2,943 results match your criteria Orchitis


Xanthogranulomatous orchitis: case report of a rare condition.

AME Case Rep 2019 14;3. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Surgical Specialties and Urology, São José Rio Preto School of Medicine (FAMERP), São José do Rio Preto, Brazil.

Xanthogranulomatous orchitis is a rare, non-neoplastic inflammatory condition. We present a case of a 55-year-old diabetic male with an increase in volume, pain and edema in right testicle with a one-year history. The examination involved the investigation of inflammatory markers and ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/acr.2019.01.03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414356PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Rare report of orchitis in a bull due to infection.

J Parasit Dis 2019 Mar 10;43(1):28-30. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Proddatur, 516 360 Andhra Pradesh India.

A 9 years old bull was presented to the hospital with a history of scrotal swelling for a period of 12 days and progressive emaciation with intermittent fever. Clinical examination revealed the swollen and painful scrotum with fluid thrill, mild abduction and disorientation of hindlimbs were noticed. Ultrasonography of the testes revealed the anechoic fluid in between the visceral and parietal layers of tunica vaginalis of testis with variation in the echogenicity of the testes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12639-018-1050-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423335PMC

Severe Epididymo-Orchitis and Encephalitis Complicating Anti-PD-1 Therapy.

Oncologist 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors such as pembrolizumab and nivolumab have emerged as active treatment options for patients with many cancers, including metastatic melanoma, but can also cause symptomatic or life-threatening immune-related adverse events, including encephalitis. Epididymitis and orchitis are rare complications of these therapies.

Case Presentation: We describe herein a patient with metastatic melanoma who developed epididymo-orchitis followed by encephalitis while receiving pembrolizumab. Read More

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http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/lookup/doi/10.1634/th
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2018-0722DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

In situ hybridization assay for the diagnosis of chagas myocarditis and orchitis in a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta): A case report.

J Med Primatol 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Southwest National Primate Research Center, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas.

We present the first documented case of Trypanosoma cruzi-induced orchitis in a rhesus macaque. Additionally, we describe an in situ hybridization-based assay to confirm T. cruzi infection in formalin-fixed tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmp.12406DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Correction to: Acute epididymo-orchitis due to Salmonella Typhi in a young man from Bangladesh.

Infection 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Spedali Civili, Piazzale Spedali Civili, 1, 25123, Brescia, Italy.

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Arnaldo Caruso was not listed among the authors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15010-019-01296-4DOI Listing

Testicular pain as an atypical presentation of sarcoidosis.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2019 Apr 25;101(4):e99-e101. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust , UK.

Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease, with genitourinary tract involvement being very rare (0.2% of all sarcoidosis cases). Genitourinary sarcoidosis may present with a scrotal mass with or without testicular pain, often mimicking epididymo-orchitis or malignancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2019.0015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432954PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Histopathologic Findings Following Experimental Equine Herpesvirus 1 Infection of Horses.

Front Vet Sci 2019 4;6:59. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States.

Histopathological differences in horses infected with equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) of differing neuropathogenic potential [wild-type (Ab4), polymerase mutant (Ab4 N752), EHV-1/4 gD mutant (Ab4 gD4)] were evaluated to examine the impact of viral factors on clinical disease, tissue tropism and pathology. Three of 8 Ab4 infected horses developed Equine Herpesvirus Myeloencephalopathy (EHM) requiring euthanasia of 2 horses on day 9 post-infection. None of the other horses showed neurologic signs and all remaining animals were sacrificed 10 weeks post-infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2019.00059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409500PMC

The prevalence of ultrasonographic abnormalities and histopathologic lesions is high in testes of yearling tropical hair rams.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, St Kitts, West Indies.

Ultrasonography is commonly used to examine testes as part of a breeding soundness examination in sheep, especially, in cases of infertility or when gross testicular abnormalities are present. A descriptive, prospective, prevalence study was conducted to characterize the ultrasonographic, histopathologic, and spermatozoal morphology abnormalities present in a group of yearling tropic hair rams on the island of St. Kitts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vru.12728DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Unusual cause for recurrent epididymo-orchitis: fistula from rectal stump to seminal vesicle.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Urology, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15024DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Primary High-grade Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma of the Testis Clinically Confused With Scrotal Abscess.

Urology 2019 May 26;127:e3-e5. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Urology, Dubai Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Testicular T-cell lymphomas are rare and heterogeneous. Their rarity, nonspecific clinical and radiologic features, histomorphologic heterogeneity, and aberrant immunohistochemical expression may impose diagnostic difficulties for clinicians and pathologists. They may mimic germ cell neoplasms, infectious orchitis, and scrotal abscess. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.02.019DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Neonatal epididymo-orchitis: An unusual manifestation of salmonellosis.

Can Urol Assoc J 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Division of Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.5878DOI Listing
February 2019

Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Endl (Araceae).

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 May 22;236:21-30. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Chemical and Food Engineering, UFSC, Florianópolis 88040-900, SC, Brazil.

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Popular medicine use stems of Philodendron bipinnatifidum (Araceae) in inflammation cases, such as in erysipelas, as well as orchitis and rheumatism treatment. The present study, conducted for the first time in literature, investigate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of P. bipinnatifidum stems ethyl acetate extract (EPB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.02.037DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Atypical testicular pain.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 19;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Urological Surgery, Wexham Park Hospital, Frimley Health NHS Foundation Trust, Frimley, UK.

Testicular tuberculosis (TB) is rare, and, because of this, the lack of pathognomonic clinical features and its tendency to mimic other commoner conditions, the diagnosis is frequently delayed or may be missed. In this case, the initial clinical presentation was typical for bacterial epididymo-orchitis in a 38-year-old man. When the patient failed to improve with standard treatment including broadening of antibiotics, the diagnosis was re-considered because some unusual signs suggested testicular malignancy or lymphoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226697DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Acute epididymo-orchitis due to Salmonella Typhi in a young man from Bangladesh.

Infection 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Spedali Civili, Piazzale Spedali Civili, 1, 25123, Brescia, Italy.

S. typhi infection rarely involves the genitourinary system. We report the first described case of acute epididymo-orchitis due to S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15010-019-01280-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Brucellar epididymo-orchitis: a retrospective study of 25 cases.

Aging Male 2019 Feb 15:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

b Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology , Siirt State Hospital , Siirt , Turkey.

Objective: Brucellosis is a multisystemic disease which may affect all organs. Epididymo-orchitis is the most common form of genitourinary involvement. The aim of this study was to present our eight-year experience regarding the management of patients with brucellar epididymo-orchitis (BEO). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13685538.2019.1573892DOI Listing
February 2019

Occlusion of the corpus cavernosum penis in bulls intended for estrus detection: 18 cases (2002-2016).

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2019 Feb;254(4):512-519

OBJECTIVE To report surgical and long-term postoperative outcomes of bulls undergoing surgical occlusion of the corpus cavernosum penis (CCP) by acrylic injection and epididymectomy with or without penile fixation as preparation for use in estrus detection. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 18 client-owned bulls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.254.4.512DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Sneeze and pop: a ruptured varicocele; analysis of literature, guided by a well-documented case-report.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 31;19(1):14. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Urology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: An acute scrotal hematoma, secondary to a spontaneous rupture of a varicocele is still a rare presentation in daily practice. However, multiple case reports have been reported. Sudden increase in abdominal pressure, resulting to an increased venous pressure can lead to a rupture of the varicocele. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0442-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357415PMC
January 2019
2 Reads
1.937 Impact Factor

Antiparasitic Efficacy of Curcumin Against Tachyzoites .

Front Vet Sci 2018 11;5:333. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Institute of Parasitology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

is the causative agent of bovine besnoitiosis. infections lead to reduced fertility and productivity in cattle causing high economic losses, not only in Europe, but also in Asia and Africa. Mild to severe clinical signs, such as anasarca, oedema, orchitis, hyperkeratosis, and characteristic skin and mucosal cysts, are due to tachyzoite and bradyzoite replication in intermediate host tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6336690PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Mumps in a highly vaccinated Marshallese community in Arkansas, USA: an outbreak report.

Lancet Infect Dis 2019 Feb 8;19(2):185-192. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Arkansas Department of Health, Little Rock, AR, USA. Electronic address:

Background: During 2000-15, Arkansas Department of Health, Little Rock, AR, USA, investigated between one and six cases of mumps each year. From Aug 5, 2016, to Aug 5, 2017, the department received notification of more than 4000 suspected mumps cases in the second largest outbreak in the USA in the past 30 years.

Methods: Arkansas Department of Health investigated all reported cases of mumps to ascertain exposure, travel, and vaccination histories and identify close contacts. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14733099183060
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30607-8DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Testicular necrosis due to complicated epididymitis and ruptured sperm granuloma in a 13-year-old boy.

J Surg Case Rep 2019 Jan 4;2019(1):rjy349. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Pediatric Surgery Department, Penteli Children's Hospital, Ippokratous 8, Penteli, Athens, Hellas, Greece.

Sperm cell granuloma, also termed epididymitis nodosa, is a form of chronic epididymitis that occurs secondary to inflammation, trauma, and/or a vasectomy. We present a rare such case that to our knowledge is unique in pediatric literature: a 13-year-old boy presented with clinical and sonographic findings of epididymo-orchitis. At first, the boy was admitted for a short course of conservative treatment and was discharged. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jscr/article/doi/10.1093/jscr/rjy34
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjy349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319168PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

The role of regulatory T Cells in autoimmune orchitis.

Authors:
Patricia Jacobo

Andrologia 2018 Dec;50(11):e13092

Departmental and Institutional Affiliation, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, UBA-CONICET, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) mediate tolerance to self-antigens maintaining immune homeostasis. Defects in the number and function of Tregs lead to aberrant immune responses to autologous components, thereby causing autoimmune diseases. Male infertility as a result of immune testicular damage follows through auto-reactive T-cell activation by antigens or pathogens that disrupt testis tolerance mechanisms. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/and.13092
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.13092DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Viral threat to male fertility.

Andrologia 2018 Dec;50(11):e13140

Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

The detrimental effects of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection on mouse testicular functions have reminded a viral threat to male fertility. A broad range of virus families has tropism for male reproductive system, particularly the testes. Certain virus types of these viruses, such as mumps virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), may severely damage the testes and consequently lead to male infertility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.13140DOI Listing
December 2018

A protracted mumps outbreak in Western Australia despite high vaccine coverage: a population-based surveillance study.

Lancet Infect Dis 2019 Feb 14;19(2):177-184. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Communicable Disease Control Directorate, Public and Aboriginal Health Division, Western Australia Department of Health, Perth, WA, Australia.

Background: In 2007-08, a genotype J mumps outbreak occurred among Aboriginal people in northern Western Australia, despite high vaccine coverage. In March, 2015, a second protracted mumps outbreak occurred in northern Western Australia and spread widely across rural areas of the state. This time the outbreak was caused by a genotype G virus and again primarily affected Aboriginal people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30498-5DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Cytokines and male infertility.

Eur Cytokine Netw 2018 Sep;29(3):73-82

Unit of Reproductive Endocrinology, First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. "Papageorgiou General Hospital", Ring Road-Nea Efkarpia, 56403 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Many male infertility cases have no apparent cause, being characterized as idiopathic. Both inflammation and obesity have long been associated with infertility. On one hand, inflammation, such as orchitis and male accessory gland infections (MAGIs), are regulated by inflammatory cytokines. Read More

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http://www.john-libbey-eurotext.fr/medline.md?doi=10.1684/ec
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/ecn.2018.0412DOI Listing
September 2018
18 Reads

Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum DNA and RNA in semen of a syphilis patient without genital or anal lesions. Possible implications for disease transmissibility.

Sex Transm Dis 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle (WA) USA.

Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum DNA and RNA were detected in a semen specimen of a syphilis patient with no genital or anal sores and no clinically evident orchitis. No nucleic acids were found in a urine sample of the same patient collected immediately before the semen sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000956DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Brucella canis infection in a young dog with epididymitis and orchitis.

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2018 Dec;160(12):743-748

Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich.

Introduction: The following case report describes the clinical and diagnostic procedure for suspected brucellosis infection in a dog. A 21 month old intact male Border Collie was presented with an enlarged right testicle and epididymis. The dog was imported to Switzerland from Germany at the age of three months, but was never abroad since then. Read More

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http://sat.gstsvs.ch/de/pubmed/?doi=10.17236/sat00190
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17236/sat00190DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Impaired male fertility and abnormal epididymal epithelium differentiation in mice lacking CRISP1 and CRISP4.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 3;8(1):17531. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (IByME-CONICET), Buenos Aires, C1428ADN, Argentina.

Epididymal Cysteine Rich Secretory Proteins 1 and 4 (CRISP1 and CRISP4) associate with sperm during maturation and play different roles in fertilization. However, males lacking each of these molecules individually are fertile, suggesting compensatory mechanisms between these homologous proteins. Based on this, in the present work, we generated double CRISP1/CRISP4 knockout (DKO) mice and examined their reproductive phenotype. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35719-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277452PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Case report: Mycobacterium bovis orchitis post intravesical Bacillus Calmette Guerin.

IDCases 2018 3;14:e00465. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, UT Health McGovern Medical School, Houston, TX, United States.

Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy is a common adjunctive therapy for superficial bladder carcinoma but there has been noted to be complications from this treatment ranging from general disseminated infections to osteomuscular involvement. We report a case regarding a 63 year old gentleman who presented with right testicular swelling and pain and later found to have evidence consistent with orchitis. We also detail a literature review regarding genitourinary infections secondary to BCG therapy and discussion regarding current testing modalities. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22142509183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2018.e00465DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251782PMC
November 2018
26 Reads

Effects of lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation on hypoxia and inflammatory gene expression pathways of the rat testis.

Basic Clin Androl 2018 16;28:14. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Monmouth University, 400 Cedar Avenue, West Long Branch, NJ 07764 USA.

Background: Bacterial infection and inflammation of the testis impairs fertility, yet an understanding of inflammatory responses of the testis is incomplete. We are interested in identifying gene pathways involved in the detection and clearance of infectious microbes in the male reproductive tract. In previous studies in our lab focused on hypoxia-responsive genes of the testis, preliminary experiments suggested that genes classically categorized as hypoxia genes are also activated during antimicrobial responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12610-018-0079-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238406PMC
November 2018

Predictive value of hematological parameters in testicular torsion: retrospective investigation of data from a high-volume tertiary care center.

J Int Med Res 2019 Feb 19;47(2):730-737. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Urology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the use of hematological parameters in the differential diagnosis of testis torsion and epididymo-orchitis, and to determine the predictive value of these parameters in the diagnosis of testis torsion.

Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed the medical data of patients who presented to our institute with the complaint of acute scrotal pain. Eighty-five patients who had undergone orchiectomy or surgical detorsion due to testis torsion and 72 patients with epididymo-orchitis were included in the study. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0300060518809778
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060518809778DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381455PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Serological and molecular analysis for brucellosis in selected swine herds from Southern India.

J Infect Public Health 2019 Mar - Apr;12(2):247-251. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

ICAR-National Research Centre on Meat, Chengicherla, Hyderabad, 500092, India.

Background: Swine brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella suis. The study describes the occurrence of brucellosis in two organized piggeries in Southern India.

Methods: A total of 585 serum samples comprising 575 from pigs and 10 from animal handlers were collected and tested by serological tests and PCR. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18760341183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2018.10.013DOI Listing
April 2019
19 Reads

Salmonella epididymo-orchitis presenting as acute scrotum in a 2-week-old infant.

J Paediatr Child Health 2019 Apr 8;55(4):468-471. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Paediatric Surgery Department, Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jpc.14295
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14295DOI Listing
April 2019
18 Reads

Impaired spermatogenesis, tubular wall disruption, altered blood-testis barrier composition and intratubular lymphocytes in an infertile Beagle dog - a putative case of autoimmune orchitis.

Histol Histopathol 2018 Nov 7:18058. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Institute for Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Impairment of blood-testis barrier integrity can be observed during inflammation, infection, trauma and experimental autoimmune orchitis, which is inducible in rodents. In the present study, an initially fertile two-year-old Beagle dog was presented with a decline in total sperm number resulting in azoospermia within five months, verified by twice-monthly semen analyses. The dog was clinically healthy with bilateral small testes and showed normal thyroid function. Read More

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http://www.hh.um.es/Abstracts/Vol_/_/__18058.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14670/HH-18-058DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Scrotal abscess consequent on syphilitic epididymo-orchitis.

Trop Doct 2019 Jan 4;49(1):45-47. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

2 Junior Resident, Department of Surgery, UCMS and GTB Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Syphilis is notorious and a great imitator of all diseases. It is a chronic bacterial infection, caused by the sexually transmitted spirochete, Treponema pallidum. Though it has drastically reduced in prevalence, its recent resurgence (especially with HIV disease) is worrying. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0049475518809240DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads

Incremental Role of FDG PET/CT in Assessment of Testicular Viability.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Oct 2;52(5):377-379. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Sector -12, Chandigarh, 160012 India.

Testicular torsion is a common differential diagnosis of acute scrotal pain along with acute epididymo-orchitis, which may lead to testicular non-viability. Doppler ultrasound and testicular scintigraphy are two routinely used modalities for the assessment of testicular viability. However, in some cases, these investigations may prove inadequate in differentiating between the two entities with widely differing management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13139-018-0531-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177341PMC
October 2018

Orchitis: An unusual presentation of polyarteritis nodosa.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2018 Oct-Dec;61(4):600-603

Department of Pathology, IPGME and R, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), a systemic necrotizing vasculitis with multiorgan development, is generally restricted to the medium-sized muscular arteries. The varied initial clinical presentations of PAN can lead to a delayed diagnosis. We present the case of a middle-aged male patient who presented with an acute onset right-sided testicular pain as the initial clinical symptom with ischemic changes on ultrasonogram, thereby requiring orchiectomy. Read More

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http://www.ijpmonline.org/text.asp?2018/61/4/600/242994
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_569_17DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

epididymo-orchitis and bacteraemia: a case report.

JMM Case Rep 2018 Jul 5;5(7):e005157. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Case Western Reserve, University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.

Introduction: Although more often recognized as a culprit in female urinary tract infection, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) can cause severe genitourinary infections in men. While positive blood cultures with CoNS are usually thought to be contaminants, in the setting of a severe genito-urinary infection they can represent true infection.

Case Presentation: We present the case of a 70-year-old male without a central venous catheter or urinary catheter who developed bloodstream infection secondary to epididymo-orchitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmmcr.0.005157DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159547PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Large outbreak of mumps virus genotype G among vaccinated students in Norway, 2015 to 2016.

Euro Surveill 2018 Sep;23(38)

Division for Infection Control and Environmental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

From 6 September 2015-May 2016, a large mumps outbreak occurred among vaccinated students in Norway. A case was defined as a person presenting with a clinical mumps infection, notified between 1 September 2015 and 30 June 2016. Confirmed cases had positive laboratory confirmation and probable cases had an epidemiological link; PCR-positive specimens were genotyped. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.38.1700642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6157090PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Mumps outbreak investigation in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India, June-September 2016.

J Med Virol 2019 Mar 31;91(3):347-350. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Epidemiology, National Centre of Disease Control, Delhi, India.

Mumps, a vaccine-preventable disease, cause inflammation of salivary glands and may cause severe complications, such as encephalitis, meningitis, deafness, and orchitis/oophoritis. In India, mumps vaccine is not included in the universal immunization program and during 2009 to 2014, 72 outbreaks with greater than 1500 cases were reported. In August 2016, a suspected mumps outbreak was reported in Jaisalmer block, Rajasthan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409212PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Positron emission tomography and reframing vasculitis as a spectrum of disease when investigating a patient with a fever of unknown origin.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 19;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull, UK.

A retired businessman presented to the infectious diseases department with a history of ongoing fevers and myalgia and raised inflammatory markers. This continued despite adequate antibiotic treatment of an epididymo-orchitis. Extensive investigations, including bone marrow and liver biopsies and a positron emission tomography, did not reveal a cause but showed reactive change in the bone marrow. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224540DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

[Micro-dissection testicular sperm extraction for non-obstructive azoospermia patients with the history of secondary testicular injury].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2018 08;24(8):681-685

Center of Reproduction, The Sixth Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510620, China.

Objective: To investigate the value of micro- dissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) in the treatment of non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) in patients with the history of secondary testicular injury.

Methods: Totally, 121 NOA patients with the history of secondary testicular injury underwent micro-TESE in our hospital from September 2014 to December 2017. We analyzed the correlation of the sperm retrieval rate with the causes of testicular injury and compared the outcomes of the ICSI cycles with the sperm retrieved from the NOA males by micro-TESE (the micro-TESE group) and those with the sperm ejaculated from severe oligospermia patients (sperm concentration <1×10⁶/ml, the ejaculate group). Read More

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August 2018
43 Reads

Is urethral microscopy useful in symptomatic male patients without urethral discharge?

Int J STD AIDS 2019 Jan 31;30(1):79-81. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Sexual Health Department, the Great Western Hospital, Swindon, UK.

National guidelines recommend that male patients presenting with symptoms of urethritis or epididymo-orchitis undergo a urethral swab for microscopy. However, this is resource intensive. The aim of this audit was to determine the proportion of symptomatic patients without urethral discharge who have positive findings on urethral swab microscopy and explore associations between presenting symptoms and microscopy findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956462418793511DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Establishment of animal models of orchitis: Advances in studies].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2018 Janurary;24(1):82-85

Department of Reproductive Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, China.

Male infertility is becoming a concern of the world. Studies show that testicular inflammation is closely related to male infertility, which often manifests itself in low sperm count and motility and even the loss of fertility. In recent years, testicular inflammation-induced male infertility is arousing more and more attention, which adds to the significance of its study. Read More

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November 2018
19 Reads

Transrectal ultrasound-guided aspiration versus transurethral deroofing of prostatic abscess: A prospective randomized study.

Urol Ann 2018 Jul-Sep;10(3):291-295

Department of Urology, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Aims: The aim of this study is to compare between transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided aspiration and transurethral (TU) deroofing in the treatment of prostatic abscess regarding safety and efficacy.

Settings And Design: This prospective randomized study was done during the period between April 2009 and March 2015 and included 32 patients with prostatic abscess.

Subjects And Methods: All patients were enrolled in the study after obtaining a written informed consent and approval of the local ethical committee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/UA.UA_41_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6060608PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Mumps in the Vaccination Age: Global Epidemiology and the Situation in Germany.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 07 31;15(8). Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Hospital of Ingolstadt, D-85049 Ingolstadt, Germany.

Vaccination against mumps virus (MuV) (mostly measles-mumps-rubella) is routinely performed in more than 120 countries and has resulted in a distinct decrease of mumps incidence. However, alteration of mumps epidemiology has been observed in several countries after implementation of the vaccine but is sparsely documented. Moreover, outbreaks have occurred after starting vaccination, even in highly vaccinated populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081618DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6121553PMC
July 2018
23 Reads

Tuberculous Orchitis Following Intravesical Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) Therapy.

Cureus 2018 May 29;10(5):e2703. Epub 2018 May 29.

Internal Medicine, Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, Burlington, USA.

Intravesical therapy with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a common and effective therapy for bladder carcinoma in situ. The risks associated with intravesical BCG therapy are significant and rare. Accurate diagnosis and prompt initiation of management significantly reduce the morbidity associated with these risks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6063386PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

Evaluation of the General Organization of Veterinary Services control program of animal brucellosis in Egypt: An outbreak investigation of brucellosis in buffalo.

Vet World 2018 Jun 6;11(6):748-757. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aswan University, Egypt.

Background And Aim: Brucellosis is a major constraint to livestock production in Egypt as well as many developing countries worldwide. Bovine brucellosis is an economically important disease with reproductive failure as a principal manifestation resulting in abortion, premature birth and decreased milk production in females, and orchitis and epididymitis in males. In spite of the efforts of Egyptian veterinary services to overcome brucellosis, the disease is still prevalent in both animals and humans and represents one of the most important public health hazards in Egypt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2018.748-757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048072PMC
June 2018
24 Reads

Paediatric Behçet's disease in Iran: report of 204 cases.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2018 Nov-Dec;36(6 Suppl 115):135-140. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Behçet's Disease Unit, Rheumatology Research Centre, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: This study proposed to report the characteristics of paediatric Behçet's disease (PED-BD) in a cohort of patients from Iran's registry and compare them with different reports throughout the world.

Methods: From a cohort of 7504 Iranian patients with Behçet's disease those diagnosed before the age of 16 years were included in this study. Data were collected on a standard protocol comprising 105 items, including demographic features, type of presentation, and different clinical and laboratory findings. Read More

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March 2019
15 Reads

Ultrasound evaluation of inguinoscrotal pain: an imaging-based review for the ultrasonographer.

Radiol Bras 2018 May-Jun;51(3):193-199

MD, PhD, Radiologist and Coordinator of the Imaging Department of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Emergencies involving the inguinal region and scrotum are common and can be caused by a plethora of different causes. In most cases, such conditions have nonspecific symptoms and are quite painful. Some inguinoscrotal conditions have high complication rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-3984.2016.0175DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6034721PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Acute scrotum: Hansen's disease versus filariasis.

Int J Mycobacteriol 2018 Apr-Jun;7(2):195-197

Department of Dermatology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Hansen's disease is caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The disease is known to involve the visceral organs including the testis apart from the skin and nerves in the lepromatous pole of leprosy due to widespread hematogenous dissemination of lepra bacilli. Furthermore, there can be testicular pain during the type 2 reaction in Hansen's disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_60_18DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read