1,032,585 results match your criteria Oral surgery oral medicine oral pathology and oral radiology[Journal]


Pharmacokinetics of Prenylflavonoids following Oral Ingestion of Standardized Epimedium Extract in Humans.

Planta Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Leaves of the plant are traditionally consumed for bone health and other indications. The aim of this study was to establish the safety and pharmacokinetics of the metabolites of prenylflavonoids (icariin, icariside I, icariside II, icaritin, and desmethylicaritin) following single doses of a defined prenylflavonoid extract in humans. A single oral dose of 370, 740, or 1110 mg of a standardized prenylflavonoid extract was administered to 30 healthy male subjects in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
2.152 Impact Factor

High Circulating Alarin Levels Are Associated with Presence of Metabolic Syndrome.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;51(5):2041-2051. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Endocrinology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University and Chongqing Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Chongqing,

Background/aims: Alarin has been reported to be related with increased food intake and body weight. The relationship of circulating Alarin with insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome (MetS), however, is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the physiological role of Alarin and its association with MetS in humans. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Agreement is very low between a clinical prediction rule and physiotherapist assessment for classifying the risk of poor recovery of individuals with acute whiplash injury.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2018 Nov 19;39:73-79. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, G05, 3.20E Parklands Drive, Southport, 4222, Australia; Recover Injury Research Centre, NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Recovery Following Road Traffic Injuries, The University of Queensland, Level 7 Oral Health Centre, 288 Herston Road, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: A prognostic clinical prediction rule (whiplash CPR) has been validated for use in individuals with acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD). The clinical utility of this tool is unknown.

Objectives: To investigate: 1) the level of agreement between physiotherapist- and whiplash CPR-determined prognostic risk classification of people with acute WAD; 2) which clinical findings are used by physiotherapists to classify prognostic risk; and 3) whether physiotherapists plan to differ the number of treatment sessions provided based on prognostic risk classification. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Submuscular gluteal abcess: An unusual presentation of rare sacral tuberculosis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 24;54:55-59. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital - Faculty of Medicine Universitas, Jl. Pangeran Diponegoro No. 71, Salemba, Central Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Both gluteal abscess and sacral tuberculosis are rare entities in spinal tuberculosis cases. Even in endemic country, this atypical presentation may be the cause of delayed diagnosis and treatment.

Presentation Of Case: A 51-year-old woman was admitted with painless massive lump on both of her thighs that have been enlarging for the past 6 months. Read More

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November 2018

Simultaneous analysis of acetylcarnitine, proline, hydroxyproline, citrulline, and arginine as potential plasma biomarkers to evaluate NSAIDs-induced gastric injury by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Nov 24;165:101-111. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Although major adverse effects associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are gastric injury, assessment of NSAIDs-induced gastrointestinal adverse effects is mostly dependent on endoscopy due to the lack of plasma biomarkers. Several amino acids associated with collagenase activity and gastric mucosal mass have been suggested as plasma biomarker candidates for gastric injury. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the plasma biomarker candidates, i. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Effects of anterior tongue strengthening exercises on posterior tongue strength in healthy young adults.

Arch Oral Biol 2018 Nov 28;98:238-242. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare, 288 Matsushima, Kurashiki, Okayama 701-0193, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether anterior tongue muscle strengthening exercises can affect the strength of posterior tongue muscles.

Design: Eleven healthy subjects (20.6 ± 1. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The effect of unilateral lingual nerve injury on the kinematics of mastication in pigs.

Arch Oral Biol 2018 Nov 22;98:226-237. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Irvine Hall 228, Athens, OH, 45701, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: This study evaluates the effect of unilateral lingual sensory loss on the spatial and temporal dynamics of jaw movements during pig chewing.

Design: X-ray Reconstruction of Moving Morphology (XROMM) was used to reconstruct the 3-dimensional jaw movements of 6 pigs during chewing before and after complete unilateral lingual nerve transection. The effect of the transection were evaluated at the temporal and spatial level using Multiple Analysis of Variance. Read More

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November 2018
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Left Atrial Appendage Closure Device Implantation in Patients with Prior Intracranial Hemorrhage.

Heart Rhythm 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Section of Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:

Background: The Watchman™ device (Boston Scientific, MN), used for left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) was approved for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and an appropriate rationale to avoid long-term oral anticoagulation. Patients with AF and prior intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were excluded from clinical trials due to perceived risks of peri-operative anticoagulation.

Objective: We studied the efficacy and safety of LAAC using Watchman™ in patients with AF and prior ICH. Read More

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November 2018

Alternate day fasting decreases preference for a calorically dense diet by increasing chow intake and altering meal pattern parameters.

Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychology, California State University Long Beach, Long Beach, CA 90840, USA. Electronic address:

Alternate day fasting (ADF) is an effective dietary strategy for weight loss in both humans and rats. However, fasting can elicit hyperphagia in rats, particularly upon access to a calorically dense, high-energy (HE) diet. To examine the effects of ADF on HE diet preference, male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to receive either ad-libitum or alternate day access to both chow and HE food. Read More

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December 2018
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Alpha-pinene attenuates UVA-induced photoaging through inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases expression in mouse skin.

Life Sci 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Center for Transdisciplinary Research and Innovation, Waikato Institute of Technology, Wintec Private Bag, Waikato Mail Centre, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Aim: The present study was designed to examine the role of alpha-pinene (AP) against skin photoaging in UVA-irradiated mice.

Materials And Methods: Swiss albino mice were subjected to UVA-irradiation at the rate of 10 J/cm per day for ten days, totally mouse received 100 J/cm. One hour prior to each UVA-exposure, the mouse skin was topically treated with AP (100 mg kg/b·wt). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads
2.702 Impact Factor

MiR-15b is a key regulator of proliferation and apoptosis of chondrocytes from patients with condylar hyperplasia by targeting IGF1, IGF1R and BCL2.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei province, China. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to explore potential microRNAs (miRNAs), which participate in the pathological process of condylar hyperplasia (CH) through targeting specific proliferation- and apoptosis-related genes of chondrocytes.

Methods: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) and B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL2) in CH cartilage were detected by real-time PCR, Western blot, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. MiRanda and TargetScanS algorithms were used to predict certain miRNAs in CH chondrocytes concurrently modulating the above three genes. Read More

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December 2018
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Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Regeneration in colonial and solitary Ascidians.

Dev Biol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA USA.

Regenerative ability is highly variable among the metazoans. While many invertebrate organisms are capable of complete regeneration of entire bodies and organs, whole-organ regeneration is limited to very few species in the vertebrate lineages. Tunicates, which are invertebrate chordates and the closest extant relatives of the vertebrates, show robust regenerative ability. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Expression of the neuropeptides RFamide and LWamide during development of the coral Acropora millepora in relation to settlement and metamorphosis.

Dev Biol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Ecology and Evolution, Bldg 46, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia. Electronic address:

Neuropeptides play critical roles in cnidarian development. However, although they are known to play key roles in settlement and metamorphosis, their temporal and spatial developmental expression has not previously been characterized in any coral. We here describe Acropora millepora LWamide and RFamide and their developmental expression from the time of their first appearance, using in situ hybridization and FMRFamide immunohistochemistry. Read More

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December 2018
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Shining Sunlight on Industry Payments in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: The Sunshine Act.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.

Purpose: To characterize industry payments to oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs) and to determine the accuracy of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Open Payments Databases.

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of the CMS General and Research Payments Databases in 2016 for clinicians categorized as OMSs. General payments include consulting fees, honoraria, gifts, entertainment, food and beverage, travel and education, and others. Read More

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November 2018
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Quantitative Detection of Fipronil and Fipronil-Sulfone in Sera of Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs and Rats after Oral Exposure to Fipronil by Camel Single-Domain Antibody-Based Immunoassays.

Anal Chem 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The insecticide fipronil can be metabolized to its sulfone in mammalian species. Two camel single-domain antibodies (VHHs) F1 and F6, selective to fipronil and fipronil-sulfone, respectively, were generated and used to develop enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for the detection of the two compounds in the sera of black-tailed prairie dogs and rats. The limits of detection of fipronil and fipronil-sulfone in the rodent sera by the corresponding ELISAs were 10 and 30 ng mL-1, and the linear ranges were 30-1000 and 75-2200 ng mL-1. Read More

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December 2018

Vaccines for preventing invasive salmonella infections in people with sickle cell disease.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 5;12:CD006975. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Paediatrics, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, PMB 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria, 540261.

Background: Salmonella infections are a common bacterial cause of invasive disease in people with sickle cell disease especially children, and are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Although available in some centres, people with sickle cell anaemia are not routinely immunized with salmonella vaccines. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Acupuncture and related interventions for the treatment of symptoms associated with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 2;12:CD011215. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Beom-eu, Meulgeum, Yangsan, Korea, South, 626-870.

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a compressive neuropathic disorder at the level of the wrist. Acupuncture and other methods that stimulate acupuncture points, such as electroacupuncture, auricular acupuncture, laser acupuncture, moxibustion, and acupressure, are used in treating CTS. Acupuncture has been recommended as a potentially useful treatment for CTS, but its effectiveness remains uncertain. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Oral and intrauterine progestogens for atypical endometrial hyperplasia.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 4;12:CD009458. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 20, Section Three, Ren Min Nan Lu Avenue, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, 610041.

Background: Endometrial carcinoma is the most common gynaecologic malignancy in the world and develops through preliminary stages of endometrial hyperplasia. Atypical endometrial hyperplasia suggests a significant pre-malignant state with frank progression to endometrial carcinoma, and tends to occur at a young age. Oral progestins have been used as conservative treatment in young women with atypical endometrial hyperplasia, but they are associated with poor tolerability and side effects that may limit their overall efficacy. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Comparative study of immediate loading on short dental implants and conventional dental implants in the posterior mandible: A randomized clinical trial.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: Immediate dental implant loading has been investigated with favorable results. However, short implants have not been investigated in this treatment option. This study compared the clinical outcomes and survival rates of immediately loaded short and conventional length dental implants in replacing mandibular molar teeth. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of Three-Dimensional Accuracy of Digital and Conventional Implant Impressions: Effect of Interimplant Distance in an Edentulous Arch.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: This study compared the three-dimensional (3D) accuracy of conventional impressions with digital impression systems (intraoral scanners and dental laboratory scanners) for two different interimplant distances in maxillary edentulous arches.

Materials And Methods: Six impression systems comprising one conventional impression material(Impregum), two intraoral scanners (TRIOS and True Definition), and three dental laboratory scanners (Ceramill Map400, inEos X5, and D900) were evaluated on two completely edentulous maxillary arch master models (A and B) with six and eight implants, respectively. Centroid positions at the implant platform level were derived using either physical or virtual probe hits with a coordinate measuring machine. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Accuracy of a Dynamic Dental Implant Navigation System in a Private Practice.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: To evaluate the in vivo accuracy of dental implants placed using a dynamic computer-aided dental implant (CAI) navigation system. The impact of various factors on accuracy was also analyzed.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective, in vivo study was performed during the period of October 2015 to December 2017. Read More

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December 2018
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Influence of UV irradiation and cold atmospheric pressure plasma on zirconia surfaces: an in vitro study.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: To compare the influence of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAP) treatment on surface structure, surface chemistry, cytocompatibility, and cell behavior on zirconia in vitro.

Materials And Methods: Zirconia samples (TZ-3YSBE) were treated by UV irradiation, oxygen plasma, or argon plasma for 12 minutes each and compared with the nontreated samples. Surface analysis was conducted using scanning electron microscopy, roughness analysis, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Read More

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December 2018

Mandible reconstruction with patient-specific implants: Case report of five consecutive patients.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The purpose of this case report was to assess whether patient-specific implants (PSI: Xillocs) and soft tissue flaps contribute in reconstructing large mandibular defects. Five patients with a medical situation and history not suitable for free microvascular bone flaps were operated with PSI and evaluated. The mean follow-up time was 12 months. Read More

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December 2018
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Bone Graft Displacement After Maxillary Sinus Floor Augmentation With or Without Covering Barrier Membrane: A Retrospective Computed Tomographic Image Evaluation.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: Scientific publications have recently found that bone graft quality and implant survival rates were not influenced by antrostomy membrane coverage during maxillary sinus floor augmentation with a lateral approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stability of the bone substitute after a maxillary sinus floor augmentation procedure with or without using a covering membrane.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study evaluated all patients who were enrolled between April 2016 and January 2017. Read More

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December 2018

A Comparative Study with Biphasic Calcium Phosphate to Deproteinized Bovine Bone in Maxillary Sinus Augmentation: A Prospective Randomized and Controlled Clinical Trial.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new graft material, biphasic calcium phosphate, composed of 60% hydroxyapatite and 40% β-Tricalcium phosphate and deproteinized bovine bone mineral, which is established as a predictable graft material for maxillary sinus augmentation.

Materials And Methods: Maxillary sinus augmentation was performed with different bone materials. Bone biopsies were performed on tissue harvested from the future implant bed using a trephine bur at 6 months after maxillary sinus augmentation. Read More

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December 2018
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Micro-ATR FTIR, SEM-EDS and X-ray micro-CT: an innovative multi-technique approach to investigate bone affected by peri-implantitis.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The aim of this work was to prove the synergic complementarity of attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (micro-ATR FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and x-ray computed microtomography (micro-CT) by studying implant samples with bone affected by peri-implantitis.

Materials And Methods: Six samples of implanted bone affected by peri-implantitis and one control healthy bone were analyzed. Thick bone sections included in epoxy-resin and removed implants were analyzed by micro-ATR FTIR, SEM-EDS, and micro-CT. Read More

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December 2018

A laminin-derived functional peptide, PPFEGCIWN, promotes bone formation on sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched titanium implant surfaces.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo bone-forming potential of a sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA) titanium (Ti) surface treated with a laminin-derived functional peptide, PPFEGCIWN (DN3).

Materials And Methods: Human osteoblast-like MG63 cells were cultured with SLA Ti discs untreated or treated with DN3 or a control scrambled peptide (SP). Cell adhesion, spreading, and viability on the discs were tested. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of the height of the antrostomy in sinus floor elevation assessed by cone beam computed tomography- a randomized clinical trial.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: To evaluate the influence of the height of the antrostomy on dimensional variations of the elevated space after sinus floor elevation.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-four healthy volunteers planned for sinus floor elevation were included in the study. An antrostomy of either 4 mm (Group A) or 8 mm (Group B) in height was prepared in the lateral wall of the sinus. Read More

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December 2018
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Regenerated Bone Pattern Around Exposed Implants with Various Designs.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The design and surface features of dental implants substantially affect the healing and remodeling of adjacent bones. This study aimed to investigate the impact of design and surface on bone regeneration using implants of two different pitches, each with three different surface features.

Materials And Methods: Custom-manufactured titanium implants (length, 10 mm; diameter, 3. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The effect of the configurations of fiducial markers on accuracy of surgical navigation in zygomatic implant placement: An in vitro study.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: Real-time surgical navigation has been increasingly applied in implant placement. The initial registration procedures were found to substantially affect the overall accuracy of the system for zygomatic implant placement, but the exact number and distribution of fiducial markers was yet undetermined. This study aimed to determine the minimal numbers and optimal distributions of fiducial markers to achieve clinically acceptable accuracy in surgical navigation, through systematically analyzing the effects of different setups of fiducial markers on target registration errors (TRE). Read More

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December 2018
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Quantification of image artifacts from navigation markers in dynamic guided implant surgery and the effect on registration performance in different clinical scenarios.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: Different navigation markers in dynamic guided implant surgery could cause different degrees of artifacts, which would affect the accuracy and efficiency of the implant navigation system. This study aimed to quantify artifacts caused by navigation markers made of different materials and to evaluate their effects on registration accuracy under various oral conditions.

Materials And Methods: Four U-shaped tubes with different navigation markers (440c stainless steel, silicon nitride, zirconium oxide, and aluminium oxide) were produced by three-dimensional printing. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Instrument Selection and Application Used to Probe Dental Implants.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to survey clinicians' choice of peri-implant instrument selection and the application used to probe dental implants as well as to evaluate peri-implant probing force and pressure applied as compared to that reported in current literature.

Materials And Methods: 48 clinicians (16 periodontists/periodontal residents, 16 restorative dentists and 16 hygienists) participated in the study. A questionnaire to determine the frequency and method of probing dental implants was provided and subject to the Chi-square test. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Long-term results of endosseous implants as retention elements of orbital epitheses, reconstruction techniques, and aftercare after radical tumor resection.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the long-term results of implants in orbital reconstruction after exenteration.

Materials And Methods: From 1998 to 2012, patients undergoing implant-supported rehabilitation after subtotal or total exenteration due to a tumor were included in a retrospective study. All the patients were evaluated for soft tissue reconstruction, irradiation, complications, abutments, hygiene index, implant mobility, and long-term success. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The promises and risks of probiotic Bacillus species.

Acta Biochim Pol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Uniwersytet Gdański Wydział Chemii Katedra Biotechnologii Molekularnej ul. Wita Stwosza 63 80-308 Gdańsk.

Supplementing the human microbiome with probiotic microorganisms is a proposed solution for civilization syndromes such as dysbiosis and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorders. Bimodal probiotic strains of the Bacillus genus constitute the microbiota of the human environment, and are typically found in soil, water, a number of non-dairy fermented foods, as well as in human and animal GIT. Probiotic Bacillus sp. Read More

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December 2018

Rapid and substantial increases in anticoagulant use and expenditure in Australia following the introduction of new types of oral anticoagulants.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208824. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Objectives: To quantify changes in anticoagulant use in Australia since the introduction of Non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants (NOACs) and to estimate government expenditure.

Design: Interrupted-time-series analysis quantifying anticoagulant dispensing, before and after first Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) NOAC listing in August 2009 for venous thromboembolism prevention; and expanded listing for stroke prevention in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in August 2013, up to June 2016. Estimated government expenditure on PBS-listed anticoagulants. Read More

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December 2018

The eyes know it: Toddlers' visual scanning of sad faces is predicted by their theory of mind skills.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208524. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

The current research explored toddlers' gaze fixation during a scene showing a person expressing sadness after a ball is stolen from her. The relation between the duration of gaze fixation on different parts of the person's sad face (e.g. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Effects of acute exposures of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene and inorganic lead on the fecal microbiome of the green anole (Anolis carolinensis).

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208281. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The Environmental Laboratory, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, Mississippi, United States of America.

Microbiome studies focused on ecologically relevant vertebrate models like reptiles have been limited. Because of their relatively small home range, fast maturation, and high fecundity, lizards are an excellent reptilian terrestrial indicator species. For this study we used the green anole, Anolis carolinensis, to assess the impact of military relevant contaminants on fecal microbiome composition. Read More

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December 2018
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Patient-reported outcomes associated with different restorative techniques in pediatric dentistry: A systematic review and MTC meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208437. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Despite the increasing number of studies evaluating patient reported outcome measures (PROs), there is no clearness regarding which restorative treatment offers major benefits based on the pediatric patient perspective.

Aim: To compare different restorative techniques in pediatric dentistry regarding patient-reported outcomes.

Design: Literature searching was carried out on prospective studies indexed in PubMed, Scopus and OpenGrey. Read More

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December 2018
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Gut microbiota signatures in cystic fibrosis: Loss of host CFTR function drives the microbiota enterophenotype.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208171. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Unit of Human Microbiome, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a disorder affecting the respiratory, digestive, reproductive systems and sweat glands. This lethal hereditary disease has known or suspected links to the dysbiosis gut microbiota. High-throughput meta-omics-based approaches may assist in unveiling this complex network of symbiosis modifications. Read More

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December 2018
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2'-Hydroxyflavanone activity in vitro and in vivo against wild-type and antimony-resistant Leishmania amazonensis.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 6;12(12):e0006930. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Laboratório de Bioquímica de Tripanosomatídeos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: To overcome the current problems in leishmaniasis chemotherapy, natural products have become an interesting alternative over the past few decades. Flavonoids have been studied as promising family of compounds for leishmaniasis treatment. 2'-Hydroxyflavanone (2HF) is a flavanone, a class of flavonoid that has shown promising results in cancer studies. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Not performing an OGTT results in underdiagnosis, inadequate risk assessment and probable cost increases of (pre)diabetes in Han Chinese over 40 years: a population based prospective cohort study.

Endocr Connect 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

L Chen, Endocrinology, Tongji Hospital affiliated with Tongji Medical School of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Screening for (pre)diabetes is recommended in China using fasting blood glucose as routine strategy currently but not oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in high-risk population. We aimed to explore the impact by not performing an OGTT in Han Chinese over 40 years. 6682 participants were included in the prospective cohort study followed up for 3 years. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Insight into the perioperative management of direct oral anticoagulants: concerns and considerations.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

d Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics , The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital , Hong Kong , China.

Introduction: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have gained momentum in recent years in patients requiring anticoagulation for the prevention and management of venous thromboembolism and thromboembolic events caused by atrial fibrillation. The use of these agents involves potential bleeding complications, particularly during invasive procedures. With increasing use of DOACs, adequate knowledge regarding the perioperative management of patients on DOACs has become indispensable. Read More

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December 2018

Application of amniotic membrane in reconstructive urology; the promising biomaterial worth further investigation.

Expert Opin Biol Ther 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

e Chair of Urology, Department of Regenerative Medicine, Collegium Medicum , Nicolaus Copernicus University , Bydgoszcz , Poland ;

Introduction: In reconstructive urology, autologous tissues such as intestinal segments, skin, and oral mucosa are used. Due to their limitations, reconstructive urologists are waiting for a novel material, which would be suitable for urinary tract wall replacement. Human amniotic membrane (AM) is a naturally derived biomaterial with a capacity to support reepithelization and inhibit scar formation. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Prophylaxis of osteonecrosis in the case of patients treated with bisphosphonates: A review paper.

Dent Med Probl 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Bisphosphonates are a group of medicines used in the treatment of oncological osteoporosis, Paget disease and osteogenesis imperfecta. They significantly interfere with the regeneration processes of bone tissue and have a tendency to accumulate in the areas of increased bone remodeling, i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of the Serum Levels of Galectin-3 in Patients with Oral Lichen Planus Disease.

Oral Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Oral and Dental Disease Research Center, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objectives: Galectin-3, a member of beta-galactoside-binding proteins, can be found in cytoplasm and nucleus as well as extracellularly in various tissues and involved in many physiological and pathological processes. We aimed to measure the serum levels of galectin-3 in oral lichen planus (OLP) disease and compare the result with that observed in healthy ones.

Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the serum levels of galectin-3 were measured in 56 healthy individuals and 53 pathologically proven OLP patients including those with atrophic/erosive (33 cases) or reticular (20 cases) lesions, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
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