1,943 results match your criteria Oral Manifestations of Systemic Diseases

Dualities of the vitamin D in systemic sclerosis: a systematic literature review.

Adv Rheumatol 2021 Jun 9;61(1):34. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Serviço de Reumatologia, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2350 Ramiro Barcelos St, Room 645, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035-903, Brazil.

Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic disease characterized by autoimmunity, vasculopathy, and visceral and cutaneous fibrosis. Vitamin D has several functions in the immunological system, and different studies have suggested a potential role in triggering autoimmune diseases. Patients with SSc may present with low serum levels of vitamin D, but the association between hypovitaminosis D and disease onset or any clinical manifestation is still obscure. Read More

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The Oral Health of Patients with DiGeorge Syndrome (22q11) Microdeletion: A Case Report.

Appl Clin Genet 2021 1;14:267-277. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Congenital Abnormalities and Rare Disease Centre (CIACER), Cali, Colombia.

Background: DiGeorge syndrome (DG) is a genetic disorder associated with 22q11 deletion. It involves various phenotypes, including craniofacial abnormalities, congenital heart disorders, endocrine dysfunction, cognitive deficits, and psychiatric disorders. Cases commonly involve multiple anomalies. Read More

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Sjögren's syndrome: a systemic autoimmune disease.

Clin Exp Med 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa, 16132, Genoa, Italy.

Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by ocular and oral dryness resulting from lacrimal and salivary gland dysfunction. Besides, a variety of systemic manifestations may occur, involving virtually any organ system. As a result, the disease is characterized by pleomorphic clinical manifestations whose characteristics and severity may vary greatly from one patient to another. Read More

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Oral manifestations of hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder: A clinicopathological study of a peruvian population.

J Oral Pathol Med 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Departamento de Patología, Medicina y Cirugía Oral, Facultad de Estomatología, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú.

Background: Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) is a chronic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphoproliferative disease which may either present as an indolent condition or progress to a systemic T-cell lymphoma.

Methods: All HVLPD diagnosed over a 10-year period were retrieved and clinical data regarding sex, age, oral and systemic manifestations, and clinical follow-up were obtained. Immunohistochemistry was done in order to characterize the lymphoid cells and in situ hybridization was used to demonstrate the presence of EBV. Read More

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Oral Health and Its Aetiological Role in Behçet's Disease.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 20;8:613419. Epub 2021 May 20.

Centre for Immuno-Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Behçet's Centre of Excellence, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic multi-systemic inflammatory disorder characterised by oro-genital ulcers, cutaneous manifestations, ocular, vascular, neurologic and gastrointestinal involvement. Complex interactions operating on the genetic background e.g. Read More

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Resilience in women with primary Sjögren's syndrome.

Rheumatol Int 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

To assess the relationship between resilience and several diseases and individual features in primary Sjӧgren's Syndrome (SS) patients. Resilience was assessed using the Resilience Scale (RS-14). Disease activity, damage, and reported symptoms were assessed by means of ESSDAI (EULAR Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index), SSDDI (Sjӧgren's Syndrome Disease Damage Index) and ESSPRI (EULAR Sjӧgren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index). Read More

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Oral lymphangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma: a Brazilian case report in a scenario of a still high number of HIV infections.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Oral Diagnosis Department, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Av. Limeira, Areão, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

We present a challenging case of HIV-related lymphangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma (LLKS) affecting the oral cavity. A 54-year-old Brazilian male patient was referred to our center complaining of bleeding lesions affecting the oral cavity for 2 months. Interestingly, these oral lesions were the first clinical manifestation of HIV infection. Read More

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Oral manifestations in inflammatory bowel disease: A cross-sectional study in Isfahan.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2021 23;18. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Various systemic diseases can cause oral manifestations, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study is designed to investigate the frequency of oral manifestations in patients with IBD referred to health centers and offices in Isfahan in 2018.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among 161 patients suffering from IBD in Isfahan, Iran. Read More

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February 2021

A Contemporary Review of Behcet's Syndrome.

Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Hospital for Skin Diseases, Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, 12 Jiangwangmiao Street, Nanjing, 210042, China.

Behcet's syndrome (BS) is a chronic systemic inflammatory vasculitis with a wide range of clinical manifestations including recurrent oral and genital ulcers; cutaneous lesions; and ophthalmic, neurologic, and gastrointestinal involvement. BS has a global distribution but is particularly prevalent in so-called Silk Road populations. Disease onset is usually around the third or fourth decade of life, and the sex ratio is roughly 1:1. Read More

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Safety protocols for dental care during the COVID-19 pandemic: the experience of a Brazilian hospital service.

Braz Oral Res 2021 28;35:e070. Epub 2021 May 28.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, School of Dentistry, Department of Oral Surgery, Pathology and Clinical Dentistry, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been prioritized in relation to other illnesses considered critical, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases/stroke, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases. The management of patients with these diseases involves dental care to reduce systemic complications caused by odontogenic infections, and/or to treat oral manifestations of systemic comorbidities. In this regard, the dental care of these individuals must be guaranteed during the pandemic. Read More

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Prevalence of Oral and Maxillofacial Disorders in Patients with Systemic Scleroderma-A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 14;18(10). Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Oral Surgery and Policlinical Ambulance, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Alfred-Herrhausen-Str. 45, 58448 Witten, Germany.

Background: Systematic scleroderma is a rare chronic autoimmune disease of unknown aetiology. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of orofacial pathognomonic conditions in patients with systemic scleroderma using only randomised prospective studies that investigated the treatment of oral and maxillofacial changes, highlighted associations between the disease and Sjogren's syndrome, and/or analysed the effect of oral hygiene.

Methods: The literature was systematically reviewed based on Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science articles published up to March 2020. Read More

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Behçet Disease: An Update for Dermatologists.

Am J Clin Dermatol 2021 Jul 1;22(4):477-502. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, 07059, Antalya, Turkey.

Behçet disease (BD) is a chronic, relapsing, systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology with the clinical features of oral and genital ulcers, cutaneous vasculitic lesions, ocular, articular, vascular, gastrointestinal, neurologic, urogenital and cardiac involvement. BD usually appears around the third or fourth decade of life. Gender distribution is roughly equal. Read More

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Behçet's Disease in a Polish Patient: A Case Report.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical University of Bialystok, Zurawia 14 St, 15-540, Białystok, Poland.

Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic autoinflammatory vasculitis. It occurs predominantly in Turkey but very rarely in Europe. The clinical manifestations of BD involve the skin and mucosal membranes; cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and nervous systems; and the eyes and joints. Read More

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Nonmalignant Oral Disease--Specific Dental Patient-Reported Outcome Measures for Adult Patients: A Systematic Review.

J Evid Based Dent Pract 2021 Mar 11;21(1):101529. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Health Sciences Libraries, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Objectives: Dental patient-reported outcome measures (dPROMs) can be differentiated into outcome measures for all oral diseases, so-called disease-generic dPROMs, and measures for specific oral diseases, so-called disease-specific dPROMs. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the psychometrically validated nonmalignant disease-specific dPROMs for adult patients and the dental patient-reported outcomes (dPROs) they measure.

Methods: This systematic review searched Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane databases along with hand searching, through July 28, 2020, to identify original articles of English language, multi-item dPROMs for adult dental patients with a specific oral disease, condition, or oral manifestations of systemic diseases. Read More

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Radiographic Diagnosis of Systemic Diseases Manifested in Jaws.

Dent Clin North Am 2021 Jul 12;65(3):579-604. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Oral Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, School of Dental Medicine, 240 South 40th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Radiographic changes of the oral and maxillofacial hard tissues can be an indication of an underlying systemic disease. In this article, the range of individual disease entities that have both systemic and dental manifestations are reviewed. Images for many conditions are provided to illustrate the radiographic changes. Read More

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Radiographic Interpretation in Oral Medicine and Hospital Dental Practice.

Dent Clin North Am 2021 Jul 3;65(3):509-528. Epub 2021 May 3.

University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, 240 South 40th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Oral medicine practice includes the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of oral and orofacial diseases and oral manifestations of systemic conditions. Oral medicine specialists in medical and dental settings often require imaging in assessment and treatment of these conditions. This article reviews imaging that may be used in practice, particularly as relevant for facial pain, bone conditions, and salivary gland disease. Read More

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Mutation analysis of the TNFAIP3 in A20 haploinsufficiency: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(20):e25954

The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumchi, Xinjiang, China.

Introduction: Haploinsufficiency of A20 (HA20) is a novel genetic disease presented by Zhou et al in 2016. A20 is a protein encoded by TNFAIP3. Loss-of-function mutation in TNFAIP3 will trigger a new autoinflammatory disease: HA20. Read More

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"Old wine in a new bottle" - post COVID-19 infection, central serous chorioretinopathy and the steroids.

J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2021 May 14;11(1):14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Neuro-ophthalmology, Cornea and Refractive Surgery, 121/C, Chord Road, Narayana Nethralaya, Bangalore, India.

Introduction: Corona virus disease (COVID-19) pandemic can cause myriad of ocular manifestations. We report a case of unilateral multi focal central serous retinopathy, post COVID-19 infection in an Asian Indian female.

Case Presentation: A 42-year-old female presented to us with unilateral blurring, in the right eye (OD), 12 days after COVID-19 infection. Read More

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Oral manifestations of patients with systemic sclerosis: a meta-analysis for case-controlled studies.

BMC Oral Health 2021 05 10;21(1):250. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Dermatology, Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Epigenomics, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, No.139 Middle Renmin road, Changsha, China.

Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem rheumatic disease. Orofacial manifestations are commonly in SSc but maybe usually ignored and overshadowed by other systemic complications. Multiple comparative studies have been conducted to investigate the possible links between SSc and oral manifestations. Read More

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Oral submucous fibrosis: An overview of a challenging entity.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2021 Apr 23:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology & Forensic Odontology, Luxmibai Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Patiala, Punjab, India.

The oral cavity is considered to be a mirror of the body's health, as it reflects the manifestations of various systemic disorders. Most of the oral mucosa is derived embryologically from an invagination of ectoderm and thus, like other similar orifices, it may become involved in the disorders that are primarily associated with the skin. Oral submucous fibrosis is one of the commonest precancerous conditions of the oral mucosa involving any part of the oral cavity resulting in tissue scarring, dysphagia and trismus. Read More

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Paediatric gastrointestinal disorders in SARS-CoV-2 infection: Epidemiological and clinical implications.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr;27(16):1716-1727

Department of Tropical Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta 31527, Algharbia, Egypt.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a threat worldwide for individuals of all ages, including children. Gastrointestinal manifestations could be the initial presenting manifestation in many patients, especially in children. These symptoms are more common in patients with severe disease than in patients with non-severe disease. Read More

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Castleman's disease.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2020 Sep-Dec;24(3):593. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology, K.M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Castleman's disease, a type of lymph node hyperplasia, usually occurs in the mediastinum and rarely presents in the cervical region as an asymptomatic solitary mass. Clinically, they are of two types-solitary and multi-centric. Most of the solitary types are asymptomatic with no associated symptoms, whereas the multi-centric type is associated with systemic symptoms and has a poor prognosis. Read More

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January 2021

Repurposing Nintedanib for pathological cardiac remodeling and dysfunction.

Pharmacol Res 2021 May 13;169:105605. Epub 2021 May 13.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294-1913, USA. Electronic address:

Heart Failure (HF) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Myocardial fibrosis, one of the clinical manifestations implicated in almost every form of heart disease, contributes significantly to HF development. However, there is no approved drug specifically designed to target cardiac fibrosis. Read More

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Occurrence of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) as a Rare Oral Manifestation in a Patient with Gilbert's Syndrome.

Case Rep Dent 2021 16;2021:6648729. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Stomatology, Yerevan State Medical University, Str. Koryun 2, Yerevan 0025, Armenia.

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is an ulcerative disease of the oral cavity and can occur in isolation or as a manifestation of many systemic diseases. It is a quite common entity and may hence often be overlooked as an isolated lesion. Gilbert's syndrome is a genetic disorder where a deficiency of an enzyme associated with the conjugation of bilirubin results in unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Read More

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Relevance of gastrointestinal manifestations in a large Spanish cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: what do we know?

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Rheumatology Department, Hospital Universitario de Valme, Sevilla, Spain.

Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can affect any part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. GI symptoms are reported to occur in more than 50% of SLE patients.

Aims: To describe the GI manifestations of SLE in the RELESSER (Registry of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology) cohort and to determine if these are associated with a more severe disease, damage accrual and a worse prognosis. Read More

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Exploring the role of immunotherapeutic drugs in autoimmune diseases: A comprehensive review.

J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2021 Apr-Jun;11(2):291-296. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Government Dental College & Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Autoimmune diseases are group of disorders where an immune response is mounted against the self. The prevalence and burden of this well established and recognised entity is on the rise. Irrespective of being a systemic or organ specific autoimmune disorder, the common underlying mechanism of action, is the imbalance in immune system resulting in loss of tolerance to self-antigens. Read More

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February 2021

MK-6482 as a potential treatment for von Hippel-Lindau disease-associated clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

Expert Opin Investig Drugs 2021 May 20;30(5):495-504. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Genitourinary Medical Oncology, Division of Cancer Medicine, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Introduction: Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an inherited autosomal dominant syndrome caused by a germline mutation and/or deletion of the gene. Inappropriate hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-mediated transcription of proangiogenic and metabolic genes leads to the development of tumors and cysts in multiple organs. Surgery is a standard treatment for localized tumors with a risk of metastasis or organ dysfunction. Read More

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Positive Effects of Oral Antibiotic Administration in Murine Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 3;22(7). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is one of the most frequent complications experienced after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Reportedly, dysbiosis and severe damage to the microbiome are also closely associated with GVHD. Herein, we aimed to elucidate the positive and negative effects of the administration of various antibiotics in a murine model of cGVHD. Read More

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Drug induced oral erythema multiforme: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(17):e22387

Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Drug induced oral erythema multiforme a rare clinical entity which involves only the lips and oral mucosa without skin involvement. These lesions are difficult in diagnosing with other oral ulcerative lesions with similar clinical manifestations.

Patient Concerns: This article presents 2 case reports of Oral erythema multiforme in which drugs were the precipitating factor. Read More

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Crohn's disease initially presenting with oral manifestations and managed with ustekinumab: A case report.

Spec Care Dentist 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Oral Crohn's disease (OCD) refers to the spectrum of oral manifestations seen in Crohn`s disease (CD) patients and could precede other signs of the disease elsewhere, which requires dental practitioners to be vigilant for oral mucosal changes that may accompany such systemic disorders. Classical treatment modalities are based on the use of corticosteroids, immune-modulators and more recently, biologics. Ustekinumab is a novel agent from this last group that has shown efficacy in a limited number of case reports. Read More

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