J Pediatr Orthop B 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.
Department of Pediatric orthopedics, Shizuoka Children's Hospital, Shizuoka Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yokohama Rosai Hospital, Kanagawa Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of os odontoideum and the size of atlas among children with Down syndrome. Understanding the risk of developing myelopathy in asymptomatic cases is important in children with Down syndrome. Children with os odontoideum are considered to be at high risk of developing myelopathy because of instability; however, in cases that are complicated by atlas hypoplasia, the risk remains the same, regardless of instability. Read More