490 results match your criteria Orchiectomy Partial


Retroperitoneal extension of massive ulcerated testicular seminoma through the inguinal canal: A case report.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2021 Mar 19;93(1):64-67. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, G. d'Annunzio University of Chieti, Urology Unit, SS. Annunziata Hospital, Chieti.

Introduction: Testicular cancers represent about 5% of all urological malignancies and 1-1.5% of all male neoplasms. Most of the testicular cancers are localized (68%) at diagnosis. Read More

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Radiotherapy after testis-sparing surgery for seminoma in monorchid patients: safety and efficacy.

Tumori 2021 Feb 15:300891621992428. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Urology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate local control and longitudinal endocrine data in monorchid patients treated with testicular-sparing surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) for seminomatous germ-cell tumors.

Methods: We searched our database established in 2009 for patients with seminoma who received testis irradiation following partial orchiectomy up to 2018. Eleven patients were identified. Read More

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February 2021

Incidental ectopic adrenal cortical tissue: Retrospective analysis of 16 patients.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 04 16;17(2):258.e1-258.e6. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Konya Training and Research Hospital, Urology, Pediatric Urology, Konya, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate ectopic adrenal cortical tissue (EACT) and identify clinical, pathological and radiological aspects.

Study Design: Retrospective review of pathology reports in a single tertiary institution between 2010 and 2020 was conducted. Patients diagnosed with EACT were included for analysis. Read More

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Partial orchiectomy radical orchiectomy for pediatric testis tumors.

Transl Androl Urol 2020 Oct;9(5):2400-2407

Department of Urology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

While radical orchiectomy remains the gold standard for testicular cancer, partial orchiectomy has become a well-accepted organ-sparing approach for benign testicular tumors in pre-pubertal patients. The aims of testicular-sparing surgery include prevention of over-treatment, preservation of future hormonal and reproductive function, and provision of a durable cure. For pre-pubertal patients, who have a high likelihood of benign lesions, partial orchiectomy provides effective treatment, owing to the high reliability of scrotal ultrasound (US) and intraoperative frozen section. Read More

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October 2020

Case Report: An extremely rare occurrence of recurrent inguinal low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma involving the scrotum.

F1000Res 2020 29;9:789. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Urology, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, 24220900, Brazil.

Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare sarcoma subtype. The most common tumor locations are the deep soft tissue of extremities or trunks. We report a rare case of recurrent LGFMS in the inguinal region involving the scrotum and both testicles. Read More

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Real-World Application of Pre-Orchiectomy miR-371a-3p Test in Testicular Germ Cell Tumor Management.

J Urol 2021 Jan 28;205(1):137-144. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Purpose: Current serum tumor markers for testicular germ cell tumor are limited by low sensitivity. Growing evidence supports the use of circulating miR-371a-3p as a superior marker for malignant (viable) germ cell tumor management. We evaluated the real-world application of serum miR-371a-3p levels in detecting viable germ cell tumor among patients undergoing partial or radical orchiectomy. Read More

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January 2021

Transverse testicular ectopia: two rare adult cases and a review of literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 May 6;13(5). Epub 2020 May 6.

Urology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

The first case is a 45-year-old man who presented with complaints of right-sided indirect hernia. On examination the left hemiscrotum was empty. Open hernioplasty and mesh fixation with orchiopexy of both testes were done in the same hemiscrotum, followed by MRI for further evaluation. Read More

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Partial orchiectomy: The Princess Margaret cancer centre experience.

Urol Oncol 2020 06 10;38(6):605.e19-605.e24. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network and the University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Radical orchiectomy (RO) is the standard treatment for a testis cancer. Organ sparing surgery can be considered in the setting of a solitary functioning testis or bilateral tumors. It has also been suggested as an alternative to RO for small lesions. Read More

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Large Cell Calcifying Sertoli Cell Tumor with Macrocalcification in a Partially Resected Testis.

Case Rep Pathol 2020 18;2020:5279013. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Large cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumors (LCCSCTs) are extremely rare, with less than 100 tumors being described to date. Most of the tumors are benign with a few malignant cases, and aggressive behavior is infrequent. These tumors are a type of Sertoli cell tumor, and these tumors comprise less than 0. Read More

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Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma to the Testis: A Clinicopathologic Analysis of Five Cases.

Case Rep Pathol 2020 2;2020:9394680. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Pathology, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

The testicular spread of renal cell carcinoma is extremely rare. Five cases of renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the testis are described. The patients ranged from 45 to 81 years of age. Read More

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The clinical features and treatment options of intratesticular epidermoid cysts.

Arch Esp Urol 2020 Mar;73(2):126-131

Department of Urology. Gulhane Training and Research Hospital. Ankara. Turkey.

Objectives: In this study, we aimed to define the clinico-radiological data and treatment options for intratesticular epidermoid cysts (IEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the patients that under went surgery for testicular mass between 1995 and 2017. Data of the patients whose histopathological evaluation revealed IEC were recorded. Read More

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Intratesticular Angiolipoma: A Rare Case of Adipose Tissue Presence in the Testis.

Case Rep Urol 2019 23;2019:7606530. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

2nd Department of Urology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.

Introduction: Solid, fat-containing tumors of the testes are extremely rare with only a few cases having been reported so far, contrary to the more frequent occurrence of paratesticular lipomatosis. Testicular angiomyolipomas and gonadal involvement in Cowden's disease, although infrequently occurring, are known examples of fat-bearing testicular lesions. Hereby, we present an extremely rare case of intratesticular angiolipoma. Read More

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December 2019

[Partial orchiectomy in testicular tumor: Surgical technique and role of intraoperatory ecography.]

Arch Esp Urol 2019 Oct;72(8):772-785

Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro de Majadahonda. Madrid. España.

Objectives: Systematic review of the treatment of small testicular masses (STM) by testicular sparing surgery (TSS), including indications, surgical techniques and complications, as well as the correlation of the analysis of frozen sections (FSE) with the final tumor histology. As a secondary objective we report the initial experience of our center in TSS.

Material And Methods: A systematic literature search of the Medline/PubMed database for studies published until June 30, 2019 with the following keywords: "testis sparing surgery", "conservative surgery", "partial orquiectomy" "testicular neoplasms", "testis tumour", "Sex cord tumor", "intraoperative ultrasonography", "enucleation", "excision" or "resection" without time limits, in English and Spanish, identifying 20 articles with a total of 204 TSS, being the series with the largest sample size of 28. Read More

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October 2019

Surgical treatment of testicular tumor and its difficult management with indigenous patient.

AME Case Rep 2019 19;3:23. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Urology Department, Federal University of Amazonas (UFAM), Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.

Case description of a male patient, 27 years old, native Brazilian, indigenous, deaf, with a significant growth of left testicle, painless, with infiltrations, insidious beginning and two years of evolution because of the difficulty of monitoring this type of population. Presented high serum level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), up to 20 times higher than the maximum reference value. Ultrasound of the testis showed a complex mass on the left testicle, not being able to give an estimate of the volume. Read More

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Organ-sparing procedures in GU cancer: part 2-organ-sparing procedures in testicular and penile tumors.

Int Urol Nephrol 2019 Oct 2;51(10):1699-1708. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine and Michael E. De Bakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Purpose: Organ-sparing surgery (OSS) is recommended in selected patients with testicular tumors and penile cancer (PC). The functional and psychological impacts of organ excision for these genital tumors are profound. In this review, we summarize the indications, techniques and outcomes of OSS for these two tumors. Read More

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October 2019

Diethylstilbestrol in the Treatment of Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: A Lower-middle-income Country Experience.

Cureus 2019 Apr 16;11(4):e4470. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Surgical Oncology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore, PAK.

Introduction:  Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the fifth leading cause of death worldwide. Its metastatic stage is associated with considerable morbidity and may lead to death. In Pakistan, given the high levels of economic constraint, patients with castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer can be treated with cost-effective medications like diethylstilbestrol (DES). Read More

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Successful treatment of metachronous contralateral intratubular germ cell neoplasia with partial orchiectomy and low-dose radiation in a patient previously treated for testicular carcinoma.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2019 10 9;66(10):e27872. Epub 2019 Jun 9.

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Intratubular germ cell neoplasia (ITGCN) of the testis is a precursor to testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT), which can lead to the development of invasive cancer. In patients with a history of previously treated unilateral TGCT, treatment for ITGCN of the contralateral testis needs to be balanced with the risks of subsequent infertility. Here, we present a 17- year- old patient with ITGCN diagnosed after treatment of contralateral nonseminomatous TGCT who was successfully treated with a partial orchiectomy followed by low-dose radiation with preservation of his testosterone production. Read More

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October 2019

[Organ-sparing partial orchietectomy for testicular adenomatoid tumor].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019 Apr;51(2):365-368

Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: The incidence of testicular tumors is relatively low which are mainly malignant, so the main way to treat testicular tumors is radical testicular resection. Testicular adenomatoid tumor is a rare testicular benign tumor, but is easily misdiagnosed as malignant tumors with removal of organs. This article aims to explore the clinical features of testicular adenomatoid tumor and its treatment. Read More

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Effect of immunocastration and caponization on fatty acid composition of male chicken meat.

Poult Sci 2019 Jul;98(7):2823-2829

Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal (CIISA), Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Lisboa, Pólo Universitário Alto da Ajuda, 1300-477 Lisboa, Portugal.

Recently, immunocastration with Improvac (ImmC). has been tested in broilers and a considerable reduction in serum testosterone concentration (reduced by 79% compared to roosters) was observed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of immunocastration on meat fatty acid (FA) composition and its comparison with caponized and intact males (roosters). Read More

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Orchiectomy in species: technical aspects and effect on courtship behaviour.

Vet Rec 2019 05 16;184(18):555. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Courtship behaviour of tortoises includes biting, ramming, chasing, same-sex sexual behaviour, and it commonly is excessive in European tortoise species kept as pets. As a result, males are kept individually. To assess the effect of orchiectomy on excessive courtship behaviour in European tortoises, 50 tortoises ( , and ) underwent endoscopically assisted orchiectomy from April through September 2013 to 2017. Read More

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Large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumour with macrocalcification in partially resected testis of young adult patient.

Malays J Pathol 2018 Dec;40(3):343-348

University of Niš Faculty of Medicine, Scientific Research Centre for Biomedicine, Serbia, Zoran Đinđic Boulevard 81, 18000 Niš, Serbia.

Introduction: There are less than 100 cases of Large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumour (LCCSCT) reported in English literature. Most of them are benign, bilateral and affect paediatric population. Malignant cases occur in older patients. Read More

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December 2018

Appropriateness for testis-sparing surgery based on the testicular tumor size in a pediatric and adolescent population.

J Pediatr Urol 2019 Feb 23;15(1):70.e1-70.e6. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Division of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital Colorado and Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: In children, most small testicular tumors are benign, and testicular-sparing surgery (TSS) is a viable treatment option.

Objective: The objective of this study is to assess for correlation between the tumor size and final pathologic diagnoses appropriate for TSS for pediatric and adolescent patients with an intratesticular mass and negative serum tumor markers (STMs).

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of 24 patients (aged 0-18 years) who underwent radical or partial orchiectomy between 2003 and 2015. Read More

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February 2019

Management of Gonads in Adults with Androgen Insensitivity: An International Survey.

Horm Res Paediatr 2018 18;90(4):236-246. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Division of Paediatric Endocrinology, Department of Paediatrics, Ghent University Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine and Paediatrics, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Complete and partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS, PAIS) are associated with an increased risk of gonadal germ cell cancer (GGCC). Recent guidelines recommend gonadectomy in women with CAIS in late adolescence. Nevertheless, many adult women prefer to retain their gonads. Read More

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[Tunica albuginea adenomatoid tumor. A challenging case managed conservatively].

Rev Int Androl 2018 Apr - Jun;16(2):82-86. Epub 2017 May 2.

Anatomia Patológica, Laboratório Anatomia Patológica (LAP), Porto, Portugal.

The adenomatoid tumors are rare benign mesothelial lesions that in males affect mainly the epididymis. They account for over one third of paratesticular tumors, and the treatment of choice has been surgical excision. The origin in testicular parenchyma or the tunica albuginea is extremely rare. Read More

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October 2019

Ultrasonographic features of testicular metastasis from renal clear cell carcinoma that mimics a seminoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(40):e12728

Department of Ultrasound, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Rationale: Testicular metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only 35 cases have been described in the literatures.

Patient Concerns: A 64-year-old male presented to our urology clinic for a palpable painless mass on his right side of the scrotum by self-examination 1 week ago, with a general abdominal ultrasonographic report showing a mass in his right kidney. Read More

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October 2018

Testicular tumours discovered during infertility workup are predominantly benign and could initially be managed by sparing surgery.

J Surg Oncol 2018 Sep 9;118(4):630-635. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

Urology Department, Robert Picqué Hospital, Villenave d'Ornon, France.

Background And Objectives: To evaluate the pathological features and recurrence of incidental testis tumours treated by partial orchiectomy in a population of infertile men.

Methods: We retrospectively pooled, from four andrology referral centres, 32 patients diagnosed with testis mass during regular infertility workup. Patients included had an impaired sperm analysis and testis sparing surgery was performed to prevent secondary azoospermia or androgen therapy. Read More

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September 2018

Docetaxel-rechallenge in castration-resistant prostate cancer: defining clinical factors for successful treatment response and improvement in overall survival.

Int Urol Nephrol 2018 Oct 17;50(10):1821-1827. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Urology, University of Mainz, Langenbeckstraße 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to define clinical factors for successful treatment response and re-exposure to docetaxel in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).

Methods: An mCRPC database of patients receiving first-line docetaxel and rechallenge courses was established. Several clinical factors were evaluated for prediction of treatment response. Read More

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October 2018

Administration of testosterone improves the prothrombotic and antifibrinolytic parameters associated with its deficiency in an orchidectiomized rat model.

Platelets 2019 13;30(5):624-630. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

b College of Applied Medical Sciences , King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences , Riyadh , Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

This study investigated the effect of testosterone deficiency and replacement on platelets function and aggregation, coagulation, and fibrinolysis in young adult healthy male rats. Rats were classified into three groups (n = 6/group) of either "a sham-operated+ vehicle," "an orchidectomized (ORX)+ vehicle," and "an ORX+testosterone propionate (0.5 mg/kg, 3X/week, S. Read More

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November 2019

Testicular cavernous hemangioma associated with testicular torsion - case report and review of literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 27;49:247-250. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, General Hospital, Klagenfurt, Austria. Electronic address:

Introduction: Testicular neoplasms that are derived from connective tissue, blood vessels and musculature are uncommon and intra-testicular tumors of vascular origin are extremely rare; both are benign in nature. Testicular hemangioma is exceedingly rare and typically occurs in patients younger than 20 years, the age in which a primary germ cell tumor of the testis may present, necessitating a radical approach to management with orchidectomy, although potential conservative focal partial surgical excision is desirable. Hemangiomas of the testis have a similar sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging appearance to that of malignant tumors of the testis, especially seminoma. Read More

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[Non-palpable testicular tumors in adults: A management based on imaging? Issue from the French Urologic Association Genital Cancer committee's edit].

Prog Urol 2018 Jun 9;28(8-9):407-415. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Hôpital IA Begin/Val-de-Grâce, 74, boulevard de Port-Royal, 75230 Paris, France.

Background: Help in management of non-palpable testicular tumors. French Urologic Association Genital cancer committee's Edit.

Objectives: To review their characterization at imaging findings of non-palpable testicular tumors. Read More

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