618,008 results match your criteria Organizational Psychology Review [Journal]


Labour Activism and the Political Self in Inter-War Working-Class Women's Politics.

Authors:
Stephanie Ward

20 Century Br Hist 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Cardiff University, UK.

This article explores working-class women's experiences of political activism in the Labour Party in the 1930s. The article focuses upon the relationships formed with leaders, the bonds with fellow women, and the emotional fulfilment politics could bring, rather than considering the policies and campaigns which drew women into the party. It suggests how working-class women performed a political self which was shaped by but distinctive from a domestic self. Read More

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December 2018

Communicating information on nature-related topics: Preferred information channels and trust in sources.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209013. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Fort Collins Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America.

How information is communicated influences the public's environmental perceptions and behaviors. Information channels and sources both play an important role in the dissemination of information. Trust in a source is often used as a proxy for whether a particular piece of information is credible. Read More

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December 2018

Pre-operative Assessment of Bone Quality in Spine Deformity Surgery: Correlation with Clinical Practice and Published Recommendations.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Objective: The goals of this study were to (1) evaluate pre-operative bone quality assessment and intervention practice over time and (2) review the current evidence for bone evaluation in spine fusion surgery.

Summary Of Background Data: Deformity spine surgery has demonstrated improved quality of life in patients however its cost has made it controversial. Read More

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December 2018

Factors Predicting Adoption of the Nurses Improving Care of Healthsystem Elders Program.

Nurs Res 2019 Jan/Feb;68(1):13-21

Amy Witkoski Stimpfel, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor, Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York University, New York. Mattia J. Gilmartin, PhD, RN, FAAN, is Executive Director, NICHE, Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York University, New York. At the time the research was completed, Dr. Gilmartin was a Senior Research Scientist at Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York University.

Background: Registered nurses are often underprepared with the knowledge and skills to care for hospitalized older adult patients. One strategy to bridge this gap is for hospitals to adopt the Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders (NICHE) program: A nurse-led interdisciplinary organizational intervention to improve care of hospitalized older adults.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the market, organizational and managerial, and sociotechnical factors associated with the adoption of NICHE among U. Read More

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December 2018
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A scoping review of Advanced Practice Registered Nurses Consensus Model outcomes: Part four of a four-part series on critical topics identified by the 2015 Nurse Practitioner Research Agenda.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2018 Dec;30(12):710-723

School of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Background And Purpose: The Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRN) Consensus Model was produced by the APRN Joint Dialogue Group in 2008. The aim of the Consensus Model is to guide state boards on the implementation of APRN practice components, including licensure, accreditation, certification, and education and to clarify the legal scope of practice and APRN roles. The purpose of this scoping review and gap analysis was to appraise the evidence related to patient, nurse practitioner (NP) and organizational outcomes resulting from the Consensus Model. Read More

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December 2018

Systematic review addressing nurse practitioner reimbursement policy: Part one of a four-part series on critical topics identified by the 2015 nurse practitioner research agenda.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2018 Dec;30(12):673-682

PediatriCare of Northern Virginia, Haymarket, Virginia George Mason University/Mason and Partners Clinics, Fairfax, Virginia.

Background And Purpose: The growth and sustainability of nurse practitioners (NPs) requires transparent, fair and equitable reimbursement policies. Complicating this issue is variation in reimbursement policy within and across federal, state, and other payers. Even with explicit regulations, there remain questions on how reimbursement policies are covertly operationalized in practice. Read More

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December 2018

The Effectiveness of an International Cleft Mission Model in Asia: An Update.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S23-S28

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: Cleft lip/palate is a congenital craniofacial anomaly affecting patients physically and psychosocially and has contributed to the global burden of surgical disease, especially in underprivileged areas. For 20 years, Noordhoff Craniofacial Foundation (NCF) and the Chang Gung Craniofacial Center (CGCFC) have carried out missions to these areas. Rather than implementing short-term missions that lack proper follow-up care, the team has provided an effective, long-term, and multidisciplinary approach for the treatment of patients with cleft lip/palate. Read More

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January 2019

Credentialing Organizations.

Authors:

Neurodiagn J 2018 ;58(4):277-282

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January 2018

Conclusions of the digital health hub of the Transform Africa Summit (2018): strong government leadership and public-private-partnerships are key prerequisites for sustainable scale up of digital health in Africa.

BMC Proc 2018 15;12(Suppl 11):17. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

WHO Country Office, Kigali, Rwanda.

Background: The use of digital technologies to improve access to health is gaining momentum in Africa. This is more pertinent with the increasing penetration of mobile phone technology and internet use, and calls for innovative strategies to support implementation of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals and Universal Health Coverage on the continent. However, the huge potential benefits of digital health to advance health services delivery in Africa is yet to be fully harnessed due to critical challenges such as proliferation of pilot projects, poor coordination, inadequate preparedness of the African health workforce for digital health, lack of interoperability and inadequate sustainable financing, among others. Read More

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[Dark personality traits at work].

Psychiatr Hung 2018 ;33(4):359-373

Pecsi Tudomanyegyetem, Pszichologia Intezet, Pecs, Hungary, E-mail:

Nowadays there has been an increase of scientific interest related to the dark triad of personality: Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. In the last two decades several studies were published about the work related correlates of the dark personality traits. The aim of the current paper is to summarize and review these international and Hungarian research findings. Read More

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January 2018

Structural organization of a major neuronal G protein regulator, the RGS7-Gβ5-R7BP complex.

Elife 2018 Dec 12;7. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, United States.

Signaling by the G protein Coupled Receptors (GPCRs) plays fundamental role in a vast number of essential physiological functions. Precise control of GPCR signaling requires action of Regulators of G protein Signaling (RGS) proteins that deactivate heterotrimeric G proteins. RGS proteins are elaborately regulated and comprise multiple domains and subunits, yet structural organization of these assemblies is poorly understood. Read More

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December 2018

Approche centrée sur le patient et nouvelle gestion publique : confluence et paradoxe.

Sante Publique 2018 Oct;30(4):517-526

The search for efficiency and concentration on patient needs and satisfaction are at the topic of current conceptions in terms of the quality and organization of health services. There is indeed a relative consolidation of organizational approaches called Patient-Centered Care (e.g. Read More

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October 2018

Les interventions à domicile en Protection maternelle et infantile. Résultats d?une étude nationale.

Sante Publique 2018 Oct;30(4):477-487

Maternal and child protection services (?PMI?) are French universal services providing prevention and health promotion services to parents and their newborn children up to the age of 6. They specifically offer home visitation services in order to reach families that could not be seen otherwise. This paper presents the results of a national survey describing these home visitation services and their local implantation. Read More

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October 2018

The production of care in the routine of Family Health Teams.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2659-2665

Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Objective: To identify the factors interfering in the production of care in the daily work of health professionals from the Primary Health Care.

Method: Qualitative research carried out with Family Health Strategy (FHS) teams, in the health units of Rocinha (Rocinha is a favela located in the South Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). To analyze the data, the thematic network proposed by Attride-Stirling was used. Read More

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January 2018

Principles of clinical management: connecting management, healthcare and education in health.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4249-4257

Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa, Hospital Sírio-Libanês. São Paulo SP Brasil.

This paper aims at proposing validated principles to underpin clinical management as a means to transform healthcare for integrated healthcare systems. The starting point was the conception of clinical management based on structuring elements that do not separate management, care and education. The authors' proposal was submitted to specialists so that a consensus could be reached. Read More

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December 2018
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Incidence and type of health care associated injuries among nursing students: an experience in northern Italy.

Acta Biomed 2018 Dec 7;89(7-S):41-49. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Corso di Laurea in Infermieristica Università di Bologna - Faenza.

Background And Aim Of The Study: Nursing students are at high risk of injury while on clinical placement. The incidence of injury is three times higher in comparison to other healthcare workers, with a prevalence ranging from 25% up to 33,2%. Lack of knowledge and of experience in delivering nursing care, anxiety and unfamiliarity with the clinical environment all represent risk factors for injury. Read More

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December 2018

Management of Group B Streptococcus-Positive Women With Preterm Premature Rupture of the Membranes: Still a Therapeutic Dilemma.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2018 Dec 24;40(12):1627-1631. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS.

We discuss the management of GBS positive women with PPROM, an aspect of obstetrical management that remains controversial despite the publication of new randomized control trials in recent years. Clinical practice guidelines from several countries' national organizations are compared and contrasted, and areas of uncertainty are identified. Read More

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December 2018

More Income for Male Physicians; Findings About Salary Differences Between Male and Female Iranian Physicians

Balkan Med J 2018 12 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Background: In recent decades, the role of women in the organizations of developed and less developed countries has increased, but little is known about gender gap in salaries of Iranian physicians.

Aims: The aim of this study was to analyze the gender gap in the salary of physicians working in public health sector of Iran and its predicting factors in 2016.

Study Design: This is a cross sectional study conducted on physicians’ salary in Iran in 2016. Read More

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December 2018

A Review on Ingested Cyanide: Risks, Clinical Presentation, Diagnostics, and Treatment Challenges.

J Med Toxicol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Emergency Medicine and Toxicology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12700 E. 19th Ave., Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

Cyanide, a metabolic poison, is a rising chemial threat and ingestion is the most common route of exposure. Terrorist organizations have threatened to attack the USA and international food and water supplies. The toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics of oral cyanide are unique, resulting in high-dose exposures, severe symptoms, and slower onset of symptoms. Read More

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December 2018

Multidisciplinary Authorship Among Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Practice Guidelines: Examining the Contributions of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2018 Nov 17;5(11):ofy287. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy & Outcomes Sciences, University of South Carolina College of Pharmacy, Columbia, South Carolina.

We describe the proportion of pharmacist representation among current and corresponding prior editions of Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). Pharmacist representation was 13% and 21% in previous and current editions, respectively, increasing significantly since 2011. We advocate for continued collaborations between IDSA and pharmacy organizations to enhance multidisciplinary representation in CPGs. Read More

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November 2018

Antimicrobial Consumption and Susceptibility of : A Global Ecological Analysis.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2018 27;5:329. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

The reasons why antimicrobial resistance in has emerged explosively in certain populations but not others are poorly understood. We hypothesized that population level consumption of antimicrobials plays a role. Using susceptibility data from the World Health Organizations Global Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme and antimicrobial consumption data from the IMS Health MIDAS database we built linear regression models with country-level cephalosporin, macrolide, and fluoroquinolone consumption (standard doses/1,000 population/year) as the explanatory variable and 1-year lagged ceftriaxone, azithromycin, and ciprofloxacin resistance as the outcome variables. Read More

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November 2018

The role of the personality traits and work characteristics in the prediction of the burnout syndrome among nurses-a new approach within predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine concept.

EPMA J 2018 Dec 25;9(4):355-365. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

1Transilvania University of Brasov, 29, Eroilor Street, 500036 Brasov, Romania.

Background: The burnout syndrome is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment. It was identified in some professional categories, the most often being affected those in public health services.

Objectives: This study mainly aims to identify and analyze the value of the personality traits and work characteristics as predictive factors for the occurrence of the burnout syndrome in nurses, under the new approach of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine. Read More

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December 2018

A methodological review of national and transnational pharmaceutical budget impact analysis guidelines for new drug submissions.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2018 26;10:821-854. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI), McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada,

Introduction: Budget impact analysis (BIA) in health care, sometimes referred to as resource impact, is the financial change in the use of health resources associated with adding a new drug to a formulary or the adoption of a new health technology. Several national and transnational organizations worldwide have updated their BIA guidelines in the past 4 years. The aim of the present review was to provide a comprehensive list of the key recommendations of BIA guidelines from different countries that may be of interest for those who wish to build or to update BIA guidelines. Read More

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November 2018

Improving palliative care with deep learning.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2018 Dec 12;18(Suppl 4):122. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Center for Biomedical Informatics Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: Access to palliative care is a key quality metric which most healthcare organizations strive to improve. The primary challenges to increasing palliative care access are a combination of physicians over-estimating patient prognoses, and a shortage of palliative staff in general. This, in combination with treatment inertia can result in a mismatch between patient wishes, and their actual care towards the end of life. Read More

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December 2018

Extremists on the Left and Right Use Angry, Negative Language.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2018 Dec 11:146167218809705. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

3 The University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.

We propose that political extremists use more negative language than moderates. Previous research found that conservatives report feeling happier than liberals and yet liberals "display greater happiness" in their language than do conservatives. However, some of the previous studies relied on questionable measures of political orientation and affective language, and no studies have examined whether political orientation and affective language are nonlinearly related. Read More

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December 2018

Current challenges in health information technology-related patient safety.

Health Informatics J 2018 Dec 11:1460458218814893. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness and Safety, Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

We identify and describe nine key, short-term, challenges to help healthcare organizations, health information technology developers, researchers, policymakers, and funders focus their efforts on health information technology-related patient safety. Categorized according to the stage of the health information technology lifecycle where they appear, these challenges relate to (1) developing models, methods, and tools to enable risk assessment; (2) developing standard user interface design features and functions; (3) ensuring the safety of software in an interfaced, network-enabled clinical environment; (4) implementing a method for unambiguous patient identification (1-4 Design and Development stage); (5) developing and implementing decision support which improves safety; (6) identifying practices to safely manage information technology system transitions (5 and 6 Implementation and Use stage); (7) developing real-time methods to enable automated surveillance and monitoring of system performance and safety; (8) establishing the cultural and legal framework/safe harbor to allow sharing information about hazards and adverse events; and (9) developing models and methods for consumers/patients to improve health information technology safety (7-9 Monitoring, Evaluation, and Optimization stage). These challenges represent key "to-do's" that must be completed before we can expect to have safe, reliable, and efficient health information technology-based systems required to care for patients. Read More

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December 2018

Analyzing the coevolution of interorganizational networks and organizational performance: Automakers' production networks in Japan.

Appl Netw Sci 2017 28;2(1). Epub 2017 Feb 28.

3Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.

Organizations create networks with one another, and these networks may in turn shape the organizations involved. Until recently, such complex dynamic processes could not be rigorously empirically analyzed because of a lack of suitable modeling and validation methods. Using stochastic actor-oriented models and unique longitudinal survey data on the changing structure of interfirm production networks in the automotive industry in Japan, this paper illustrates how to quantitatively assess and validate (1) the dynamic micro-mechanism by which organizations form their networks and (2) the role of the dynamic network structures in organizational performance. Read More

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February 2017
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Social Determinants Associated with Colorectal Cancer Screening in an Urban Community Sample of African-American Men.

J Mens Health 2013 Mar 12;10(1):14-21. Epub 2013 Nov 12.

Minority Men's Health Center, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: African-American men are disproportionately burdened with colorectal cancer (CRC). Research is scarce on the social determinants that may influence CRC screening as the primary strategy for early detection among African-American males.

Methods: African-American men over the age of 18 years ( = 558) were recruited from a community health fair and anonymously surveyed about their health and cancer screening behaviors. Read More

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Action research improves services for child sexual abuse in one Caribbean nation: An example of good practice.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 8;88:225-234. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Institute of Gender and Development Studies, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.

Background: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a multi-dimensional problem. The search for best practice must consider the complexities surrounding CSA and its management in any particular society.

Objective: Data previously gathered from service providers on CSA service provision in Trinidad and Tobago identified key deficient issues in policy and practice. Read More

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December 2018

Coming ready or not! An integrative review examining new graduate nurses' transition in acute care.

Int J Nurs Pract 2018 Dec 9:e12714. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Rural Health, University of Newcastle, Taree, Australia.

Aims: To synthesize the scientific evidence about new graduate nurses' transition to practice in the acute care setting and consider implications for nurses and nursing practice.

Background: Despite the vast amount of literature on new graduate nurses' transition to practice, the transition of new graduate nurses is a global issue and remains at the forefront of discussions within the nursing community.

Design: An integrative review. Read More

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December 2018

Trust, Money, and Power: Life Cycle Dynamics in Alliances Between Management Partners and Accountable Care Organizations.

Milbank Q 2018 Dec;96(4):755-781

Gillings School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Policy Points Accountable care organizations (ACOs) form alliances with management partners to access financial, technical, and managerial support. Alliances between ACOs and management partners are subject to destabilizing tension around decision-making authority, distribution of shared savings, and conflicting goals and values. Management partners may serve either as trainers, ultimately breaking off from the ACO, or as central drivers of the ACO. Read More

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December 2018

Chromatin dynamics governed by a set of nuclear structural proteins.

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Physics Department & Nanotechnology Institute, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

During the past three decades, the study of nuclear and chromatin organization has become of great interest. The organization and dynamics of chromatin are directly responsible for many functions including gene regulation, genome replication, and maintenance. In order to better understand the details of these mechanisms, we need to understand the role of specific proteins that take part in these processes. Read More

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December 2018

Benchmarking life quality support interventions in long-term care using the Long-Term Care Quality of Life scale.

Nurs Health Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Nursing, Midwifery & Paramedicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

We aimed to develop a graphical procedure for benchmarking quality of life care results using the Long-Term Care Quality of Life (LTC-QoL) scale. While clinical care quality benchmarking is now well established, similar research for quality of life (QOL) aged care benchmarking has received scant attention. Data from 10 facilities utilizing the LTC-QoL scale were analysed to establish baseline statistics for developing a graphical procedure for QOL benchmarking. Read More

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December 2018
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Nurses' organizational communication satisfaction, emotional labor, and prosocial service behavior: A cross-sectional study.

Nurs Health Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.

In this study, we investigated nurses' organizational communication satisfaction and emotional labor in an attempt to identify the factors that influence nurses' prosocial service behavior in Korea. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 nurses at two Korean tertiary hospitals in 2017. Most participants (89%) were female, and the mean age was 28. Read More

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December 2018

Applying the handicap principle to biofilms: condition-dependent signaling in Bacillus subtilis microbial communities.

Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.

Bacteria in nature often reside in differentiated communities termed biofilms. These communities, which are composed of a number of functionally distinct cell types, are an interesting example of division of labor in microbes, and as such have been used as a system to study the evolution of cooperation. The structured population of the biofilm also plays a critical role in the persistence of infections, and biofouling of medical and industrial devices. Read More

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December 2018

[Registry Research Funding of the German Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (DGPRÄC) and Research Funding Report 2017/2018].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Plastische, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover.

Introduction: This report serves to publicize the research of academic institutions for Plastic Surgery within our society DGPRÄC in 2017/2018 and sequels the funding report of 2015/2016. Applications to public, non-public, or industrial funding organizations were evaluated. At the same time, this paper analyses the number of approved DFG applications in Plastic, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery in the GEPRIS system. Read More

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December 2018

Collaborating to conquer cancer: the role of partnerships in comprehensive cancer control.

Cancer Causes Control 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

American College of Surgeons, 633 N. Saint Clair St., Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Comprehensive cancer control celebrated its twentieth anniversary in 2018. A dedicated group of national partners formed the Comprehensive Cancer Control National Partnership (CCCNP) at the same time that CDC's National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program was formed. The CCCNP has supported the development and growth of comprehensive cancer control from its inception. Read More

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December 2018

"Creative Financing": Funding Evidence-Based Interventions in Human Service Systems.

J Behav Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive (8012), La Jolla, CA, 92093-0812, USA.

Implementation and sustainment of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) is influenced by outer (e.g., broader environments in which organizations operate) and inner (e. Read More

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December 2018

Communication and comprehensive cancer control coalitions: lessons from two decades of campaigns, outreach, and training.

Cancer Causes Control 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, 2109 San Jacinto Blvd. (D3700), Austin, TX, 78712-1415, USA.

Purpose: Comprehensive cancer control (CCC) coalitions and programs have delivered effective models and approaches to reducing cancer burden across the United States over the last two decades. Communication plays an essential role in diverse coalition activities from prevention to survivorship, including organizational and community capacity-building and as cancer control intervention strategies.

Methods: Based upon a review of published CCC research as well as public health communication best practices, this article describes lessons learned to assist CCC coalitions and programs with systematic implementation of communication efforts as key strategies in cancer control. Read More

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December 2018
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The Incidence of Dental Needs During Isolated Missions Compared to Non-isolated Missions: A Systematic Review and Implications for Future Prevention Strategies.

Mil Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Human Anatomy and Embryology Unit, Experimental Pathology and Therapeutics Department, University of Barcelona, Feixa Llarga Street, Hospitalet, Spain.

Introduction: Dental emergencies in isolated groups have always been difficult to treat. Especially in people or groups who cannot be evacuated and who need urgent dental assistance: long-term submarine missions, long-term spaceship trips, military or non-governmental organizations deployments in conflict areas, military maneuvers, etc. The dental and evacuation problems could put the success of the mission at risk, with relevant associated economic and strategic costs. Read More

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December 2018

PDX Finder: A portal for patient-derived tumor xenograft model discovery.

Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

The Jackson Laboratory, 600 Main Street, Bar Harbor, ME 04609, USA.

Patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDX) mouse models are a versatile oncology research platform for studying tumor biology and for testing chemotherapeutic approaches tailored to genomic characteristics of individual patients' tumors. PDX models are generated and distributed by a diverse group of academic labs, multi-institution consortia and contract research organizations. The distributed nature of PDX repositories and the use of different metadata standards for describing model characteristics presents a significant challenge to identifying PDX models relevant to specific cancer research questions. Read More

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December 2018
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Health insurance and social capital in Ghana: a cluster randomised controlled trial.

Glob Health Res Policy 2018 6;3:35. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

6Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF10 3AT Wales, UK.

Background: The National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) was introduced in Ghana in 2003, enrolment is still far from the desired target of universal coverage. Low community engagement in the design and management of the system was identified as one of the main barriers. The aim of the current study was to explore the role of social capital in NHIS enrolment in two regions of Ghana, Western and Greater Accra. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of Food Insecurity in Adults and Children With Cystic Fibrosis: Community Case Study.

Front Public Health 2018 26;6:348. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Center for the Study of Aging, Boise State University, Boise, ID, United States.

Advances in the care and treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) have led to improved mortality rates; therefore, considerably more individuals with CF are living into adulthood. With an increased number of CF patients advancing into adulthood, there is the need for more research that surrounds the aging adult CF patient. It is important to conduct research and collect results on the aging CF population to help better prepare the CF patient, who is dealing with the heavy treatment and financial burden of their disease, build autonomy and increase their quality of life. Read More

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November 2018
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Medication belief as correlate of medication adherence among patients with diabetes in Edo State, Nigeria.

Nurs Open 2019 Jan 14;6(1):197-202. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Nursing Babcock University Ilisha Remo Ogun State Nigeria.

Aim: The study aim was to determine the level of medication adherence, patient medication belief and to determine the correlation between medication belief and medication adherence among patients with diabetes. This is to find out whether medication belief of patient could enhance medication adherence which in turn would promote effective management of diabetic mellitus in Nigeria.

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO, 2015) estimated that over 366 million people are affected. Read More

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January 2019

Preceptorship during health personnel students' clinical studies in nursing homes-An institutional perspective on an intervention.

Nurs Open 2019 Jan 14;6(1):144-154. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences Norwegian University of Technology and Science Trondheim Norway.

Aim: The recruitment and retention of preceptors to mentor health professional students and apprentices in their clinical studies are not easy. The aim of this study was to investigate factors that hindered the implementation of an intervention intended to improve the working conditions for preceptors in nursing homes. The preceptorship was related to clinical studies for health professional students and apprentices. Read More

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January 2019

Discourse analysis of health providers' experiences using service design.

Nurs Open 2019 Jan 21;6(1):84-92. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Molde University College Specialised University in Logistics Molde Norway.

Background: Municipal healthcare organizations are facing increasing challenges to developing more cost-effective organizations and services, particularly in nursing homes. The background for this article is an attempt in this concern; implementing service design in a nursing home.

Aim: The aim of the study is to explore nurses and nurse assistants' experiences using service design in a nursing home. Read More

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January 2019

Assessing the quality of dental services using SERVQUAL model.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2018 Nov-Dec;15(6):430-436

Department of Health Services Management, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The measurement of service quality had an important role in managing service provided, diagnosing the problem, and assessing service performance. Patient satisfaction is one of the key indicators of quality in health-care organizations. This study aimed to measure the service quality gap of patients' perceptions and expectations in five dimensions at a military Specialized Dental Clinic in Iran using SERVQUAL tool. Read More

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December 2018

Emotional Androgyny: A Preventive Factor of Psychosocial Risks at Work?

Front Psychol 2018 26;9:2144. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of People Management in Organizations, Deusto Business School, Bilbao, Spain.

Although previous studies have acknowledged the connections between gender and emotional competences, more research is needed on how gender and emotion interact to influence psychosocial risks at work. This paper addresses how gender stereotypes and emotions simultaneously act as psychosocial antecedents of organizational stress. Following the principles of psychological androgyny, we propose that a combination of communion and agency can serve as a preventive factor at work and lead to healthier responses by providing a wider range of emotional competences to deal with organizational demands. Read More

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November 2018

Complete Genome Sequences of Papillomavirus Isolates from the Oral Cavity, Skin, and Feces of Wild Rats.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Nov 1;7(17). Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.

Six genome sequences of papillomavirus were determined from oral and skin swabs and fecal samples collected from wild rats. Three genomes were 7,722 bp, two genomes were 7,716 bp, and one was 7,730 bp, displaying typical papillomavirus genome organizations. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that these six genomes belonged to two different clusters. Read More

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November 2018

Shared Adversity Increases Team Creativity Through Fostering Supportive Interaction.

Front Psychol 2018 23;9:2309. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

School of Psychology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

In the current era, building more innovative teams is key to organizational success, yet there is little consensus on how best to achieve this. Common wisdom suggests that positive reinforcement through shared positive rewards builds social support within teams, and in turn facilitates innovation. Research on basic group processes, cultural rituals, and the evolution of pro-group behavior has, however, revealed that sharing adverse experiences is an alternative path to promoting group bonding. Read More

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November 2018
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