1,909 results match your criteria Orbital Infection Imaging


Magnetic resonance imaging in rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 07;69(7):1915-1927

Department of ENT, AIG Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Coronavirus disease-associated mucormycosis (CAM) is an established clinical entity in India. In the past 4 months, there has been a sharp upsurge in the number of CAM cases in most parts of the country. Early diagnosis can be lifesaving. Read More

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Can imaging suggest the aetiology in skull base osteomyelitis? A systematic literature review.

Pol J Radiol 2021 22;86:e309-e321. Epub 2021 May 22.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

Purpose: To assess differentiating features between bacterial, , and skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) with regard to clinical presentation and imaging appearances.

Material And Methods: A literature search was performed in April 2020 for studies on SBO with a minimum sample size of 10 patients. Studies that reported presenting symptoms, cross-sectional imaging findings, complications, and mortality were included in the analysis. Read More

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A Rare Fungal Orbital Infection in an Immunocompetent Young Male Caused by (.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2021 Jun 10:1-4. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Services, Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India.

: To present a case of orbital fungal infection caused by a rare fungus, Lichtheimia corymbifera (Absidia corymbifera) in an immunocompetent individual.: A retrospective case study.: A 23-year-old male presented with painful proptosis of the right eye for 3 months. Read More

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Medical and surgical treatment of rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis in a child with leukemia.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021 Jun 16;22:101092. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Purpose: Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) is a rare opportunistic infection with a high mortality despite relevant treatment.

Observations: A 3-year-old girl under treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia developed periorbital swelling, ophthalmoplegia and a necrotic palatal lesion during a period of neutropenia. Imaging revealed sinusitis, pre- and postseptal cellulitis. Read More

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Imaging spectrum of acute invasive fungal rhino-orbital-cerebral sinusitis in COVID-19 patients: A case series and a review of literature.

J Neuroradiol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Ain Shams University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background: The incidence of devastating opportunistic coinfections in patients with COVID-19 infection, their imaging features and their morbidity and mortality consequences need to be unraveled.

Methods: This is a case series presenting the radiologic features and clinical presentation of acute invasive fungal rhino-orbital-cerebral sinusitis (AIFS) in eight hospitalized patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection.

Results: Our patient cohort presented with symptoms of the invasive fungal disease within 12-35 days from their initial presentation with COVID-19 infection. Read More

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Diagnosis and surgical management of a retrobulbar abscess causing unilateral exophthalmos in a Boer goat.

Vet Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

A 10-year-old Boer goat wether presented for unilateral exophthalmos of 2- to 3-week duration. Ocular ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) were utilized in the diagnosis of the patient's orbital disease and surgical planning. Exenteration was performed under the same general anesthetic event as CT. Read More

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Sinonasal polyposis complicated with extradural abscess and lateral rectus palsy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 26;14(5). Epub 2021 May 26.

ENT & Head and neck surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Sinogenic intracranial and orbital complications are infrequent complications of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), leading to potentially fatal intracranial and orbital sequelae. The mortality and morbidity associated with these complications remain high despite the widespread use of antibiotics. We report a patient with CRSwNP presenting with acute onset extradural empyema and sixth nerve palsy in whom the diagnosis was delayed, necessitating early surgical intervention. Read More

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Changes in the Management of Severe Orbital Infections Over Seventeen Years.

Hosp Pediatr 2021 Jun;11(6):613-621

Pediatric Outcomes Research Team, Divisions of Pediatric Medicine and

Objectives: Periorbital and orbital cellulitis are common but serious infections in children. Management of these infections varies because of an absence of clinical guidelines, but it is unclear if management within institutions has changed over time. We compared the management and outcomes of children hospitalized with periorbital and orbital cellulitis in 2 eras. Read More

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Orbital infarction syndrome secondary to rhino-orbital mucormycosis in a case of COVID-19: Clinico-radiological features.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Jun;69(6):1627-1630

Department of Neuroimaging and Interventional Radiology, Apollo Speciality Hospitals, Jayanagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Orbital infarction syndrome is an uncommon pathology with devastating consequences. It is frequently secondary to atherothrombotic phenomena in the internal carotid artery. We report a case of a 66-year-old male with uncontrolled diabetes and use of systemic steroids for COVID-19, who presented with a sudden loss of vision in the left eye, with total ophthalmoplegia and diffuse opacification of the retina. Read More

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Rise of the phoenix: Mucormycosis in COVID-19 times.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Jun;69(6):1563-1568

Department of Oculoplastics and Ocular Oncology, M and J Western Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Purpose: Rhino-orbital mucormycosis in times of ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

Aims: The aim of the study was to document cases of rhino-orbital mucormycosis seen at our Regional Institute of Ophthalmology during COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) times.

Methods: The study is a retrospective, institutional cohort, interventional study. Read More

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Imaging of orbital infectious and inflammatory disease in children.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 Jun 12;51(7):1149-1161. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave., MLC 5031, Cincinnati, OH, 45229-3026, USA.

Most acute nontraumatic periorbital and intraorbital pathologies in pediatric patients have an underlying infectious or inflammatory etiology, and imaging frequently plays a key role in the workup and management of these children. In this paper we review the clinical presentation and imaging findings in children with some of the most common infectious and inflammatory diseases involving the orbit. Basic relevant anatomy and imaging findings on various imaging modalities are also reviewed. Read More

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Infantile orbital abscess: clinical presentation, microbiological profile, and management outcomes.

Orbit 2021 May 11:1-7. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive and Aesthetics, Chennai, India.

: Orbital abscesses in children are not uncommon. Unless managed in a timely fashion, they can potentially lead to vision-threatening as well as life-threatening complications. The objective of this study is to report the clinical and microbiological profile and management outcomes in infants presenting with orbital abscesses. Read More

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Sino-orbital mucormycosis in a COVID-19 patient: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 4;82:105957. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department Of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, D. Y. Patil University, Sector 7 Nerul, Navi Mumbai 400706, India.

Introduction: We report a case of post COVID-19 Sino-orbital Mucormycosis infection caused by Rhizopus oryzae and its management.

Presentation Of Case: The patient was diagnosed with COVID-19 and treated according to the persisting protocols. Following recovery, on the 18th day, the patient developed chemosis and pain in the left eye. Read More

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COVID-19 triggering mucormycosis in a susceptible patient: a new phenomenon in the developing world?

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

General Medicine, Nitte University K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

A middle-aged woman with diabetes presented with left-sided facial pain, complete ptosis and fever of short duration. On presentation, she had hyperglycaemia without ketosis. There was total ophthalmoplegia of the left eye with a visual acuity of 6/36. Read More

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Combined Endonasal-Transorbital Approach to Manage the Far Lateral Frontal Sinus: Surgical Technique.

World Neurosurg 2021 Apr 17;151. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, ASST Sette Laghi, Varese, Italy.

In recent decades, the ever-expanding use of endoscopes and development of dedicated instrumentation have reshaped the panorama of surgical approaches to the frontal sinus. Nonetheless, the far lateral portion of the sinus might still represent a concern, especially in cases with unfavorable or distorted anatomy. We report the case of a 52-year-old man, referred to our department for recurrent episodes of left orbital swelling and supraorbital headache, 3 months after Draf III frontal sinusotomy for marsupialization of multiple frontal mucoceles. Read More

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Dacryoendoscopy-assisted incision of Hasner's valve under nasoendoscopy for membranous congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction after probing failure: a retrospective study.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 19;21(1):182. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: To introduce a treatment option: dacryoendoscopy-assisted incision of Hasner's valve under nasoendoscopy and assess its efficacy in treating membranous congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) in children older than 1 year with history of initial probing failure.

Methods: 52 eyes of 43 children with membranous CNLDO who underwent dacryoendoscopy-assisted incision of Hasner's valve under nasoendoscopy between May 2012 and October 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective study. All participants were older than 1 year and all the eyes had gone through probing at least once but still had symptoms of epiphora and discharge. Read More

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Analysis of 10 cases of orbital infections arising from odontogenic cervicofacial infections.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Apr;24(4):546-550

Department of Ophthalmology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria.

Background: Orbital cellulitis, also called postseptal cellulitis, is an infection of contents of the orbit (periorbital fat, neurovascular bundle, and the extraocular muscles). It should be differentiated from preseptal (periorbital) cellulitis which is a lesion of the anterior portion of the eyelid. However, both preseptal and postseptal cellulitis could present in a similar way with eye pain, edema, and erythema. Read More

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Post coronavirus disease mucormycosis: a deadly addition to the pandemic spectrum.

J Laryngol Otol 2021 May 8;135(5):442-447. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery, Sawai Man Singh Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, India.

Objective: To study the possible association between invasive fungal sinusitis (mucormycosis) and coronavirus disease.

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary care centre over four months, involving all patients with mucormycosis of the paranasal sinuses suffering from or having a history of coronavirus disease infection.

Results: Twenty-three patients presented with mucormycosis, all had an association with coronavirus disease 2019. Read More

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Orbital abscess due to infection of a non-absorbable porous orbital implant after orbital wall fracture repair : An uncommon and delayed occurred case.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 5:11206721211008035. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.

We report a rare case of a patient who developed an orbital abscess several years after successful orbital medial wall fracture repair. A 37-year-old female patient who underwent orbital fracture repair with a titanium Medpor orbital implant two years prior visited the clinic for pain, conjunctival injection, discharge, and lid swelling of the right eye. Orbital CT revealed severe orbital cellulitis and sinusitis. Read More

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Pediatric subperiosteal orbital abscess characterization and prediction of size, location, and management.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 May 28;144:110693. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States; Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Introduction: Subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) is a serious suppurative complication of pediatric sinusitis. The objective of this study is to stratify patient selection into those best treated medically versus surgically based on clinical outcomes.

Methods: This is a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with SPOA complicating sinusitis treated at a tertiary care pediatric hospital from 2002 through 2016. Read More

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Fungal abscess after intra-orbital steroid injection: a case report.

Orbit 2021 Mar 26:1-5. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Services, Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India.

A 28-year-old male presented with gradually progressive swelling of the right lower eyelid along with a prominence of the eye for 6 months. He had received oral steroids and intraorbital triamcinolone acetonide injection in the inferior quadrant for active thyroid eye disease. External examination revealed right eye proptosis and swelling along the inferior orbital region. Read More

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Recent advances on optic nerve magnetic resonance imaging and post-processing.

Magn Reson Imaging 2021 Jun 19;79:76-84. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease, The Medical School, The University of Sheffield, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK. Electronic address:

The optic nerve is known to be one of the largest nerve bundles in the human central nervous system. There have been many studies of optic nerve imaging and post-processing that have provided insights into pathophysiology of optic neuritis related to multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, glaucoma, and Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy. There are many challenges in optic nerve imaging, due to the morphology of the nerve through its course to the optic chiasm, its mobility due to eye movements and the high signal from cerebrospinal fluid and orbital fat surrounding the optic nerve. Read More

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Complicated sinusitis with sphenopalatine artery thrombosis in a COVID-19 patient: a case report.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 8;2021(3):rjab010. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Otolaryngology, Alexandria University, Midan al Khartoum, Alexandria, Egypt.

COVID-19 has been a mystery against healthcare professionals. We herein report a rare presentation of complicated sinusitis with pre-septal cellulitis and hard palatal necrosis in a COVID-19 patient. A 52-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with typical COVID manifestations where he had two successive COVID-19 positive swabs. Read More

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Dacryoendoscopy-guided re-canalization of canaliculops: Two case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(10):e24985

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki.

Rationale: Canaliculops is a rare condition, and only 11 cases have been reported previously. We report 2 cases of canaliculops, which were successfully treated using the new recanalization technique under dacryoendoscopy followed by bicanalicular lacrimal intubation.

Patient Concerns: A 78-year-old man and a 76-year-old woman had 3- and 1-year histories of medial-upper eyelid swelling (left and right, respectively) without any inflammatory signs, history of periocular trauma, herpes infection, use of specific drugs, or ophthalmic diseases of note. Read More

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Murine Models for Staphylococcal Infection.

Curr Protoc 2021 Mar;1(3):e52

Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive bacterium that colonizes almost every organ in humans and mice and is a leading cause of diseases worldwide. S. aureus infections can be challenging to treat due to widespread antibiotic resistance and their ability to cause tissue damage. Read More

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Severe chemosis and treatment following fronto-orbital advancement surgery for Crouzon syndrome: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(7):e24693

Department of Neurosurgery, The Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hainan Province, Haikou, Hainan, China.

Rationale: Crouzon syndrome is a craniofacial malformation caused by premature fusion of fibrous sutures in infants. It is one of the most common craniosynostosis syndromes, and surgery is the only effective treatment for correcting it. Postoperative complications such as encephalocele, infections, hematoma have been reported. Read More

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February 2021

Superiorly based subperiosteal orbital abscess: an uncommon presentation.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 18;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 18.

ENT, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens, Attica, Greece.

A 32-year-old female patient presented with severe facial pain, right eye proptosis and diplopia. Endoscopy revealed ipsilateral crusting, purulent discharge and bilateral nasal polyps. Imaging demonstrated a subperiosteal abscess on the roof of the right orbit. Read More

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February 2021

Ophthalmic manifestations in the COVID-19 clinical spectrum.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Mar;69(3):691-694

Department of Pharmacology, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and various types of ophthalmic manifestation of patients with COVID-19.

Methods: This is a prospective observational study conducted on patients with SARS-Co-V-2 infection, at a dedicated tertiary COVID-19 hospital in South India from April 1 to July 31, 2020. At the time of their admission to the COVID hospital, demographic data such as name, age, sex was recorded. Read More

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Optic Perineuritis and Its Association With Autoimmune Diseases.

Front Neurol 2020 29;11:627077. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Optic perineuritis (OPN) is a special optic neuropathy that has a distinct etiology from neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) or multiple sclerosis (MS)-related optic neuritis (ON). The mechanisms of how this inflammation developed and invaded the nerve sheath remain unknown. This study is aimed to analyze the etiology and different clinical characteristics of OPN in a Chinese patient population. Read More

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January 2021

[Diagnosis and treatment of 11 cases of subperiosteal orbital abscess caused by acute sinusitis].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Feb;35(2):125-130

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital,Qingdao University,Yantai,264000,China.

The aim of this study is to explore the diagnosis, clinical manifestations and surgical treatment experience of acute sinusitis complicated with orbital subperiosteal abscess. The clinical data of 11 patients with acute sinusitis complicated by orbital subperiosteal abscess from 1 year and 8 months to 50 years were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical manifestations, imaging manifestations, bacteriological examinations, surgical methods and therapeutic effects. All patients were given antibacterial drugs, glucocorticoids, and surgery. Read More

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February 2021