1,809 results match your criteria Orbital Infection Imaging


Patient-Specific Implants in Oculofacial Plastic Surgery.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Purpose: To investigate how patient-specific implants (PSIs) are being utilized for periocular facial skeletal reconstruction. Specifically, to characterize indications for custom implants, areas of reconstruction, intraoperative variables impacting implant placement, as well as to report on postoperative outcomes.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients who received a PSI for periocular skeletal reconstruction between 2015 and 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001765DOI Listing

Facial swelling for the emergency radiologist-typical and atypical causes.

Emerg Radiol 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, P.O. Box 648, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

There are a wide variety of inflammatory, infectious, and cystic lesions which may lead patients to seek acute care for facial swelling. Computed tomography (CT) has become the mainstay for imaging in the urgent/emergent setting. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also serve as a powerful problem solving tool in the modern era. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-020-01809-xDOI Listing

Imaging of Paranasal Sinus Infections in Children: A Review.

J Neuroimaging 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Edward B. Singleton Department of Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX.

Paranasal sinuses (PNS) infections are common in children. They may cause common and well-known complications, but also, unusual and potentially devastating complications. Diagnosing PNS infections and complications in children requires knowledge of the unique anatomy of the nasal cavity and the PNS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jon.12737DOI Listing

Complications of Orbital Emphysema in a COVID-19 Patient.

Ophthalmology 2020 07 11;127(7):990. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York; and New York University Langone Health, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.05.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211670PMC

Posttraumatic Respiratory Epithelial Orbital Cyst With Intracranial Extension: A Unique Association.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Geneva & University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Respiratory epithelial orbital cysts (REOC) are rare benign lesions that may be either congenital or acquired. Congenital REOC develop from embryological epithelial rests and are known as choristomas, whereas acquired forms develop from the sequestration of respiratory epithelium from adjacent paranasal sinuses following trauma and/or fracture repair procedures. The final diagnosis can be difficult because congenital and acquired REOC and mucoceles share the same features histologically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001714DOI Listing

causing orbital cellulitis in a diabetic patient: An old fungus in a new territory.

Curr Med Mycol 2020 ;6(1):51-54

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh.

Background And Purpose: Rhinocerebral mycosis is a rapidly invasive infection in diabetic patients with an unfavorable course. Herein, we report a rare case of orbital cellulitis caused by following fungal rhinosinusitis in a diabetic male patient.

Case Report: A 35-year-old male with uncontrolled diabetes presented to the emergency department of our center with high-grade fever accompanied by chills and rigors, severe diffuse headache, and projectile vomiting with swelling and loss of vision in the right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/cmm.6.1.2510DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217254PMC
January 2020

Orbital cellulitis, sinusitis and intracranial abnormalities in two adolescents with COVID-19.

Orbit 2020 Aug 18;39(4):305-310. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Radiology, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School , Newark, New Jersey, USA.

We review two cases of adolescents with orbital cellulitis, sinusitis and SARS- CoV-2 infection presenting to emergency departments within a 24 hour period. SARS-CoV-2 samples obtained within 24 hours were positive, supporting prior infection despite relatively limited early symptoms of COVID-19. Unusual clinical and radiographic characteristics included hemorrhagic abscess with blood of varying age in the first, intracranial epidural abscess in the second, radiographic signal consistent with hemorrhagic or thrombotic phenomena, retro-maxillary antral fat changes, and meningeal enhancement or extension in both cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2020.1768560DOI Listing

Ultrasound in pediatric orbital cellulitis.

Med Ultrason 2020 May;22(2):253-254

Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Brussels, Pediatric Radiology, 10 Avenue Hippocrate, 1200, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Belgium.

Orbital cellulitis is an infrequent but serious complication of sinus infections in children, as was the case of a 7-year-old who presented to the emergency room with ultrasound signs of preseptal cellulitis. Despite a well conducted antibiotic treatment a control ultrasound demonstrated associated signs of retro-septal extension. This case brings to light the essential role of ultrasound in suspected cellulitis, as a mean to differentiate between preseptal cellulitis and retroseptal (orbital) cellulitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11152/mu-2438DOI Listing

Our experience in the management of orbital complications in acute rhinosinusitis.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, España.

Background And Objective: The spread of an infection from the paranasal sinuses is rare but severe. Between 4% and 20% of all rhinosinusitis can become complicated, orbital involvement being the most frequent (60-75%). Orbital complications are more common in children but more severe in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otorri.2019.11.005DOI Listing

Etiologies of Proptosis: A review.

Intern Med Rev (Wash D C) 2020 03;6(3)

Bascom Palmer Eye, Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136.

Proptosis, the protrusion of the eyeball from the orbit, results from a wide variety of pathologies that can be vision- or life-threatening. Clinical history, associated physical exam findings, and imaging features are all crucial in establishing the underlying etiology. The differential diagnosis is broad, and includes infectious, inflammatory, vascular, and neoplastic entities that range from benign and indolent, to malignant and aggressive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18103/imr.v6i3.852DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204542PMC

Preseptal Cellulitis in Children: A Single-Center Experience.

Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul 2019 19;53(4):409-412. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: Preseptal cellulitis is an infection that affects the palpebra and the periorbital superficial tissue. This study is an evaluation of the clinical findings, treatment, and complications of patients hospitalized with preseptal cellulitis in a single clinic.

Methods: The records of 29 patients with preseptal cellulitis who were hospitalized in the Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Education and Research Hospital Pediatric Infection Clinic between November 2012 and November 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/SEMB.2018.75010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7192284PMC
November 2019

Aseptic orbital cellulitis: A master masquerade of intraocular malignancy.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Apr 22:1120672120919343. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Sudden and extensive growth of intraocular tumors like retinoblastoma and choroidal melanoma may result in the clinical presentation of sterile or aseptic orbital cellulitis. In such masquerading situations, ocular and orbital imaging plays a significant role. The treatment with steroids may provide a rapid recovery from the aggressive orbital inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120672120919343DOI Listing
April 2020
1.058 Impact Factor

Central retinal artery occlusion as the presenting manifestation of invasive rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis.

Taiwan J Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):62-65. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, Grant Medical College and Sir J.J. Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) is a rare but devastating fungal infection caused by filamentous fungi of the family Mucoraceae. We report a rare case of unilateral ROCM in a diabetic patient where central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) was the first manifestation of the disease. Magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed orbital and intracranial spread of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tjo.tjo_72_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7158931PMC

Multidisciplinary Frontotemporal Orbitozygomatic Craniotomy for Spheno-orbital Meningiomas: Ophthalmic and Orbital Outcomes.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Apr 6. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Departments of Ophthalmology.

Purpose: Advances in surgical approaches have improved access for total or near-total resection of spheno-orbital meningiomas (SOM). Herein, the outcomes of multidisciplinary resection and reconstruction of SOM via frontotemporal orbitozygomatic craniotomy at a single institution are evaluated.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients with SOM who underwent joint neurosurgical and oculofacial plastic resection via frontotemporal orbitozygomatic craniotomy between January 1999 and December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001662DOI Listing

Orbital Hydatid Cyst.

N Engl J Med 2020 Apr;382(14):1352

University of Patras, Patras, Greece

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMicm1911903DOI Listing

Odontogenic Abscess With Orbital Extension Through the Inferior Orbital Fissure Treated With Bony Decompression.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Mar 25. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Division of Ophthalmology, Albany Medical Center.

A 49-year-old otherwise healthy male presented with an odontogenic abscess and mild left facial swelling. CT imaging revealed gaseous hypodensities within the inferior orbital fissure and pterygopalatine fossa in addition to infection of the left masseter and temporalis muscle. Despite dental drainage, this rapidly progressed to orbital cellulitis with temporalis muscles abscess leading to compartment syndrome and globe tenting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001655DOI Listing

Factors Associated With Increased Risk of Pediatric Orbital Cellulitis-Who Should Be Scanned?

Pediatr Emerg Care 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Faculty of Medicine.

Background: Evaluation of a child with POC/OC is complicated due difficulties in physical examination and risks of imaging by computed tomography.

Method: Retrospective review of children 0-16 years admitted to the pediatric emergency department for POC/OC from 2009 to 2019.

Results: Ten years study period, 243 children younger than 16 years presented to the pediatric emergency department with a diagnosis of POC/OC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000002083DOI Listing

[Invasive fungal brain abscess: a case report].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jan;34(1):85-87

Mucormycsois, also known as zygomycosis, is an extremely serious acute invasive fungal infection(IFI). The disease progresses rapidly and the mortality rate is high. Even if cured, it may leave behind serious sequelae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2020.01.021DOI Listing
January 2020

Surgical management of a brain abscess due to plant foreign body in a dog.

Open Vet J 2019 10 3;9(3):216-221. Epub 2019 Aug 3.

Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Alfonso X el Sabio University, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Intracranial abscesses as a result of grass awn migration have been rarely described in the veterinary literature. The identification of their radiological features is mandatory for proper diagnosis. As occurs with abscesses in other organs, surgical drainage and directed antibiotic therapy should be considered the treatment of choice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ovj.v9i3.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6794393PMC
October 2019

Orbital myiasis: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jan;99(4):e18879

Department of Ophthalmology.

Rationale: Myiasis is a parasitic disease caused by fly larvae of the Diptera order that infest human and other vertebrate animal tissues. Orbital myiasis is a potentially destructive infestation of the orbital tissues, which may affect individuals with previous ocular diseases or disorders of consciousness.

Patient Concerns: A 72-year-old man presented with a complaint of repeated pain for two years after trauma to his right eyelid and aggravated symptoms with larvae wriggling out for 2 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000018879DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7004749PMC
January 2020

Scleral buckle induce orbital cellulitis and scleritis - A case report and literature review.

Saudi J Ophthalmol 2019 Oct-Dec;33(4):405-408. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Diagnostic Imaging Department, King Khalid Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

We report a case of a young healthy patient who developed orbital cellulitis and scleritis after retinal detachment surgery that was repaired with a scleral buckling procedure. Once scleral implant infection occurs, orbital infection results requiring removal of the implant in all previous reported cases. However, our patient was treated with systemic antibiotic and steroids without the need for removal of the scleral buckle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjopt.2019.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6950968PMC
January 2019

Care and outcomes of Canadian children hospitalised with periorbital and orbital cellulitis: protocol for a multicentre, retrospective cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 12 22;9(12):e035206. Epub 2019 Dec 22.

Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Skin and soft tissue infections of the eye can be classified based on anatomic location as either anterior to the orbital septum (ie, periorbital cellulitis) or posterior to the orbital septum (ie, orbital cellulitis). These two conditions are often considered together in hospitalised children as clinical differentiation is difficult, especially in young children. Prior studies have identified variation in management of hospitalised children with orbital cellulitis; however, they have been limited either as single centre studies or by the use of administrative data which lacks clinical details important for interpreting variation in care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6937073PMC
December 2019

Clinical and radiographic features of hydrolyzed MIRAgel scleral buckles: A comparative analysis.

Clin Imaging 2020 Mar 6;60(1):10-15. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America.

The MIRAgel (hydrogel) scleral buckle, introduced in the 1980s, was a novel material to repair retinal detachments. It was later discontinued due to the frequency of long-term complications related to buckle hydrolysis and expansion. These complications included pain, limited extraocular motility, and more serious complications such as infection or scleral perforation, which ultimately necessitated surgical extraction as late as 20-30 years after placement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2019.11.017DOI Listing

Orbital Apex Syndrome: A Review.

Eye Brain 2019 12;11:63-72. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, UPMC Eye Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA.

Orbital apex syndrome is characterized by vision loss from optic neuropathy and ophthalmoplegia due to the involvement of ocular motor nerves in the anatomical region of the orbital apex. Patients could present with signs and symptoms deriving from the involvement of structures within the orbital apex, the superior orbital fissure or the cavernous sinus. The primary focus of the ophthalmologist should be to locate the lesion and then identify its etiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/EB.S180190DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6913296PMC
December 2019

Complications of Otitis Media and Sinusitis Caused by Streptococcus anginosus Group Organisms in Children.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2020 02;39(2):108-113

From the Department of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases.

Background: The Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG, S. anginosus, S. intermedius and S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002514DOI Listing
February 2020
5 Reads

Orbital complication of acute ethmoiditis: A Tunisian paediatric cross sectional study.

Am J Otolaryngol 2020 Jan - Feb;41(1):102320. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

University Hospital Thar Sfar, Mahdia Pediatric Department, 5100 Mahdia, Tunisia; Monastir University, Faculty of Medicine, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia; Applied Epidemiology in Maternal and Child Health (LR 12 SP 17), Tunisia.

Objective: The anatomical and developmental particularities of sinus cavities in paediatric population lead acute ethmoiditis to be the earliest form of sinusitis in children. Orbital complications are frequent and could lead to visual and neurological impairment. This study investigated the clinical, biological and radiological features of orbital complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.102320DOI Listing

Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Isavuconazole Therapeutic Drug Monitoring during Intestinal Graft versus Host Disease.

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2019 1;11(1):e2019061. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin, Italy.

A diagnosis of rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis was made in a 59-year-old man with a secondary acute myeloid leukemia a few days after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Prompt treatment with combined antifungal therapy (liposomal amphotericin B and isavuconazole) followed by a procedure of endoscopic sinus surgery resulted in the resolution of the infection. Therapeutic drug monitoring of isavuconazole was performed during the year of treatment showing an increment of plasma concentrations in correspondence with the improvement of intestinal GvHD, thus suggesting that in this or similar conditions TDM for isavuconazole can be of value. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4084/MJHID.2019.061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6827600PMC
November 2019

Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis in a paediatric patient with undiagnosed thrombophilia.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Oct 30;12(10). Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Pediatric Radiology, Dayton Children's Hospital, Dayton, Ohio, USA.

A previously healthy 8-year-old girl presented to the hospital with right periorbital and forehead swelling in the setting of a 1-week history of upper respiratory symptoms. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed pansinusitis with orbital and frontal abscesses and thrombosis of the anterior portion of the superior sagittal sinus. She was treated with surgical drainage, antibiotics and anticoagulants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-230159DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

Superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis: What radiologist and clinician must know?

Eur J Radiol Open 2019 11;6:258-264. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Hale Building, 60 Fenwood Road, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Purpose: Superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis (SOVT) is an extremely rare condition. Few studies have been published about clinical aspects of this condition. In this study, we have studied the symptoms, underlying etiologies, treatment, pathogenesis and complication of the SOVT and we tried to classify it based on the etiology, treatment, and prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejro.2019.07.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796573PMC

Orbital abscess treated by ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration and catheter drainage: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Sep;98(39):e17365

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Rationale: Periorbital cellulitis or an orbital abscess caused by acute sinusitis is a serious acute infectious disease. If not treated in time, serious complications may occur.

Patient Concerns: A 16-year-old girl with a history of right-sided proptosis, periorbital swelling, chemosis, hypophasis, restricted ocular movement in the upward direction, and diminution of vision was referred to our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000017365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6775400PMC
September 2019
1 Read
5.723 Impact Factor

Non-Traumatic Pneumocephalus and Sub-Dural Empyema as a Complication of Chronic Sinusitis.

Cureus 2019 Jul 22;11(7):e5202. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Internal Medicine, Civil Hospital Karachi, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, PAK.

Infectious sinusitis is extremely common in children, and persistent infection can lead to many complications. The most dangerous and commonly reported complications are intracranial. These intracranial complications include pneumocephalus, cerebral abscess, subdural empyema, meningitis, cellulitis, orbital abscess, and cavernous sinus thrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.5202DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6758996PMC
July 2019
3 Reads

"Guitar pick sign" on MRI.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 10;67(10):1737

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_404_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6786219PMC
October 2019

Intraorbital paragonimus infection.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 10;67(10):1736

Department of Neurosurgery, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_295_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6786209PMC
October 2019
2 Reads

Klebsiella pneumoniae endogenous endophthalmitis presenting as orbital cellulitis.

GMS Ophthalmol Cases 2019 20;9:Doc30. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California, Irvine, United States.

This report describes the first documented case of endogenous endophthalmitis with concurrent orbital cellulitis in a patient without a liver abscess. A 34-year-old, caucasian male with a history of intravenous drug abuse and type 1 diabetes mellitus was transferred from an outside hospital for progressively worsening pain and swelling in the right eye. Careful history, physical examination, and imaging were consistent with a diagnosis of endogenous endophthalmitis with concurrent orbital cellulitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3205/oc000119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6734497PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Intracranial actinomycosis of odontogenic origin masquerading as auto-immune orbital myositis: a fatal case and review of the literature.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Sep 2;19(1):763. Epub 2019 Sep 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Actinomycetes can rarely cause intracranial infection and may cause a variety of complications. We describe a fatal case of intracranial and intra-orbital actinomycosis of odontogenic origin with a unique presentation and route of dissemination. Also, we provide a review of the current literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-4408-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6720412PMC
September 2019
5 Reads

Disseminated blastomycosis presenting as a retro-orbital mass.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jul 18;12(7). Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Internal Medicine and Infectious Disease, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York, USA.

A 43-year-old man with history of non-Hodgkins' lymphoma presented with unilateral eye swelling, pain and vision deficits which had been progressive over 2 months. Symptoms followed a presumed bacterial pneumonia 4 months prior. Imaging demonstrated retro-orbital soft tissue swelling with bony erosion concerning for a mass; surgical decompression was performed with histology confirming disseminated Symptoms responded rapidly to antifungal therapy with amphotericin followed by itraconazole. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228681DOI Listing
July 2019
2 Reads

Orbital abscess as a complication of Pott's puffy tumour in an adolescent male.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jul 16;12(7). Epub 2019 Jul 16.

ENT, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, Greater Manchester, UK.

Pott's puffy tumour (PPT) is a known complication of frontal sinusitis. It is defined as subperiosteal abscess formation due to osteomyelitis of the frontal bone presenting as a forehead swelling. It is a life-threatening condition that can lead to intracranial and intraorbital complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-229664DOI Listing
July 2019
10 Reads

Lemierre's Syndrome Caused by Streptococcus anginosus Presenting as Postseptal Cellulitis in a Pediatric Patient.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2019;81(4):234-239. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

School of Medicine, Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud (FUCS), Hospital de San José, Bogotá, Colombia.

Lemierre's syndrome is an infrequent disease characterized by septic thrombosis of the internal jugular vein followed by pulmonary embolism generally occurring after upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tract infections. We present the case of a 15-year-old female patient with postseptal cellulitis and cervical abscess who developed pulmonary embolism and pleural effusion secondary to internal jugular vein thrombosis. Cultures were positive for Streptococcus anginosus, antibiotic treatment was established with satisfactory clinical outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000500560DOI Listing
May 2020
15 Reads

Childhood Transorbital Skull Base Penetrating Injury: Report of 2 Cases and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Nov 8;131:213-216. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Emergency Medicine Management Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: A foreign object penetrating the brain via orbit is a rare occurrence. Accurate diagnosis and immediate intervention is essential to prevent ophthalmic or neurological deficits and to reduce chances of infection or hemorrhage.

Case Description: We report 2 cases of transorbital orbitocranial penetrating injury of metal objects in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.06.234DOI Listing
November 2019
3 Reads

Subperiosteal Orbital Hematoma: Imaging Findings of a Rare Complication of Sickle Cell Disease: Subperiosteal orbital hematoma is a rare entity mainly seen in pediatric patients with sickle cell disease and occurs secondary to local vascular disturbances following facial bone infarction.

J Belg Soc Radiol 2019 Jun 28;103(1):40. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

UZA, BE.

Sickle cell disease is the most common hemoglobinopathy. Homozygous patients are prone to vaso-occlusive crises. A 19-year-old male patient with the homozygous sickle cell trait was admitted to the hospital due to a sickle cell crisis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/jbsr.1786DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6598616PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Orbital Exenteration in Rhino-Orbito-Cerebral Mucormycosis: A Prospective Analytical Study with Scoring System.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Jun 13;71(2):259-265. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

1Department of ENT, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and Sion Hospital, Ambedkar Road, Sion West, Mumbai, India.

Mucormycosis is an uncommon, rapidly progressive, angio-invasive, commonly fatal, opportunistic fungal infection. The most critical decision in the management of rhinoorbital mucormycosis is whether the orbit should be exenterated. (1) To layout the indications of orbital exenteration in patients with rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12070-018-1293-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6582081PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Orbital tuberculosis with involvement of the eyelid: An unusual presentation.

Natl Med J India 2018 Sep-Oct;31(5):279-280

Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George Medical University, Chowk, Lucknow 226003, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Although cases of ocular tuberculosis (TB) are increasing, involvement of the eyelid and orbit are unusual. These cases occur secondary to the presence of TB elsewhere in the body, usually pulmonary TB. The primary infection of orbit or eyelid is a rare occurrence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-258X.261198DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

Silent Sinus Syndrome.

Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2019 ;74(6):245-248

Silent sinus syndrom is rare and slow progressive disorder associated with asymptomatic chronic maxillary sinusitis and collapse of the orbital floor. The most common manifestations are enophtalmos, hypoglobus and pseudoretraction upper eyelid. Silent sinus syndrome is almost a unilateral condition and is usually diagnosed in patients in their 30´s and 40´s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31348/2018/6/5DOI Listing
August 2019
15 Reads

Pediatric viral orbital cellulites secondary to H1N1 infection: A case report.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 07;67(7):1234-1235

Prabha Eye Clinic and Research Centre and Vittala International Institute of Ophthalmology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

A 10-year-old boy admitted for high-grade fever and pneumonia developed left preseptal and early orbital cellulitis, unresponsive to higher intravenous antibiotics. He received oseltamivir, on testing positive for H1N1 virus on the nasopharyngeal and throat swabs. There was dramatic improvement with resolution of orbital cellulitis within 24 h of starting oseltamivir. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1549_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6611327PMC
July 2019
9 Reads

Pancreatobiliary Versus Head and Neck Manifestations in Immunoglobulin G4-related Disease: Distinct Subsets of the Same Disease?

Pancreas 2019 07;48(6):799-804

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Objectives: We compared the clinical profiles and organ manifestations of the commonly encountered immunoglobulin G4-related diseases (IgG4-RDs) on either side of the diaphragm: head and neck (HN) versus pancreatobiliary (PB) in IgG4-RD.

Methods: From the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, database, we identified 53 HN and 88 PB IgG4-RD based on the first affected organ manifestation.

Results: Compared with HN IgG4-RD, subjects with PB IgG4-RD were likely to be older (median, 64. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0000000000001332DOI Listing
July 2019
12 Reads
2.959 Impact Factor

Subconjunctival Dirofilariasis Presenting as Orbital Cellulitis.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Jul/Aug;35(4):e97-e99

Department of Orbit and Oculoplasty, Prabha Eye Clinic and Research Center.

Human ocular Dirofilariasis is a relatively rare, zoonotic disease, caused by a filarial nematode, Dirofilaria repens. This parasitic infestation usually presents as a subconjunctival nodule with hyperemia. The authors present a case of subconjunctival dirofilariasis in a 91-year-old gentleman, who presented with manifestations of orbital cellulitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001415DOI Listing
December 2019
18 Reads

PENETRATING ORBITOCRANIAL INJURY.

Acta Clin Croat 2018 Dec;57(4):792-796

1University of Split, Split University Hospital Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Split, Croatia; 2University of Split, Split University Hospital Center, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Split, Croatia; 3University of Split, Split University Hospital Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Split, Croatia; 4University of Split, Split University Hospital Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Split, Croatia; 5University of Split, Split University Hospital Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Split, Croatia.

- A case of a 37-year-old female patient is presented. The patient was admitted to the Surgical Emergency Unit after accidental fall on a metal rod when she had sustained stab injury of the right orbit with penetration into the right frontal brain lobe. Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) showed penetrating injury and fracture of the right orbital roof without eyeball damage and endocranial impressed bone fragments into the right frontal brain lobe. Read More

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https://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_je
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http://dx.doi.org/10.20471/acc.2018.57.04.26DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6544094PMC
December 2018
19 Reads

The Diversity of Human Dirofilariasis in Western Sri Lanka.

Biomed Res Int 2019 18;2019:9209240. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.

Background: Human dirofilariasis is an emerging zoonosis in many countries. Dirofilariasis caused by may present with diverse clinical manifestations in humans due to aberrant localization of worm lesions causing diagnostic dilemmas. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe and update the demography and clinical spectrum of human dirofilariasis in western Sri Lanka. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9209240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6500613PMC
November 2019
28 Reads

Combined central retinal vein, central retinal artery and cilioretinal artery occlusion with ischemic macular hole secondary to severe orbital cellulitis after black fly bite.

Int Med Case Rep J 2019 30;12:125-134. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Oculoplastic and Reconstruction Division, Department of Ophthalmology, Phramongkutklao Hospital, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand.

Orbital cellulitis is an infection of the ocular adnexal and orbital tissues behind the orbital septum. The complications are poor prognosis. This paper is to describe some severe rare complications of orbital cellulitis. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/combined-central-retinal-vein-cent
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S189082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6503816PMC
April 2019
12 Reads

Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus and 'Neighbourhood syndrome' -extra-orbitocranial rhinosinusitis with reversible sudden loss of vision- a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2019 May 20;19(1):117. Epub 2019 May 20.

Department of Medical microbiology, University of KwaZulu-Natal and National Health Laboratory Services, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Rhinosinusitis is a common condition which may present with complications commonly involving the orbit and the intracranial space. Loss of vision in the absence of clinical or radiological signs of involvement of the orbit and intracranium is rare and carries a high morbidity rate. Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus is not a well-documented cause of paranasal sinus infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1126-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6528227PMC
May 2019
11 Reads