1,033,397 results match your criteria Oral Submucous Fibrosis


[Cobalamin deficiency in dogs and cats].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Oct 12;46(5):309-314. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Cobalamin is a member of the B-group of vitamins and a cofactor for metabolic processes like nucleic acid synthesis, amino acid synthesis, and the citric acid cycle. Mammals are unable to synthesize cobalamin and therefore rely on adequate food intake. Cobalamin absorption is a complex process in the stomach, duodenum, and ileum, requiring a functional exocrine pancreas. Read More

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October 2018
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Validated screening tools for the assessment of cachexia, sarcopenia, and malnutrition: a systematic review.

Am J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec;108(6):1196-1208

Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: There is great overlap between the presentation of cachexia, sarcopenia, and malnutrition. Distinguishing between these conditions would allow for better targeted treatment for patients.

Objectives: The aim was to systematically review validated screening tools for cachexia, sarcopenia, and malnutrition in adults and, if a combined tool is absent, make suggestions for the generation of a novel screening tool. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Patterns and Perceptions of Self-Management for Osteoarthritis Pain in African American Older Adults.

Pain Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Nursing, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

Objective: To explore and describe older African Americans' patterns and perceptions of managing chronic osteoarthritis pain.

Methods: A convergent parallel mixed-methods design incorporating cross-sectional surveys and individual, semistructured interviews.

Setting: One hundred ten African Americans (≥50 years of age) with clinical osteoarthritis (OA) or provider-diagnosed OA from communities in northern Louisiana were enrolled. Read More

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December 2018

Characterizing the Motor Skills in Children with Specific Language Impairment.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2018 Dec 12;71(1):42-55. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background/aims: Specific language impairment (SLI) is characterized by deficits in language ability. However, studies have also reported motor impairments in SLI. It has been proposed that the language and motor impairments in SLI share common origins. Read More

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December 2018

Comparative Study of MSCA-1 and CD146 Isolated Periosteal Cell Subpopulations.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 12;51(3):1193-1206. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Hospital of Tübingen, Tübingen,

Background/aims: Periosteal tissue is a valuable source of multipotent stem cells for bone tissue engineering. To characterize these cells in detail, we generated an immortalized human cranial periosteal cell line and observed an increased MSCA-1 and CD146 expression, as well as an earlier and stronger mineralization compared to the parental cells. Further, we detected a higher osteogenic potential of MSCA-1high compared to MSCA-1low cranial periosteal cell (CPC) fractions. Read More

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December 2018

Additional Effect of Perioperative, Compared with Preoperative, Immunonutrition After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.

Int J Surg 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

From the Department of General Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Chiba, 260-0856, Japan.

Background: We have reported that perioperative and preoperative immunonutrition reduced infectious complications in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy; however, it is unclear whether perioperative immunonutrition has additional effects compared with preoperative immunonutrition. The present study evaluated whether perioperative, compared with preoperative, immunonutrition has additional effects on cell-mediated immunity and the infection rate after pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Materials And Methods: This was a prospective, randomized clinical trial conducted in our institution. Read More

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December 2018

Re-exposure in cone beam computed tomography of the dentomaxillofacial region: a retrospective study.

Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2018 Dec 12:20180184. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Plastic Surgery, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz , Mainz , Germany.

Objective:: CBCT often use a smaller field of view compared to conventional CT scans. This might lead to a wrong field of view with the need for secondary exposure ("retakes"). The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the frequency of re-exposures in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to identify whether the parameters age, gender and FOV have an influence on the re-exposure of the patient. Read More

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December 2018

Are metal artefact reduction algorithms effective to correct cone beam CT artefacts arising from the exomass?

Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2018 Dec 12:20180290. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas , Piracicaba , Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of metal artefact reduction (MAR) in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) artefacts arising from metallic objects in the exomass. A radiographic phantom composed of 16 polypropylene tubes filled with a homogeneous radiopaque solution was created. CBCT scans were obtained with two units: Picasso Trio (Vatech, South Korea) and ProMax (Planmeca, Finland). Read More

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December 2018

Can a high-density dental material affect the automatic exposure compensation of digital radiographic images?

Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2018 Dec 12:20180331. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Division of Oral Radiology,, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas (UNICAMP) , Sao Paulo , Brazil.

Objective:: To investigate the influence of high-density dental material on the automatic exposure compensation (AEC) of digital radiographic imaging systems.

Methods:: Two radiographic phantoms were custom made to reproduce radiographic densities of the dental tissues: enamel, dentin and pulp chamber. The phantoms were X-rayed using the Digora Toto, Digora Optime and VistaScan systems for 0. Read More

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December 2018

Biphenyl Gal and GalNAc FmlH Lectin Antagonists of Uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC): Optimization through iterative rational drug design.

J Med Chem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The F9/Yde/Fml pilus, tipped with the FmlH adhesin, has been shown to provide Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) a fitness advantage in urinary tract infections (UTIs). Here, we used X-ray structure guided design to optimize our previously described ortho-biphenyl Gal and GalNAc FmlH antagonists such as compound 1, by replacing the carboxylate with a sulfonamide as in 50. Other groups which can accept H-bonds were also tolerated. Read More

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December 2018

[Oral contraception and the risk of breast cancer. Review of the literature].

Magy Onkol 2018 Dec 10;62(4):258-263. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Uzsoki Utcai Kórház, Fõvárosi Onkoradiológiai Központ, Budapest, Hungary.

At present an estimated hundred millions of women worldwide use oral contraception, but the influence of hormonal contraception on carcinogenesis of breast is not fully understood. Previous studies of breast cancer risk show inconsistent findings - from zero elevation to approximately 30%-40% increase in risk. The beneficial effect on ovarian and endometrial cancer risk is apparent. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluating the impact of meloxicam oral suspension administered at parturition on subsequent production, health, and culling in dairy cows: A randomized clinical field trial.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209236. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Solvet Animal Health, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Parturition is a painful event experienced by cows at the onset of lactation. This pain could lead to a reduced feed intake, altered metabolic and immunological status, and a host of other diseases that could seriously limit her productive herd lifespan. The objective of the current study was to assess the effect of administration of a single dose of oral meloxicam, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), on the production and health status of cows during their lactation. Read More

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December 2018

Penetration of new antidiabetic medications in East Asian countries and the United States: A cross-national comparative study.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208796. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America.

Background: The number of patients with diabetes is increasing particularly in Asia-Pacific region. Many of them are treated with antidiabetics. As the basis of the studies on the benefit and harm of antidiabetic drugs in the region, the information on patterns of market penetration of new classes of antidiabetic medications is important in providing context for subsequent research and analyzing and interpreting results. Read More

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December 2018

Adherence to quality of care measurements among 58,182 patients with new onset diabetes and its association with mortality.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208539. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The Department of Family Medicine, The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, University of Tel Aviv, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: Disease registry for diabetes care encourages transparency and benchmarking of quality of care (QoC) measurements for all service providers and seems to improve diabetes care. This study evaluate changes over time in QoC measurement performance in a large diabetes registry among newly diagnosed diabetics and it association with mortality.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients in a large health maintenance organization diabetes registry from years 2000 to 2013. Read More

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December 2018
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Corticosteroid use and increased CXCR2 levels on leukocytes are associated with lumacaftor/ivacaftor discontinuation in cystic fibrosis patients homozygous for the F508del CFTR mutation.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0209026. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Pediatrics, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, United States of America.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common life-shortening genetic disease and is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Several current therapies aim at improving availability and/or function of the mutant CFTR proteins. The combination therapeutic lumacaftor/ivacaftor (Orkambi, luma/iva) partially corrects folding and potentiates CFTR function impaired by the F508del mutation. Read More

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December 2018

Chitosan-based nanodelivery systems applied to the development of novel triclabendazole formulations.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207625. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology (IBBP), Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Münster, Germany.

Triclabendazole is a poorly-water soluble (0.24 μg/mL) compound classified into the Class II/IV of the Biopharmaceutical Classification System. It is the drug of choice to treat fascioliasis, a neglected parasitic disease worldwide disseminated. Read More

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December 2018

An integrated method for understanding the function of macro-lithic tools. Use wear, 3D and spatial analyses of an Early Upper Palaeolithic assemblage from North Eastern Italy.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207773. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Diet and Ancient Technology Laboratory (DANTE), Sapienza University, Rome, Lazio, Italy.

The article presents an original analysis which combines use-wear, 3D modelling and spatial analyses to experimental archaeology in order to investigate Early Upper Palaeolithic flint-knapping gestures and techniques involving the use of macro-lithic tools. In particular, the methodological framework proposed in this paper was applied to the study of Protoaurignacian and Aurignacian macro-tools from Fumane Cave (Verona, Italy). Combining spatial analysis and use wear investigation, both at low and high magnifications, permitted the identification and detailed description of the use-related traces affecting both the hammerstones and retouchers which, at Fumane Cave, were used at different stages during flint tool production. Read More

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December 2018

Mediterranean herb extracts inhibit microbial growth of representative oral microorganisms and biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207574. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

In light of the growing antibiotic resistance, the usage of plant-derived antimicrobial agents could serve as an effective alternative treatment against oral infections. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of Mediterranean herb extracts against representative oral microorganisms. The extraction procedures and the analysis of the obtained extracts were performed under established experimental conditions. Read More

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December 2018

Intravenous and Oral Tranexamic Acid are Equivalent at Reducing Blood Loss in Thoracolumbar Spinal Fusion: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202.

Study Design: A prospective randomized trial of patients enrolled at a university affiliated tertiary medical center between February and December 2017.

Objective: To compare perioperative blood loss in patients undergoing elective posterior thoracolumbar fusion who were treated with IV versus PO TXA.

Summary Of Background Data: The use of antifibrinolytic agents such as tranexamic acid (TXA) to decrease operative blood loss and allogenic blood transfusions is well documented in the literature. Read More

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December 2018

Antiemetic Drug Use in Children: What the Clinician Needs to Know.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Clinical Pharmacology & Digestive Pathophysiology Unit, Department of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Vomiting is not only unpleasant for both children and families, but can lead to frequent hospital admission. The persistent vomiting hampers oral intake and increases the risk of dehydration so the proper use of antiemetic drugs can be useful. The pharmacological treatment of vomiting in children remains a challenge for the pediatrician because several antiemetics are prescribed as "off-label", outside their authorized drug label. Read More

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December 2018

Design and rationale of the Edoxaban Treatment in routiNe clinical prActice for patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Europe (ETNA-AF-Europe) study.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Birmingham, SWBH and UHB NHS Trusts, Birmingham, UK.

Aim: Edoxaban, a nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant, is an oral factor Xa inhibitor approved for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in adult patients with atrial fibrillation and for the treatment and secondary prevention in adult patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study details the design of the Edoxaban Treatment in routiNe clinical prActice for patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Europe (ETNA-AF-Europe) study - a postauthorization observational study, which is part of the postapproval plan for edoxaban agreed with the European Medicines Agency.

Methods: The ETNA-AF-Europe study (Clinicaltrials. Read More

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December 2018
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Persistence on apixaban in atrial fibrillation patients: a retrospective multicentre study.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

MA Provider, Milan, Italy.

Aims: Real-world data on treatment persistence, safety and effectiveness of non-Vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) play an important role in the assessment of risks and benefits of these drugs. Our aim was to evaluate persistence on treatment, incidence of major bleeding and incidence of a composite endpoint of major events, including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke and systemic thromboembolism, during treatment with apixaban in a cohort of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).

Methods: In this multicentre retrospective observational study, we retrieved data from medical records of five Italian hospitals on patients with a diagnosis of NVAF who initiated apixaban between 1 January 2014 and 31 March 2016 and had a first subsequent visit at the same hospital. Read More

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December 2018

Long-acting injectable second-generation antipsychotics in first-episode psychosis: a narrative review.

Int Clin Psychopharmacol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychyatry, Cruces University Hospital, Osakidetza-Basque Health System, BioCruces Health Research Institute, Barakaldo.

Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics could be a favorable option of treatment and have some advantages over oral medications. The aim of this study was to review the published data on the use of LAI formulation of second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) in first-episode psychosis (FEP). Using PubMed and Scopus databases, we performed a systematic literature search of articles published between 1 January 2000 and 30 April 2018, that reported clinical trials on the use of LAI SGAs in patients with FEP. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Masseter Muscle Volume Changes Evaluated by 3-Dimensional Computed Tomography After Repeated Botulinum Toxin A Injections in Patients With Square Facial Morphology.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S29-S32

From the Graduate Institute of Chemical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, and.

Introduction: Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) is a minimally invasive and technically straightforward treatment of masseter muscle (MM) volume reduction and facial contouring, but the literature on its long-term effect on MM volume remains unclear.

Objective: This study aimed to assess quantitatively for progressive volume changes of lower facial contour after 3 BoNT-A injections in patients with bilateral MM hypertrophy causing square facial morphology using 3-dimensional computed tomographic scans.

Materials And Methods: Ten female patients with square facial morphology due to bilateral MM hypertrophy were recruited to, and 6 completed, this clinical study. Read More

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January 2019

Ultraviolet functionalization improved bone integration on titanium surfaces by fluorescent analysis in rabbits calvarium.

J Oral Implantol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

5 Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

This study evaluated the effect of ultraviolet functionalization (UV) on bone integration ability in rabbit model, using epifluorescence microscopy. Each of twelve rabbits (n=6) received randomly four titanium domes prepared with or without ultraviolet for 48 hours (UVC,λ= 250 ± 20 nm; Philips, Tokyo, Japan): (1) turned surface (T), (2) turned surface with UV(T-UV), (3) sandblasted (120 μm aluminum oxide) and etched by 18% hydrochloric acid and 49% sulphuric acid at 60°C for 30 min (SLA) and (4) SLA surface with UV(SLA-UV). Fluorochrome bone labels were marked by oxytetracycline at 25 mg/kg on 13th days and 14th days and calcein at 5 mg/kg on 3th days and 4th days before euthanization. Read More

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December 2018

Is anterior guidance a key factor on planning implant treatment for free-end missing in the posterior mandible?

J Oral Implantol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Kyushu Dental University Department of Oral Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Kyushu Dental University.

To perform safe implant treatment, the anatomical structure and bone quality at implant placement sites are evaluated based on a patient's CT data, but there is no definite method to determine placement sites and the appropriate number of implants. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the number and arrangement of implants on the stress distribution in 3-unit posterior fixed partial dentures for the posterior mandible by mechanical analysis using the finite element method. Three-dimensional finite element analysis models were constructed from the CT data of a patient with missing mandibular teeth (Nos. Read More

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December 2018

Parallelism of Dental Implants.

Authors:
Dennis Flanagan

J Oral Implantol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 Connecticut Dental Groups Pres n/a Connecticut Dental Groups.

Parallelism in dental implant positioning may not be detrimental. Read More

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December 2018

Poor Oral Health and Blood Pressure Control Among US Hypertensive Adults: Results From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 to 2014

Hypertension 2018 10 22;72(6):1365–1373. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Life, Health, and Environmental Sciences, San Salvatore Hospital, University of L’Aquila, Italy

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the tissues surrounding the teeth, with evidence of systemic effects. Some studies showed the benefit of periodontal therapy on blood pressure (BP), but the impact of periodontitis on BP control is unknown. We retrospectively analyzed cross-sectional, nationally representative data from treated hypertensive adults aged ≥30 years with and without periodontitis. Read More

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October 2018

Adhesion and biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolates under conditions relevant to the host: relationship with macrolide resistance and clonal lineages.

J Med Microbiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

4​Department of Medicine, Campus Biomedico University, Via Alvaro del Portillo 200, 00128 Rome, Italy.

Purpose: Staphylococcus aureus isolates, collected from various clinical samples, were analysed to evaluate the contribution of the genetic background of both erythromycin-resistant (ERSA) and -susceptible (ESSA) S. aureus strains to biofilm formation.

Methods: A total of 66 ESSA and 43 ERSA clinical isolates were studied for adhesiveness and biofilm formation under different atmospheres. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence of hemorrhagic complications with use of a radial compression device: a cohort study.

Rev Esc Enferm USP 2018 Dec 10;52:e03410. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To examine the incidence of hemorrhagic complications in patients undergoing radial cardiac catheterization and using a hemostatic device for arterial compression.

Method: A prospective cohort study conducted with patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization in two hemodynamic laboratories in southern Brazil. The TR Band® radial compression device was used during 4 hours for hemostasis of the arterial puncture site. Read More

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December 2018

Acutely infected teeth: to extract or not to extract?

Braz Oral Res 2018 Dec 6;32:e124. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Konya, Turkey.

Not only laymen but also dentists generally believe that extraction of acutely infected teeth should be avoided until the infection subdues by using systemic antibiotics. The aim of this study was to compare perioperative complications in routine extractions of acutely infected teeth with extractions of asymptomatic teeth. This prospective study was performed with 82 patients. Read More

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December 2018

Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue in patients older than 45 years.

Braz Oral Res 2018 Dec 6;32:e123. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Hospital General de México "Eduardo Liceaga", Department of Pathology, México City, México.

This study aims to evaluate the clinicopathological features, TNM status, AJCC staging and behavior of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (SCCT) in patients older than 45 years. The files of the Department of Pathology of the Hospital General de México were reviewed and all cases of SCCT in patients older than 45 years were selected. Clinicopathological features, treatment, follow-up, microscopic diagnosis, and IJCC and TNM staging were retrieved. Read More

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December 2018

THE ONSET OF CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS IN INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE PATIENTS.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):290-295

Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Salvador, BA, Brasil.

Background: The diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease is often delayed because of the lack of an ability to recognize its major clinical manifestations.

Objective: Our study aimed to describe the onset of clinical manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study. Read More

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October 2017

INSULIN RESISTANCE REDUCTION AFTER SUSTAINED VIROLOGICAL RESPONSE WITH DIRECT ACTING ANTIVIRAL:NOT EVERY POPULATION IMPROVES.

Arq Gastroenterol 2018 Jul-Sep;55(3):274-278

Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Clínica Médica, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a serious public health problem, that affects approximately 170 million people worldwide. Chronic HCV infection is associated with hepatic insulin resistance and an increased risk of diabetes HCV-infected patients has been well documented.

Objective: To assess the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index in patients treated with direct acting antiviral (DAAs) medication in the sustained virological response (SVR), categorized by the presence or absence of cirrhosis. Read More

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Development and characterization of a novel bulk-fill elastomeric temporary restorative composite.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180183. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Faculdade de Odontologia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia (PPGO), Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Objectives: This study investigated the physical and mechanical properties, antibacterial effect and biocompatibility of novel elastomeric temporary resin-based filling materials (TFMs) containing zinc methacrylate (ZM).

Material And Methods: Experimental TFMs were prepared by mixing the zinc methacrylate with monomer, co-monomer, photoinitiator and fillers. A ZM concentration of 0 (control), 0. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Effect of diode laser irradiation on the bond strength of polymerized non-simplified adhesive systems after 12 months of water storage.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180126. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Departamento de Dentística, Endodontia e Materiais Odontológicos, Bauru, São Paulo, Brasil.

Objectives: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the bonding strength of non-simplified dentin bonding systems (DBS) to dentin irradiated with a diode laser (970 nm) immediately and after 12 months of water storage following either primer or bond application.

Material And Methods: The experimental design included three different factors: DBS type [AdperTM Scotchbond Multipurpose (MP) and Clearfil™ SE Bond (CSE)], irradiation [without irradiation - control (C), irradiation after primer application (AP), and irradiation after bond application (AB)], and time [initial (I) and after 12 months of water storage (12 m)]. Sixty sound human third molars (n = 10) were obtained, and their flat occlusal dentin areas were prepared and standardized. Read More

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December 2018

Proteomic analysis of the acquired enamel pellicle formed on human and bovine tooth: a study using the Bauru in situ pellicle model (BISPM).

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180113. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Departmento de Ciências Biológicas, Bauru, SP, Brasil.

Objectives: The acquired enamel pellicle (AEP) is an organic film, bacteria-free, formed in vivo as a result of the selective adsorption of salivary proteins and glycoproteins to the solid surfaces exposed to the oral environment. Objective: This study aimed to compare the proteomic profile of AEP formed in situ on human and bovine enamel using a new intraoral device (Bauru in situ pellicle model - BISPM).

Material And Methods: Material and Methods: One hundred and eight samples of human and bovine enamel were prepared (4×4 mm). Read More

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December 2018

Surface and vertical dimensional changes of mineral trioxide aggregate and biodentine in different environmental conditions.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180093. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Kastamonu University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Kastamonu, Turkey.

Objectives: Surface changes in biological environments are critical for the evaluation of physical and biological activity of biomaterials. Objective: This study investigated surface alterations of calcium silicate-based cements after exposure to different environments.

Material And Methods: Material and Methods: Forty-eight cylindrical cavities were prepared on root surfaces. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of fluoride application during radiotherapy on enamel demineralization.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180044. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Faculdade de Odontologia, Departamento de Dentística e Materiais Odontológicos, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Objective: Radiation-related caries are one the most undesired reactions manifested during or after head and neck radiotherapy. Fluoride application is an important strategy to reduce demineralization and enhance remineralizaton. To evaluate the effect of the topical application of fluoride during irradiation on dental enamel demineralization. Read More

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December 2018

Inhibitory effect of reduced graphene oxide-silver nanocomposite on progression of artificial enamel caries.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180042. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Sun Yat-sen University, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Guangzhou, China.

Objectives: The use of antimicrobial agents is an efficient method to prevent dental caries. Also, nanometric antibacterial agents with wide antibacterial spectrum and strong antibacterial effects can be applied for prevention of dental caries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of reduced graphene oxide-silver nanoparticles (rGO/Ag) composite on the progression of artificial enamel caries in a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model. Read More

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December 2018
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Effect of topical ozonetherapy on gingival wound healing in pigs: histological and immuno-histochemical analysis.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 Dec 10;27:e20180015. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Pathology, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: In this study, the effects of ozonetherapy on secondary wound healing were evaluated histologically and immuno-histochemically.

Material And Methods: Material and Methods: 8 healthy pigs were used in this study. Six wounds with 10 mm in diameter were created through the punch technique on the palatinal gingiva of each pig. Read More

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December 2018

Electroconvulsive therapy: historical construction of nursing care (1989-2002).

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2743-2750

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Anna Nery Nursing School. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: to describe the nursing care performed by the nursing team to the person with mental disorder submitted to ECT and to analyze the implications of the Psychiatric Reform in this care.

Method: socio-historical study, which uses the Thematic Oral History method.

Results: the nursing team is present in a continuous way in the monitoring of people submitted to ECT, performing care before, during and after the same, as well as visualizing the evolution of the technique and also of nursing care itself, however, does not recognize the Psychiatric Reform as agent for this change. Read More

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January 2018

[Validation of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance index among the Portuguese population].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4351-4360

Faculdade de Medicina Dentária, Universidade de Lisboa. R. Professora Teresa Ambrósio, Cidade Universitária. 1600-177 Lisboa

The Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) questionnaire is an oral health-related quality of life indicator. It was developed in order to assess the influence of oral conditions on the self-ability to execute daily activities. The main goal of this research was to validate the OIDP for the Portuguese population aged 18 years and above. Read More

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December 2018

[Evaluation of satisfaction with dental care from the standpoint of adult Brazilian users: a multilevel analysis].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4339-4349

Departamento de Odontologia, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros. Montes Claros MG Brasil.

The scope of this paper was to evaluate the satisfaction regarding dental care services and to identify the association between dissatisfaction and contextual/individual variables. It involved a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8,943 adults from 177 municipalities, in which 14.9% of adults were dissatisfied. Read More

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December 2018

[Training in Family Health and its association with work processes of Primary Care Dentistry Teams].

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4319-4329

Departamento de Odontologia Preventiva e Social, Faculdade de Odontologia, UFRGS. Porto Alegre RS Brasil.

The National Oral Health Policy emphasizes the importance of training in Primary Health Care and adapting the work processes to the new health care model. This study seeks to investigate the association between the training of Dental-Surgeons in Family Health and the work process. It involved a cross-sectional and multicentric study, with 18,114 Oral Health Teams that participated on the National Program to Enhance Access and Quality of Primary Health Care. Read More

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December 2018

Regular use of dental services and dental loss among the elderly.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4269-4276

Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas. R. Gonçalves Chaves 457/510, Centro. 96015-560 Pelotas RS Brasil.

This study aimed to investigate the association between regular use of dental services and tooth loss by elderly linked to eleven Family Health Facilities in southern Brazil. This cross-sectional study evaluated 438 elderly. A standard questionnaire was used and oral health clinical variables were obtained by a trained dentist. Read More

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December 2018
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Report from a symposium on accelerating policy-driven action against excessive sugar consumption for the prevention of early childhood caries and noncommunicable diseases.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):305-307

Former SRF, Centre for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Dental diseases and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) share common risks. Omnipresent and easily available sugars are a contributing risk factor for overweight, obesity, and diabetes. In addition, sugar consumption is known to cause dental caries in early childhood (early childhood caries) and in adults. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of directly observed oral iron supplementation during pregnancy on iron status in a rural population in Haryana: A randomized controlled trial.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):287-293

Professor and Former Head, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: In India, more than half of the pregnant women suffer from anemia. Low compliance to iron supplementation is one of the important reasons.

Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the reduction in the prevalence of anemia, improvement in iron status, and to compare the compliance to oral iron supplementation during pregnancy between directly observed iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation group and control group. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of tobacco chewing on oral health: A hospital-based cross-sectional study in Odisha.

Indian J Public Health 2018 Oct-Dec;62(4):282-286

Postgraduate Student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Smokeless tobacco use in the Indian subcontinent is a part of many religious and cultural rituals and has gained a degree of social acceptance. The deleterious effects of smokeless tobacco are not as well-known as those produced by smoking.

Objectives: The study was carried out to assess the influence of tobacco chewing on the oral health of adult patients attending the dental outpatients department of Khordha district headquarter, Odisha. Read More

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December 2018
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