1,182 results match your criteria Osgood-Schlatter Disease Imaging


Naturally occurring osteochondrosis latens lesions identified by quantitative and morphological 10.5 T MRI in pigs.

J Orthop Res 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (JOCD) is a pediatric orthopedic disorder that involves the articular-epiphyseal cartilage complex and underlying bone. Clinical disease is often characterized by the presence of radiographically apparent osteochondral flaps and fragments. The existence of early JOCD lesions (osteochondrosis latens [OCL] and osteochondrosis manifesta [OCM]) that precede the development of osteochondral flaps and fragments is also well recognized. Read More

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Assessment of Quality of Life for Scheuermann's Kyphosis Patients with Cobb's Angle 50°-65° Treated Conservatively or Surgically in North Jordan: A Prospective Comparative Study.

Clin Orthop Surg 2022 Jun 3;14(2):244-252. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Scheuermann's disease is the most common cause of hyperkyphosis of the thoracic spine during the adolescence period. It causes neck and lower back pain, restriction of lung expansion, traction of the spinal cord, increased vulnerability to vertebral fracture, and a hump. Patients with curves < 60° are treated conservatively, while surgery is used for patients with curves > 60°. Read More

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Bursoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Ossicle Resection for Osgood-Schlatter Disease.

Arthrosc Tech 2022 May 22;11(5):e841-e846. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, Japan.

Osgood-Schlatter disease commonly affects physically active adolescents. It is a common cause of anterior knee pain and inflammation in this population. Its symptoms typically subside with conservative therapy. Read More

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Ultrasound screening protocol for osteochondrosis at selected predilection sites in thoroughbred yearlings.

Ir Vet J 2022 Apr 27;75(1). Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Equine Clinical Studies, Diagnostic Imaging and Anaesthesia, School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Osteochondrosis is a common condition of young horses where there is a failure of endochondral ossification, usually at predisposed sites. The estimated prevalence of osteochondrosis is 33-44%, with radiographic screening of yearlings being used to identify lesions. Radiography has two major limitations: poor sensitivity in detecting cartilaginous lesions and secondly, the exposure of the horse and personnel to ionising radiation. Read More

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A systematic review evaluating the use of ultrasound in the identification of osteochondrosis in horses.

Vet J 2022 04 2;282:105825. Epub 2022 Apr 2.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Osteochondrosis is commonly encountered in young horses, with welfare, performance, and economic effects. Consequently, pre-purchase radiographic screening for osteochondrosis is routinely performed. Ultrasonographic examination of articular cartilage and osteochondrosis lesions are described in the literature with many case series or single case reports published. Read More

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Distribution Patterns of Degeneration of the Lumbar Spine in a Cohort of 200 Patients with an Indication for Lumbar MRI.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 03 21;19(6). Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Competence Center for Epidemiology and Health Services Research for Healthcare Professionals (CVcare), Institute for Health Services Research in Dermatology and Nursing (IVDP), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), 20246 Hamburg, Germany.

Lower back pain is one of the most common causes of a reduced quality of life. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the best suited imaging technique to detect causes of that pain. We retrospectively evaluated the MRIs of the lumbar spine for 200 patients in order to describe the distribution of signs of degeneration with regard to age, sex, and position of the disc affected. Read More

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Osgood-Schlatter Disease in youth elite football: Minimal time-loss and no association with clinical and ultrasonographic factors.

Phys Ther Sport 2022 May 9;55:98-105. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Academic Center for Evidence-Based Sports Medicine (ACES), Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Aspetar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar; The Sports Physician Group, OLVG, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Osgood-Schlatter Disease is the most common cause of knee pain in youth. Scientific research in youth elite football is limited.

Objectives: To assess clinical and ultrasonographic factors associated with Osgood-Schlatter Disease and calculate point prevalence of clinical diagnosis and time-loss in youth elite male football. Read More

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[Scheuermann's disease].

Orthopade 2022 Apr 15;51(4):339-348. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Klinik für Orthopädie (Friedrichsheim), Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Marienburgstr. 2, 60528, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

Scheuermann's disease represents the second most common deformity of the growing spine after the various forms of scoliosis. In cases of early diagnosis and mild kyphotic deformity conservative treatment with a brace and physiotherapy shows very good results; however, in cases of neurologic deficits, curve progression despite conservative treatment and increasing pain symptoms with a Stagnara angle of more than 70-75°, surgical treatment is meaningful. The surgical strategy can include posterior spondylodesis with prior anterior release or posterior instrumentation with posterior column osteotomy depending on the surgeon's experience. Read More

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Imaging Review of Normal and Abnormal Skeletal Maturation.

Radiographics 2022 May-Jun;42(3):861-879. Epub 2022 Feb 25.

From the Divisions of Musculoskeletal Radiology (A.C.d.L.A., P.C.K.G., M.A.F.C., A.C.O.R., L.C.P., A.Y.A.) and Pediatric Radiology (M.S.T., T.D.G.), Laboratório Delboni Auriemo, DASA, São Paulo, Brazil; Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil (A.C.d.L.A., A.Y.A.); Department of Radiology, St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada (D.V.F.); Department of Medical Imaging, Hematology and Clinical Oncology Ribeirão Preto Medical School, USP Ribeirão Preto, Brazil (M.H.N.B.); and Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Missouri Health Care, Columbia, Mo (M.H.N.B.).

The growing skeleton undergoes well-described and predictable normal developmental changes, which may be misinterpreted a as pathologic condition at imaging. Primary and secondary ossification centers (SOCs), which form the diaphysis and the epiphysis of long bones, respectively, are formed by endochondral and intramembranous ossification processes. During skeletal maturation, the SOCs may appear irregular and fragmented, which should not be confused with fractures, osteochondritis dissecans, and osteochondrosis. Read More

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Comparative Evaluation of the Radiographic Parameters for Screening Early Blount Disease.

J Pediatr Orthop 2022 Apr;42(4):e343-e348

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Radiographic findings in young children with physiological bowing sometimes difficult to distinguish from early Blount disease. However, early diagnosis of the disease is critical because of the poor treatment outcomes for Blount disease. In this study, we aim to evaluate the accuracy of the metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle (MDA) compared with the medial metaphyseal beak (MMB) angle for differentiating between physiological bowing and early Blount disease and to determine which parameter to adequately screen for the subsequent development of Blount disease. Read More

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Hyperextension-distraction fractures in ankylosing and spondylotic spines: injury profile and treatment results.

Int Orthop 2022 04 20;46(4):889-895. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Orthopedics - Division of Spine Surgery, Hospital del Trabajador, Santiago, Chile.

Study Design: Case series study.

Purpose: To describe demographic metrics, and clinical and radiographical outcomes of surgical treatment in patients with ankylosed spine (ASP) such as diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) or ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-ankylosed spines (NAS) suffering from hyperextension-distraction spine fractures.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with hyperextension-distraction fractures between 2012 and 2020 were identified. Read More

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Proton Density Fat Fraction Spine MRI for Differentiation of Erosive Vertebral Endplate Degeneration and Infectious Spondylitis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Dec 30;12(1). Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Bonn, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, 53127 Bonn, Germany.

Vertebral Modic type 1 (MT1) degeneration may mimic infectious disease on conventional spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), potentially leading to additional costly and invasive investigations. This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of the proton density fat fraction (PDFF) for distinguishing MT1 degenerative endplate changes from infectious spondylitis. A total of 31 and 22 patients with equivocal diagnosis of MT1 degeneration and infectious spondylitis, respectively, were retrospectively enrolled in this IRB-approved retrospective study and examined with a chemical-shift encoding (CSE)-based water-fat 3D six-echo modified Dixon sequence in addition to routine clinical spine MRI. Read More

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December 2021

Osteochondrosis and other lesions in all intervertebral, articular process and rib joints from occiput to sacrum in pigs with poor back conformation, and relationship to juvenile kyphosis.

BMC Vet Res 2022 Jan 18;18(1):44. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Norsvin SA, Storhamargata 44, 2317, Hamar, Norway.

Background: Computed tomography (CT) is used to evaluate body composition and limb osteochondrosis in selection of breeding boars. Pigs also develop heritably predisposed abnormal curvature of the spine including juvenile kyphosis. It has been suggested that osteochondrosis-like changes cause vertebral wedging and kyphosis, both of which are identifiable by CT. Read More

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January 2022

Incidence and management of Osgood-Schlatter disease in general practice: retrospective cohort study.

Br J Gen Pract 2022 04 31;72(717):e301-e306. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of General Practice, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a non-traumatic knee problem that is primarily observed in sports-active children and adolescents aged 8-15 years.

Aim: To determine the incidence of OSD and to gain an insight into the management of children and adolescents with OSD in general practice.

Design And Setting: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a healthcare database containing full electronic health records of over 200 000 patients in general practice in and around the Dutch city of Rotterdam. Read More

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Therapeutic interventions in Osgood-Schlatter disease: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Dec;100(50):e28257

Institute of Sport Sciences, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.

Rationale: The purpose of this case study was to identify factors of bilateral etiopathogenesis of Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) and those supporting the effectiveness of the therapeutic process in a 12-year-old elite female Olympic karateka.

Patient Concerns: The present case study concerns OSD female karateka who started her sport-specific training at the age of 4 years.

Diagnoses: The results of subjective palpation by the orthopedic surgeon and objective medical examination using ultrasonography, wall slide test, magnetic resonance imaging, and body height and weight measurements were collected. Read More

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December 2021

[Prevalence of metatarsal growth plate lesions in Swiss fattening bulls].

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2021 Nov;164(11):709-720

Wiederkäuerklinik, Vetsuisse-Fakultät, Universität Bern.

Introduction: The prevalence of osteochondral changes in the metatarsal growth plates of fattening bulls was investigated. Plantarodorsal radiographic views of the metatarsal region of 204 hind legs from 102 slaughtered fattening bulls were taken. Radiographic lesions in metatarsal growth plates were confirmed in selected cases using computed tomography (n=14) and histology (n=6). Read More

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November 2021

Percutaneous hemiepiphysiodesis using transphyseal screws for adolescent tibia vara.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2022 Mar;31(2):127-133

Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo.

Hemiepiphysiodesis around the knee is becoming the mainstay procedure in adolescents for a wide range of aetiological deformities, when considering adolescent tibia vara (ATV), the published series have variable results. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with the percutaneous transphyseal screw (PETS) in these patients followed until bone maturity. We analysed the charts from 13 patients (20 knees) that underwent lateral tibial hemiepiphysiodesis using PETS. Read More

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A History of Eponyms in Traction Apophysitises.

Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) 2021 ;79(3):200-204

Traction apophysitises are a well-known entity in the orthopedic world that are generally thought of as conditions of the pediatric population secondary to overuse and repetitive microtrauma. Many have been named for their original descriptors, and therefore the purpose of this review is to highlight the backgrounds of these physicians, pay tribute to those who came before, and standardize the definitions of these oft-used eponyms. Iselin's disease, Little League Elbow, Osgood-Schlatter disease, Sever's disease, and Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease will be discussed in brief, followed by a historical background presenting the original description of the named author as well as a short biography. Read More

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October 2021

Long-term outcome after surgical treatment of Scheuermann's Kyphosis (SK).

Spine Deform 2022 03 17;10(2):387-397. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Park Hospital, Nottingham, UK.

Study Design: A retrospective observational cohort study with a minimum follow-up of 10 years of patients who underwent surgery for Scheurmann Kyphosis (SK).

Objective: Evaluate the long-term clinical and radiological outcome of patients with SK who either underwent combined anterior-posterior surgery or posterior instrumented fusion alone. There is paucity of literature for long-term outcome studies on SK. Read More

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Muscle stiffness of the rectus femoris and vastus lateralis in children with Osgood-Schlatter disease.

Knee 2021 Oct 7;32:140-147. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Graduate School of Education, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan.

Background: The relevance of the mechanical properties of muscles in relation to Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) remains unclear. The present study aimed to examine rectus femoris (RF) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscle stiffness in children with OSD.

Methods: A total of 28 legs affected by OSD and 26 legs without OSD were assessed. Read More

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October 2021

Computed tomography findings in a cohort of 169 dogs with elbow dysplasia - a retrospective study.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Sep 6;17(1):296. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Preclinical Sciences and Infectious Diseases, Poznan University of Life Sciences, ul. Wołyńska 35, 60-637, Poznań, Poland.

Background: Canine elbow dysplasia (CED) is a complex developmental skeletal disorder associated with a number of pathological conditions within the cubital joint. Because CED is a heritable disease, it is important to identify and remove the affected animals from breeding. The first objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of medial coronoid process disease (MCPD) without (MCD) or with (FMCP) fragmented medial coronoid process, osteochondrosis (OC) and/or osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), ununited anconeal process (UAP), radio-ulnar incongruence (INC R-U) and humero-ulnar incongruence (INC H-U) in dogs with the use of CT imaging. Read More

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September 2021

Is the Prognosis of Osgood-Schlatter Poorer Than Anticipated? A Prospective Cohort Study With 24-Month Follow-up.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 Aug 19;9(8):23259671211022239. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Background: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD), an apophyseal injury of the tibial tuberosity, affects up to 1 in 10 adolescents. This condition has previously been assumed to be innocuous and to self-resolve with limited intervention.

Purpose: To investigate the 24-month prognosis of OSD and examine if ultrasound (US) classification is associated with outcomes. Read More

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Acute correction of severe complex adolescent late-onset tibia vara by minimally invasive osteotomy and simple circular fixation: a case series with 2-year minimum follow-up.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Aug 12;22(1):681. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Present Address: Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, Scotland, UK.

Background: Despite multiple published reviews, the optimum method of correction and stabilisation of Blount's disease remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of acute correction of late-onset tibial vara by percutaneous proximal tibial osteotomy with circular external fixation using two simple rings. Weighing up the pros and cons and to establish if this method would be the method of choice in similar severe cases especially in a context of limited resources. Read More

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A comment on "Surgical treatment of atraumatic osteochondrosis dissecans of the immature talus-Clinical results and prevalence of radiographic joint degeneration after a median follow-up of 72.5 months".

Foot Ankle Surg 2022 04 19;28(3):409-410. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Division of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, 02115, United States. Electronic address:

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Sesamoidectomy in Athletes: Outcomes From 2-Centers.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2022 Jan-Feb;61(1):139-142. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy; Queen Mary University of London, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, London, UK; Keele University Faculty of Medicine, School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering, Stoke on Trent, UK.

Sesamoid pain can arise from avascular necrosis, fracture, osteochondrosis, and advanced degeneration. Disorders of the sesamoids in athletes can be debilitating. Total sesamoidectomy of the involved sesamoid is considered an effective surgical treatment when conservative measures have failed. Read More

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January 2022

Recurrence in infantile tibia vara (Blount disease) after high tibia and fibula osteotomy.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2022 Mar;31(2):134-138

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Infantile Tibia Vara (ITV or Blount disease) often recurs after surgical correction of the deformity. Vastly different recurrence rates have been reported in the literature. The main objective of this study was to identify any risk factors for the recurrence of ITV following high tibia and fibula valgus osteotomy. Read More

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Long-term follow-up of untreated Scheuermann's kyphosis.

Spine Deform 2021 11 1;9(6):1633-1639. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

The Poynton SpineCare Institute, Mater Private Dublin, Eccles St Dublin 7, Dublin, D07 WKW8, Ireland.

Study Design: Long-term cross-sectional study.

Objectives: To investigate the long-term effects of untreated Scheuermann's kyphosis on quality of life, and its relationship to radiographic parameters of spinal deformity. Previous studies reported reduced self-image, increased pain and impaired physical status. Read More

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November 2021

Usefulness of Imaging Techniques in the Diagnosis of Selected Injuries and Lesions of the Canine Tarsus. A Review.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jun 19;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Surgery and Radiology with Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland.

Tarsus lesions are not common in dogs, but they can cause serious health problem. They can lead to permanent changes in the joint and, in dogs involved in canine sports, to exclusion from training. The most common diseases and injuries involving the tarsal joint are osteochondrosis, fractures and ruptures of the Achilles tendon. Read More

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Co-occurrence of Blount's disease and Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease: is obesity a factor?

J Pediatr Orthop B 2022 Mar;31(2):e180-e184

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) and Blount's disease share a similar presenting age in addition to similar symptoms such as limp or knee pain. A little overlap is mentioned about both diseases. We sought to present cases of children having both conditions to discuss the implications of this co-occurrence on diagnosis and management. Read More

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Microstructural features of subchondral radiolucent lesions in the medial femoral condyle of juvenile Thoroughbreds: A microcomputed tomography and histological analysis.

Equine Vet J 2022 May 27;54(3):601-613. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Comparative Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Département de Sciences Cliniques, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada.

Background: The aetiology of equine medial femoral condyle (MFC) subchondral bone radiolucencies (SR) is unknown.

Objectives: Characterise the microstructural structural features of MFC SR in juvenile Thoroughbreds with microcomputed tomography (μCT) and histology.

Study Design: Cross-sectional post-mortem study. Read More

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