3,473 results match your criteria Osgood-Schlatter Disease

[Physical rehabilitation for osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic spine in elderly and senile people (Stage 2).]

Adv Gerontol 2022 ;35(1):126-133

S.M.Kirov Military Medical Academy, 6 str. Academician Lebedev, St. Petersburg 194044, Russian Federation.

The main and most frequently used means of physical rehabilitation for osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic spine is motor rehabilitation. The goals of physical rehabilitation of persons suffering from osteochondrosis are to strengthen the muscles of the back, reduce the load on the intervertebral discs, improve blood circulation, restore a normal motor stereotype and, as a result, reduce pain. The use of means of motor rehabilitation is scientifically substantiated, the mechanisms of their effect on the functional state of the body have been studied, and the effectiveness of their use is beyond doubt. Read More

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Ultrasound screening protocol for osteochondrosis at selected predilection sites in thoroughbred yearlings.

Ir Vet J 2022 Apr 27;75(1). Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Equine Clinical Studies, Diagnostic Imaging and Anaesthesia, School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Osteochondrosis is a common condition of young horses where there is a failure of endochondral ossification, usually at predisposed sites. The estimated prevalence of osteochondrosis is 33-44%, with radiographic screening of yearlings being used to identify lesions. Radiography has two major limitations: poor sensitivity in detecting cartilaginous lesions and secondly, the exposure of the horse and personnel to ionising radiation. Read More

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A systematic review evaluating the use of ultrasound in the identification of osteochondrosis in horses.

Vet J 2022 Apr 2;282:105825. Epub 2022 Apr 2.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Osteochondrosis is commonly encountered in young horses, with welfare, performance, and economic effects. Consequently, pre-purchase radiographic screening for osteochondrosis is routinely performed. Ultrasonographic examination of articular cartilage and osteochondrosis lesions are described in the literature with many case series or single case reports published. Read More

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The Prevalence of Hip Pathologies in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

J Orthop 2022 May-Jun;31:29-32. Epub 2022 Mar 10.

Departments of Orthopaedic and Neurological Surgery, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital; New York Spine Institute, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of abnormal spine curvature observed in patients age 10 to 18. Typically characterized by shoulder height and waistline asymmetry, AIS may drive uneven distribution of force in the hips, leading to increased rates of concurrent hip diagnoses. The relationship between AIS and concurrent hip diagnoses is underexplored in the literature, and to date, there has been little research comparing rates of hip diagnoses between patients with AIS and those unaffected. Read More

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Radiocapitellar Contact Characteristics After Osteochondral Defect Repair Using a Novel Hybrid Reconstructive Procedure.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 Mar 21;10(3):23259671221083582. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Congress Medical Foundation, Pasadena, California, USA.

Background: Many procedures to reconstruct osteochondral defects of the elbow radiocapitellar (RC) joint lack versatility or durability or do not directly address the subchondral bone structure and function.

Purpose/hypothesis: To biomechanically characterize the RC joint contact area, force, pressure, and peak pressure before and after reconstruction of osteochondral defects using a novel hybrid reconstructive procedure. It was hypothesized that the procedure would restore the contact characteristics to the intact condition. Read More

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Distribution Patterns of Degeneration of the Lumbar Spine in a Cohort of 200 Patients with an Indication for Lumbar MRI.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 03 21;19(6). Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Competence Center for Epidemiology and Health Services Research for Healthcare Professionals (CVcare), Institute for Health Services Research in Dermatology and Nursing (IVDP), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), 20246 Hamburg, Germany.

Lower back pain is one of the most common causes of a reduced quality of life. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the best suited imaging technique to detect causes of that pain. We retrospectively evaluated the MRIs of the lumbar spine for 200 patients in order to describe the distribution of signs of degeneration with regard to age, sex, and position of the disc affected. Read More

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Deep Infrapatellar Bursitis in Preadolescent Baseball Players: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 Mar 17;10(3):23259671221083584. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma, Japan.

Background: Deep infrapatellar bursitis (DIB) has been detected in cases of Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD). However, the clinical implications of DIB in the apophyseal stage, during the period when OSD has not yet developed, remain unclear.

Purpose: To investigate the factors related to DIB in the apophyseal stage in preadolescent baseball players. Read More

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Characteristics of the Kicking Motion in Adolescent Male Soccer Players Who Develop Osgood-Schlatter Disease: A Prospective Study.

Orthop J Sports Med 2022 Mar 14;10(3):23259671221083567. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sensory and Motor System Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is an apophysitis of the tibial tubercle caused by repeated traction of the patellar tendon during adolescence. Although OSD is associated more with sports such as soccer, it remains unclear whether the kicking motion itself is related to OSD onset.

Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the kicking motion in adolescent soccer players who later developed OSD. Read More

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Osgood-Schlatter Disease in youth elite football: Minimal time-loss and no association with clinical and ultrasonographic factors.

Phys Ther Sport 2022 Mar 9;55:98-105. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Academic Center for Evidence-Based Sports Medicine (ACES), Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Aspetar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar; The Sports Physician Group, OLVG, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Osgood-Schlatter Disease is the most common cause of knee pain in youth. Scientific research in youth elite football is limited.

Objectives: To assess clinical and ultrasonographic factors associated with Osgood-Schlatter Disease and calculate point prevalence of clinical diagnosis and time-loss in youth elite male football. Read More

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[Scheuermann's disease].

Orthopade 2022 Apr 15;51(4):339-348. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Klinik für Orthopädie (Friedrichsheim), Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Marienburgstr. 2, 60528, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

Scheuermann's disease represents the second most common deformity of the growing spine after the various forms of scoliosis. In cases of early diagnosis and mild kyphotic deformity conservative treatment with a brace and physiotherapy shows very good results; however, in cases of neurologic deficits, curve progression despite conservative treatment and increasing pain symptoms with a Stagnara angle of more than 70-75°, surgical treatment is meaningful. The surgical strategy can include posterior spondylodesis with prior anterior release or posterior instrumentation with posterior column osteotomy depending on the surgeon's experience. Read More

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A new classification for Freiberg's disease.

Foot (Edinb) 2021 Dec 24;51:101901. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Sheffield Teaching Hospitals Trust, Foot and Ankle Unit, Sheffield, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: Freiberg's osteochondrosis is an uncommon cause of foot pain. Following a national survey circulated by the British Foot and Ankle Society it was found that no classification is used to guide surgical treatment. This study aimed to create a simple, reproducible CT based classification to preoperatively plan whether an osteotomy is required. Read More

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December 2021

Imaging Review of Normal and Abnormal Skeletal Maturation.

Radiographics 2022 May-Jun;42(3):861-879. Epub 2022 Feb 25.

From the Divisions of Musculoskeletal Radiology (A.C.d.L.A., P.C.K.G., M.A.F.C., A.C.O.R., L.C.P., A.Y.A.) and Pediatric Radiology (M.S.T., T.D.G.), Laboratório Delboni Auriemo, DASA, São Paulo, Brazil; Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil (A.C.d.L.A., A.Y.A.); Department of Radiology, St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada (D.V.F.); Department of Medical Imaging, Hematology and Clinical Oncology Ribeirão Preto Medical School, USP Ribeirão Preto, Brazil (M.H.N.B.); and Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Missouri Health Care, Columbia, Mo (M.H.N.B.).

The growing skeleton undergoes well-described and predictable normal developmental changes, which may be misinterpreted a as pathologic condition at imaging. Primary and secondary ossification centers (SOCs), which form the diaphysis and the epiphysis of long bones, respectively, are formed by endochondral and intramembranous ossification processes. During skeletal maturation, the SOCs may appear irregular and fragmented, which should not be confused with fractures, osteochondritis dissecans, and osteochondrosis. Read More

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Guided Growth Procedures: Broken Tension Band Implants in Patients With Blount Disease.

J Pediatr Orthop 2022 May-Jun 01;42(5):e435-e440

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Shriners Hospital for Children Medical Center and University of Kentucky, Lexington KY.

Background: Tension band plate and screw implants (TBI) are frequently used for temporary hemiepiphyseodeses to manage angular deformity in growing children. The reported implant breakage rate, when TBI is used for deformities in patients with Blount disease, is much higher than when used in other diagnoses. Our hypothesis is that perioperative factors can identify risks for TBI breakage. Read More

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Corrigendum: Outcomes Associated With Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation in Dogs.

Front Vet Sci 2021 21;8:843760. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Thompson Laboratory for Regenerative Orthopaedics, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, United States.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2021. Read More

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January 2022

Comparative Evaluation of the Radiographic Parameters for Screening Early Blount Disease.

J Pediatr Orthop 2022 Apr;42(4):e343-e348

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Radiographic findings in young children with physiological bowing sometimes difficult to distinguish from early Blount disease. However, early diagnosis of the disease is critical because of the poor treatment outcomes for Blount disease. In this study, we aim to evaluate the accuracy of the metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle (MDA) compared with the medial metaphyseal beak (MMB) angle for differentiating between physiological bowing and early Blount disease and to determine which parameter to adequately screen for the subsequent development of Blount disease. Read More

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The posterior tibial slope and Insall-Salvati index in operative and nonoperative adolescent athletes with Osgood-Schlatter disease.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2022 Jan 25. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, 17033, USA.

Introduction: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a common cause of anterior knee pain in adolescent athletes due to repetitive stress on the tibial tubercle. The posterior tibial slope angle (PTSA) and the Insall-Salvati Index (ISI) play a role in knee biomechanics. However, to our knowledge, the posterior tibial slope and patellar height have not been compared in operated versus nonoperative OSD patients. Read More

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January 2022

Genome-Wide Association Analyses of Osteochondrosis in Belgian Warmbloods Reveal Candidate Genes Associated With Chondrocyte Development.

J Equine Vet Sci 2022 04 21;111:103870. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Equine Genetics & Genomics Group, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address:

Osteochondrosis (OC) is an important skeletal disease causing profound welfare concerns in horses. Although numerous studies have explored the genetics underlying OC in various breeds, the Belgian Warmblood (BW) remains unstudied despite having a concerning prevalence of 32.0%. Read More

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Hyperextension-distraction fractures in ankylosing and spondylotic spines: injury profile and treatment results.

Int Orthop 2022 04 20;46(4):889-895. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Orthopedics - Division of Spine Surgery, Hospital del Trabajador, Santiago, Chile.

Study Design: Case series study.

Purpose: To describe demographic metrics, and clinical and radiographical outcomes of surgical treatment in patients with ankylosed spine (ASP) such as diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) or ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-ankylosed spines (NAS) suffering from hyperextension-distraction spine fractures.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with hyperextension-distraction fractures between 2012 and 2020 were identified. Read More

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Proton Density Fat Fraction Spine MRI for Differentiation of Erosive Vertebral Endplate Degeneration and Infectious Spondylitis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Dec 30;12(1). Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Bonn, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, 53127 Bonn, Germany.

Vertebral Modic type 1 (MT1) degeneration may mimic infectious disease on conventional spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), potentially leading to additional costly and invasive investigations. This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of the proton density fat fraction (PDFF) for distinguishing MT1 degenerative endplate changes from infectious spondylitis. A total of 31 and 22 patients with equivocal diagnosis of MT1 degeneration and infectious spondylitis, respectively, were retrospectively enrolled in this IRB-approved retrospective study and examined with a chemical-shift encoding (CSE)-based water-fat 3D six-echo modified Dixon sequence in addition to routine clinical spine MRI. Read More

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December 2021

Osteochondrosis and other lesions in all intervertebral, articular process and rib joints from occiput to sacrum in pigs with poor back conformation, and relationship to juvenile kyphosis.

BMC Vet Res 2022 Jan 18;18(1):44. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Norsvin SA, Storhamargata 44, 2317, Hamar, Norway.

Background: Computed tomography (CT) is used to evaluate body composition and limb osteochondrosis in selection of breeding boars. Pigs also develop heritably predisposed abnormal curvature of the spine including juvenile kyphosis. It has been suggested that osteochondrosis-like changes cause vertebral wedging and kyphosis, both of which are identifiable by CT. Read More

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January 2022

Outcomes Associated With Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation in Dogs.

Front Vet Sci 2021 24;8:759610. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Thompson Laboratory for Regenerative Orthopaedics, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, United States.

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively characterize outcomes and complications associated with osteochondral allograft transplantation for treating chondral and osteochondral lesions in a group of client-owned dogs with naturally-occurring disease. Records were reviewed for information on signalment, treated joint, underlying pathology (e.g. Read More

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December 2021

Incidence and management of Osgood-Schlatter disease in general practice: retrospective cohort study.

Br J Gen Pract 2022 04 31;72(717):e301-e306. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of General Practice, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a non-traumatic knee problem that is primarily observed in sports-active children and adolescents aged 8-15 years.

Aim: To determine the incidence of OSD and to gain an insight into the management of children and adolescents with OSD in general practice.

Design And Setting: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a healthcare database containing full electronic health records of over 200 000 patients in general practice in and around the Dutch city of Rotterdam. Read More

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Tissue Engineering of Canine Cartilage from Surgically Debrided Osteochondritis Dissecans Fragments.

Ann Biomed Eng 2022 Jan 27;50(1):56-77. Epub 2021 Dec 27.

Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, 2112 Tupper Hall, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.

This study in dogs explored the feasibility of using cartilage fragments removed and discarded during routine palliative surgery for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) as a source of primary chondrocytes for scaffold-free cartilage tissue-engineering. Primary chondrocytes were obtained from three OCD donors and one age-matched healthy articular cartilage (HAC) donor. After monolayer expansion of primary cells, a three-dimensional spherical suspension culture was implemented. Read More

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January 2022

Expression of Estrogen Receptor Alpha and Evaluation of Histological Degeneration Scores in Fibroblasts of Hypertrophied Ligamentum Flavum: A Qualitative Study.

Biomolecules 2021 11 24;11(12). Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Department of Trauma Surgery, Orthopaedics and Plastic Surgery, University Medical Center Göttingen, 37075 Göttingen, Germany.

The most common spinal disorder in elderly is lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), resulting partly from ligamentum flavum (LF) hypertrophy. Its pathophysiology is not completely understood. The present study wants to elucidate the role of estrogen receptor α (ER α) in fibroblasts of hypertrophied LF. Read More

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November 2021

How Housing Conditions Determine the Welfare of Pigs.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Dec 7;11(12). Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health Protection, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Słoneczna 1, 62-002 Suchy Las, Poland.

Humans who care for pigs prefer an environment that not only allows the pigs to express their natural behaviors but also limits the development of aggression and stereotypes. Most of the behavioral and health problems encountered by pigs in barren, conventional conditions are solved by alternative housing systems. However, it is not known whether these systems are advantageous in terms of the performance of pigs. Read More

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December 2021

The diagnostic value of cytokines for the discrimination of vertebral osteomyelitis and degenerative diseases of the spine.

Cytokine 2022 02 18;150:155782. Epub 2021 Dec 18.

Comparative Medicine, Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of Cologne, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, Robert-Koch-Straße 21, 50931 Cologne, Germany. Electronic address:

Vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) is a primary infection of the endplates of the vertebral bodies with secondary infection of the adjacent intervertebral discs. Diagnosis is often delayed due to unspecific symptoms and a lack of specific infection markers. In this prospective study, we determined the suitability of 27 cytokines for the discrimination of VO and degenerative diseases of the spine and compared its diagnostic potential in relation to the C-reactive protein (CRP), which is widely used as a non-specific inflammation marker in clinical diagnostics. Read More

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February 2022

Therapeutic interventions in Osgood-Schlatter disease: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Dec;100(50):e28257

Institute of Sport Sciences, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.

Rationale: The purpose of this case study was to identify factors of bilateral etiopathogenesis of Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) and those supporting the effectiveness of the therapeutic process in a 12-year-old elite female Olympic karateka.

Patient Concerns: The present case study concerns OSD female karateka who started her sport-specific training at the age of 4 years.

Diagnoses: The results of subjective palpation by the orthopedic surgeon and objective medical examination using ultrasonography, wall slide test, magnetic resonance imaging, and body height and weight measurements were collected. Read More

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December 2021

[Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain in old patients].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(10. Vyp. 2):52-57

Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Moscow, Russia.

The back pain is one of the most common and socially significant neurological syndromes, leading to limited mobility and household independence of elderly patients. Specific «serious» causes of back pain account for 1-2% of all cases of back pain, approximately 10% of cases of pain correspond to radiculopathy, while the rest of the most common variants is related to nonspecific axial back pain. In the most cases of back pain, a clear connection between degenerative-dystrophic changes in the spine and the clinical manifestations and intensity of back pain is absent. Read More

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December 2021

Analgesic use in adolescents with patellofemoral pain or Osgood-Schlatter Disease: a secondary cross-sectional analysis of 323 subjects.

Scand J Pain 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

Center for General Practice at Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objectives: The prevalence of pain medication use for adolescent knee pain and factors associated with use are not well understood. This study aimed to determine the self-reported use of pain medication for knee pain and identify factors associated with use in adolescents (age 10-19) with longstanding knee symptoms.

Methods: In this exploratory cross-sectional study, we performed a secondary analysis of data previously collected in 323 adolescents with longstanding knee pain. Read More

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December 2021

Osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) in horses: hormonal and biochemical study (19 cases).

Vet Res Forum 2021 15;12(3):325-331. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

To investigate the hormonal and biochemical profiles of horses with osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD), serum insulin, cortisol, triiodothyronine, thyroxine, fasting blood glucose (FBG), cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), high- and low-density lipoproteins, albumin and uric acid were measured in horses definitely diagnosed with OCD (n=19) as well as clinically normal horses (n=18). Proxies representing insulin sensitivity [reciprocal of square root of insulin concentration (RISQI)] and beta cell responsiveness [modified insulin to glucose ratio (MIRG)] were calculated. Body fat percent (BF%) was estimated according to fat depth over the rump using ultrasonography. Read More

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September 2021