end plates. We report a rare case of osteochondroses showing avascular necrosis involving metacarpal heads known as Dieterich disease, involving the head of the third metacarpal and probably the first case with a history of rock climbing as an etiology. Chronic repetitive microtrauma plays a significant role in the disease, as is seen in our patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.05.020DOI Listing

Chondroblastoma of the Distal Femur in an Adolescent.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2020 May;50(5):275

An 11-year-old female was referred to physical therapy due to a 3-month history of right medial knee pain. The patient's medical diagnosis was Osgood-Schlatter disease, based on radiographs obtained at the initial pediatrician consultation. An MRI scan was obtained 2 weeks after starting physical therapy and revealed a bony lesion near the medial condyle of the right femur and damage to medial joint structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2020.9021DOI Listing

MRI findings of intermediate cuneiform osteochondrosis as a rare cause of foot pain in a child.

Radiol Case Rep 2020 Jun 13;15(6):765-768. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Radiology, Hospital do Coração (HCor) and Teleimagem, Rua Desembargador Eliseu Guilherme, 53, 7th floor. CEP 04004-030, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Few cases of intermediate cuneiform osteochondrosis have been described in the literature. In this report we present a case of a 9-year-old boy with a 2-month history of right foot pain and edema, especially near the third metatarsal, without previous trauma. Also, there were no signs of inflammation, erythema, or fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2020.03.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7160385PMC

Description of a rare osteochondrosis lesion of the medial aspect of the distal intermediate ridge of the tibia in seven Thoroughbred horses (2008-2018).

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2020 May 5;61(3):285-290. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Hagyard Equine Medical Institute, Lexington, Kentucky.

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the distal intermediate ridge of the tibia (DIRT) is commonly identified on either the lateral to medial (LM) or dorso45°medial-plantarolateral oblique (D45M-PLO) projection of the tarsus. This manuscript describes a retrospective case series out of Hagyard Equine Medical Institute, for which medical records and radiographic projections of the tarsus were reviewed, consistent with Keeneland's repository requirements. This original investigation identified seven yearling Thoroughbred horses between 2008 and 2018 with radiographic signs of atypical osteochondrosis lesions within the tarsus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vru.12843DOI Listing

Increased Posterior Tibial Slope in Patients With Osgood-Schlatter Disease: A New Association.

Am J Sports Med 2020 03 31;48(3):642-646. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Division of Radiology & Imaging, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a traction apophysitis of the tibial tubercle caused by repetitive strain and chronic avulsion from the patellar tendon. No widely accepted anatomic risk factors have been associated with OSD.

Purpose: To determine if OSD is associated with increased posterior tibial slope (PTS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546519899894DOI Listing

Clinics in diagnostic imaging (202). Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD).

Singapore Med J 2019 Dec;60(12):610-615

Department of Radiology, Sengkang General Hospital, Singapore.

A 14-year-old boy presented with left anterior knee pain, which was aggravated by exercise and relieved by rest. On clinical examination, there was tenderness at the tibial tuberosity with reproducible pain on resisted active extension of the knee. Radiographs showed heterotopic ossification of the patellar tendon with irregularity and fragmentation of the tibial tubercle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11622/smedj.2019160DOI Listing
December 2019

Computed tomographic development of physeal osteochondrosis in pigs.

BMC Vet Res 2019 Dec 17;15(1):454. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Norsvin SA, Storhamargata 44, 2317, Hamar, Norway.

Background: Articular osteochondrosis follows a dynamic development pattern. Lesions arise, in incidence peaks compatible with failure of cartilage canal vessels during incorporation into bone, and can also resolve. Lesions that resolve before examination at a single time point will constitute false-negative diagnoses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-2163-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918712PMC
December 2019

Hemiepiphyseodesis for Juvenile and Adolescent Tibia Vara Utilizing Percutaneous Transphyseal Screws.

J Pediatr Orthop 2020 Jan;40(1):17-22

Shriners Hospital for Children, Springfield, MA.

Background: In juvenile and adolescent tibia vara patients with sufficient growth remaining, implant-controlled hemiepiphyseodesis, or guided growth, can be used to correct deformity. Recent reports have described hardware failure of certain hemiepiphyseodesis implants in overweight patients with tibia vara. We describe our experience using transphyseal screws to correct deformity in this patient population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001067DOI Listing
January 2020

Imaging of osteochondrosis.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 11 4;49(12):1610-1616. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

New York Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, 622 W. 168th St., New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Osteochondrosis is an abnormality of the epiphyses or epiphyseal equivalents (round bones and apophyses) during later stages of endochondral ossification. This process of abnormal endochondral ossification can occur at various locations throughout the body. The pathogenesis of osteochondrosis is under active investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04556-5DOI Listing
November 2019

Evaluation criteria for the assessment of occupational diseases of the lumbar spine - how reliable are they?

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Oct 27;20(1):485. Epub 2019 Oct 27.

Department of Orthopaedics, Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: In 2005, the German Association of Occupational Accident Insurance Funds (DGUV) defined radiological evaluation criteria for the assessment of degenerative occupational diseases of the lumbar spine. These include the measurement of intervertebral osteochondrosis and classification of vertebral osteosclerosis, antero-lateral and posterior spondylosis, and spondyloarthritis via plain radiography. The measures currently remain in daily use for determining worker compensation among those with occupational diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2878-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6815376PMC
October 2019
1 Read

Perspective on Idiopathic Subchondral, Osteochondral, and Chondral Lesions with Emphasis on the Knee.

Authors:
Wolfgang Fischer

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019 Oct 25;23(5):534-546. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Hessingpark-Clinic, MRI Department, Germany.

Subchondral, osteochondral, and chondral lesions of unknown cause are often encountered, especially in the knee joint. These are mainly idiopathic bone marrow edema syndrome, osteochondrosis dissecans, and cartilage delaminations. The literature on these diseases is sparse and often confusing and inconsistent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1693978DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

Osteonecrosis of the Upper Extremity: MRI-Based Zonal Patterns and Differential Diagnosis.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019 Oct 25;23(5):523-533. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Department of Radiology, Rhön-Klinikum AG, Bad Neustadt, Germany.

Regarding the upper extremity, osteonecrosis can relate to the humeral head and to any carpal bone, most commonly the lunate (Kienböck's disease), scaphoid (Preiser's disease and nonunion), and capitate bone (osteonecrosis of the capitate head). In children and adolescents, osteochondrosis is an important differential diagnosis at the epiphyses. Appropriate imaging of osteonecrosis depends on knowledge about blood supply, biomechanical load, and bone repair mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1695719DOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads

[Degenerative intervertebral disc processes : Current aspects of diagnosis].

Radiologe 2019 Oct;59(10):925-938

Neuroradiologie, Institut für Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Winterthur, Schweiz.

Starting with the smallest functional unit, the spinal segment including the centrally located intervertebral disc, the spine and pelvis including the sacroiliac and hip joints form a functional unit. The discs play an important role in the complex interaction between disc, osseous and ligamentous structures and the adjacent muscles. Disc pathologies are very frequently associated with changes of the adjacent endplates of the vertebral bodies and can be depicted at an early stage using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-019-00595-zDOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

Benign bone tumours of tibial tuberosity clinically mimicking Osgood-Schlatter disease: a case series.

Int Orthop 2019 11 11;43(11):2563-2568. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Bone and Joint Reconstruction Research Center, Shafa Orthopedic Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR, Iran.

Introduction: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a traction apophysitis of the tibial tubercle and a common cause of anterior knee pain in growing adolescents. A variety of benign neoplasms can also cause bony prominence over the tibial tubercle in adolescents that might clinically imitate OSD. Therefore, the differential diagnosis of tumours mimicking OSD is critical and considered the primary goal of this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-019-04397-9DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

A new and simplified comprehensive ultrasound protocol of haemophilic joints: the Universal Simplified Ultrasound (US-US) protocol.

Clin Radiol 2019 Nov 29;74(11):897.e9-897.e16. Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Haematology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

Aim: To present a new protocol to optimise ultrasound (US) assessment of haemophilic arthropathy.

Materials And Methods: Ultrasound of haemophilic arthropathy joints was performed using three different ultrasound protocols, namely, the Toronto-Vellore Comprehensive Ultrasound (TVC-US) protocol, the Haemophilia Early Arthropathy Detection with Ultrasound (HEAD-US), and the newly developed Universal Simplified Ultrasound (US-US) protocol. Synovial hypertrophy, haemosiderin deposition, effusion, erosion, and cartilage loss were evaluated in 20 joints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2019.07.018DOI Listing
November 2019

Anterior tibial artery occlusion post total knee arthroplasty: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jul;98(29):e16503

Rationale: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a globally well-accepted surgery because of its good outcome and safety. Although TKA-associated arterial injuries occur, postoperative anterior tibial artery (ATA) occlusion has not been reported yet. Herein, we present a case of ATA occlusion after TKA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000016503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6708939PMC
July 2019
4 Reads

Idiopathic Genu Valgum and Its Association With Obesity in Children and Adolescents.

J Pediatr Orthop 2019 Aug;39(7):347-352

Shriners Hospitals for Children.

Background: Obesity as a cause of lower extremity deformity in children has been well established. This deformity is most often seen as tibia vara, however, at our institution we have observed more obese children and adolescents over age 7 years with excessive or progressive idiopathic genu valgum. Our hypothesis is that children with idiopathic genu valgum have high rates of obesity which impact the severity of their disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000000971DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Medial Metaphyseal Slope as a Predictor of Recurrence in Blount Disease.

Orthop Surg 2019 Jun;11(3):474-480

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: This study was aimed to find the radiographic parameter predicting recurrence of stage 2 Blount's disease.

Method: We retrospectively reviewed radiographs of 82 legs from 49 patients diagnosed with stage 2 Blount's disease by Langenskiöld classification who had failed brace treatment and underwent valgus osteotomy between 1998 to 2016. Age ranged from 26 to 47 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/os.12491DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6595116PMC
June 2019
5 Reads

Autologous osteochondral transplantation method of treatment for patellar osteochondral lesions.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 May-Aug;27(2):2309499019851620

2 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: This study evaluated the functional and clinical outcomes of the subjects with symptomatic osteochondral lesions on articular surface of patella, who were treated with autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) method.

Study Plan: AOT method was applied for the treatment of 14 subjects (eight men and six women; mean age 29.7 years; range 19-49 years) with symptomatic patellar osteochondral lesions between March 2008 and April 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019851620DOI Listing
March 2020
5 Reads

Evaluation of the Suitability of Miniature Pigs as an Animal Model of Juvenile Osteochondritis Dissecans.

J Orthop Res 2019 10 18;37(10):2130-2137. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD) is a developmental disease characterized by formation of intra-articular (osteo)chondral flaps or fragments. Evidence-based treatment guidelines for JOCD are currently lacking. An animal model would facilitate study of JOCD and evaluation of diagnostic and treatment approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jor.24353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739150PMC
October 2019
8 Reads

Apophysitis and Osteochondrosis: Common Causes of Pain in Growing Bones.

Am Fam Physician 2019 05;99(10):610-618

Fairview Sports and Orthopedic Care, Blaine, MN, USA.

Apophysitis and osteochondrosis are common causes of pain in growing bones but have differing etiologies and required management. Apophysitis results from a traction injury to the cartilage and bony attachment of tendons in children and adolescents. Most often it is an overuse injury in children who are growing and have tight or inflexible muscle tendon units. Read More

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May 2019
9 Reads

A comparative evaluation of tibial metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle changes between physiologic bowing and Blount disease.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(17):e15349

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The purpose of this study was to estimate the rate of spontaneous improvement in tibial metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle (TMDA) in physiologic bowing in comparison to that in Blount disease and to provide reference values of TMDA for monitoring patients with highly suspected to have Blount disease.We retrospectively reviewed patients with physiologic bowing meeting the following criteria:(1) TMDA greater than 9° before 36 months of age at initial evaluation;(2) two or more standing long bone radiographs available; and(3) follow-up conducted up to resolution of deformity.Patients with Blount disease had(1) more than 2 standing long bone radiographs obtained before 36 months of age and(2) underwent no treatment during the period in which these images were obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6831111PMC
April 2019
8 Reads

Curve patterns deserve attention when determining the optimal distal fusion level in correction surgery for Scheuermann kyphosis.

Spine J 2019 09 12;19(9):1529-1539. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Spine Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Background Context: The surgical strategy to decide distal fusion level for Scheuermann kyphosis (SK) is controversial. Some spinal surgeons advocate that instrumentation should end at the first lordotic vertebra (FLV), whereas others recommend extending spinal fusion to the sagittal stable vertebra (SSV). Scheuermann kyphosis has two curve patterns: Scheuermann thoracic kyphosis (STK), with the curve apex above or at T10; and Scheuermann thoracolumbar kyphosis (STLK), with the curve apex below T10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2019.04.007DOI Listing
September 2019
10 Reads

Not just for boys: a rare case of symptomatic Osgood-Schlatter disease in a skeletally mature woman.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 26;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Medicine, Tripler Army Medical Center, Tripler, Hawaii, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228963DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453305PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Persisting Isolated Metacarpal Swelling and Pain in Adolescence: Consider Osteochondrosis.

J Pediatr 2019 Jun 8;209:256-256.e1. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy; Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.01.033DOI Listing
June 2019
9 Reads

Fragmentation of the dorsal distal aspect of the talus on weanling survey and pre-sale radiographs of juvenile Thoroughbreds: prevalence and 2- and 3-year-olds racing performance.

Aust Vet J 2019 Mar 17;97(3):68-74. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Hwy, Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia.

Background: Fragmentation of the dorsal aspect of the distal talus (FDDT), at the dorsolateral articular margin of the proximal intertarsal joint (PITJ) on pre-sale radiographs of yearling Thoroughbreds has not been previously described and data to support decisions made by veterinarians to predict future racing potential of horses with these lesions are lacking.

Methods: In this retrospective case-control study we aimed to determine the prevalence of FDDT in juvenile Thoroughbreds and to report their race records. From a database of survey and repository radiographic examinations of 5709 horses, 36 with FDDT were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12787DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Scheuermann's disease in patients 15-40 years old: A study to determine its prevalence and its relationship with age and sex using chest radiographs as screening tool.

J Orthop Sci 2019 Sep 23;24(5):776-779. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Pontificia, Universidad Catolica de Chile, Chile.

Background: There is insufficient knowledge of the epidemiology of Scheuermann's disease. The data available comes from estimations from young adults with obvious deformity, from studies evaluating children who may not have developed the deformity yet, or from older populations who can develop vertebral wedging secondary to other causes. We aimed to determine the prevalence of Scheuermann's disease in patients 15-40 years old using plain chest radiographs as a screening tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2018.12.024DOI Listing
September 2019

How to Optimize Axial Correction Without Altering Thoracic Sagittal Alignment in Hybrid Constructs With Sublaminar Bands: Description of the "Frame" Technique.

Spine Deform 2019 03;7(2):245-253

Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Robert Debré Hospital, AP-HP, Paris Diderot University, 48 Bd Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France.

Study Design: Retrospective monocentric database study.

Objectives: To describe the "frame" reduction technique and report the 3D quantitative analysis of postoperative corrections in a consecutive series of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients.

Summary Of Background Data: Posteromedial translation technique using sublaminar bands have been proved to be efficient and safe for 3D correction of the deformity and overall cosmetic aspect of the trunk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2018.08.013DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Repair of Patellar Tendon Avulsion from the Tibial Tubercle: Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2019 ;9(5):26-30

Department of Orthopaedics, Mammoth Orthopedic Institute, PO Box 660, Mammoth Lakes, California 93546, U.S.A.

Introduction: Pre-existing conditions and surgical interventions, such as those associated with Osgood-Schlatter disease, can lead to atypical patellar tendon ruptures. These cases can present irregularly and be challenging to diagnose. Patellar tendon rupture from the tibial tubercle insertion region is a rare, and currently undocumented condition, requiring surgical intervention to restore knee joint functionality for daily activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1518DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7276613PMC
January 2019

[Problems of the diagnosis and treatment of compression neuropathy of the median nerve: an analysis of typical medical practice].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018;118(11):30-34

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I.M. Sechenov First Moscow StateMedical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: An analysis of typical medical errors in the diagnosis and treatment of compression neuropathy of the median nerve at the level of the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome - CTS).

Material And Methods: Previous diagnoses and treatment of 85 patients with CTS (14 men and 71 women), aged from 36 to 84 years (middle age 62±10.6 years), who underwent surgery in our clinics were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201811811130DOI Listing
June 2019
11 Reads

Is There a Relationship between Patellofemoral Alignment and Osgood-Schlatter Disease? A Case-Control Study.

J Knee Surg 2020 Jan 21;33(1):67-72. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Orthopaedics, Adana City Research and Education Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

This study was aimed to investigate the role of anatomic variations in patellofemoral alignment in patients with or without Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) and to determine the potential anatomic risk factors that may play role in the etiology. This prospective observational case-control study was conducted on two groups of adolescent patients. Group 1 comprised patients who were diagnosed as having OSD and group 2 consisted of an equal number of age-matched patients who presented to the outpatient clinic with traumatic knee injury and underwent knee radiographic examination but without a diagnosis of OSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676523DOI Listing
January 2020
10 Reads

Increased Patellar Volume/Width and Decreased Femoral Trochlear Width Are Associated With Adolescent Patellofemoral Pain.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 12;476(12):2334-2343

R. M. Smith. F. T. Sheehan, Functional and Applied Biomechanics, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA B. P. Boden MD, The Orthopaedic Center, Rockville, MD, USA.

Background: Patellofemoral pain is one of the most common forms of knee arthralgia in adolescent females. Unlike in adults, in whom the etiology of patellofemoral pain is considered to be multifactorial (eg, altered bone shape and musculoskeletal dynamics), the etiology of adolescent patellofemoral pain has been historically attributed to overuse. Although it is highly plausible that adolescent patellofemoral pain results from excessive maltracking, as suggested by recent research, an increase in patellar, relative to femoral, size could also contribute to patellofemoral pain through altered cartilage stresses/strains, resulting in overloading of the subchondral bone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000499DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6259899PMC
December 2018
36 Reads

Pediatric musculoskeletal ultrasound: a pictorial essay.

J Ultrasound 2019 Dec 9;22(4):491-502. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Ultrasound (US) is the main imaging modality for the evaluation of pediatric patients with musculoskeletal diseases; particularly, it is an appropriate and reliable tool for diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of several musculoskeletal pathologies affecting the pediatric age. High-frequency (10-15 MHz) and high-resolution probes provide very lofty quality images, allowing a detailed study of the pediatric musculoskeletal system. Among the well-known advantages of this technique-such as the absence of ionizing radiations, its low cost and wide availability-US can as well rely on some intrinsic characteristics of the pediatric musculoskeletal system that can improve its diagnostic capability. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40477-018-0337-y
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-018-0337-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6838277PMC
December 2019
48 Reads

Scheuermann's Kyphosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Selecting Fusion Levels.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019 May;27(10):e462-e472

From the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY (Dr. Sardar and Dr. Lenke), and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA (Dr. Ames).

Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK) is a rigid structural deformity of the thoracic spine defined radiographically as three or more contiguous vertebrae with at least 5° of wedging anteriorly. Prevalence of the disease is thought to be between 0.4% and 10%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00748DOI Listing
May 2019
53 Reads

Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans of the knee is a result of failure of the blood supply to growth cartilage and osteochondrosis.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2018 12 21;26(12):1691-1698. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD) is similar to osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) in animals, which is the result of failure of the cartilage canal blood supply, ischemic chondronecrosis and delayed ossification, or osteochondrosis. The aim of the current study was to determine if osteochondrosis lesions occur at predilection sites for JOCD in children.

Method: Computed tomographic (CT) scans of 23 knees (13 right, 10 left) from 13 children (9 male, 4 female; 1 month to 11 years old) were evaluated for lesions consisting of focal, sharply demarcated, uniformly hypodense defects in the ossification front. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2018.06.019DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Acute presentation of Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease simulating patella sleeve fracture: A case report.

Authors:
Nabil Alassaf

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2018 10;6:2050313X18799242. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Surgical Specialties, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Diagnosis of Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease may not be an easy task. Several sport-related conditions affect the distal pole of the patella in the adolescent, and treatment varies considerably. The article describes a patient that had radiographic features of Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease associated with an atypical acute presentation. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2050313X18799242
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X18799242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131294PMC
September 2018
8 Reads

Arthroscopic near infrared spectroscopy enables simultaneous quantitative evaluation of articular cartilage and subchondral bone in vivo.

Sci Rep 2018 09 7;8(1):13409. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Arthroscopic assessment of articular tissues is highly subjective and poorly reproducible. To ensure optimal patient care, quantitative techniques (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-31670-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6128946PMC
September 2018
19 Reads

Incidence and characteristics of juvenile tarsocrural osteochondrosis in purebred Angus bulls.

Vet J 2018 07 21;237:34-36. Epub 2018 May 21.

Department of Environmental Health and Radiological Health Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, 300 W. Drake Rd., Campus Delivery 1620, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1620, USA. Electronic address:

Osteochondrosis (OC) of the bovine tarsus has been suggested to contribute to osteoarthritis. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to provide data specific to the Angus breed. Clinical and radiographic exams evaluating OC lesions, effusion and osteoarthritis were performed in 50 purebred bull calves at three time points between 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.05.006DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Headache in transient ischemic attacks.

J Headache Pain 2018 Jul 27;19(1):60. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Danish Headache Center, Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet-Glostrup, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Headache is a common feature in acute cerebrovascular disease but no studies have evaluated the prevalence of specific headache types in patients with transient ischemic attacks (TIA). The purpose of the present study was to analyze all headaches within the last year and the last week before TIA and at the time of TIA.

Methods: Eligible patients with TIA (n = 120, mean age 56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s10194-018-0888-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6063808PMC
July 2018
41 Reads

Serum levels of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP are decreased in patients with an endemic osteochondropathy, Kashin-Beck disease.

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 May 29;13(1):128. Epub 2018 May 29.

Institute for Kashin-Beck Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Background: Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is an endemic, chronic, degenerative osteoarthropathy. KBD is usually diagnosed by using X-ray image and clinical symptoms, lacking of serological biomarkers. The serum level of PIICP, PIIANP, and PIIBNP can specifically reflect the damage of the cartilage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-018-0840-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5975620PMC
May 2018
22 Reads
1.577 Impact Factor

Posterior-only versus combined anterior/posterior fusion in Scheuermann disease: a large retrospective study.

Eur Spine J 2018 09 19;27(9):2322-2330. Epub 2018 May 19.

Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint-Joseph, 185, rue Raymond Losserand, 75014, Paris, France.

Purpose: The literature shows controversies concerning surgical treatment of Scheuermann's kyphosis between posterior-only fixation and combined anterior/posterior fusion. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical and radiological results and the rate of complications between these two techniques.

Methods: We performed a multicentric retrospective review of 131 patients who underwent primary fusion for Scheuermann's kyphosis divided into two groups: 67 patients operated via posterior approach only and 64 operated via combined anterior/posterior approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5633-xDOI Listing
September 2018
20 Reads

Partial Hemiresurfacing of Osteochondral Defects of the Talus? Surgical Technique and Preliminary Report from Four Patients.

Z Orthop Unfall 2018 08 26;156(4):414-422. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Medizinische Fakultät, Essen.

Background: Osteochondral lesions of the medial talus (OLT) frequently lead to chronic ankle pain and osteoarthritis. Arthroscopic debridement, subchondral bone stimulation by drilling, and microfracturing are options for primary therapy in small lesions. In larger lesions, restoration of the talar dome contour seems to be a mandatory course of action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0044-100731DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

[Successful Antibiotic Treatment of Lumbar Pain].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2018 Apr;107(9-10):535-544

1 Medbase St. Gallen, Am Vadianplatz, St. Gallen.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a002965DOI Listing
April 2018
12 Reads

Osgood-Schlatter Disease.

N Engl J Med 2018 Mar;378(11):e15

Government Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMicm1711831DOI Listing
March 2018
38 Reads

Treatment of Osteochondrosis Dissecans of the Canine Stifle Using Synthetic Osteochondral Resurfacing.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2018 Feb 13;31(2):144-152. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Department of Orthopaedics and Neurology, Fitzpatrick Referrals, Eashing, Surrey, United Kingdom.

Objective:  This article aimed to describe the use and evolution of a synthetic osteochondral resurfacing (SOR) implant in the treatment of osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) of the femoral condyle and to report the clinical, radiographic, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging outcomes of this technique.

Methods:  Medical records of dogs that were treated with first-generation (G1) and second-generation (G2) SOR at a single institute were reviewed. Surgical reports and clinical examinations as well as the preoperative, postoperative, and follow-up radiographs, computed tomographic images and magnetic resonance imaging images were reviewed. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.3415/VCOT-17-02-0035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3415/VCOT-17-02-0035DOI Listing
February 2018
67 Reads

Normal imaging laterality on magnetic resonance imaging of the medial epicondyle of the elbow on the dominant side of adolescent male baseball players.

Skeletal Radiol 2018 Sep 9;47(9):1237-1244. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

Objective: Multimodality elbow screening of adolescent baseball players shows apparent laterality in morphology and signal intensity of the medial epicondyle on dedicated magnetic resonance imaging. We aimed to elucidate actual imaging laterality in the medial epicondyle by comparing magnetic resonance images of the dominant and contradominant elbows and to clarify the clinical meaning and mechanism of this phenomenon.

Materials And Methods: We used a 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-018-2921-9DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Blount disease.

Authors:
Marc Janoyer

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2019 02 23;105(1S):S111-S121. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Service de chirurgie infantile, CHU de Martinique, Maison de la femme de la mère et de l'enfant, boîte postale 632, 97261 Fort-de-France cedex, Martinique. Electronic address:

Blount disease is an asymmetrical disorder of proximal tibial growth that produces a three-dimensional deformity. Tibia vara is the main component of the deformity. Blount disease exists as two clinical variants, infantile or early-onset, and adolescent or late-onset, defined based on whether the first manifestations develop before or after 10 years of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2018.01.009DOI Listing
February 2019
77 Reads

[Cartilage repair therapies of the talus].

MMW Fortschr Med 2017 Sep;159(16):46-48

Zentrum für Fuß- und Sprunggelenkchirurgie, Schön Klinik München Harlaching, Harlachinger Str. 51, D-81347, München, Deutschland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15006-017-0065-9DOI Listing
September 2017
26 Reads

Reciprocal Changes in Sagittal Alignment With Operative Treatment of Adolescent Scheuermann Kyphosis-Prospective Evaluation of 96 Patients.

Spine Deform 2018 Mar - Apr;6(2):177-184

Rady Children's Hospital San Diego, 3020 Children's Way, San Diego, CA 92123, USA.

Introduction: Sagittal alignment abnormalities in Scheuermann kyphosis (SK) strongly correlate with quality of life measures. The changes in spinopelvic parameters after posterior spinal fusion have not been adequately studied. This study is to evaluate the reciprocal changes in spinopelvic parameters following surgical correction for SK. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2017.07.001DOI Listing
December 2018
38 Reads