4,173 results match your criteria Orbital Infections


Orbital Pseudotumor as an Extrahepatic Complication of Chronic HCV Infection.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 30;2018:5498953. Epub 2018 May 30.

Montefiore Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

We present a patient who was admitted for eye swelling, pain, and discharge, with CT orbits with contrast demonstrating inflammation and enlargement of the lacrimal glands and surrounding tissue. He was found to have an HCV infection for unknown duration upon further investigation. All other workup (autoimmune, rheumatic, and infectious) was unrevealing. Read More

View Article

Prognosis of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis remarkably improved: a case series of 12 patients and literature review.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jul 11. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare complication of infections in the head and neck area. CST is notorious for its bad prognosis, with high mortality and morbidity rates described in literature. However, these rates are based on old series. Read More

View Article

A multi-institutional review of outcomes in biopsy-proven acute invasive fungal sinusitis.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2018 Jul 6. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Background: Acute invasive fungal sinusitis (AIFS) is a rare, aggressive infection occurring in immunocompromised patients. In this study we examined factors that affect survival in AIFS, and whether immune-stimulating therapies (IST) improve survival.

Methods: Pathology records of biopsy-proven AIFS were reviewed from 3 academic institutions from 1995 to 2016. Read More

View Article

Orbital Extension of Conjunctival Pseudoadenomatous Hyperplasia.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jul 3. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Ophthalmology.

A 41-year-old woman developed persistent unilateral conjunctivitis following an upper respiratory infection. A white cystic lesion of the inferior fornix was noted on computed tomography scan to extend behind the orbital septum into the anterior portion of the orbit. Following subtotal excision, histopathology showed benign pseudoadenomatous (pseudoglandular) hyperplasia. Read More

View Article

Diagnostic Aspects of Veterinary and Human Aspergillosis.

Front Microbiol 2018 21;9:1303. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

The genus is composed of more than 300 species, a fraction of which are involved in animal or human infections mostly following environmental exposure. Various risk factors (i.e. Read More

View Article
June 2018
2 Reads

Combined Lid Crease and Endoscopic Approach to Lateral Frontal Sinus Disease With Orbital Extension.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Jul 1:3489418784967. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

2 Department of Otolaryngology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.

Introduction: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery for frontal sinus disease has obviated the need for external approaches. Special circumstances such as acute infection with orbital involvement or significant lateral sinus disease frequently require adjunct access. We describe the clinical outcomes of a combined upper eyelid crease and endoscopic approach for lateral frontal sinus disease with orbital extension. Read More

View Article

Efficacy and safety of adjunctive drug-coated balloon therapy in endovascular treatment of common femoral artery disease.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Jun 25. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, The Miriam Hospital/Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, United States of America.

Background: Surgical endarterectomy with or without patch angioplasty has been considered the gold standard for treatment of symptomatic common femoral artery (CFA) disease. Surgical risks include wound infection, hematoma and lymph leak in approximately 17% of patients. Endovascular therapy has less procedure-related morbidity and mortality. Read More

View Article
June 2018
2 Reads

Case Report: Orbital Tumor Revealing Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Associated with Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type-1.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Jul 2. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Ophthalmology Department, Martinique University Hospital, Martinique, France.

Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma (ATLL) is a sight- and life-threatening complication of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection. Ophthalmic manifestations include uveitis, optic nerve oedema, retinal vasculitis, and lymphomatous infiltration. Orbital lesions are rare. Read More

View Article
July 2018
1 Read

Management of the Frontoethmoidal Encephalomeningocele.

Authors:
Priya Jeyaraj

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jan-Jun;8(1):56-60

Command Military Dental Centre (Northern Command), Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Introduction: The Frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele (FEEM) is a congenital neural tube anomaly, with herniation of intracranial material such as the brain and leptomeninges through a defect of the dura and anterior skull base at the junction of the frontal and ethmoidal bones. It may result not only in neural defects, sensorimotor deficits, neurological morbidities, visual impairment, impaired nasal function, and a potential risk of intracranial infection, but also in significant craniofacial disfigurement with complex deformities in the frontal, orbital, and nasal regions.

Materials And Method: The standard two-staged surgical protocol comprises of the first stage performed by a neurosurgeon, which aims at correcting the neural defect by a formal craniotomy; then the second stage performed by a craniomaxillofacial or plastic and reconstructive surgeon, to correct craniofacial hard and soft tissue deformities. Read More

View Article

Orbital, Periorbital, and Intracranial Emphysema Caused by Compressed Air Injury in a 5-Year-Old Child.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jun 21. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Ocular Tissue Engineering Research Center.

A 5-year-old boy was accidentally injured by a compressed air blast to his right eye and developed periorbital and subconjunctival emphysema and proptosis subsequently. CT scan showed periorbital subcutaneous and intraorbital emphysema around the right eye, as well as intracranial and cervical emphysema without frank fractures in orbital bones. He was examined under sedation, and the subconjunctival air was aspirated. Read More

View Article
June 2018
3 Reads

[Reconstrucción ósea de defectos craneales secundarios a traumatismo con implantes personalizados].

Cir Cir 2018 ;86(3):289-295

UMAE Traumatología y Ortopedia Lomas Verdes, IMSS. Ciudad de México, México.

Introducción: Los defectos craneales secundarios a traumatismos son frecuentes. Por lo común se reparan de forma secundaria por sintomatología como el síndrome del paciente trepanado, por protección cerebral y por el aspecto cosmético. Históricamente se han utilizado diversos materiales para la reconstrucción. Read More

View Article
January 2018
3 Reads

A meta-analysis of survival factors in rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis - Has anything changed in the past 20 years?

Clin Otolaryngol 2018 Jun 26. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Aintree University Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, L9 7AL, United Kingdom.

Background: Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis (ROCM) is an uncommon yet potentially lethal fungal infection. Although most cases originate from developing countries, an aging population and increased prevalence of chronic illness may mean some clinicians practicing in developed countries will encounter ROCM cases in their careers. Yohai et al published a systematic review of 145 case reports from 1970 to 1993 assessing prognostic factors for patients presenting with this disease. Read More

View Article
June 2018
1 Read

Periocular Necrotizing Fasciitis with Toxic Shock Syndrome.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2018 May-Aug;9(2):299-303. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital & Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Aichi, Japan.

Purpose: To report a case of periocular necrotizing fasciitis with toxic shock syndrome.

Methods: This is a case report of a previously healthy 69-year-old woman with left preseptal eyelid infection that spread rapidly and deteriorated into necrosis of the eyelid with toxic shock syndrome. She was admitted to intensive care unit for hemodynamic stabilization. Read More

View Article

Nasal septal abscess as a sequela of orbital cellulitis: An uncommon presentation.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2018 31;6:2050313X18778726. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of ENT-Head and Neck Surgery, KRL Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Nasal septal abscess is a rather unusual condition encountered in the Otorhinolaryngology outpatient department, let alone it being a complication of orbital cellulitis! The condition usually occurs due to trauma which is significant enough to cause a septal haematoma. The haematoma then eventually results in formation of a localised abscess. Orbital cellulitis as a sequela of nasal septal abscess is an established complication but vice versa, septal abscess as a sequela of orbital cellulitis is an extremely rare presentation. Read More

View Article

Orbital Expansion in Cranial Vault After Minimally Invasive Extradural Transorbital Decompression for Thyroid Orbitopathy.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jun 6. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Division of Orbital and Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that the orbit expands in the cranial vault after wide dural exposure after minimally invasive extradural transorbital decompression for thyroid eye disease.

Methods: A cross-sectional cohort study of 36 patients (60 orbits). Preoperative and postoperative (6 months) orbital CT following extradural transorbital decompression was analyzed. Read More

View Article
June 2018
2 Reads

Complication of an Odontogenic Infection to an Orbital Abscess: The Role of a Medical Fraudster ("Quack").

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2018 May;30(98):181-184

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi-110002, India.

Introduction: Complication of an odontogenic infection to an orbital abscess is not a common presentation. The progression from a simple toothache to a condition that may lead to loss of vision is sudden and severe.

Case Report: We report a rare case in which a patient developed facial cellulitis that progressed to orbital abscess after unsterile dental manipulation by a medical fraudster ("quack"). Read More

View Article

Orbital infections: a complete cycle 7-year audit and a management guideline.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jun 4. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

ENT Department, University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK.

Objectives: Orbital infections are regularly encountered and are managed by various healthcare disciplines. Sepsis of the orbit and adjacent tissues can be associated with considerable acute complication and long-term sequelae. Therefore, prompt recognition and management of this condition are crucial. Read More

View Article

Resorbable Material for Pediatric Orbital Floor Reconstruction.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 May 31. Epub 2018 May 31.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University, Montreal.

Introduction: The use of resorbable materials is becoming more popular for pediatric orbital floor reconstruction. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the various materials used in pediatric orbital floor reconstruction.

Methods: A systematic literature search was performed to identify all relevant articles reporting complications following pediatric orbital floor reconstruction. Read More

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Resorbable Implants for Orbital Fractures: A Systematic Review.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 May 30. Epub 2018 May 30.

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL.

Background: Orbital fractures are one of the most common sequelae of facial trauma.

Objective: The objective of this study was to summarize published data for resorbable implants in orbital reconstruction, including polymer composition, degradation characteristics, osteoconductivity, and complications such as enophthalmos, diplopia, and peri-implant inflammation. A literature search of the National Library of Medicine was performed via PubMed using the keyword resorbable orbital implant. Read More

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Gut microbiota in experimental murine model of Graves' orbitopathy established in different environments may modulate clinical presentation of disease.

Microbiome 2018 May 25;6(1):97. Epub 2018 May 25.

School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Sir Martin Evans Building, Museum Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3AX, UK.

Background: Variation in induced models of autoimmunity has been attributed to the housing environment and its effect on the gut microbiota. In Graves' disease (GD), autoantibodies to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) cause autoimmune hyperthyroidism. Many GD patients develop Graves' orbitopathy or ophthalmopathy (GO) characterized by orbital tissue remodeling including adipogenesis. Read More

View Article

Incomplete reossification after craniosynostosis surgery-incidence and analysis of risk factors: a clinical-radiological assessment study.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 May 25:1-8. Epub 2018 May 25.

Department of Neurological Surgery, HUiP La Fe, Valencia; and.

OBJECTIVE One of the principles of the surgical treatment of craniosynostosis includes the release of fused bone plates to prevent recurrence. Such bone defects require a reossification process after surgery to prevent a cosmetic problem or brain vulnerability to damage. The objective of this study is to describe and analyze the radiological and clinical evolution of bone defects after craniosynostosis. Read More

View Article

[Efficacy of endoscopic approach to reconstruct the medial orbital fracture with perpendicular plate of ethmoid].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Apr;32(8):614-616

Department of Otolaryngology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Medical University of Anhui, Hefei, 230061, China.

To study the efficacy of endoscopic sinus approach in the repair of medial orbital fracture with perpendicular plate of ethmoid.Retrospective chart was reviewed in 10 cases receiving endoscopic approach to reconstruct the medial orbital fracture with perpendicular plate of ethmoid.We observed the improvement of the symptom such as diplopia, eye movement,and enophthalmos of the preoperative and postoperative. Read More

View Article

Multi-drug resistant scleral buckle infection.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 5;10:276-278. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Purpose: To describe a case of Multi-drug resistant scleral buckle infection.

Observations: A 56 year-old male with history of retinal detachment repair with scleral buckle 20 years prior presented with 8 months of intermittent pain and redness in the left eye. The patient was diagnosed with scleral buckle infection, the buckle was removed, and cultures revealed multi-drug resistant The postoperative course included orbital cellulitis treated with systemic linezolid, clarithromycin, and imipenem. Read More

View Article
June 2018
1 Read

Orbital implant exposure after Acanthamoeba panophthalmitis.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 31;10:48-50. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, USA.

Purpose: Acanthamoeba is a protozoa that can lead to severe ocular disease and sequelae. Although intraocular Acanthamoeba infection is rare, the following case demonstrates an unusual presentation of recurrent Acanthamoeba infection in a 30 year old contact lens wearing male.

Observations: After presenting with recurrent Acanthamoeba keratitis and undergoing various treatments, the patient developed nodular scleritis, which evolved into panophthalmitis, and ultimately, required enucleation. Read More

View Article

[Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis].

Laryngorhinootologie 2018 05 16. Epub 2018 May 16.

Universitätsklinikum Magdeburg HNO.

Mucormycosis is a rare but serious type of fungal infection, which can progress rapidly especially in immunsupressed patients.We report about a 47 year old female patient with ptosis on the left eye. The ophthalmological report offered no further pathologic findings. Read More

View Article

Granulomatous Invasive Infection Involving the Nasal Sinuses and Brain.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2018 Jan-Dec;6:2324709618770473. Epub 2018 May 2.

Kern Medical Center, Bakersfield, CA, USA.

Invasive fungal infections are commonly associated with some form of immunosuppression. On the nasal epithelial surface, , under favorable conditions, can aggressively breach multiple cell lines invading the local tissues. We present the case of a 35-year-old woman with granulomatous invasive infection involving the nasal sinuses and the brain. Read More

View Article

species and orbital apex syndrome: Unsuspected co-infection.

Saudi J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;32(1):86-89. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Diagnostic Services of Manitoba, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

species are thermally dimorphic fungi existing as yeast in tissue. We report an initially immunocompetent patient with orbital apex syndrome (OAS) whose presentation suggested giant cell arteritis. Subsequently, metastatic carcinoma was entertained as a cause of OAS until bronchoscopy yielded species. Read More

View Article
February 2018
1 Read

Complications in transorbital penetrating injury by bamboo branch: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 May;97(19):e0706

Department of Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, PR China.

Rationale: Wooden transorbital penetrating injury is an uncommon and serious trauma that may cause multiply complications.

Patient Concerns: Here we describe a 62-year-old Chinese woman with a transorbital penetrating injury caused by a long bamboo branch.

Diagnosis: Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of a wooden foreign body. Read More

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Rare Orbital Infections ~ State of the Art ~ Part II.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Apr-Jun;13(2):183-190

Orbital Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London EC1V 2PD, UK.

Infections of the orbit and periorbita are relatively frequent. Identifying unusual organisms is crucial because they can cause severe local and systemic morbidity, despite their rarity. Opportunistic infections of the orbit should be considered mainly in debilitated or immunocompromised patients. Read More

View Article

Common Orbital Infections ~ State of the Art ~ Part I.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Apr-Jun;13(2):175-182

Orbital Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London EC1V 2PD, UK.

Infections of the orbit and periorbita are relatively frequent, and can cause significant local and systemic morbidity. Loss of vision occurs in more than 10% of patients, and systemic sequelae can include meningitis, intracranial abscess, and death. Numerous organisms infect the orbit, but the most common are bacteria. Read More

View Article

Man with a Swollen Eye: Nonspecific Orbital Inflammation in an Adult in the Emergency Department.

J Emerg Med 2018 Jul 30;55(1):110-113. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Oculoplastic Service, Department of Surgery (Ophthalmology), Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Background: Nonspecific orbital inflammation (NSOI) is a rare idiopathic ocular pathology characterized by unilateral, painful orbital swelling without identifiable infectious or systemic disorders, which can be complicated by optic nerve compromise.

Case Report: A 50-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with recurring, progressive painless left eye swelling, decreased visual acuity, and binocular diplopia in the absence of trauma, infection, or known malignancy. His physical examination was notable for left-sided decreased visual acuity, an afferent pupillary defect, severe left eye proptosis and chemosis, and restricted extraocular movements; his dilatated funduscopic examination was notable for ipsilateral retinal folds within the macula, concerning for a disruption between the sclera and the retina. Read More

View Article

A Tad pilus promotes the establishment and resistance of biofilms to mechanical clearance.

NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes 2018 23;4:10. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

1Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Indiana University of Bloomington, Bloomington, IN USA.

is autochthonous to estuaries and warm coastal waters. Infection occurs via open wounds or ingestion, where its asymptomatic colonization of seafood, most infamously oysters, provides a gateway into the human food chain. Colonization begins with initial surface contact, which is often mediated by bacterial surface appendages called pili. Read More

View Article

Nanoscale Topographical Characterization of Orbital Implant Materials.

Materials (Basel) 2018 Apr 24;11(5). Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Institute of Materials Physics and Engineering, Applied Science and Technology Department, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy.

The search for an ideal orbital implant is still ongoing in the field of ocular biomaterials. Major limitations of currently-available porous implants include the high cost along with a non-negligible risk of exposure and postoperative infection due to conjunctival abrasion. In the effort to develop better alternatives to the existing devices, two types of new glass-ceramic porous implants were fabricated by sponge replication, which is a relatively inexpensive method. Read More

View Article

Risk of Postoperative Complications in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea following Skull Base Surgery.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Jun 24;158(6):1140-1147. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

1 Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objectives Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) presents several challenges in skull base surgery, including increased intracranial pressure, worsened OSA with nasal packing, and avoidance of positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy postoperatively. The objective of this study was to examine the risk of postoperative complications in a skull base population with OSA in which PAP therapy is withheld. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Read More

View Article

Modern Microsurgical Resection of Olfactory Groove Meningiomas by Classical Bicoronal Subfrontal Approach without Orbital Osteotomies.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Apr-Jun;13(2):258-263

Department of Neurosurgery, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre, Karachi 75510, Pakistan.

Background: The olfactory groove meningioma has always been surgically challenging. The common microscopic surgical procedures exercised involve modification of pterional or sub-frontal approaches with or without orbital osteotomies. However, we believe that orbital osteotomies are not mandatory to achieve gross total resection. Read More

View Article
April 2018
1 Read

Eye for an eye: near-fatal outcome of fungal infection in a young, diabetic girl.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Apr 17;2018. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Department of Otolaryngology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

In this report, we describe the case of a young, diabetic girl with ketoacidosis who suffered sudden loss of vision of the right eye. The loss of vision was caused by an invasive rhino-orbital-cerebral fungal infection (mucormycosis) with extensive periorbital thrombosis. Despite maximal antifungal and surgical treatment (including exenteration of the right orbit), the clinical situation deteriorated. Read More

View Article
April 2018
1 Read

Maxillary sinus mucocele with orbital complications.

Ann Ital Chir 2018 Apr 9;7. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Introduction: Maxillary sinus mucocele is an unusual clinic entity (incidence of 3-10%), represented by mucous secretion lined by respiratory stratified pavemented epithelium and its origin is mainly secondary to infections, inflammations, surgery, trauma or neoplasia.

Case Report: We present a case of maxillary sinus mucocele. Subject of the study is a 74 aged patient referring positive anamnesis for nasal cavity surgery. Read More

View Article
April 2018
1 Read

A case report of orbital Langerhans cell histiocytosis presenting as a orbital cellulitis.

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2018 Apr 8. Epub 2018 Apr 8.

Unidad de Órbita y Oculoplástica, Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario de Gerona Dr. Josep Trueta, Gerona, España.

Clinical Case: A 10-year-old girl was seen with a 3-week history of right upper lid swelling and with no other symptoms or fever. There was no recent history of sinusitis, trauma, or previous infection involving the periorbital area, or response to oral antibiotic treatment. Orbital computed tomography showed a lesion involving the upper margin of the orbit, and bone destruction at the orbital roof. Read More

View Article
April 2018
1 Read

Mucormycosis: Battle with the Deadly Enemy over a Five-Year Period in India.

J Fungi (Basel) 2018 Apr 6;4(2). Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Mycology Unit, Medical School and IISPV, Universitat Rovira I Virgili, 43201 Reus, Spain.

Mucormycosis is an emerging opportunistic fungal infection. Increasing immunocompromization, widespread use of antibacterial and antifungal agents (such as voriconazole prophylaxis), carcinomas, transplantation and lifestyle diseases such as diabetes are the main contributors to this situation. The predominant clinical manifestations of mucormycosis vary from host to host, with rhino-orbital-cerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, and gastrointestinal infections being the most common. Read More

View Article
April 2018
1 Read

Clostridium perfringens panophthalmitis and orbital cellulitis: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Apr 10;18(1):88. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Clinical Bacteriology Department, Amiens-Picardie University Hospital, Amiens, France.

Background: Clostridium perfringens is an uncommon pathogen in endophthalmitis, causing rapid destruction of ocular tissues. Clostridium perfringens infection typically occurs after penetrating injury with soil-contaminated foreign bodies.

Case Report: Here, we describe the case of a 17-year-old male who sustained a penetrating injury with a metallic intraocular foreign body and who rapidly developed severe C. Read More

View Article
April 2018
1 Read

Invasive meningococcal disease due to a non-capsulated Neisseria meningitidis strain in a patient with IgG4-related disease.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Apr 2;18(1):146. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Fukuoka City Hospital, 13-1 Yoshizuka-Honmachi, Hakata-ku, Fukuoka, 812-0046, Japan.

Background: Invasive Meningococcal Disease (IMD) is a rare and critical disease in Japan. Most of these cases are caused by capsulated Neisseria meningitidis strains. Non-capsulated (non-typable) strains are considered relatively low-pathogenic and can colonize in the nasopharynx of healthy children and young adults. Read More

View Article
April 2018
3 Reads

Management of a Severe Cervicofacial Odontogenic Infection.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Mar 1;19(3):352-355. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco, Camaragibe, Brazil.

Introduction: Odontogenic infections originate from a tooth or from its supporting structures, generally secondary to a pulp necrosis, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, apical lesions, or complications of dental procedures, which can be restricted to the alveolus or can reach the jaws and face through maxillofacial spaces. These are the most common conditions which affect the head and neck regions.

Aim: The aim of this study is to report a severe case of a cervicofacial odontogenic infection while discussing the most relevant aspects. Read More

View Article
March 2018
3 Reads

Gastric Mucormycosis in a Liver and Kidney Transplant Recipient: Case Report and Concise Review of Literature.

Transplant Proc 2018 Apr 22;50(3):905-909. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Nephrology Dialysis and Transplant Unit, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, AOU Policlinico of Modena, Modena, Italy.

Mucormycosis is an uncommonly encountered fungal infection in solid organ transplantation. The infection is severe and often results in a fatal outcome. The most common presentations are rhino-sino-orbital and pulmonary disease. Read More

View Article

Surgical Treatment of Rhinosinusitis-Related Orbital Complications: Factors Affecting Irreversible Blindness.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Jul;29(5):1294-1299

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine.

If left untreated, rhinosinusitis can rarely cause a devastating complication irreversible blindness (IB). Despite new technologies in endoscopic sinus surgery and use of new broad-spectrum antibiotics, IB outcome is still a problem for surgically treated orbital complication of paranasal sinus infection (OCPSI) patients, and factors leading to IB outcome are not actually known. The aim of this study was to assess the factors leading to the IB outcome for surgically treated OCPSI patients. Read More

View Article
July 2018
3 Reads

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia in HIV-infected patients: current perspectives.

HIV AIDS (Auckl) 2018 14;10:33-45. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Operation Eyesight Universal Institute for Eye Cancer, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) refers to a spectrum of conjunctival and corneal epithelial tumors including dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, and invasive carcinoma. In this article, we discuss the current perspectives of OSSN associated with HIV infection, focusing mainly on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of these tumors in patients with HIV. Upsurge in the incidence of OSSN with the HIV pandemic most severely affected sub-Saharan Africa, due to associated risk factors, such as human papilloma virus and solar ultraviolet exposure. Read More

View Article
March 2018
1 Read

The Role of Aging, Drug Dependence, and Hepatitis C Comorbidity in Alcoholism Cortical Compromise.

JAMA Psychiatry 2018 May;75(5):474-483

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Importance: The prevalence of alcohol misuse increased substantially over a decade in adults, particularly in those aged 65 years or older. Ramifications for brain structural integrity are significant, especially in older adults.

Objectives: To combine cross-sectional, longitudinal data to test age-alcoholism interactions and examine the association between prevalent comorbidities (drug dependence and hepatitis C virus [HCV] infection) and cortical volume deficits in alcohol dependence. Read More

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Twenty-Year Outcome Experience With Open Craniosynostosis Repairs: An Analysis of Reoperation and Complication Rates.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Apr;80(4 Suppl 4):S158-S163

Background: Surgical intervention during infancy for both syndromic and nonsyndromic patients with craniosynostosis remains the criterion standard of treatment with the 2 main options being open vault remodeling versus minimally invasive surgery. Although open cranial vault remodeling was initially considered a high-risk procedure, many advances have improved its safety. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature on the long-term outcomes of contemporary open craniosynostosis repair. Read More

View Article
April 2018
17 Reads

Varicella zoster causing preseptal cellulitis - uncommon but possible.

Malays Fam Physician 2017 31;12(3):37-39. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

(Corresponding author) MBBs (Bangalore), Ms ORL-HNS (UKM) Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital Canselor Tuanku Muhriz, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia email:

Background: Varicella has been known to be a harmless childhood disease. However, it has been reported that severe complications have taken place following Varicella infection, in both immunocompetent, as well as immunocompromised, individuals. Cutaneous complications of Varicella may manifest as preseptal cellulitis, albeit rarely. Read More

View Article
December 2017