1,137 results match your criteria Orbital Infection Imaging


Invasive sino-orbital fungal infections in immunocompetent patients: a clinico-pathological study.

Eye (Lond) 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Orbit, Oculoplasty & Ocular Oncology, Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, India.

Objective: Invasive sino-orbital fungal infections in immunocompetent patients are a rare clinical entity; the diagnosis and management of which is challenging. We present a large case series of invasive sino-orbital fungal granulomas in patients without pre-existing systemic immunocomprimising condition.

Design: Retrospective case series. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-019-0358-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Acute Bilateral Oculomotor Nerve Palsy in an Adult Patient with Neisseria meningitidis.

Intern Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Cardiology, Komaki City Hospital, Japan.

A 69-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a fever, dizziness, and headache caused by Neisseria meningitidis. After ceftriaxone was administered, she suddenly developed bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy. Intra-orbital magnetic resonance imaging using appropriate sequences revealed that her bilateral third intracranial nerves were enlarged and enhanced. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2098-18DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A rare case of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis as a complication of sphenoid sinusitis.

Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Jan-Mar;31(1):63-65

Department of Pediatrics, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan.

Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is a rare disorder and may present with severe complications due to its proximity to the orbital and intracranial areas. We report a 13-year-old boy hospitalized for septic shock with fever of unknown origin. Facial palsy was later noted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_1_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334571PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Varicella zoster virus reactivation antedating ipsilateral brainstem stroke.

Dermatol Online J 2018 Aug 15;24(8). Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Department of Biomedical, Metabolic, Neural Sciences, University Hospital of Modena.

itor Title: Varicella zoster virus reactivation antedating ipsilateral brainstem stroke Authors: Giuliana Galassi1, Maurilio Genovese2, Marisa Meacci3, Marcella Malagoli2 Affiliations: 1Department of Biomedical, Metabolic, Neural Sciences, University Hospital of Modena, Italy, 2Neuroradiology Service, University Hospital of Modena, Italy, 3Department of Laboratory Medicine and Patholgy, Microbiology and Virology Unit, University Hospital of Modena, Italy Corresponding Author: Giuliana Galassi, MD, Department of Biomedical, Metabolic, Neural Sciences, University Hospital of Modena, Via P. Giardini 1455, Modena, Italy, Tel: 39-3497325802, Email: giulianagalassi46@gmail.com Abstract: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection and reactivation are associated with a number of neurologic conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2018
1 Read

Orbital compartment syndrome resulting in unilateral blindness in two dogs.

Open Vet J 2018 22;8(4):445-451. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Companion and Equine Animals, Ophthalmology, University of Liège, Quartier Vallée 2, Avenue de Cureghem 3, 4000 Liège, Belgium.

Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is described in humans as an acute rise in intraorbital pressure following a severe and rapidly evolving orbital affection. It includes orbital oedema, haemorrhage or infection causing a marked reduction in local blood perfusion, and severely affecting the orbital neurovascular structures. If not promptly recognised and treated, it results in irreversible blindness. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ovj.v8i4.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258518PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Outcomes and factors affecting them in patients with rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Eye Research Center, Rassoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Aim: To report the frequency and factors affecting patients', globe and vision survivals in rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM).

Methods: This is a retrospective study of 63 patients (79 eyes) with biopsy-proven ROCM at a university hospital 2008-2016. Systemic and ophthalmic manifestations, imaging, management and final outcomes were recorded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-312688DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Low-frequency fluctuation characteristics in rhesus macaques with SIV infection: a resting-state fMRI study.

J Neurovirol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No.8, Xi Tou Tiao, You An MenWai, Feng Tai District, Beijing, 100069, China.

Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected macaque is a widely used model to study human immunodeficiency virus. The purpose of the study is to discover the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and fractional ALFF (fALFF) changes in SIV-infected macaques. Seven rhesus macaques were involved in the longitudinal MRI scans: (1) baseline (healthy state); (2) SIV infection stage (12 weeks after SIV inoculation). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13365-018-0694-5DOI Listing
November 2018
2.595 Impact Factor

Assessment of Bioabsorbable Hydroxyapatite for Cranial Defect in Children.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Jan;30(1):e58-e60

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Purpose: To evaluate the utility and efficacy of bioabsorbable hydroxyapatite and collagen complex (HA/Col) for cranioplasty repair of cranial bone defects in children.

Methods: Two patients (a 6-year-old male and 11-year-old female) with Treacher Collins syndrome received zygoma and orbital floor reconstruction using a full thickness of parietal bone. The bone grafts were taken from each patient's parietal cranium. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001665-900000000-9523
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004974DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

[Imaging of orbital cellulitis in children: about 56 cases].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 31;30:94. Epub 2018 May 31.

Radiology Departement, Mother and Child's Hospital, Mohammed VI Teaching Center, Medical School of Marrakesh, Cadi Ayad University, Marrakesh, Morocco.

Orbital cellulitis is rare but potentially severe in children. Diagnosis is primarily based on clinical examination and imaging (CT or MRI). This study aims to highlight the role of imaging, in particular CT scan, in the diagnosis and in the treatment of this pathology. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.94.14672DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191269PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Ophtalmoplegia complicating sino-orbital mucormycosis.

Tunis Med 2018 Mar;96(3):224-226

Purpose: To report a case of complete ophthalmoplegia and blindness in sino-orbital mucormycosis.

Case Report: A 68-year-old woman with history of diabetes and breast cancer presented with sudden onset of fever, orbital pain and blindness in the right eye. The patient was found to have no light perception, complete ophthalmoplegia, chemosis, corneal ulcer and optic nerve atrophy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2018
2 Reads

Orbitocerebral Mucormycosis in a Patient With Central Nervous System Lymphoma.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov/Dec;34(6):e197-e201

Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science.

A 61-year-old man with well-controlled diabetes mellitus type 2, cirrhosis from hepatitis C, alcohol abuse, and portal hypertension presented with painful vision loss and left orbital swelling. Imaging showed diffuse orbital, perineural, and pachymeningeal inflammation. He was initially diagnosed with neurosarcoidosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231966PMC
November 2019
12 Reads

Septic Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis Associated With Orbital Cellulitis: A Report of 6 Cases and Review of Literature.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, U.S.A.

Purpose: To describe risk factors, clinical parameters, treatment, and prognosis for patients with septic cavernous sinus thrombosis presenting with orbital cellulitis.

Methods: Retrospective case series of 6 patients identified with septic cavernous sinus thrombosis and orbital cellulitis confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging at a tertiary care center from January 1980 to December 2016. Medical records were reviewed for demographics, risk factors, symptoms, etiology, radiographic diagnosis, complications, treatments, and outcomes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001231DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

CT and MR imaging of orbital inflammation.

Neuroradiology 2018 Dec 11;60(12):1253-1266. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Orbital inflammation can be idiopathic or in the context of a specific disease and it can involve different anatomical orbital structures. On imaging, inflammatory disease is frequently mistaken for infection and malignant tumors, and its underlying cause is often not determined. Through this article we aim to improve orbital inflammation diagnosis and underlying inflammatory diseases recognition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00234-018-2103-4
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-018-2103-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6244997PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

Sinusitis in Children.

Pediatr Ann 2018 Oct;47(10):e396-e401

Acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) mostly occurs as a complication of acute viral upper respiratory tract infection (URI), which is a common condition encountered in an outpatient setting. ABS manifests with three different presentations, most commonly as persistent symptoms of viral URI (nasal drainage and or cough) for more than 10 days. ABS is also diagnosed when the patient presents with severe symptoms of a URI accompanied by fever >102. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/19382359-20180919-01DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Necrotizing fungal infection due to : A case report and review of literature.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;66(10):1513-1516

Department of Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive and Aesthetics, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Mucormycosis caused by Saksenaea erythrospora is an emerging infection seen with soil contamination, burns and/or nosocomial infections. PCR amplification and internal transcribed spacer sequencing is gold standard for its identification. Here, we report a case of necrotizing fungal orbital infection by S. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2018/66/10/1513/242011
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_389_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173015PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

A Case of Radioactivity Concentrated in Orbital Implant in 99mTc-MDP Bone Scan and SPECT/CT.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Dec;43(12):e453-e454

From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Shanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Taiyuan, China.

A 27-year-old woman, who has received a hydroxyapatite orbital implant in the right eye due to a trauma 6 years ago, was newly diagnosis with left breast invasive ductal carcinoma. Tc-MDP bone scan showed an increased radiotracer accumulation in the right orbit and SPECT/CT confirmed the focal accumulation at the site of the implant, without any sign of local malignant lesions or orbital infection. Radionuclide imaging could provide certain useful information in diagnosing or differential diagnosing orbital disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00003072-900000000-9744
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002277DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Subperiosteal haematoma of the orbit secondary to frontal sinusitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 18;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

ENT, Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, UK.

Reported is the case of a 79-year-old woman initially diagnosed with periorbital abscess on the background of a recent upper respiratory tract infection. Unexpectedly, intraoperative findings were that of a haematoma rather than an abscess. Subperiosteal orbital haematoma (SOH) is an extremely rare complication of rhinosinusitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226476DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Clinical Features and Computed Tomography Findings Are Utilized to Characterize Retrobulbar Disease in Dogs.

Front Vet Sci 2018 21;5:186. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, United States.

The objective of this study is to describe the clinical features and computed tomography (CT) findings of dogs with retrobulbar disease. There are two facets to this study: a retrospective case series in which findings of dogs with primary vs. secondary retrobulbar disease are described, and a retrospective cross-sectional study in which computed tomography findings of dogs with retrobulbar neoplasia vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6113568PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Radiographic Course of Medically Managed Pediatric Orbital Subperiosteal Abscesses.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Nov 29;55(6):387-392. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Purpose: To describe the natural radiographic course of subperiosteal orbital abscesses that were managed medically in pediatric patients.

Methods: A retrospective case review was undertaken at Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics of Kansas City, Missouri. All patients admitted to the hospital and diagnosed as having orbital cellulitis or subperiosteal abscess from 2008 to 2017 were included in the study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01913913-20180802-02DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Spheno-Orbital Aneurysmal Bone Cyst in a 10-Month-Old Infant.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 2;117:371-376. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Aneurysmal bone cysts are benign bone lesions affecting long bones and vertebrae; only 2%-6% have cranial involvement, and even fewer show sphenoid or intraorbital involvement. Gross total resection is the treatment of choice.

Case Description: A 10-month-old girl presented with unilateral proptosis and no neurologic deficits. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.193DOI Listing
September 2018
14 Reads

Results of Transcranial Resection of Olfactory Groove Meningiomas in Relation to Imaging-Based Case Selection Criteria for the Endoscopic Approach.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Jul 31. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Division of Neurosurgery, Addenbrookes Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Background: Endoscopic endonasal surgery (EES) is increasingly used for olfactory groove meningiomas (OGMs). The role of EES for large (≥4 cm) or complex OGMs is debated. Specific imaging features have been reported to affect the degree of gross total resection (GTR) and complications following EES for OGMs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy191DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Isolated left upper eyelid ptosis with pansinusitis and contralateral otitis media in a 9-year-old boy.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Sep 21;11:6-9. Epub 2018 Apr 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Virginia, 1300 Jefferson Park Ave, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, USA.

Purpose: Upper eyelid ptosis has different etiologies in children and adults. In children, the common causes include orbital cellulitis, congenital ptosis, Cranial Nerve (CN) III palsy, and Horner's syndrome. The purpose of this report is to discuss an unusual presentation of ptosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.04.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6058058PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Orbital apex syndrome secondary to aspergilloma masquerading as a paranasal sinus tumor: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(30):e11650

Department of Ophthalmology.

Rationale: Orbital apex syndrome is a complex clinical disorder featuring a collection of cranial nerve deficits characterized by impairment of the extraocular muscles, the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve, and even the optic nerve. Sino-orbital aspergillosis is rare but aggressive infection. Surgical resection accompanied by antifungal medication is advised currently. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011650DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078660PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

An Interesting Case of a 57-Year-Old Male with an Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding and Obstructive Uropathy with Bilateral Hydronephrosis Diagnosed with Systemic Mucormycosis.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 20;2018:6283701. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Wyckoff Heights Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Mucormycosis is a rare and invasive fungal disease with high mortality rate caused by members of the order Mucorales. Mucorales species are vasotrophic organisms that may cause angioinvasive disease in immunosuppressed hosts. Risk factors include diabetic ketoacidosis, chronic kidney disease, organ or bone marrow transplantation, neutropenia, burns, malignancies, and steroid therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6283701DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6031073PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Combined Lid Crease and Endoscopic Approach to Lateral Frontal Sinus Disease With Orbital Extension.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Sep 4;127(9):637-642. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

2 Department of Otolaryngology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.

Introduction: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery for frontal sinus disease has obviated the need for external approaches. Special circumstances such as acute infection with orbital involvement or significant lateral sinus disease frequently require adjunct access. We describe the clinical outcomes of a combined upper eyelid crease and endoscopic approach for lateral frontal sinus disease with orbital extension. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418784967DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Orbital infections: a complete cycle 7-year audit and a management guideline.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Aug 4;275(8):2079-2088. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

ENT Department, University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK.

Objectives: Orbital infections are regularly encountered and are managed by various healthcare disciplines. Sepsis of the orbit and adjacent tissues can be associated with considerable acute complication and long-term sequelae. Therefore, prompt recognition and management of this condition are crucial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5025-1DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Management of pediatric orbital cellulitis: A systematic review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jul 8;110:123-129. Epub 2018 May 8.

Department of Otolaryngology, Boston University School of Medicine, 4th Floor, FGH Building, 820 Harrison Ave., Boston, MA 02118, United States. Electronic address:

Objectives: Orbital complications account for 74-85% of all complications from acute sinusitis, more often affect the pediatric population, and can result in devastating consequences. Therefore these patients require prompt diagnosis and proper management. We review and summarize the current literature to determine the appropriate management of each stage of pediatric orbital cellulitis and offer a new comprehensive literature-based algorithm. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.05.006DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Complications in transorbital penetrating injury by bamboo branch: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 May;97(19):e0706

Department of Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, PR China.

Rationale: Wooden transorbital penetrating injury is an uncommon and serious trauma that may cause multiply complications.

Patient Concerns: Here we describe a 62-year-old Chinese woman with a transorbital penetrating injury caused by a long bamboo branch.

Diagnosis: Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of a wooden foreign body. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5959417PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Man with a Swollen Eye: Nonspecific Orbital Inflammation in an Adult in the Emergency Department.

J Emerg Med 2018 07 30;55(1):110-113. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Oculoplastic Service, Department of Surgery (Ophthalmology), Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Background: Nonspecific orbital inflammation (NSOI) is a rare idiopathic ocular pathology characterized by unilateral, painful orbital swelling without identifiable infectious or systemic disorders, which can be complicated by optic nerve compromise.

Case Report: A 50-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with recurring, progressive painless left eye swelling, decreased visual acuity, and binocular diplopia in the absence of trauma, infection, or known malignancy. His physical examination was notable for left-sided decreased visual acuity, an afferent pupillary defect, severe left eye proptosis and chemosis, and restricted extraocular movements; his dilatated funduscopic examination was notable for ipsilateral retinal folds within the macula, concerning for a disruption between the sclera and the retina. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.04.001DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

Management of a Severe Cervicofacial Odontogenic Infection.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Mar 1;19(3):352-355. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco, Camaragibe, Brazil.

Introduction: Odontogenic infections originate from a tooth or from its supporting structures, generally secondary to a pulp necrosis, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, apical lesions, or complications of dental procedures, which can be restricted to the alveolus or can reach the jaws and face through maxillofacial spaces. These are the most common conditions which affect the head and neck regions.

Aim: The aim of this study is to report a severe case of a cervicofacial odontogenic infection while discussing the most relevant aspects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
March 2018
17 Reads

The Role of Aging, Drug Dependence, and Hepatitis C Comorbidity in Alcoholism Cortical Compromise.

JAMA Psychiatry 2018 May;75(5):474-483

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Importance: The prevalence of alcohol misuse increased substantially over a decade in adults, particularly in those aged 65 years or older. Ramifications for brain structural integrity are significant, especially in older adults.

Objectives: To combine cross-sectional, longitudinal data to test age-alcoholism interactions and examine the association between prevalent comorbidities (drug dependence and hepatitis C virus [HCV] infection) and cortical volume deficits in alcohol dependence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875381PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Orbital Inflammatory Complications of Crohn's Disease: A Rare Case Series.

Clin Med Insights Gastroenterol 2018 20;11:1179552218757512. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre, National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust and University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Orbital inflammatory disease is a rare ophthalmic manifestation of Crohn's disease. Inflammation is characteristically nonspecific, involving one or multiple structures of the orbit. Mechanisms of disease and optimal methods of treatment are poorly understood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179552218757512DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5824895PMC
February 2018
13 Reads

Indicators for imaging in periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Apr 15;275(4):943-948. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Tel Aviv University Sackler School of Medicine, 70300, Zerifin, Israel.

Purpose: Our objective was to identify the clinical indicators for subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) among patients who present with periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis, and to evaluate the need for performing a computerized tomography (CT) scan.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of all patients admitted to our tertiary care emergency department between 2006 and 2014 was conducted. Included were healthy patients with acute periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-4897-4DOI Listing
April 2018
3 Reads
1.610 Impact Factor

Orbital cellulitis and brain abscess - rare complications of maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2017 Apr-Jun;61(2):133-136

ENT Department, Clinical Emergency County Hospital, Constanta, Romania.

Sinus infections can be complicated by ocular infections and, in late phases, by brain parenchyma infection. The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis, ending with the development of a brain abscess. The treatment is complex, initially targeting the source of the infection through draining the collection by middle maxillary antrostomy and anterior posterior ethmoidectomy, then the ablation of the brain abscess and postoperatively with prolonged massive antibiotherapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5710022PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Orbital Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis Mimicking IgG4-Related Disease in a 12-Year-Old Male.

Int J Surg Pathol 2018 Aug 25;26(5):453-458. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

1 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is rare in children. We report a case of a 12-year-old male who presented with new symptoms of left eyelid swelling and ptosis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an enhancing orbital mass suspicious for a neoplasm. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896917754252DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Orbital sparganosis in an 8-year boy: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Jan 22;18(1):13. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Eye Center, the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, No. 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, 310009, People's Republic of China.

Background: Sparganosis is one of the neglected but important food-borne parasitic zoonoses, with higher prevalence in Asian countries. The infection is commonly located in the subcutaneous tissue, brain, breast, and lung, but fewer reported infections involve the eye. Because the majority of patients with sparganosis are adults, it is likely to be missed in children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmcophthalmol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0675-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5778690PMC
January 2018
18 Reads

Orbital granulomatosis with polyangiitis masquerading as invasive fungal sinusitis.

Orbit 2018 Aug 5;37(4):309-312. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

a Stein Eye Institute, University of California , Los Angeles , CA , USA.

A 55-year-old man presented with unilateral orbital inflammation and no light perception vision. Imaging revealed infiltrative enhancement of the optic nerve, orbit, and intracranial tissue. The case was suspicious for invasive fungal disease, but ultimate workup and orbital biopsy revealed granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2017.1423339DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Conservative Management for Subperiosteal Orbital Abscess in Adults: A 20-Year Experience.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Mar 3;127(3):162-166. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

1 Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel.

Objective: Orbital complications (OC) secondary to acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) in adults are less common than in children, with assumed worse outcome.

Materials And Methods: Adults with OC secondary to ARS between 1994 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Parameters recorded included age, gender, clinical symptoms and signs, computed tomography (CT) scan findings, duration of hospitalization, treatment before and during admission, cultures, and outcome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489417751155DOI Listing
March 2018
20 Reads

CNS aspergilloma mimicking tumors: Review of CNS aspergillus infection imaging characteristics in the immunocompetent population.

J Neuroradiol 2018 May 19;45(3):169-176. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, JN medical College, Karnataka, India. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: CNS Aspergillosis is very rare and difficult to diagnose clinically and on imaging. Our objective was to elucidate distinct neuroimaging pattern of CNS aspergillosis in the immunocompetent population that helps to differentiate from other differential diagnosis.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of brain imaging findings was performed in eight proven cases of central nervous system aspergillosis in immunocompetent patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01509861173000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurad.2017.11.001DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Optic neuritis in dogs: 96 cases (1983-2016).

Vet Ophthalmol 2018 Sep 18;21(5):442-451. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA.

Objective: To characterize ocular and neurologic findings, causes, and treatment outcomes of dogs with optic neuritis.

Procedure: Medical records from dogs with a diagnosis of optic neuritis at North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Hospital between 1983 and 2016 were reviewed.

Results: Ninety-six cases (20 unilateral, 76 bilateral), comprised of 38 males and 58 females with a mean age of 6. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vop.12528
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vop.12528DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Orbital Cellulitis Presenting as Giant Cell Arteritis: A Case Report.

Acta Neurol Taiwan 2017 Jun;26(2):72-75

Department of Neurology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Purpose: To present a case of orbital cellulitis initially mimicking giant cell arteritis.

Case Report: An 80-year-old man with a history of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus was referred with a prominent progressive headache over the right temporal and periorbital areas. Non-contrast brain CT results were normal, but ESR was elevated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2017
14 Reads

Orbital cellulitis.

Surv Ophthalmol 2018 Jul - Aug;63(4):534-553. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece. Electronic address:

Orbital cellulitis (OC) is an inflammatory process that involves the tissues located posterior to the orbital septum within the bony orbit, but the term generally is used to describe infectious inflammation. It manifests with erythema and edema of the eyelids, vision loss, fever, headache, proptosis, chemosis, and diplopia. OC usually originates from sinus infection, infection of the eyelids or face, and even hematogenous spread from distant locations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.survophthal.2017.12.001DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

When an Orbital Infection Isn't Infectious at All: A Review of Orbital Inflammatory Syndrome.

Pediatr Ann 2017 Nov;46(11):e433-e436

Orbital inflammatory syndrome (OIS) includes a wide range of clinical manifestations and may initially be misdiagnosed as orbital cellulitis due similar symptoms of fever, periorbital swelling, and pain with eye movements. A diagnosis of OIS requires evaluation for underlying systemic disorders including autoimmune disorders and thyroid disease. Symptoms typically improve rapidly after initiation of steroid therapy, although recurrence can occur. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/19382359-20171023-03DOI Listing
November 2017
12 Reads

Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma With Primary Lacrimal Gland Involvement.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jan/Feb;34(1):e27-e29

Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital & Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Aichi, Japan.

A 69-year-old Japanese male presented with a 3-month history of bilateral ptosis with lacrimal gland bulge. He came from western Japan, an area endemic for human T-lymphotropic virus Type 1 infection. Physical examination and imaging revealed bilaterally enlarged lacrimal glands. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000000998DOI Listing
February 2018
8 Reads

Infected Nasal Dermoid Cyst/Sinus Tract Presenting With Bilateral Subperiosteal Supraorbital Abscesses: The Midline Nasal Tuft of Hair, an Overlooked Finding.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jan/Feb;34(1):e31-e34

Department of Ophthalmology, Department of Otolaryngology, and School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas.

This case is, to the authors' knowledge, the first reported case in the literature of bilateral orbital abscesses as result of an infected nasal dermoid. The baby presented with what proved to be bilateral supraorbital subperiosteal abscesses with associated frontal osteitis/osteomyelitis and soft tissue infection of the glabella. Methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus infection was found in the setting of a midline nasal dermoid with tuft of hair and infected sinus tract that was at least initially missed on diagnosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IOP.0000000000001000DOI Listing
February 2018
25 Reads

Primary Orbital Hydatid Cyst: A Case Report.

Acta Med Iran 2017 Aug;55(8):530-532

Department of Ophthalmology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Hydatid cyst is a rare parasitic infection that involved all organs. It caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus tapeworms. Hydatid cyst of the head and neck is a very rare condition, even in areas where Echinococcus infestation is endemic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2017
5 Reads

Imaging Patterns of Rhino-Orbital-Cerebral Mucormycosis in Immunocompromised Patients : When to Suspect Complicated Mucormycosis.

Clin Neuroradiol 2017 Dec 12;27(4):469-475. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe radiological imaging findings of a complicated sinusitis, which should raise the suspicion of rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis as being the underlying cause.

Methods: In this retrospective analysis, we describe the cases and imaging findings of 8 patients with proven mucormycosis. These patients presented mostly with new facial or orbital swelling and were referred for imaging to our institution. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00062-017-0629-1DOI Listing
December 2017
17 Reads

Orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis in Taiwan, 1988 through 2015: Acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, and management.

PLoS One 2017 3;12(10):e0184477. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Purpose: Paranasal sinusitis is widespread and can lead to orbital complications, blindness, and death. However, the correlation between ophthalmological findings and disease staging remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the staging, acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis during a 27-year period. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0184477PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5626037PMC
October 2017
15 Reads

Decreased CD3-CD16+CD56+ natural killer cell counts in children with orbital myositis: a clue to disease activity.

RMD Open 2017 11;3(1):e000385. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA.

The study aimed to document the utility of the absolute number of natural killer cells as a biomarker in paediatric orbital myositis (OM). Extracted data from four children with OM included demographics, laboratory values, imaging and treatment response. Stored sera (-80°C) were tested for IgG4 levels in three cases and antibody to Coxsackie B in two cases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/rmdopen-2016-000385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5604601PMC
July 2017
6 Reads