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    389 results match your criteria Oral Manifestations of Drug Reactions

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    Orofacial manifestations of adverse drug reactions: a review study.
    Clujul Med 2018 15;91(1):27-36. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Oral Medicine Department, Dental Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran.
    Background: Adverse reaction to medication is common and may have a variety of clinical manifestations in the oral cavity. The present review paper aimed to describe adverse drug reactions (ADRs) which might be encountered by dental practitioners in every discipline.

    Methods: In this narrative review article, the specialized databases such as PubMed, PubMed Central, MEDLINE, EBSCO, Science Direct, Scopus, and reference books from the years 2000-2016 were used to find relevant documents by using MeSH terms: Adverse Drug Reaction, Drug induced, Medication Related, Mouth, Oral Manifestation, Tooth, Hard Tissue, Soft Tissue. Read More

    [Retrospective analysis of adverse drug reactions in stomatology hospital from 2014 to 2016].
    Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Dec;35(6):625-628
    State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Medical Affairs, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
    Objective: This study aims to investigate the characteristics and general rules of adverse drug reactions (ADR) in a 3A-grade stomatology hospital for safe and rational drug use in clinical stomatology.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 52 ADR cases (1∶1.36, males∶females) reported in the West China Hospital of Stomatology of Sichuan University from 2014 to 2016 in terms of gender and age distributions, drug categories, and clinical manifestations. Read More

    Early cutaneous eruptions after oral hydroxychloroquine in a lupus erythematosus patient: A case report and review of the published work.
    J Dermatol 2018 Mar 14;45(3):344-348. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    Department ofDermatology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Japan.
    Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is an effective treatment of lupus erythematosus. Although adverse effects, mainly gastrointestinal and cutaneous manifestations, are rare, they may result in the cessation of medication in some patients with severe reactions. Therefore, the evaluation of a patient's condition is important for a dermatologist to decide whether to cease or continue HCQ. Read More

    Acetyl Salicylic Acid Challenge in Children with Hypersensitivity Reactions to Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Differentiates Between Cross-Intolerant and Selective Responders.
    J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2017 Oct 3. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    Allergy Service, Infanta Leonor University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
    Background: Hypersensitivity reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in children are becoming a great concern. Most studies have focused on adults, with noted discrepancies observed in the classification of hypersensitivity reactions to NSAIDs in children when compared with adults.

    Objective: To phenotype a group of children with hypersensitivity reactions to NSAIDs, including paracetamol, and analyze the degree of agreement with the entities reported in adults and how they fit the proposed classifications. Read More

    Mucocutaneous manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Nouakchott, Mauritania.
    Int J Dermatol 2017 Dec 27;56(12):1421-1424. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Research Unit of Emerging Infectious and Tropical Diseases (URMITE), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement 198, Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire - Méditerranée Infection, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.
    Background: Mucocutaneous manifestations are one of the first clinical signs in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). To the best of our knowledge, there has been no previous study describing dermatologic manifestations in Mauritanians infected with HIV. The aim of the present study was to determine the profiles of mucocutaneous manifestations in relation to CD T cell count in HIV-positive Mauritanian patients. Read More

    Adverse Drug Reactions and Cutaneous Manifestations Associated With Anticoagulation.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2017 Nov/Dec;21(6):540-550. Epub 2017 Jun 22.
    2 Skin Centre for Dermatology, Peterborough, ON, Canada.
    Anticoagulants are amongst the most commonly prescribed medications worldwide. Although rare, localised and systemic drug reactions have been reported with anticoagulants that can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Some of the first signs of drug reactions to anticoagulants are cutaneous changes that, when recognised early, can prevent significant complications. Read More

    Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis presenting as fixed drug eruption: a case report.
    Dermatol Online J 2017 Jun 15;23(6). Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (APD) is a rare disorder characterized by periodic skin lesions that erupt during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Clinical manifestations of APD is caused by an unusual allergy to progesterone and has a wide range of clinical manifestations from eczema and urticaria to angioedema and erythema multiforme. A 46-year-old woman described recurrent, round erythematous plaques on the lower lip, both forearms and buttocks. Read More

    Immediate hypersensitivity reaction to pegylated liposomal doxorubicin: management and outcome in four patients.
    Eur J Dermatol 2017 Jun;27(3):271-274
    Department of Dermatology, Saint-André Hospital CHU Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France, INSERM U1053, Bordeaux Research in Translational Oncology University Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France, French Study Group of Cutaneous Lymphoma (GFELC).
    Hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) to pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD; Caelyx) have been reported, and symptoms usually resolve with drug withdrawal. However, the risk of relapse of severe HSR and prevention remain poorly described. To report the management and outcome in four patients with HSR due to PLD. Read More

    Ivermectin induced Steven-Johnsons syndrome: case report.
    BMC Res Notes 2017 May 8;10(1):179. Epub 2017 May 8.
    Presbyterian General Hospital Acha-Tugi, Acha, Cameroon.
    Background: Stevens-Johnson syndrome is one of the manifestations of mucocutaneous adverse drug reactions. Although antimicrobials are responsible for greater than 50% of these adverse drug reactions, there is no documented case implicating ivermectin as the culprit. A 38 year old adult Cameroonian male presented to our health facility with facial rash, painful oral sores, black eschars on lips and red tearing eyes 3 days following ingestion of ivermectin received during a nationwide anti-filarial campaign. Read More

    Cutaneous Manifestations of Diabetes Mellitus: A Review.
    Am J Clin Dermatol 2017 Aug;18(4):541-553
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Jena, Erfurter Straße 35, 07740, Jena, Germany.
    Diabetes mellitus is a widespread endocrine disease with severe impact on health systems worldwide. Increased serum glucose causes damage to a wide range of cell types, including endothelial cells, neurons, and renal cells, but also keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Skin disorders can be found in about one third of all people with diabetes and frequently occur before the diagnosis, thus playing an important role in the initial recognition of underlying disease. Read More

    Role of bromocriptine in multi-spectral manifestations of traumatic brain injury.
    Chin J Traumatol 2017 Apr 21;20(2):84-86. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medical Sciences, Bharatpur, Nepal.
    Purpose: Despite the prevalence and cost of traumatic brain injury related disabilities, there is paucity in the literature on modern approaches to pharmacotherapy. Medications may promote recovery by enhancing some neurological functions without impacting others. Herein we discussed the role of bromocriptine in neurorehabilitation for patients with traumatic brain injury. Read More

    Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: A Review and Report of Two Cases.
    Pediatr Dent 2017 Jan;39(1):9-14
    Professor and chairperson, Departments of Pediatric Dentistry, Children's Hospital Colorado and School of Dental Medicine Delta Dental of Colorado Endowed Chair in Pediatric Dentistry, in Aurora, Colo., USA.
    Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare condition, characterized by its dramatic involvement of the skin and various mucosal surfaces including the oral mucosae, that severely impairs the affected patient's ability to speak, chew, or swallow. The purpose of this report was to present two cases with significant variations in the clinical presentation of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. In both situations, the patients' conditions were not immediately recognized. Read More

    Orofacial manifestations in patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases.
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2016 10 18;30(5):826-850. Epub 2016 Nov 18.
    Birmingham Behçet's Syndrome Centre of Excellence, Sheldon Block, Birmingham and Midland Eye Centre, City Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham, B18 7QH, UK. Electronic address:
    The main orofacial manifestation of the inflammatory rheumatic diseases is that of Sjögren's syndrome. In addition, there is a constellation of orofacial manifestations of the inflammatory rheumatic diseases, many of which are extra-articular with some constituting presenting signs of the underlying rheumatic disease. This review will discuss the orofacial manifestations in a variety of connective tissue diseases and will also allude to the oral adverse drug reactions that may occur as a consequence of therapy. Read More

    Therapeutic Hotline. Oral allicin in the treatment of Behcet's disease through attenuating oxidative stress: A pilot study in 20 patients with mucocutaneous lesions.
    Dermatol Ther 2017 Jan 9;30(1). Epub 2016 Oct 9.
    Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou, 646000, China.
    Behçet's disease (BD) involves oxidative stress (OS) aggression and imbalanced oxidant/antioxidant status. Owing to its antioxidant property, allicin is proposed for treating BD. In this study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of allicin on patients with BD with mucocutaneous involvement. Read More

    Dermatological Findings in Turkish Paediatric Haematology-Oncology Patients.
    Eurasian J Med 2016 Jun;48(2):107-11
    Department of Dermatology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey.
    Objective: Diagnoses of skin, mucosae, hair and nail manifestations in malignant diseases are often challenging because of life-threatening drug reactions, opportunistic infections or skin involvement of primary processes. Description of morphology, configuration and distribution of lesions is important in order to differentiate the self-healing eruptions from serious side effects of chemotherapy. There are case reports from Turkey including dermatological manifestations of malignancies and case series in adult patients but there are no published large group studies assessing all manifestations in children. Read More

    Asthma and Rhinitis Induced by Selective Immediate Reactions to Paracetamol and Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs in Aspirin Tolerant Subjects.
    Front Pharmacol 2016 20;7:215. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
    Allergy Service, Infanta Leonor University Hospital Madrid, Spain.
    In subjects with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)- exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD) symptoms are triggered by acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) and other strong COX-1 inhibitors, and in some cases by weak COX-1 or by selective COX-2 inhibitors. The mechanism involved is related to prostaglandin pathway inhibition and leukotriene release. Subjects who react to a single NSAID and tolerate others are considered selective responders, and often present urticaria and/or angioedema and anaphylaxis (SNIUAA). Read More

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug hypersensitivity in children.
    Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2017 Jan - Feb;45(1):40-47. Epub 2016 Jul 27.
    Dona Estefânia Hospital, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Rua Jacinta Marto, 1169-045 Lisbon, Portugal; CEDOC, Respiratory Research Group, Nova Medical School, Campo dos Mártires da Pátria, 130, 1169-056 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Introduction: There are rather few publications about hypersensitivity reactions to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) in the paediatric age. In this study, we aimed to assess the frequency of confirmed NSAID hypersensitivity in children with a previous reported reaction to NSAID in order to investigate the role of the drug provocation test (DPT) in the diagnostic workup and to explore the factors associated with confirmed NSAID hypersensitivity.

    Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical files from every patient under 18 years old who attended two Portuguese paediatric allergy outpatient clinics, from January 2009 to August 2014, due to a suspected NSAID hypersensitivity. Read More

    Oral pathology in inflammatory bowel disease.
    World J Gastroenterol 2016 Jul;22(25):5655-67
    Miranda Muhvić-Urek, Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia.
    The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) - Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) - has been increasing on a global scale, and progressively, more gastroenterologists will be included in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD. Although IBD primarily affects the intestinal tract, extraintestinal manifestations of the disease are often apparent, including in the oral cavity, especially in CD. Specific oral manifestations in patients with CD are as follows: indurate mucosal tags, cobblestoning and mucogingivitis, deep linear ulcerations and lip swelling with vertical fissures. Read More

    Anticoagulants in dermatology.
    Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2016 Nov-Dec;82(6):626-640
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Shri B. M. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, BLDE University, Vijayapur, Karnataka, India.
    Anticoagulants are the cornerstone of treatment of venous thromboembolism associated with various medical conditions and surgical procedures. They act on different steps of the coagulation pathway and are broadly categorized into heparins, vitamin K antagonists, and inhibitors of thrombin and factor Xa. The classification is evolving as newer and better oral and parenteral anticoagulants are being added. Read More

    Adverse Reaction to Cetuximab, an Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitor.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Apr;24(1):70-2
    Daška Štulhofer Buzina, MD, PhD, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, School of Medicine University of Zagreb, Šalata 4, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia;
    Dear Editor, Inhibition of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a new strategy in treatment of a variety of solid tumors, such as colorectal carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, and pancreatic cancer (1). Cetuximab is a chimeric human-murine monoclonal antibody against EGFR. Cutaneous side effects are the most common adverse reactions occurring during epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRI) therapy. Read More

    Propranolol-induced gingival hyperplasia with Nager syndrome: A rare adverse drug reaction.
    J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2016 Apr-Jun;7(2):64-8
    Department of Restorative Sciences, Al Farabi Colleges, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Drug reactions are a group of reactionary lesions generally show their manifestations in the oral cavity. The drug reactions may vary from local rashes to well-developed swellings in the oral cavity especially involving the gingiva. Most of the drug reactions are asymptomatic and commonly triggered from the active metabolite of a drug used for a long time. Read More

    Dermatologic complications of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint antibodies.
    Curr Opin Oncol 2016 Jul;28(4):254-63
    aDepartment of Medical Oncology and Clinical Research bDepartment of Oncodermatology cDepartment of Pathology dDepartment of Oral Medicine, Institut Claudius Regaud, Institut Universitaire du Cancer, Toulouse Oncopole eDepartment of Oncopneumology, Hopital Larrey, Toulouse University, Toulouse, France.
    Purpose Of Review: The therapeutic use of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies (nivolumab, pembrolizumab) is rapidly increasing. Given their mechanism of action that triggers T-cell activation, these immune checkpoint inhibitors induce specific adverse events that are mostly of immunologic origin. In this way, cutaneous toxicities represent the most frequent immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Read More

    Fluoropyrimidine-Induced Cardiotoxicity: Manifestations, Mechanisms, and Management.
    Curr Oncol Rep 2016 Jun;18(6):35
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, UCLA Medical Center, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Fluoropyrimidines-5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and capecitabine-have been implicated as cardiotoxic chemotherapy agents. This rare, albeit potentially serious toxicity has been described in nearly four decades of case reports, case series, and in vitro modeling; however, there is a paucity in clinical trials and prospective analyses focused on cardioprotective strategies and cardiotoxic surveillance of these agents. While much attention has focused on the well-known cardiac toxicity of anthracyclines and monoclonal antibody agents such as trastuzumab, fluoropyrimidines remain one of the most common causes of chemotherapy-associated cardiotoxicity. Read More

    Scurvy in the present times: vitamin C allergy leading to strict fast food diet.
    Dermatol Online J 2016 Jan 15;22(1). Epub 2016 Jan 15.
    Massachusetts General Hospital.
    Scurvy results from a deficiency of vitamin C, a nutrient otherwise known as ascorbic acid. Today, scurvy is rare yet emerges in select patients. The patient reported herein developed scurvy secondary to deliberate avoidance of vitamin C-rich foods. Read More

    Fluoroquinolone-related neuropsychiatric and mitochondrial toxicity: a collaborative investigation by scientists and members of a social network.
    J Community Support Oncol 2016 Feb;14(2):54-65
    Southern Network on Adverse Reactions (SONAR), South Carolina Center of Economic Excellence for Medication Safety, College of Pharmacy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.
    Background: The 3 fluoroquinolone (FQ) antibiotics - ciprofoxacin, levofoxacin, and moxifoxacin - are commonly administered to oncology patients. Although these oral antibiotics are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of urinary tract infections, acute bacterial sinusitis, or bacterial infection in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, they are commonly prescribed off-label to neutropenic cancer patients for the prevention and treatment of infections associated with febrile neutropenia. New serious FQ-associated safety concerns have been identified through novel collaborations between FQ-treated persons who have developed long-term neuropsychiatric (NP) toxicity, pharmacovigilance experts, and basic scientists. Read More

    In Vivo Cardiotoxicity Induced by Sodium Aescinate in Zebrafish Larvae.
    Molecules 2016 Feb 23;21(3):190. Epub 2016 Feb 23.
    Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Institute of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz 55128, Germany.
    Sodium aescinate (SA) is a widely-applied triterpene saponin product derived from horse chestnut seeds, possessing vasoactive and organ-protective activities with oral or injection administration in the clinic. To date, no toxicity or adverse events in SA have been reported, by using routine models (in vivo or in vitro), which are insufficient to predict all aspects of its pharmacological and toxicological actions. In this study, taking advantage of transparent zebrafish larvae (Danio rerio), we evaluated cardiovascular toxicity of SA at doses of 1/10 MNLC, 1/3 MNLC, MNLC and LC10 by yolk sac microinjection. Read More

    Ranitidine-induced anaphylaxis: clinical features, cross-reactivity, and skin testing.
    Clin Exp Allergy 2016 Apr;46(4):631-9
    Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: Histamine H2 receptor antagonists are commonly prescribed medications and are known to be well tolerated. However, 99 cases of ranitidine-induced anaphylaxis occurred in Korea from 2007 to 2014.

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, clinical features, and diagnostic methods for ranitidine-induced anaphylaxis. Read More

    CANDLE Syndrome: orodfacial manifestations and dental implications.
    Head Face Med 2015 Dec 28;11:38. Epub 2015 Dec 28.
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory, 7925, Cape Town, South Africa.
    A South African girl with CANDLE Syndrome is reported with emphasis on the orodental features and dental management. Clinical manifestations included short stature, wasting of the soft tissue of the arms and legs, erythematous skin eruptions and a prominent abdomen due to hepatosplenomegaly. Generalized microdontia, confirmed by tooth measurement and osteopenia of her jaws, confirmed by digitalized radiography, were previously undescribed syndromic components. Read More

    Behçet's disease, hospital-based prevalence and manifestations in the Rotterdam area.
    Neth J Med 2015 Dec;73(10):471-7
    Internal Medicine, section Clinical Immunology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
    Introduction: Behçet's disease is most prevalent in countries along the former Silk Road. Prevalence varies from 70-420 per 100,000 in Turkey, and 13.5-20 and 1-2 per 100,000 in Asia and Western Europe, respectively. Read More

    [Analysis on 315 cases of clinical adverse drug reaction/event induced by gastrodin].
    Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2015 May;40(10):2037-41
    With patients' general situation, medication use, occurrence time of adverse drug reaction/event (ADR/ADE), clinical manifestations and prognosis as reference items, a retrospective study was made for 315 cases with ADR/ADE induced by Gastrodin in Chongqing from January 2008 to June 2014, in order to analyze the characteristics of ADR/ADE and provide reference for rational clinical medication. The results showed that among the 315 cases with ADR/ADE, 143 cases (45.4%) were males and 172 cases (54. Read More

    Sweet syndrome: A case report and review of the literature.
    Ear Nose Throat J 2015 Jul;94(7):282-4
    Southeastern Ear, Nose, Throat, and Sinus Center, 10071 Pines Blvd., Ste. C, Pembroke Pines, FL 33024, USA.
    Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is a disorder of unknown etiology. It has been associated with autoimmune processes, malignancies, infections, drug reactions, and gastrointestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease. We describe the case of a 51-year-old man who presented with severe pain in his tongue and throat and referred pain in his right ear, along with odynophagia, fever, and hoarseness of 48 hours'duration. Read More

    Immediate hypersensitivity reactions to corticosteroids.
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2015 Sep 23;115(3):178-182.e3. Epub 2015 Jul 23.
    Allergy & Immunology Section, Louisiana State University Health, Shreveport, Louisiana. Electronic address:
    Objective: To review the literature on immediate hypersensitivity reactions to corticosteroids and classify them according to manifestations, routes of exposure, causative preparations, diagnostic tests, and management.

    Data Sources: PubMed search for English-language publications from January 1, 2004 through December 31, 2014 using search terms corticosteroid, glucocorticoid, or steroid combined with hypersensitivity, allergy, or anaphylaxis.

    Study Selection: Only reports of immediate hypersensitivity reactions that occurred sooner than 24 hours after administration of a corticosteroid were included. Read More

    The natural course and factors affecting severity of Behçet's disease: a single-center cohort of 368 patients.
    Rheumatol Int 2015 Dec 18;35(12):2103-7. Epub 2015 Jun 18.
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, 07059, Antalya, Turkey.
    Our goal was to determine, retrospectively, the occurrence of the symptoms of Behçet's disease in chronological order and the course of the disease. Additionally, probable factors affecting the clinical severity were investigated. A total of 368 patients (171 females and 197 males; aged 41. Read More

    Ocular manifestation, complications and aetiological factors in Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis.
    J Pak Med Assoc 2015 Jan;65(1):62-4
    Objective: To describe the ocular manifestations of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrosis among inpatients at a tertiary care hospital.

    Methods: The retrospective observational descriptive study was carried out at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised data on age, gender, aetiology and ocular findings related to patients diagnosed with Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrosis between January 2000 and December 2011. SPSS 19 was used for statistical analysis. Read More

    Oxidative stress following exposure to silver and gold nanoparticles in mice.
    Toxicol Ind Health 2016 Aug 29;32(8):1391-1404. Epub 2014 Dec 29.
    Division of Regulatory Toxicology, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Gwalior, India
    Silver (Ag) and gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) have wide applications. They are increasingly being used in the medical devices, biosensors, cancer cell imaging, and cosmetics. Increased applications of these NPs in the technological advances have also led to the risk of exposure to these particles. Read More

    Current role of rituximab in systemic lupus erythematosus.
    Int J Rheum Dis 2015 Feb 19;18(2):154-63. Epub 2014 Dec 19.
    Department of Medicine, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by periods of flares and remission, resulting in organ damage over time caused by persistent disease activity and treatment-related complications. Conventional therapies are not ideal in terms of efficacy and safety. Novel biological therapies are being developed to enhance therapeutic efficacy, minimize disease exacerbation and reduce toxicities. Read More

    Retinal hemorrhages and intermediate uveitis in a patient with drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome: a case report.
    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2014 ;8(2):150-2
    Departments of *Ophthalmology, and †Pathology, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    Purpose: To report a case of drug reaction (or rash) with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome in association with intraretinal hemorrhages and intermediate uveitis.

    Methods: Single case report.

    Results: A 22-year-old Hispanic woman developed a facial rash and blurry vision after the use of oral trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for a urinary tract infection. Read More

    [Hypersensitivity reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): short update].
    Pneumologia 2014 Apr-Jun;63(2):74-7
    Hypersensitivity reactions to aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a challenge to the clinicians, due to their severity. In susceptible individuals, NSAIDs induce a wide spectrum of reactions with various timing and organ manifestations, involving immunological and non-immunological mechanisms. Diagnosis of hypersensitivity to NSAID is based on characteristic symptoms precipitated with ASA/NSAIDs. Read More

    Sporotrichosis in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Sporothrix brasiliensis is associated with atypical clinical presentations.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2014 Sep 18;8(9):e3094. Epub 2014 Sep 18.
    Laboratório de Dermatologia Infecciosa, Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Background: There have been several recent changes in the taxonomy of Sporothrix schenckii as well as new observations regarding the clinical aspects of sporotrichosis. In this study, we determined the identification of the Sporothrix species associated with both classic and unusual clinical aspects of sporotrichosis observed in the endemic area of sporotrichosis in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

    Methodology/principal Findings: To verify whether S. Read More

    Hypersensitivities to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
    Expert Rev Clin Immunol 2014 Sep 4;10(9):1263-8. Epub 2014 Aug 4.
    Allergy and Immunology Section, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130-3932, USA.
    NSAIDs are the most commonly used medications worldwide and are responsible for almost 25% of adverse drug reactions. Such reactions can have different manifestations and can be immunologic or non-immunologic. The diagnosis is primarily based on the medical history, which can be difficult in patients receiving multiple medications. Read More

    [The hepatotropic activity of runihol and ademethionine against experimental liver damage caused by first-line antituberculosis drugs].
    Arkh Patol 2014 Mar-Apr;76(2):26-30
    Experiments on 62 male albino outbred rats investigated the impact of 14-day use of the oral hepatotropic agents ademethionine and runihol in different doses in liver damage caused by a antituberculosis combination (HRZ). HRZ-induced liver damage was shown to be accompanied by the development of cytolysis and cholestasis. The test drugs in the doses under study had a mixed effect, by reducing the magnitude of biochemical manifestations of these syndromes. Read More

    Hepatoprotective effects of secoiridoid-rich extracts from Gentiana cruciata L. against carbon tetrachloride induced liver damage in rats.
    Food Funct 2014 Aug;5(8):1795-803
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Kragujevac, Radoja Domanovića 12, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia.
    The objective of this work was to investigate the effects of the methanol extracts of Gentiana cruciata L. aerial parts (GCA) and roots (GCR) against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in rats. Pretreatment with GCA and GCR, containing sweroside, swertiamarin and gentiopicrin in high concentrations, dose-dependently and significantly decreased the levels of serum transaminases, alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin, whereas an increase in the level of total protein was found compared with the CCl4-treated group. Read More

    Management of refractory telaprevir-induced dermatitis using oral corticosteroids.
    Actas Dermosifiliogr 2014 Nov 29;105(9):e55-60. Epub 2014 Apr 29.
    Servicio de Patología Digestiva, Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, España.
    We present a series of 12 patients with telaprevir-induced skin toxicity. Some patients presented eczematous lesion, while others presented nonscaling macular lesions that became more purpuric in the lower limbs. Seven of the 12 patients had skin lesions affecting more than 50% of the body surface area, but none had systemic manifestations. Read More

    Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms: manifestations, treatment, and outcome in 17 patients.
    Int J Dermatol 2015 16;54(5):537-42. Epub 2014 Apr 16.
    Department of Dermatology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences(SKIMS) Medical College, Srinagar, Kashmir, India.
    Background: Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) or drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a rare type of adverse drug reaction with complex clinical features involving multiple systems of the body.

    Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical features, course, response to treatment, and outcome of DRESS.

    Methods: The study involved a retrospective analysis of data collected over a period of four years in 17 patients with DRESS. Read More

    Treatment of primary Sjögren syndrome with rituximab: a randomized trial.
    Ann Intern Med 2014 Feb;160(4):233-42
    Background: Primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by ocular and oral dryness or systemic manifestations.

    Objective: To evaluate efficacy and harms of rituximab in adults with recent-onset or systemic pSS.

    Design: Randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial conducted between March 2008 and January 2011. Read More

    Aspirin desensitization: useful treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD)?
    Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2014 Jun;14(6):441
    Center for Rhinology and Allergology, An den Quellen 10, 65183, Wiesbaden, Germany,
    Aspirin intolerance syndrome is due to disturbances in the arachidonic acid metabolism implicating both the lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase pathways. This results in imbalances of eicosanoid, leukotriene and prostaglandin synthesis. Thus, preinflammatory cysteinyl leukotrienes increase and antiinflammatory prostaglandins (PG) such as PGE2 decrease. Read More

    Late postoperative hemorrhage in a patient with undiagnosed COX-1 deficiency after third molar extractions.
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2014 Apr 22;72(4):660-5. Epub 2013 Nov 22.
    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT; and Private Practice, Milford, CT.
    Oral maxillofacial surgeons direct invasive procedures that often cause significant bleeding. Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a rare, yet serious, complication that can be seen in patients with thrombocytopathy. Platelets have 3 distinct roles in coagulation: initial adhesion, phospholipid externalization, and platelet aggregation. Read More

    Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus in Portugal: clinical and immunological patterns of disease expression in a cohort of 56 patients.
    Acta Reumatol Port 2013 Oct-Dec;38(4):274-85
    Objective: To define the pattern of disease expression and to gain better understanding in patients with juvenile onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Portugal.

    Methods: The features of unselected patients with systemic lupus erythematosus who had disease onset before the age of 18 years were retrospectively analysed in three Portuguese centres with Pediatric Rheumatology Clinic over a 24-year period (1987-2011). Demographic, clinical and laboratory manifestations, therapy and outcome were assessed. Read More

    Omalizumab for asthma in adults and children.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014 Jan 13(1):CD003559. Epub 2014 Jan 13.
    Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's, University of London, London, UK.
    Background: Asthma is a respiratory (airway) condition that affects an estimated 300 million people worldwide and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Omalizumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds and inhibits free serum immunoglobulin E (IgE). It is called an 'anti-IgE' drug. Read More

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